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Assessing Situation Awareness In Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operations, Haydee M. Cuevas, Marisa Aguiar 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Assessing Situation Awareness In Unmanned Aircraft Systems Operations, Haydee M. Cuevas, Marisa Aguiar

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

The objective of this study was to investigate the potential utility of the Situation Awareness Linked Indicators Adapted to Novel Tasks (SALIANT) methodology as an assessment tool in unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) operations. Eighteen participants completed a UAS scenario (port security) as part of nine two-person crews (pilot and sensor operator). Subject matter experts mapped the naturally occurring team behaviors in the UAS scenario to create a SALIANT checklist, which was then used to rate participants’ SA. Results showed the SALIANT methodology was able to discriminate differences in SA behaviors among the UAS crews. Results also revealed significant correlations between ...


Effects Of Graphical Weather Information Versus Textual Weather Information On Situation Awareness In Meteorology, Stefan Melendez M.S.A., Andrew Dattel Ph.D., Christopher Herbster Ph.D., Debbie Schaum M.A., Andrey Babin 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Effects Of Graphical Weather Information Versus Textual Weather Information On Situation Awareness In Meteorology, Stefan Melendez M.S.A., Andrew Dattel Ph.D., Christopher Herbster Ph.D., Debbie Schaum M.A., Andrey Babin

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Prior to a flight, pilots gather meteorological information in order to assess the weather conditions pertaining to their flight and to make decisions based on it. This information can come in various formats, such as text and graphical weather information. Research has shown that people have varying learning preferences and that most people prefer visual learning to verbal learning (i.e., graphical over text). It is hypothesized that this difference in learning preference can affect the way pilots interpret and apply the information they obtain prior to their flight. The researcher hypothesizes that graphical weather information has a greater, more ...


An Alternative Method Of Identification Of A Failed Engine In Twin-Engine Turboprop Aircraft, Andrey Babin, Andrew R. Dattel Ph.D. 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

An Alternative Method Of Identification Of A Failed Engine In Twin-Engine Turboprop Aircraft, Andrey Babin, Andrew R. Dattel Ph.D.

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Previous incidents and accidents involving twin-engine aircraft, including the recent TransAsia Flight 235 crash, have revealed that pilots are prone to mistakes in identifying the engine that fails, and subsequently, shutting down the wrong engine, i.e. perfectly working engine. Most accidents of this type happen on takeoff when pilot workload is at its highest level. It may be that the current training procedure for engine failures on takeoff, called identify-verify-feather (IVF), is counterintuitive and may lead to greater confusion. IVF is based on haptic sensory channel, which is known to be less effective than visual channel. This study proposes ...


Pilot Supply At The Regional Airlines: Airline Response To The Changing Environment And The Impact On Pilot Hiring, Becky Lutte 2017 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Pilot Supply At The Regional Airlines: Airline Response To The Changing Environment And The Impact On Pilot Hiring, Becky Lutte

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

Regional airlines facing pilot supply challenges have responded to the rapidly changing environment by increasing pay, adjusting lifestyle factors, and enhancing career pathway opportunities. The purpose of this research is to provide a current view of the status of airline hiring at regional airlines, given the changes in pay and other factors, and to explore the impact of increased pay on the airlines ability to meet hiring goals. Data for analysis was collected through interviews of pilot recruiting personnel from the 10 largest regional airlines. Preliminary results reveal that regional airlines are meeting hiring goals but airlines remain significantly challenged ...


Combining Forces: Utilizing Expertise From Applied Linguistics And Flight Instruction For Better Atc Communications, Jennifer L. Roberts, Muhammad T. Omar 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Daytona Beach

Combining Forces: Utilizing Expertise From Applied Linguistics And Flight Instruction For Better Atc Communications, Jennifer L. Roberts, Muhammad T. Omar

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

ATC communications are a complex mix of FAA phraseology and plain English. The dynamic demands of a pilot’s workload, simultaneously operating the aircraft, managing checklists, and maintaining situational awareness, make this domain of communication particularly challenging for many non-native English speakers. The dramatic growth of aviation in regions of the world in which English is not the native language has increased the need for flight training organizations to address and manage language issues. This paper outlines a new initiative at Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University to support flight students with the English language necessary for successful flight training. Two subject matter ...


Pilot Control Design Influences On Pilot Monitoring Effectiveness Of Crew Resource Management In Airbus 320 Landings, Edwin Odisho 2017 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Pilot Control Design Influences On Pilot Monitoring Effectiveness Of Crew Resource Management In Airbus 320 Landings, Edwin Odisho

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of Airbus flight control design on pilot perception of Crew Resource Management (CRM) in the landing phase of flight. Federal Aviation Administration Advisory Circular 120-71B: Standard Operating Procedures and Pilot Monitoring Duties for Flight Deck Crewmembers, published in January 2017, defines Pilot Monitoring (PM) responsibilities and potential barriers to PM effectiveness of these duties. The unique flight deck design of the A320 includes non-coupled, independently manipulated, side stick controllers, and non-moving autothrust levers. The combination of these design elements on the A320 flight deck presents unique challenges to the flight ...


The Professionals, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The Professionals, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

The professional pilot is able to handle many critical situations with calmness, split-second decision-making skills, and knowledge of aircraft capabilities, all the while depending on team support.


Bio What?, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

Bio What?, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

A study is made of biorhythm charts and aircraft accidents at TAC. In one 3-year span, 1969-1972, covering 59 accidents, 13 of those accidents occurred on a "critical biorhythmic day" and 40% of the total accidents happened when at least one of the pilots involved had two or more biorhythmic cycles in the minus portion. All accidents are preventable and all people are accident preventers. Understanding why accidents happen and that they are sometimes caused by human error is one area that needs continued study to determine how to reduce accidents.


Another Look At Hydroplaning, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

Another Look At Hydroplaning, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

This article examines the factors contributing to the hydroplaning of aircraft tires on airport runways: ground speed, tire pressure, and water depth vs. tire tread depth. Aircraft weight does not bear any affect on aircraft tire hydroplaning.


The Longest Flight, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The Longest Flight, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

Recounts the last leg of a ferry mission in a C-7 from Southeast Asia to Okinawa where the aircraft experienced serious malfunctions. Rescue accomplished just short of destination with very minor injuries to flight crew after ditching.


What Is An Airlifter?, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

What Is An Airlifter?, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

This article describes the components that make up the Tactical Air Command flight crew, from loadmaster, to flight engineer, to navigator, to copilot, and lastly, to pilot. All together, the crew work in coordination to deliver the goods or the troops. This article was Dr. Brady's last as editor of TAC Attack. Under his two-year leadership, the safety message continued to be heard.


The Airlift Instructor School, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The Airlift Instructor School, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

The development of the Airlift Instructor School at Little Rock AFB, Arkansas, is discussed. This article details the school's philosophy, programs and courses. Standardization in training means a better safety posture.


The 'Can Do' Attitude, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The 'Can Do' Attitude, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

Having the Can Do Attitude is essential to be efficient. If one is efficient, then one is thinking of safety, which is the goal of the U.S. Air Force Tactical Air Command.


The Alligators Will Get You, If You Don't Watch Out!, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The Alligators Will Get You, If You Don't Watch Out!, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

This article relates which tools can help pilots prepare to land at unknown airports.


The Spin--An Accident Analysis, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The Spin--An Accident Analysis, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

An analysis of an accident involving a C-130 Hercules is described. C-130s do spin and the outcome is normally fatal to aircrew members.


The Lure Of Home, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

The Lure Of Home, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

This article recounts an aircraft accident that could have been avoided. The pilot ignored flight manual warnings to not fly in icing conditions. The pilot disregarded all advice to stay on the ground but he was anxious to get home and celebrate an occasion with his family. All lives lost on the flight.


Gear-Up Landings, Or...Let It All Hang Out, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

Gear-Up Landings, Or...Let It All Hang Out, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

Gear-up landings, or belly landings, continue to plague civilian, military and commercial aviation. A study has begun on a new effective device to warn pilots if the landing gear is not deployed correctly before landing.


On Target, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

On Target, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

An examination of aircraft accidents in the military while training for weapons delivery maneuvers.


Midair! Midair!, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

Midair! Midair!, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

A review of a midair collision involving a civilian aircraft and a military aircraft. Careful adherence to the see and avoid principle is advised for all aircraft.


Holidays From Danger, Tim Brady 2017 U.S. Air Force

Holidays From Danger, Tim Brady

Tim Brady

A reminder to be safe during holidays to prevent fires, avoid personal injury, and stay off the roads after drinking.


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