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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Utilizing Biomimicry To Design Sustainable Architecture, Virginia Hammond May 2024

Utilizing Biomimicry To Design Sustainable Architecture, Virginia Hammond

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

Nature has an integral relationship with architecture and serves as a sustainable role model and inspiration for designers. The process of biomimicry in architecture has the potential to produce more sustainable design solutions and foster a connection between humans and nature. Existing biomimetic design projects have varying strengths and weaknesses as examples of the process. Utilizing guidelines and references from key leaders in biomimetic design consultancy (Biomimicry 3.8), selected case studies are assessed for their ability to demonstrate the benefits of this design strategy. Using these evaluations, the case studies are diagrammed and critiqued to determine how new projects could …


Supporting Text And Data Analysis Across Campus From The Academic Library, Amy Kirchhoff, Hejin Shin Phd Apr 2024

Supporting Text And Data Analysis Across Campus From The Academic Library, Amy Kirchhoff, Hejin Shin Phd

Digital Initiatives Symposium

The ability to comprehend and communicate with text-based data is essential to future success in academics and employment, as evidenced in a recent survey from Bloomberg Research Services which shows that nearly 97% of survey respondents now use data analytics in their companies and 58% consider data and text mining a business analytics tool (https://www.sas.com/content/dam/SAS/bp_de/doc/studie/ba-st-the-current-state-of-business-analytics-2317022.pdf). This has fueled a substantial growth in text analysis research (involving the use of technology to analyze un- and semi-structured text data for valuable insights, trends, and patterns) across disciplines and a corresponding demand on academic libraries to support text analysis pedagogy and text analysis …


Retraction Of Numerical Modeling Of An L-Shaped Very Stiff Concrete Retaining Wall, Mej Editorial Board Feb 2024

Retraction Of Numerical Modeling Of An L-Shaped Very Stiff Concrete Retaining Wall, Mej Editorial Board

Mansoura Engineering Journal

This is a Retraction note


Towards Sociobiogeochemistry: Critical Perspectives On Anthropogenic Alterations To Soil Nitrogen Chemistry Via U.S. Urban And Suburban Development, Christopher D. Ryan Feb 2024

Towards Sociobiogeochemistry: Critical Perspectives On Anthropogenic Alterations To Soil Nitrogen Chemistry Via U.S. Urban And Suburban Development, Christopher D. Ryan

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The ecological impacts of changes to land use are relevant to concerns about climate change, eutrophication of waterbodies, and reductions in biodiversity. As a foundational component of ecosystem functioning, changes to soil biogeochemistry have significant effects on overall ecosystem health. With cities continuing to grow and develop in extent, the impacts of urbanization and suburbanization on soils are of particular concern. Despite a wide range of natural climatic and geologic conditions, several factors have driven similar patterns of land transformation and management across the United States. In particular, federal initiatives including the Home Owners Loan Corporation, the Federal Housing Administration, …


Application Of Machine Learning Models In The Capacity Prediction Of Ccfst Columns, Khaled Megahed, Nabil Said Mahmoud, Saad Elden Mostafa Abd-Rabou Jan 2024

Application Of Machine Learning Models In The Capacity Prediction Of Ccfst Columns, Khaled Megahed, Nabil Said Mahmoud, Saad Elden Mostafa Abd-Rabou

Mansoura Engineering Journal

Circular concrete-filled steel tubular (CCFST) columns are widely utilized in structural engineering due to their impressive load-bearing capabilities and ductility. Existing design standards often yield disparate outcomes when applied to structural columns with identical properties, introducing uncertainty for engineering designers. This study introduces an innovative technique to address these challenges using two machine learning (ML) models: Gaussian process regression (GPR) and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost). These models consider various input variables, including the geometric and material properties of CCFST columns, to estimate the compressive strength. The models undergo training and evaluation using two datasets comprising 1004 axially loaded CCFST columns …


An Enhanced Lane Detection Technique Based On Active Learning, Ahmed M. Radwan, Amira Y. Haikal, Hisham E. Gad, Mohamed M. Abdelsalam Jan 2024

An Enhanced Lane Detection Technique Based On Active Learning, Ahmed M. Radwan, Amira Y. Haikal, Hisham E. Gad, Mohamed M. Abdelsalam

Mansoura Engineering Journal

The lane detecting algorithm plays a major role in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving systems. In recent years, deep learning-based lane detection techniques have shown encouraging results; nonetheless, the quality and size of the training data set has a significant impact on how effective these techniques are. Active learning is a technique that can improve the capacity of deep learning-based lane identification systems to repeatedly choose and classify valuable samples from a large body of unlabeled data. In this research, a novel 1-dimensional deep learning approach is used to present an augmented Active Learning based Lane Detection …


Neural Network-Based Fault Distance Estimation For Multi-Terminal Dc Microgrids, Mohamed Elmadawy, Abdelhady Ghanem, Sayed Abulanwar, Ahmed Shahin Jan 2024

Neural Network-Based Fault Distance Estimation For Multi-Terminal Dc Microgrids, Mohamed Elmadawy, Abdelhady Ghanem, Sayed Abulanwar, Ahmed Shahin

Mansoura Engineering Journal

Fault distance estimation in DC microgrids is a critical issue due to the growing adoption of DC-based distribution systems. Current methods face limitations like sensitivity to system parameters and high-resistance fault detection, necessitating improved accuracy. This study proposes a neural network approach to accurately locate fault distances in multi-terminal DC microgrids. Three different structures based on backpropagation algorithms are developed and trained to estimate fault distances with high precision. These structures can handle various fault scenarios, including different fault resistances and the presence of noise. Two of the structures can predict fault distances from one side locally, achieving low error …


Study The Application Of Different Building Technology Systems Case Study: A Residential Villa In Al-Qassim Region, Ksa, Ahmed Abdelmonteleb M. Ali, Essam S. Almahmoud, Basem O. Elgendy, Azzam I. Aljutayli, Meshal A. Alhrabi, Khattab I. Alyahya Jan 2024

Study The Application Of Different Building Technology Systems Case Study: A Residential Villa In Al-Qassim Region, Ksa, Ahmed Abdelmonteleb M. Ali, Essam S. Almahmoud, Basem O. Elgendy, Azzam I. Aljutayli, Meshal A. Alhrabi, Khattab I. Alyahya

Mansoura Engineering Journal

Buildings are responsible for 39% of global energy-related carbon emissions; 11% come from materials and construction, and 28% come from operational emissions (the energy required to heat, cool, and power). Embodied carbon will contribute an increasing amount to the emissions from new buildings in the future as carbon emissions from building operations continue to decline. This study examined several construction methods and materials to evaluate alternatives for remodeling a residential villa. A villa in the Al-Qassim Region, Buraidah, served as a case study for this research. The methodology employed provided a meticulous appraisal of the building materials and techniques currently …


Beyond Aesthetics: Antoni Gaudí'S Revolutionary Use Of Biomimicry, Biomorphism, And Biosynchronization In Architectural Design, Yechan Sung Jan 2024

Beyond Aesthetics: Antoni Gaudí'S Revolutionary Use Of Biomimicry, Biomorphism, And Biosynchronization In Architectural Design, Yechan Sung

MA Theses

This paper explores the evolving paradigm of sustainable development in response to increasing issues such as climate change, biodiversity loss, and ozone depletion. Recognizing the inherent connection between architecture and nature, the study highlights the substantial benefits that nature provides for human habitation. A rising trend in organic or nature-inspired projects reflects the increasing prominence of contemporary architecture, which aims to harmonize human needs with the natural environment. The application of nature in architecture extends beyond aesthetics, encompassing well-being, sustainability, economic benefits, and climate resilience. These broader environment-friendly elements were meticulously incorporated into the architectural works of Antoni Gaudi, who …


Numerical And Analytical Solution For Nonlinear Free Vibration Of Tapered Beams, Zain Abu Shaeer Abu Shaeer, Ramy I. Shahin, Galal I. El-Baghdady, Saad A. Yehia Jan 2024

Numerical And Analytical Solution For Nonlinear Free Vibration Of Tapered Beams, Zain Abu Shaeer Abu Shaeer, Ramy I. Shahin, Galal I. El-Baghdady, Saad A. Yehia

Mansoura Engineering Journal

This study introduces a computational approach that combines numerical and semi-analytical methods to solve tapered beams' nonlinear free vibration equation. The study employs a numerical approach that relies on the cubic B-spline collocation method and an approximation technique known as the Homotopy perturbation method to approximate the solution to the equation governing nonlinear large-amplitude free vibrations of tapered beams. The effect of vibration amplitude on the frequency of nonlinear vibrations is investigated. The next step is to look at different ways to get close to exact solutions across the whole range of oscillation amplitude. This will show how useful and …


Deep Learning Based Classification Of Focal Liver Lesions With 3 And 4 Phase Contrast-Enhanced Ct Protocols, Ahmed El-Emam, Hossam El-Din Moustafa, Mohamed Moawad, Mohamed Aouf Jan 2024

Deep Learning Based Classification Of Focal Liver Lesions With 3 And 4 Phase Contrast-Enhanced Ct Protocols, Ahmed El-Emam, Hossam El-Din Moustafa, Mohamed Moawad, Mohamed Aouf

Mansoura Engineering Journal

It had been noticed that 3-phase and 4-phase computed tomography protocols with contrast serve as standard examinations for diagnosing liver tumors. Additionally, many patients require periodic follow-up, which entails significant radiation exposure for them. Advancements in image processing facilitate automated liver lesion segmentation. However, the challenge remains in classifying these small lesions by doctors, especially when the liver has different types of lesions with very little intensity difference. Therefore, deep learning can be utilized for the classification of liver lesions. The present work introduces a CNN-based module for the classification of liver lesions. The module consists of four stages: data …


Effect Of The Shape And Volume Of Capsulated Phase Change Materialon The Melting Process And Exergy Efficiency, Ahmed Saad Soliman, Ahmed A. Sultan, Mohamed A. Sultan Jan 2024

Effect Of The Shape And Volume Of Capsulated Phase Change Materialon The Melting Process And Exergy Efficiency, Ahmed Saad Soliman, Ahmed A. Sultan, Mohamed A. Sultan

Mansoura Engineering Journal

Due to the lack of solar energy continuity throughout the day, researchers tended to store this energy in phase change materials (PCM). The goal is to store a big amount of energy in a small PCM mass. In this study, the effect of the capsule shape (circular and elliptical cross-section), number of capsules with the same volume (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 capsules), and one capsule with increasing its initial volume (multiplying of volume ratio 1 (Vr = 2, 3, 4, and 5)) on the PCM melting process was studied. The results of the numerical model for both circular …


The Effect Of Walnut Shell Ash On The Properties Of Cement Paste And Mortar: A Study On Partial Replacement Of Cement, Ali Shebli, Jamal Khatib, Adel Elkordi Dec 2023

The Effect Of Walnut Shell Ash On The Properties Of Cement Paste And Mortar: A Study On Partial Replacement Of Cement, Ali Shebli, Jamal Khatib, Adel Elkordi

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

In the pursuit of a more sustainable future, the utilization of agricultural waste in cementitious products has emerged as a popular and effective solution. The current study explores the feasibility of incorporating ash derived from walnut nutshells, considered agro residues, into eco-friendly blended cement paste and mortars to examine its impact on their properties. A range of blended cement mixtures was formulated by incorporating walnut shell ash (WSA) in three varying proportions of 5%, 10%, and 15% relative to the weight of the cement. Tests were conducted to investigate the properties of the blended cement paste and mortar incorporating WSA, …


Optimization Of The Bio-Synthesis Of Magnesium Nanoparticles From Staphylococcus Haemolyticus: A Pilot Study, Mariam Bassam, Malak Mezher, Mahmoud Khalil Dec 2023

Optimization Of The Bio-Synthesis Of Magnesium Nanoparticles From Staphylococcus Haemolyticus: A Pilot Study, Mariam Bassam, Malak Mezher, Mahmoud Khalil

BAU Journal - Science and Technology

Nanotechnology is developing rapidly. This field has many influences in humans’ life. Nanoparticles (NPs) have many unique properties including the size, shape, morphology, and surface area. The synthesis of NPs could be achieved by three ways: physical, chemical, and biological. However, the biological synthesis of NPs has a priority on the other domains due to its safety and environmental friendship. In this regard, the main objective of this study was to synthesize magnesium (Mg) NPs from the bacterium S. haemolyticus which was isolated from the Lebanese wastewater. Different parameters were applied to detect the best conditions to produce the highest …


Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia Dec 2023

Reducing Food Scarcity: The Benefits Of Urban Farming, S.A. Claudell, Emilio Mejia

Journal of Nonprofit Innovation

Urban farming can enhance the lives of communities and help reduce food scarcity. This paper presents a conceptual prototype of an efficient urban farming community that can be scaled for a single apartment building or an entire community across all global geoeconomics regions, including densely populated cities and rural, developing towns and communities. When deployed in coordination with smart crop choices, local farm support, and efficient transportation then the result isn’t just sustainability, but also increasing fresh produce accessibility, optimizing nutritional value, eliminating the use of ‘forever chemicals’, reducing transportation costs, and fostering global environmental benefits.

Imagine Doris, who is …


Barriers To Use Of Cross-Laminated Timber In Maine, Shane R. O'Neill Dec 2023

Barriers To Use Of Cross-Laminated Timber In Maine, Shane R. O'Neill

Forest Resources Faculty Scholarship

To increase understanding of both the adoption rate and in-state manufacturing of mass timber In Maine, the 131st Legislature and Governor Mills passed LD 881, a resolve directing a study of the barriers facing cross-laminated timber In Maine and provide recommendations to promote their use in construction. This study was developed in response to the resolve. The study engaged 108 unique participants to define available training, education, and experiences across the stakeholders throughout the building lifecycle process in the state.

From this information, the following five recommendations are proposed:

  1. Understand the policies and initiatives of other states to develop …


2023 - The Fourth Annual Fall Symposium Of Student Scholars Nov 2023

2023 - The Fourth Annual Fall Symposium Of Student Scholars

Symposium of Student Scholars Program Books

The full program book from the Fall 2023 Symposium of Student Scholars, held in November 2023. Includes abstracts from the presentations and posters.


12th International Conference On Business, Technology And Innovation 2023, University For Business And Technology - Ubt Oct 2023

12th International Conference On Business, Technology And Innovation 2023, University For Business And Technology - Ubt

UBT International Conference

Welcome to IC – UBT 2023

UBT Annual International Conference is the 12th international interdisciplinary peer reviewed conference which publishes works of the scientists as well as practitioners in the area where UBT is active in Education, Research and Development. The UBT aims to implement an integrated strategy to establish itself as an internationally competitive, research-intensive university, committed to the transfer of knowledge and the provision of a world-class education to the most talented students from all background. The main perspective of the conference is to connect the scientists and practitioners from different disciplines in the same place and make …


Palestinian Journalists' Trends Towards Freelance Platforms As An Alternative Of Traditional Work In Journalistic Work And The Gratifications Achieved "A Field Study", Amin Wafi Prof. Oct 2023

Palestinian Journalists' Trends Towards Freelance Platforms As An Alternative Of Traditional Work In Journalistic Work And The Gratifications Achieved "A Field Study", Amin Wafi Prof.

Middle East Journal of Communication Studies

This study aims to identify the trends of media students towards the use of digital freelancer platforms in media work as an alternative to traditional journalism by knowing the degree of interest of students in digital freelancer platforms. The degree to which they are exposed، the reasons for exposure، the most important subjects to which they are exposed، the most important platforms they pursue، the most important skill needs، motivations، and stimuli that drive them to deal with freelancer platforms as an alternative to traditional journalism. It is a descriptive study and applied the survey curriculum in the framework of …


Tricritical Point As A Crossover Between Type-Is And Type-Iis Bifurcations, Prabakaran Rajamanickam, Joel Daou Oct 2023

Tricritical Point As A Crossover Between Type-Is And Type-Iis Bifurcations, Prabakaran Rajamanickam, Joel Daou

Progress in Scale Modeling, an International Journal

A tricritical point as a crossover between (stationary finite-wavelength) type-Is and (stationary longwave) type-IIs bifurcations is identified in the study of diffusive-thermal (Turing) instability of flames propagating in a Hele-Shaw channel in a direction transverse to a shear flow. Three regimes exhibiting different scaling laws are identified in the neighbourhood of the tricritical point. For these three regimes, sixth-order partial differential equations are obtained governing the weakly nonlinear evolution of unstable solutions near the onset of instability. These sixth-order PDES may be regarded as the substitute for the classical fourth-order Kuramoto­­­­­­–­­Sivashinsky equation which is not applicable near the …


Chacahoula 2023, Tram Phan, Mallory Kaul, Alayna Pellegrin Oct 2023

Chacahoula 2023, Tram Phan, Mallory Kaul, Alayna Pellegrin

Chacahoula

WE GROW, WE DEVELOP, WE THRIVE:

The 2023 issue of Chacahoula includes December 2022 and May 2023 graduating classes, as well as stunning photography of Week of Welcome, Homecoming, Mardi Gras, and Spring Fever. With features covering notable students, faculty, and staff, this year's time capsule beautifully preserves an academic year in the life of the University of Louisiana at Monroe.


Self-Reported Consumption Of Bottled Water V. Tap Water In Appalachian And Non-Appalachian Kentucky, Jason W. Marion Aug 2023

Self-Reported Consumption Of Bottled Water V. Tap Water In Appalachian And Non-Appalachian Kentucky, Jason W. Marion

Journal of Appalachian Health

Introduction: Quantitative studies on drinking water perceptions in Appalachia are limited. High-profile water infrastructure failures in the U.S. and Eastern Kentucky, coupled with human-made and natural disasters in the Appalachian Region, have likely impacted opinions regarding tap water.

Purpose: To use existing unexplored data to describe baseline tap water v. bottled water consumption in Kentucky.

Methods: Telephone-based cross-sectional data were obtained from the 2013 Kentucky Health Issues Poll (KHIP) directed by the Foundation for a Healthy Kentucky. Among many items in KHIP, self-reported consumption of bottled water over tap water, reasons for bottled water use, and demographic data were obtained. …


Scale Model Experiments Of Toxic Gas Production From The Combustion Of Polymers When Applied With Different Droplet Sizes Of Water Mist, Nicharee Thinnakornsutubutr, Masayuki Mizuno, Kazunori Kuwana Aug 2023

Scale Model Experiments Of Toxic Gas Production From The Combustion Of Polymers When Applied With Different Droplet Sizes Of Water Mist, Nicharee Thinnakornsutubutr, Masayuki Mizuno, Kazunori Kuwana

Progress in Scale Modeling, an International Journal

This research experimentally investigated the combustion of polymeric materials with water mist application in an enclosure, with an emphasis on the production of toxic gases. Two different diameters, ~100 and ~260 μm, were tested. The experimental conditions were determined based on Froude similarity laws for low drop Reynolds number conditions. Droplets and polymers’ physical and chemical properties influence the burning/extinguishing behavior and toxic-gas evolution. In general, larger droplets can extinguish a fire in a shorter time, and toxic gas concentrations in a test chamber decreased more rapidly. However, the large droplets tended to cause the flame expansion phenomenon for thermoplastics …


The Role Of Using Images In Outdoor Advertising Designs To Attract Attention, Sattar Al-Juboori Dr. Jul 2023

The Role Of Using Images In Outdoor Advertising Designs To Attract Attention, Sattar Al-Juboori Dr.

Middle East Journal of Communication Studies

Outdoor advertising has dominated the visual landscape of cities around the world. Outdoor advertising in city streets and public places are different than the ones located in other places for many reasons. First, it is directed towards particular audience who has no option but to look at it. The research problem lies in the excessive use of images in ways that may have been randomly put without taking into consideration certain factors such as allocation, processing, design construction or some expressive and psychological aspects. Experts have defined some technical problems related to image-choice and the extent of its future impact …


Professional And Ethical Challenges Of Robot Journalism From The Perspective Of Jordanian Journalists, Mazen Al-Fedawi Dr. Jul 2023

Professional And Ethical Challenges Of Robot Journalism From The Perspective Of Jordanian Journalists, Mazen Al-Fedawi Dr.

Middle East Journal of Communication Studies

This study aimed at identifying the extent of Jordanian journalists ’awareness of the concept of robot journalism and its mechanisms of action, and identifying the most important areas covered by robot journalism, in addition to reviewing the pros and cons of the spread of robot journalism, and the most important professional and ethical challenges associated with robot journalism from the viewpoint of Jordanian journalists. To achieve the objectives of the study, the researcher followed the descriptive and analytical method. The study sample consisted of (350) Jordanian journalists, and the questionnaire was distributed to them in two ways, electronically and manually. …


The Effect Of The Production Pattern On The Media Content In The Jordanian Tv Channels From The Contact Person Point View (An Analytical Study), Ashraf Al-Manaseer Dr., Shadi Abo-Rashed Mr. Jul 2023

The Effect Of The Production Pattern On The Media Content In The Jordanian Tv Channels From The Contact Person Point View (An Analytical Study), Ashraf Al-Manaseer Dr., Shadi Abo-Rashed Mr.

Middle East Journal of Communication Studies

The effect of the production pattern on the media content in the Jordanian TV channels from the contact person point view, through analytical study. The study relied on the descriptive approach based on studying the facts about the nature of the phenomenon or a group of individuals, or a group of events or situations related to photographing, analyzing and evaluating the characteristics of the phenomenon to find out the variables that cause the phenomenon to occur, A questionnaire was designed for the study to achieve the desired goals, the study population consisted of 13 private channels in Jordan, and the …


The Influence Of The Celebrities Of Social Media Platforms On University Students, Hanan Al-Shiekh Dr., Mahmoud Al-Rajabi Dr. Jul 2023

The Influence Of The Celebrities Of Social Media Platforms On University Students, Hanan Al-Shiekh Dr., Mahmoud Al-Rajabi Dr.

Middle East Journal of Communication Studies

This study aims to identify the impact of famous people on social media platforms on university students. The qualitative methodology and inductive approach were used in the research by conducting in-depth interviews with 21 students from various Jordanian universities, and a focus group of 7 university students was selected, with 12 female influencers and 21 male influencers among them. The study showed that there are seven main reasons that motivate students to pursue and follow-up those influencers, which are: admiration and love, living in another world with different influences, career path, and the release of students’ stress, gaining information that …


The Degree Of Satisfaction Of Facebook Users About Its Features, Usage Motives And Achieved Gratifications.“An Applied Study On Students Of The Faculty Of Mass Communication At The Middle East University”To Attract Attention, Ahmad Oreqat Dr. Jul 2023

The Degree Of Satisfaction Of Facebook Users About Its Features, Usage Motives And Achieved Gratifications.“An Applied Study On Students Of The Faculty Of Mass Communication At The Middle East University”To Attract Attention, Ahmad Oreqat Dr.

Middle East Journal of Communication Studies

This study aimed at determining the extent of satisfaction of Facebook users from the students of the Faculty of Media at the Middle East University with regard to its advantages, drivers of use, and the achieved gratifications. The study sample, which was chosen on the available random sample basis, consisted of 106 students enrolled in the second semester in the 2019-2020 academic year which are 308 students. The theoretical framework of the study depended on the theory of uses and gratifications, and the results of the study highlighted that the degree of satisfaction of Facebook users among students about its …


The People's Food Project, Grace Barrett Jun 2023

The People's Food Project, Grace Barrett

Masters Theses

The architectural design of spaces offering food assistance has received little to no attention since food pantries emerged in the 1970s. Non-profit food initiatives are often sited quickly with limited resources, producing inadequate spaces unable to fully support a food insecure community, prioritize the experience of users, and create a sense of belonging. The current spaces limit services to merely food distribution. They do not take advantage of the opportunity to expand socioeconomic capital through the power of shared food experiences: growing, cooking, eating, and learning.

This thesis redefines the traditional food pantry model, responding to explorations in psychological comfort …


Nature As Material, Time As Tool, Chuchu Chen Jun 2023

Nature As Material, Time As Tool, Chuchu Chen

Masters Theses

No building stands forever. Over time, the natural environment acts upon the outer surface of the building, leading to the failure of materials and the final dissolution of the structure itself, leading to ruin. In order to prevent this or retard its occurrence, we constantly maintain and renew the things we build. Nature seems to stand in opposition to architecture. The passage of time is constantly subtracting from the building. However, what differentiates nature from architecture? This thesis questions whether these two are not opposed, but on a continuous spectrum. Approaching the building as part of the overall environment that …