Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

PDF

Psychology

Theses/Dissertations

William & Mary

2014

Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Racial Expectancy Violations In Mixed-Race Minimal Groups, Matthew Schafer May 2014

Racial Expectancy Violations In Mixed-Race Minimal Groups, Matthew Schafer

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research has found differential neural processing to racial ingroup and outgroup faces and greater neural processing for individuals who violate social expectations in the early attentional components of the ERP. Other lines of research using behavioral paradigms and fMRI methodology have demonstrated the ability of minimal group assignment to override race effects. This research sought to combine these lines of research to investigate the effects of an arbitrary group membership on attention in a racial expectancy violation paradigm, as measured by P2 amplitude. Hypotheses were generally unsupported but two effects were found that merit discussion. That is, we replicated ...


Unravelling The Consumer Brain: The Role Of Emotion In Purchase Behavior, Enrique Bello Apr 2014

Unravelling The Consumer Brain: The Role Of Emotion In Purchase Behavior, Enrique Bello

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The present research used electroencephalography (EEG) measures to examine the neural mechanisms of purchase behavior. Specifically, this study examined how affective priming influences a purchase decision when brand and price are varied. Participants were presented with Yes/No purchase decision trials for 14 different grocery products- seven national brand and seven private label products- while EEG activity was recorded. Price was increased or decreased relative to a base reference price. Prior to product onset, an emotional prime was flashed. The prime was a positive, negative, or neutral image from the International Affective Picture System (IAPS). Main behavioral results showed that ...


Investigating Facial Mimicry Responses To Emotional Stimuli In Spanish-English Bilinguals, Benjamin D. Thomas Apr 2014

Investigating Facial Mimicry Responses To Emotional Stimuli In Spanish-English Bilinguals, Benjamin D. Thomas

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

This research analyzed facial mimicry responses in two groups of Spanish-English bilinguals: bilinguals for whom Spanish was the first language learned (L1) and bilinguals for whom English was the L1. Prior research suggested that Spanish-English bilinguals experience emotion differently, but no research to date had examined if exposed to language primes, Spanish-English bilingual participants would mimic facial expressions differently depending on when each language was learned. The results showed that Spanish L1 bilinguals were overall more emotionally expressive, and Spanish L1 bilinguals were more likely to mimic facial expressions when stimuli were primed with English. Additional findings from the ...


The Effects Of Nicotine On A Probability-Discounting Task, Cassidy Reich Apr 2014

The Effects Of Nicotine On A Probability-Discounting Task, Cassidy Reich

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Impulsivity has been implicated in many different neuropsychiatric disorders, such as substance use disorders, Alzheimer’s Disease, and schizophrenia. In previous research, the effects of nicotine on attention and delay discounting have been well established. However, delay discounting represents just one aspect of impulsivity, and the other aspects have not been as well studied. The probability-discounting task is frequently used to measure the risky behavior aspect of impulsivity in animal models. We have found that exposure to nicotine, abstinence, and re-exposure to nicotine results in riskier behavior in rats. To test if this behavior is mediated by the α4β2 nicotinic ...


The Construction Of Activist Identities In The Democratic Party: A Study On Collective Identity And Political Activism, Derek J. Moretz Apr 2014

The Construction Of Activist Identities In The Democratic Party: A Study On Collective Identity And Political Activism, Derek J. Moretz

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study uses ethnographic methods to explore the relationship between collective identity, personal identity and activism in local Democratic clubs and county groups in Eastern Virginia. Drawing from interviews with activist group leaders and group members, participant observation at party events, and document analysis of party documents, I introduce the concepts of maximal reality and submaximal reality to help understand how individual and group practices reinforce collective identities that promote group activism. I argue that the emphasis of maximal realities through practices of silence and group activist rituals creates a dialectic of political participation that ensures Democratic identity is reinforced ...


The Skinny On Regulating Media Images To Prevent Eating Disorders, Anna K. Hochgraf Apr 2014

The Skinny On Regulating Media Images To Prevent Eating Disorders, Anna K. Hochgraf

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The current study examines the effectiveness of a large-scale policy mandating disclaimers on media images that promote the thin ideal of beauty in reducing body image concerns and disordered eating behaviors among college-aged women. Participants were 97 female college students from a diverse range of ethnic backgrounds (67% white/Caucasian). Participants were randomly assigned to either the disclaimer or the control condition. In the disclaimer condition, participants viewed a set of magazine images of the thin ideal with disclaimers with the statement: “Caution: This image has been digitally altered to change the subject’s appearance. This is not an accurate ...


The Effect Of Gender, Type Of Statement, And Individual Differences On Perceptions Of Individuals Who Make And Confront Sexist Remarks, Danielle M. Weber Apr 2014

The Effect Of Gender, Type Of Statement, And Individual Differences On Perceptions Of Individuals Who Make And Confront Sexist Remarks, Danielle M. Weber

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research has suggested that females tend not to confront sexist remarks, often because they fear being negatively evaluated when they do. Less research has explored the variables that moderate perceptions of women who confront sexist remarks, and the field has largely ignored perceptions of female perpetrators of sexist remarks. The current research was designed to examine perceptions of a confronter (Studies 1 and 2) and perpetrator (Studies 3 and 4) of a sexist remark. These studies examined whether factors such as participant gender, perpetrator gender, type of sexist comment, confrontation style, and individual gender role beliefs predicted perceptions of ...


Emotional Priming And Spontaneous Facial Mimicry Of Asian And Caucasian Faces: An Investigation Using The Facial Action Coding System (Facs), Katie Mitchell Apr 2014

Emotional Priming And Spontaneous Facial Mimicry Of Asian And Caucasian Faces: An Investigation Using The Facial Action Coding System (Facs), Katie Mitchell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Spontaneous facial mimicry refers to the phenomenon of imitating emotional facial expressions that are seen in other people, without being explicitly told to do so. Deficits in the automatic component of spontaneous facial mimicry are often found in individuals with autism spectrum disorders, leading some researchers to believe that facial mimicry plays a causal role in empathy. The facial feedback hypothesis suggests that imitating the muscle configuration of another individual’s face activates neural circuits for underlying emotions associated with that expression. Previous studies have found an important role for attention, as well as a facilitating effect of affinity for ...


Effects Of Orexin A On Attention In Rats, Kristin Nicole Zajo Jan 2014

Effects Of Orexin A On Attention In Rats, Kristin Nicole Zajo

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Multi-Method Investigation Of Approach And Avoidance Temperaments: Self-Report, Physiological, And Daily Diary Measures, John Thomas Dombrowski Jan 2014

A Multi-Method Investigation Of Approach And Avoidance Temperaments: Self-Report, Physiological, And Daily Diary Measures, John Thomas Dombrowski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Development Of The Involuntary Autobiographical Memory Questionnaire (Iamq), Song Hee Kang Jan 2014

Development Of The Involuntary Autobiographical Memory Questionnaire (Iamq), Song Hee Kang

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Maternal And Paternal Socialization Of Children's Sadness: Links To Emotion Regulation, Psychopathology, And Social Functioning, Jennifer Ann Poon Jan 2014

Maternal And Paternal Socialization Of Children's Sadness: Links To Emotion Regulation, Psychopathology, And Social Functioning, Jennifer Ann Poon

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Direct Vs Indirect Aggression Tactics As A Function Of Domin-Specific Self-Esteem, Joy Plumeri Wyckoff Jan 2014

Direct Vs Indirect Aggression Tactics As A Function Of Domin-Specific Self-Esteem, Joy Plumeri Wyckoff

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Pain Perception And Perspective Taking In Spinal Cord Injury Patients, Caitlin J. Duckett Jan 2014

Pain Perception And Perspective Taking In Spinal Cord Injury Patients, Caitlin J. Duckett

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relation Between Selective Cross-Modal Attention And Emotional Multisensory Integration, Jamie Christine Klein Jan 2014

The Relation Between Selective Cross-Modal Attention And Emotional Multisensory Integration, Jamie Christine Klein

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Within-Person Relationships Among Prayer, Well-Being, And Daily Events, David Benjamin Newman Jan 2014

Within-Person Relationships Among Prayer, Well-Being, And Daily Events, David Benjamin Newman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Emotional Competence And Co-Rumination Within Early Adolescent Friendships: Implications For Emotion Socialization, Sarah K. Borowski Jan 2014

Emotional Competence And Co-Rumination Within Early Adolescent Friendships: Implications For Emotion Socialization, Sarah K. Borowski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Empowered To Confront: Power And Confronting Sexism, Nicholas Peter Alt Jan 2014

Empowered To Confront: Power And Confronting Sexism, Nicholas Peter Alt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Meaningful Nonsense: Invented Words Reveal Characteristics Of Emotional Stimuli, Emil G. Moldovan Jan 2014

Meaningful Nonsense: Invented Words Reveal Characteristics Of Emotional Stimuli, Emil G. Moldovan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Choosing Mental Health: An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Help Seeking And Self-Authorship, Kendra A. Surmitis Jan 2014

Choosing Mental Health: An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Help Seeking And Self-Authorship, Kendra A. Surmitis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Effects Of Workplace Aggression And Normative Unethical Behaviors On Counselors' Perceptions Of Ethicality Using An Integrative Understanding Of Morality, Eleni Maria Honderich Jan 2014

Assessing The Effects Of Workplace Aggression And Normative Unethical Behaviors On Counselors' Perceptions Of Ethicality Using An Integrative Understanding Of Morality, Eleni Maria Honderich

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Acting ethically is a core facet of the counseling profession's identity, safeguarding clients from undue harm (ACA, 2005). Through an increased understanding of both detrimental and positive factors that can influence counselors' perceptions of ethical behaviors, the counseling profession can intervene accordingly; this knowledge may assist in managing the problem related to unethical infractions. However, ethical behavior is a multifaceted and complex phenomenon, leaving many factors to be explored and examined. Workplace aggression, exposure to normative unethical behaviors, and an integrated modal of morality constitute some of these factors that warrant further investigation. A dearth of research currently exists ...