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2005

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Getting To “Why?”, Gregory S. Palermo Oct 2005

Getting To “Why?”, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This is a case study of the development of a learning outcomes centered, large lecture, introductory design theory course, and a best practices presentation of active learning exercises aimed at getting to ‘Why?’ from ‘What?’. Getting to ‘Why?’ is a principal objective for me in large-lecture undergraduate education. In 1996 and 2003 I participated in developing required foundation theory courses for architecture and design averaging 220-260 students per section. Central to both are active learning exercises for analyzing the concrete ‘Who, what, where and when?’ to discern a ‘Why?’. This paper addresses the importance of ‘Why?’, and the learning outcomes ...


Review Of Blagojevic, Ljiljana, Modernism In Serbia: The Elusive Margins Of Belgrade Architecture, 1919-1941, Kimberly E. Zarecor Oct 2005

Review Of Blagojevic, Ljiljana, Modernism In Serbia: The Elusive Margins Of Belgrade Architecture, 1919-1941, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

In the introduction to her beautifully illustrated and well-written history of interwar modern architecture in Serbia, Ljiljana Blagojevic remarks that the architects of Belgrade's modernist circles "were neither friends nor disciples of any of the masters of the European modern movement, they knew not their 'gods' in person, they followed only reflections and translations" (p. x). Working with the themes of marginality, authenticity and identity formation, Blagojevic argues convincingly that modernity in Serbia was expressed formally through a borrowed, western European style that masked traditional building methods and spatial arrangements behind fashionable facades.


Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu Apr 2005

Livelihood Strategies And Performance Of Ghana’S Health And Education Sectors: Exploring The Connections, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The public sector in Africa is riddled with widespread ineffectiveness. Although some countries have implemented various reform programmes with the support of international development agencies, the results so far have been disappointing. One reason for the failure is that the policies have focussed more on achieving macroeconomic stability than making the organisations effective. This article explores a fundamental problem of the policies—the need to focus on the human component of organisational performance. Using education and health organisations in Ghana as examples, the article advances a hypothesis that the livelihood strategies of public sector employees and the performance of their ...


Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst Apr 2005

Landscape Architecture: A Terminal Case?, Heidi M. Hohmann, Joern Langhorst

Landscape Architecture Publications

Late last year, two faculty members at Iowa State University circulated a manifesto to other departments of landscape architecture, charging that the field has outlived its historic purpose. Read excerpts from the manifest below, then read what Gary Hilderbrand, FASLA; Peter Jacobs, FASLA; Elizabeth Meyer, FASLA; Patrick A. Miller, FASLA; James Palmer, FASLA; Steven Velegrinis; and Peter Walker, FASLA, and Jane Gillette had to say in response.


Schema Theory In The Interior Design Studio, Lori A. Brunner Mar 2005

Schema Theory In The Interior Design Studio, Lori A. Brunner

Art and Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

Gallini (1989) argues that, “the ability to combine a collection of problems into a meaningful representation, or schema facilitates learning” (p. 244). More specifically, Chan (1990) reports, “that the ability of organizing and applying schemata determines a designer’s ability” (p. 78). The purpose of this study was to measure the impact and effectiveness of a conceptual advanced organizer, a database/analysis card model, in the interior design studio. The effectiveness characteristics were examined from four main areas of a design project: 1) organization of information, 2) categorization of information, 3) application of theory, and 4) overall design. The following ...


Post~Nuclear Monuments, Museums, And Gardens, Miriam Engler Jan 2005

Post~Nuclear Monuments, Museums, And Gardens, Miriam Engler

Landscape Architecture Publications

MARKED BY THE SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY of atomic energy, the nuclear age, which spans the twentieth century, has changed the nature of culture as well as the landscape.l Vast, secret landscapes play host to nuclear arms and commercial energy producers. 2 Nuclear sites concern not only scientists and politicians, but also environmental designers/artists. The need to evoke a cultural discourse, protect future generations, reveal or conceal radioactive burial sites and recycle retired installations engenders our participation. How do we intersect with these hellish places? Do we have a potent role in addressing this conundrum? In what follows, I confront ...


Homegirls In The Public Sphere By Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review By: Yost, Bambi, Bambi L. Yost Jan 2005

Homegirls In The Public Sphere By Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review By: Yost, Bambi, Bambi L. Yost

Bambi L Yost

Abstrat is not available. Citation: Homegirls in the Public Sphere by Miranda, Marie (Keta) Review by: Yost, Bambi Children, Youth and Environments Vol. 15, No. 1, Environmental Health, and Other Papers (2005) , pp. 406-413 Published by: The Board of Regents of the University of Colorado, a body corporate, for the benefit of the Children, Youth and Environments Center at the University of Colorado Boulder Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7721/chilyoutenvi.15.1.0406


Culturally Framing Design, Gregory S. Palermo Jan 2005

Culturally Framing Design, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Place Setting: Architect As Cultural Inclusionist, Peter P. Goché Jan 2005

Place Setting: Architect As Cultural Inclusionist, Peter P. Goché

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis assesses the traditional mealtime rituals of a people. Our engagement of such constructed environments within a particular material culture is affected by the physical items associated with defining its setting. The purpose of this method of inquiry is to develop a fuller comprehension of ‘place setting’ as customary observance (rite) and interlude (ritornello). Our engagement of such constructed environments within a particular material culture is affected by the physical items associated with defining its setting. This work will demonstrate the role of place setting as agent in our perception and conception of reality, including the relationship between mind ...


Persistence, Adaptation And Diversity, Lynn Paxson, David Saile, Joseph Juhasz, Rubén Martinez Jan 2005

Persistence, Adaptation And Diversity, Lynn Paxson, David Saile, Joseph Juhasz, Rubén Martinez

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Traditions aren't static. They change and adapt over time to various circumstances. Cultures and identities are always evolving. It's instructive to look at what aspects of cultures and identities persist over time and what aspects of other cultures maybe 'assimilated' or 'acculturated' into the existing belief structure of another culture.


Creating Learning Environments More Supportive Of Diversity: An Ongoing Working Group, James Potter, Sherry Ahrentzen, Kathryn Anthony, Arlena Hines, Roberta Null, Lynn Paxson, Lynda Schneekloth, David Stea, Tom Witt Jan 2005

Creating Learning Environments More Supportive Of Diversity: An Ongoing Working Group, James Potter, Sherry Ahrentzen, Kathryn Anthony, Arlena Hines, Roberta Null, Lynn Paxson, Lynda Schneekloth, David Stea, Tom Witt

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

At EDRA 31 in San Francisco we convened a working group to discuss issues related to creating learning environments more supportive of diversity. It has been five years since we last met. We believe it is time to revisit the issues of diversity in the leammg environment to see what gains we have made, if any, and what more we can do.


What Forces That Shape And Retain The Beijing Courtyard Houses?, Chiu-Shui Chan, Ying Xiong Jan 2005

What Forces That Shape And Retain The Beijing Courtyard Houses?, Chiu-Shui Chan, Ying Xiong

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The type of courtyard house, as found within the Inner City of Beijing, is a well-developed Chinese housing typology. All houses in this area share a homogeneous pattern and texture in form and spatial layout. Particularly, certain distinguishing features can be easily identified across houses. This paper explains: (1) the outstanding features found in almost all courtyard houses in the city of Beijing, as well as in other cities across China, (2) the reasons why these features were preserved for more than two thousand years, (3) the socio-cultural driving forces that have maintained these features historically, and (4) the challenges ...


Negoiated Stories In Public Space, Lynn Paxson, Joseph B. Juhasz, Heidi Hohmann, Ashley Kyber, Clare Robinson Jan 2005

Negoiated Stories In Public Space, Lynn Paxson, Joseph B. Juhasz, Heidi Hohmann, Ashley Kyber, Clare Robinson

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Design professionals and environmental social scientists understand the human modified environment as a material production of cultures. As a result, we also support the idea of spaces as communicative. The contextually defined relations between objects, places, and people communicate the values, decisions, and choices made throughout a broadly defined process of placemaking. Places have meanings, they tell stories. Thus "narrating" is one aspect or part of deCerteau's conception of spatial practices (de Certeau, 1984, xiv). Yet because values differ, the same place may tell different stories to different people.


Rethinking Native Learning Environments, Bob Mohr, Brodie Bain, Lynn Paxson Jan 2005

Rethinking Native Learning Environments, Bob Mohr, Brodie Bain, Lynn Paxson

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This symposium will present three projects and three explorations into creating learning environments for Native communities. The projects range from a high school that· drew Native students from many tribal nations across the country, to a tribal (2-year) college that serves primarily one Native nation but is open to students from tribes from around the Pacific Northwest, to one of the oldest tribal universities ( 4-year) in the country which serves students from multiple Native nations. All three of these institutions have dealt in different ways with the idea of helping their students "walk in two worlds" or function in two ...


Diverse Participation And Participation In Diversity, Lynn Paxson, Caitlin Cahill, Patsy Eubanks Owens, Baldev Lamba Jan 2005

Diverse Participation And Participation In Diversity, Lynn Paxson, Caitlin Cahill, Patsy Eubanks Owens, Baldev Lamba

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This Participation Network sponsored working group creates a venue to consider a number of current participatory design and research projects and continues similar sessions held at past edra conferences. In conjunction with other, topic or user group sessions which include a participatory focus this session allows the work of edra members to be critically discussed and debated from many points of view while still in progress.


How Real Is The Sense Of Presence In A Virtual Environment?: Applying Protocol Analysis For Data Collection, Chiu-Shui Chan, Chien-Hui Weng Jan 2005

How Real Is The Sense Of Presence In A Virtual Environment?: Applying Protocol Analysis For Data Collection, Chiu-Shui Chan, Chien-Hui Weng

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This study attempts to investigate the sense of presence in a fully immersive virtual environment. The methodology applied in this study used protocol analysis for data collection. A preliminary experiment was conducted to explore noticeable phenomena to develop a hypothesis for the final experiments. Four different virtual reality models, representing four different kinds of virtual space, were navigated in C6 (CAVE facilities) by two human subjects. Results of the research in this direction have provided valuable understanding regarding the sense of presence in the virtual environment.


We Dig Graves—All Sizes, Daniel J. Naegele Jan 2005

We Dig Graves—All Sizes, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

In small-town Missouri, for amusement, on Sundays, we shop. So several weeks ago, needing nothing but having heard rumors of the arrival of a new line from the East, I aimed my RX-7 at the town's only Target. There, to my delight, household accoutrements from the onetime "Cubist kitchen king" abound. Tastefully packaged in blue and white cartons, all items are titled and come complete with a square photo of the designer, his signature, his bar code, and the following credo: "The Michael Graves product line is an inspired balance of form and function. At once it is sensible ...


Situating Design, Gregory S. Palermo Jan 2005

Situating Design, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This is a case study of the development of a new Core curriculum course at the Iowa State University (ISU) College of Design (CoD). It relates an overview of the creation of the course and sample learning exercises that activate a large lecture class. Historically, the CoD separated first-year students into discipline specific studies, narrowing, we believe, their perspectives about design. A Task Force analyzed learning outcomes of the first year programs, and proposed a more interdisciplinary conception of design education. The CoD committed itself to creating a Core foundation year of design studies, which students in Architecture, Landscape Architecture ...


The Digital Persona And Trust Bank: A Privacy Management Framework, Sree Nilakanta, Kevin P. Scheibe Jan 2005

The Digital Persona And Trust Bank: A Privacy Management Framework, Sree Nilakanta, Kevin P. Scheibe

Supply Chain and Information Systems Publications

Recently, the government of India embarked on an ambitious project of designing and deploying the Integrated National Agricultural Resources Information System (INARIS) data warehouse for the agricultural sector. The system’s purpose is to support macro level planning. This paper presents some of the challenges faced in designing the data warehouse, specifically dimensional and deployment challenges of the warehouse. We also present some early user evaluations of the warehouse. Governmental data warehouse implementations are rare, especially at the national level. Furthermore, the motivations are significantly different from private sectors. Designing the INARIS agricultural data warehouse posed unique and significant challenges ...


Bad Habits : On The Propagation Of Coverture For Renaissance Venetian Noblewomen, Carissa Ann Gavin Jan 2005

Bad Habits : On The Propagation Of Coverture For Renaissance Venetian Noblewomen, Carissa Ann Gavin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This Thesis is a creative project within the fields of Women's Studies and Architecture. It focuses on how gender is encoded and decoded in architectural spaces, especially those considered 'feminine' archetypes. The objective is to understand the circumstances surrounding the alteration of prescriptive spaces by the people that inhabit them and to lend character to these "after-spaces" through graphic and literary representation. The site of investigation is the Venetian Renaissance convent. One of the earliest convents in Venice, San Zaccaria has a rich history. As a liberal Benedictine convent, it was notorious for its noble roster as it was ...


A Landscape Designed To Be Viewed, Not Experienced, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2005

A Landscape Designed To Be Viewed, Not Experienced, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

Everyone is Impressed when This Old House transforms a tired bungalow into an elegant new residence, and that's the way oslund.and.assoc. has reinvented the competent Modernism of the General Mills Corporate Headquarters. With fine materials and design elan, the new addition updates and improves the sit's old vocabulary of rolling green lawns, minimalist buildings, scattered abstract sculptures, and amoeba-shaped ponds, making Modernism relevant again for a whole new era of corporate citizens.


An Integrated Approach To Enhance Critical Thinking Skills In A Landscape Construction Course, Ann Marie Vanderzanden Jan 2005

An Integrated Approach To Enhance Critical Thinking Skills In A Landscape Construction Course, Ann Marie Vanderzanden

Horticulture Publications

Recent research shows landscape installation is a fast growing and profitable segment of the horticulture industry. To meet this growing demand, the industry needs employees who have a skill set that integrates technical knowledge, practical application and creative problem solving. A landscape construction course that incorporates a variety of studentcentered teaching methods including case studies, a small group project, and role playing exercises, was created to help students further their problem solving, decision making and critical thinking skills. By incorporating principles from Bloom's Taxonomy in the course, studentsmoved from lower order to higher order thinking skills within a given ...


Opportunities And Challenges For Development In Africa: An Introduction, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2005

Opportunities And Challenges For Development In Africa: An Introduction, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This special issue of GeoJournal: An International Journal of Human Geography and Environmental Sciences emerged from a series of sessions that I co-organized with one of the authors, Kwadwo Konadu-Agyemang of The University of Akron at the 99th annual meeting of the Association of American Geographers, held in New Orleans, LA, March 5-8, 2003. The theme of the sessions was “Africa’s Development in the 21st Century: Pertinent issues, Opportunities and Challenges”. Although the presenters were not required to use any particular conceptual framework in their analysis, collectively the 18 papers that made up the sessions addressed the following questions ...


Exploring Diverse Land Ethics, Joseph B. Juhasz, Lynn Paxson, Rubén Martinez Jan 2005

Exploring Diverse Land Ethics, Joseph B. Juhasz, Lynn Paxson, Rubén Martinez

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Different cultures do not share the same relationship( s) with the land, the natural environment, and the cosmos. For some cultures in fact these three labels are all synonymous, while for others clear distinctions are understood through their use/invocation. In addition the role or relationship ofhumans with the land, the natural environment, and the cosmos varies among different groups and cultures. These multiple value systems and epistemologies have shaped cultures and impacted the relations between these many groups. Some might argue that these differences, or this diversity is one of the major reasons that different cultures in contact often ...