Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Life Sciences

2014

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 34

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Ua1c11/55 Gordon Wilson Photo Collection, Wku Archives Dec 2014

Ua1c11/55 Gordon Wilson Photo Collection, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Photographs taken by and of Gordon Wilson.


Methane Production By A Packed-Bed Anaerobic Digester Fed Dairy Barn Flush Water, Sean Richard Thomson Dec 2014

Methane Production By A Packed-Bed Anaerobic Digester Fed Dairy Barn Flush Water, Sean Richard Thomson

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Packed-bed digesters are an alternative to covered lagoon digesters for methane production and anaerobic treatment of dilute wastewaters such as dairy barn flush water. The physical media of packed-beds retain biofilms, often allowing increased treatment rates. Previous studies have evaluated several types of media for digestion of dilute wastewaters, but cost and media fouling have setback commercial development. A major operational cost has been effluent recirculation pumping.

In the present effort, a novel approach to anaerobic digestion of flush dairy water was developed at pilot-scale: broken walnut shells were used as a low-cost packed-bed medium and effluent recirculation was replaced ...


Urban Wildlife, John Hadidian, Sydney Smith Aug 2014

Urban Wildlife, John Hadidian, Sydney Smith

John Hadidian, PhD

Despite the potential for difficulty, there are several reasons why urban wildlife should be valued and better understood. First is its scientific and heuristic value. Urban wildlife populations are essentially parts of ongoing natural experiments in adaptation to anthropogenic stress. How urban animals are affected by human activities— and how they cope with them— can represent, on a highly accelerated scale, a model of what is happening to species in other biomes. No other wild animals live in such intimate contact and under such constant constraint from human activities as do synanthropes. Second, urban animals are exposed to many environmental ...


Buildings With Brain Power: Library Architecture In Neural Terms., Hannah Bennett Aug 2014

Buildings With Brain Power: Library Architecture In Neural Terms., Hannah Bennett

Hannah Bennett

The connection between neuroscience and the built environment is a fairly new interdisciplinary field and one in which both fields, in their respective pursuits, have worked to understand the relationship between design choices, human behavior, and biological processes. Taken together and applied in tandem, these two activities have potential to vastly improve the effectiveness of buildings designed with the healthcare facilities, laboratories, or elementary schools, all of which share objectives of healing and intellectual cultivation. This paper will extend the dialogue to library design, perhaps the most representationally loaded expression of “mental space.” The library has seen profound changes in ...


Jeffrey, Jonathan David, B. 1960 (Sc 2847), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Jun 2014

Jeffrey, Jonathan David, B. 1960 (Sc 2847), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 2847. Historic Farms Certificate Application, Kentucky Historic Resources Abbreviated Survey Form and supporting material, prepared by Jonathan D. Jeffrey to designate the Paschal Howell Farm, Warren County, Kentucky, a centennial farm. This designation is bestowed on farms that have been owned by the same family for one hundred years or more. Includes compact disc with 13 photographs.


Water Water Everywhere: Analyzing Long Island's Water Issues And Finding Solutions For A Sustainable Future, Anthony T. Becker May 2014

Water Water Everywhere: Analyzing Long Island's Water Issues And Finding Solutions For A Sustainable Future, Anthony T. Becker

2014 Student Theses

Over three million people call Long Island their home. With access to beautiful landscapes, world-renowned beaches, and proximity to New York City, it is no wonder that so many proudly call this geographic stretch of glacial till their home. However, throughout the years our actions do not necessarily reflect this affection we have to our home. Years of sprawl and human infestation across the island have resulted in widespread environmental degradation. Specifically, the water we drink and the beaches we enjoy have become endangered. I plan on studying the urban ecology of how intensified population growth led to the eutrophication ...


Scholar Week, Janna Mclean Apr 2014

Scholar Week, Janna Mclean

Scholar Week Archives (2011-2015)

ONU's Scholar Week #4.


2014 - The Nineteenth Annual Symposium Of Student Scholars Apr 2014

2014 - The Nineteenth Annual Symposium Of Student Scholars

Symposium of Student Scholars Program Books

The full program book from the Nineteenth Annual Symposium of Student Scholars, held on April 17, 2014. Includes abstracts from the presentations and posters.


2014 Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc) Full Program, Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc) Apr 2014

2014 Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc) Full Program, Pacific Undergraduate Research And Creativity Conference (Purcc)

Pacific Undergraduate Research and Creativity Conference (PURCC)

No abstract provided.


Student Spotlight On Research And Outreach Proceedings, Suny College Of Environmental Science And Forestry Apr 2014

Student Spotlight On Research And Outreach Proceedings, Suny College Of Environmental Science And Forestry

Student Spotlight on Research and Outreach

ESF's annual Spotlight Symposium is a dynamic forum where graduate and undergraduate students share the results of their research and community service projects. The Spotlight is a student poster session highlighting scholarly efforts.


Issue Brief: Asset Management For Stormwater, New England Environmental Finance Center, Sustainable Communities Learning Network Apr 2014

Issue Brief: Asset Management For Stormwater, New England Environmental Finance Center, Sustainable Communities Learning Network

Sustainable Communities Capacity Building

Asset management is a strategic approach to maintaining and sustaining infrastructure in order to meet the needs of the community at the lowest overall life cycle cost. This approach helps communities know how and where to prioritize limited funds in order to achieve the greatest benefit. Often applied to drinking water and wastewater infrastructure, this method is well suited to managing any assets, including stormwater systems.

This issue brief is intended to introduce local governments to the asset management process and to show how it can be applied in managing stormwater assets. It was adapted from an appendix written by ...


Graduate Students Research Presentation Series, Saul Abarca Mar 2014

Graduate Students Research Presentation Series, Saul Abarca

Latin American Urbanism Symposium

"Changing roles of market, state and civil society: the case of coffee cooperatives and small farmers in Mexico"

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate how civil society organizations, in particular coffee cooperatives, are responding to the growth of market power and the decline of government’s role in the coffee regime. At the international and national (Mexican) levels a strong neoliberal agenda skewed towards the freedom of the market has changed the relationships with the state and civil society. The strong role of the market, and the volatility of international coffee prices as well as the lack of assertive agricultural ...


Conference Program, Lauren Fretz Thompson Jan 2014

Conference Program, Lauren Fretz Thompson

Alliance for the Arts in Research Universities Conference Proceedings

The a2ru Emerging Creatives Student Conference served students of all disciplines with an interest in crossing creative boundaries and actualizing collaborative projects. As a convocation of students from a2ru partner universities across the country, the conference focused on providing the inspiration and tools needed to help this group of emerging creatives develop, execute, and sustain new interdisciplinary collaborative endeavors. The conference was extraordinarily successful.


Imagining Possibilities For Healthy Appalachian Communities In An Emerging Postindustrial Landscape, Brian Hoey Jan 2014

Imagining Possibilities For Healthy Appalachian Communities In An Emerging Postindustrial Landscape, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This paper explores how community might be re-imagined to promote incipient social and economic agendas born increasingly of broad-minded citizen initiatives within the Appalachian region aimed at what is generally understood as “development,” but of a form distinct from the prevailing models of a more industrial age. I would like to ask whether a city like Huntington, West Virginia can emerge as a progressive example of what we might term postindustrial, urban regeneration and perhaps what we might call community healing—specifically through grassroots movement now finding local governmental support in collective attempts to transform this place from one defined ...


Introduction To Volume 6, Michael Sherr Jan 2014

Introduction To Volume 6, Michael Sherr

Journal of Adolescent and Family Health

Introduction to Volume 6


The Environmental Condition Of Tan Brook And Campus Pond, A Community And University Concern, Marita Clay, Robert F. Smith Jan 2014

The Environmental Condition Of Tan Brook And Campus Pond, A Community And University Concern, Marita Clay, Robert F. Smith

Research

Small streams have the unfortunate ability to be greatly impacted by human intervention. Civilizations for centuries have attempted to alter the natural state of their environment, and Amherst's own Tan Brook is a local example of the consequences of human alterations on a stream. The brook flows over and under what many local citizens call home, and where many UMass students go to learn. A healthier Tan Brook would be expected to provide for improvement of ecosystem services such as flood control and nutrient processing, resulting in a cleaner campus pond and a better connection between the stream and ...


Qualitative And Comparative Analysis Of Stormwater Management In The Tan Brook Watershed, Natalia Von Hausen, Robert F. Smith Jan 2014

Qualitative And Comparative Analysis Of Stormwater Management In The Tan Brook Watershed, Natalia Von Hausen, Robert F. Smith

Research

The Tan Brook Watershed is both a daylighted and diverted underground stream that runs through the Town Center of Amherst and the campus of UMass Amherst. Various stormwater management practices have been used to infiltrate stormwater runoff from streets, lots, buildings and/or vehicles. These systems are custom-designed relative to the surrounding permeability of the soil, vegetation and geographical topography. Some systems have higher success rates than others.


Brief Analysis Of The Tan Brook Watershed In Amherst, Massachusetts, Andrew Mckenna, Robert F. Smith Jan 2014

Brief Analysis Of The Tan Brook Watershed In Amherst, Massachusetts, Andrew Mckenna, Robert F. Smith

Research

The Tan Brook is a small 3.91 square kilometer watershed that runs through and encompasses the highly urbanized areas of Amherst, MA. It is part of the Connecticut River basin and the Mill River sub-basin. In order to meet the high demands of the local middle and high school, and heavy runoff from high amounts of impervious cover from downtown Amherst and the University of Massachusetts, the Tan Brook has been highly culverted.


An Improved Stove For Canindeyú, Paraguay, Calvin Figuereo-Supraner, Adilet Issayev, Kyra Mcnamara, Clara Merino Jan 2014

An Improved Stove For Canindeyú, Paraguay, Calvin Figuereo-Supraner, Adilet Issayev, Kyra Mcnamara, Clara Merino

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Our project identifies a potential solution to the harmful cooking method concern seen in Canindeyú, Paraguay. We recommend a new cookstove to ensure the safety of families and their environment, and outline steps that must be taken to successfully implement this improved technology.

Poster Presentation, People's Choice Winner (2014)


Lighting The Way To Safer Birth: Improving The Solar Suitcase, Sierra Fraioli, Matthew Lepine, Shao Zhou, Zhehao Zhu Jan 2014

Lighting The Way To Safer Birth: Improving The Solar Suitcase, Sierra Fraioli, Matthew Lepine, Shao Zhou, Zhehao Zhu

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

We Care Solar, a non-governmental organization, attempted to solve the issue of maternal mortality due to improper lighting in Sub-Saharan Africa with their solar suitcase. We analyzed the suitcase and found major complications with the battery, solar panels, and user manual. Our project seeks to resolve these complications. We propose to replace the lead-acid battery with a lithium-ion battery, implement more cost-effective solar panels which have non-stick coatings, and translate the manual for easier use by the local population.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


Sunflower Power: Phytoextraction In Action, Liam Beal, Colette Pellegrini, Ashley White, Chelsea White Jan 2014

Sunflower Power: Phytoextraction In Action, Liam Beal, Colette Pellegrini, Ashley White, Chelsea White

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Heavy metal is polluting soil in the Pearl River Delta, South China.

  • Food is still grown
  • Significant health risks

Causes: Rapid development of agriculture, industrial, and traffic practices

Solution: Sustainable Phytoremediation: Using sunflowers to remove heavy metal from soil


Chartering Worcester's Success, Benjamin Drury, Renee Laliberte, Jared Watson, Connor Wilgress Jan 2014

Chartering Worcester's Success, Benjamin Drury, Renee Laliberte, Jared Watson, Connor Wilgress

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

The city of Worcester, MA is subject to health issues due to economic instability and low access to affordable healthy food. Urban farming has the ability to solve this, but the city does not have an effective policy.

Poster Presentation, People's Choice Winner (2014)


Attractive Recycling: Recycling Of Rare Earth Magnets, Ying Lu, Lacqueline O'Connor, Antonios Aimilios Tachiaos, Taylor York Jan 2014

Attractive Recycling: Recycling Of Rare Earth Magnets, Ying Lu, Lacqueline O'Connor, Antonios Aimilios Tachiaos, Taylor York

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Rare earth magnets (REM) are powerful magnets that are commonly used in household appliances, wind turbines, and other technological processes. A growing shortage of the elements needed in order to make REMs as well as trade disputes between the countries exporting the materials cause fluctuating costs for both manufacturers and consumers. The goal of this project was to investigate ways to increase REM recycling rates in end of life (EOL) products and devise a plan to establish this practice in the United States since there are currently no systems in place. Through research of recycling practices in Europe and Asia ...


Entertaining Education: Interactive Learning On Kindergarten Children, Christopher Bianco, Kelly Carlson, Dominic Redding Jan 2014

Entertaining Education: Interactive Learning On Kindergarten Children, Christopher Bianco, Kelly Carlson, Dominic Redding

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


Disease On The Door Handle: Campus Infection Prevention, Nicholas Kulick, Lea Strangio, Kaitlyn Valla Jan 2014

Disease On The Door Handle: Campus Infection Prevention, Nicholas Kulick, Lea Strangio, Kaitlyn Valla

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


Floragenesis: Community Garden Initiative, Ian Schneier, Rachel Payne, Duong Nguyen, Liam Goodale Jan 2014

Floragenesis: Community Garden Initiative, Ian Schneier, Rachel Payne, Duong Nguyen, Liam Goodale

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Floragenesis addressed food issues on campus, such as freshness and localness, with the proposal of a campus community garden that utilizes food waste otherwise neglected. Over time, the composting aspect of the program would phase out the practice of exporting food waste from the main dining halls. Composting feasibility studies specific to the WPI have been conducted in the past. For this reason, Floragenesis has primarily focused on construction, productivity, and community garden management.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


Salisbury Pond Restoration, Anthony Rodriguez, Patrick Trant, James Vorosmarti, Albert Languet Jan 2014

Salisbury Pond Restoration, Anthony Rodriguez, Patrick Trant, James Vorosmarti, Albert Languet

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Salisbury Pond has been contaminated for over 40 years, it is time to take action.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


Before The Water Runs Out: Educating Children, Zachary Estrella, Evelyn Grainger, Lenna Quackenbush, Peter John Smith Jan 2014

Before The Water Runs Out: Educating Children, Zachary Estrella, Evelyn Grainger, Lenna Quackenbush, Peter John Smith

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

  • Develop a curriculum to educate students on water sustainability and engineering solutions
  • Develop method for evaluating effectiveness of curriculum
  • Fundraise for a rainwater harvesting system at Tatnuck Magnet School

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


The Buzz In Boma, Josh Moniz, Zachary Palanchian, Chris Salomone, Jack Sengstaken, Rhaine Sziy Jan 2014

The Buzz In Boma, Josh Moniz, Zachary Palanchian, Chris Salomone, Jack Sengstaken, Rhaine Sziy

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

African sleeping sickness is a severe disease in Boma, DRC that takes the lives of many. To counter this disease we distributed ITN's in Boma using a similar process as used in Tanzania to combat malaria in 2005. Our goal was to distribute ITN's to 25% of the at risk population of Boma. Based on the success of the Tanzania Net Program, we expect the cases of HAT to decrease significantly over the next year.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2014)


Appalink, Appalachian Studies Association Jan 2014

Appalink, Appalachian Studies Association

Appalink

No abstract provided.