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Full-Text Articles in African American Studies

The Effects Of General Social Support And Social Support For Racial Discrimination On African American Women’S Well-Being, Asani H. Seawell, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell Feb 2014

The Effects Of General Social Support And Social Support For Racial Discrimination On African American Women’S Well-Being, Asani H. Seawell, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

The present longitudinal study examined the role of general and tailored social support in mitigating the deleterious impact of racial discrimination on depressive symptoms and optimism in a large sample of African American women. Participants were 590 African American women who completed measures assessing racial discrimination, general social support, tailored social support for racial discrimination, depressive symptoms, and optimism at two time points (2001-2002 and 2003-2004). Our results indicated that higher levels of general and tailored social support predicted optimism 1 year later; changes in both types of support also predicted changes in optimism over time. Although initial levels of ...


The Enduring Significance Of Racism: Discrimination And Delinquency Among Black American Youth, Monica J. Martin, Bill Mccarthy, Rand D. Conger, Frederick X. Gibbons, Ronald L. Simons, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Gene H. Brody Sep 2011

The Enduring Significance Of Racism: Discrimination And Delinquency Among Black American Youth, Monica J. Martin, Bill Mccarthy, Rand D. Conger, Frederick X. Gibbons, Ronald L. Simons, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Gene H. Brody

Psychology Publications

Prominent explanations of the overrepresentation of Black Americans in criminal justice statistics focus on the effects of neighborhood concentrated disadvantage, racial isolation, and social disorganization. We suggest that perceived personal discrimination is an important but frequently neglected complement to these factors. We test this hypothesis with longitudinal data on involvement in general and violent juvenile delinquency in a sample of Black youth from a variety of communities in 2 states. We examine the direct effects of concentrated disadvantage and racial isolation and the direct and mediating effects of social organization, support for violence, and personal discrimination. Consistent with our hypothesis ...


Neighborhood Context And Financial Strain As Predictors Of Marital Interaction And Marital Quality In African American Couples, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, W. Todd Abraham, Kelly A. Gardner, Janet N. Melby, Chalandra Bryant, Rand D. Conger Sep 2003

Neighborhood Context And Financial Strain As Predictors Of Marital Interaction And Marital Quality In African American Couples, Carolyn E. Cutrona, Daniel W. Russell, W. Todd Abraham, Kelly A. Gardner, Janet N. Melby, Chalandra Bryant, Rand D. Conger

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Demographic characteristics, family financial strain, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage, and state of residence were tested as predictors of observed warmth, hostility, and self–reported marital quality. Participants were 202 married African American couples who resided in a range of neighborhood contexts. Neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted lower warmth during marital interactions, as did residence in the rural south. Consistent with the family stress model (e.g., Conger & Elder, 1994), family financial strain predicted lower perceived marital quality. Unexpectedly, neighborhood–level economic disadvantage predicted higher marital quality. Social comparison processes and degree of exposure to racially based discrimination are considered as ...