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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Using Google Street View To Examine Urban Context And Green Amenities In The Global South: The Chilean Experience, Monica Haddad, Zachary Christman, Hamil Pearsall, Melinda Sanchez Jun 2021

Using Google Street View To Examine Urban Context And Green Amenities In The Global South: The Chilean Experience, Monica Haddad, Zachary Christman, Hamil Pearsall, Melinda Sanchez

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This study evaluates the use of virtual, human-interpreted, field observations using Google Street View (GSV) to examine the presence of conditions that may be used to analyze green gentrification in the Global South. We propose that green gentrification is characterized by the introduction or improvement of green amenities (such as parks) as well as corresponding changes to the urban context (such as facade materials). While virtual field observations have been used to examine neighborhood context for other applications, this method has not yet been applied to the study of green gentrification, nor in the Global South. Using one urban park ...


Crosscutting Environmental Risk With Design: A Multi-Site, Multi-City Socioecological Approach For Iowa’S Diversifying Small Towns, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Rosie Manzo, Rachel Scudder Jun 2021

Crosscutting Environmental Risk With Design: A Multi-Site, Multi-City Socioecological Approach For Iowa’S Diversifying Small Towns, Benjamin A. Shirtcliff, Rosie Manzo, Rachel Scudder

Landscape Architecture Publications

Globally, the influx of refugee, migrant, and immigrant populations into small centers of industrialized agriculture has called attention to a looming public health crisis. As small towns shift from remote villages into rural, agri-industrial centers, they offer limited access to amenities needed to support human well-being. Our study focused on three Iowa towns that continue to experience an increase in under-represented minority populations and decline of majority populations as a proxy for studying shifting populations in an era of industrialized agriculture and global capital. We aimed to understand the socioecological impact of built environments—outdoor locations where people live and ...


Frei Otto’S Pneumatic Experiments For Humanitarian Design, Rob Whitehead Jun 2021

Frei Otto’S Pneumatic Experiments For Humanitarian Design, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper will explore the intersection of building technology and humanitarian design-science research by looking at Frei Otto’s pneumatic experiments. The purpose of the study is to contextualize our contemporary demands for humanitarian design work by reflecting upon the manner by which Otto integrated an ambitious design ideology with an elevated and innovative technical acumen. Constraining the investigation to Otto’s work, particularly his relatively unknown early work with pneus, provides a useful exploration of design-science approach that connect design and technology—an approach that is useful to understand for contemporary pedagogical applications.


Design As An Indicator Of Tourist Destination Change: The Concept Renewal Cycle At Watkins Glen State Park, Hans V V Klein-Hewett Apr 2021

Design As An Indicator Of Tourist Destination Change: The Concept Renewal Cycle At Watkins Glen State Park, Hans V V Klein-Hewett

Architecture Publications

For decades, the Tourism Area Life Cycle (TALC) model, its iterations, and its critics have shaped the conversation about change and adaptation at tourist destinations. However, few life cycle models consider the designed landscape as a factor in the evolutionary process or as a signifier of change. This oversight is problematic because the landscape, the aggregation of consciously designed spaces and amenities, is where tourism takes place. It is the physical manifestation of the tourist destination and therefore significantly influences how the site is organized, consumed, and evaluated. To illustrate the landscape’s importance, this article proposes a new life ...


Resilient Micropolitan Areas In The Face Of Economic Shocks: A Stakeholder Collective Capacity Perspective, Cristina Poleacovschi, Arielle True-Funk, Monica A. Haddad, David J. Peters Feb 2021

Resilient Micropolitan Areas In The Face Of Economic Shocks: A Stakeholder Collective Capacity Perspective, Cristina Poleacovschi, Arielle True-Funk, Monica A. Haddad, David J. Peters

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Micropolitan areas (between 10,000 and 50,000 people) are not immune to economic shocks that threaten their vitality. Factors related to economic shocks can range from local companies leaving a town or national economic crises affecting local economies. Using the perspective of local micropolitan area stakeholders, this research seeks to identify why certain micropolitan areas recover from an economic shock while others do not. The research included the case study of two micropolitan areas in the U.S. Midwest (one resilient and one vulnerable), based on 22 interviews with key stakeholders representing diverse for-profit and government organizations. Our results ...


Relationships Between Consultant Discipline And Specified Tree Diversity: A Case Study Of Two Iowa (Usa) Communities, Grant L. Thompson, Audrey Mccombs, Marcus D. Jansen Jan 2021

Relationships Between Consultant Discipline And Specified Tree Diversity: A Case Study Of Two Iowa (Usa) Communities, Grant L. Thompson, Audrey Mccombs, Marcus D. Jansen

Horticulture Publications

Urban forests are valuable assets to a community from multiple perspectives. Diversifying urban forests is a common and important management goal to increase resilience in the face of biotic pests and diseases, climate change, and to increase ecosystem services. Multiple design and engineering consultants develop site plans and specify trees for public and private projects, and consultant disciplines differ in their training plant material selection and diversity. Publicly available site plans from Des Moines (79) and Iowa City, Iowa, USA (70) between 2015–2018 that passed planning and zoning review were analyzed to determine the associations between practitioner disciplinary training ...


From Prose To Poetry: Retelling The Experiences Of Children With Autism Navigating Around A School To Promote Empathy And Understanding, Julie E. Irish Jan 2021

From Prose To Poetry: Retelling The Experiences Of Children With Autism Navigating Around A School To Promote Empathy And Understanding, Julie E. Irish

Interior Design publications and other works

Purpose

The purpose of this paper was to describe the experiences of four children with autism spectrum disorder navigating around the corridors of an unfamiliar school and translate the findings into poetic format. Poetry could provide a more accessible format to a nonacademic audience and promote empathy and understanding about this population.

Design/methodology/approach

Each participant was shown a route from the start point to the destination by the researcher then asked to lead the way there. Post-study, participants were interviewed for their perceptions and feelings about navigating.

Findings

Participants' responses and behaviors differed, e.g. some were stimulated ...


Frequency Fitness, Michael Luhrs Jan 2021

Frequency Fitness, Michael Luhrs

Creative Components

Frequency is a stand alone fitness studio structure that offers users the ability to engage in various types of training methods that traditionally were limited to a gym space. Frequency brings functional strength training, HIIT, and other training aspects of the gym to your backyard, office space, or anywhere that there is at least 30 sqft without the hassle of designing and building a gym. The structure is pre-build and dropped off wherever it is desired. We love training at home or where it is convenient, and for that reason Frequency was developed. The fitness industry has transformed over the ...


Learning From Real-World Building Structural Collapse, Peizhe Li Jan 2021

Learning From Real-World Building Structural Collapse, Peizhe Li

Creative Components

Since human beings began to build buildings, from the design and construction stage, the main goal is to ensure the safety of buildings and reduce the collapse of buildings; everything is based on the premise of safety. But it is impossible to guarantee that a building will not collapse, even if it is fully designed. Therefore, this paper will analyze what will affect the stability of the structure and how to avoid the collapse of the structure from the design stage, construction stage, and use stage of a building.


Change In Use Of Public Space: A Case Study Of Te Bahal, Kathmandu, Nepal And Historic District Of Savannah, Georgia, Sahara Shrestha Jan 2021

Change In Use Of Public Space: A Case Study Of Te Bahal, Kathmandu, Nepal And Historic District Of Savannah, Georgia, Sahara Shrestha

Creative Components

The changing pattern due to urban growth has transitioned the development and usage of public space. Public space has been one of the vital elements of urban areas from the ancient period of urbanization. Traditional towns of the Kathmandu Valley boast a fine provision of public space and offer a unique setting for urban life. Similarly, Savannah, Georgia historic district is populated with numerous historic squares and plazas. However, the usage of public space has been changing with the change in time. This research explores how the use of traditional public space has changed over years. The research uses and ...


Corridors For Change: Exploring A Multifunctional Corridor Concept For Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation, And Justice In Iowa, Carissa Shoemaker Jan 2021

Corridors For Change: Exploring A Multifunctional Corridor Concept For Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation, And Justice In Iowa, Carissa Shoemaker

Creative Components

Corridors are usually designed for a specific function, yet are inherently multifunctional. These additional services are sometimes listed as co-benefits, but are rarely planned in the United States, nor are they leveraged to build cross-disciplinary teams, appeal to more diverse stakeholders, secure additional funding, or connect with local initiatives. If corridors were billed as vital infrastructure, if they were valued for their ecosystem services and contributions to climate change mitigation and adaptation, perhaps they would be easier to implement. This is especially true of areas where the dominant catalysts for corridors—wildlife and recreation—aren't as salient. In Iowa ...


City City Bang Bang, Eric Diaz Jan 2021

City City Bang Bang, Eric Diaz

Creative Components

This paper addresses the lack of civic engagement in the city planning process and explores tools that can be used to engage residents in novel ways. The aim of this project is to reach residents where they are, not depend on their ability to come to city hall and engage in the traditional structure set out by local government. Knowledge is situated in the context of the community, therefore we are utilizing mobile, pop-up engagement methods. It is the hope that these tools will invite marginalized and underrepresented communities to participate in the planning process, by means of engaging them ...


Plagued By Fire: The Dreams And Furies Of Frank Lloyd Wright, Daniel J. Naegele Oct 2020

Plagued By Fire: The Dreams And Furies Of Frank Lloyd Wright, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

Had today's we-are-the-truth media been around to assess Frank Lloyd Wright's situation in 1910, there may never have been Taliesin, the Imperial Hotel, Fallingwater, the Usonian houses, Johnson Wax, Price Tower or the Guggenheim Museum. It is a fashion now to find heroism in the common person, and this is as it should be. But the associated need to tear down the extraordinary genius of earlier years is truly unfortunate.


Who Shot Le Corbusier? The Architect Of The Century And His Photographers, Daniel J. Naegele Aug 2020

Who Shot Le Corbusier? The Architect Of The Century And His Photographers, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Books

Who were Le Corbusier’s photographers? The question is seldom asked yet is germane to under­standing the architect’s work. Le Corbusier used photography to promote modern architecture in ways no others did. He directed the photography of his buildings, selected the images that he liked, cropped them, abstracted them, and placed them on the pages of his many books. He mediated the medium of photography mani­pulating visual facts in an era when “the camera never lied”. Yet always he began with images that others provided him. Photographers and advancing photo-technology were essential and when they changed, his ...


Som’S Computer Group: Narratives Of Women In Early Architectural Computing, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle, Nick S. Senske Aug 2020

Som’S Computer Group: Narratives Of Women In Early Architectural Computing, Shelby Elizabeth Doyle, Nick S. Senske

Architecture Publications

Cultural narratives of digital technology in architecture rely heavily upon stories of unique, almost always male, genius and often deny the collective intellectual labor of technology’s construction. These narratives are perpetuated by a historical record which does not fully address the contributions of women to the history of digital technology. Because this history is not well-documented, there is an opportunity to represent these events in a manner which is more inclusive and equitable. Toward that end, this article focuses on narratives from the SOM Computing Group (1964–1990), as a means of correcting the historical record and addressing gender ...


Triconch Churches Sponsored By Serbian And Wallachian Nobility, Jelena Bogdanović Aug 2020

Triconch Churches Sponsored By Serbian And Wallachian Nobility, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Architectural activities of remarkable quality continued to thrive north of Byzantium under the sponsorship of Serbian and Wallachian nobility long after the fall of Byzantium and occasionally even in territories under Ottoman rule.1 As suggested by Slobodan Ćurčić, triconch domed churches, which have been enduring examples of Middle Byzantine architecture and especially of monastic architecture on Mount Athos, shaped notions of an Orthodox Christian identity shared by Serbs and Wallachians, as opposed to the Islamic architecture of the Ottoman Turks.2 Interest in triconch domed churches in the Balkans started with the studies of the French archeologist and historian ...


The Marseilles Unité & Le Corbusier’S Edicts Governing Photography, Daniel J. Naegele Aug 2020

The Marseilles Unité & Le Corbusier’S Edicts Governing Photography, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

The photographic representation of the Marseilles apartment block is indicative of these postwar changes. A key component of the urban vision put forth in Le Corbusier’s 1935 La Ville radieuse, the Unité d’Habitation, was the fruit of thirty years of speculation regarding collective living. It was offered as solution to the worldwide housing shortage that had been brought on by the destruction of the war and the postwar population boom. Like much of Le Corbusier’s earlier work, it was proposed as a ‘standard type’ and was intended to be reproduced throughout the world. It would be one ...


An Urban Modelling Framework For Climate Resilience In Low-Resource Neighbourhoods, Ulrike Passe, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Breanna Marmur, Linda Shenk, Jacklin Stonewall, Janette Thompson, Yuyu Zhou Jul 2020

An Urban Modelling Framework For Climate Resilience In Low-Resource Neighbourhoods, Ulrike Passe, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Breanna Marmur, Linda Shenk, Jacklin Stonewall, Janette Thompson, Yuyu Zhou

Architecture Publications

Climate predictions indicate a strong likelihood of more frequent, intense heat events. Resource-vulnerable, low-income neighbourhood populations are likely to be strongly impacted by future climate change, especially with respect to an energy burden. In order to identify existing and new vulnerabilities to climate change, local authorities need to understand the dynamics of extreme heat events at the neighbourhood level, particularly to identify those people who are adversely affected. A new comprehensive framework is presented that integrates human and biophysical data: occupancy/behaviour, building energy use, future climate scenarios and near-building microclimate projections. The framework is used to create an urban ...


Promoting Graduate And Professional Attributes By Coordinating Kolbian Reflections For Industrial Design., Mani Mina, J. Cowan, Nicholas D. Fila, Wei S. Theh Jun 2020

Promoting Graduate And Professional Attributes By Coordinating Kolbian Reflections For Industrial Design., Mani Mina, J. Cowan, Nicholas D. Fila, Wei S. Theh

Industrial Design Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This work features challenges of using integrated reflections in undergraduate Industrial Design and Engineering. Reflection activities can be challenging for the students and hard to implement in design and engineering classes. This report has two goals. The first is to introduce a process for more successful engagement for the students in problem solving and design. The second is to show that the process has validity and usefulness for Industrial Design students who are in a College of Design.


Residential Income Segregation And Commuting In A Latin American City, Monica A. Haddad Apr 2020

Residential Income Segregation And Commuting In A Latin American City, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Numerous urban dwellers worldwide still live under residential segregation, which can act “as a poverty trap with job restrictions” (UN-Habitat, 2016, p. 79). Residential segregation occurs in a geographic space where individuals with similar socio-economic characteristics, such as income, are living close to each other and cut off from individuals of different socio-economic features. A clear understanding of the consequences that residential segregation has on poor people’s urban economic mobility is imperative to ensure that they move out of poverty. This is a pressing challenge for cities around the world, urging policy makers to deliver alternative solutions about planning-related ...


Book Review: Advancing Equity Planning Now, Monica A. Haddad Feb 2020

Book Review: Advancing Equity Planning Now, Monica A. Haddad

Community and Regional Planning Publications

“One [way] is to put into place arranged ideas, the other is to deal with a country of people, of flesh and blood, of thousand-and-many miseries… With luck, you won’t have to choose between the two” (João Guimarães Rosa, Grande sertão: veredas). This quote captures the essence of Advancing Equity Planning Now, a book edited by Norman Krumholz and Kathryn Wertheim Hexter. The book contains chapters about equity planning from local, regional, and national perspectives in the U.S., with a view to the future. In Krumholz and Hexter’s words “equity planning tries to provide more choices for ...


The Landscape Architectural Design Of Iowa State Parks, Heidi M. Hohmann Jan 2020

The Landscape Architectural Design Of Iowa State Parks, Heidi M. Hohmann

Landscape Architecture Publications

After legislation establishing Iowa’s state parks was passed in 1917, conservationists like Louis Pammel found themselves confronted with a new challenge: the task of constructing the parks. Creating parks where people could experience nature- and not preserves where they would be excluded from it-meant balancing conservation with human enjoyment, a goal that Pammel rightly recognized as problematic when he asked, “How can we best treat the park so as to avoid the unnecessary tramping of thousands of visitors? How can the trails be constructed so that this wild life will be conserved?”


The Wendingen Edition: What Frank Lloyd Wright Wanted Holland To Know In 1925, Daniel J. Naegele Jan 2020

The Wendingen Edition: What Frank Lloyd Wright Wanted Holland To Know In 1925, Daniel J. Naegele

Architecture Publications

‘I believe that Holland will go far along the line of architecture; it is there that the architects seem to have taken root in my work,’ Frank Lloyd Wright told his wife-to-be Olgivanna on the day in 1925 that the Wendingen Edition arrived at Taliesin.1 And to this he added, ‘the enlightened minority does seem at this time to be strongest in Holland.’


Lifetime Energy Performance Of Residential Buildings: A Sensitivity Analysis Of Energy Modeling Parameters, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Manon Geraudin, Ulrike Passe Jan 2020

Lifetime Energy Performance Of Residential Buildings: A Sensitivity Analysis Of Energy Modeling Parameters, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Manon Geraudin, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Traditional building energy simulation tools often assess performance as a function of the unique climate, physical characteristics, and operational parameters that define specific buildings and communities, planned or existing. This paper presents the results of a sensitivity analysis on the input parameters (relating to both the building and climate) that affect the annual energy consumption loads of an existing residential neighborhood in the U.S. Midwest over the anticipated service life of its buildings using the Urban Modeling Interface (umi). Accordingly, first, the effect of multiple building construction characteristic packages and inclusion of outdoor vegetation, are investigated under typical meteorological ...


A Two-State Stochastic Residential Building Occupancy Model Based On The American Time-Use Survey Data, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Ulrike Passe Jan 2020

A Two-State Stochastic Residential Building Occupancy Model Based On The American Time-Use Survey Data, Diba Malekpour Koupaei, Ulrike Passe

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Conference Presentations and Proceedings

Misrepresentative occupancy schedules cause uncertainty in building energy simulations which often results in an undesired gap between actual performance and predictions. To address this issue, stochastic building occupancy models, which commonly use time-use surveys (TUS) as their input, have been proposed as a replacement for the conventional generic static schedules. This paper describes the development of a two-state stochastic occupancy model based on the 2017 American TUS (ATUS) that takes account of differences between weekdays and weekends. In this model, survey respondents were clustered based on the number of residents in their households and a first-order Markov-Chain technique was used ...


Solo Seating Design: Tables And Stools For Flexible Seating Arrangements, Carl Swenson Jan 2020

Solo Seating Design: Tables And Stools For Flexible Seating Arrangements, Carl Swenson

Creative Components

The typical restaurant today does not address the need for single table seating. Restaurant table and seating designs cater to two (2) or more customers. This study reflects the needs and seating preferences of a solo (single) person that is dining alone.

The research with visits to many local restaurants in Ames, Iowa. Photos and comments are documented showing the lack of single seating and examples of restaurants that address the need to provide seating for one person.

An online survey administered to Iowa State University students reflects seating choices shown on five (5) different restaurant-type layouts. The plans reflect ...


Inter-Institutional Communication In Plan Development: A Case Study Of Imagine Austin – Austin, Tx, Sarah Constable Runkel Jan 2020

Inter-Institutional Communication In Plan Development: A Case Study Of Imagine Austin – Austin, Tx, Sarah Constable Runkel

Creative Components

A case study of inter-institutional communication in comprehensive plan development for the city of Austin, TX.


Historic Oak Park: Beyond The Districts, Andrew Fackler Jan 2020

Historic Oak Park: Beyond The Districts, Andrew Fackler

Creative Components

As the modern historic preservation movement and discipline soar past half a century old, communities across the United States are reevaluating their historic built environments and how those resources are being - or could be better - utilized. As preservation becomes an ever more important tool for planners nationwide, however, problems with how historic resource data is used, stored, and analyzed are becoming more abundant. In addition, not all communities are new to preservation – for some, the history of the built landscape has been ingrained into their identity for decades or more. This Creative Component used the unique Chicago suburb of Oak ...


Building An Automated Land Evaluation And Site Assessment System For Story County, Iowa, Gabriel Nelson Jan 2020

Building An Automated Land Evaluation And Site Assessment System For Story County, Iowa, Gabriel Nelson

Creative Components

In order to regulate loss of agricultural land, Story County, Iowa implemented a Land Evaluation and Site Assessment (LESA) system. LESA is a scoring system created by the United States Department of Agriculture Soil Conservation Service (USDA SCS) in 1981 and adopted by Story County in 1985 to help county planners evaluate parcels. LESA uses multiple variables to determine a parcel’s score, that if high, is unlikely to permit non-agricultural development in order to preserve agricultural land. Currently, Story County planners manually score the entire LESA process, however, manual scoring increases the risk of error, does not allow humans ...


Sidewaze: Crowdsourced Sidewalk Condition Data For Your Neighbourhood, Matthew Reynolds Jan 2020

Sidewaze: Crowdsourced Sidewalk Condition Data For Your Neighbourhood, Matthew Reynolds

Creative Components

Sidewaze is an app designed to explore the feasibility of crowdsourced sidewalk condition data within the Region of Waterloo, Canada. Its design was informed by user research with primary sidewalk users, including parents with small children, wheelchair users, and those with mobility concerns. Competitive research showed several solutions in the space, but few which aimed to leverage crowdsourcing and none which attempted to capture the impact of poor sidewalk conditions at a personal level. Design and subsequent usability testing of a smartphone prototype application was conducted and it was shown to be quite effective on an individual level. Several key ...