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2006

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Change In The Concentration Of Employment In Computer Services: Spatial Estimation At The U.S. Metro County Level, Donald Grimes, Mary Beth Walker, Penelope B. Prime Dec 2006

Change In The Concentration Of Employment In Computer Services: Spatial Estimation At The U.S. Metro County Level, Donald Grimes, Mary Beth Walker, Penelope B. Prime

International Business Faculty Publications

This paper models the concentration of computer services activity across theU.S.with factors that incorporate spatial relationships. Specifically, we enhance the standard home-area study with an analysis that allows conditions in neighboring counties to affect the concentration of employment in the home county. We use county-level data for metropolitan areas between 1990 and 1997. To measure change in employment concentration, we use the change in location quotients for SIC 737, which captures employment concentration changes due to both the number of firms and the scale of their activity relative to the national average. After controlling for local demand for ...


Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel Dec 2006

Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel

Library Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Automated Algorithm For The Identification Of Artifacts In Mottled And Noisy Images, Onome Augustine Ugbeme, Eli S. Saber, Wencheng Wu, Kartheek Chandu Dec 2006

Automated Algorithm For The Identification Of Artifacts In Mottled And Noisy Images, Onome Augustine Ugbeme, Eli S. Saber, Wencheng Wu, Kartheek Chandu

Articles

We describe a method for automatically classifying image-quality defects on printed documents. The proposed approach accepts a scanned image where the defect has been localized a priori and performs several appropriate image processing steps to reveal the region of interest. A mask is then created from the exposed region to identify bright outliers. Morphological reconstruction techniques are then applied to emphasize relevant local attributes. The classification of the defects is accomplished via a customized tree classifier that utilizes size or shape attributes at corresponding nodes to yield appropriate binary decisions. Applications of this process include automated/assisted diagnosis and repair ...


Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris Dec 2006

Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Background/Objective:

We present a 3-dimensional biomechanical model of the upper extremities to characterize joint dynamics during 2 patterns of Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait in children with myelomeningocele. The upper extremity model incorporates recommendations by the International Society of Biomechanics.

Methods:

A Vicon motion analysis system (14 cameras) captured the marker patterns. Instrumented crutches measured reaction forces. Five subjects with L3 or L4 level myelodysplasia (aged 9.8 ± 1.6 years) were analyzed during reciprocal and swing-through Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.

Results:

The mean walking speed, cadence, and stride length were greatest during swing-through gait. Although the gait patterns had different morphologies ...


Legislating Racial Fairness In Criminal Justice, Olatunde C.A. Johnson Dec 2006

Legislating Racial Fairness In Criminal Justice, Olatunde C.A. Johnson

Faculty Scholarship

Twenty years ago, in McCleskey v. Kemp, the Supreme Court rejected a capital defendant's claim that statistical evidence of racial discrimination in the administration of Georgia's death penalty system constituted a violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Yet, even as McCleskey effectively bars constitutional challenges to racial disparities in the criminal justice system where invidious bias is difficult to establish, the Court invites advocates to pursue legislation as a remedy to racial disparities. Indeed, the McCleskey Court offers as a rationale for its ruling the judiciary's institutional incompetence to remedy these disparities, holding that "McCleskey's ...


Sentencing For The 'Crime Of Crimes': The Evolving 'Common Law' Of Sentencing Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Robert Sloane Dec 2006

Sentencing For The 'Crime Of Crimes': The Evolving 'Common Law' Of Sentencing Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Robert Sloane

Faculty Scholarship

Absent much prescriptive guidance in its Statute or other positive law, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has been developing, in effect, a 'common law' of sentencing for the most serious international crimes: genocide and crimes against humanity. While it remains, as the Appeals Chamber has said, premature to speak of an emerging 'penal regime', and the coherence in sentencing practice that this denotes, this comment offers some preliminary reflections on the substantive law and process of sentencing as it has evolved through ICTR practice. Above all, I argue, sentencing must, but has not yet, become an integral part ...


Alcatraz Brewing Company Dec 2006

Alcatraz Brewing Company

All Menus in the National Restaurant Association Collection

Bar & grill. Brewery. Geographical location: Circle Centre Mall, Indianapolis, Indiana.


Lend Me Your Arms: The Use And Implications Of Humancentric Rfid, Amelia Masters, Katina Michael Dec 2006

Lend Me Your Arms: The Use And Implications Of Humancentric Rfid, Amelia Masters, Katina Michael

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

Recent developments in the area of RFID have seen the technology expand from its role in industrial and animal tagging applications, to being implantable in humans. With a gap in literature identified between current technological development and future humancentric possibility, little has been previously known about the nature of contemporary humancentric applications. By employing usability context analyses in control, convenience and care-related application areas, we begin to piece together a cohesive view of the current development state of humancentric RFID, as detached from predictive conjecture. This is supplemented by an understanding of the market-based, social and ethical concerns which plague ...


The Importance Of Scenarios In Evaluating The Socio-Ethical Implications Of Location-Based Services, L. Perusco, Katina Michael Dec 2006

The Importance Of Scenarios In Evaluating The Socio-Ethical Implications Of Location-Based Services, L. Perusco, Katina Michael

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

Location-based services (LBS) are those applications that utilize the position of an end-user, animal or thing based on a given device (handheld, wearable, interwoven into fabric or implanted), executed for a particular purpose. LBS applications range from those that are mission-critical to those that are used for convenience, from those that are mandatory to those that are voluntary, from those that are targeted at the mass market to those that cater for the needs of a niche market. Location services can be implemented using a variety of access mediums including global positioning systems and radio-frequency identification, rendering approximate or precise ...


Homo Electricus And The Continued Speciation Of Humans, Katina Michael Dec 2006

Homo Electricus And The Continued Speciation Of Humans, Katina Michael

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

Michael, K. (2007). Homo Electricus and the continued speciation of humans. In M. Quigley (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Information Ethics and Security (pp. 312-318). United States of America: IGI Global. http://www.igi-global.com/chapter/homo-electricus-continued-speciation-humans/13490


Analysis Of Business Process Integration In Web Service Context, J. Shen, G. Grossmann, Y. Yang, M. Stumptner, M. Schrefl, T. Reiter Dec 2006

Analysis Of Business Process Integration In Web Service Context, J. Shen, G. Grossmann, Y. Yang, M. Stumptner, M. Schrefl, T. Reiter

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

The integration of Web services is a recent outgrowth of the Business Process integration field that will require powerful meta-schema matching mechanisms supported by higher level abstractions, such as UML meta-models. Currently, there are many XML-based workflow process specification languages (e.g. XPDL, BPEL) which can be used to define business processes in the Web services and Grid Computing world. However, with limited capability to describe the relationships (schemas or ontologies) between process objects, the dominant use of XML as a meta-data markup language makes the semantics of the processes ambiguous. OWL-S (Ontology Web Language for Services) exploits the semantic ...


A P2p Based Service Flow System With Advanced Ontology-Based Service Profiles, J. Shen, Y. Yang, Jun Yan Dec 2006

A P2p Based Service Flow System With Advanced Ontology-Based Service Profiles, J. Shen, Y. Yang, Jun Yan

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

A peer-to-peer (p2p) based service flow management system, SwinDeW-S, could support decentralised Web service composition, deployment and enactment. However, traditional workflow definition languages, such as extended XPDL and service-oriented BPEL4WS, have become insufficient to specify business process semantics, especially the descriptions of inputs, outputs, preconditions and effects. In this paper, we propose a novel solution based on OWL-S, a semantic Web ontology language that leverages service discovery, invocation and negotiation more effectively. The enhanced SwinDeW-S architecture is adapted with advanced ontology-based service profiles, and it takes advantage of a well-developed profile generation tool, which translates the BPEL4WS process models to ...


Knowledge Sharing And Organizational Change In A Leading Telecommunications Equipment Vendor: A Case Study On Southern Networks, Katina Michael Dec 2006

Knowledge Sharing And Organizational Change In A Leading Telecommunications Equipment Vendor: A Case Study On Southern Networks, Katina Michael

Faculty of Informatics - Papers (Archive)

In 1999 Southern Networks deployed the Open Text Livelink knowledge management system (KMS). Livelink allowed for the centralization of key corporate applications and associated content at a global, regional, line-of-business, departmental and personal level. Prior to the implementation of Livelink on an enterprise scale, the corporation’s 94,500 employees relied on fragmented departmental web pages which were scattered across eleven different Web servers making the task of finding information very difficult. This paper describes how the process of knowledge transfer at Southern Networks changed with the deployment of Livelink and how it enabled the automation of workflows through the ...


Juvenile Soft-Shell Clam, Mya Arenaria L.Research In The Hampton-Seabrook Estuary, Brian F. Beal Dec 2006

Juvenile Soft-Shell Clam, Mya Arenaria L.Research In The Hampton-Seabrook Estuary, Brian F. Beal

PREP Reports & Publications

A series of field experiments was conducted at two intertidal sites in the Hampton Seabrook Estuary from November 2004-2006 to assess the efficacy of enhancing intertidal areas with cultured clam (Mya arenaria L.) seed (mean shell length [SL] = 7-10 mm). Measurement variables in each experiment included survival and growth of both cultured and wild seed clams. The first of three trials (November 2004 - May 2005) examined the interactive effects of size of planting area (4 m2, 8 m2, 12 m2, and 18 m2) and predator deterrent netting (none, 4.2 mm, and 6.4 mm aperture [flexible, plastic netting]) at ...


Nroc Coordination And Program Delivery, Amanda Stone, Frank Mitchell Dec 2006

Nroc Coordination And Program Delivery, Amanda Stone, Frank Mitchell

PREP Reports & Publications

The primary goal of the Natural Resources Outreach Coalition (NROC) program is to provide education and outreach to communities in the NH Coastal Watersheds that are dealing with the effects of growth, and looking for ways to conserve open spaces and natural resources. Program objectives to meet this goal include: 1. NROC and client communities determine natural resource concerns of the communities. 2. NROC and client communities gather community information about these concerns 3. NROC develops and client communities host community presentations about natural resource-based planning. 4. Communities receive follow up technical and educational assistance as requested. In 2006, NROC ...


Shellfish Tissue Monitoring In New Hampshire Estuaries 2005, Phil Trowbridge Dec 2006

Shellfish Tissue Monitoring In New Hampshire Estuaries 2005, Phil Trowbridge

PREP Reports & Publications

Conducted by a committee of Canadian and US government and university scientists, Gulfwatch examines the effects of decades of development and industrialization on the water quality of the Gulf as it relates to human health as well as its impact on other marine organisms. Gulfwatch scientists collect blue mussels at over 60 US and Canadian sites Gulf-wide, and analyze the organisms’ tissue for potentially harmful levels and concentrations of toxins including heavy metals, chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). New Hampshire increased the number of Gulfwatch sampling locations from two sites per year in 1997 to ...


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • Volunteer database increased 8% over last quarter. Database now contains 2,923 records.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 51,568 hits per month, with an average of 4,985 pages viewed per month (12.4% increase in pages viewed).
  • Team charter approved and signed by federal managers and IVP team.
  • Volunteer orientation and training in 11 subject areas delivered to 80 volunteers.
  • Recognition Banquet and Awards Ceremony recognized 180 volunteers.
  • Volunteer event list revised for 2007.


Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Interagency Science and Research Strategy

  • Completed draft review and analysis of 6 interagency and 2 single-agency science strategies.
  • Developed an outline for a Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Science Strategy based upon these reviews.
  • Initiated a beta-test of a science proposal review process.


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Vegetation Monitoring

Executive Summary

  • Two new Weed Sentry research assistants were hired.
  • Weed Sentry staff surveyed for exotic species on 89 miles of roads on NPS and BLM land and treated more than 21,000 exotic plants in incipient populations.
  • A grid-based rare plant monitoring method was tested this quarter.
  • A manuscript detailing vegetation succession on a water pipeline at Lake Mead NRA was submitted for review to the journal Crossosoma.
  • New integrative projects undertaken this quarter included establishing a competition study between a native grass and the exotic Sahara mustard, salvaging plants for research purposes from private sites with permission from ...


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

  • Research assistant hired for Relict Leopard Frog conservation project.
  • High school minority intern hired to assist with research efforts.
  • Nocturnal visual encounter surveys for Relict Leopard Frogs conducted at all established natural sites and at 6 of 7 translocation sites.
  • Vegetation management conducted to decrease tamarisk cover along the stream at the Pupfish Refuge Spring – a Relict Leopard Frog translocation site.
  • New draft guidelines and field count protocols developed for midwinter bald eagle count.
  • Preliminary analysis and modeling of thrasher habitat selection conducted and sampling assessed
  • Call-broadcast surveys for thrasher species conducted at 43 points countywide, focusing on vegetation assemblages ...


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

• Don’t Trash Nevada roll-out event held on October 12, 2006.

• Program website launched.

• 74 people have taken the on-line anti-litter and dumping pledge.

• Public-private partnership with Republic Services of Southern Nevada generated $11,917.97 in donations to Don’t Trash Nevada.

• Conducted 3 volunteer and 1 alternative workforce clean-ups this quarter.

• Fulfilled deliverable of 12 clean-ups for 2006 (9 volunteer / 3 alternative workforce).

• 16 volunteer clean-ups scheduled for 2007. • Two tons of agency-generated paper recycled this quarter, saving 14,000 gallons of water, 34 trees, and almost 8 cubic yards of landfill space.

• Phase I judicial analysis draft ...


Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Organized data from 129 features at St. Thomas into a comprehensive site record

• Reviewed more than 800 site records in ASMIS

• Completed Class 1 inventories for Capital Improvement and Lost City Projects

• Surveyed 585 acres for the NPS Andrus Burn Unit on the Shivwits Plateau

• Surveyed 330 acres for the Lost City Project

• Conducted an assessment of recent flood damage at the Willow Beach site


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

• The Cultural Site Stewardship Program now has 249 enrolled site stewards, an increase of 732% since program inception in 2004.

• Four training classes were held in 2006, adding 72 new stewards.

• Site Stewards reported 55 significant impacts during the 12-month period compared to 25 impacts during the same period last year.


Oliver Ranch Science School Complex & Wild Horse And Burro Facility: Final Close-Out Report, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Oliver Ranch Science School Complex & Wild Horse And Burro Facility: Final Close-Out Report, Margaret N. Rees

Oliver Ranch Project

“The mission of the Red Rock Desert Learning Center is to instill stewardship and respect by increasing knowledge and understanding of the Mojave Desert ecosystems and cultures through a unique experiential discovery program.”


Common Data Set 2005-06, Kirk England Dec 2006

Common Data Set 2005-06, Kirk England

Office of Survey Research

Common Data Set


Tennessee Department Of Safety Vs. $1610 In U.S. Currency, Seized From: Michael Robinson, Seizure Date: December 31, 2006, Claimant: Michael Robinson Dec 2006

Tennessee Department Of Safety Vs. $1610 In U.S. Currency, Seized From: Michael Robinson, Seizure Date: December 31, 2006, Claimant: Michael Robinson

Tennessee Department of State, Opinions from the Administrative Procedures Division

No abstract provided.


Replacing The Federal Income Tax With A Postpaid Consumption Tax: Preliminary Thoughts Regarding A Government Matching Program For Wealthy Investors And A New Tax Policy Lens, J. Clifton Fleming Jr. Dec 2006

Replacing The Federal Income Tax With A Postpaid Consumption Tax: Preliminary Thoughts Regarding A Government Matching Program For Wealthy Investors And A New Tax Policy Lens, J. Clifton Fleming Jr.

Faculty Scholarship

In recent years, proposals have been made to replace the federal income tax with a postpaid consumption tax - that is, a federal value added tax ("VAT"), a federal retail sales tax ("RST"), or a federal cash-flow (consumed income) tax. Because these taxes can be constructed so that they are indistinguishable at the level of the ultimate consumer in terms of their principal effects, and because a prominent recent proposal is the RST approach, I have written this article in terms of an RST/income tax comparison. The analysis, however, would be mostly the same if the income tax was compared ...


Incentivizing And Protecting Informants Prior To Mass Atrocities Such As Genocide: An Alternative To Post Hoc Courts And Tribunals, Eric Talbot Jensen Dec 2006

Incentivizing And Protecting Informants Prior To Mass Atrocities Such As Genocide: An Alternative To Post Hoc Courts And Tribunals, Eric Talbot Jensen

Faculty Scholarship

International institutions are almost exclusively reactive to violations of international law. There are very few systemic methods of proactively trying to prevent egregious violations such as genocide; rather, international law seems to take punishing violators as its sole approach. In modern times, most of the punishment and post-event enforcement has come through international courts and tribunals. These courts and tribunals are astoundingly expensive and notoriously inefficient. More importantly, the threat of prosecution does not appear to act as an effective deterrent in preventing criminal acts. This is unacceptable. With hundreds of thousands of lives at stake, the international community must ...


Blogging While Untenured And Other Extreme Sports, A. Christine Hurt, Tung Yin Dec 2006

Blogging While Untenured And Other Extreme Sports, A. Christine Hurt, Tung Yin

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Regulating Public Morals And Private Markets: Online Securities Trading, Internet Gambling And The Speculation Paradox, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2006

Regulating Public Morals And Private Markets: Online Securities Trading, Internet Gambling And The Speculation Paradox, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.