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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Impact Of Tabata-Style Workouts On Young Runners' Ability To Sprint 200 Meters With Strength And Speed, As Measured By The Kinetic Energy Index, Muntadher Mohammed Ali, Ali Abdul Hassan Hussain, Mokhalad Mohammed Jasim Sep 2022

The Impact Of Tabata-Style Workouts On Young Runners' Ability To Sprint 200 Meters With Strength And Speed, As Measured By The Kinetic Energy Index, Muntadher Mohammed Ali, Ali Abdul Hassan Hussain, Mokhalad Mohammed Jasim

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The importance of the research is reflected in studying the effect of Tabata-style exercises for performance stages in the strength characteristic of speed and the achievement of 200 meters for runners under 20 years old.

As for the research problem: by following up and informing the researchers of the exercises of runners under 20 years old, they noticed the large number of trainers’ reliance on commonly applied training methods and methods and their lack of use of modern training methods, including the Tabata method, which is one of the modern training methods that have occurred recently, in which high-intensity training ...


The Impact Of The Inverted Learning Strategy On Students' Development Of The Most Important Visual Abilities And Volleyball Reception Performance, Hussein Rahim Jabr, Wissam Riad Hussein Sep 2022

The Impact Of The Inverted Learning Strategy On Students' Development Of The Most Important Visual Abilities And Volleyball Reception Performance, Hussein Rahim Jabr, Wissam Riad Hussein

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The purpose of this paper is to identifying the effect of the inverted learning strategy in developing the most important visual abilities and performing the skill of serve receive in volleyball for students. The experimental approach was used to design the two equal groups, and the research community was represented in the third stage students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, the University of Kufa for the academic year 2020/2021, who numbered (85). Students and the research sample included (28) students, with (14) students for each of the control group and the experimental group. The most ...


The Effect Of An Educational Program Using The Murder Strategy (M.U.R.D.E.R) In Learning The Skill Of Smashing Volleyball For Students, Abbas Khalil Ali, Firas Suhail Ibrahim Sep 2022

The Effect Of An Educational Program Using The Murder Strategy (M.U.R.D.E.R) In Learning The Skill Of Smashing Volleyball For Students, Abbas Khalil Ali, Firas Suhail Ibrahim

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Volleyball is one of the most important courses for second-year students in the Faculties of Physical Education and Sports Science. When the researcher followed the learning process of this material, he noticed a weakness in learning the ability to hit the breaking ball in volleyball. As a result, the researcher decided to employ the strategy (M.U.R.D.E.R.) in teaching students how to smash hits in volleyball. Which have an effect on innovation and attract the learner's attention, so he wanted to demonstrate it in volleyball teaching and measure its impact on skill learning within the ...


The Impact Of Deaf Players' Communication Device With Coach (Patent 6701) On Directing Management In Football Match, Ala' Jabar Abood, Nahida Abed Zaid Baeiw Sep 2022

The Impact Of Deaf Players' Communication Device With Coach (Patent 6701) On Directing Management In Football Match, Ala' Jabar Abood, Nahida Abed Zaid Baeiw

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The football coach manages the match by directing his players and exerting a great effort in this mission. However, this effort is duplicated with those unhealthy players, such as those who challenge with their disabilities (deaf category). In fact, the coach sometimes finds himself unable to deliver the instructions to his players in the critical moments of the match because they do not pay attention to him since they are busy with the match. This is because they suffer from lack of communication due to their hearing loss. Thus, the research aims to state the impact of the innovative electronic ...


The Impact Of Deaf Players' Communication Device With Referee (Patent 6738) On Time Management In Football Match, Ala' Jabar Abood Sep 2022

The Impact Of Deaf Players' Communication Device With Referee (Patent 6738) On Time Management In Football Match, Ala' Jabar Abood

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Sports scientists have been interested in the game of football, and technology has entered it, through the introduction of many devices and tools, which help to find a solution to its problems, and to develop it, the latest of which is the video referee technology (VAR), which achieves justice in some of the decisions taken by the referee during the match. The game of football is played by deaf players, and the same rules of the game are applied to them that apply to normal players, but a referee carries a flag with the whistle, to warn them when a ...


The Impact Of A Training Field On The Development Of Some Physiological Variables In The Elderly (60-65 Years Old), Ali Adel Hasan Al-Muhanna, Ahmed Youssef Miteb Al-Hasnawi Sep 2022

The Impact Of A Training Field On The Development Of Some Physiological Variables In The Elderly (60-65 Years Old), Ali Adel Hasan Al-Muhanna, Ahmed Youssef Miteb Al-Hasnawi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Every human being requires a high level of physical fitness as well as the availability of a good health condition. It necessitates consistent participation in sports activities, which should be done with conscious awareness and understanding of their significance.

The researchers' observations of the elderly category diagnose the suffering experienced by this age group as a result of the rapid decline and deterioration in biokinetic abilities, as well as the sport environment in their society, which is considered to be a poor environment in which there are no playgrounds, and if there are, they are not appropriate for their ages ...


The Effects Of Functional Exercise On Some Biomotor Abilities In The Elderly (60-65), Ali Adel Hasan Al-Muhanna, Ahmed Youssef Miteb Al-Hasnawi Sep 2022

The Effects Of Functional Exercise On Some Biomotor Abilities In The Elderly (60-65), Ali Adel Hasan Al-Muhanna, Ahmed Youssef Miteb Al-Hasnawi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

In order to achieve a good and safe level of public health, individuals must practice various types of exercise, such as running, swimming, cycling and others, due to the important physiological changes that athletic training induces in the body, which works to develop important biokinetic abilities to efficiently perform daily life functions and others. The study's goal was to create functional exercises to help the elderly (60-65 years old) develop some of their biomotor abilities and to determine the effect of functional exercises on some of their biokinetic abilities. The researchers employed the experimental method, creating two equal groups ...


The Effect Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Young Football Players' Performance Endurance And Receiving Skills From Movement, Rolling And Scoring, Ali Jassim Muhamed Al-Asadi, Suhail Jassim Jawad Al-Maslmawi Sep 2022

The Effect Of High-Intensity Interval Training On Young Football Players' Performance Endurance And Receiving Skills From Movement, Rolling And Scoring, Ali Jassim Muhamed Al-Asadi, Suhail Jassim Jawad Al-Maslmawi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The purpose of this paper is to prepare high - intensity interval training and know the extent of its effects on the development of performance endurance and receiving skill from movement, rolling and shooting for junior football players, where the researcher used the experimental approach and by designing two equal groups with pre - and post - tests for its relevance to the nature of the problem and the achievement of the research objectives. After the research community identified the emerging football players for the sports season at the Specialized School for the Care of Sports Talent in Babylon (2020-2021). Whose ages ranged ...


The Impact Of Dynamic Lactic Acid Training On Lactic Acid Concentration As Well As The Development Of Receiving Ability From Movement And Subsequent Passing In Young Football Players, Ali Jassim Muhamed Al-Asadi, Suhail Jassim Jawad Al-Maslmawi Sep 2022

The Impact Of Dynamic Lactic Acid Training On Lactic Acid Concentration As Well As The Development Of Receiving Ability From Movement And Subsequent Passing In Young Football Players, Ali Jassim Muhamed Al-Asadi, Suhail Jassim Jawad Al-Maslmawi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The aim of this work is to prepare dynamic lactic acid exercises and to know the extent of their effects on blood lactic acid concentration after exercise. In addition, the development of complex offensive skill of receiving from the movement and then passing for junior football players. During which the researchers employed an experimental strategy (by designing two equal groups with pre - and post - tests). Search for its applicability to the nature of the problem and access to achieving goals. After the research community identified the emerging football players in the Specialized School for the Care of Sports Talent in ...


Creative Leadership And Its Relationship To Administrative Performance Of Professional Supervisors As Seen By Physical Education Teachers In The Province Of Babylon, Ameer Ali Daeif, Saddam Mohamed Farid Sep 2022

Creative Leadership And Its Relationship To Administrative Performance Of Professional Supervisors As Seen By Physical Education Teachers In The Province Of Babylon, Ameer Ali Daeif, Saddam Mohamed Farid

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The problem of the research lies in the formulation of the main research question, which is: (What is the relationship between creative leadership and the administrative performance of pedagogical supervisors from the perspective of physical education teachers? As for the research objectives, they were (to elaborate measures of creative leadership and administrative performance for the specialized supervisors. To determine the relationship between creative leadership and administrative performance of specialized supervisors. The second chapter is about the research methodology, the research community and its sample. Two sections were divided into this community: preparatory samples and experimental samples. The researcher used the ...


The Effect Of Maxex Exercises In Developing Some Of The Bio Kinematic Variables, Physical Abilities, And Scoring Accuracy For Football Players, Ameer Fahim Mohsen, Diaa Jaber Mohamed, Alia Hussein Daham Sep 2022

The Effect Of Maxex Exercises In Developing Some Of The Bio Kinematic Variables, Physical Abilities, And Scoring Accuracy For Football Players, Ameer Fahim Mohsen, Diaa Jaber Mohamed, Alia Hussein Daham

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The importance of the research lies in preparing MAXEX exercises and knowing their impact on some biomechanical variables and physical abilities that are directly involved in the performance of the scoring skill on the goal in football.

The research problem is that players did not use the correct motor paths represented by the biomechanical rules and the physical abilities through which the player can implement the scoring skill successfully with a high accuracy towards the goal. The researchers believe that the reason for this is the lack of using exercises commensurate with the football scoring skill by coaches. The research ...


The Impact Of Maxex Exercises In Developing The Explosive Ability And Some Offensive Skills Of Youth In Football, Ameer Fahim Mohsen, Diaa Jaber Mohamed, Alia Hussein Daham Sep 2022

The Impact Of Maxex Exercises In Developing The Explosive Ability And Some Offensive Skills Of Youth In Football, Ameer Fahim Mohsen, Diaa Jaber Mohamed, Alia Hussein Daham

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Maxex training is considered the most important training method that effectively contributes to the development of players' (explosive) abilities due to its direct effects on the nervous and muscular systems. Since the explosive ability is the basis for some skills that the player performs during the competition (goal kick and header), the researchers develop this ability with a new training method that has a positive impact on this ability. The more the team players have these physical skills, the more positive effect it has on improving the team level. Therefore, coaches need to pay attention to the physical abilities and ...


The Biological Effectiveness Of Isokinetic Exercises In The Rehabilitation Of Partial Ruptures Of The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Of The Knee In Soccer Players, Amjad Abd Ali Abd Aoun Hammadi, Abbas Hussein Obaid Al Sultani, Nabil Abdul Al Kazim Eadhab Al Mashayikhi Sep 2022

The Biological Effectiveness Of Isokinetic Exercises In The Rehabilitation Of Partial Ruptures Of The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Of The Knee In Soccer Players, Amjad Abd Ali Abd Aoun Hammadi, Abbas Hussein Obaid Al Sultani, Nabil Abdul Al Kazim Eadhab Al Mashayikhi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The research involved the preparation of isokinetic exercises for soccer players who had a partial rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament in the knee, and the determination of the crucial effectiveness of these exercises in the rehabilitation of the partial rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament of soccer players. The researchers use the experimental curriculum (pre-test and post-test) over one group. The research community is determined with soccer players who have partial rupture of anterior cruciate ligament the of knee in Babylon Centre for disabled Rehabilitation and Hospital of Imam Al-Sadiq in Babylon province. Their number was (6) players. The ...


The Impact Of A Constructed Device In The Rehabilitation Of A Partial Rupture Of The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Of The Knee, Amjad Abd Ali Abd Aoun Hammadi, Abbas Hussein Obaid Al Sultani, Nabil Abdul Al Kazim Eadhab Al Mashayikhi Sep 2022

The Impact Of A Constructed Device In The Rehabilitation Of A Partial Rupture Of The Anterior Cruciate Ligament Of The Knee, Amjad Abd Ali Abd Aoun Hammadi, Abbas Hussein Obaid Al Sultani, Nabil Abdul Al Kazim Eadhab Al Mashayikhi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The research included a preparation of isokinematic exercises for football players who had a partial rupture of the anterior cruciate knee ligament, and to identify the vital effectiveness of these exercises in the rehabilitation of the partial rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament of football players. The researchers use the experimental curriculum (pre and post-test) over one group. The research community is determined with football players who have partial rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee in Babylon Center for disabled Rehabilitation and the Hospital of Imam Al-Sadiq in the province of Babylon. Their numbers were (6) players ...


The Effect Of Special Exercises And Electrical Stimulation On Some Serving Muscles In Youth Volleyball, Aqeel Yousif Naser Hussein, Anees Hussein Ali, Samer Ahmed Hasan Sep 2022

The Effect Of Special Exercises And Electrical Stimulation On Some Serving Muscles In Youth Volleyball, Aqeel Yousif Naser Hussein, Anees Hussein Ali, Samer Ahmed Hasan

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

In electrical stimulation, the key is to stimulate the muscle fibers to the optimal level. For example, if the muscle is subjected to a great resistance, it needs to excite the greatest number of motor units. Moreover, it can be an aid such as a massage aimed at eliminating the fatigue symptoms of the muscles, and the electrical stimulation is used to stimulate the muscles to work and help them to bear the other loads as well, while it is performed in parallel with the exercise, since it is an auxiliary procedure and not a basic one, which has been ...


The Effect Of Special Exercises With An Auxiliary Means On Some Of The Biokinematics Variables Spiking In Volleyball For Youth, Aqeel Yousif Naser Hussein, Anees Hussein Ali, Samer Ahmed Hasan Sep 2022

The Effect Of Special Exercises With An Auxiliary Means On Some Of The Biokinematics Variables Spiking In Volleyball For Youth, Aqeel Yousif Naser Hussein, Anees Hussein Ali, Samer Ahmed Hasan

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The goal of this paper is to determine the effect of assistive device exercises on some bio-kinetic variables spiking in volleyball for youth. The research community was determined from the first-class volleyball players for the youth category in the province of Babylon, aged (17-19) years, with (60) players, and the main sample was selected from Al-Hashmiya Sports Club with (22) players, after the libero players were excluded. their number grew (20) A player for the main experiment, and they were divided into two control and experimental groups by the simple random method (the lottery), with ten players for each group ...


The Impact Of Compound Exercises On The Physical Development And Skill Performance Of Young Soccer Players, Atheer Abdul Ameer, Hussein Abdul Amir Hamza Sep 2022

The Impact Of Compound Exercises On The Physical Development And Skill Performance Of Young Soccer Players, Atheer Abdul Ameer, Hussein Abdul Amir Hamza

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The significance of research lies: In the development of complex exercises, for the development of certain physical skills and skillful performance in young soccer players. Concerning the research problem, the researcher has noticed a weakness in integrating the elements on which play is based in the training exercises prepared by most coaches for the development of young people through his experience and field observation in the areas of play and training. As a result of this imbalance in age group preparation, there was a clear weakness in the physical and skill aspects at advanced levels. As a result, the problem ...


The Influence Of Compound Exercises On The Development Of Some Kinetic And Mental Abilities In Junior Football Players, Atheer Abdul Ameer, Hussein Abdul Amir Hamza Sep 2022

The Influence Of Compound Exercises On The Development Of Some Kinetic And Mental Abilities In Junior Football Players, Atheer Abdul Ameer, Hussein Abdul Amir Hamza

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The study's significance lies in the development of complex exercises for the development of some of the motor and mental skills of young soccer players. As for the research problem, he noticed a lack of integration of the elements on which the game is based in the training exercises prepared by most trainers in the development of young people, which resulted in a clear weakness in the motor and mental aspects at advanced levels as a result of this defect in preparing Age groups. The problem of research about the integration of mixing these components to develop the levels ...


The Effect Of Rehabilitation Exercises By Means Of Aids In Developing The Strength Of The Shoulder Joint And The Performance Of The Skill Of The Arabic Jump In The Artistic Gymnastics For Students, Dargham Abdul-Kadhim Rahima Al-Kaabi, Nahida Abdel Zaid Al-Dulaimi Sep 2022

The Effect Of Rehabilitation Exercises By Means Of Aids In Developing The Strength Of The Shoulder Joint And The Performance Of The Skill Of The Arabic Jump In The Artistic Gymnastics For Students, Dargham Abdul-Kadhim Rahima Al-Kaabi, Nahida Abdel Zaid Al-Dulaimi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The study aimed at preparing rehabilitation exercises with aids to develop the strength of the shoulder joint and knowing the effect of exercises on the performance of the Arabic jump skill in the artistic gymnastics for students, during which the researchers used the experimental method (and by designing one group with follow-up tests) for its suitability to the nature of the problem and access to achieving the objectives of the research. The research community was identified with students of the second stage in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the Islamic University for the academic year 2021-2022 ...


The Effect Of Rehabilitation Exercises For The Strength And Flexibility Of The Elbow Joint And The Performance Of The Cartwheel Skill In The Technical Gymnastics For Students, Dargham Abdul-Kadhim Rahima Al-Kaabi, Nahida Abdel Zaid Al-Dulaimi Sep 2022

The Effect Of Rehabilitation Exercises For The Strength And Flexibility Of The Elbow Joint And The Performance Of The Cartwheel Skill In The Technical Gymnastics For Students, Dargham Abdul-Kadhim Rahima Al-Kaabi, Nahida Abdel Zaid Al-Dulaimi

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The study aimed at preparing rehabilitation exercises for the strength and flexibility of the elbow joint and knowing the effect of exercises on the performance of the human wheel skill in the technical gymnastics for students, during which the researchers used the experimental method (and by designing one group with follow-up tests) for its suitability to the nature of the problem and access to achieving the objectives of the research. The research community was identified with students of the second stage in the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at the Islamic University for the academic year 2021-2022, numbering ...


The Impact Of Exercises With Tools To Promote Some Motor Variables And Biometric Abilities And To Perform The Ability Of The Increase Of The Back Balance And The Fall Of Cartwell On The Balance Model Of Female Students, Farah Ghassan Salim, Mazen Abdul Hadi Ahmed Sep 2022

The Impact Of Exercises With Tools To Promote Some Motor Variables And Biometric Abilities And To Perform The Ability Of The Increase Of The Back Balance And The Fall Of Cartwell On The Balance Model Of Female Students, Farah Ghassan Salim, Mazen Abdul Hadi Ahmed

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Recent years have highlighted a special indicator of the importance of physical education, as it is clear in the advanced countries' high levels of sports achievement thanks to scientific research and targeted studies that scientific sports institutions have contributed seriously and effectively in order to raise the level of achievement in various sports in general, including sports. Gymnastics, in particular technical gymnastics for women, occupy an advanced position among the various types of sports activity. Assistive devices are one of the most important factors that achieve this in gymnastics because they are among the accelerating factors in the learning process ...


The Effect Of Special Exercises On The Development Of Some Motor Abilities And Kinetic Variables, As Well As The Performance Of The Jumping Skill In Combination And Opening On The Jump Table For Female Students, Farah Ghassan Salim, Mazen Abdul Hadi Ahmed Sep 2022

The Effect Of Special Exercises On The Development Of Some Motor Abilities And Kinetic Variables, As Well As The Performance Of The Jumping Skill In Combination And Opening On The Jump Table For Female Students, Farah Ghassan Salim, Mazen Abdul Hadi Ahmed

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

I witnessed the learning process with special exercises that take into account the motor and skill capabilities when preparing them by repeating the performance of a specific movement or several movements in different images in order to reach a specific effect and achieve a special goal and this cannot be achieved scientifically in learning the skills of the jumping table, including and open in gymnastics Technical for women, except through its close association with other sciences, including biomechanics, which studies the study of movement in terms of its place and time and the forces causing it by achieving its duties ...


The Impact Of Blended Learning And Digital Communication On Students' Quick Attack And Refereeing Skills In Handball, Faris Abd Imran Al-Mamouri, Samer Youssef Muteab Sep 2022

The Impact Of Blended Learning And Digital Communication On Students' Quick Attack And Refereeing Skills In Handball, Faris Abd Imran Al-Mamouri, Samer Youssef Muteab

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The problem of the research lies in the process of learning to perform the stages of fast break and refereeing skills is one of the important topics in handball, especially for students of the college of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, third stage. It is one of the difficult tasks that students suffer from, as it includes planning exercises with group work in most of them, which requires deep cognitive and practical aspects so that the student can acceptably perform them.

The aims of the research included identifying the effect of blended learning with digital communication on the fast break ...


The Effect Of High Interference Media And Tactical Drills On The Performance Of Individual And Group Fast Attack Formations In Student Handball, Faris Abd Imran Al-Mamouri, Samer Youssef Muteab Sep 2022

The Effect Of High Interference Media And Tactical Drills On The Performance Of Individual And Group Fast Attack Formations In Student Handball, Faris Abd Imran Al-Mamouri, Samer Youssef Muteab

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The problem of the research includes the process of learning to perform the formations of the individual and grouping fast break stages which is one of the important topics in handball, especially for students of the college of Physical Education and Sports Sciences in the third stage, and it is one of the difficult tasks that students suffer from, as it includes tactical exercises with mostly teamwork.

The objectives of the research include the preparing and designing of hypermedia and tactical exercises for the fast break in handball for students, as well as identifying the effect of hypermedia and tactical ...


Effect Of Dietary Sodium Bicarbonate On L.D.H Enzyme Level Female Futsal Players' Lactic Acid Tolerance And Exceptional Endurance, Hiba Faez Kamil, Moayad Abd Ali Al-Ta'i Sep 2022

Effect Of Dietary Sodium Bicarbonate On L.D.H Enzyme Level Female Futsal Players' Lactic Acid Tolerance And Exceptional Endurance, Hiba Faez Kamil, Moayad Abd Ali Al-Ta'i

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The researcher has highlighted the importance of taking sodium bicarbonate for the level of LDH enzyme and lactic acid and the special endurance of futsal players, as sodium bicarbonate is one of the fluids that has a great effect on the athlete in terms of physical and physiological level, providing adequate physical fitness and increasing the activity and vitality of the body, helping the body to resist the nervous fatigue to which it is exposed.

The study's goals included determining how consuming sodium bicarbonate affected the levels of lactic acid, the LDH enzyme, and the unique endurance of female ...


The Impact Of Physical Activity On Female Futsal Players' Heart Rates, Po2 Concentration, And Level Of Exceptional Endurance, Hiba Faez Kamil, Moayad Abd Ali Al-Ta'i Sep 2022

The Impact Of Physical Activity On Female Futsal Players' Heart Rates, Po2 Concentration, And Level Of Exceptional Endurance, Hiba Faez Kamil, Moayad Abd Ali Al-Ta'i

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

Finding the finest strategies and techniques to help develop the unique endurance of futsal players, as well as attaining the proper functional adaptation, are key goals of the research. In order to establish some physiological factors and the unique endurance of futsal players, the researchers chose to use playing activities.

In terms of the research problem: The research problem includes two main axes: the first one is the low stamina of the players, which is one of the obstacles that futsal players suffer from.

Concerning the second axis, the challenge lies in identifying the most effective training regimens and strategies ...


Determining Criteria For Refereeing Leadership Among Basketball Referees, Hussein Hamza Jawad, Raad Abdul Ameer Finjan, Salam Muhamad Hamza Sep 2022

Determining Criteria For Refereeing Leadership Among Basketball Referees, Hussein Hamza Jawad, Raad Abdul Ameer Finjan, Salam Muhamad Hamza

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The research aims to create a referee leadership form and determine the criteria for the referee leadership form for basketball referees. This research uses a descriptive approach using the survey method and normative studies. The research community was determined by the working referees who are accredited and registered in the records of the Central Basketball Federation in Iraq, whose number is (84) referees distributed among the three refereeing points (international, first, and second). The research sample were chosen by a comprehensive inventory method, and the referee’s leadership form consisted of (21) vertebrae representing (6) dimensions, namely (fitness, public health ...


The Vitality Of Conscience And Its Relation To Basketball Referees' Level Of Ambition, Hussein Hamza Jawad, Raad Abdul Ameer Finjan, Salam Muhamad Hamza Sep 2022

The Vitality Of Conscience And Its Relation To Basketball Referees' Level Of Ambition, Hussein Hamza Jawad, Raad Abdul Ameer Finjan, Salam Muhamad Hamza

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The research aims to develop measures of conscience vitality and ambition levels to determine their levels and correlations in basketball referees. The research community was determined by the working referees accredited and registered in the records of the Central Basketball Federation in Iraq, whose number is (84) referees distributed among the three levels of referees (international, first and second). The research sample was selected using a comprehensive inventory method. The scale of ambition consisted of (28) items representing (4) dimensions, namely (efficiency, organization, sense of duty, and self-discipline). The scale of ambition level consisted of (28) items representing (4) dimensions ...


The Effect Of Inverted Learning Strategy On The Development Of Motor Bonding And The Execution Of The Skill Of Beating Overwhelming In Volleyball, Hussein Rahim Jabr, Wissam Riad Hussein Sep 2022

The Effect Of Inverted Learning Strategy On The Development Of Motor Bonding And The Execution Of The Skill Of Beating Overwhelming In Volleyball, Hussein Rahim Jabr, Wissam Riad Hussein

Journal of STEPS for Humanities and Social Sciences

The purpose of this paper is to identifying the effect of the inverted learning strategy in developing the most important visual abilities and performing the skill of serve receive in volleyball for students. The experimental approach was used to design the two equal groups, and the research community was represented in the third stage students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, the University of Kufa for the academic year 2020/2021, who numbered (85). Students and the research sample included (28) students, with (14) students for each of the control group and the experimental group. The most ...


Higher Ed Has Faults -- But Don't Ignore Its Utility, A. Benjamin Spencer Sep 2022

Higher Ed Has Faults -- But Don't Ignore Its Utility, A. Benjamin Spencer

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