Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

African American Studies Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2872 Full-Text Articles 1938 Authors 760931 Downloads 156 Institutions

All Articles in African American Studies

Faceted Search

2872 full-text articles. Page 1 of 67.

Participation, Culture And Identity: Engaging Young African-American Men In Hiv/Aids Prevention, Rene G. Boss-Victoria, Olugbemiga T. Ekundayo, Sia Nowrojee 2017 Morgan State University

Participation, Culture And Identity: Engaging Young African-American Men In Hiv/Aids Prevention, Rene G. Boss-Victoria, Olugbemiga T. Ekundayo, Sia Nowrojee

Challenge

Young African American men face particular risks and challenges related to HIV/AIDS. Properly engaged, they also provide an important resource for improving public health indicators within the Afri­can-American community. This paper puts forth an intervention that engaged young minority men and their advocates. The intervention used participatory research methods and an approach that acknowledged and addressed issues related to identity, culture, and spirituality in the design and the implementation. The planning and intervention methodologies, theoretical approaches, and practical activities are explained along with a survey on HIV and general health knowledge. Survey findings, conclusions, and implications for practitioners ...


The P.A.T.I.E.N.C.E Model: An Approach To Recruiting African American Fathers And Sons For Behavioral Research Studies, Pamela Denzmore, Colleen Dilorio, Frances McCarty 2017 Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University

The P.A.T.I.E.N.C.E Model: An Approach To Recruiting African American Fathers And Sons For Behavioral Research Studies, Pamela Denzmore, Colleen Dilorio, Frances Mccarty

Challenge

Interest in enrolling minority participants into clinical and behavioral studies has grown due in part to the National Institutes of Health requirement that minorities and women be considered for all studies sponsored by NI H. Although the number of minorities and women in clinical trials has increased in recent years, many researchers report challenges to enrolling them in behavioral research studies. The purpose of this article is to describe the P.A.T.I.E.N.C.E. model, a recruitment approach for improving African-American participation in research. The P.A.T.l.E.N.C.E. model is a ...


Children In French-Speaking Africa Immigrant Families: Assessing Health Disparities, Cultural Resources, And Health Services, Tshilemalema Mukenge, Ida R. Mukenge 2017 Morehouse College

Children In French-Speaking Africa Immigrant Families: Assessing Health Disparities, Cultural Resources, And Health Services, Tshilemalema Mukenge, Ida R. Mukenge

Challenge

Research on African Americans in the United States assumes a native population and greater cultural homogeneity than exists. African immigrants, especially those with limited English proficiency, seem to be an invisible minority in research initiatives. We chose to study African immigrants because it is necessary to understand the cultural resources and practices of this population if public policies and programs are to address effectively the problem of health dis­ parities. The present paper reports on a pilot study that focuses on the health and nutrition of children in French-speaking African immigrant families. We explored children's health implications of nutrition ...


After-School Programs: How They Affect Black Male Development And Education Progress, Reginald Clark, Alexes Harris, Walter Allen 2017 Clark and Associates

After-School Programs: How They Affect Black Male Development And Education Progress, Reginald Clark, Alexes Harris, Walter Allen

Challenge

In this study, we review research on after-school programs, activities, and arrangements that support Black youth's positive academic, social, and emotional development. We then analyze data collected from 28 after-school programs funded under the W. K. Kellogg African American men and boys Initiative. Numerous community based programs assist African-America n men and boys lead meaningful lives. Despite depressing statistics. most Black males lead productive, positive lives. This paper confirms that the massive failure and incarceration of Black males in American society is not inevitable. We present systematic evidence of alternative outcomes.


Challenge, Vol. 11, No. 2, Ida R. Mukenge 2017 Morehouse College

Challenge, Vol. 11, No. 2, Ida R. Mukenge

Challenge

This file is the full issue of Volume 11, No. 2.


A Note On The Effects Of Language On The Perception Of Racial Groups By Majority Group Members, Vernon G. Smith 2017 Indiana University Northwest

A Note On The Effects Of Language On The Perception Of Racial Groups By Majority Group Members, Vernon G. Smith

Challenge

Most educators have for some years recognized the importance of self-esteem and academic performance. Yet, few seem to correlate the self-esteem and academic performance to the use of words. As educators, on a daily basis, we must recognize the power of words to make a break our young. Furthermore, we must be vigilant in leading others who impact upon the child to recognize the same and encouraging them to make and not break our young.


Alcohol Use And Intimate Partner Violence In The City Of Omaha, Nebraska, Paula Kautt, William Wakefied 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Alcohol Use And Intimate Partner Violence In The City Of Omaha, Nebraska, Paula Kautt, William Wakefied

Challenge

Alcohol is a common factor in incidents of interpersonal violence. According to the World Health Organization and research in the United States, alcohol is involved in a significant portion of rapes, assaults, and homicides (Fagan, 1990:243).


Before The Rescue Squad Arrived: Community Sponsorship Of Exceptional African-American Children In Poor Communities, John H. Stanfield 2017 Morehouse College

Before The Rescue Squad Arrived: Community Sponsorship Of Exceptional African-American Children In Poor Communities, John H. Stanfield

Challenge

This paper presents the results of a small qualitative study of the social origins of black physicians from poor urban and southern communities. The study examines contextual factors in the communities of these high achievers that help to explain their great academic and professional success as young adults. We argue that it was the community that identified and nurtured these gifted children, thus making it possible for them to attend college and professional school. Within many communities there were indigenous traditions and resource that were mobilized for star students.


Fear Of Crime Among African-American Males In Two American Cities: A Multivariate Analysis, Keith D. Parker, Earl Wright II, Jennifer Wingren 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Fear Of Crime Among African-American Males In Two American Cities: A Multivariate Analysis, Keith D. Parker, Earl Wright Ii, Jennifer Wingren

Challenge

This study examined the distribution of fear of crime and the influence of selected predictor variables of fear of crime among African-American male residents of Atlanta, Georgia, and Washington, D.C. The sample consists of over 240 male participants between the ages of 15 and 99. An important anomaly was found: 73 percent of the Atlanta sample and 76 percent of the Washington sample do not view fear of crime as problematic in their communities. However, the other findings support existing research positing a relationship between fear of crime, age, marital status, and education.


Spatial Mismatch: A Third Generation Survey., Vincent Eagan 2017 Morehouse College

Spatial Mismatch: A Third Generation Survey., Vincent Eagan

Challenge

There are a number of competing hypotheses to explain the persistence of urban labor market problems for minority workers. These hypotheses can generally be classified into demand side and supply side explanations. Demand side explanations include discrimination, the decline in demand for unskilled workers, and the lack of jobs for inner city workers. Job unavailability is generally attributed to deindustrialization, occupational bifurcation (skills mismatch). This survey examines the recent literature on the spatial mismatch hypothesis, a research agenda that has generated a considerable level of empirical work for explaining the persistent problems of black workers.


The Hegemonic Struggle And Domination In Black Greek-Letter Fraternities., Ricky L. Jones 2017 Morehouse College

The Hegemonic Struggle And Domination In Black Greek-Letter Fraternities., Ricky L. Jones

Challenge

Hazing in black Greek-letter fraternities (BGFs) on the campuses of colleges and universities has been attacked by BGF national efforts, the practice persists and shows few signs of subsiding. Problems in studying hazing continue partly because scopes of inquiry are hazing alive are never engaged. One problem is that too little attention is paid to the historical roots of the organizations' initiation rituals (Jones, 1997).


Challenge Winter/Spring 1999, Obie Clayton 2017 Morehouse College

Challenge Winter/Spring 1999, Obie Clayton

Challenge

This file is the full issue of Volume 10, No.1.


Workforce 2000, Silver Bullet Or Dud: Job Structure Changes And Economic Prospects For Black Males In The 1990s, Ronald B. Mincy 2017 Morehouse College

Workforce 2000, Silver Bullet Or Dud: Job Structure Changes And Economic Prospects For Black Males In The 1990s, Ronald B. Mincy

Challenge

Workforce 2000 (Johnston and Packer, 1987). a widely circulated study supported by the U.S. Department of Labor, was greeted with vastly different responses. Most Americans. Especially in the business community, bemoaned the substantial "s kills mismatch" predicted by this study. By contrast, the black and Hispanic communities greeted the report with enthusiasm because the report suggested that America could no longer afford 10 waste its human resources.

According to the report, thirty percent of the new jobs created by the year 2000 will require workers with a four year college degree. Further, blacks, Hispanics, and other "non-traditional” workers will ...


The Educational Experiences Of Black Males: The Early Years., Antoine M. Garibaldi 2017 Morehouse College

The Educational Experiences Of Black Males: The Early Years., Antoine M. Garibaldi

Challenge

While our nation's cities and communities are experiencing numerous problems such as high unemployment, low educational achievement, increasing levels of crime and rampant drug cultures, one segment of the population in this country is being disproportionately affected by these negative circumstances. That group of individuals is young black men. Their current condition has been poignantly portrayed in the media and their future is being characterized by pejorative modifiers such as "disappearing," "endangered," and "vanishing." But no matter how appalling and gloomy the situation is and may seem, there are viable solutions which can bring about the gradual resolution of ...


Challenge, Vol. 2, No. 1, Rousseau Mukenge 2017 Morehouse College

Challenge, Vol. 2, No. 1, Rousseau Mukenge

Challenge

This file is the full issue of Volume 2, No. 1.


Racial Patterns In How School And Teacher Quality Affect Achievement And Earnings., Ronald F. Ferguson 2017 Morehouse College

Racial Patterns In How School And Teacher Quality Affect Achievement And Earnings., Ronald F. Ferguson

Challenge

The study shows that where the percentage of black and Hispanic children in a Texas school district is higher, the average score on the TECAT is typically lower for each race of teachers...black, Hispanic and white. The fact that teachers in Texas who instruct children of color tend to have weaker language skills appears, other things equal, to account for more than one quarter of the reading and math score differential between black and white children in Texas, and about 20 percent of the gap between Hispanics and white.


Pathways To Violence: Focus On The African American Male, Ruth E. Dennis 2017 Morehouse College

Pathways To Violence: Focus On The African American Male, Ruth E. Dennis

Challenge

Throughout the ages, interpersonal violence has been a characteristic of human beings. Trying to understand the causes and prevention of this behavior remains problematic because violence is a very complex social phenomenon. One definition of is the National Commission of the Causes and Prevention of Violence: "The overtly threatened or application of force which results in injury or destruction" (Violence in America, 1983). Another defines violence as an intense, turbulent or furious action, force of feeling or expression. often destructive. These definitions show the broad nature of this behavior. In order to discuss causes or prevention, it is necessary to ...


Social Structure And The Health Status Of Black Males, Williams R. David 2017 Morehouse College

Social Structure And The Health Status Of Black Males, Williams R. David

Challenge

This study calculated mortality rates for African Americans in the central Harlem Health district of New York City, and compared them to those of whites. Between the ages of 25-44 black males in Harlem are 6 times more likely to die than white males in the U.S.Cardiovascular disease, cirrhosis of the liver, homicide and cancer are the main causes of the excess deaths.


Implementing A Community-Based Intervention For African American Mothers And Daughters, Teri Aronowitz, Nandini Sengupta 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Implementing A Community-Based Intervention For African American Mothers And Daughters, Teri Aronowitz, Nandini Sengupta

Teri Aronowitz

Adolescents represent one of the fastest growing risk groups for HIV. Inner-city, minority youth are at highest risk because of concentration of HIV in inner-city areas, higher rates of STDs, and early sexual initiation. Mothers are the primary sex educator of daughters, and girls state their relationship with their mother was an important influence on their delaying sexual activity. With 70% of adolescent HIV seroconversions occurring among African American (AA) females, studies are urgently needed to enhance mother-daughter sexual communication. The purpose of this poster is to offer insights on the logistics of carrying out a manualized program.


Introduction: Lynching, Incarceration’S Cousin: From Till To Trayvon, Barbara Lewis 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Introduction: Lynching, Incarceration’S Cousin: From Till To Trayvon, Barbara Lewis

Barbara Lewis

The wholesale criminalizing of the black male has been much in the news, put there by the Trayvon Martin case and the Florida verdict. (Incidentally, even though we don’t often think of it, Florida was where the first African slaves were installed in America, back in the 1500s in the city of St. Augustine.) As an academic, which, loosely translated means that I often bury my head between the covers of a book trying to figure out one thing or another, I am thought of as someone who is cautious and circumspect in what I think and write, but ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress