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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Housing For All In India And Its Future In Sustainable Development, Nadia Shah Dec 2018

Housing For All In India And Its Future In Sustainable Development, Nadia Shah

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

The Government of India has been challenged with a growing housing demand for more than half a century, since its independence in 1947. The shift in the country’s population from rural to urban creates an emerging dynamic in the housing gap. While India continues to move forward, already the world’s fastest growing economy, in the realm of manufacturing and services, the housing demand continues to increase. This paper investigates the causes and consequences of the housing shortage in India, by examining the country’s past policies that have been public housing, sites and services, slum upgrading and self-help ...


Book Review: The Strip. Las Vegas And The Architecture Of The American Dream., Marta Soligo Nov 2018

Book Review: The Strip. Las Vegas And The Architecture Of The American Dream., Marta Soligo

UNLV Gaming Research & Review Journal

Book Review: The Strip. Las Vegas and the Architecture of the American Dream


Habitat For Humanity: A Student-Led Service Trip To Thailand, Amber Reiff Nov 2018

Habitat For Humanity: A Student-Led Service Trip To Thailand, Amber Reiff

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Amber Reiff started volunteering with Habitat for Humanity in high school and joined the Purdue Student Chapter as a freshman in 2014. During her sophomore year, she became more involved and held the position of Vice President of Development. While serving in this role, she planned on-campus advocacy events and recruited volunteers for Saturday site builds. In 2017, she traveled to Lampang, Thailand, over spring break with a group of like-minded students striving to make a difference. In this article, she shares her experiences on this trip and explores the impact of her participation. Beyond this trip, she has continued ...


Ala Wai Canal: The Bridging Of Opposites, Jonathan Quach, Thien Phuc Ngoc Nguyen, Isabella Yu Nov 2018

Ala Wai Canal: The Bridging Of Opposites, Jonathan Quach, Thien Phuc Ngoc Nguyen, Isabella Yu

Mānoa Horizons

Our lands were once naturally able to buffer, absorb, and filtrate water from the mountains. These qualities were lost when the Ala Wai Canal was created and Waikīkī became densely urbanized. Up in the mountains, the Makīkī, Mānoa, and Pālolo streams, which feed into Ala Wai, were degraded when neighborhoods were built around them, worsening the systematic health of the watershed and Ala Wai Canal. Trash, debris, petroleum, and sediment plague the waters—often washing up along the Ala Wai Canal after storms. The presence of concrete dominated the landscape, and soon, the health of our land, water and ecosystems ...


A Heart For Kapālama: Transforming Kapālama Canal Into An Urban Catalyst Through Renaturation And Remediation, Jonathan Quach Nov 2018

A Heart For Kapālama: Transforming Kapālama Canal Into An Urban Catalyst Through Renaturation And Remediation, Jonathan Quach

Mānoa Horizons

Over the last two centuries, Kapālama has undergone dramatic transformations. It was once a floodplain adorned with lo‘i (Taro) and fish ponds (DTL). Today, Kapālama is an industrial center, home to the working class. Originally, the canal was conceived and built in 1939 as a flood prevention measure; the stream’s periodic flooding became increasingly problematic as the population in the area grew denser (WCIT). Initially, the water quality was relatively clean as residents would regularly access the water to swim and fish (DTL). As industrial use became more prominent, water quality began to plummet, and the canal became ...


Managing The Rapid Urban Growth For Cities In Transition Countries, Binak Beqaj, Ylber Limani, Driton R. Kryeziu Nov 2018

Managing The Rapid Urban Growth For Cities In Transition Countries, Binak Beqaj, Ylber Limani, Driton R. Kryeziu

International Journal of Business and Technology

Through political transition, socio-economical trends of cities as urban areas contributed to huge movements of population from rural to urban areas or from small urban areas toward big urban areas, making them bigger, under the rapid growth. Those cities have faced:

  • Overloads with number of citizens,
  • Lack of adequate infrastructure and
  • Creativity deficiency for drafting and implementing urban development vision.

Consequently, the question is what qualitative life do cities offer when considering abovementioned suppositions related to rapid urban growth?

In general, for cities under rapid development, experts and authorities have not sufficiently succeeded to develop proper methodologies to neutralize chaotically ...


Urban Heat Islands (Uhi) Mitigation In Densely Urban City Of Tirana, Albania: Materials, Energy, Comfort, Sokol Dervishi, Eltjona Lacaj, Regina Vathi Nov 2018

Urban Heat Islands (Uhi) Mitigation In Densely Urban City Of Tirana, Albania: Materials, Energy, Comfort, Sokol Dervishi, Eltjona Lacaj, Regina Vathi

International Journal of Business and Technology

Urban Heat Island (UHI) is considered as one of the major problems in the 21st century as a result of urbanization and industrialization of human civilization. The urban structures generate a large amount of heat from solar radiations and other sources (i.e. anthropogenic heat). This situation is even worse in cities with high density and large population and extensive economic activities, Tirana, a densely urbanized city, is seriously facing this problem. In this context, the present paper is a review article aiming to present the actual state of the art on the development and the assessment of potential benefits ...


Territorial Planning Policy For Sustainable Development, Gjergj Thomai Nov 2018

Territorial Planning Policy For Sustainable Development, Gjergj Thomai

International Journal of Business and Technology

Urban planning in Albania, has been promoted in various forms of organization. Ultimately Territorial Planning Law represents another form of policies on the territory that is closely linked to the decentralization of control of the territory.

Up to now, four developments has been particularly important:

  • European approach, which gave an increase in economic and social cohesion policy;
  • Decentralization in the early 2000s, which has made local governments full participants in the process of territorial planning;
  • The emergence of the notion of sustainable development;
  • Initiation of international economic relations after the nineties.
Territorial planning policy for sustainable development requires meeting the ...


The Analysis Of Interface Of Social-Technical Aspects Within Transport Planning And Urban Design, Ylber Limani, Binak Beqaj, Vlora Aliu Nov 2018

The Analysis Of Interface Of Social-Technical Aspects Within Transport Planning And Urban Design, Ylber Limani, Binak Beqaj, Vlora Aliu

International Journal of Business and Technology

This paper discusses the essentials of social-technical aspects of urban development and transport planning. It describes the role and position of human factor in urban development and transport planning and its interface with technical elements. The paper argues the possibilities of optimization of the correlation between human factors and technical elements using the social-technical insights related turban design and transport planning. The research methodology has been based on qualitative empirical and theoretical approaches using the methods of combination the direct observation and the analysis of documents, and the literature. The working methodology has been based on the concept of organizational ...


Analogy In Elements: Breaking The National Identity, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu Nov 2018

Analogy In Elements: Breaking The National Identity, Kujtim Elezi, Nuran Saliu

International Journal of Business and Technology

The first aim of this paper is to present the after W.W.II temptation of the Macedonian authors to identify national elements that is Macedonian elements in houses build in Macedonia. After identifying them, the same elements (now national) will be used to declare the national heritage in Macedonian houses. Secondly, we would like to compare the same elements found as Macedonian with other places, like Turkey (involving Bursa, Istanbul and other cities), to see if they really are different as those from houses in Turkey, or there is a similarity between them.


The Socio-Cultural And Political Significance Of Coffeehouses And Coffee Culture During The Independence Processes Of Kosovo, Ajhan Bajmaku, Çınar Nartar Nov 2018

The Socio-Cultural And Political Significance Of Coffeehouses And Coffee Culture During The Independence Processes Of Kosovo, Ajhan Bajmaku, Çınar Nartar

International Journal of Business and Technology

The coffee culture in the Balkans spread and developed as the Ottoman Empire began using the region as a base that opened into Europe. This region with great strategic significance draws attention not only because it functioned as a bridge between the East and the West but also because of cultural and political values in perspective of the process of changes and developments that have taken place throughout time. As an establishment the coffeehouse is a vital concept for society. Beside their fundamental functions, coffeehouses have gained additional functions over the course of history. These additional functions are directed by ...


Steering Spatial Development In The Vienna Agglomeration, Thomas Dillinger Nov 2018

Steering Spatial Development In The Vienna Agglomeration, Thomas Dillinger

International Journal of Business and Technology

After the falling down of the “iron curtain” Vienna starts to grow again. It is now a metropolitan area with about 2.6 Mio. inhabitants. Vienna is surrounded by Lower Austria, which is one of the nine countries (Bundesländer) of Austria. Spatial Planning is based on the Austrian Constitution a complex matter. The Federal State, the Countries and the Municipalities have competences in Spatial Planning. Thus, in the agglomeration we are confronted with different spatial planning legislation, instruments and institution.In this situation basically three instruments have been developed to steer spatial development in the Vienna agglomeration: Lower Austria has ...


An Investigation Of Sustainability Issue For Building Construction In North Cyprus, Hasan Samih Kalwry M.Sc., Halil Zafer Alibaba Associate Professor Nov 2018

An Investigation Of Sustainability Issue For Building Construction In North Cyprus, Hasan Samih Kalwry M.Sc., Halil Zafer Alibaba Associate Professor

Journal of Environmental Sustainability

The action of construction it is perceived to have a significant influence on the environmental assessment. In spite of the confession that environmental issues are significant in the construction field, and is slow to alteration the conventional way to combine environmental issue as part of the decision process. With increased information and awareness about these influence, among these sustainable building construction and material issues. In this article was began with investigate these issues in the North Cyprus, a questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the scale of awareness, learning and implementation of sustainability in practices between architect’s perception and ...


Using Skype As A Qualitative Interview Medium Within The Context Of Saudi Arabia, Maryam Alkhateeb Oct 2018

Using Skype As A Qualitative Interview Medium Within The Context Of Saudi Arabia, Maryam Alkhateeb

The Qualitative Report

This research note reports the results of using Skype as a medium to conduct semi-structured interviews in qualitative studies within the context of Saudi Arabia. Skype audio-only interviews were used to explore the concept of privacy from the perspective of female users in the context of the spatial design of contemporary Saudi houses. The use of Skype audio-only, although accidental, turned out to be fortuitous. The researcher’s study design called for all face-to-face interviews, but due to the location of the researcher and participants and study time frame, some of the interviews were conducted face-to-face and the others were ...


Gentrifier By John Joe Schlichtman, Jason Patch, And Marc Lamont Hill, Hannah Brais Aug 2018

Gentrifier By John Joe Schlichtman, Jason Patch, And Marc Lamont Hill, Hannah Brais

The Goose

Review of John Joe Schlichtman, Jason Patch, and Marc Lamont Hill's Gentrifier.


Growing A Sustainable City?: The Question Of Urban Agriculture By Christina D. Rosan And Hamil Pearsall, Matthew Zantingh Aug 2018

Growing A Sustainable City?: The Question Of Urban Agriculture By Christina D. Rosan And Hamil Pearsall, Matthew Zantingh

The Goose

Review of Christina D. Rosan and Hamil Pearsall's Growing a Sustainable City?: The Question of Urban Agriculture.


Tokyo 20/20 Jul 2018

Tokyo 20/20

SIGNED: The Magazine of The Hong Kong Design Institute

With the Olympic and Paralympic Games heading to Tokyo in 2020, the city is going through a flurry of urban development and design change. And the revitalisation of public space is at the heart of the project


Open Spaces, Open Hearts Jul 2018

Open Spaces, Open Hearts

SIGNED: The Magazine of The Hong Kong Design Institute

Public space in the city provides exercise and discovery, a chance to commune with nature and neighbours. Landscape architects are addressing human needs in their designs, lifting citizens' spirits with their clever eye for sustainability, smart technology and authenticity


Narrow, Amberly White May 2018

Narrow, Amberly White

TYGR: Student Art and Literary Magazine 2018-present

No abstract provided.


The Destruction Of Cultural Heritage In The Yemen Conflict: Legal Implications And State Responsibility, Benjamin Passey May 2018

The Destruction Of Cultural Heritage In The Yemen Conflict: Legal Implications And State Responsibility, Benjamin Passey

Brigham Young University Prelaw Review

Since 2015, a violent war has waged in Yemen between rebel forces and a Saudi Arabian led coalition. This conflict has resulted in thousands of civilian casualties, an unparalleled humanitarian crisis, and the flagrant disregard and violation of international humanitarian law. A silent victim of the conflict is Yemen's millennia-old cultural heritage. Dozens of ancient monuments, historical buildings, and museums have been systematically targeted and destroyed by the coalition in unprecedented acts of cultural warfare. This paper examines the culpability of the Saudi led coalition in committing war crimes, the role of the United States in the conflict, and ...


Retour À L’Authenticité In The City: A Photo Essay, Ruth Sacks Dr Apr 2018

Retour À L’Authenticité In The City: A Photo Essay, Ruth Sacks Dr

Artl@s Bulletin

These photographs were taken as part of a larger research project tracing Mobutu Sese Seko’s construction projects in Kinshasa in the late 1960s and 1970s. The sites were part of a drive initially taking place under Mobutu’s cultural policy of retour à l’authenticité, instigated in 1967 as a means of taking recourse in pre-colonial Congolese traditions. This gave rise to a wide variety of architectural styles, adorned by artworks largely commissioned from a group called the avant-gardists. The selection of photos seen here presents glimpses of some of the sites and their artworks.


Comparative Study: Reducing Cost To Manage Accessibility With Existing Data, Claire Chu, Bill Kerneckel, Eric C. Larson, Nathan Mowat, Christopher Woodard Apr 2018

Comparative Study: Reducing Cost To Manage Accessibility With Existing Data, Claire Chu, Bill Kerneckel, Eric C. Larson, Nathan Mowat, Christopher Woodard

SMU Data Science Review

“Project Sidewalk” is an existing research effort that focuses on mapping accessibility issues for handicapped persons to efficiently plan wheelchair and mobile scooter friendly routes around Washington D.C. As supporters of this project, we utilized the data “Project Sidewalk” collected and used it to confirm predictions about where problem sidewalks exist based on real estate and crime data. We present a study that identifies correlations found between accessibility data and crime and housing statistics in the Washington D.C. metropolitan area. We identify the key reasons for increased accessibility and the issues with the current infrastructure management system. After ...


Requiescat In Pace: The Cemetery Dedication And Its Implications For Land Use In Louisiana And Beyond, Ryan M. Seidemann Apr 2018

Requiescat In Pace: The Cemetery Dedication And Its Implications For Land Use In Louisiana And Beyond, Ryan M. Seidemann

William & Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review

No abstract provided.


Ranking Of Human Senses In Relation To Different In-Flight Activities Contributing To The Comfort Experience Of Airplane Passengers, Joyce Bouwens, Suzanne Hiemstra-Van Mastrigt, Peter Vink Apr 2018

Ranking Of Human Senses In Relation To Different In-Flight Activities Contributing To The Comfort Experience Of Airplane Passengers, Joyce Bouwens, Suzanne Hiemstra-Van Mastrigt, Peter Vink

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

Bubb, Bengler, Grünen, and Vollrath (2015) identified six environmental comfort factors and ordered them from most important to least important (smell, light, vibrations, sound, climate and anthropometry). This paper attempts to verify whether this suggested order of comfort-related factors also applies to the expectations of aircraft passengers. For this purpose, two studies were carried out. First, a survey was conducted among 183 aircraft passengers between 19 and 64 years old. In this survey, respondents were asked to rank six comfort factors by selecting the most important factor from 15 pairs of factors (e.g. light versus smell). The respondents indicated ...


The Devil You Don’T Know: A Spatial Analysis Of Crime At Newark’S Prudential Center On Hockey Game Days, Justin Kurland, Eric Piza Apr 2018

The Devil You Don’T Know: A Spatial Analysis Of Crime At Newark’S Prudential Center On Hockey Game Days, Justin Kurland, Eric Piza

Journal of Sport Safety and Security

Inspired by empirical research on spatial crime patterns in and around sports venues in the United Kingdom, this paper sought to measure the criminogenic extent of 216 hockey games that took place at the Prudential Center in Newark, NJ between 2007-2016. Do games generate patterns of crime in the areas beyond the arena, and if so, for what type of crime and how far? Police-recorded data for Newark are examined using a variety of exploratory methods and non-parametric permutation tests to visualize differences in crime patterns between game and non-game days across all of Newark and the downtown area. Change ...


Cartoon Corner Mar 2018

Cartoon Corner

Focus

No abstract provided.


Theses And Professional Projects: 2016/2017 Ay Mar 2018

Theses And Professional Projects: 2016/2017 Ay

Focus

For fulfilment of the MCRP degree at Cal Poly’s CRP department, the student may choose between developing a thesis or a professional project, or a specific individual project in a final planning studio.

The following abstracts are from master’s theses and projects defended in the 2016/2017 AY. They are available to download from Cal Poly’s Kennedy Library at http://digitalcommons.calpoly.edu/theses.


Learning From California: Highlights From Crp Studios 2016/2017 Ay Mar 2018

Learning From California: Highlights From Crp Studios 2016/2017 Ay

Focus

These are some highlights of the studio projects from both BSCRP and MCRP programs during the 2016-17 academic year. The studios are fundamental in the learn-by-doing pedagogy embraced by the department, and help shaping students into professionals that are fully engaged with their communities.


Conversations With Alumni - Back To Basics: Planning In The Peace Corps, Rwanda, Michael Heater Mar 2018

Conversations With Alumni - Back To Basics: Planning In The Peace Corps, Rwanda, Michael Heater

Focus

Before studying planning, Michael worked as a professional photographer, primarily in the newspaper industry. He served as a Peace Corps volunteer from 2014-2016 in Rwanda with his wife. He is now working as a Realty Specialist with the General Services Administration. He and his wife currently live in Philadelphia with their adopted Rwandan cat. Check out Michael’s article with Brian Harrington “Creating more than a Snapshot: Photography for Planning and Design”, in FOCUS 9 (2012).


Conversations With Alumni: Nadege Dubuisson, Nadege Dubuisson Mar 2018

Conversations With Alumni: Nadege Dubuisson, Nadege Dubuisson

Focus

No abstract provided.