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Preserving Relationship Stability And Self-Evaluations Despite Individual Emotional Traits: The Sem Model And Specialization Within Romantic Relationships, Stephen Smith May 2019

Preserving Relationship Stability And Self-Evaluations Despite Individual Emotional Traits: The Sem Model And Specialization Within Romantic Relationships, Stephen Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A sample of 24 couples (N = 24) participated in the present two-part study investigating whether the Self-Evaluation Maintenance (SEM) process of specialization in romantic couples is affected by differences in individual psychological traits. In the first portion, couples worked collaboratively on one questionnaire to generate performance domains and subdomains of varying relevance, as well as rate which partner had more expertise. Couple conversations during this portion were recorded (with consent) to qualitatively assess the process of specialization in romantic couples. In the second portion, individual partners completed a questionnaire assessing the aforementioned psychological traits. Results suggested that couples evenly distribute ...


Gender And The Connection Between Distress Tolerance And Psychopathology, Megan Serody May 2019

Gender And The Connection Between Distress Tolerance And Psychopathology, Megan Serody

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study investigated the potential moderating role gender plays in the association of distress tolerance (DT) with internalizing and externalizing symptoms of psychopathology. I hypothesized that DT would have a main effect on resilience to both internalizing and externalizing problems. Further, I expected that gender would moderate this effect for externalizing, but not internalizing, symptoms, such that men would exhibit a stronger (inverse) relationship between DT and externalizing problems. I tested these hypotheses in samples of 1,211 undergraduates and 224 treatment-seeking adults. There was strong evidence for the main effect of DT on both symptom dimensions, but the data ...


Using The Prisoner’S Dilemma To Evaluate Personality Indicators Of Cooperation, Vansh Bansal May 2019

Using The Prisoner’S Dilemma To Evaluate Personality Indicators Of Cooperation, Vansh Bansal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Cooperation has been seen as a key contributor to forming close relationships. Loneliness and perceived risk in intimacy have been associated with having fewer close interpersonal bonds. The type of interaction (communal or exchange) also plays a role in how people will behave, and how open they will be in pursuing a close relationship. The authors used a manipulation of the type of relation a participant would have with a confederate in a Prisoner’s Dilemma game, and measured perceived risk in intimacy and loneliness, to evaluate the effects these factors had on cooperative behavior. The authors found that the ...


Peer-Mediated Interventions For Middle School Students With High-Functioning Autism, Katelyn Birchfield Apr 2019

Peer-Mediated Interventions For Middle School Students With High-Functioning Autism, Katelyn Birchfield

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Students with high-functioning autism in the general education setting may receive support in their academic development, though assistance in their social-emotional development and creation of relationships is little-to-nonexistent. In a population where social and communicative functioning is a primary deficit for labeling, it is critical that research develops evidence-based practices to support social growth. Peer-mediated interventions are a recognized practice in supporting students with severe disabilities and autism, particularly in their early elementary years and in high school (Bambara et al., 2016; Goldstein et al., 1991). The present study strove to find a connection between the utilization of peer-mediated interventions ...


Deconstructing Resilience: Running, Personality, And Psychopathology, Laila Drury Apr 2019

Deconstructing Resilience: Running, Personality, And Psychopathology, Laila Drury

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Personality plays a major role in resilience to anxiety and depression. This study explored how runners’ personalities differ from non-runners, and whether specific personality traits—conscientiousness, grit, and mindfulness—protect against emotional problems. In the present study, participants (N = 222) completed self-report questionnaires to measure depression, anxiety, and stress, all Big 5 personality traits, grit, mindfulness, and resilience. Participants were also asked if they run as a form of exercise; if yes, they were presented with subsequent questions discerning internal and external motivations for running. There were weak associations, including some in unexpected directions, between runner status and personality. Conscientiousness ...


The Impact Of Guided Pretend Play On Preschool Children's Theory Of Mind, Valerie P. Bambha Apr 2019

The Impact Of Guided Pretend Play On Preschool Children's Theory Of Mind, Valerie P. Bambha

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Theory of mind is a cognitive skill that allows us to recognize that others hold representations of the world that are separate from our own. This capability is measured in children through the false belief task, which most cannot successfully complete until age four. This finding has been taken to mean that children younger than four have difficulty reasoning about the perspectives of other people, a surprising claim given that at age two they begin to partake in pretend play that appears to involve adopting the persona of invented characters. The current study investigated whether pretend play could act as ...


The Methodological Puzzle Of Phenomenal Consciousness: What It Is, And Why It Is Still Unsolved, Qiuyang Shen Apr 2019

The Methodological Puzzle Of Phenomenal Consciousness: What It Is, And Why It Is Still Unsolved, Qiuyang Shen

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The question of whether cognitive access is a constitutively necessary part of phenomenal consciousness has been the center of the debate of consciousness for several decades. It has been recognized that there exists a methodological puzzle in the study of consciousness (Block, 2006; Phillips, 2018). The puzzle can be roughly described as follows: how can we empirically find out whether certain cognitively inaccessible states are phenomenally conscious or not, when the way we identify conscious mental states is always confounded with cognitive access? This thesis reviews two current approaches to solve the methodological puzzle - one approach appeals to the Inference ...


Effects Of Action Intention, Binocular Depth Cues, Motion Parallax, Haptic Feedback, And Body Posture On The Perception Of The Ebbinghaus Visual Illusion, Ruitao Lin Apr 2019

Effects Of Action Intention, Binocular Depth Cues, Motion Parallax, Haptic Feedback, And Body Posture On The Perception Of The Ebbinghaus Visual Illusion, Ruitao Lin

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Researchers have long observed different illusion magnitudes in verbal response tasks and visually-directed action tasks. The cause of such differences has been the topic of debate. The “two visual systems hypothesis” (TVSH) suggests that two separate visual pathways independently control a certain type of tasks. According to this theory, the difference in illusion magnitudes is caused by the different performance of these two pathways. An alternative theory is the “two modes of processing” (TMOP) hypothesis, which states that the two visual processing modes function within a single visual pathway but weigh the same set of visual information differently. According to ...


The Influence Of Family Functioning On Social Competence, Social Support, And Mental Health Among College Students, Sean Newhart Jan 2019

The Influence Of Family Functioning On Social Competence, Social Support, And Mental Health Among College Students, Sean Newhart

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There are a multitude of factors that influence college students’ mental health. Among such factors, there is little research on the influence of family functioning, social competence, and social support on the mental health of college students. This quantitative research study examined the relationships among the identified variables utilizing structural equation modeling. Results indicate that although there are relationships between each variable, the a priori theoretical model established by the researcher did not fit the data well. Implications for mental health practitioners and researchers are explored in light of the researcher’s findings.


Distress Tolerance Predicts Day-To-Day Emotion Regulation Behaviors, Maria Alexandra Larrazabal Carrillo Jan 2019

Distress Tolerance Predicts Day-To-Day Emotion Regulation Behaviors, Maria Alexandra Larrazabal Carrillo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Distress tolerance (DT), or the ability to effectively withstand aversive internal experiences, is related to diverse physical and mental health benefits, including resilience to depression, anxiety, and substance misuse. DT might prevent health problems by promoting more adaptive and less maladaptive emotion regulation decisions in the face of stressful events. The present study—a pilot investigation that is the basis for a forthcoming study—tested this hypothesis by examining between- and within-person associations of DT with a repertoire of 12 common emotion regulation strategies. We recruited 25 high-anxiety university students to complete surveys of DT and emotion regulation efforts in ...


The Effect Of Internalizing Symptoms On Affect Recognition And Theory Of Mind Performance In A Community Sample Of Adolescents, Sarah Bottari Dec 2018

The Effect Of Internalizing Symptoms On Affect Recognition And Theory Of Mind Performance In A Community Sample Of Adolescents, Sarah Bottari

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Difficulties with social interaction are a hallmark feature of many clinical disorders, and one factor that may contribute to these difficulties is a deficit in social perception skills, such as affect recognition and theory of mind (ToM). The present study examines the effect of depressive and anxiety symptoms on social perception in a community sample of adolescents. Based on past research, we hypothesized that greater levels of internalizing symptoms would predict poorer performance on an affect recognition and ToM task. Twenty-nine adolescent participants completed dimensional measures of depressive symptoms, worry, and anxiety sensitivity, as well as a standardized neuropsychological assessment ...


Police Officers And Personality Characteristics, Isabel Marcovici Dec 2018

Police Officers And Personality Characteristics, Isabel Marcovici

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, the public and media have raised their expectations for how police officers should conduct themselves but they sometimes only highlight the exceptional situations where officers made an egregious error on national news. Studying personality traits of officers may be one way to gain a more holistic perspective of the average police officer. Empathy and neuroticism were looked at in relation to job performance in 66 campus police officers. The findings did not support the hypothesis of a negative relation between neuroticism and job performance and a positive relation between job performance and empathy. However, there was a ...


The Magnificent Seven: A Narrative Analysis Of Suppressed Discourses In Psychiatric Diagnoses, Clayton Vance Martin Aug 2018

The Magnificent Seven: A Narrative Analysis Of Suppressed Discourses In Psychiatric Diagnoses, Clayton Vance Martin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study is a Narrative Analysis of the hidden strengths and positive qualities inherent to identified psychiatric diagnosis. Seven individuals were interviewed on two occasions and also corresponded with me via email and telephone. Analysis of individual narratives yielded common thematic elements and common plot points, these factors were further analyzed and contemplated in the light of their implications for the Counseling profession. an informed critique of the research design is presented, followed by implications and suggestions for future research.


The Effects Of Mating Strategy On Religiosity: Church Attendance As A Mating Strategy Component And The Role Of Religious Belief., Jacob Thomas Henicheck Jul 2018

The Effects Of Mating Strategy On Religiosity: Church Attendance As A Mating Strategy Component And The Role Of Religious Belief., Jacob Thomas Henicheck

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Contrary to traditional theories that religious morals influence sexual attitudes, recent research has found that controlling for sexual attitudes largely reduces associations between various moral views and religiosity. Based on these findings, the reproductive religiosity model was proposed in which being sexually restricted leads individuals to increase their religious involvement. However, the model a) does not account for religious belief and b) claims that sexual behavior mediates the effect of various variables on church attendance without employing a mediation model. to address these points, this study tests reproductive variables in a multiple regression to examine their ability to independently predict ...


Psychophysiology Of The Stress Response And The Hierarchical Structure Of Emotional Disorders, Molly Penrod Jun 2018

Psychophysiology Of The Stress Response And The Hierarchical Structure Of Emotional Disorders, Molly Penrod

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Physiological stress reactivity is closely linked to emotional disorders like depression and anxiety and is believed to play a causal role in their development. Similar patterns of exaggerated reactivity across a wide range of emotional disorders indicate that physiological hyperreactivity to stress may be a multifinal, or shared, risk factor for these disorders. However, current literature examines stress reactivity in only one or two disorders at a time and is based off categorical classification systems that assume mental disorders to be discrete entities. Recent research into the observed distribution of symptoms of mental illness contests this assumption and proposes that ...


Supporting Meaningful Career Paths: Effects Of Mentoring And Adulthood Perception On Vocational Outcomes For Emerging Adults, Mary Grutta May 2018

Supporting Meaningful Career Paths: Effects Of Mentoring And Adulthood Perception On Vocational Outcomes For Emerging Adults, Mary Grutta

Undergraduate Honors Theses

During the transition to adulthood, adolescents are faced with numerous developmental challenges, including increased rates of risk-taking, academic pressure, and greater struggles with low self-esteem. Naturally-occurring mentoring relationships can aid in providing guidance and advice as well as emotional and tangible support during this time (Ahrens et al., 2008). The present study examined how natural mentors during adolescence shape vocational outcomes during early adulthood, and whether this impact of mentoring can be explained by changes in perceived adulthood during the transition to adulthood. Analyses used data from a large, nationally representative sample, the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add ...


From Bias To Behavior: Predicting Prejudice Towards Autistic Individuals, Caitlin Taylor May 2018

From Bias To Behavior: Predicting Prejudice Towards Autistic Individuals, Caitlin Taylor

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The present study sought to examine university students’ judgments about and behavior towards an individual they perceived to be on the autism spectrum versus an individual who they perceived not to be. Furthermore, the study measured implicit and explicit biases towards autistic individuals and the implications those biases had for behaviors directed towards individuals they perceived were autistic. Participants (n = 112) completed the study in two separate research sessions, spaced several weeks apart. In Part 1 of the study, participants completed measures of implicit and explicit bias. In Part 2, participants were asked to discuss a neutral prompt with a ...


Effect Of Implicit And Explicit Prejudice On Perceptions Of Drug Users Of Different Races, Yajna Jowaheer May 2018

Effect Of Implicit And Explicit Prejudice On Perceptions Of Drug Users Of Different Races, Yajna Jowaheer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Even to this day, members of the Black population involved in drug use are being subjected to high rates of imprisonment and are receiving a lower quality of health care in comparison to White drug users. This study proposes that the disparities in how society treats Black drug users are in part due to the way people’s perception of drug users differs based on the race of the target. In addition, this study sought to examine how these perceptions are predicted by implicit and explicit racial prejudice. To test these research questions, college students (n = 99) were randomly assigned ...


A Flash Of Creative Genius: The Effect Of Implicit Motives On Inspiration, Xiaoqing Wan Apr 2018

A Flash Of Creative Genius: The Effect Of Implicit Motives On Inspiration, Xiaoqing Wan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

There appears to be two types of creative processes reported by writers – one that is effortless and one that is effortful. Evidence suggests that an unconscious mechanism may underlie the passivity of inspired writing. We tested the hypothesis that activation of implicit motives is linked to inspired writing. A sample of college students (n = 206) attended lab sessions in which they wrote a “blog entry” on the meaning of life, and reported the extent to which they felt inspired or exerted effort. Participants’ implicit motives were measured using the Picture Story Exercise. Multiple regression analysis shows that inspiration predicts writing ...


Are Approach-Avoidance Emotions Represented In The Brain As Approach-Avoidance Actions?, Channing Everidge Apr 2018

Are Approach-Avoidance Emotions Represented In The Brain As Approach-Avoidance Actions?, Channing Everidge

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Spreading activation theory describes semantic memory as a network of connected nodes, in which activation of a concept triggers the subsequent activation of semantically related concepts, and has often been tested using a semantic priming methodology. Spreading activation is assumed when a target word is preceded by a semantically congruent prime word (congruent priming) that results in a quicker response time to the target word. This finding has been utilized by embodied cognition theorists, who posit that all semantic memory is deeply engrained within the perceptual-motor system by which it was encoded. But are abstract words also represented in this ...


Mental Health And Resource Utilization Among Underrepresented Students Transitioning To College, Yoojin Kook Apr 2018

Mental Health And Resource Utilization Among Underrepresented Students Transitioning To College, Yoojin Kook

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Underrepresented college students – including first-generation college students, students from lower-income backgrounds, and minority students – have lower rates of college completion (Fitzgerald & Delaney, 2002; Engle & Tinto, 2008; Choy, 2001). One set of factors that could play an important role in lower rates of college persistence for these students might involve higher rates of emotional distress, coupled with greater barriers to utilizing mental healthcare resources on campus (Andrews & Wilding, 2004; Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009). The current study followed 59 underrepresented students (UR; 53 racial/ethnic minority; 12 immigrants; 20 first-generation; 23 low-income) and 62 non-underrepresented students (NR) during their first semester at a medium-sized, public southeastern university to compare rates of mental health problems, as well as stigma ...


Dissociating Alzheimer’S Disease From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Time-Frequency Based Eeg Neurometrics, Wendel Matthew Friedl Jan 2018

Dissociating Alzheimer’S Disease From Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment Using Time-Frequency Based Eeg Neurometrics, Wendel Matthew Friedl

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This work explores the utility of using magnitude (ERSP), phase angle (ITPC), and cross-frequency coupling (PAC) indices derived from electroencephalogram (EEG) recording using spectral decomposition as unique biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), respectively. The experimental protocol was a visual oddball discrimination task conducted during a brief (approximately 20 minute) recording session. Participants were 60 older adults from an outpatient memory clinic diagnosed with either aMCI (n=29; M=73.0; SD=9.32) or AD (n=31; M=78.29; SD=8.28) according to NIA-AA criteria. Results indicate that ITPC values differ ...


The Serving Supervisor: Supervisor Servant Leadership As A Protective Factor For Counseling Residents’ Burnout And Secondary Traumatic Stress, Colleen Grunhaus Jan 2018

The Serving Supervisor: Supervisor Servant Leadership As A Protective Factor For Counseling Residents’ Burnout And Secondary Traumatic Stress, Colleen Grunhaus

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

According to Stamm (2010), variables in counselors’ work environment, personal environment, and client environment precipitate the development of compassion fatigue. Compassion fatigue, which comprises secondary traumatic stress and burnout, is an occupational hazard for counselors, and new counselors are especially vulnerable. A supervisory style that exhibits servant leadership traits may provide necessary support and counteract compassion fatigue symptoms for counseling residents. Servant leadership shares many philosophical assumptions of the counseling profession and addresses the administrative challenges many clinical supervisors face today (Evans, Wright, Murphy, & Maki, 2016). A sample of 241 counseling residents participated in the study and completed several instruments ...


Effects Of An Essentialism Manipulation On The Neural Processing Of Racial Minorities, Joellen Blass Jul 2017

Effects Of An Essentialism Manipulation On The Neural Processing Of Racial Minorities, Joellen Blass

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Racial minorities are increasingly growing in the United States and the racial category “multiracial” is one of the fastest growing racial minorities. Racial essentialism is the belief that race has an underlying property and is innate and biological. Many people with essentialist beliefs do not normally categorize individuals with a multiracial background as multiracial. The current study assessed how an essentialism manipulation affects the neural processing of minority race targets by White participants. Participants completed a categorization task and passive task looking at ambiguous and monoracial faces while connect to EEG. For the passive task, results revealed gradient by race ...


Computational Structure Of Evolved Forgiveness Systems., Thomas G. Mccauley Jun 2017

Computational Structure Of Evolved Forgiveness Systems., Thomas G. Mccauley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Researchers have recently suggested that humans possess dedicated cognitive systems for forgiveness, which evolved to repair valuable cooperative relationships with transgressors and stave off harmful revenge behaviors. These putative systems are computational in nature, utilizing information pertaining to the relationship value, exploitation risk, and genetic relatedness of a transgressor in determining whether or not to employ forgiveness. While a few studies have provided empirical support for this conjecture, surprisingly little empirical research has been conducted to determine if forgiveness systems actually have such a computational structure. The aim of this thesis was to fill this gap in the literature by ...


The Effects Of Uncertainty On Cooperation: Using Bayesian Cognition And Entropy To Model Cooperative Heuristics, Amrita Lamba Jun 2017

The Effects Of Uncertainty On Cooperation: Using Bayesian Cognition And Entropy To Model Cooperative Heuristics, Amrita Lamba

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Cooperative heuristics have traditionally been researched through the lens of standard dual-process models of cognition and from the perspective of evolutionary psychology. Despite the popularity of these approaches, research on intuitive versus extensional processing falls short in its endeavor to methodologically quantify heuristic processing and to empirically validate existing theories of social evaluation. Furthermore, several conceptualizations of the term heuristic have been proposed in the social psychology literature, leading to a lack of consensus on how cooperative heuristics function. to address these issues, the current study proposes a novel method for quantifying heuristic cognition. We propose a Bayesian cognition model ...


Literary Theory Within A Cross-Classified Multilevel Framework: Personality Similarity Between Writers And Readers Predicts Reader Inspiration, William Charles Mcneal Belzak Jun 2017

Literary Theory Within A Cross-Classified Multilevel Framework: Personality Similarity Between Writers And Readers Predicts Reader Inspiration, William Charles Mcneal Belzak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Literary theorists have pointed to a relationship between writer-reader personality similarity and better outcomes in the reader. Furthermore, there is empirical evidence indicating that personality similarity between two individuals leads to positive outcomes. We tested the hypothesis that personality similarity between writers and readers predicts greater inspiration in the reader. Our results supported this hypothesis. Profile similarity (i.e., similarity of Big Five trait profile) between writers and readers predicted greater reader inspiration. Single-trait similarity (i.e., similarity of single Big Five traits) between writers and readers predicted greater reader inspiration. These findings are noteworthy because we show that the ...


Effects Of Medial Prefrontal Cortical Administration Of The Orexin-2 Receptor Antagonist, Tcs-Ox2-29, On Attentional Performance In Rats, Austin R. Tapp May 2017

Effects Of Medial Prefrontal Cortical Administration Of The Orexin-2 Receptor Antagonist, Tcs-Ox2-29, On Attentional Performance In Rats, Austin R. Tapp

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Orexins are excitatory neuropeptides that come in two isoforms, Orexin A and Orexin B, and serve as ligands for the G-protein coupled orexin 1 and orexin 2 receptors (Ox1R and Ox2R, respectively). Changes in orexinergic transmission are thought to contribute to attentional processing. While several studies have examined the role of Ox1Rs in attention, less research has assessed the contribution of Ox2Rs. Moreover, several lines of evidence suggest that the right medial prefrontal cortex is particularly critical for visual attentional performance. Taking all of this into consideration, the goal of the present experiment was to test the effects Ox2R blockade ...


Vicarious Fear Learning: The Role Of Empathy, Alexander L. Williams May 2017

Vicarious Fear Learning: The Role Of Empathy, Alexander L. Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Fear learning can take place indirectly, by observing others, as well as directly through personal experience. This study aimed to determine whether we could detect indirect – sometimes called vicarious – fear learning in the laboratory, and to examine the influence of trait empathy on the robustness of this learning experience. Deficient empathy features prominently in certain externalizing psychopathologies, and fear learning is theoretically implicated in many psychological disorders, but little research has examined the possible connection between the two. In the present study, we first showed participants (N = 80; Mage = 19.1 years, SD = 2.1; 62.5% white) a ...


Building The Future From The Past: Evaluating The Relationship Between Nostalgia And Imagination, Conor O. Smith May 2017

Building The Future From The Past: Evaluating The Relationship Between Nostalgia And Imagination, Conor O. Smith

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Within the past three decades, nostalgia has gained notable attention as an emotion worthy of study. Historically considered a type of illness akin to homesickness, recent research has demonstrated a variety of social and emotional benefits stemming from nostalgic experience, ranging from increased empathy, to healthier coping styles, to enhanced self-esteem. Most relevant to this study, however, nostalgia has demonstrated potential as a facilitator of inspiration (Stephan et al, 2015). Building on this research, I sought to understand how nostalgia might affect performance following inspiration, hypothesizing that experiences of nostalgia would improve performance in goal-oriented imaginativeness, specifically in imaginative suggestibility ...