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Full-Text Articles in Labor Relations

From Paper To Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements For Supported Employment Of People With Disabilities, Deborah Metzel, Susan M. Foley, John Butterworth Dec 2002

From Paper To Action: State-Level Interagency Agreements For Supported Employment Of People With Disabilities, Deborah Metzel, Susan M. Foley, John Butterworth

All Institute for Community Inclusion Publications

Over the past decade there has been an increasing national emphasis on the participation of individuals with disabilities in the labor force. This concern was recognized through Executive Order No. 13078 signed by President Bill Clinton in March 1998, establishing the Presidential Task Force on Employment of Adults with Disabilities. The Task Force was charged with a mission "to create a coordinated and aggressive policy to bring adults with disabilities into gainful employment at a rate that is as close as possible to that of the general adult population" (Section 1 (c)). Legislation and policy changes have also been directed ...


Employee Preferences As A Factor In Pension Participation By Minority Workers, Yung-Ping Chen, Thomas D. Leavitt Nov 2002

Employee Preferences As A Factor In Pension Participation By Minority Workers, Yung-Ping Chen, Thomas D. Leavitt

Gerontology Institute Publications

This project was designed to shed light on the widening gap between white and minority pension coverage during recent years. The hypothesis under investigation is that the divergence in white/minority coverage may be due in part to differences in the rates at which white and minority workers are choosing to participate in voluntary salary reduction plans. The availability of such plans has increased explosively in the past decade or so.


Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Maine, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko, Allison Cohen Hall Oct 2002

Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Maine, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko, Allison Cohen Hall

Case Studies Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

The implementation of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) requires major organizational change for employment and training agencies. The initiative emphasizes coordination, collaboration and communication among organizations for better service delivery. At this time, states are developing systems that will enable them to address the needs of all customers seeking employment. The Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) has conducted state case studies for two purposes: (1) to identify how states have begun the process of collaboration under the new mandates of WIA; and (2) to understand the impact on customers with disabilities. This is the third in a series of publications ...


Accounting For Income Inequality And Its Change: A New Method, With Application To The Distribution Of Earnings In The United States, Gary S. Fields Oct 2002

Accounting For Income Inequality And Its Change: A New Method, With Application To The Distribution Of Earnings In The United States, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper devises a new method for using the information contained in income-generating equations to "account for" or "decompose" the level of income inequality in a country and its change over time. In the levels decomposition, the shares attributed to each explanatory factor are independent of the particular inequality measure used. In the change decomposition, methods are presented to break down the contribution of each explanatory factor into a coefficients effect, a correlation effect, and a standard deviation effect. In an application to rising earnings inequality in the United States, it is found that schooling is the single most ...


Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Minnesota, Sheila Fesko, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Allison Cohen Hall Jul 2002

Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Minnesota, Sheila Fesko, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Allison Cohen Hall

Case Studies Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

The implementation of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) requires major organizational change for employment and training agencies. The initiative emphasizes coordination, collaboration and communication among organizations for better service delivery. At this time, states are developing systems that will enable them to address the needs of all customers seeking employment. The Institute for Community Inclusion (ICI) has conducted state case studies for two purposes: (1) to identify how states have begun the process of collaboration under the new mandates of WIA; and (2) to understand the impact on customers with disabilities. This is the second in a series of publications ...


Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Kentucky, Allison Cohen Hall, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko Jul 2002

Case Studies On The Implementation Of The Workforce Investment Act: Spotlight On Kentucky, Allison Cohen Hall, Jaimie Ciulla Timmons, Sheila Fesko

Case Studies Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

The implementation of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) requires major organizational change for employment and training agencies. The initiative emphasizes coordination, collaboration and communication among organizations for better service delivery. At this time, states are developing systems that will enable them to address the needs of all customers seeking employment. The Institute for Community Inclusaion (ICI) has conducted state case studies for two purposes: (1) to identify how states have begun the process of collaboration under the new mandates of WIA; and (2) to understand the impact on customers with disabilities. This is the first in a series of publications ...


Public Sector Initiatives For Aboriginal Small Business Development In Tourism, Jeremy Buultjens, Iain Waller, Sasha Graham, Dean B. Carson Jan 2002

Public Sector Initiatives For Aboriginal Small Business Development In Tourism, Jeremy Buultjens, Iain Waller, Sasha Graham, Dean B. Carson

Southern Cross Business School

Indigenous Australians are disadvantaged when it comes to employment opportunities (Norris 2001). This situation has not improved despite many years of specific programs designed to address this issue (Taylor & Altman 1997, Norris 2001). While the most successful attempt to increase Indigenous employment appears to have been through the use of Community Development Employment Programs [CDEP], the predominance of the philosophy of fitting Indigenous people into non- Indigenous approaches to the problem remains (Norris 2001). The current perspective applied by Governments at both a State and Federal level sees tourism, especially in regional communities, but also in urban areas, as a potential panacea for many Indigenous communities. Aboriginal Tourism Australia [ATA] has identified the development of entrepreneurship and capacity building amongst Indigenous tourism businesses and the Indigenous workforce in the tourism industry as a key area of concern. In addition, access to start up and developmental capital is also very important to the sustainability of Indigenous tourism ventures (Finalyson and Madden, 1995). Therefore, the capacity to implement organisational objectives and the capacity to source funds for product development has formed the basis of this enquiry (Fiszbein 1997). Our inquiry is not an examination of the effectiveness of the programs discussed, and makes no comment regarding the results they produce or the processes they contain. Rather, we are examining the current (as of March, 2002) range of public sector initiatives for assisting in the development of Indigenous tourism products to determine if there are gaps in the provision of services in the process. A number of public sector initiatives have been developed that are intended to stimulate Indigenous participation in tourism, not only through funding for product development, but through: promotion initiatives; infrastructure development; training and skills development; and coordination of public sector resources. This paper concentrates on funding and other assistance packages provided by the Federal and State governments that are available to Indigenous groups and individuals interested in establishing or expanding a tourism enterprise. It should be noted that our analysis did find several private organisations involved in this area, but our research focussed only on public sector programs. In particular ...