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Psychology

Theses/Dissertations

William & Mary

1993

Articles 1 - 17 of 17

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Changes Implemented Pursuant To The Insanity Defense Reform Act: Effect On Trial By Jury Outcome, Kathleen Dring Jan 1993

Changes Implemented Pursuant To The Insanity Defense Reform Act: Effect On Trial By Jury Outcome, Kathleen Dring

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationships Between Retrospective Perceptions Of An Alcoholic Home Environment With Levels Of Differentiation Of Self And Trait Anxiety In Adult Children Of Alcoholics, Barbara Lynn Rojas-Hughes Jan 1993

The Relationships Between Retrospective Perceptions Of An Alcoholic Home Environment With Levels Of Differentiation Of Self And Trait Anxiety In Adult Children Of Alcoholics, Barbara Lynn Rojas-Hughes

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between adult children of alcoholics (ACOA's) recollections of their family of origin home environments, with present day levels of ACOA differentiation of self, and trait anxiety. The author explored the influence of ACOA gender differences and a variety of demographic information.;The ACOA volunteers for this study were recruited from The College of William and Mary in Virginia. to be included in the study, subjects must have met the following criteria: (a) the volunteer's age must have been 18 years or above; (b) subjects met the ACOA criteria ...


Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani Jan 1993

Responsibility As A Factor In Adjustment For Siblings Of Children With Retardation, Victoria Boccelli Damiani

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Forty mothers of children with retardation and forty-one mothers of children without disabilities rated their nondisabled children on levels of in-home responsibility and psychological adjustment. Siblings of children with retardation were found to show significantly more difficulty in psychological adjustment but not more in-home responsibility. Mean scores on ratings of psychological adjustment were in the normal range for both groups. There was no relationship between the degree of responsibility the sibling had in the home and the degree of psychological difficulty. Girls in both groups had significantly more responsibility than boys. Mothers of children with disabilities did not report closer ...


Selected Family Therapy Outcomes With Bowen, Haley, And Satir, Joan Elizabeth Winter Jan 1993

Selected Family Therapy Outcomes With Bowen, Haley, And Satir, Joan Elizabeth Winter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate three models of family therapy: Bowen Theory, Haley's Strategic Family Therapy, and the Satir Process Model. The question that was explored concerned what family therapy approaches achieve what types of engagement, dropout, completion, satisfaction with treatment, locus of control, and family functioning outcomes with what kinds of delinquent families. Further, what effect do traditional court services have on a similar sample of delinquent youths and their families.;A non-equivalent, quasi-experimental design with pre and posttest treated (n = 188) and comparison (n = 61) groups was employed. Independent variables included the treatment interventions ...


Behavioral Differences In Depressed And Conduct-Disordered Youth, Kathryn Haynes Rhody Jan 1993

Behavioral Differences In Depressed And Conduct-Disordered Youth, Kathryn Haynes Rhody

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated the behavioral parameters of depression in children and adolescents. Demographic information, DSM-III psychiatric diagnosis, scores on the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and admitting problem (POR) behaviors were obtained from an archival data pool collected at four different child psychiatric hospitals on 630 inpatient subjects 5 to 20 years of age.;Subjects were assigned to one of four research groups defined by psychiatric diagnosis (DSM-III) and/or by scores on the CDI, i.e., CDI only groups (high vs. low scorers), DSM-III only groups (depressed vs. conduct-disordered), DSM-III + CDI groups (depressed high scorers vs. conduct-disordered low scorers ...


Burden In Spousal Caregivers: A Correlational Study Of The Effect And Interaction Of Stressors, Vulnerability, Psychological Resources And Social Supports On The Development Of Burden In Spousal Caregivers Of The Chronically Ill, Sheila Marie Crossen-Powell Jan 1993

Burden In Spousal Caregivers: A Correlational Study Of The Effect And Interaction Of Stressors, Vulnerability, Psychological Resources And Social Supports On The Development Of Burden In Spousal Caregivers Of The Chronically Ill, Sheila Marie Crossen-Powell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated burden in a convenience, nonrandom sample of 120 spousal caregivers of cardiac patients, who resided at home in the Richmond, VA area, had health insurance, and received medical care from private providers. Using Vitaliano's theory that burden is a function of stressors and personal vulnerability moderated by psychological resources and social supports, the study examined the relationships between those five constructs.;Burden was measured by the Brief Symptom Inventory and Montgomery's Scales of Objective and Subjective Burden. The Hassles and Uplifts Scales was used to measure stressors; demographic data and the Self control, Responsibility, Socialization ...


Relationships Among Therapists' Family Background, Personality Traits, And Therapeutic Approach, Jeffrey Neil Van Pelt Jan 1993

Relationships Among Therapists' Family Background, Personality Traits, And Therapeutic Approach, Jeffrey Neil Van Pelt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated whether therapists' health of family of origin, marital adjustment, and personality traits influence their approach to therapy in systematic and measurable ways. Approach to therapy referred to: (1) relative emphasis on clients' family of origin versus current presenting problems, and (2) preference for doing individual versus conjoint marital therapy.;This study employed a survey design. Questionnaires were mailed to a national random sample of 200 counselors from the membership of the National Board for Certified Counselors (NBCC). One hundred-six were returned, for a return rate of 53%. The following instruments were used to measure the variables in ...


Attachment Security And Partner Presence As Moderators To Automatic Responses To Stress In Women, Brooke C. Feeney Jan 1993

Attachment Security And Partner Presence As Moderators To Automatic Responses To Stress In Women, Brooke C. Feeney

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Word Frequency On The Recall Of Information Associated With A Face, Anthony F. Vittoria Jan 1993

The Effects Of Word Frequency On The Recall Of Information Associated With A Face, Anthony F. Vittoria

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Professional Training And Attributions Of Blame For Sex Offenses And Other Crimes, Florence Kristen Super Jan 1993

Professional Training And Attributions Of Blame For Sex Offenses And Other Crimes, Florence Kristen Super

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Transitivity Of Probability And Strength: A Test Of Three Discounting Models, Ann Marie Carosella Jan 1993

Transitivity Of Probability And Strength: A Test Of Three Discounting Models, Ann Marie Carosella

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Structural Incongruity And Humor Appreciation, Rosemary Evans Staley Jan 1993

Structural Incongruity And Humor Appreciation, Rosemary Evans Staley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Voluntary Consent To Police Searches: A Result Of The Foot-In-The-Door Technique, Julie E. Howe Jan 1993

Voluntary Consent To Police Searches: A Result Of The Foot-In-The-Door Technique, Julie E. Howe

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Early Marital Adjustment: The Role Of Narcissism, Cognitive, And Family Systems Variables, Larry Stephen Armstrong Jan 1993

An Analysis Of Early Marital Adjustment: The Role Of Narcissism, Cognitive, And Family Systems Variables, Larry Stephen Armstrong

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relevance of both intrapsychic and family systems variables for the early marital adjustment of 71 couples in their twenties at the time of marriage, who were married in two central Virginia localities. The intrapsychic variables included subjects' marital locus of control and both subjects' and subjects' spouses' levels of narcissism. The family systems variables included six factors which have been found to be correlated with early marital adjustment. Three of these six factors were: (1) whether the couple married within a year of a significant loss; (2) whether either spouse reported ...


Divorce Adjustment: Anxiety, Self-Esteem, And Locus-Of-Control, Grace John Hadeed Jan 1993

Divorce Adjustment: Anxiety, Self-Esteem, And Locus-Of-Control, Grace John Hadeed

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine personality factors related to adult divorce adjustment with a particular focus on anxiety, self esteem and locus of control.;Bowen Theory, with particular emphasis on the concept of differentiation of self, provided the theoretical rationale for this study. While Bowen related his concepts to marital and family functioning, the theory did not address the process of divorce. The present study attempted to fill a gap in the divorce literature by expanding Bowen Theory, with a primary investigative focus on adult post divorce adjustment and level of differentiation.;All 62 research subjects completed ...


A Study Of Subjective Symptoms Associated With Seizure Disorders In Adolescents, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen Jan 1993

A Study Of Subjective Symptoms Associated With Seizure Disorders In Adolescents, Elaine Fletcher-Janzen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to develop a self-report questionnaire that would address subjective symptoms associated with seizures in adolescents. The study was a preliminary investigation as to the reliability and validity of the Seizure Disorder Questionnaire.;Two groups of subjects were studied. The seizure group consisted of 31 adolescents diagnosed with epilepsy and contacted through the Epilepsy Clinic at the Medical college of Virginia, the Comprehensive Epilepsy Clinic at the University of Virginia, Cumberland Hospital for Children and Adolescents in New Kent, Virginia, and the Williamsburg-James City County public schools. The control group consisted of 125 adolescents who ...


The Relationship Between Selected Personality Factors And The Resolution Of Certain Eriksonian Stages In A Group Of Female Elders, Katherine Beale Coates Jan 1993

The Relationship Between Selected Personality Factors And The Resolution Of Certain Eriksonian Stages In A Group Of Female Elders, Katherine Beale Coates

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study focused on female elders living in age-segregated communities. It investigated the direction and strength of the relationship of Openness to Experience and Neuroticism to the resolution of Erik Erikson's Trust and Integrity stages, and to a Total Resolution score. The 62 volunteer subjects, age 67 to 99, lived in eleven retirement and/or assisted care facilities in Richmond, Virginia.;Personality domains were measured by the NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI). The Measures of Psychosocial Development (MPD), an instrument based on Erikson's theories, was used to assess resolution.;It was hypothesized that Openness to Experience would show a ...