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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe Sep 2018

Energy Use And Weatherization Practices: Applications For Agent-Based Modeling To Support Vulnerable Populations, Jacklin Stonewall, Wanyu Huang, Michael C. Dorneich, Caroline Krejci, Linda Shenk, Ulrike Passe

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Posters

This work surveyed residents of an economically disadvantaged community on their attitudes toward weatherization and their energy use behaviors. To support urban leaders making decisions to mitigate the effects of large-scale climate change, data-driven simulation models are being developed. To ensure that these models are equitable, the needs of all citizens must be included, especially those most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The results of this survey indicate that residents are taking steps to weatherize and conserve energy, but they are hindered by a lack of resources and knowledge of available assistance programs. These results are being applied ...


An Exploration Of Gentrification Of The Magic City: A Spatial Analysis Of Birmingham, Al, Antionette Fowlkes Mar 2018

An Exploration Of Gentrification Of The Magic City: A Spatial Analysis Of Birmingham, Al, Antionette Fowlkes

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Birmingham, Alabama, once the most segregated city in the nation, is now experiencing an economic revival linked to capital investments, influx of high-income groups that has caused the displacement of low-income groups as part of social upgrade and landscape change. These changes result in an ongoing gentrification of the city. To study the processes that have led to this change, I analyzed the socioeconomic characteristics and transportation trends from 1980 to 2010, and explored the impacts of changing neighborhoods on access to public transportation. Using a case study approach, I will: (1) provide historical context of the city; (2) spatially ...


A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam Jan 2018

A Sustainable Campus For The Higher Education Institutions In The U.S., Md Imtiajul Alam

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The green and sustainable campus concept is not something new to US universities, but well-organized and coherent activities to effectively “green” campuses are not that common, and efforts are minor in comparison to the potential of these universities. This thesis investigates different approaches taken by higher education (HE) institutions that are considered successful in their objectives toward achieving a sustainable campus. It also examines the process of integration of sustainability into the higher education institution’s policy, pedagogy, and research process; approaches taken by HE institutions aim to impact students’ perceptions and their behavior toward the world that they will ...


Development Of K-12 Lessons Plans That Integrate Construction Engineering And Mathematics And Align With Educational Standards, Nancy Nicho Jan 2018

Development Of K-12 Lessons Plans That Integrate Construction Engineering And Mathematics And Align With Educational Standards, Nancy Nicho

Creative Components

This research project works towards the integration of the fields of (a) math education, (b) construction engineering and (c) architecture for the Interdisciplinary Graduate Study program. These three topic areas are integrated into a single project which involves the development of several lesson plans, with the goal of teaching K-12 students, through hands-on interactive activities, about the design, construction, and operation of buildings within the built environment. These lessons plans serve several purposes, specifically (1) to introduce students to the concepts of architecture and construction engineering, particularly how these fields encourage sustainability and comfort in the built environment, and (2 ...


Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni Jan 2018

Work-Homes, Satya Charan Ganesuni

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Work homes have been used by the people since ancient times but, today people are preferring more to use work-home ideology because of technological advantages, time saving, budget savings etc. Advancements in communications have created new ideologies like work from home etc.

I believe work-homes are a broader concept than what's currently existing. Many architects have researched on integrated spaces and defined the typologies of them. That existing research was about the immobile integrated spaces, but very limited research has been done on the design elements that influence the space in these buildings and no proper research is done ...


Examining The Complexities Of Urban Water And Sanitation In Latin America, Kelly Naumann Dec 2017

Examining The Complexities Of Urban Water And Sanitation In Latin America, Kelly Naumann

Honors Projects and Posters

Climate change continues to exacerbate water and sanitation issues in Latin America, as water scarcity and natural disasters threaten water supply and infrastructure. My research explores the role that gender dimension plays in urban water and sanitation projects in Latin America, and examines strategies used to improve urban water and sanitation for low-income dwellers in Lima, Peru and Cochabamba, Bolivia. Both objectives were accomplished based on an extensive literature review. I argue that gender specific data is vital to collect, in that women face significant disparities in treatment and exclusion from policy. I also examined the sustainable solutions introduced by ...


Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler Nov 2017

Livability And Coexistence Between The Sexes: An Architectural Question, Andrea S. Wheeler

Architecture Publications

If we feel our lived environment, if we feel the reality of our existence in relation to our environment, can we also feel nature’s destruction? Understanding of our own nature in relation to nature, has been described as an aesthetic discourse, or eco-aesthetics (ökologische Naturästhetik) by Gernot Böhme, a philosopher more currently popular among architects for his theory of architectural atmosphere. According to Böhme, nature must be recognized as our partner and we should gradually adapt to such a partner relationship. Nature is not something we have left behind in our becoming civilized; nature is us and is not ...


From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl Nov 2017

From Form To Process: Re-Conceptualizing Lynch In Light Of Complexity Theory, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

New Urbanism’s disposition towards urban design emphasizes creating places that, in part, derive structure and meaning from ‘imageable’ components. These components resonate with the formal categories articulated by Kevin Lynch. That is to say, New Urbanist projects emphasize defined streets (edges) neighborhood coherence (districts) civic buildings (landmarks) connective public open spaces (nodes) and gridiron street networks (paths). Lynch, however, deemed that such urban features arose from dynamic processes, whereas New Urbanists pre-designate formal features without full consideration of their functional dynamics. In order to better situate this notion of ‘functional dynamics’, this paper argues that urban settings can be ...


Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe Sep 2017

Engaging Youth Through Spatial Socio-Technical Storytelling, Participatory Gis, Agent-Based Modeling, Online Geogames And Action Projects., Alenka Poplin, Linda Shenk, Caroline Krejci, Ulrike Passe

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

The main goal of this paper is to present the conceptual framework for engaging youth in urban planning activities that simultaneously create locally meaningful positive change. The framework for engaging youth interlinks the use of IT tools such as geographic information systems (GIS), agent-based modelling (ABM), online serious games, and mobile participatory geographic information systems with map-based storytelling and action projects. We summarize the elements of our framework and the first results gained in the program Community Growers established in a neighbourhood community of Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, USA. We conclude the paper with a discussion and future ...


Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez Sep 2017

Place-Making: An Approach To Rationale Behind The Location Choice Of Power Places. University Campus Ames As A Case Study, Alenka Poplin, Claudia Yamu, Luis Rico-Gutierrez

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper concentrates on power places as perceived by the students in a 60,000 people college town in the United States. Power places are favourite outdoor locations that evoke positive emotions, and are conducive to relaxation and reduction of stress. Further understanding how location affects those places and the feelings of students will help planners and designers be more intentional as they create conditions favourable to the development of cities that are healthy, sustainable, resilient and smart. Research methodologies used in this paper include empirical cartography, mapping and space syntax. We conclude the paper with a discussion of the ...


Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl Aug 2017

Tactical Urbanism As A Means Of Testing Relational Processes In Space: A Complex Systems Perspective, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

Too often, master planning strategies have failed to produce spaces responding to the social, cultural, and economic needs of their inhabitants. Accordingly, many planners have turned to relational strategies to redefine their practices. These tend toward methodologies that explore relational forces preceding design interventions rather than unfolding by means of design interventions. This article considers an alternative mode of understanding relational processes: one that considers tactical urban strategies theorized through the lens of complexity theory. This article argues that tactical approaches harness relational junctures in situ, effectively exploring relational configurations of cohesive urban environments. A design competition entry provides an ...


What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor Jun 2017

What Was So Socialist About The Socialist City? Second World Urbanity In Europe, Kimberly E. Zarecor

Architecture Publications

Socialist cities have most often been studied as manifestations of the socialist system itself, linked to the political fate of the Communist Parties in power during their design, construction, and expansion. This article revisits the socialist city and argues for the validity of the concept historically and in the present. Looking qualitatively at this distinct paradigm in Europe, two analytical frameworks are offered, infrastructural thinking and the socialist scaffold. The analysis shows that the universal aspiration for socialist cities was their continuous operation as synchronized instruments of economic production and social transformation in physical space. Distinct from capitalist cities, they ...


Assessing The Validity Of Facilitated-Volunteered Geographic Information: Comparisons Of Expert And Novice Ratings, Kelly Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Christopher Seeger, Gregory Welk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jon Moon, Imad Jafir, Phyllis Brown May 2017

Assessing The Validity Of Facilitated-Volunteered Geographic Information: Comparisons Of Expert And Novice Ratings, Kelly Kalvelage, Michael C. Dorneich, Christopher Seeger, Gregory Welk, Stephen B. Gilbert, Jon Moon, Imad Jafir, Phyllis Brown

Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering Publications

Facilitated-voluntary geographic information (f-VGI) is a promising method to enable systematic collection of data from residents about their physical and social environment. The method capitalizes on ubiquitous mobile smartphones to empower collection of geospatially-referenced data. It is important to evaluate the validity of user-generated content for use in research or program planning. The purpose of this study was to test whether the aggregated environmental (“bikeability”) ratings from novice community residents converges with ratings from experts using a robust research-based, paper audit-tool (the established Pedestrian Environment Data Scan (PEDS) tool). Equivalence testing statistically showed overall agreement between the composite ratings of ...


Feminist And Green Design: New Aesthetics Or New Ethics?, Tripti Upreti Apr 2017

Feminist And Green Design: New Aesthetics Or New Ethics?, Tripti Upreti

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

Design has influenced our lives in many ways, from impacting our environment to altering human behavior. We will discuss two of the approaches to Socially Responsible Design, fulfilling the requirements of sustainability- Green Design and Feminist Design. Green Design has been implemented to minimize the harmful effects on human health and environment, thus to make our planet more sustainable. Feminist Design, on the other hand, caters to the significance of women’s role in the society, where male dominance is prevalent. We will also address the discourse of inequality and its relation to cultural adaptations. Social Responsible Design has not ...


Mobile Diagnostic Lab (Mdl)—Research Environment For Enhancing Energy Efficiency In Building Science, Kaylinn Taggart, Laura Michaelson Apr 2017

Mobile Diagnostic Lab (Mdl)—Research Environment For Enhancing Energy Efficiency In Building Science, Kaylinn Taggart, Laura Michaelson

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The Mobile Diagnostic Lab is an interdisciplinary research project which will provide a space to explore energy efficiency through experimentation. With the use of the weather station, the opportunity to study micro-environments in different locations. Construction is currently taking place and is set to be completed by the end of this spring semester. The project designs allow for interchangeable materials to observe how it might affect the HVAC and other systems within the structure. The design has one experimental space separated from the mechanical space to allow for further exploration. MDL presents a unique space where researchers will be able ...


Interlock House—Occupant Feedback Strategies For Achieving Net Zero Energy, Kaylinn Taggart Apr 2017

Interlock House—Occupant Feedback Strategies For Achieving Net Zero Energy, Kaylinn Taggart

Symposium on Undergraduate Research and Creative Expression

The Interlock House is an interdisciplinary project located at Honey Creek Resort in Moravia, IA which studies energy efficiency by using passive design methods. The purpose of this research is to examine changes in the building temperatures and systems based on occupants' responses and their use in passive design strategies. Sensors within the house log data on temperatures, humidity and status which is gathered in Eagle.io. This is a visualization tool to better analyze anomalies in the data which will help us to achieve our net zero goal.

The first official year of monitoring the Interlock House began in ...


Pneumatic Systems: How Air Effects Space, David S. Cordaro Apr 2017

Pneumatic Systems: How Air Effects Space, David S. Cordaro

Honors Projects and Posters

“The sky starts under our feet” Air is one of the most fundamental, yet forgotten, elements within the architectural discourse. It is something not seen, but felt; smelled, but not experienced. Air, in practical discourse, is something that is always referenced. Formulating an air-tight façade is something of high importance to architects. In large cities, air rights become valuable property. In Chicago, the Boeing tower spans atop rail lines that terminate at Ogilvie station a few blocks away. However important this air space may be, one does not purchase the air, but rather a volumetric area that matter is constantly ...


One Thousand Thirteen (Ish), Rebecca Lynne Schodin Apr 2017

One Thousand Thirteen (Ish), Rebecca Lynne Schodin

Honors Projects and Posters

We inhabit the floor of an ocean of air, but we hardly think about the changes that occur within this medium day to day. This installation is a three-dimensional manifestation of the changes that occur in the atmosphere. The proposal is a map of barometric pressure and accumulated precipitation, visualized through a grid of paint dipped plastic panels.

Each panel represents the maximum barometric pressure of the week. A higher barometric pressure is embodied by a longer plastic panel as if the pressure of the air is elongating the plastic. A lower barometric pressure is embodied by a shorter plastic ...


Creating A Sense Of Home In Displaced Haitian Housing, Joelle Ruth Swanson Apr 2017

Creating A Sense Of Home In Displaced Haitian Housing, Joelle Ruth Swanson

Honors Projects and Posters

Housing for refugees and displaced persons around the world are all too often inadequate, bland, and lack the integration of culture in their design. This is where design choices in the interior can be used to enhance the basic architecture and create the sense of home and culture. The implications of this ideal can be adapted to mold within any country or culture. The goal of the capstone is to create guidelines for the interior design of a specific shelter archetype which emanate the culture and stylistic preferences of Haitian occupants. Utilizing personal experiences from multiple sources as well as ...


A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Theories of sustainable architecture that address sexual difference are rare in an architectural context, whether in the United States or Europe, and this paper proposes a critical perspective on architectural design using sustainable schools as an example and adopting the question of sexual difference. Informed by the words of young people, the philosophy of Luce Irigaray, and research carried out as part of a research project, “Iowa’s New Schools: A Future Invested in Sustainability,” this paper examines contemporary approaches to sustainable school architecture. It addresses questions of lifestyle and behavior and architects’ aims to produce energy-efficient and sustainable architecture ...


The Lore Of Building Experience: Deconstructing Design-Build, Shelby Doyle, Rob Whitehead Mar 2017

The Lore Of Building Experience: Deconstructing Design-Build, Shelby Doyle, Rob Whitehead

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architects do things. One of the most unquestioned mandates of architectural education is that of ‘doing’: building, acting, making, fabricating. Captured in Le Corbusier’s famous maxim: ‘architecture or revolution’, building is often considered not only the best solution to a problem, but one that gives urgency and legitimacy to architecture and architectural education. Yet the increasing awareness of intimate relations between capitalism and architecture, labor injustices and construction, environmental havoc and urban planning, corporate power and racial violence and much more has put architects in the uncomfortable position of having to confront the consequences of ‘doing’.


Creating Random Points, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher Seeger Mar 2017

Creating Random Points, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher Seeger

Extension and Outreach Publications

Welcome to the Essential ArcGIS Task Sheet Series. This series supplements the Iowa State University Geospatial Technology Training Program short course series. The task sheets are designed to provide quick, easy instructions for performing mapping tasks.


Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

My name is Andrea Gibson—it’s my married name. I am an Assistant Professor at a large University in the Midwest where I teach Sustainable Architecture and am a design studio instructor. My presentation today, is entitled: ‘About architecture and affect, and experiencing feminism in architecture now’. Or perhaps it could be called, ‘Satisfied?’ And you may quickly see that I am not. To outline this talk, and due warning, I will be discussing feminism, philosophies of affect and architecture.


Empowering Students With Design-Build, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Empowering Students With Design-Build, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In their second semester of architecture school, seventy-seven undergraduate students across five studios worked together to fabricate and construct a 20’x25’ installation with 2300 unique pieces in their school atrium. The project, titled TwoXTwo, represented a curricular realignment to incorporate digital methods, studio-wide collaboration, and full-scale construction into the beginning design sequence. The theme of this paper is student empowered learning in design-build: what it means, how it can create learning opportunities, and how it can go wrong.


Five Years Of Flipped Classrooms: Lessons Learned, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Five Years Of Flipped Classrooms: Lessons Learned, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In recent years, flipped classrooms have gained in popularity at many universities. However, they remain uncommon in design education. This paper presents the author's experiences creating and teaching flipped classrooms for required computing and communications courses over the past five years. In each of the two case studies, the introduction of flipped classrooms produced improvements in student learning outcomes, student engagement, and more efficient uses of school resources (e.g. contact hours, classroom space, TA's, etc.) compared to nonflipped versions of the courses. The author presents the details of the course structures, assessment methodology, and outcomes for the ...


Unplugging Inequality: Computational Futures For Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske Mar 2017

Unplugging Inequality: Computational Futures For Architecture, Shelby Doyle, Nick Senske

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In the 21st century, technologies like the Internet are commonly regarded as an empowering and uplifting force. With the broad availability of low-cost distribution channels, software development tools, and rapid prototyping machines such as 3D printers, the potential exists for nearly anyone to disrupt industries and find success. This optimism is mirrored in architecture, where, over the last 25 years, technologies such as CAD (Computer Aided Design), parametric design, BIM (Building Information Modeling), digital fabrication, and robotics have been a critical site of innovation, as architects seek to challenge traditional methods of designing and delivering buildings.


Adding Vector Data To Mapbox Studio, Austin Dunn, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher Seeger Mar 2017

Adding Vector Data To Mapbox Studio, Austin Dunn, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher Seeger

Extension and Outreach Publications

Welcome to the Essential ArcGIS Task Sheet Series. This series supplements the Iowa State University Geospatial Technology Training Program short course series. The task sheets are designed to provide quick, easy instructions for performing mapping tasks.


The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl Feb 2017

The Turkish Tea Garden: Exploring A "Third Space" With Cultural Resonances, Sharon Wohl

Architecture Publications

This article examines the history, use, and significance of the Turkish Tea Garden or Cay Bahcesi, positing that these gardens offer unique democratic spaces for public discourse set within the polis. The article unpacks the historical, cultural, and symbolic features of these gardens, and the role these shared spaces play in Turkey’s multivalent civic environment. It employs Ray Oldenburg’s notion of “third space” to consider how these gardens provide inclusive settings for a culturally diverse citizenry. Furthermore, the article considers how these spaces act as repositories of shared memory, mediating conflict that appears in other societal spheres. The ...


Sheen: Beauty, Latency And The Post-Industrial Landscape, Peter P. Goché Feb 2017

Sheen: Beauty, Latency And The Post-Industrial Landscape, Peter P. Goché

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Just as a silhouette, the shadow of our memory stands in sharp contrast to its background. As the sun passes over, so too does the shadow’s distinction. And now, in the late afternoon, we are shown our experience, no longer a shadow. We depart day wondering about the circumstances which calendar such events. And so, too, we speculate on its connection to ancient ritual – to night.


Adding Raster Data To Mapbox Studio, Austin Dunn, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher J. Seeger Feb 2017

Adding Raster Data To Mapbox Studio, Austin Dunn, Bailey A. Hanson, Christopher J. Seeger

Extension and Outreach Publications

Welcome to the Essential ArcGIS Task Sheet Series. This series supplements the Iowa State University Geospatial Technology Training Program short course series. The task sheets are designed to provide quick, easy instructions for performing mapping tasks.