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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Segmented Labour Markets In South Africa, Gary S. Fields Jul 2016

Segmented Labour Markets In South Africa, Gary S. Fields

Gary S Fields

[Excerpt] The textbook labour market model aggregates all workers, all employers and all sectors of the economy into a single labour market. In this single labour market, workers supply labour, employers demand labour and the rate of pay (termed wage for shorthand) is determined by the intersection of supply and demand. Segmented labour market analysis proceeds from a different starting point. Workers, employers and sectors are not aggregated together. Rather, two or more labour market segments are identified, the groupings reflecting fundamental differences in how labour supply, labour demand and wage-determination mechanisms operate in different segments. For example, in the ...


Segmented Labour Markets In South Africa, Gary S. Fields Jan 2014

Segmented Labour Markets In South Africa, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The textbook labour market model aggregates all workers, all employers and all sectors of the economy into a single labour market. In this single labour market, workers supply labour, employers demand labour and the rate of pay (termed wage for shorthand) is determined by the intersection of supply and demand.

Segmented labour market analysis proceeds from a different starting point. Workers, employers and sectors are not aggregated together. Rather, two or more labour market segments are identified, the groupings reflecting fundamental differences in how labour supply, labour demand and wage-determination mechanisms operate in different segments. For example, in the ...


Changes In Employment And Working Conditions Among Technical And Professional Workers, Rosemary Batt, Danielle Van Jaarsveld Jun 2013

Changes In Employment And Working Conditions Among Technical And Professional Workers, Rosemary Batt, Danielle Van Jaarsveld

Rosemary Batt

Recent organizing drives and strike activity among technical and professional employees raise the question of whether the employment conditions of these workers are deteriorating more generally. To consider this question, this paper reviews empirical research and national surveys on trends in employment contracts and working conditions of technical and professional employees. On average, we find that employment security and benefits have deteriorated, more pay is at risk, and hours of work have increased, negatively spilling over from work to family life.


Part-Time Employment In The United States, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Pamela Rosenberg, Jeanne Li Sep 2012

Part-Time Employment In The United States, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Pamela Rosenberg, Jeanne Li

Ronald G. Ehrenberg

[Excerpt] To say that part-time workers are less costly than full-time workers, however, is not an explanation for the trend in the use of part-time employees that has occurred. Rather, one must show that the relative cost advantage of part-time workers has increased over time and that variations in the relative cost advantage are associated with variations in the usage of part-time employment. Somewhat surprisingly, few researchers have tried to do this, and even these only indirectly. This paper addresses this issue, albeit in a slightly different way, focusing on data from the United States. We begin in the next ...


Don't Blame Faculty For High Tuition: The Annual Report On The Economic Status Of The Profession, 2003-04, Ronald Ehrenberg Sep 2012

Don't Blame Faculty For High Tuition: The Annual Report On The Economic Status Of The Profession, 2003-04, Ronald Ehrenberg

Ronald G. Ehrenberg

[Excerpt] The bottom line is that although faculty and staff salary in-creases obviously contribute to increases in tuition, other factors have played more important roles during the last quarter century. These factors include the escalating costs of benefits for all employees, reductions in state support of public institutions, growing institutional financial-aid costs, expansion of the science and research infrastructure at research universities, and the increasing costs of information technology. If tuition and fee increases had been held to the rate of average faculty salary increases during this period, average tuition and fees would be substantially lower today in both the ...


Unequal Progress: The Annual Report On The Economic Status Of The Profession 2002-03, Ronald Ehrenberg Sep 2012

Unequal Progress: The Annual Report On The Economic Status Of The Profession 2002-03, Ronald Ehrenberg

Ronald G. Ehrenberg

[Excerpt] Most colleges and universities adopted budgets for the 2002-03 academic year in the spring and early summer of 2002. At that time, a pessimist might have cited several factors – negative rates of return from institutional endowments, a rising unemployment rate, an economic recession, and large increases in college and university enrollments, for example - to predict that faculty members would not see their earnings increase substantially in real terms in the coming year. The good news is that, overall and on average, the pessimists' worst fears proved incorrect. The bad news is that the overall aver-ages don't tell the ...


Unemployment Insurance, Duration Of Unemployment, And Subsequent Wage Gain, Ronald Ehrenberg, Ronald Oaxaca Jul 2012

Unemployment Insurance, Duration Of Unemployment, And Subsequent Wage Gain, Ronald Ehrenberg, Ronald Oaxaca

Ronald G. Ehrenberg

[Excerpt] In order to evaluate what the "optimal" level of UI benefits is, one must therefore first estimate the magnitude of the relationships between UI benefits levels and unemployed workers' durations of unemployment and post-unemployment wages. There have been several previous studies of the impact of UI benefits on duration of spells of unemployment, however none have been completely satisfactory methodologically. To our knowledge, there have been no previous studies of the system's impact on subsequent wage rates. We attempt to fill these gaps, utilizing data from the National Longitudinal Survey (NLS) to estimate both relationships. The plan of ...


What Did Unions Do In Nineteenth-Century Britain?, George R. Boyer Dec 2011

What Did Unions Do In Nineteenth-Century Britain?, George R. Boyer

George R. Boyer

The article examines the development of the insurance function of trade unions. It analyzes how such policies worked, and why union benefit packages differed across occupations. It also addresses the impact of insurance policies on union organization. Insurance benefits increased the ability of unions to attract and retain members. They did not, however, significantly increase the power of union leaders relative to employers or union rank and file.


Do Work Benefits Affect Employee Morale?, Angela Franklin Jan 2011

Do Work Benefits Affect Employee Morale?, Angela Franklin

A with Honors Projects

Survey of how Schnucks employees feel about their work benefits and research paper as to whether this affects their morale.


Benefits, Rights And Features Nondiscrimination Testing And Phased Retirement Programs, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Mar 2010

Benefits, Rights And Features Nondiscrimination Testing And Phased Retirement Programs, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Memos and Fact Sheets

Various studies indicate that formal phased retirement programs within defined benefit plans are wanted and needed by both employers and employees. Phased retirement programs may be useful for employees who want to reduce their hours during later stages of their careers, but who wish to remain in the workforce. For employers, a phased retirement program may be a useful tool to retain talented employees who may otherwise fully retire.

In designing phased retirement programs, It is not surprising that many employers wish to have significant discretion in deciding which employees they will seek to retain through a phased retirement program ...


Phased Retirement Benefits And Final Full Retirement Calculations: Open Issues, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Mar 2010

Phased Retirement Benefits And Final Full Retirement Calculations: Open Issues, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Memos and Fact Sheets

This document briefly describes two issues relating to the final, full retirement benefit for individuals who receive a phased retirement distribution from a defined benefit plan: 1) whether and how any phased retirement distribution would offset the final full retirement benefit, and 2) the form of the payment of the final, full retirement benefit.


Standing At A Crossroads: The Building Trades In The Twenty-First Century, Mark Erlich, Jeffrey Grabelsky Jan 2010

Standing At A Crossroads: The Building Trades In The Twenty-First Century, Mark Erlich, Jeffrey Grabelsky

Jeffrey Grabelsky

American building trades unions have historically played a critical and stabilizing role in the nation’s construction industry, establishing uniform standards and leveling the competitive playing field. Union members have enjoyed better than average wages and benefits, excellent training opportunities, and decent jobsite conditions. But in the last thirty years the industry has undergone a dramatic transformation. This article describes the decline in union density, the drop in construction wages, the growth of anti-union forces, the changes in labor force demographics, the shift toward construction management, and the emergence of an underground economy. It also analyzes how building trades unions ...


Statements Illustrating The Legislative Intent Of These Laws, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center Apr 2009

Statements Illustrating The Legislative Intent Of These Laws, Workplace Flexibility 2010, Georgetown University Law Center

Memos and Fact Sheets

Based on statements in the legislative history, these laws were meant to provide:

  1. Overarching Benefits in the Current Economy
  2. Benefits to Families
  3. Benefits to Management
  4. Equality for Women
  5. Protection of the Environment


Standing At A Crossroads: The Building Trades In The Twenty-First Century, Mark Erlich, Jeffrey Grabelsky Sep 2005

Standing At A Crossroads: The Building Trades In The Twenty-First Century, Mark Erlich, Jeffrey Grabelsky

Articles and Chapters

American building trades unions have historically played a critical and stabilizing role in the nation’s construction industry, establishing uniform standards and leveling the competitive playing field. Union members have enjoyed better than average wages and benefits, excellent training opportunities, and decent jobsite conditions. But in the last thirty years the industry has undergone a dramatic transformation. This article describes the decline in union density, the drop in construction wages, the growth of anti-union forces, the changes in labor force demographics, the shift toward construction management, and the emergence of an underground economy. It also analyzes how building trades unions ...


Unequal Progress: The Annual Report On The Economic Status Of The Profession 2002-03, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Mar 2003

Unequal Progress: The Annual Report On The Economic Status Of The Profession 2002-03, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Most colleges and universities adopted budgets for the 2002-03 academic year in the spring and early summer of 2002. At that time, a pessimist might have cited several factors – negative rates of return from institutional endowments, a rising unemployment rate, an economic recession, and large increases in college and university enrollments, for example - to predict that faculty members would not see their earnings increase substantially in real terms in the coming year. The good news is that, overall and on average, the pessimists' worst fears proved incorrect. The bad news is that the overall aver-ages don't tell the ...


Changes In Employment And Working Conditions Among Technical And Professional Workers, Rosemary Batt, Danielle Van Jaarsveld Jan 2002

Changes In Employment And Working Conditions Among Technical And Professional Workers, Rosemary Batt, Danielle Van Jaarsveld

Articles and Chapters

Recent organizing drives and strike activity among technical and professional employees raise the question of whether the employment conditions of these workers are deteriorating more generally. To consider this question, this paper reviews empirical research and national surveys on trends in employment contracts and working conditions of technical and professional employees. On average, we find that employment security and benefits have deteriorated, more pay is at risk, and hours of work have increased, negatively spilling over from work to family life.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1990

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Hugh Heater, employee training and new employees.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1990

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Special fall issue.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1990

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about efficiency awards, logo and new employees.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Aug 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about the Government Department, retirees, and taxes.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jun 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Harry Largen, Jim Tomes and the minority vita bank.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Apr 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Torie Cockriel, WKU Ticket Office and medical insurance audits.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Feb 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Rita Isenberg, Minority Vita Bank and maternity leave.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Special fall semester issue.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jan 1989

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about David Mefford, faculty/staff recreational program and campus day care.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Dec 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Student Activities & Organizations, Sue Pillow and taxes.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Oct 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Computer and Informational Services, Eula Monroe, WKU organization and Mike Wallace.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Aug 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Administrative Office Systems, faculty honors.


Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources Jun 1988

Ua28/1 The Personnel File, Wku Human Resources

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter published by WKU Human Resources for the faculty and staff. Includes articles about Steve Small, Cashier's Office and new employees.


What Did Unions Do In Nineteenth-Century Britain?, George R. Boyer Jun 1988

What Did Unions Do In Nineteenth-Century Britain?, George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

The article examines the development of the insurance function of trade unions. It analyzes how such policies worked, and why union benefit packages differed across occupations. It also addresses the impact of insurance policies on union organization. Insurance benefits increased the ability of unions to attract and retain members. They did not, however, significantly increase the power of union leaders relative to employers or union rank and file.