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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Sustainable Building Materials Of The Future: Architectural Forms And Structural Design, Sean Sadler, Moritz Meditz Aug 2021

Sustainable Building Materials Of The Future: Architectural Forms And Structural Design, Sean Sadler, Moritz Meditz

Symposium of Student Scholars

This research investigates the use of non-rigid formwork and the techniques aiming to create more efficient concrete forms. During casting, concrete takes the shape of its formwork; traditionally, these formworks are made of rigid materials like steel or wood. The results are prismatic members, which are not optimized for material usage but only for simplicity in construction. Most of the research in the area focuses on improving the constituent materials, while the formworks have remained unchanged throughout the years. By using the approach described in this study, optimized shapes are achieved. These geometries can save up to 30% of the ...


From Displaced To Our Place: Using An Educational Narrative To Build Community In A Displaced Community, Morgan Frederick Aug 2021

From Displaced To Our Place: Using An Educational Narrative To Build Community In A Displaced Community, Morgan Frederick

Symposium of Student Scholars

Thomasville heights is a displacement neighborhood for people pushed out by Atlanta’s Urban Renewal projects. Thomasville Heights remains a casualty of a system of economic segregation. Under this system of segregation these neighborhoods are left in detrimental states. It is in places like Thomasville Heights where the phrase “place matters” becomes a call to action. A town of 6000 residents and only one elementary school, Thomasville heights is bordered by multiple freight yards, a cemetery, landfills, and Atlanta’s US penitentiary, just a 5-minute walk from that one elementary school. There remains a vast difference between that of low-income ...


Restoring History: Mixed-Use Hotel & Retail Center, William Chase Sisk Aug 2021

Restoring History: Mixed-Use Hotel & Retail Center, William Chase Sisk

Symposium of Student Scholars

Monroe, Georgia, is a unique small town, located halfway between Athens and Atlanta. The small-town atmosphere and amenities have become a popular destination for people attracted to the historic buildings, downtown events and UGA football home games. Monroe is popular for its wedding venues, antique malls, and car shows, but there are not enough hotel rooms. Currently within the historic downtown, there are only one bed and breakfast, two AirBNB’s, and no hotels, although every downtown storefront is occupied by restaurants, retail stores, and businesses.

The need for overnight accommodations has raised the possibility of a new mixed-use hotel ...


Usri Research Poster, Christian Undseth Aug 2021

Usri Research Poster, Christian Undseth

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

This is my USRI research output and recording for analysis of public transit services accessibility and development impacts.


Solar Panel Recycling In The United States, Divyesh Shelar Apr 2021

Solar Panel Recycling In The United States, Divyesh Shelar

Undergraduate Research Conference at Missouri S&T

The last decade has seen enormous growth in the solar industry across the globe. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IREnA) in 2015 solar energy produced about 222 gigawatts worldwide with expected growth to top 4500 gigawatts by 2050. By comparison the United States is expected to see an additional 10.6 gigawatts in 2018. The Midwest has seen similar growth in the solar industry within the past decade. The problem is the technology used to convert the sun’s rays into electrical energy does not last forever. On average the industry rates a solar panel's life span ...


Solar Panel Recycling In The United States, Hattie Matthews Apr 2021

Solar Panel Recycling In The United States, Hattie Matthews

Undergraduate Research Conference at Missouri S&T

The last decade has seen enormous growth in the solar industry across the globe. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency (IREnA) in 2015 solar energy produced about 222 gigawatts worldwide with expected growth to top 4500 gigawatts by 2050. By comparison the United States is expected to see an additional 10.6 gigawatts in 2018. The Midwest has seen similar growth in the solar industry within the past decade. The problem is the technology used to convert the sun’s rays into electrical energy does not last forever. On average the industry rates a solar panel's life span ...


Researching Current Data Trends And Amenities To Improve The Community And Wellbeing In Higher Education, Michaela Gensler, Shayla Gardner, Brooke Ward Apr 2021

Researching Current Data Trends And Amenities To Improve The Community And Wellbeing In Higher Education, Michaela Gensler, Shayla Gardner, Brooke Ward

Undergraduate Research Conference

The interior design students goal was to design a new residence hall and dining facility for the SFASU campus. The design intention was to create functional spaces that allow student collaboration and motivate social interactions, while providing features that enhance student academic success and personal development.

Quantitative and qualitative data was collected by conducting surveys regarding the current housing and dining facilities on campus. Results from the current student’s surveys and from interviews of student/staff members on campus allowed the team to create the most functional plan. Researching current trends and amenities offered at campuses across the country ...


B10: Controlling Saltwater Intrusion: Aiding The Recovery Of Freshwater Ecosystems, Willem Maniago, Stefanie Whitmire, Dan Hitchcock Apr 2021

B10: Controlling Saltwater Intrusion: Aiding The Recovery Of Freshwater Ecosystems, Willem Maniago, Stefanie Whitmire, Dan Hitchcock

Annual Research Symposium

As sea levels rise, it is imperative to understand the effects of saltwater intrusion on freshwater ecosystems. This is especially true in the coastal wetlands of the SE US, where freshwater forests are dying from exposure to salinity. One management strategy that could prevent salinity intrusion in surface waters are water control structures (WCS). The Great Reserve, located outside of Georgetown, SC, represents a biodiverse freshwater forested wetland affected by saltwater intrusion from the adjacent tidal Black River. Several years ago, scientists and landowners observed the degradation of the ecosystem. The owners of the property installed a WCS at the ...


Quality Of Life Of Residents In Urban Areas Of Regulatory Plans In Kosovo, Marjan Ivezaj Oct 2020

Quality Of Life Of Residents In Urban Areas Of Regulatory Plans In Kosovo, Marjan Ivezaj

UBT International Conference

No abstract provided.


Implementation Of E-Urbanization In The Legal Framework Of The Republic Of North Macedonia, Zaklina Angelovska, Strahinja Trpevski Oct 2020

Implementation Of E-Urbanization In The Legal Framework Of The Republic Of North Macedonia, Zaklina Angelovska, Strahinja Trpevski

UBT International Conference

The previous government found that e-business of public institutions, especially in the implementation of laws directly related to urban planning, investment and construction of buildings includes 4 key laws: Law on Construction Land, Law on Construction of Buildings, Law on Spatial and Urban Planning, Law on Cadastre and real estate. These are the foundations on which software solutions have been made for the implementation of legal proceedings in these areas. All this has led to being country ranked 10th out of 190 countries in the world on the Doing Business list in 2019. This system enables an efficient, transparent and ...


Art Gallery In Presevo, Jetesa Qerimi, Lulzim Beqiri Oct 2020

Art Gallery In Presevo, Jetesa Qerimi, Lulzim Beqiri

UBT International Conference

The main function of art galleries is the promotion of fine arts. Different arts are considered as drawings, pictures, figurines, wires or installation art. Young artists dream of displaying their artwork in the gallery because it is a way to start building their career. Art worshipers visit art galleries and explore the artworks exhibited. If the artwork is good, it will gain recognition and there will be an opportunity for the artist to be well-known. Art galleries have two classifications: the exclusive and open audience. Exclusive art galleries are held for the private purpose of promoting and selling works of ...


Contemporary Architecture Of Social Buildings And Importance Of Their Photographic Presentation, Zana Prelvukaj, Anisa Rada Oct 2020

Contemporary Architecture Of Social Buildings And Importance Of Their Photographic Presentation, Zana Prelvukaj, Anisa Rada

UBT International Conference

In this paper will be treated the topic; Contemporary Architecture of social buildings in Pristina, during the years 2000-2015. The research aims to inform the reader about the history of architectural buildings, inspiration, time of construction, operation of the building, materials and the way of design which was used in the years in which it was built. The information obtained from the research, shows in detail the way of architectural creation of the work, as a characteristic building of the time which is rich with a series of technological and artistic features which give value to the building and represent ...


Spatial Planning Of A Territory For The Possibility Of Developing An Economic Zone "Case Study Of The Kërqevë-Lipjan Economic Zone", Ajet Gashi Oct 2020

Spatial Planning Of A Territory For The Possibility Of Developing An Economic Zone "Case Study Of The Kërqevë-Lipjan Economic Zone", Ajet Gashi

UBT International Conference

The purpose of this manuscript is to make this manuscript applicable and functional in practice. The basis for starting the design of this project is MDP - Lipjan, the decision of M.A. Lipjan for the formation of EZ. EZs are suitable physical spaces and objects in a well- controlled and managed environment, in a convenient location, which is a very important element in the development of enterprises of a country. Thus, EZs are also measuring instruments of the economic development of the country. The economic benefit of building the Economic Zone would be manifold. If it is assumed the full ...


City & City Center, The Application Of Space Syntax, Arsim Murseli Oct 2020

City & City Center, The Application Of Space Syntax, Arsim Murseli

UBT International Conference

The city, the urban space is in the process of continuous urban change, a process that is encouraged by complex structures and systems, a process that also needs to be addressed, discussed to be addressed and redirected. The topic of my study is the city center as a central and representative area of each city with, the application of spatial syntax analysis in urban research and planning. Sustainable development of a solution that can be characterized by a process in which the quality of life is developed in such a way that social and economic life is not a threat ...


Sustainable Management Of Water Resources In Urban Areas As An Integrated Part Of Urban Planning, Drenushe Fidani, Violeta Gesovska, Valentina Zileska Pancovska Oct 2020

Sustainable Management Of Water Resources In Urban Areas As An Integrated Part Of Urban Planning, Drenushe Fidani, Violeta Gesovska, Valentina Zileska Pancovska

UBT International Conference

Urban planning plays a key role in the global response to climate change and its impact on water resources. Therefore, the management of water resources and their consideration in sustainable urban planning is a challenge for planners, which will be increasingly emphasized in the future. In this paper, by comparing the current situation in the city of Gostivar in R.N.Macedonia and the planned situation with the General Urban Plan, the possibilities for greater respect for water resources in urban development are perceived. It is concluded that, for the specific case in urban planning, there are opportunities to improve ...


Factors That Contributed To The Failure Of The Pruitt-Igoe Housing, Visar Shllaku Oct 2020

Factors That Contributed To The Failure Of The Pruitt-Igoe Housing, Visar Shllaku

UBT International Conference

The demolition scene with explosives of the Pruitt-Igoe 1 buildings in St. Louis, Missouri, was part of the American experimental documentary film "Life out of Balance". The complete and utter destruction of a massive modern housing project seen in the video inspired me to search for the truth behind the scenes. Even though designed by Minoru Yamasaki 2 and inspired by Le Corbusier and the CIAM 3 , the Pruitt-Igoe project underwent modifications by public housing authority that eventually resulted in changes during the design and construction phase. Incomplete implementation of Yamasaki's initial design and many subsequent revisions of the ...


Architectural Design Of Multifunctional Center In Prishtina, Bard Bajqinovci, Lulzim Beqiri Oct 2020

Architectural Design Of Multifunctional Center In Prishtina, Bard Bajqinovci, Lulzim Beqiri

UBT International Conference

Trade and the business process, the system of human development has undergone major transformations in relation to the development of life style of the urbanites, moreover with improvement of human standard of living. The main purpose of this paper is to promote greater architectural design knowledge in the field of multifunctional contemporary structures, and thus further encourage of academic research. Through a review of the literature, the paper explores various aspects related to the planning, design, philosophy, convenience, policy, sustainability and efficiency of those nowadays structures. The following research methods are used for the purposes of this paper: the basic ...


The Process Of Legalization Of Residential Buildings In Co- Ownership, As An Indicator Of Economic Development, Ramë Hamzaj Oct 2020

The Process Of Legalization Of Residential Buildings In Co- Ownership, As An Indicator Of Economic Development, Ramë Hamzaj

UBT International Conference

The housing sector in Kosovo is facing the same challenges as other post-communist countries during the transition period. The migration of the population from rural areas to suburban urban areas, led to the development of rapid trends in the construction of residential buildings in co-ownership. The lack of capacities in the relevant municipal directorates for fast provision of sustainable urban planning, led to the construction of many residential buildings in co-ownership, without construction conditions and without construction permits. Institutional delays in establishing and harmonizing procedures in the planning and construction process, such as the Municipal Development Plan, Urban Development Plan ...


Anthropometric Requirements Of Children For Furniture Dimensions In Lower Secondary Schools In Kosovo (Study Case - Children Aged 8-10 Years), Rrahim Sejdiu, Blertë Sylejmani, Anduela Kasumaj, Erza Kadriu, Agron Bajraktari Oct 2020

Anthropometric Requirements Of Children For Furniture Dimensions In Lower Secondary Schools In Kosovo (Study Case - Children Aged 8-10 Years), Rrahim Sejdiu, Blertë Sylejmani, Anduela Kasumaj, Erza Kadriu, Agron Bajraktari

UBT International Conference

The care for children is and should be the main part of a society. Successful periods were those that had the same care for children, starting from the family as the main cell of society, followed by school which has been and is the place where children learn and get educated, then also the state and all society institutions that at any case shouldn’t leave the attention for children behind so they can also see the paths of their future. Of course family and school have the main role in this education and teaching, because that’s where everything ...


Ornamental Plant Species For Urban Public Green Spaces, Nexhat Balaj Oct 2020

Ornamental Plant Species For Urban Public Green Spaces, Nexhat Balaj

UBT International Conference

This paper aims to analyze and identify the urban vegetation and green spaces in Prishtina urban area such as; parks and green spaces, vegetation, type of trees, shrubs, urban forests and woodlands, planted public flower beds, greenway, private, public gardens and other vegetation. Urban vegetation plays an important role when it comes to cope with the challenges that are related to the urban infrastructure of 21st century. During our work we have studied vegetation in five urban green spaces in the central and northern parts of the city of Prishtina, capital Republic of Kosovo.Urban vegetation and green areas presents ...


Building The Same Houses - Social Category, Nexhat Cocaj Oct 2020

Building The Same Houses - Social Category, Nexhat Cocaj

UBT International Conference

In the Albanian area, especially in Kosovo, in recent decades there has been construction of houses with the same appearance (projects). The phenomenon of building houses with the same appearance, in addition to the elements of cultural heritage, it also includes elements of social life. The construction of such houses is happening not only because of their appearance, but also to prove social equality, which equality affects the aspect of economic life, namely the preservation of social equality in a close family, or even more wide. The phenomenon of building the same houses is more present in rural areas, but ...


Travelers In The Ottoman Balkans. Descriptions And Comments On The Architectural And Urban Environment In The Thrace Region Between 15 Th And Early 20 Th Century, Luca Orlandi Oct 2020

Travelers In The Ottoman Balkans. Descriptions And Comments On The Architectural And Urban Environment In The Thrace Region Between 15 Th And Early 20 Th Century, Luca Orlandi

UBT International Conference

This paper focuses on the architectural and urban environment of Thrace region during the Ottoman Empire and its perceptions witnessed by Western travelers from 15th to early 20th century. Due to their expansion in the Balkans’ region, a remarkable effort was done by the Ottoman Turks to replace the Byzantine hegemony in those lands. Thrace region, herewith introduced as a case study, present an impressive number of artifacts which were planned or reorganized by the new rulers to enhance the conquered and ‘Ottomanized’ territories. Many of those artefacts disappeared in time and thanks to the travelers who left several written ...


Predesign Phase-Model Of Consequent Developing And Managing Architectural Projects And Its Possible Application In Legal Framework, Strahinja Trpevski, Dimitar Papasterevski Oct 2020

Predesign Phase-Model Of Consequent Developing And Managing Architectural Projects And Its Possible Application In Legal Framework, Strahinja Trpevski, Dimitar Papasterevski

UBT International Conference

The transformation and development of the conceptual idea (conceptual architectural solution) in the preliminary and main architectural project design documentation for construction is successively moving from something less defined (relatively) to something comprehensive, precise and clearly defined (materialized). In this paper is analyzed process of selected consequential and inverse research and decision-making steps which resolved architectural and other problems in the development of the process. Considering the fact that the development of architectural projects is a process of permanent consequential and inverse research on aesthetic shaping and material aspects of the architectural product, architectural construction, a key thesis of this ...


Sustainable Development And Regenerative Sustainability In The Legal Urban Framework Of The Republic Of North Macedonia – Challenge Or Utopia, Strahinja Trpevski, Zaklina Angelovska Oct 2020

Sustainable Development And Regenerative Sustainability In The Legal Urban Framework Of The Republic Of North Macedonia – Challenge Or Utopia, Strahinja Trpevski, Zaklina Angelovska

UBT International Conference

We abuse the land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see the land as a community to which we belong we may begin to use it with love and respect- is a deep thinking of Aldo Leopold. This promotes a regenerative shift in the sustainability concept, no longer only considering resources and energy, but also significant human-centric attributes and a space. This paper presents the context in which urban planners can contribute to raising the values of sustainability, attitudes and behavior in future regenerative societies, while critically analyzing 20 years of continuous profound change ...


The Climate Change Impacts On Cities In Antiquity In Civilisation Centres Of The Extended Mediterranean And Near East Regions (The Import Of History), Vladimíra Šilhánková Oct 2020

The Climate Change Impacts On Cities In Antiquity In Civilisation Centres Of The Extended Mediterranean And Near East Regions (The Import Of History), Vladimíra Šilhánková

UBT International Conference

This document is in the required format. The paper explores the correlation between the climate change and the evolution of settlements. For analysis we picked out the civilisation centres of the extended Mediterranean and Near East regions. Based on the comparison of the selected settlements´ development stages with the charts showing the precipitation in the respective periods, we came up with a set of seven charts covering the period between 3000 BCE and 500 CE, that compare the global precipitation with the manifestation of urban and civilisation activities. The assumption that the global climate course had an impact on the ...


Cultural Heritage In Kosovo - Conservation, Restoration And International Documents Governing This Field, Pajazit Hajzeri Oct 2020

Cultural Heritage In Kosovo - Conservation, Restoration And International Documents Governing This Field, Pajazit Hajzeri

UBT International Conference

Kosovo, as well as many other parts of the Balkan region, has found itself in the midst of the necessary development processes and the long-term importance of protecting and rehabilitating cultural heritage monuments. The social and political upheavals of the twentieth century have forced the rapid transformation of existing urban centers, and sometimes the gradual and sometimes violent destruction of historical and cultural structures. Other areas, of rural and agricultural origin, are being transformed into administrative centers of various character. The peripheral layout, the chaotic development within the city, the incoherent architectural expression and the overloaded infrastructure are the other ...


9th International Conference On Business, Technology And Innovation 2020, University For Business And Technology - Ubt Oct 2020

9th International Conference On Business, Technology And Innovation 2020, University For Business And Technology - Ubt

UBT International Conference

Welcome to IC – UBT 2020

UBT Annual International Conference is the 9th international interdisciplinary peer reviewed conference which publishes works of the scientists as well as practitioners in the area where UBT is active in Education, Research and Development. The UBT aims to implement an integrated strategy to establish itself as an internationally competitive, research-intensive university, committed to the transfer of knowledge and the provision of a world-class education to the most talented students from all background. The main perspective of the conference is to connect the scientists and practitioners from different disciplines in the same place and make them ...


Typology Of Neighborhood Public Open Spaces: Case Study Of Pristina, Safete Veliu, Mimoza Sylejmani Oct 2020

Typology Of Neighborhood Public Open Spaces: Case Study Of Pristina, Safete Veliu, Mimoza Sylejmani

UBT International Conference

Neighborhoods are an integral part of the city and their planning plays an important role in quality of life. They are composed of several elements that directly impacts on society, one of these components are public spaces.

This seminar will treat public spaces as part of neighborhood that impact on sustainability of them. Case study of this research are two neighborhoods, Ulpiana and Mati 1 in Pristina, which city has had a rapid construction after the last war. In this research is made a comparison between two neighborhoods planned in different periods, Ulpiana is one of the neighborhoods in Pristina ...


International Conference Architecture And Spatial Planning, University For Business And Technology - Ubt Oct 2020

International Conference Architecture And Spatial Planning, University For Business And Technology - Ubt

UBT International Conference

UBT Annual International Conference is the 9th international interdisciplinary peer reviewed conference which publishes works of the scientists as well as practitioners in the area where UBT is active in Education, Research and Development. The UBT aims to implement an integrated strategy to establish itself as an internationally competitive, research-intensive university, committed to the transfer of knowledge and the provision of a world-class education to the most talented students from all background. The main perspective of the conference is to connect the scientists and practitioners from different disciplines in the same place and make them be aware of the recent ...


Olivet Nazarene University Ward Field Parking Garage, Eric Everley, Micah Rodriguez, Joel Hasselbring, Robert W. Rienow Apr 2020

Olivet Nazarene University Ward Field Parking Garage, Eric Everley, Micah Rodriguez, Joel Hasselbring, Robert W. Rienow

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Over past years, Olivet Nazarene University has grown a tremendous amount. Including the construction of new buildings and the increasing population of faculty and students, this growth has created a need for more parking space. In this past semester our team has been working to design a solution to this issue. We have decided to design a three-story parking garage spanning the entire parking lot east of Centennial Chapel. This parking garage will include approximately 800 additional parking spaces and will include a commuter lounge and locker rooms for the Olivet Nazarene football team. The additional parking spaces will provide ...