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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Epics Gaqt: Nandi Clean Kitchen Study, Yichen Fan Dec 2018

Epics Gaqt: Nandi Clean Kitchen Study, Yichen Fan

Engagement & Service-Learning Summit: Connecting Through Listening & Scholarship

No abstract provided.


New Vision And Reuse: Yale Pump Station, Jose Rene Frayre Jr, Leroy Daniel Duarte, Ronak Francesico Shah, Celina Elisa Crimella Nov 2018

New Vision And Reuse: Yale Pump Station, Jose Rene Frayre Jr, Leroy Daniel Duarte, Ronak Francesico Shah, Celina Elisa Crimella

Shared Knowledge Conference

The strategic location of the Pump Station and its history, scream for a need of a public space that creates a dialogue between the University and the City of Albuquerque. The Pump Station was built in the early 1930's by the City of Albuquerque as a building to house the pump equipment for the large water reservoir. Both were purchased by UNM in 1990, with the reservoir being recently demolished by the Physics and Astronomy Interdisciplinary Studies (PAIS) breaking ground this year, the preservation of the Pump Station has become increasingly important while it has remained underused and forgetting ...


Planning For Protest: The Spatial Dimensions Of Civil Resistance Movements In Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Nora Lamm Nov 2018

Planning For Protest: The Spatial Dimensions Of Civil Resistance Movements In Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, Nora Lamm

Shared Knowledge Conference

This research project seeks to better understand how protests of varying sizes take place in public spaces, focusing on the city of Rio de Janeiro. The relationship between cities and protests has increasingly gained importance as urban areas throughout the world become epicenters for demanding greater political rights and expanded notions of citizenship (Harvey, 2003) (Vicino, 2017). Understanding the dynamics of protest in Rio de Janeiro is particularly important now as the city struggles to overcome a financial crisis following nearly a decade of hosting international mega-events including the 2016 Olympics. Unstable funding has led to a public security crisis ...


The Effectiveness Of Albuquerque's "There Is No Poop Fairy" Campaign, Sergio Lozoya Nov 2018

The Effectiveness Of Albuquerque's "There Is No Poop Fairy" Campaign, Sergio Lozoya

Shared Knowledge Conference

This research seeks to understand the effectiveness of the There is no Poop Fairy campaign through a public survey of dog owners. The There Is No Poop Fairy campaign was initiated in Albuquerque, New Mexico, in 2014, with the goal of getting dog owners to pick up and properly dispose of their dogs’ waste. The Rio Grande is contaminated with E. coli bacteria that originates in part from dog waste, which is carried to the river through storm water. Levels of E. coli in the Rio Grande have decreased dramatically within the past few years, coincident with the campaign. The ...


A Rural New Mexico Village's Perspectives Of Local Problems, Strengths And Solutions: Asset Mapping And Issue Prioritization For Community Development, Rita Y. Martinez Nov 2018

A Rural New Mexico Village's Perspectives Of Local Problems, Strengths And Solutions: Asset Mapping And Issue Prioritization For Community Development, Rita Y. Martinez

Shared Knowledge Conference

Understanding community perspectives regarding local needs, problems and assets is an important step towards community development. Needs assessments help identify gaps in public policies and/or available public services, such as public utilities, public safety, education, housing, health, and transportation, as well as asses the local/regional economy that affect the quality of life of residents. Assessment data helps to inform the development of useful interventions and data informed decision-making processes that can later be evaluated for their effectiveness and/or to make improvements and adjustments to public policies, and local initiatives to reach community goals. In rural communities, needs ...


High Performance Mortar With 100% Recycled Aggregate Using Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, Molly Schrager, Vito Francioso, Arjun Kadakia, Mirian Velay-Lizancos Aug 2018

High Performance Mortar With 100% Recycled Aggregate Using Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles, Molly Schrager, Vito Francioso, Arjun Kadakia, Mirian Velay-Lizancos

The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium

Concrete and mortar are materials commonly used in construction. Their main compounds are cement, aggregates (sand and gravel) and water. In an effort to increase the sustainability of these materials, the idea of using recycled aggregates from ground old concrete and using it to make mortar and concrete has gained more interest. It has two advantages: it reduces the need to mine for raw materials and lessens the amount of old and defective concrete that is typically put in landfills. But, the use of recycled concrete aggregate lowers the strength of mortars and concretes because the residual compounds in the ...


My Catalyst, Gabrielle Gambino Lyon Jul 2018

My Catalyst, Gabrielle Gambino Lyon

Celebration of Learning

Over the course of my internship and shadow program with Pepper Lawson Construction and Ziegler Cooper Architects, I was able to explore the various career paths involved in the design, construction, and civil engineering fields. My work on the construction site of a high-rise apartment building located in the heart of Houston, TX allowed me first-hand experience working and learning alongside project engineers, contractors, building developers, and the construction team.

This project was the perfect confluence of my main areas of interest: structural, mechanical, civil, and environmental engineering, as well as architecture. My daily work consisted of on-site walk throughs ...


Infratecture: Infrastructure As Architecture, David Aaron Wright Jun 2018

Infratecture: Infrastructure As Architecture, David Aaron Wright

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

In today’s society, we are given a systematic way to understand, think, and ultimately, exist in the world. These systems can be seen in christianity, eighteen- wheeler trucks, veganism, or plane travel. All distinctively different, yet similar in that each one defines the way you project yourself. In the layered nature of infrastructure, there are two stages where this primarily plays out: 1 Logistics - Whats it takes to get the latest, greatest iPhone to the market/the money it will take, the labor, the energy. 2 Culture - The reverberation of getting the latest, greatest iPhone to market. How it ...


Futurefictions, Mara Caoile May 2018

Futurefictions, Mara Caoile

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

futurefictions is the title of my self-directed project which contemplates about the speed in which a city changes over time in order to compose new and dynamic architecture that encourage the preservation of history and cultural resilience through the lens of contemporary urban narratives. The subject of study is Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, and a city that is close to my existence. Manila as a post-colonial society embodies the impact of how the sense of time affects the sense of place: from the remnants of past foreign occupations, to the rapid influence of modern globalization. Manila poses ...


In Shadow Of Disaster, Meredith Rene Graves May 2018

In Shadow Of Disaster, Meredith Rene Graves

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

People are drawn to places of safety, familiarity and stability – places they call home. The built environment then becomes a visible measurement of the security of a community: if structures are intact, so are the people housed within them. Yet each year with increasing intensity and frequency, natural disasters are wrecking buildings and communities all over the globe. The unstoppable force of a natural disaster remains undetectable and unpredictable, even with scientific experts employing the most technologically—advanced monitoring systems.

Due to its diverse landscapes and amount of coastal territory, the United States consistently suffers from natural disasters. According to ...


Daylighting Optimization Study: Rock Creek High School Commons Skylight Optimization, Razieh Hosseini Nezhad, Ashley Mcdaniel-Harpster, Nicholas Papaefthimiou, Rosemary Hill May 2018

Daylighting Optimization Study: Rock Creek High School Commons Skylight Optimization, Razieh Hosseini Nezhad, Ashley Mcdaniel-Harpster, Nicholas Papaefthimiou, Rosemary Hill

Student Research Symposium

The aim of this study is to optimize the shape of the skylights in order to enhance daylighting. Rhino, Diva, Grasshopper, and Galapagos are the softwares utilized to test differing shapes on top and bottom of the shaft of the skylight, and the findings show preference to those with beneficial impacts on Spatial daylighting autonomy (sDA) of greater than 55% and Annual Solar Exposure (ASE) of less than 10%. Selecting metrics within the above parameters result in optimal skylight geometry with highest daylighting output. The initial purpose of the experiment was to optimize the design of the skylight shaft with ...


Community Space In Little Russia, Kay Cassidy Apr 2018

Community Space In Little Russia, Kay Cassidy

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

What makes a public space really work? What is the critical mix/balance of elements that exist in places that are successful and obvious when missing? How can urban designers account for what will make it successful, especially when designing for a specific community? Kay investigates the "Little Russia" neighborhood of San Francisco with mapping and interview techniques.


Architecture: A Tool For Fighting Air Pollution, Ana Lorena Rode Viesca, Khoury Ibrahim Apr 2018

Architecture: A Tool For Fighting Air Pollution, Ana Lorena Rode Viesca, Khoury Ibrahim

Creative Activity and Research Day - CARD

Air pollution is a threat to cities all across the globe. Architecture surrounds us and shapes our everyday lives; employing architecture to help fight air pollution could have a big impact on the quality of life in both developed and developing countries.


Transecting The Heart: An Atrium Investigation, Aubrey Sofia Bader, Sandra Ghabrial Apr 2018

Transecting The Heart: An Atrium Investigation, Aubrey Sofia Bader, Sandra Ghabrial

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

An oxbow in a river creates a peninsula with a unique environment, distant from the surrounding land. Similarly, the oxbow-shaped Federal Center South Building 1202 contains a peninsula, an enclosed atrium, with an environment unlike the flowing current of offices that surround it. The cool modern offices are contrasted with the warmth of the central timber structure. The exposed timber beams and columns consist of wood reclaimed from a warehouse that previously stood on the site. In conversation with the modern oxbow of offices, the timber is reinforced by steel beams, giving it new life.

During our initial research phase ...


Force Shift Ice Pavilion, Aaron Schordock Apr 2018

Force Shift Ice Pavilion, Aaron Schordock

Undergraduate Research Symposium

This study proposes and demonstrates that the application of the hybrid medium of ice and fiber to a traditional building method and material can shift the forces in tension to compression thus introducing an innovative strategy for changing the structural energy for a temporary ice pavilion build proposal for an ice structure competition in Harbin, China. By utilizing the inherent properties of ice for structural purposes, a rope, column and fabric structure is transmuted into a fabric and ice structure.

A tripartite cylindrical form of wood, fabric and rope, will allow the cohesive nature of an ice-fiber medium applied to ...


A True Self-Supportive Structure, Connor Kaldor Apr 2018

A True Self-Supportive Structure, Connor Kaldor

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Self-supportive concrete shells are a harmonious mix of utilitarian materiality and inspiring form. Structurally stable, beautiful, and easy to conceptualize; Most shells structures can be derived from simplistic exercises and accurately represented by scaled models. These structures are something truly special but despite the great achievements of lightweight shell structures, they still require one unfortunate necessity. A shell structure often requires intensive form work or scaffolding to facilitate the construction process. Some solutions exist like cable-stayed key stones or streamlined versions of what we know as scaffolding. While nominally effective, these solutions fall short of the achievements of what they ...


From Swing King To Swing Kids: The Jazz Era Of ‘Big Band Orchestras’ In World War Ii, Katie Victoria Burnopp Apr 2018

From Swing King To Swing Kids: The Jazz Era Of ‘Big Band Orchestras’ In World War Ii, Katie Victoria Burnopp

Student Scholar Showcase

Known as the ‘King of Swing’, clarinetist and band leader Benny Goodman (1909-1986) threatened the Nazi cause during WWII. With intent of improving music pedagogy, the purpose of this research was to investigate swing music during World War II. The particular problems of this study were to: (1) identify how the swing music of Benny Goodman (1909-1986) influenced adolescents in the United States of America, United Kingdom, and Germany; (2) explore the Nazi party view on ‘swing’ music of the era; (3) examine how the music of Charlie and his Orchestra became used as a tool for Nazi propaganda; and ...


Accessible Bike Share For The Midsized City, Caitlin Stevens, Zach Dripps Mar 2018

Accessible Bike Share For The Midsized City, Caitlin Stevens, Zach Dripps

Purdue Road School

Bike share programs inevitably start in central business districts but often don’t reach neighborhood and core service destinations. How can bike share programs better serve communities? Michiana Area Council of Governments, partnering with the City of South Bend, launched a new dockless bike share program in July 2017 that aims to create a truly accessible network of bikes. Learn about the progress of the system and future plans for a complete regional system.


An Exploration Of Gentrification Of The Magic City: A Spatial Analysis Of Birmingham, Al, Antionette Fowlkes Mar 2018

An Exploration Of Gentrification Of The Magic City: A Spatial Analysis Of Birmingham, Al, Antionette Fowlkes

Iowa State Conference on Race and Ethnicity (ISCORE)

Birmingham, Alabama, once the most segregated city in the nation, is now experiencing an economic revival linked to capital investments, influx of high-income groups that has caused the displacement of low-income groups as part of social upgrade and landscape change. These changes result in an ongoing gentrification of the city. To study the processes that have led to this change, I analyzed the socioeconomic characteristics and transportation trends from 1980 to 2010, and explored the impacts of changing neighborhoods on access to public transportation. Using a case study approach, I will: (1) provide historical context of the city; (2) spatially ...


The Salk Institute, Sydney Ann Bittinger, Emily Gowder Dec 2017

The Salk Institute, Sydney Ann Bittinger, Emily Gowder

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

After numerous iterations and red lines we've come to create pages that accurately describe the visual and physical properties of the world renowned institute. Not only did we form an understanding of a space that we were once unfamiliar but we were able to share our knowledge with our classmates and the visiting professors.

The conditions within the separate mechanical floors and the minimally connected towers for the offices create such unique spaces that were a vital part of the design of Louis Kahn. The custom rafters and capability to consistently update technological systems creates an ideal setting for ...


Examining The Complexities Of Urban Water And Sanitation In Latin America, Kelly Naumann Dec 2017

Examining The Complexities Of Urban Water And Sanitation In Latin America, Kelly Naumann

Honors Projects and Posters

Climate change continues to exacerbate water and sanitation issues in Latin America, as water scarcity and natural disasters threaten water supply and infrastructure. My research explores the role that gender dimension plays in urban water and sanitation projects in Latin America, and examines strategies used to improve urban water and sanitation for low-income dwellers in Lima, Peru and Cochabamba, Bolivia. Both objectives were accomplished based on an extensive literature review. I argue that gender specific data is vital to collect, in that women face significant disparities in treatment and exclusion from policy. I also examined the sustainable solutions introduced by ...


Personalization, Territory, And The Refugee Housing Crisis, Emmalie Grace Hall-Skank Nov 2017

Personalization, Territory, And The Refugee Housing Crisis, Emmalie Grace Hall-Skank

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

This poster will present preliminary evidence of the need for facilitating greater ease and/or ability with respect to personalization activities in migrant and refugee housing and suggest opportunities for design intervention. Connections will be made to territoriality and how humans claim space by means of visual cues.


21st Century Synergies Between Architecture And Transportation, Shannon S. Mcdonald Nov 2017

21st Century Synergies Between Architecture And Transportation, Shannon S. Mcdonald

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

Architecture and transportation are at the center of the current rethinking of our 21st century. Their interrelationships create our settlements and can remake our world, in deep and profound ways. Student’s projects will be presented as visions for the 21st century that give more than they take, creating regenerative spaces.


The Operationalizing Of Lynch’S Cognitive Representation Elements Of Large Scale Environments, Jon D. Davey Phd Aia Nov 2017

The Operationalizing Of Lynch’S Cognitive Representation Elements Of Large Scale Environments, Jon D. Davey Phd Aia

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

The result of operationalizing Lynch’s (1960) cognitive representation elements of large scale environments is a set of images that can be employed in a research project identifying the various domains of the brain where each of Lynch’s (1960) elements occur. With such data, designing wayfinding within buildings: in urban habitats, and even within virtual worlds can be better realized.

The research design will use Siegel and White’s (1975) model as a spatial representation of Lynch’s (1960) five elements of large-scale environments’ physical form. These contents of physical form are classified as followed: paths, edges, districts, nodes ...


P-06 Cuilcagh Mountain Regional Research Project, Ireland, Rhonda Root, Ariel Solis, Robin Johnson Nov 2017

P-06 Cuilcagh Mountain Regional Research Project, Ireland, Rhonda Root, Ariel Solis, Robin Johnson

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

During May and June of this past summer (2017) Professors Ariel Solis, Robin Johnson, and Rhonda Root began a faculty research project that started recording and investigating traditional Irish cottages (post-famine) along the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. This project is affiliated with the Marble Arch Caves UNESCO Global Geopark, which is within the Cuilcagh Mountain Region along the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

While in Ireland our research focused on three sites: Moneygashel Cashel (Co Cavan), located in the Republic of Ireland, and Gortmaconnell and Legnabrocky (Co Fermanagh) in Northern Ireland ...


Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani Oct 2017

Residential Building Stock Transformation In Years And Strategies For The Future - Albanian Case, Jujian Veleshnja, Miranda Rashani

UBT International Conference

This research aims to present a clear picture of existing situation of the residential building stock, their adaptation and transformation during years, which can serve as bases for the needed strategy of future retrofitting. It will be evidenced the importance of tools and procedures for environmental regeneration and architectural retrofitting of residential buildings blocks, in the frame of energy efficiency. The research aims, although, to provide building researchers and practitioners with a better understanding of how to effectively conduct a building retrofit to promote energy conservation and sustainability.

The methodology used for this research will be based on a phenomenological ...


Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein Oct 2017

Monuments, Protection And Rehabilitation Zones Of Vienna. Genesis And Status In Legislation And Administration, Caroline Jaeger-Klein

UBT International Conference

Austria has a very long tradition in monument protection. Already in 1853, the central commission to research and preserve the built historic monuments started to operate. The current law on monument protection is from the year 1923. Hence, the most successful steps to secure the country’s built cultural heritage date back to a new provincial legislation, administration and finance system implemented in the early 70ies of the 19th century based on so-called Old-City Preservation Acts. By this sensitive approach, Austria safeguarded the most important historic city centers of Austria like Salzburg, Graz and Vienna vividly in their traditional characteristics ...


Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck Oct 2017

Revitalization Of The Kokalari Estate Within The Historic Context Of Gjirokastra, Severin Karl Valentin Queck

UBT International Conference

In the historic center of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Gjirokastra lie the remains of one of the town’s most notable family-residences. Built in 1883, the edifice owns an extraordinary composition for the late Ottoman period. Today the ruin is a memorial site dedicated to Musine Kokalari, who spent her youth in Gjirokastra. She was declared a “National Heroine” years after her death in 1983 for her defiant stand against the totalitarian regime. This paper exposes the factors, which endanger the monument and explicates the necessary operations for a successful revitalization following the ideas of Arjeta Kokalari, curator ...


Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi Oct 2017

Urban Renewal: Retransformation Instead Of Demolition, Skender Kosumi

UBT International Conference

Now days, technology is everywhere, in our homes and working areas, we even carry a lot of electronic technology with us. It is one of the most used notions and a part of life. Ourhouses also have a lot of electronic technology, it relieves our lives. Technology can also make our space more comfortable, saves our time in many ways. However, technology can not physically enlarge or replace our spaces. Flexibility is an essential component of our lives, increases our space and allows the most possibilities through the changes of our lives. It remains a part of our lives and ...


Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku Oct 2017

Bad Design To Kitsch: Examples From Eastern Point Of View, Çınar Narter, Ajhan Bajmaku

UBT International Conference

The design case is applied to make a difference in living and to facilitate people's life, from product scale, architectural design to urban scale. A design practice should be able to respond to the user's cognitive and behavioral needs. Today, design solutions that can not respond to these needs are confronted as bad design.

Today, when the habits of consumer society and the low expectations of users are combined, it is inevitable to encounter kitsch phenomenon in design solutions. Kitsch is a term used to refer to banal, rugged, and boring design solutions made with sharps and commercial ...