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Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes Under The National Labor Relations Act, James A. Gross Nov 2017

Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes Under The National Labor Relations Act, James A. Gross

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[Excerpt] This provocative book by the leading historian of the National Labor Relations Board offers a reexamination of the NLRB and the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) by applying internationally accepted human rights principles as standards for judgment. These new standards challenge every orthodoxy in U.S. labor law and labor relations. James A. Gross argues that the NLRA was and remains at its core a workers’ rights statute.

Gross shows how value clashes and choices between those who interpret the NLRA as a workers’ rights statute and those who contend that the NLRA seeks only a "balance" between the ...


An Introduction To U.S. Collective Bargaining And Labor Relations, Harry C. Katz, Alexander Colvin, Thomas A. Kochan Sep 2017

An Introduction To U.S. Collective Bargaining And Labor Relations, Harry C. Katz, Alexander Colvin, Thomas A. Kochan

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[Excerpt] This comprehensive textbook provides an introduction to collective bargaining and labor relations with a focus on developments in the United States. It is appropriate for students, policy analysts, and labor relations professionals including unionists, managers, and neutrals. A three-tiered strategic choice framework unifies the text, and the authors’ thorough grounding in labor history and labor law assists students in learning the basics. In addition to traditional labor relations, the authors address emerging forms of collective representation and movements that address income inequality in novel ways.

Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, and Alexander J. S. Colvin provide numerous contemporary ...


Building Power From Below: Chilean Workers Take On Walmart, Carolina Bank Muñoz Sep 2017

Building Power From Below: Chilean Workers Take On Walmart, Carolina Bank Muñoz

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[Excerpt] A story that involves as its main players "workers" and "Walmart" does not usually have a happy ending for labor, so the counternarrative offered by Building Power from Below is must reading for activists and union personnel as well as scholars. In 2008 Walmart acquired a controlling share in a large supermarket chain in Santiago, Chile. As part of the deal Walmart had to accept the unions that were already in place. Since then, Chilean retail and warehouse workers have done something that has seemed impossible for labor in the United States: they have organized even more successful unions ...


Shopping For Change: Consumer Activism And The Possibilities Of Purchasing Power, Louis Hyman, Joseph Tohill Jun 2017

Shopping For Change: Consumer Activism And The Possibilities Of Purchasing Power, Louis Hyman, Joseph Tohill

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[Excerpt] Consuming with a conscience is one of the fastest growing forms of political participation worldwide. Every day we make decisions about how to spend our money and, for the socially conscious, these decisions matter. Political consumers "buy green" for the environment or they "buy pink" to combat breast cancer. They boycott Taco Bell to support migrant workers or Burger King to save the rainforest.

But can we overcome the limitations of consumer identity, the conservative pull of consumer choice, co-optation by corporate marketers, and other pitfalls of consumer activism in order to marshal the possibilities of consumer power? Can ...


Unions And The City: Negotiating Urban Change, Ian Thomas Mcdonald Jun 2017

Unions And The City: Negotiating Urban Change, Ian Thomas Mcdonald

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[Excerpt] Labor unions remain the largest membership-based organizations in major North American cities, even after years of decline. Labor continues to play a vital role in mobilizing urban residents, shaping urban conflict, and crafting the policies and regulations that are transforming our urban spaces. As unions become more involved in the daily life of the city, they find themselves confronting the familiar dilemma of how to fold union priorities into broader campaigns that address nonunion workers and the lives of union members beyond the workplace. If we are right to believe that the future of the labor movement is an ...


The City Is The Factory: New Solidarities And Spatial Strategies In An Urban Age, Miriam Greenberg, Penny Lewis Apr 2017

The City Is The Factory: New Solidarities And Spatial Strategies In An Urban Age, Miriam Greenberg, Penny Lewis

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[Excerpt] Urban public spaces, from the streets and squares of Buenos Aires to Zuccotti Park in New York City, have become the emblematic sites of contentious politics in the twenty-first century. As the contributors to The City Is the Factory argue, this resurgent politics of the square is itself part of a broader shift in the primary locations and targets of popular protest from the workplace to the city. This shift is due to an array of intersecting developments: the concentration of people, profit, and social inequality in growing urban areas; the attacks on and precarity faced by unions and ...


I Am Not A Tractor! How Florida Farmworkers Took On The Fast Food Giants And Won, Susan L. Marquis Jan 2017

I Am Not A Tractor! How Florida Farmworkers Took On The Fast Food Giants And Won, Susan L. Marquis

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[Excerpt from jacket] I Am Not a Tractor! celebrates the courage, vision, and creativity of the farmworkers and community leaders who have transformed one of the worst agricultural situations in the United States into one of the best. Susan L. Marquis highlights past abuses workers in Florida's tomato fields: toxic pesticide exposure, beatings, sexual assault, rampant wage theft, and even, astonishingly, modern-day slavery. Marquis unveils how, even without new legislation, regulation, or government participation, these farmworkers have dramatically improved their work conditions.

Marquis credits this success to the immigrants from Mexico, Haiti, and Guatemala who formed the Coalition of ...


Achieving Access: Professional Movements And The Politics Of Health Universalism, Joseph Harris Jan 2017

Achieving Access: Professional Movements And The Politics Of Health Universalism, Joseph Harris

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[Excerpt] This book examines efforts to expand access to health care and AIDS medicine in Thailand, Brazil, and South Africa. Although these countries are geographi­cally far apart, they share many similarities as newly industrializing countries engaged in processes of democratic opening. Scholars have often suggested that expansionary social policy is the product of left-wing parties and labor unions or bottom-up people’s movements. From a strictly rational perspective, that these groups would be at the forefront of such change makes perfect sense. After all, expanding access to health care and medicine would seem to be in their interest, and ...


Informal Workers And Collective Action: A Global Perspective, Adrienne E. Eaton Ed., Susan J. Schurman Ed., Martha Chen Ed. Jan 2017

Informal Workers And Collective Action: A Global Perspective, Adrienne E. Eaton Ed., Susan J. Schurman Ed., Martha Chen Ed.

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[Excerpt] Around the world, in countries as far flung as Cambodia and Brazil and in industries as diverse as transportation and hospitality, workers in informal employment, who labor every day with no legal or social protection, are organizing and negotiating for better conditions. Some of them are self-employed; others work for wages in either formal or informal enterprises. Some used to have jobs in the formal sector with a union contract; others have always worked informally. To achieve their goals they are mounting collective action campaigns that draw on the repertoire of past generations of workers, but they often recombine ...


Anthropologies Of Unemployment: New Perspectives On Work And Its Absence, Jong Bum Kwon (Ed.), Carrie M. Lane (Ed.) Oct 2016

Anthropologies Of Unemployment: New Perspectives On Work And Its Absence, Jong Bum Kwon (Ed.), Carrie M. Lane (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] Anthropologies of Unemployment offers accessible, theoretically innovative, and ethnographically rich examinations of unemployment in rural and urban regions across North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The diversity of case studies demonstrates that unemployment is a pressing global phenomenon that sheds light on the uneven consequences of free-market ideologies and policies. Economic, social, and cultural marginalization is common in the lives of the unemployed, but their experience and interpretation are shaped by local and national cultural particularities. In exploring those differences, the contributors to this volume employ recent theoretical innovations and engage with some of the more salient ...


Hard Sell: Work And Resistance In Retail Chains, Peter Ikeler Sep 2016

Hard Sell: Work And Resistance In Retail Chains, Peter Ikeler

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[Excerpt] Along with fast-food workers, retail workers are capturing the attention of the public and the media with the Fight for $15. Like fast-food workers, retail workers are underpaid, and fewer than 5 percent of them belong to unions. In Hard Sell, Peter Ikeler traces the low-wage, largely nonunion character of U.S. retail through the history and ultimate failure of twentieth-century retail unionism. He asks pivotal questions about twenty-first-century capitalism: Does the nature of retail work make collective action unlikely? Can working conditions improve in the absence of a union? Is worker consciousness changing in ways that might encourage ...


The Worker Center Handbook: A Practical Guide To Starting And Building The New Labor Movement, Kim Bobo, Marien Casillas Pabellon Sep 2016

The Worker Center Handbook: A Practical Guide To Starting And Building The New Labor Movement, Kim Bobo, Marien Casillas Pabellon

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[Excerpt] Worker centers are becoming an important element in labor and community organizing and the struggle for fair pay and decent working conditions for low-wage workers, especially immigrants. There are currently more than two hundred worker centers in the country, and more start every month. Most of these centers struggle as they try to raise funds, maintain stable staff, and build a membership base. For this book, Kim Bobo and Marién Casillas Pabellón, two women with extensive experience supporting and leading worker centers, have interviewed staff at a broad range of worker centers with the goal of helping others understand ...


The Challenge To Change: Reforming Health Care On The Front Line In The United States And The United Kingdom, Rebecca Kolins Givan Sep 2016

The Challenge To Change: Reforming Health Care On The Front Line In The United States And The United Kingdom, Rebecca Kolins Givan

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[Excerpt] There is constant pressure on hospitals to improve health care delivery and increase cost effectiveness. New initiatives are the order of the day in the dramatically different health care systems of the United States and Great Britain. Often, as we know all too well, these efforts are not successful. In The Challenge to Change, Rebecca Kolins Givan analyzes the successes and failures of efforts to improve hospitals and explains what factors make it likely that the implementation of reforms will be rewarded by positive transformation in a particular institution's day-to-day operation. Givan's in-depth qualitative case studies of ...


Our Unions, Our Selves: The Rise Of Feminist Labor Unions In Japan, Anne Zacharias-Walsh Aug 2016

Our Unions, Our Selves: The Rise Of Feminist Labor Unions In Japan, Anne Zacharias-Walsh

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[Excerpt] In Our Unions, Our Selves, Anne Zacharias-Walsh provides an in-depth look at the rise of women-only unions in Japan, an organizational analysis of the challenges these new unions face in practice, and a firsthand account of the ambitious, occasionally contentious, and ultimately successful international solidarity project that helped to spark a new feminist labor movement.

In the early 1990s, as part of a larger wave of union reform efforts in Japan, women began creating their own women-only labor unions to confront long-standing gender inequality in the workplace and in traditional enterprise unions. These new unions soon discovered that the ...


Disability And Employer Practices: Research Across The Disciplines, Susanne M. Bruyere (Ed.) Jan 2016

Disability And Employer Practices: Research Across The Disciplines, Susanne M. Bruyere (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] This book has three related purposes:

  1. To raise the visibility of the critical issues surrounding equitable employment for people with disabilities, with a focus on workplace policies and practices.

  2. To provide evidence of the importance of applying the very best science available to address these issues across all facets of the problem.

  3. To illustrate how combining scientific efforts from the different disciplines to work closely on a common purpose, as well as the intimate involvement of key stakeholders, can provide extraordinary results that inform needed changes to policy and practice.


Labor Relations In A Globalizing World, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin Jan 2015

Labor Relations In A Globalizing World, Harry C. Katz, Thomas A. Kochan, Alexander Colvin

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[Excerpt] This book traces how labor, management, and governments acting as individuals or as groups have shaped and continue to shape the employment relationship. Employment is analyzed through the perspective of industrial relations, the interdisciplinary field of study that concentrates on individual workers and groups of workers, unions and other forms of collective representation, employers and their organizations, and the environment in which these parties interact.


The Origins Of Right To Work: Antilabor Democracy In Nineteenth-Century Chicago, Cedric De Leon Jan 2015

The Origins Of Right To Work: Antilabor Democracy In Nineteenth-Century Chicago, Cedric De Leon

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[Excerpt] “Right to work” states weaken collective bargaining rights and limit the ability of unions to effectively advocate on behalf of workers. As more and more states consider enacting right-to-work laws, observers trace the contemporary attack on organized labor to the 1980s and the Reagan era. In The Origins of Right to Work, however, Cedric de Leon contends that this antagonism began a century earlier with the Northern victory in the U.S. Civil War, when the political establishment revised the English common-law doctrine of conspiracy to equate collective bargaining with the enslavement of free white men.

In doing so ...


If We Can Win Here: The New Front Lines Of The Labor Movement, Fran Quigley Jan 2015

If We Can Win Here: The New Front Lines Of The Labor Movement, Fran Quigley

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[Excerpt] Do service-sector workers represent the future of the U.S. labor movement? Mid-twentieth-century union activism transformed manufacturing jobs from backbreaking, low-wage work into careers that allowed workers to buy homes and send their kids to college. Some union activists insist that there is no reason why service-sector workers cannot follow that same path. In If We Can Win Here, Fran Quigley tells the stories of janitors, fry cooks, and health care aides trying to fight their way to middle-class incomes in Indianapolis. He also chronicles the struggles of the union organizers with whom the workers have made common cause ...


Unknotting The Heart: Unemployment And Therapeutic Governance, Jie Yang Jan 2015

Unknotting The Heart: Unemployment And Therapeutic Governance, Jie Yang

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[Excerpt] Since the mid-1990s, as China has downsized and privatized its state-owned enterprises, severe unemployment has created a new class of urban poor and widespread social and psychological disorders. In Unknotting the Heart, Jie Yang examines this understudied group of workers and their experiences of being laid off, "counseled," and then reoriented to the market economy. Using fieldwork from reemployment programs, community psychosocial work, and psychotherapy training sessions in Beijing between 2002 and 2013, Yang highlights the role of psychology in state-led interventions to alleviate the effects of mass unemployment. She pays particular attention to those programs that train laid-off ...


A World Of Work: Imagined Manuals For Real Jobs, Ilana Gershon (Ed.) Jan 2015

A World Of Work: Imagined Manuals For Real Jobs, Ilana Gershon (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] Ever wondered what it would be like to be a street magician in Paris? A fish farmer in Norway? A costume designer in Bollywood? This playful and accessible look at different types of work around the world delivers a wealth of information and advice about a wide array of jobs and professions. The value of this book is twofold: For young people or middle-aged people who are undecided about their career paths and feel constrained in their choices, A World of Work offers an expansive vision. For ethnographers, this book offers an excellent example of using the practical details ...


Chinese Workers In Comparative Perspective, Anita Chan (Ed.) Jan 2015

Chinese Workers In Comparative Perspective, Anita Chan (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] As the “world’s factory” China exerts an enormous pressure on workers around the world. Many nations have had to adjust to a new global political and economic reality, and so has China. Its workers and its official trade union federation have had to contend with rapid changes in industrial relations. Anita Chan argues that Chinese labor is too often viewed from a prism of exceptionalism and too rarely examined comparatively, even though valuable insights can be derived by analyzing China’s workforce and labor relations side by side with the systems of other nations.

The contributors to Chinese ...


Working Through The Past: Labor And Authoritorian Legacies In Comparative Perspective, Teri L. Caraway (Ed.), Maria Lorena Cook (Ed.), Stephen Crowley (Ed.) Jan 2015

Working Through The Past: Labor And Authoritorian Legacies In Comparative Perspective, Teri L. Caraway (Ed.), Maria Lorena Cook (Ed.), Stephen Crowley (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] Democratization in the developing and post-communist world has yielded limited gains for labor. Explanations for this phenomenon have focused on the effect of economic crisis and globalization on the capacities of unions to become influential political actors and to secure policies that benefit their members. In contrast, the contributors to Working through the Past highlight the critical role that authoritarian legacies play in shaping labor politics in new democracies, providing the first cross-regional analysis of the impact of authoritarianism on labor, focusing on East and Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America.

Legacies from the predemocratic era shape labor ...


An Introduction To Labor Law, Michael Evan Gold Jan 2014

An Introduction To Labor Law, Michael Evan Gold

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[Excerpt] The purpose of this book is to introduce the reader to the federal law of unions and employers. This law is composed of two major elements. The first element is the National Labor Relations Act and the amendments to it. The second element is the decisions of the National Labor Relations Board and of the federal courts; these decisions interpret and apply the statutes.

The statutes are long and complex, and the decisions of the Labor Board and of the courts number in the hundreds of thousands. As a result, this book cannot cover all of the law. Only ...


New Labor In New York: Precarious Workers And The Future Of The Labor Movement, Ruth Milkman (Ed.), Ed Ott (Ed.) Jan 2014

New Labor In New York: Precarious Workers And The Future Of The Labor Movement, Ruth Milkman (Ed.), Ed Ott (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] This book includes thirteen case studies of recent efforts by both unions and worker centers to organize the unorganized in the New York City metropolitan area. Home to some of the first U.S. worker centers and to thirty-seven of the 214 that exist nationwide at this writing, New York has the single largest concentration of this new form of labor organizing.1 In recent years, as part 4 of this volume documents, New York also has become a launching pad for efforts to expand the scale of worker centers by building national organizations, such as the TWAOC. However ...


Labor Guide To Labor Law, Bruce S. Feldacker, Michael J. Hayes Jan 2014

Labor Guide To Labor Law, Bruce S. Feldacker, Michael J. Hayes

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[Excerpt] This book is a practical guide to labor law in the private sector. The first 8 chapters present a discussion of legal principles primarily based on the Labor Management Relations Act (LMRA), 1947, as amended, commonly referred to as the “Act.” The remaining chapters discuss principles based on the Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, as well as on the LMRA.


Watch Your Back! How The Back Pain Industry Is Costing Us More And Giving Us Less - And What You Can Do To Inform And Empower Yourself In Seeking Treatment, Richard A. Deyo Md Jan 2014

Watch Your Back! How The Back Pain Industry Is Costing Us More And Giving Us Less - And What You Can Do To Inform And Empower Yourself In Seeking Treatment, Richard A. Deyo Md

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[Excerpt] This book considers what we know about treatments for back pain and asks a number of critical questions.

Are some of the most popular treatments really effective? Do they “cure” or even improve the problems they claim to address? If some back pain treatments are ineffective or even harmful, why do patients clamor for them and doctors provide them?

Who benefits from the vast back pain industry that’s developed over the past thirty years? Is it patients? Or the doctors, hospitals, and man­ufacturers that produce the technology of back pain therapy?

What does all this say about ...


Songs Of The Factory: Pop Music, Culture, And Resistance, Marek Korczynski Jan 2014

Songs Of The Factory: Pop Music, Culture, And Resistance, Marek Korczynski

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Having made the case for an ethnographic study of how workers hear and use music, I now turn to connect the topic to bigger questions within industrial sociology, musicology, and cultural studies—questions regarding the nature of popular music in contemporary society, and questions regarding the links between workplace cultures and workplace resistance. In examining these questions, I use Small’s (1998) term “musicking” to denote social practices that involve music. For Small, whenever we are playing music, singing, listening to it, dancing to it, or writing it, we are musicking. Despite the broadness of this concept, so far most ...


Collaborative Caring: Stories And Reflections On Teamwork In Health Care, Suzanne Gordon (Ed.), David L. Feldman (Ed.) Md, Michael Leonard (Ed.) Md Jan 2014

Collaborative Caring: Stories And Reflections On Teamwork In Health Care, Suzanne Gordon (Ed.), David L. Feldman (Ed.) Md, Michael Leonard (Ed.) Md

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[Excerpt] There are many theoretical and conceptual books and countless articles that have explored issues of teamwork in general and teamwork in health care in particular. The editors, and many of the authors in this book, have read most, and have even written some of them. To tackle the issue of teamwork, we have, however, taken a different approach. Rather than write a theoretical book about what teamwork is, what it is not, where it exists in health care, what barriers prevent its implementation and how they can be removed, we have chosen instead to address these questions through narratives ...


Class Lives: Stories From Across Our Economic Divide, Chuck Collins (Ed.), Jennifer Ladd (Ed.), Maynard Seider (Ed.), Felice Yeskel (Ed.) Jan 2014

Class Lives: Stories From Across Our Economic Divide, Chuck Collins (Ed.), Jennifer Ladd (Ed.), Maynard Seider (Ed.), Felice Yeskel (Ed.)

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[Excerpt] Class is the last great taboo in the United States. It is, according to Noam Chomsky, “the unmentionable five-letter word.” Even in this period of growing economic inequality, we hardly ever talk about class. We hear daily, in the mainstream media, about unemployment, bailouts, proposed tax cuts or tax hikes, Congress regulating one industry and deregulating another, budget cuts, recession, recovery, roller-coaster markets, CEO bonuses, and more. Given all the attention to economics, it is interesting that talk about social class has been so skimpy.

Sometimes I think of class as our collective, national family secret. And, as any ...


Holding The Shop Together: German Industrial Relations In The Postwar Era, Stephen J. Silva Jan 2013

Holding The Shop Together: German Industrial Relations In The Postwar Era, Stephen J. Silva

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[Excerpt] Since the onset of the global financial crisis in late 2008 there has been a boom in positive assessments of the German economy. Little wonder. Remarkably, Germany has managed to bring down unemployment to more than one percentage point below the precrisis level and to maintain a current account surplus equivalent to 5 percent of its gross domestic product. This is not the first time that Germany's stock has ridden high. German economic institutions received praise for the "economic miracle" of the late 1950s and early 1960s, the "model Germany" economy that weathered the oil shocks comparatively well ...