Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Series

2006

Agriculture

Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 755

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

New Extension Corn Production Web Site, Lori Abendroth, Roger W. Elmore Dec 2006

New Extension Corn Production Web Site, Lori Abendroth, Roger W. Elmore

Integrated Crop Management News

We've designed a new Web site for Iowa State University Extension corn production that has current and relevant management information for producing corn in Iowa. The Web site provides research-based recommendations and diagnostic tools for producers and agribusinesses. The largest section of the Web site is devoted to "Corn Management," which is broken into categories based on whether the topic addresses overarching production issues, such as cropping systems and rotations, or if the topic can be isolated to a certain time of the growing season (planting, early-season, mid-/late-season, harvest). For example, in the "Planting" category, users can find ...


A Response To Phenomenon In 2006: Multiple Ears Per Node, Roger W. Elmore, Lori Abendroth Dec 2006

A Response To Phenomenon In 2006: Multiple Ears Per Node, Roger W. Elmore, Lori Abendroth

Integrated Crop Management News

Corn hybrids from several companies expressed more than one ear at a single node from Iowa to Indiana in 2006. Multiple ears are not unexpected, but they typically occur at different nodes (as with prolific hybrids), not on the same node. This trait was expressed in different ways in Iowa. In the most extreme cases, up to eight ears occurred at a single node. Some have called these "bouquets." Ears on these plants were usually barren. In one case, a field with bouquet ears yielded 50 bu/acre.


How To Interpret Scn Soil Test Results, Gregory L. Tylka Dec 2006

How To Interpret Scn Soil Test Results, Gregory L. Tylka

Integrated Crop Management News

Soybean yield loss due to the soybean cyst nematode (SCN) occurred throughout much of Iowa in 2006. Damage from this pest was particularly noticeable in areas of the state that were very dry. There seems to be increased interest in testing for and managing SCN in Iowa this fall, and there likely has been more fields sampled for SCN this fall than in recent years. Following are some commonly asked questions and answers that illustrate things to consider when interpreting SCN soil sample results. This information is excerpted from Iowa State University Extension publication IPM 61, Interpreting SCN Soil Sample ...


Crop Performance Test Bulletins Now Available, Keven Arrowsmith Dec 2006

Crop Performance Test Bulletins Now Available, Keven Arrowsmith

Integrated Crop Management News

Results of the 2006 Iowa Crop Performance Tests for alfalfa, barley, corn, oat, soybean, triticale, and winter wheat are now available. For those wanting to download a copy of the bulletins, visit the Iowa Crop Improvement Association (ICIA) Web site or the Iowa State University (ISU) Extension Distribution Center (EDC) online store. Published bulletins may be requested by contacting ICIA at (515) 294-6921 or EDC at (515) 294-5247.


Aphids In The Air: What Is The Risk For 2007?, Wayne Ohnesorg, Matthew E. O'Neal, Marlin E. Rice Dec 2006

Aphids In The Air: What Is The Risk For 2007?, Wayne Ohnesorg, Matthew E. O'Neal, Marlin E. Rice

Integrated Crop Management News

The 2006 growing season has come to a close and with it another year's worth of experience with the soybean aphid. For many, it was a quiet, "low aphid" year with few reports of economic outbreaks within Iowa. Reflecting these low populations in the field, we observed fewer aphids within our suction traps (Figure 1) compared to the 2005 growing season when the traps collected nearly 100 times more aphids (Figure 2). For the last two years, the Iowa suction trap network (Figure 3) has been part of a larger network of suction traps located in nine states throughout ...


Small Grains And Field Peas: 2007 Variety Recommendations (2006 Crop Performance Results), Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University Dec 2006

Small Grains And Field Peas: 2007 Variety Recommendations (2006 Crop Performance Results), Cooperative Extension Service, South Dakota State University

SDSU Extension Circulars

Variety selection is a fundamental element in a sound crop production program. This report contains variety recommendations, descriptions, and yield data for the spring-seeded small grains – hard red spring wheat, oat, and barley, along with the fall-seeded small grain –hard red winter wheat. Key factors in variety selection include yield, yield stability, maturity, straw strength, height, test weight, quality, and disease resistance. Yield is an important factor; however, a variety with good disease resistance, straw strength, and high grain quality may be more profitable in some cases than the highest yielding variety. Disease resistance information is based on reactions to ...


Collective Action By Women’S Groups To Combat Drought And Poverty In Northern Kenya, D. Layne Coppock, Solomon Desta, Getachew Gebru, Adan Wako, Ibrahim Aden, Chachu Tadecha, Seyoum Tezera Dec 2006

Collective Action By Women’S Groups To Combat Drought And Poverty In Northern Kenya, D. Layne Coppock, Solomon Desta, Getachew Gebru, Adan Wako, Ibrahim Aden, Chachu Tadecha, Seyoum Tezera

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

Collective action can be an effective means of local development and risk reduction among rural people, but few examples have been documented in pastoral areas. We conducted extensive interviews for 16 women’s groups residing in northern Kenya. Our objectives were to understand how groups were formed, governed, and sustained and what activities they have pursued. The groups we interviewed were 10 years old, on average. Charter memberships averaged about 24 women, 20 of whom were illiterate. Half of the groups formed after facilitation by a development partner and half formed spontaneously. Groups are governed under detailed constitutional frameworks with ...


Community Perceptions Concerning Key Ecological Resources At Risk In Baringo District, Kenya, D. Layne Coppock, Mark N. Mutinda, Abdillahi A. Aboud Dec 2006

Community Perceptions Concerning Key Ecological Resources At Risk In Baringo District, Kenya, D. Layne Coppock, Mark N. Mutinda, Abdillahi A. Aboud

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

Key ecological resources in arid and semi-arid lands are often characterized by small patches of seasonal grazing and important water points that lend critical support to entire production systems. When key resources are degraded or lost, production systems can be badly compromised. The Baringo District of north-central Kenya is well known for enduring decades of environmental degradation and food relief. As an initial part of an effort to map and characterize key ecological resources at risk in Baringo, we interviewed 136 resident leaders from pastoral and agro-pastoral areas. We asked them to identify and rank their most vulnerable ecological resources ...


From Herd Diversification To Livelihood Diversification As A Response To Poverty: The Case Of The Waso Boran Of Northern Kenya, D. Layne Coppock, Abdullahi D. Jillo, Abdillahi A. Aboud Dec 2006

From Herd Diversification To Livelihood Diversification As A Response To Poverty: The Case Of The Waso Boran Of Northern Kenya, D. Layne Coppock, Abdullahi D. Jillo, Abdillahi A. Aboud

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

The Waso Boran of northern Kenya used to have large, mobile, and diverse herds of livestock that exploited equally large and diverse rangelands. Forty years of human population growth, drought, environmental change, and lack of relevant policies have altered this situation, however, with the majority of Waso Boran today being livestock poor and engaged in a variety of non-pastoral activities to diversify their livelihoods. One-third of 540 households we surveyed in Isiolo District now have ten head of cattle or less, and a larger census suggests that only 15 percent of households can currently be categorized as mobile pastoralists. The ...


Public Engagement To Prioritize The Pastoral Research Agenda At The Pastoral And Agro-Pastoral Research Center Of Oari In Ethiopia, D. Layne Coppock, Getachew Gebru, Lemma Gizachew, Sintayehu Mesele, Mohammed Hassena, Solomon Desta Dec 2006

Public Engagement To Prioritize The Pastoral Research Agenda At The Pastoral And Agro-Pastoral Research Center Of Oari In Ethiopia, D. Layne Coppock, Getachew Gebru, Lemma Gizachew, Sintayehu Mesele, Mohammed Hassena, Solomon Desta

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

The Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI) has a mandate to conduct agricultural and livestock research throughout the Regional State of Oromia in Ethiopia. OARI has recently opened a facility near Yabello town on the Borana Plateau called the Pastoral and Agro-Pastoral Research Center. A meeting was held in August 2006 at Yabello that involved representatives from pastoral communities, the private sector, government, and non-governmental organizations. The aim was to engage stakeholders in a process of problem prioritization and set the stage to create new partnerships to better address pressing problems. The final priorities included: addressing a general decline in forage ...


Changes In Land Cover And Soil Conditions For The Yabelo District Of The Borana Plateau, 1973-2003, D. Layne Coppock, Sintayehu Mesele, Heluf Gebrekidan, Lemma Gizachew Dec 2006

Changes In Land Cover And Soil Conditions For The Yabelo District Of The Borana Plateau, 1973-2003, D. Layne Coppock, Sintayehu Mesele, Heluf Gebrekidan, Lemma Gizachew

Environment and Society Faculty Publications

It has been proposed that the Borana Plateau has markedly changed in terms of land cover and land use in recent decades, but no hard data have been available to critically assess this claim. In addition, systematic analysis of soil properties has been limited. Research was designed to measure changes in land cover/land use over 30 years in the 400-km2 Yabelo District of southern Ethiopia using three satellite images taken at an average interval of 15 years. Samples were also collected to assess variation in the physical and chemical properties of dominant soils. Results indicated that Yabelo District has ...


Interview With Carol Mayer-Reed, Mayer/Reed, 2006 (Audio), Carol Mayer-Reed Dec 2006

Interview With Carol Mayer-Reed, Mayer/Reed, 2006 (Audio), Carol Mayer-Reed

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Carol Mayer-Reed by Robyn Russnogle at on December 1st, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Effects Of Training And Experience On Repeatable And Reliable Assessment Of Beef Cattle Body Condition Scores, Pete Burmeister Dec 2006

Effects Of Training And Experience On Repeatable And Reliable Assessment Of Beef Cattle Body Condition Scores, Pete Burmeister

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

In recent years, body condition scores (BCS) have been included in Expected Progeny differences (EPD) calculations for maintenance energy. This experiment was designed to identify the acuteness at which technicians of different skill levels can correctly quantify BCS in beef cattle. Thirteen students enrolled in agriculture at Western Kentucky University were assigned to three experimental technician groups based on training level. Five members of the colligate livestock judging team with extensive cattle backgrounds were BCS trained and assigned to the experienced level, four students were BCS trained by the WKU livestock judging coach and assigned to the trained level, and ...


Asexual Propagation Of Four Cultivars Of Vaccinium Corymbosum And Weed Management In An Established Orchard Of Vaccinium Corymbosum 'Bluejay' (Highbush Blueberry) In South Central Kentucky, Kyle Daniel Dec 2006

Asexual Propagation Of Four Cultivars Of Vaccinium Corymbosum And Weed Management In An Established Orchard Of Vaccinium Corymbosum 'Bluejay' (Highbush Blueberry) In South Central Kentucky, Kyle Daniel

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

In response to the changing economy of Kentucky tobacco, producers are seeking an economically viable alternative that can be produced on a similarly small acreage. Blueberries are an emerging crop that satisfy the needs of these producers and are popular with consumers for their flavor and health benefits. In addition to selling the berries, local producers are experiencing much success selling blueberry plants to homeowners and other producers. However, the protocol for propagating specific cultivars under local environmental conditions is unknown. Rooting percentages for producers has been extremely variable. A two year study conducted at Western Kentucky University investigated asexual ...


Potential Benefits Of Wetland Filters For Tile Drainage Systems: Impact On Nitrate Loads To Mississippi River Subbasins, William G. Crumpton, Greg A. Stenback, B. A. Miller, Matthew J. Helmers Dec 2006

Potential Benefits Of Wetland Filters For Tile Drainage Systems: Impact On Nitrate Loads To Mississippi River Subbasins, William G. Crumpton, Greg A. Stenback, B. A. Miller, Matthew J. Helmers

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Technical Reports and White Papers

The primary objective of this project was to estimate the nitrate reduction that could be achieved using restored wetlands as nitrogen sinks in tile-drained regions of the upper Mississippi River (UMR) and Ohio River basins. This report provides an assessment of nitrate concentrations and loads across the UMR and Ohio River basins and the mass reduction of nitrate loading that could be achieved using wetlands to intercept nonpoint source nitrate loads. Nitrate concentration and stream discharge data were used to calculate stream nitrate loading and annual flow-weighted average (FWA) nitrate concentrations and to develop a model of FWA nitrate concentration ...


Intra-Industry Trade, Multilateral Trade Integration, And Invasive Species Risk, Anh T. Tu, John C. Beghin Dec 2006

Intra-Industry Trade, Multilateral Trade Integration, And Invasive Species Risk, Anh T. Tu, John C. Beghin

CARD Working Papers

We analyze the linkage between protectionism and invasive species (IS) hazard in the context of two-way trade and multilateral trade integration, two major features of real-world agricultural trade. Multilateral integration includes the joint reduction of tariffs and trade costs among trading partners. Multilateral trade integration is more likely to increase damages from IS than predicted by unilateral trade opening under the classic Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) framework because domestic production (the base susceptible to damages) is likely to increase with expanding export markets. A country integrating its trade with a partner characterized by relatively higher tariff and trade costs is also more ...


Extended Visions, November/December 2006 Dec 2006

Extended Visions, November/December 2006

Extended Visions Newsletter of ARDC

Contents:
ARDC Director's Comments
ARDC Feature Unit – ARDC Administration
About the People
ASSIST Business Center Focuses on Service
Technology Capabilities at the ARDC
Calendar of Events
Embracing Holiday Nutrition
How We Spent Our Summer at the ARDC
Mead Magnet School Update
FFA “Families”
Nebraska Soybean Day and Machinery Expo Friday, Dec. 8
Upcoming Workshops for Acreage Owners Nebraska Friendly Landscapes
Wanted: Master Gardeners


Ard News December 2006 Dec 2006

Ard News December 2006

Agricultural Research Division News & Annual Reports

Contents:

Comments from the Dean
William G. Whitmore Student Travel Endowment
David H. and Annie E. Larrick Fund, 2007
Undergraduate Honors Research Program
ARD Foundation/Grant Processes
New or Revised Projects September and October 2006
Proposals Submitted for Federal Grants September and October 2006
Grants and Contracts Received for September and October 2006


Ard News December 2006 Dec 2006

Ard News December 2006

Agricultural Research Division News & Annual Reports

CONTENTS:

Comments from the Dean
William G. Whitmore Student Travel Endowment
David H. and Annie E. Larrick Fund, 2007
UNDERGRADUATE HONORS RESEARCH PROGRAM
ARD Foundation/Grant Processes
New or Revised Projects September and October 2006
Proposals Submitted for Federal Grants September and October 2006
Grants and Contracts Received for September and October 2006


Watch The Drinking Water Quality Of Calves Reared In Individual Hutches, R. D. Wiedmeier Dec 2006

Watch The Drinking Water Quality Of Calves Reared In Individual Hutches, R. D. Wiedmeier

All Current Publications

Those involved in livestock production have often observed the relationship between drinking water intake, dry matter intake and performance.


Interview With Laurel Macdonald-Bonnell, Macdonald Environmental, 2006 (Audio), Laurel Macdonald-Bonnell Nov 2006

Interview With Laurel Macdonald-Bonnell, Macdonald Environmental, 2006 (Audio), Laurel Macdonald-Bonnell

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Laurel McDonald by Chloe Collins at MacDonald Environmental Planning on November 29th, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Interview With Brian Croak, Croak Creations, 2006 (Audio), Brian Croak Nov 2006

Interview With Brian Croak, Croak Creations, 2006 (Audio), Brian Croak

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Brian Croak by Chloe Collins on November 28th, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


More About Early Seed Discounts, Jim R. Rouse, Roger W. Elmore, Lori Abendroth Nov 2006

More About Early Seed Discounts, Jim R. Rouse, Roger W. Elmore, Lori Abendroth

Integrated Crop Management News

We received a great deal of feedback from our article in the October 9, 2006, issue of the ICM newsletterconcerning early seed discounts. Most of it was very positive and congratulated us for tackling an issue that is important to every grower. There were also a few readers who felt the article missed the mark, so we want to clarify some of the points.


Late Movement Of Soybean Rust, Daren S. Mueller Nov 2006

Late Movement Of Soybean Rust, Daren S. Mueller

Integrated Crop Management News

After a hot, dry summer with very little movement, soybean rust made a late push both up the East Coast and into the Ohio River Valley. After the dust settled from the excitement in October, rust was reported in 159 new counties, including seven new states (Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Tennessee, and Virginia). Soybean rust season totals to date are 230 counties in 15 states on soybean and 262 counties total (including kudzu). Last year at this time, there were only 130 counties in seven states positive for soybean rust. No rust was found in Iowa despite extensive scouting ...


Scn-Resistant Soybean Varieties For 2007: Many Choices, Few Sources Of Resistance, Gregory L. Tylka Nov 2006

Scn-Resistant Soybean Varieties For 2007: Many Choices, Few Sources Of Resistance, Gregory L. Tylka

Integrated Crop Management News

The soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is a major yield-limiting pest of soybeans throughout the Midwest that can be managed very effectively through use of SCN-resistant soybean varieties. Resistant varieties reduce the amount of SCN reproduction (and population density buildup) that occurs while producing significantly greater soybean yields than non-resistant (susceptible) varieties in fields infested with the nematode. The Iowa State University Extension publication titled Soybean cyst nematode-resistant soybean varieties for Iowa has recently been updated, is now available, and lists SCN-resistant soybean varieties available to Iowa growers in late maturity group 0 and maturity groups 1, 2, and 3.


Ethanol Webcast Archived Online, Jean Mcguire Nov 2006

Ethanol Webcast Archived Online, Jean Mcguire

Integrated Crop Management News

The Perspectives on Present and Future Corn-Based Ethanol Industry webcast was presented by Iowa State University (ISU) Extension on Monday, November 13. An archive of the program is available athttp://www.extension.iastate.edu/webcast/archive.htm. Seven Iowa State University economists presented economic information on several aspects of the industry during the 3-hour, 15-minute program. Links to papers offering additional information on each topic and the PowerPoint each presenter used are available at http://www.extension.iastate.edu/ag/ethanol.html.


What's Your Type?: An Hg Type Test For Scn Populations, Gregory L. Tylka Nov 2006

What's Your Type?: An Hg Type Test For Scn Populations, Gregory L. Tylka

Integrated Crop Management News

SCN-resistant soybean varieties reduce the amount of SCN reproduction that occurs when soybeans are grown. But if resistant soybean varieties are grown repeatedly, an SCN population capable of reproducing readily on the resistant varieties can develop. This is because resistant varieties are not immune; they allow some low level of SCN reproduction. The possibility of SCN populations building up on resistant varieties is especially a concern because almost all resistant soybean varieties have SCN resistance genes from the soybean breeding line PI88788 (see article on newly published list of SCN-resistant soybean varieties for 2007 in this issue).


Bt Rootworm Corn Failures: Understanding The Issues, Jon J. Tollefson, Marlin E. Rice Nov 2006

Bt Rootworm Corn Failures: Understanding The Issues, Jon J. Tollefson, Marlin E. Rice

Integrated Crop Management News

Genetically engineered corn that produces a Bt toxin effective against corn rootworms is now readily available and was widely planted in Iowa during 2006. Several seed companies have registrations, or will have shortly, and they will add additional Bt events and varieties to the choices for corn rootworm management. Does that mean that our corn rootworm management decisions are over, and we don't have to worry about rootworm injury? No. Bt corn rootworm hybrids are another insect management tool that must be thoughtfully incorporated into corn production practices.


2006 Oregon Harvest Report, Oregon Wine Board Nov 2006

2006 Oregon Harvest Report, Oregon Wine Board

Oregon Wine Board Documents

This harvest report for the Oregon wine industry from 2006 discusses how plentiful yields and mature flavors increased consumer access to quality Oregon wine. Statewide, the growing season was warm and dry, thrilling the Oregon winemakers and growers. The sugar was slightly higher, and, with the moderate levels of acidity, the fruit maintained full flavors.


Third Thursday 11-2006, Institute Of Agriculture Nov 2006

Third Thursday 11-2006, Institute Of Agriculture

Third Thursday

No abstract provided.