Improvement Of Diesel Engines At High Speeds Via Flexible Valve Actuation And Cylinder Deactivation, 2015 Iowa State University
Improvement Of Diesel Engines At High Speeds Via Flexible Valve Actuation And Cylinder Deactivation, Dina M. Caicedo Parra, Gregory M. Shaver, Aswin Ramesh
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
In the U.S fuel consumption is expected to increase over 20% from 2010 to 2020 especially in the heavy duty segment. As a consequence of the increase in production of heavy and light duty vehicles, regulations and stricter policies are being applied to the emissions of pollutants, including NOx, and soot. This study outlines strategies for using cylinder deactivation and intake valve closure (IVC) modulation to improve fuel economy and increase the rate at which NOx/soot-mitigating aftertreatment devices reach working temperatures. Effects of opening and squeezing variable geometry turbine (VGT) turbocharger were also analyzed. From the results it ...
The Effects Of Ivc Modulation On Modern Diesel Engines Equipped With Variable Valve Actuation At High Load And Speed, Troy E. Odstrcil, Gregory M. Shaver, Cody M. Allen
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Modern diesel compression engines are known for their increased durability, fuel economy and torque when compared with their spark ignition gasoline counterparts. These are some of the reasons why diesel engines are preferred in heavy duty applications such as trains and semi-trucks. During the Heavy Duty Federal Test Procedure transient drive cycle, or HDFTP, nearly 85% of the total fuel burned is at speeds greater than 2000 revolutions per minute (RPM) for the studied engine. Therefore, it is desirable to increase the fuel economy at these loads and speeds. It is hypothesized that the use of late intake valve close ...
Test Rig Design For Compact Variable Displacement Vane Pump, 2015 Purdue University
Test Rig Design For Compact Variable Displacement Vane Pump, Pratik Chawla, Ryan Jenkins, Monika Ivantysynova
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
Variable displacement vane pumps (VDVP) are one type of positive displacement pumps used in automatic transmission vehicles for lubricating the gears, cooling the transmission and actuating the clutches. Though fixed displacement pumps are widely used, they output a constant effective flow at a given speed. Depending on pump sizing considerations, the pump can be oversized at high speeds because flow demand of the transmission is independent of engine speed. The excess flow returns to the tank through an orifice that causes the oil to heat up, increasing the energy required for cooling and reducing the efficiency of the transmission. A ...
Preventive Maintenance By Vibratory Analysis: Case Study, 2015 SelectedWorks
Preventive Maintenance By Vibratory Analysis: Case Study, Amal Boukili, Mohammed Hammoumi
Innovative Research Publications IRP India
The majority of the industrial machine components have to satisfy to the requirements of the high quality and incessantly increasing; so the machines maintaining in good state during the production has became a fundamental point for a product or a company success. Through the measure of the predictive maintenance, it is possible to satisfy these complex requirements with success and to reduce the costs of maintenance. However, an optimization of the maintenance is realized by a continued monitoring of degradation, by way of a control system on line “On Line”, which can respond to industrial imperatives and which provides to ...
Advanced Remote Field Triage Of Car Crash Victims, 2015 Technological University Dublin
Advanced Remote Field Triage Of Car Crash Victims, James Long, Mark Maguire, Joe Clarke
No abstract provided.
Measurement Of Older And Younger Drivers' Selected Seat Position Within Their Personal Vehicles To Influence Recommended Practices For Meeting Safety Needs Of Drivers, Shayne Kelly Mcconomy
The objective of this research was to measure and understand the preferred seat position and posture of older drivers and younger drivers within their personal vehicles to influence recommended practices for meeting the safety needs of all drivers.Currently, the United States is experiencing an ageing population, whereby in 2020 nearly 40 million people over the age of 65 will be licensed drivers. In addition, crash reports show that older drivers are over represented in vehicle fatality statistics, once adjusted for vehicle miles traveled. The increased fatality rate of older drivers has been attributed to a combination of increased fragility ...
Tribological Study On Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation Treatment In Al-Si Alloys For Engine Application, 2015 University of Windsor
Tribological Study On Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation Treatment In Al-Si Alloys For Engine Application, Hoda Eiliat
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Automotive industry strives to reach an optimum level of fuel economy. This can be achieved by overcoming two impacting factors on fuel consumption: weight and friction force. This research contributes to reduce both. The proposed surface treatment can replace cylinder liners of hypoeutectic aluminum silicon alloy engine blocks with a thin layer of ceramic oxide composed of alpha and gamma phases of Al2O3 and mullite. The coatings are achieved in an aqueous electrolytic bath with current densities of 0.1 to 0.2 A/cm2. Coatings produced in silicate based solutions have shown good adaptability to the counter surface with ...
A Simplified Method For Analyzing Factors Contributing To Motorcyclists’ Fatal Injuries In Ohio, 2015 University of Dayton
A Simplified Method For Analyzing Factors Contributing To Motorcyclists’ Fatal Injuries In Ohio, Deogratias Eustace, Vamsi Krishna Indupuru
The aim of this paper was to analyze traffic crash data by using a simplified method in determining significant factors that increase the risk of a motorcyclist being fatally injured once involved in a motorcycle crash in Ohio. The concept of overrepresentation, which is similar to relative risk, was used in identifying significant variables associated with the elevated risk of a motorcycle crash resulting into a fatality. The overrepresentation factor (ORF) was calculated for each variable of interest. The ORF offers a simple but powerful procedure of determining whether a certain factor significantly occurs more or less frequently in one ...
High Resolution Doppler Collision Avoidance Radar, 2015 Michigan Technological University
High Resolution Doppler Collision Avoidance Radar, Jae Seung Lee, Paul Donald Schmalenberg, Nikola Steven Subotic, James Paul Ebling
Michigan Tech Patents
An example radar apparatus has a transmission frequency modulated by a chirp waveform having three chirp segments, including increasing, decreasing, and a constant frequency segments. The chirp waveform may extend over the full revisit time of the radar beam. The frequency difference between the transmitted and echo signals are determined at least once per chirp segment. Example apparatus include a Doppler radar for vehicle use.
Why Toyota And Honda Topped The 2002 J.D. Power Quality Study, 2015 Wright State University
Why Toyota And Honda Topped The 2002 J.D. Power Quality Study, Susan Lightle, Kenneth Yale Rosenzweig, John Talbott
Kenneth Y. Rosenzweig
Toyota again topped the annual J. D. Power and Associates quality study released in late May of 2002. Toyota scored the highest mark ever with l 07 defects per l 00 vehicles, while Honda came in second with 113 defects. The study was based on responses of approximately 65,000 new car owners queried during their first 90-days of ownership. These results do not surprise us, as we have been fortunate to make numerous sojourns to the Toyota plant in Georgetown, Kentucky, and observe the manufacturing processes. These trips were normally facilitated by a former Japanese student of ours, Minako ...
Design And Analysis Of Speed Control Using Hybrid Pid-Fuzzy Controller For Induction Motors, 2015 Western Michigan University
Design And Analysis Of Speed Control Using Hybrid Pid-Fuzzy Controller For Induction Motors, Ahmed Fattah
This thesis presents a hybrid PID-Fuzzy control system for the speed control of a three-phase squirrel cage induction motor. The proposed method incorporates fuzzy logic and conventional controllers with utilization of vector control technique. This method combines the advantages of fuzzy logic controller and conventional controllers to improve the speed response of the induction motor. The design of fuzzy system consists of 9 fuzzy variables and 49 IF-THEN rules that define the behavior of the system. The FLC observes the loop error signal and correspondingly control the PID input error signal so that the actual speed signal matches the reference ...
Analysis Of A Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Impact Attenuator For A Formula Sae Vehicle Using Finite Element Analysis, 2015 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Analysis Of A Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer Impact Attenuator For A Formula Sae Vehicle Using Finite Element Analysis, John T. Rappolt
Master's Theses and Project Reports
The Hashin failure criteria and damage evolution model for laminated fiber reinforced polymers are explored. A series of tensile coupon finite element analyses are run to characterize the variables in the physical model as well as modeling techniques for using an explicit dynamic solver for a quasi-static problem. An attempt to validate the model on an axial tube crush is presented. It was found that fiber buckling was not occurring at the impactor-tube interface. Results and speculation as to why the failure initiation is incorrect are discussed. Lessons learned from the tube crush are applied successfully to the quasi-static Formula ...
Metacomposites Protection System Against Primary Blast Injury, 2015 University of Akron Main Campus
Metacomposites Protection System Against Primary Blast Injury, Kwek Tan, C. Sun
Dr. Kwek-Tze Tan
There is an increasing use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in terrorist and insurgent activities. Exposure to blast is becoming more frequent. Blast related injuries can be inflicted at various levels. Primary blast injury results from blast wave-induced changes in atmospheric pressure, causing organs and tissues to rupture due to shearing and stretching at different rates. Secondary blast injury results from objects put in motion by the blast wind impacting a person. Tertiary blast injury results from a person being blown into solid objects by the blast wind. This paper deals with the protection system against primary blast injury by ...
The Implications Of Self-Driving Cars On Insurance, 2015 Bryant University
The Implications Of Self-Driving Cars On Insurance, Amanda Lobello
Honors Projects in Mathematics
Self-driving cars, also known as autonomous vehicles, are being researched and tested by automakers, technology industry leaders, and other institutions. Lawmakers and politicians are discussing the legislation that will affect the fate of such technology. Primary benefits include safety, mobility, free time, less traffic, and green effects. However, there are also obstacles to the implementation of self-driving vehicles including consumer acceptance, legal liability, and cost. With the potential shift in responsibility from driver to automaker, rating factors for insurance may change, weighing more heavily on the model of the car as a factor. The fate of auto insurance is in ...
Cord Load Characteristics In Bias And Belted-Bias Tires, 2015 The University Of Akron
Cord Load Characteristics In Bias And Belted-Bias Tires, Joseph Walter, George Hall
Dr. Joseph D. Walter
Two improved versions of a recently developed miniature force transducer were used to measure cord loads at the crown, shoulder, and sidewall of bias and belted-bias automobile tires under different testing conditions. As a transducer at a given location passes through the footprint, a “basic shape” for the cord force pattern is generated for straight ahead rolling and cornering. Factors such as wheel load, inflation pressure, obstacle impact, tire speed, rim width, and frictional properties of the tire-drum interface can affect the total force excursion and/or the base line value but do not affect the basic shape of the ...
The Effect Of Cutting Blade Geometry And Material On Carbon Fiber Severing As Used In High-Volume Production Of Composites, 2015 The University of Western Ontario
The Effect Of Cutting Blade Geometry And Material On Carbon Fiber Severing As Used In High-Volume Production Of Composites, Michael Francis Anthony Adamovsky
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Automotive manufacturers have started to actively look into weight savings options for mass production of vehicles that meet new government regulations. Falling prices of carbon fibers have made carbon fiber composites a promising material to be used. The study has focused on the fiber-severing unit incorporated in a high-volume composite production line in an attempt to better define the impact of blade geometry and material on the wear as experienced while cutting carbon fiber. A method to quantify the effect of usage on the cutting ability of a blade has been developed, as well as methods to measure blade wear ...
Usability Evaluation Of A Paratransit Mobile Application, 2015 The University Of Akron
Usability Evaluation Of A Paratransit Mobile Application, Elizabeth Argyle, Chen Ling, Randa Shehab
Dr. Chen Ling
TransitMobile is a mobile application that provides logistic information to drivers in Oklahoma community-based paratransit operations. Passenger reservation information is transferred from the home agency to in-vehicle mobile devices to notify the drivers as reservations are made in real-time. In this study, user testing and a questionnaire were used to evaluate the usability of the application. Task completion times and subjective measures from the questionnaire pointed to areas of the system design that caused errors. The effects of practice revealed the importance of training for drivers in the field. While TransitMobile is a promising application, the system in which it ...
Hybrid Power System Intelligent Operation And Protection Involving Plug-In Electric Vehicles, Tan Ma
FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Two key solutions to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and increase the overall energy efficiency are to maximize the utilization of renewable energy resources (RERs) to generate energy for load consumption and to shift to low or zero emission plug-in electric vehicles (PEVs) for transportation. The present U.S. aging and overburdened power grid infrastructure is under a tremendous pressure to handle the issues involved in penetration of RERS and PEVs. The future power grid should be designed with for the effective utilization of distributed RERs and distributed generations to intelligently respond to varying customer demand including PEVs with high ...
An Empirical Approach To The Re-Creation Of Vehicle Drive Cycles, 2015 Purdue University
An Empirical Approach To The Re-Creation Of Vehicle Drive Cycles, Andrew J. Larson
Open Access Theses
Vehicles such as buses, delivery trucks, mining equipment, and motorsport vehicles often repeat a highly defined pattern, route, or track during normal use. For these vehicles, standard dynamometer drive cycles are of little use. It was proposed that deriving a vehicle drive cycle from empirical data collected from on-board vehicle sensors would produce more accurate vehicle characteristic predictions for special purpose vehicles. This study answers the question "Is it possible to use recorded vehicle data to replicate a real world driving scenario for the purpose of vehicle diagnostics?" To reduce the complexity of the project, an electric go-kart was used ...
A Mechanical Regenerative Brake And Launch Assist Using An Open Differential And Elastic Energy Storage, 2015 University of Dayton
A Mechanical Regenerative Brake And Launch Assist Using An Open Differential And Elastic Energy Storage, David H. Myszka, Andrew P. Murray, Kevin Giaier, Vijay Krishna Jayaprakash, Christoph Gillum
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Faculty Publications
Regenerative brake and launch assist (RBLA) systems are used to capture kinetic energy while a vehicle decelerates and subsequently use that stored energy to assist propulsion. Commercially available hybrid vehicles use generators, batteries and motors to electrically implement RBLA systems. Substantial increases in vehicle efficiency have been widely cited.
This paper presents the development of a mechanical RBLA that stores energy in an elastic medium. An open differential is coupled with a variable transmission to store and release energy to an axle that principally rotates in a single direction. The concept applies regenerative braking technology to conventional automobiles equipped with ...