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Full-Text Articles in Business

Leadership Strategies: Developing Millennial Entrepreneurs For Start-Up Micro-Gyms, Esdeina Gonzalez May 2020

Leadership Strategies: Developing Millennial Entrepreneurs For Start-Up Micro-Gyms, Esdeina Gonzalez

Leadership Education Capstones

The purpose for this study is to explore the experiences of small business owner’s best practice strategies leading to successful business operations. Learning about these experiences will permit the millennial generation to understand what is needed for their business to start up their micro-gym. This study may be used as an introduction to millennial entrepreneurs for the survival of their own micro-gym setting a priority of importance in leadership development since research have explored the lack of development in the leadership area.


The Decline Of American Entrepreneurship: An Analysis Of Causes Of Macro Market Trends And A Changing American Economic System, Owen Flomberg May 2020

The Decline Of American Entrepreneurship: An Analysis Of Causes Of Macro Market Trends And A Changing American Economic System, Owen Flomberg

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


A Dynamic Account Of Self-Efficacy In Entrepreneurship, Michael M. Gielnik, Ronald Bledow, Miriam S. Stark May 2020

A Dynamic Account Of Self-Efficacy In Entrepreneurship, Michael M. Gielnik, Ronald Bledow, Miriam S. Stark

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

We present a dynamic account of self-efficacy in entrepreneurship that integrates social–cognitive and control theory. According to our dynamic account, variability in self-efficacy energizes action because it involves self-motivation and discrepancy perception as competing motivational processes. We argue that variability and the average level in self-efficacy nascent entrepreneurs display over time support the enactment of entrepreneurial intentions and predict business ownership. The proposed positive effect of variability further implies an inverted u-shaped relationship between self-efficacy at a single point in time and business ownership. To test these hypotheses, we repeatedly assessed entrepreneurial self-efficacy of nascent African entrepreneurs during a ...


Understanding Entrepreneurial Marketing Through Customer Orientation Of Hispanic And Black Business Owners, Linda Golden, Robert A. Peterson Feb 2020

Understanding Entrepreneurial Marketing Through Customer Orientation Of Hispanic And Black Business Owners, Linda Golden, Robert A. Peterson

Atlantic Marketing Association Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Uber, Jeffrey S. Harrison, Bryant Holden, Kelli Mckenna, Scott Mcquiddy, Alex Wiles Feb 2020

Uber, Jeffrey S. Harrison, Bryant Holden, Kelli Mckenna, Scott Mcquiddy, Alex Wiles

Robins Case Network

Uber focuses primarily on the ride-hailing industry, which puts the company in direct competition with regular taxis. The company is like a lot of tech-driven, fast growing entrepreneurial firms in that it still struggles for profitability. Also, the popularity of this new form of transportation has put the company and its close competitors, such as Lyft, in the spotlight of government lawmakers and regulators. If they classify Uber drivers as employees rather than independent contractors, it could dramatically alter the Uber business model. This case is written in the aftermath of the ouster of one of the company’s co-founders ...


How Can Open Educational Resources Be Used In Teaching Business Courses In Community Colleges? – A Case Of Bronx Community College, Harini Mittal, Neil Hwang, Emakoji Ayikoye Jan 2020

How Can Open Educational Resources Be Used In Teaching Business Courses In Community Colleges? – A Case Of Bronx Community College, Harini Mittal, Neil Hwang, Emakoji Ayikoye

Publications and Research

There are a growing number of Open Educational Resources (OER) available worldwide to teach a wide range of courses at various learning levels. Hyler (2006) has listed motives for OER initiatives for institutions such as right to education for all, sharing of knowledge as basis of academics, leveraging tax payer’s money for the common good, better use of resources by reducing costs, good public relations tool, diversity in business models. As for individuals, the motives are access to the best possible resources and to have more flexible materials. Individuals are not motivated by altruistic ambitions, such as assisting developing ...


Thinking And Designing With Design Thinking, Ahmet Can Ozcan, Yasuko Takayama Jan 2020

Thinking And Designing With Design Thinking, Ahmet Can Ozcan, Yasuko Takayama

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

Design Thinking is a popular phrase especially for the last ten years penetrating into the discourse of management and design, business and academia in many ways. The contributions in the form of articles, commentaries and reviews in this MGDR Design Thinking Special Issue show us the examples, how and where we can use Design Thinking especially as an integral part of the design process. The area of design is expanding in diverse ways lately and sometimes it is causing the confusion such as Design Thinking is either a magical design tool, or another buzzword destined to go extinct after inevitable ...


A Business Plan For The Fitzgerald Institute, Elaine M. King, Matthew G. Deibel, Matthew J. Bulgrin, Alex Skeen, Stephanie N. Kieke Jan 2020

A Business Plan For The Fitzgerald Institute, Elaine M. King, Matthew G. Deibel, Matthew J. Bulgrin, Alex Skeen, Stephanie N. Kieke

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

This piece seeks to develop a business strategy for the University of Akron's Fitzgerald Institute for Entrepreneurship. The recommendations given were developed utilizing research on entrepreneurial education and the desires of students at the university.


Risky Business: Assessing The Feasibility Of Cross-Border Venture Capital Investments In Conflict Zones, Kasra Khadem Jan 2020

Risky Business: Assessing The Feasibility Of Cross-Border Venture Capital Investments In Conflict Zones, Kasra Khadem

Wharton Research Scholars

As venture capital expands in relevance and influence, investors will begin to face inevitable challenges when deciding where and how to allocate VC funding. Though substantial research has been done to evaluate the myriad financial structures of venture capital, the literature on cross-border VC and its applications are quite limited. This paper will assess the barriers to cross-border VC investments into conflict zones, aiming to understand the feasibility of such investments under the modern VC paradigm. Common barriers will be tested against interviews with a range of venture capital investors to understand the relative importance of these barriers and the ...


Inflection Vs. Continuation: A Discussion Of Data Centralization In Startups, Corey Parker Jan 2020

Inflection Vs. Continuation: A Discussion Of Data Centralization In Startups, Corey Parker

Joseph Wharton Scholars

This paper delves into the pursuit to introduce data centralization methods to small-scale firms and startups. This is done by teaching the founders skills and methods in Excel while tailoring the outputs to their specific industry and customer segments. Throughout this consulting-like process, I recorded each firm’s ability to understand my methods and the relative likelihood for adoption post-consulting. This study has found that the likelihood for adoption lies not in the complexity of the model, but the stage of the startup. By understanding this key difference, this paper aims to provide a blueprint for firms to follow when ...


Bidding Strategies For Winning Construction Bids In South Africa, Momoh Vandi Jan 2020

Bidding Strategies For Winning Construction Bids In South Africa, Momoh Vandi

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The failure of small business managers to understand various bidding strategies leads to losing construction bids. The lack of management skills, limited access to markets, weak customer relationships, lack of appropriate technology, and government bureaucracy are problems small business managers face when preparing to bid for construction contracts. The purpose of this qualitative multiple case study was to explore bidding strategies small and medium enterprise business managers use to win construction bids. The participants comprised 5 business owners of small- and medium-sized construction enterprises in Johannesburg, South Africa. The conceptual framework was the theory of constraints. Data were collected using ...


Strategies For Sustaining Minority-Owned Small Businesses, Taha Seid Jan 2020

Strategies For Sustaining Minority-Owned Small Businesses, Taha Seid

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Minority small businesses play a significant role in the development of the United States economy. Minority small business owners who do not implement successful and sustainable strategies are at a high risk of failure. Grounded in entrepreneurship theory, the purpose of this qualitative multiple case study was to explore strategies that minority small business owners used to sustain their business beyond 5 years of beginning operations. The participants included 3 minority small business owners in Alexandria, Virginia, who have been in business for 5 years. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews, field notes, company websites, and financial, marketing, strategy, and ...


Collaborative Entrepreneurship And Building Small Business Communities In The Nigerian Fashion Design Industry, Damilola T. Fasinu Jan 2020

Collaborative Entrepreneurship And Building Small Business Communities In The Nigerian Fashion Design Industry, Damilola T. Fasinu

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

A critical part of being an entrepreneur is the ability to work with others. Researchers who explore entrepreneurship acknowledge collaboration and information sharing as key as more obvious skills such as opportunity recognition and determination. Collaboration allows a firm to be entrepreneurial and constantly innovative by exploring new markets. Continuous innovation and market exploration are the foundation of collaboration. Entrepreneurship is a critical factor in the growth of developing countries, as it enables a country to grow economically and encourages sustainable business activity. Therefore, this study explores the collaborative entrepreneurship of communities of some small businesses in Nigeria for their ...


The Effect Of Culture On Entrepreneurial Networks, Lauren Kim Jan 2020

The Effect Of Culture On Entrepreneurial Networks, Lauren Kim

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Networking is an important aspect of business. For entrepreneurs in particular, the strength of a network could offer important resources and opportunities through both close and distant contacts, which are known in network theory as strong and weak ties. This thesis analyzes the impact of entrepreneurs’ network tie strength on firm performance by analyzing networks in different countries through a correlational meta-analysis. The moderating factor of culture was analyzed to understand the impact of how individualistic and collectivist cultures affect network tie strength. Through analyzing 23 different primary studies (N=4041) from various individualistic and collectivist countries, the meta-analysis determined ...


Co-Operative Education And Work-Integrated Learning (Cewil) Research Matters, Matthew Rempel Jan 2020

Co-Operative Education And Work-Integrated Learning (Cewil) Research Matters, Matthew Rempel

Publications and Scholarship

Matthew Rempel examines the article An emerging ecosystem for student start-ups (2017) by Wright, Siegel, and Mustar giving insight as to what he has gained from reading the article and how the results of this work impacts his job.


Economic Engagement, Development, And Entrepreneurship: The Role Of Applied Public Service Colleges, Jason Jolley, Gilbert Michaud Dec 2019

Economic Engagement, Development, And Entrepreneurship: The Role Of Applied Public Service Colleges, Jason Jolley, Gilbert Michaud

eJournal of Public Affairs

This paper investigates the unique role of applied public service colleges in engaging with communities through economic development and entrepreneurship-related activities. Schools of public administration, affairs, and service are often distinctively tasked with being public facing, and connecting and working with outside agencies, nonprofits, and other stakeholders. Using a case study of Ohio University’s Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs, we discuss the emerging engagement role of these types of schools through a typology of strategies brought forth by the Association of Public and Land Grant Universities. We outline seven specific programs run by the Voinovich School, and ...


Specific Organizational And Economic Aspects Of The Development Of Pilgrimage Tourism In Uzbekistan, Anvar Xudoyarov Phd Dec 2019

Specific Organizational And Economic Aspects Of The Development Of Pilgrimage Tourism In Uzbekistan, Anvar Xudoyarov Phd

The Light of Islam

In the context of global economic innovation, it is important to study the methodological and practical aspects of this problem from the point of view of identifying trends and characteristics of pilgrimage tourism and improving the organizational and economic mechanism of its effective development. In our country, the government must create all the necessary conditions for the formation and effective functioning of the tourism industry, in particular tourism pilgrimages, also create a regulatory framework and take appropriate measures for the development and development of certain types of tourism. This will stimulate the development of tourism by creating an environment of ...


Features Of Formation Of The Competitive Environment In Small Business In The Conditions Of Development Of Innovative Economy, Rano Sadikova Phd Dec 2019

Features Of Formation Of The Competitive Environment In Small Business In The Conditions Of Development Of Innovative Economy, Rano Sadikova Phd

The Light of Islam

In a market economy, small business is the leading sector that determines the rate of economic growth, the composition and quality of the gross national product. The development and expansion of the sphere of production and services of small businesses in the Republic will eventually lead to an increase in employment and the development of the country’s economy as a whole.

Further enhancement of the role of small business in the national economy and further improvement of its participation in economic growth largely depends on the state of the competitive environment in this area. It is connected with creation ...


The High Rise Storage System, Justin H. Harmon Dec 2019

The High Rise Storage System, Justin H. Harmon

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


Entrepreneurship As Boundary Object: Toward Reintegration Of Colombia’S Ex-Militants Into Civil Society, Andres Barrios Fajardo, Clifford J. Shultz, Juan Carlos Montes Joya Dec 2019

Entrepreneurship As Boundary Object: Toward Reintegration Of Colombia’S Ex-Militants Into Civil Society, Andres Barrios Fajardo, Clifford J. Shultz, Juan Carlos Montes Joya

School of Business: Faculty Publications and Other Works

War and other violent conflicts greatly degrade a country’s economic, social, and marketing systems. In the aftermath of conflict, national and international organizations develop different strategies, such as business development, aimed at the reconstruction of these systems. This article draws on boundary theory to frame the way in which entrepreneurship can help ex-militants to discard war-activities and to reintegrate peacefully and productively into a peace-time economy. An interpretive study examining the life-narratives of former militants of illegal groups involved in Colombia’s armed conflict – the world’s longest, lasting 52 years – regarding their business start-ups was designed and administered ...


Design As Entrepreneurship: Towards A Design-Specific Entrepreneurship Framework, Con Kennedy Nov 2019

Design As Entrepreneurship: Towards A Design-Specific Entrepreneurship Framework, Con Kennedy

Conference papers

Current thinking on entrepreneurship states there is no specific link between the entrepreneur and their enterprise. Design is an individual creative act; therefore, the practitioner is not separate from their idiosyncratic process. The Designer is the product offering. Designers form Design Enterprises, meaning that with this aspect of inseparability, the Design Entrepreneur is a different kind of entrepreneur than currently discussed. The literature on the topic discusses design as a creative output, not as entrepreneurship output. Like any enterprise, Design Enterprises must be profitable. There are many entrepreneurship processes, none of which seem to address the needs of the Design ...


Accelerator Drives Women Entrepreneurs' Success Oct 2019

Accelerator Drives Women Entrepreneurs' Success

Business Exchange

This article discusses how the Women in Entrepreneurship Institute in the Driehaus College of Business came to be and profiles several committee members, entrepreneurs in the program, curriculum and networking opportunities.


Women’S Pathways Through Entrepreneurship In The Tourism Industry, Cristina Figueroa-Domecq, Allan Williams, Albert Kimbu, Anna De Jong, Mónica Segovia-Pérez Oct 2019

Women’S Pathways Through Entrepreneurship In The Tourism Industry, Cristina Figueroa-Domecq, Allan Williams, Albert Kimbu, Anna De Jong, Mónica Segovia-Pérez

Critical Tourism Studies Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Connecting Labor Market Institutions, Corporate Demography, And Human Resource Management Practices, M. Diane Burton, Robert W. Fairlee, Donald Siegel Oct 2019

Connecting Labor Market Institutions, Corporate Demography, And Human Resource Management Practices, M. Diane Burton, Robert W. Fairlee, Donald Siegel

Articles and Chapters

With the growing attention to entrepreneurship as an engine of job creation and economic development, it is important for social scientists who are broadly interested in labor market and employment topics to focus attention on new firms and the policies and practices that surround them. The authors argue that the next generation of scholarship should pay particular attention to labor market institutions, the ecosystem of existing employers, and the human resource management practices that provide the strategic context for entrepreneurs and shape the career opportunities for workers. Remarkable variation occurs across space and time in the prevalence and performance of ...


Should Angel-Backed Start-Ups Reject Venture Capital?, Darian M. Ibrahim Sep 2019

Should Angel-Backed Start-Ups Reject Venture Capital?, Darian M. Ibrahim

Darian M. Ibrahim

The conventional wisdom is that entrepreneurs seek financing for their high-growth, high-risk start-up companies in a particular order. They begin with friends, family, and "bootstrapping" (e.g., credit card debt). Next they turn to angel investors, or accredited investors (and usually ex-entrepreneurs) who invest their own money in multiple, early-stage start-ups. Finally, after angel funds run dry, entrepreneurs seek funding from venture capitalists (VCs), whose deep pockets and connections lead the startup to an initial public offering (IPO) or sale to a larger company in the same industry (trade sale).

That conventional wisdom may have been the model for start-up ...


Law And Entrepreneurial Opportunities, D. Gordon Smith, Darian M. Ibrahim Sep 2019

Law And Entrepreneurial Opportunities, D. Gordon Smith, Darian M. Ibrahim

Darian M. Ibrahim

No abstract provided.


Financing The Next Silicon Valley, Darian M. Ibrahim Sep 2019

Financing The Next Silicon Valley, Darian M. Ibrahim

Darian M. Ibrahim

Silicon Valley’s success has led other regions to attempt their own high-tech transformations, yet most imitators have failed. Entrepreneurs may be in short supply in these “non-tech” regions, but some non-tech regions are home to high-quality entrepreneurs who relocate to Silicon Valley due to a lack of local financing for their start-ups. Non-tech regions must provide local finance to prevent entrepreneurial relocation and reap spillover benefits for their communities. This Article compares three possible sources of entrepreneurial finance—private venture capital, state-sponsored venture capital, and angel investor groups—and finds that angel groups have distinct advantages when it comes ...


Entrepreneurs On Horseback: Reflections On The Organization Of Law, Darian M. Ibrahim, D. Gordon Smith Sep 2019

Entrepreneurs On Horseback: Reflections On The Organization Of Law, Darian M. Ibrahim, D. Gordon Smith

Darian M. Ibrahim

“Law and entrepreneurship” is an emerging field of study. Skeptics might wonder whether law and entrepreneurship is a variant of that old canard, the Law of the Horse. In this Essay, we defend law and entrepreneurship against that charge and urge legal scholars to become even more engaged in the wide-ranging scholarly discourse regarding entrepreneurship. In making our case, we argue that research at the intersection of entrepreneurship and law is distinctive. In some instances, legal rules and practices are tailored to the entrepreneurial context, and in other instances, general rules of law find novel expression in the entrepreneurial context ...


Case Study: Tourism In Traditional Brazilian Quilombo Communities – From Theory Into Practice, Carolin Lusby, Thais Pinheiro Sep 2019

Case Study: Tourism In Traditional Brazilian Quilombo Communities – From Theory Into Practice, Carolin Lusby, Thais Pinheiro

Journal of Global Business Insights

This case study discusses an initiative to aid a traditional Quilombo community in the State of Rio de Janeiro through community-based tourism (CBT). Through the Young Leaders of Americas program, a US Department of State funded initiative, the authors worked together in Brazil and the United States to increase visibility, linkages and awareness of this CBT project. The paper highlights how research in the field influenced what specific steps would be taken in practice to increase the benefits of tourism for the community. CBT as a concept is briefly discussed, and a background of Quilombos in Brazil is given.


Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman Sep 2019

Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman

Economics Working Papers

A nonprofit community development financial institution and Extension collaborated to conduct a demonstration project to evaluate efficacy of Grameen peer-group microfinance methodology in addressing barriers faced by lowincome women entrepreneurs in a small metro area. Program performance metrics achieved by 284 low-income, culturally diverse, primarily women entrepreneurs over five years included: a loan repayment rate of 99+ percent, increased average client income, savings accumulation at a local bank, and increased opportunities to improve average credit scores. Client surveys indicated peer-group methods, program structure, incentives for individual behaviors and group responsibilities provided opportunity to develop confidence, leadership skills, and teamwork.