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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Designing Gfrp-Reinforced Tilt-Up Wall Panels, Fray F. Pozo-Lora, Marc Maguire Aug 2021

Designing Gfrp-Reinforced Tilt-Up Wall Panels, Fray F. Pozo-Lora, Marc Maguire

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

Tilt-up construction was effectively enabled on a wide scale in 1979, when the ACI committee 551 report on Tilt-up construction was published, the Recommended Tilt-Up Wall Design, aka, the Yellow Book and the subsequent ACI-SEASC Task, aka the Green Book, and another Tilt-up design and construction manual developed by the ACI in 1988. The Tilt-up Concrete Association was created in 1986 by a group of industry professionals who had the need of an organization dedicated to the industry. ACI 551 maintains a document outlining the standard practice for contemporary Tilt-up design and construction. The ACI 551 document does not consider ...


The Facility Infection Risk Estimator™: A Web Application Tool For Comparing Indoor Risk Mitigation Strategies By Estimating Airborne Transmission Risk, Marcel Harmon, Josephine Lau Aug 2021

The Facility Infection Risk Estimator™: A Web Application Tool For Comparing Indoor Risk Mitigation Strategies By Estimating Airborne Transmission Risk, Marcel Harmon, Josephine Lau

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

The COVID-19 pandemic created needs for (a) estimating the existing airborne risk of infection from SARS-CoV-2 in existing facilities and new designs and (b) estimating and comparing the impacts of engineering and behavioural strategies for contextually reducing that risk. This paper presents the development of a web application to meet these needs, the Facility Infection Risk Estimator™, and its underlying Wells–Riley based model. The model specifically estimates (a) the removal efficiencies of various settling, ventilation, filtration and virus inactivation strategies and (b) the associated probability of infection, given the room physical parameters and number of individuals infected present with ...


Modding Suburbia - Guided Principles To Challenge The Established Social And Political Norms Of The American Midwestern Suburbs., Brenton Rahn May 2021

Modding Suburbia - Guided Principles To Challenge The Established Social And Political Norms Of The American Midwestern Suburbs., Brenton Rahn

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

Responding to the unchallenged sprawl of suburban cities in the Midwest, the proposed principles seek to densify and further diversify the established social and political norms which currently still stagnate progress toward more autonomous neighborhoods. Through application of a specific set of principles that serve as guidelines, Modding Suburbia seeks to create dense, usable space from previously unused and forgotten interstitial areas hiding in the suburban landscape surrounding the socially and politically protected single-family home.

This project focuses on the transformation of the immediate context surrounding the single family home to promote density and diversification of housing and community. Through ...


Aesthetics For The Uncanny In Architecture, Andres F. Villegas May 2021

Aesthetics For The Uncanny In Architecture, Andres F. Villegas

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis puts forth an aesthetic model that explores phenomenological effects of the architectural uncanny as a disruptor of an ever-becoming standardized architecture. Along with an increasing population, and the rapid digitazition of architecture, the Building Industry has seen a drastic demand for productivity and efficiency in construction.

This in turn, has led urban spaces to be synthesized into formulas and algorithms as repeating, automated recipes in the urban fabric.

The proposed aesthetic model will re-contextualize concepts of the architectural uncanny in our contemporary societal and urban fabric, as a response to a built environment that seems growingly dictated, arranged ...


White Noise Dark Ecology: Designing For The Soundscape, William Cox May 2021

White Noise Dark Ecology: Designing For The Soundscape, William Cox

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis explores the intersection of architecture, sound, and ecology. It works through the methodology on how to modulate and produce soundscapes rich with various sound objects. It addresses questions on how designers can use the act of listening to engage with the soundscape. This exploration hopes to continue to find niches which create opportunities for new interactions between architecture and ecology through sound. This is all in a continued effort to engage in positive feedback loops between architecture and non-humans to actively break down the divide between the artificial and natural through sound and architecture by designing for the ...


Accessible Health: An Evidenced Based Approach To Improve User Experience And Clinical Sustainability Within Rural Healthcare, John Coughlin May 2021

Accessible Health: An Evidenced Based Approach To Improve User Experience And Clinical Sustainability Within Rural Healthcare, John Coughlin

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

The manner through which health care is provided evolves through advances in medical knowledge as well as improvements in supporting infrastructure and processes. The rate at which this change is made possible is increasingly driven by non-medical factors. These factors include, but are not limited to, the necessity to operate safely in a COVID-19 pandemic while simultaneously operating with economically sustainable processes and infrastructure. This is especially true for underserved populations in rural communities. Acknowledging and understanding these changing environments allows one to better optimize the sometimes competing interests of user experience with sustainable clinical practices. Healthcare is vital to ...


Access To Air: Generating Open Space In The Built Environment, Phillip Smith May 2021

Access To Air: Generating Open Space In The Built Environment, Phillip Smith

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis project explores the balance between capturing the benefits of dense, urban design and the desire for residents to experience open space where healthy, active lifestyles are possible. The condition of humanity today struggles with both ecological degradation and social injustices reinforced by systemic segregation. By exploring density in a way that nurtures human dignity, our development patterns can allow us to grow in a more sustainable and equitable way.

Advisor: Mark Hoistad


Building Scene: Translations Between Text And Architecture, Joseph Synek May 2021

Building Scene: Translations Between Text And Architecture, Joseph Synek

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis explores the translation between text and architecture to construct architectural scene. By foregrounding the richness of the scene, these processes engage the kinesthetic, material, emotional, and temporal qualities of architectural space.

Advisor: Zachary Tate Porter


Materiality And Construction Of A Church In Myanmar, Sunkist Judson May 2021

Materiality And Construction Of A Church In Myanmar, Sunkist Judson

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This is my investigation related to Theinla village church. This is an investigation of architectural impacts on a protestant religious house of worship experience through a cultural case study. Churches were built and design based on worship culture and traditions. Churches have evolved for over two thousand years due to innovation and technology and imitating previous architecture styles. The way people worship in the protestant religion is a little different in every culture. I want to find out if there is any overlap in Baptist churches in different cultures. Does material limit the manner in which the church is constructed ...


Parafiction And The Architectural Imagination, Ashley Glesinger May 2021

Parafiction And The Architectural Imagination, Ashley Glesinger

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

I observe current architecture practice to be too reality-driven. As a response to this issue, this thesis demonstrates parafiction as one productive method of exercising architectural imagination. I define parafiction as a type of fiction that begins with a fact and is presented as a fact in order to demonstrate what the world could be. To create parafictions, I have used multi-medium techniques of representation. Through the representations, this thesis strives to “make present” one person’s imagination.

I see parafiction and architecture both as projective activities. Specifically, that both redefine relationships to what already exists and create tension between ...


Glitter Urbanism - Lgbtq Narratives In Architecture, William Dendinger May 2021

Glitter Urbanism - Lgbtq Narratives In Architecture, William Dendinger

Theses from the M. Arch. Program

This thesis explores the concept of queer space in architecture to understand its relationship between queer social narratives and their impact on spatial conditions. LGBTQ culture is a complex mix of avant-garde character aesthetics contrasted with hidden, invisible identity traits. By exploring queer figures and spaces through the lens of "camp," we can begin to see sexuality and gender’s impacts on objects and space. I argue that queer space is critical in shaping LGBTQ individuals’ narratives by bringing their struggles, celebrations, and what it is to be queer to the forefront of the urban landscape.

This is approached is ...


Out-Of-Plane Behavior Of Concrete Insulated Wall Panels With 2-Inch, 8-Inch, And 10-Inch Insulation, Jacob Luebke May 2021

Out-Of-Plane Behavior Of Concrete Insulated Wall Panels With 2-Inch, 8-Inch, And 10-Inch Insulation, Jacob Luebke

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

Insulated concrete sandwich wall panels provide structurally and thermally efficient building envelopes and are becoming more popular as energy regulations tighten. To continually adapt to an ever-changing building market and new energy regulations, insulated concrete wall panels are being constructed with thinner wythes, thicker insulation, and relying on partial composite action to decrease material costs and increase thermal and structural efficiency. Numerous methods of the design of partially composite insulated concrete sandwich wall panels have been introduced in recent decades and have been verified by comparing their results to existing experimental testing. Existing testing data for insulated concrete sandwich wall ...


Studying Acoustical Characteristics Of Occupied Restaurants, Jared Paine Apr 2021

Studying Acoustical Characteristics Of Occupied Restaurants, Jared Paine

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

Sound level data and occupancy data have been logged in five restaurants by the research team at the University of Nebraska – Lincoln. Sound levels and occupancy at 10 second intervals were documented over time periods of roughly two hours during active business hours. Noise levels were logged with dosimeters distributed throughout each restaurant, and occupancy was obtained from images recorded by infrared cameras. This work presents data on average sound levels and statistical metrics, such as L10 and L90 values as well as on each restaurant’s Acoustical Capacity and Quality of Verbal Communication, as introduced by Rindel (2012). Acoustical ...


Understanding Spaces Of Abandonment Through Virtual Frameworks In Landscape Architecture, Aus Perez Apr 2021

Understanding Spaces Of Abandonment Through Virtual Frameworks In Landscape Architecture, Aus Perez

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

In recent years, design professionals have implemented many contemporary landscape architecture projects across the United States. With a primary goal of returning nature to urban environments, contemporary landscape architects and other transdisciplinary partners work diligently to sculpt physical spaces that reflect the human-living experience. However, a leap into the world of video game design could allow landscape architects and urban planners to more freely create virtual social environments to address rising issues of abandonment in today’s urban and rural spaces. Video game mechanics and methodologies can be used extensively in the disciplines of design that value participatory processes, like ...


Review Of Flexible Learning Spaces In Education, Emily A. Fisher, Donger Liu, Guy Trainin Apr 2021

Review Of Flexible Learning Spaces In Education, Emily A. Fisher, Donger Liu, Guy Trainin

Research and Evaluation in Education, Technology, and Design

Research has shown that Flexible learning spaces have benefits in educational settings. The space has an impact on teachers' pedagogies and mindsets. In turn, instruction can be more student-centered promoting more interaction and engagement with each other and content. These findings imply that Flexible Learning Spaces can contribute to positive shifts in mindsets for teachers and students, as well as disrupting the dynamics of traditional classroom settings and instruction.


Facilitating The Industrial Sector's Adoption Of Collaborative Project Delivery Methods, Xavier Wood-Aliberch Apr 2021

Facilitating The Industrial Sector's Adoption Of Collaborative Project Delivery Methods, Xavier Wood-Aliberch

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

In an effort to improve outcomes in the civil and healthcare sectors, clients have adopted collaborative project delivery methods for the delivery of their capital projects. The success stories in these sectors have gathered the attention of clients in the industrial sector, where cost and schedule overruns have become the norm. The central objective of this thesis is to help clients make the transition to this new type of project delivery.

This thesis was written in a three-paper format, where each paper addresses a challenge with the adoption of collaborative delivery methods. The first paper investigates what type of industrial ...


The Integral Of Education Technology In The Society, Prof. Iwasan D. Kejawa Ed.D Apr 2021

The Integral Of Education Technology In The Society, Prof. Iwasan D. Kejawa Ed.D

CSE Journal Articles

Abstract

Are there ways people can better utilize technology to suit their needs in the society of ours? It has been inferred that without technology, our lives would be miserable. The societal factors of using technology are an important area of the technical education system in the world. Are we really learning and using technologies to our advantage? Does technology provide the necessary ingredients or proper ways for the education of all in the society? A look into what constitutes the means and how technology education can be improved and be implemented is explored and emphasized in this work. The ...


Underground Construction And Space Utilization: A Bibliometric Analysis, Mugdha Praveen Kshirsagar Mrs, Sanjay Kantrao Kulkarni Dr, Nilesh Vedprakash Arora Mr, Devesh Dinesh Maheshwari Mr, Ankush Kumar Meena Mr Mar 2021

Underground Construction And Space Utilization: A Bibliometric Analysis, Mugdha Praveen Kshirsagar Mrs, Sanjay Kantrao Kulkarni Dr, Nilesh Vedprakash Arora Mr, Devesh Dinesh Maheshwari Mr, Ankush Kumar Meena Mr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Land use optimization is a major concern as the world's population grows at an exponential rate. Surface land is already being depleted at an alarming pace. As a result, buildings can be constructed safely underground, allowing for more productive land use. The primary goal of this paper is to perform a bibliometric review of the literature related to Underground Construction in order to determine the growth of Underground Construction as a method of energy or land optimization in recent years. Between 1975 and 2020 is the time span considered for this survey. The results of the Scopus database are ...


A Vernacular For Lincoln, Nebraska, Austin Riggins Mar 2021

A Vernacular For Lincoln, Nebraska, Austin Riggins

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The contemporary vernacular architecture in the United States is a product of industrialization and globalization. One homogenous, mass produced vernacular has dominated nationwide and overshadowed the unique, contextual, and regional designs of the past. While the contemporary, industrialized vernacular has led to increases in the quality of life for many in the developed world, it has also left in its wake a homogenous and placeless environment devoid of environmental sensitivity or cultural references. There is a need for a set of new vernaculars that embrace modern building technologies while simultaneously responding more directly to local climatic needs and facilitating a ...


Native. A Look Into Interior Design's Impact In Rural Communities., Ashlynn Engelhard Mar 2021

Native. A Look Into Interior Design's Impact In Rural Communities., Ashlynn Engelhard

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Rural America faces a greater set of health challenges than ever before, especially when compared to its metropolitan counterparts. The Association of American Medical Colleges notes these rural disparities resulting from “economic, social, racial, ethnic, geographic, and health workforce factors.” Though somewhat daunting to consider, the AAMC concludes “We need to figure out how to use this data to target resources and interventions to make a meaningful difference in improving the health of rural America.”

Focusing on addressing rural disparities that inhibit communities from positive health and well-being, this projective design research project aims to provide a comprehensive intervention through ...


Review Of Nature Experience In Learning, Donger Liu, Emily A. Fisher, Guy Trainin Mar 2021

Review Of Nature Experience In Learning, Donger Liu, Emily A. Fisher, Guy Trainin

Research and Evaluation in Education, Technology, and Design

The current review examines the impact of nature experience on student academic performance. The findings suggest that the effect exists in two types of association: (1) green space and school-level academic performance; (2) outdoor educational programs and student school motivation and knowledge. Overall, the researchers predominantly found that students exposed to green space performed better academically in Grades K to 12. Meanwhile, students’ socio-economic status, the proximity of green space, types of vegetation, and subjects could also affect the association. Considering it is not unusual that researchers found SES contributing to the correlational model, future studies ought to control for ...


A 3d Point Cloud Deep Learning Approach Using Lidar To Identify Ancient Maya Archaeological Sites, Heather Richards-Rissetto, David Newton, Aziza Al Zadjali Jan 2021

A 3d Point Cloud Deep Learning Approach Using Lidar To Identify Ancient Maya Archaeological Sites, Heather Richards-Rissetto, David Newton, Aziza Al Zadjali

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Airborne light detection and ranging (LIDAR) systems allow archaeologists to capture 3D data of anthropogenic landscapes with a level of precision that permits the identification of archaeological sites in difficult to reach and inaccessible regions. These benefits have come with a deluge of LIDAR data that requires significant and costly manual labor to interpret and analyze. In order to address this challenge, researchers have explored the use of state-of-the-art automated object recognition algorithms from the field of deep learning with success. This previous research, however, has been limited to the exploration of deep learning processes that work with only 2D ...


Led Zip Model Development, Mhd Anas Alkrch Dec 2020

Led Zip Model Development, Mhd Anas Alkrch

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

The representation of load components deemed to be an essential factor for power system studies as the load characteristics influence the system performance. Thus, choosing an appropriate load model for load behavior studies is very significant for system analysis purposes. Load models can be categorized into three types: static, dynamic, and composite models. Static ZIP load model is a well-known model in the power industry, it represents the relationship between the active and reactive power as a function of the applied voltage. In this paper, a detailed review of the existing static ZIP model coefficients for load components achieved by ...


Scenario Analysis Of Downtown One-Way Street Conversions In Lincoln, Nebraska: A Case Study For Downtown Livability And Pedestrian Safety, Terrence Lage Dec 2020

Scenario Analysis Of Downtown One-Way Street Conversions In Lincoln, Nebraska: A Case Study For Downtown Livability And Pedestrian Safety, Terrence Lage

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

An era of downtown street design benefiting the automobile has become over designed for the movement of volumes of traffic in many North American cities. Since the 1950s, the primary focus of planners and traffic engineers has been to address the growing problem of traffic congestion caused by the suburban traveler coming into and out of downtown. The solution was retrofitting the original two-way street grid into a network of wide and straight multi-lane one-way corridors. This design successfully moved volumes of traffic through downtown streets but induced behavior to favor the automobile instead of design that favors active mobility ...


Landfill Suitability Analysis Using Gis (Geographic Information System) And Ahp (Analytic Hierarchy Process): A Case Study Of Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska, Sunah Moon Dec 2020

Landfill Suitability Analysis Using Gis (Geographic Information System) And Ahp (Analytic Hierarchy Process): A Case Study Of Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska, Sunah Moon

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

The objective of this study was to identify and prioritize the potential sites that are the most suitable to host landfills using Geographic Information System (GIS) and Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) in Scotts Bluff County, Nebraska. First, the criteria that influence in a decision-making process of landfill placement in social, environmental, and physical perspectives were established, and the area was assessed based on the grading structure of each criterion on a scale of 0 to 10. The second step was the main process for the study using the AHP. Thirty-two experts who work as planners, engineers, landfill staff, and environmental ...


Evaluating The Most Common Modeling Methods Of Rayleigh Damping And The Critical Damping Ratio Limitation Approach, Tunc Deniz Uludag Dec 2020

Evaluating The Most Common Modeling Methods Of Rayleigh Damping And The Critical Damping Ratio Limitation Approach, Tunc Deniz Uludag

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

Performance-based design such as FEMA P-695 and ASCE 7 prescribe/limit damping ratios associated with dynamic nonlinear seismic analysis; however, the method for computing inherent damping is not prescriptive. The analyst in conjunction with the peer-review panel (FEMA P-695) or authority having jurisdiction (ASCE 7) must determine how damping is modeled. Depending upon the method, e.g., Rayleigh, simulations can result in significantly different responses even with the same assumed damping ratio. Note that over estimating damping will underestimate energy absorption by inelastic displacement, a non-conservative outcome.

FEMA P-695 non-linear time history analysis of 44 earthquakes was used for several ...


Creating A Web-Based Tool For Determining Drought Acknowledgments In State Plans, Raeanna Hartsgrove Nov 2020

Creating A Web-Based Tool For Determining Drought Acknowledgments In State Plans, Raeanna Hartsgrove

Community and Regional Planning Program: Professional Projects

Drought is a lingering and costly disaster and can cause billions of dollars of damage throughout the United States. Drought produces social, economic, and environmental impacts which makes it become a disaster. Due to the long-lasting and intense effects, drought research is needed to understand weather and climate more efficiently so that preparedness, mitigation, response recovery, and resilience is more effective. Policies that include drought mitigation are shown to reduce the likelihood that drought become disasters. The National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) has been working on a new web-based tool to identify which plans in a state address key aspects ...


Leveraging Abet Accreditation To Promote Inclusion Of Noise Control Engineering Concepts In Engineering Programs, Lily M. Wang, Bryan Beamer Nov 2020

Leveraging Abet Accreditation To Promote Inclusion Of Noise Control Engineering Concepts In Engineering Programs, Lily M. Wang, Bryan Beamer

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, Inc. (ABET) accreditation is an internationally recognized system ensuring consistency and quality in engineering education programs. As a part of ABET accreditation, there is no set requirement for any general engineering program to include noise control engineering concepts in their curricula. However, one of the seven student outcomes that each ABET accredited engineering program must document is their students’ “ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare…” Controlling noise in the authors’ view is a fundamental strategy for protecting workers from occupational ...


A Comparison Between Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage And Half-Cell Potential Methods In Detection Of Corrosion In Reinforced Concrete Structures, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri Aug 2020

A Comparison Between Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage And Half-Cell Potential Methods In Detection Of Corrosion In Reinforced Concrete Structures, Ahmad Shoaib Amiri

Dissertations and Student Research: Architectural Engineering

Corrosion of reinforcing steel bars (rebar) in reinforced concrete decks can lead to serious structural issues in bridges. Ultrasonic Testing (UT) methods provide small wavelengths that can be used for early detection of several types of deterioration. The recently-developed Ultrasonic Guided Wave Leakage (UGWL) Method utilizes steel as the waveguide and measures the energy leaked into the surrounding concrete. Previous studies completed at University of Nebraska-Lincoln demonstrated that the measurements of the leaked energy using receivers from the concrete surface can successfully identify early stages of various flaws such as corrosion, delamination, and cracking. In this method, the longitudinal waves ...


His And Hers: Gender-Specific Design In Mid-Twentieth Century North America Through Film And Television, Morgan O'Shaughnessy Jul 2020

His And Hers: Gender-Specific Design In Mid-Twentieth Century North America Through Film And Television, Morgan O'Shaughnessy

Theses from the Architecture Program

The built environment exists as a variety of ‘spaces’ which are constructed by, and for, the people who occupy them. What is the relationship between social constructs of gender and our built environment in the 20th century? How does film and television representing the mid-20th century exemplify this relationship? The overall theme of this topic will include a positive relationship between social gender constructs and our built environment. Through the exploration of select film and television, this study attempts to answer the question of how gender-focused design reinforces traditional gender roles in North American society in mid-20th ...