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2002

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Articles 1 - 30 of 52

Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

Arbitration Of Employment-Discrimination Lawsuits: Legalities, Practicalities, And Realities, David Sherwyn Dec 2002

Arbitration Of Employment-Discrimination Lawsuits: Legalities, Practicalities, And Realities, David Sherwyn

Articles and Chapters

Arbitration agreements can be an effective, cost-effective way to settle employment disputes-but not all courts agree about what constitutes an enforceable contract.


From Paper To Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements For Supported Employment Of People With Disabilities, Deborah Metzel, Susan M. Foley, John Butterworth Dec 2002

From Paper To Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements For Supported Employment Of People With Disabilities, Deborah Metzel, Susan M. Foley, John Butterworth

All Institute for Community Inclusion Publications

Over the past decade there has been an increasing national emphasis on the participation of individuals with disabilities in the labor force. This concern was recognized through Executive Order No. 13078 signed by President Bill Clinton in March 1998, establishing the Presidential Task Force on Employment of Adults with Disabilities. The Task Force was charged with a mission "to create a coordinated and aggressive policy to bring adults with disabilities into gainful employment at a rate that is as close as possible to that of the general adult population" (Section 1 (c)). Legislation and policy changes have also been directed ...


The Relationship Between Early Recruitment-Related Activities And The Application Decisions Of New Labor-Market Entrants: A Brand Equity Approach To Recruitment, Christopher J. Collins, Cynthia Kay Stevens Dec 2002

The Relationship Between Early Recruitment-Related Activities And The Application Decisions Of New Labor-Market Entrants: A Brand Equity Approach To Recruitment, Christopher J. Collins, Cynthia Kay Stevens

Articles and Chapters

We used theory and research from the marketing literature on customer-based brand equity to predict how positive exposure to four early recruitment-related activities—publicity, sponsorships, word-of-mouth endorsements, and advertising—may affect the application decisions of engineering students. Similar to prior marketing findings, our results suggested that early recruitment-related activities were related to intentions and decisions indirectly through two dimensions of employer brand image: general attitudes toward the company and perceived job attributes. The relationships between word-of-mouth endorsements and the two dimensions of brand image were particularly strong. In addition, we found that early recruitment-related activities interacted with one another such ...


For Richer Or For Poorer? Evidence From Indonesia, South Africa, Spain, And Venezuela, Gary S. Fields, Paul L. Cichello, Samuel Freije, Marta Menéndez, David Newhouse Dec 2002

For Richer Or For Poorer? Evidence From Indonesia, South Africa, Spain, And Venezuela, Gary S. Fields, Paul L. Cichello, Samuel Freije, Marta Menéndez, David Newhouse

Articles and Chapters

We analyze household income dynamics using longitudinal data from Indonesia, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Spain and Venezuela. In all four countries, households with the lowest reported base-year income experienced the largest absolute income gains. This result is robust to reasonable amounts of measurement error in two of the countries. In three of the four countries, households with the lowest predicted base-year income experienced gains at least as large as their wealthier counterparts. Thus, with one exception, the empirical importance of cumulative advantage, poverty traps, and skill-biased technical change was no greater than structural or macroeconomic changes that favored initially poor households ...


Employee Preferences As A Factor In Pension Participation By Minority Workers, Yung-Ping Chen, Thomas D. Leavitt Nov 2002

Employee Preferences As A Factor In Pension Participation By Minority Workers, Yung-Ping Chen, Thomas D. Leavitt

Gerontology Institute Publications

This project was designed to shed light on the widening gap between white and minority pension coverage during recent years. The hypothesis under investigation is that the divergence in white/minority coverage may be due in part to differences in the rates at which white and minority workers are choosing to participate in voluntary salary reduction plans. The availability of such plans has increased explosively in the past decade or so.


Das Amerikanische Arbeitsrecht Aus Der Perspektive Historischer Und Zukünftiger Entwicklungen, Alexander Colvin, Katherine V. W. Stone Oct 2002

Das Amerikanische Arbeitsrecht Aus Der Perspektive Historischer Und Zukünftiger Entwicklungen, Alexander Colvin, Katherine V. W. Stone

Articles and Chapters

In den vergangenen 15 Jahren ließen sich im amerikanischen Kollektiv- und Individualarbeitsrecht sowohl eine Fortsetzung der früheren Trends als auch die Entstehung neuer Themenfelder beobachten.Das System des kollektiven Arbeitsrechts, das die gewerkschaftliche Interessenvertretung und die Beziehungen zwischen den Beschäftigten und dem Management regelt, hat sich in seiner grundlegenden, auf die Zeit der Great Depression und die Jahre unmittelbar nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg zurückgehenden Rechtsstruktur kaum verändert. Das amerikanische Individualarbeitsrecht hat dagegen mit der Einführung zusätzlicher individueller Arbeitnehmerrechte eine beträchtliche Dynamik entwickelt. Die Veränderungen in der Arbeitsorganisation und die Entwicklung neuer Formen von Arbeitsverträgen bedeuten eine zusätzliche Herausforderung für die ...


Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Maine, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko, Allison Cohen Hall Oct 2002

Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Maine, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko, Allison Cohen Hall

Case Studies Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

The implementation of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) requires major organizational change for employment and training agencies. The initiative emphasizes coordination, collaboration and communication among organizations for better service delivery. At this time, states are developing systems that will enable them to address the needs of all customers seeking employment. The Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) has conducted state case studies for two purposes: (1) to identify how states have begun the process of collaboration under the new mandates of WIA; and (2) to understand the impact on customers with disabilities. This is the third in a series of publications ...


Accounting For Income Inequality And Its Change: A New Method, With Application To The Distribution Of Earnings In The United States, Gary S. Fields Oct 2002

Accounting For Income Inequality And Its Change: A New Method, With Application To The Distribution Of Earnings In The United States, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper devises a new method for using the information contained in income-generating equations to "account for" or "decompose" the level of income inequality in a country and its change over time. In the levels decomposition, the shares attributed to each explanatory factor are independent of the particular inequality measure used. In the change decomposition, methods are presented to break down the contribution of each explanatory factor into a coefficients effect, a correlation effect, and a standard deviation effect. In an application to rising earnings inequality in the United States, it is found that schooling is the single most ...


Household Income Dynamics: A Four Country Story, Gary S. Fields, Paul L. Cichello, Samuel Freije, Marta Menéndez, David Newhouse Oct 2002

Household Income Dynamics: A Four Country Story, Gary S. Fields, Paul L. Cichello, Samuel Freije, Marta Menéndez, David Newhouse

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In this paper, we analyse the dynamics of household per capita incomes using longitudinal data from Indonesia, South Africa, Spain and Venezuela. We find that in all four countries reported initial income and job changes of the head are consistently the most important variables in accounting for income changes, overall and for initially poor households. We also find that changes in income are more important than changes in household size and that changes in labour earnings are more important than changes in other sources of household income.


Trade Union Growth And Decline In Asia, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Subesh Das, Hyunji Kwon, Soonwon Kwon Sep 2002

Trade Union Growth And Decline In Asia, Sarosh Kuruvilla, Subesh Das, Hyunji Kwon, Soonwon Kwon

Articles and Chapters

We examine trends in union density and union influence in several Asian countries. While we find considerable variation in union density across the countries in our sample, all of the labour movements in these countries experienced membership decline in the 1990s. Asian countries also varied on our union influence measure, although as a group, their scores were much lower than those of Western nations. We examine the pattern of union growth, decline, and influence in each country within the differing institutional context of unionism, using a “logics of action” framework. Based on our examination of how these institutional contexts are ...


[Review Of The Book Poverty And Welfare In England, 1700-1850: A Regional Perspective], George R. Boyer Sep 2002

[Review Of The Book Poverty And Welfare In England, 1700-1850: A Regional Perspective], George R. Boyer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The last decade has seen an upsurge in research by social historians on the English poor laws, largely in the form of local studies. These have greatly increased our knowledge of the demographic makeup of the "pauper host," the generosity of relief benefits, and the ways in which paupers combined poor relief with other forms of income assistance in order to subsist. In this book, Steven King uses "poor law and other documentation" for 60 English communities to extend our understanding of the role played by poor relief from 1700 to 1850. He argues that during this period there ...


New Estimates Of British Unemployment, 1870-1913, George R. Boyer, Timothy J. Hatton Sep 2002

New Estimates Of British Unemployment, 1870-1913, George R. Boyer, Timothy J. Hatton

Articles and Chapters

We present new estimates of the British industrial unemployment rate for 1870- 1913, which improve on the Board of Trade's prior estimates. We use similar sources, but our series includes additional industrial sectors, allows for short-time working, and aggregates the various sectors using appropriate labor-force weights from the census. The resulting index suggests a rate of industrial unemployment that was generally higher, but less volatile, than the board's index. We then adjust our series to an economywide basis, and construct a consistent time series of overall unemployment for 1870-1999.


Globalizíación, Class Actions Y Derecho De Trabajo, Antonio Ojeda Avilés, Lance A. Compa Aug 2002

Globalizíación, Class Actions Y Derecho De Trabajo, Antonio Ojeda Avilés, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] El objeto principal de este artículo consiste en analizar la larga experiencia acumulada al otro lado del Atlántico, en Estados Unidos, en material de demandas extraterritoriales contra empresas norteamericanas ya desde los años setenta. Realizaremos una síntesis de los rasgos característicos de las class actions en ese país, en primer lugar, seguida por una breve Mirada al context internacional del Derecho del trabajo y la jurisprudencia en EE.UU., de los efectos extraterritoriales del Derecho del trabajo estadounidense, en segundo término, y un análisis pormenorizado de tales litigious en Europa.


Interview With Clyde Harriman, Michael Hillard Jul 2002

Interview With Clyde Harriman, Michael Hillard

S.D. Warren Company

Harriman was a leader of the workers' successful unionization effort in the 1960s. He was Vice-President of the paper workers local for a few years before leaving the mill to work in the Portland, Maine post office.


Interview With Harry Foote, Michael Hillard Jul 2002

Interview With Harry Foote, Michael Hillard

S.D. Warren Company

Harry Foote was a labor beat reporter for the Portland Press Herald (and editor) from the 1930s through the 1960s. He bought Westbrook's local newspaper, which over time came to be called the American journal. He was astute observer of the character of the people of Westbrook in the context of S.D. Warren Company's dominance.


Interview With Robert Burton, Michael Hillard Jul 2002

Interview With Robert Burton, Michael Hillard

S.D. Warren Company

Burton worked for a few years as hourly worker, then spent most of his career as a foreman and supervisor at S.D. Warren from height of S.D. Warren days until era when Scott began layoffs and disrupted local management customs. A good interview to learn about how supervisors/managers did their work and issues they confronted. Burton gives a detailed description of how workers were "indulged" by top management, i.e., seldom fired or challenged in work effort and practices, and also how lower level managers were hurt and weakened by unionization.


Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Minnesota, Sheila Fesko, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Allison Cohen Hall Jul 2002

Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Minnesota, Sheila Fesko, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Allison Cohen Hall

Case Studies Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

The implementation of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) requires major organizational change for employment and training agencies. The initiative emphasizes coordination, collaboration and communication among organizations for better service delivery. At this time, states are developing systems that will enable them to address the needs of all customers seeking employment. The Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) has conducted state case studies for two purposes: (1) to identify how states have begun the process of collaboration under the new mandates of WIA; and (2) to understand the impact on customers with disabilities. This is the second in a series of publications ...


Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Kentucky, Allison Cohen Hall, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko Jul 2002

Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Kentucky, Allison Cohen Hall, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko

Case Studies Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

The implementation of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) requires major organizational change for employment and training agencies. The initiative emphasizes coordination, collaboration and communication among organizations for better service delivery. At this time, states are developing systems that will enable them to address the needs of all customers seeking employment. The Institute for Community Inclusaion (ICI) has conducted state case studies for two purposes: (1) to identify how states have begun the process of collaboration under the new mandates of WIA; and (2) to understand the impact on customers with disabilities. This is the first in a series of publications ...


Managerial Pay And Governance In American Nonprofits, Kevin F. Hallock Jul 2002

Managerial Pay And Governance In American Nonprofits, Kevin F. Hallock

Articles and Chapters

This article examines the compensation of top managers of nonprofits in the United States using panel data from tax returns of the organizations from 1992 to 1996. Studying managers in nonprofits is particularly interesting given the difficulty in measuring performance. The article examines many areas commonly studied in the executive pay (within for-profit firms) literature. It explores pay differences between for-profit and nonprofit firms, pay variability within and across nonprofit industries, managerial pay and performance (including organization size and fund raising) in nonprofits, the effect of government grants on managerial pay, and the relationship between boards of directors and managerial ...


Locust Valley Central School District And Locust Valley School Employees Association (2002) Jul 2002

Locust Valley Central School District And Locust Valley School Employees Association (2002)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


Interview With Joe Jensen, Michael Hillard Jun 2002

Interview With Joe Jensen, Michael Hillard

S.D. Warren Company

Jensen was a member of the in-plant organizing team for what would become United Paperworkers International Union Local 1069 at the S.D.Warren mill in Westbrook, Maine. He worked at S.D. Warren from 1960 until 1997.


The Value In Participation, Susan Woods, Bob Rich May 2002

The Value In Participation, Susan Woods, Bob Rich

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Much has been written about the critical role of top organizational leadership in diversity change. Leadership must understand the nature of the change initiative, articulate its strategic significance, authorize resources, compel accountability, and model consistency. We like to recall a simple encounter at a company dinner dance. The company had just extended language in the non-discrimination policy to include sexual orientation and instituted domestic partner benefits. When the dancing began, one gay couple approached the dance floor. No other couples joined them until the company president led his wife onto the floor and began to dance as well. That ...


Measuring Morale In A Municipal Law Enforcement Agency: A Multidimensional Approach, Thomas J. Roth May 2002

Measuring Morale In A Municipal Law Enforcement Agency: A Multidimensional Approach, Thomas J. Roth

Muskie School Capstones

Administrators of both public and private sector firms are charged with the effective management of their respective agencies. Effective management includes not only striving to fulfil the goals of the organization toward the external client, it includes proper management of employees, a vital resource to any organization. Likewise, police administrators are bound by duty to not only uphold the laws within their jurisdiction, they are also responsible for maintaining a desirable work environment for their employees. Because a police agency's effectiveness is largely based on the combined total of the knowledge, skill and abilities of all its individual officers ...


A Human Rights Problem On Campus, Lance A. Compa Apr 2002

A Human Rights Problem On Campus, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Standing for tolerance, diversity, and dialogue in an otherwise "my-way" society, Yale, Brown, UMass and Columbia should lake the lead in honoring workers' rights, not frustrating them: in reversing violations of labor rights, not reversing government/action that protects workers. When many U.S. universities call for human rights and labor rights for workers in foreign countries producing goods with (he school's logo, they should show equal concern for the rights of their own employees.


Pursuing International Labour Rights In U.S. Courts: New Uses For Old Tools, Lance A. Compa Apr 2002

Pursuing International Labour Rights In U.S. Courts: New Uses For Old Tools, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

Filing lawsuits in U.S. federal and state courts for workers’ rights violations suffered by workers employed by American corporations abroad is one of several strategies for promoting labour rights. Other strategies include use of labour rights mechanisms in GSP laws, in regional trade agreements like NAFTA and Mercosur, in corporate codes of conduct, in the ILO and other venues. To succeed, such suits must first overcome the strong presumption against extraterritorial effect of U.S. law. Other jurisdictional hurdles like “inconvenient forum” also require caution in bringing suits. However, several cases using common law tort and contract theories as ...


Logics Of Action, Globalization, And Employment Relations Change In China, India, Malaysia, And The Philippines, Stephen Frenkel, Sarosh Kuruvilla Apr 2002

Logics Of Action, Globalization, And Employment Relations Change In China, India, Malaysia, And The Philippines, Stephen Frenkel, Sarosh Kuruvilla

Faculty Publications - Labor Relations, Law, and History

A logic of action framework is developed in order to conceptualize and understand the impact of globalization on employment relations, as well as to predict the future trajectory of employment relations. The argument is that the interplay between three different logics of action, i.e., the logic of competition, the logic of industrial peace, and the logic of employment-income protection determines the employment relations pattern in any given nation. The strengths of the logics themselves are determined by five often related factors, i.e., economic development strategy, the intensity of globalization, union strength, labor market features and government responsiveness to ...


The Viability Of Alternative Call Center Production Models, Rosemary Batt, Lisa Moynihan Apr 2002

The Viability Of Alternative Call Center Production Models, Rosemary Batt, Lisa Moynihan

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The central question of this paper is whether a mass customization strategy coupled with high involvement work practices is an economically viable model for service and sales call centers. If so, under what conditions and why? To answer these questions, in the next section, we describe alternative models of call center management. In section III, we present a conceptual framework for understanding the relationship between management practices, workers reactions to those practices, and performance outcomes. We then review empirical evidence on these relationships, focusing primarily on studies of call centers or related service workplaces. In section IV, we draw ...


Author’S Reply To Wheeler-Getman-Brody Papers, Lance A. Compa Mar 2002

Author’S Reply To Wheeler-Getman-Brody Papers, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The contributions of Hoyt Wheeler, Julius Getman and David Brody in the December issue of this journal give important insights into strengths and weaknesses of the Human Rights Watch Report on workers' rights in the United States. Stephen Wood, Sheldon Friedman and the editors are to be commended for advancing a debate on the Report's approach, findings and recommendations.

Each of these three major figures in American labour scholarship brings the power of decades of research and analysis on these issues. Together, their critiques stretch the Report backward and forward: back to unstated assumptions that underlie the Report ...


Heroes Of New York, Jeffrey Grabelsky Jan 2002

Heroes Of New York, Jeffrey Grabelsky

Articles and Chapters

No abstract provided.


Stochastic Dominance In Mobility Analysis, Gary S. Fields, Jesse B. Leary, Efe A. Ok Jan 2002

Stochastic Dominance In Mobility Analysis, Gary S. Fields, Jesse B. Leary, Efe A. Ok

Articles and Chapters

This paper introduces a technique for mobility dominance and compares the degree of earnings mobility of men in the USA from 1970 to 1995. The highest mobility is found in the 1975–1980 or 1980–1985 periods.