Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Communication Sciences and Disorders Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,081 Full-Text Articles 5,687 Authors 1,754,286 Downloads 151 Institutions

All Articles in Communication Sciences and Disorders

Faceted Search

4,081 full-text articles. Page 6 of 151.

The Parent Perspective On Augmentative And Alternative Communication: A Qualitative Study, Alicia LaRouech 2022 Northern Illinois University

The Parent Perspective On Augmentative And Alternative Communication: A Qualitative Study, Alicia Larouech

Honors Capstones

Parents are known to be effective communication partners in their child’s augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) intervention. The aim of this interview study was to better understand the parent perspective in the AAC acquisition, implementation, and handing processes across a range of primary disability labels and ages. Participants engaged in phone interviews to discuss their family’s experiences with AAC obtainment and intervention. Qualitative review of their responses developed the following five themes: assessment procedures, external variables that influence device use, barriers of AAC navigation, supports parents have indicated have helped them, and major takeaways as identified by parents. Further subthemes …


How Are The Features Of Infant Directed Speech Related To Cradling Bias?, Tiffany S. Jacob 2022 Northern Illinois University

How Are The Features Of Infant Directed Speech Related To Cradling Bias?, Tiffany S. Jacob

Honors Capstones

The current study explored whether the cradling bias observed in mothers of very young infants is related to acoustic features of infant directed speech. Six mothers were asked to set their 4-month-old infants down and pick them up to determine which side mothers used to cradle their infants. Mothers were placed in two groups: left-sided cradling bias and right-sided cradling bias. The mothers were then recorded as they talked to their infants while they shared books and simple toys designed to elicit the vowels /i/, /a/, and /u/. Vowel fundamental frequency (/i, a, u/) and word length (i.e., “sheep, shop, …


A Case Of Akinetic Mutism In Patient With Unilateral Anterior Communicating Artery Stroke, David Ho, Or Shachar, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, James Lee 2022 Rowan University

A Case Of Akinetic Mutism In Patient With Unilateral Anterior Communicating Artery Stroke, David Ho, Or Shachar, James Espinosa, Alan Lucerna, James Lee

Stratford Campus Research Day

Akinetic mutism, a rare neurological condition involving sensory, motor, language, behavior, and emotional changes, mimicking locked-in syndrome, should be considered in acute stroke patients presenting with speech deficits. This condition, although debilitating initially, does have prospects for recovery. In this case report, we present the case of a patient presenting to the ER for altered mental status, found to be in DKA, NSTEMI, suspected narcotic overdose, and unilateral acute ischemic stroke of the left anterior communicating artery (ACA), who was found to have Akinetic Mutism. In stroke patients presenting with aphasia and dysarthria, it is worth considering akinetic mutism in …


Investigation Of The Externship Selection Process Across Asha-Accredited Speech Language Pathology Programs, Teale Niles, Lindsey Schwab, Brandon Eddy 2022 Portland State University

Investigation Of The Externship Selection Process Across Asha-Accredited Speech Language Pathology Programs, Teale Niles, Lindsey Schwab, Brandon Eddy

Student Research Symposium

Graduate students in speech-language pathology (SLP) must complete 400 clinical clock hours during graduate training, the majority of which frequently come from off-campus externship experiences. Graduate students are matched to externship sites by their program. No studies to date have systematically documented how graduate programs in speech-language pathology select students for externship experiences nor the constraints involved in the externship process (e.g., academic schedule). The goal of this study is to survey ASHA accredited SLP programs to describe the current procedures being used to place students at externship sites and the roles and perspectives of the externship coordinators. Externship coordinators …


Augmentative And Alternative Communication Course Design And Features: An Analysis Of Course Syllabi And Calendars, Celine Goodbody, Hosanna Broderick, Brandon Eddy 2022 Portland State University

Augmentative And Alternative Communication Course Design And Features: An Analysis Of Course Syllabi And Calendars, Celine Goodbody, Hosanna Broderick, Brandon Eddy

Student Research Symposium

Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is an area of clinical practice that supplements or compensates for impairments in speech-language production and/or comprehension (ASHA, n.d.). A survey study by Johnson and Prebor (2019) found 86% of graduate speech-language pathology (SLP) programs offered an AAC course, though half (49%) suggested their students were underprepared to provide AAC services. High-quality graduate training, including AAC coursework, has been suggested as a solution to prepare clinicians to provide AAC services. Recently, Sauerwein and Burris (2021) surveyed AAC course instructors at accredited SLP graduate programs to analyze AAC course design features. Sixty-four (24.2%) programs responded to …


Implicit Learning In Preschoolers With Developmental Language Disorder, Crystal L. Cairns, Sam Ward, Emma Duran, Molly Franz, Carolyn Quam 2022 Portland State University

Implicit Learning In Preschoolers With Developmental Language Disorder, Crystal L. Cairns, Sam Ward, Emma Duran, Molly Franz, Carolyn Quam

Student Research Symposium

We compared implicit learning in preschoolers with and without developmental language disorder (DLD), to test the procedural deficit hypothesis (PDH), which proposes that implicit learning is the core impairment in DLD. During the first experiment we tested 26 preschoolers with typical language development (TLD) and 26 preschoolers with DLD. Eligibility was determined through standardized assessment. We predicted children with DLD would show impairments in a test of implicit learning.

Using computer-based tasks, participants received training on sound discrimination in two dimensions: duration and pitch.They were tested on their ability to accurately categorize these two dimensions by mapping sounds to meaning. …


Factors Impacting Heritage Language Maintenance In Children, Helena Sai 2022 Portland State University

Factors Impacting Heritage Language Maintenance In Children, Helena Sai

Student Research Symposium

This review article aims to examine families’ beliefs and strategies regarding heritage language maintenance in the US. Language status, caregiver beliefs, and community factors are explored in relation to language maintenance across generations. The broader context in which parents make decisions about family language policies were investigated through the following research questions:

  1. What is the nature of the relationship between a heritage language’s language status in society and language maintenance across generations?

  2. How do parents’ beliefs about the impact of heritage language on academic, social, and career success influence their decision to pass this language to their children?

  3. To what …


Perspectives Of Special Educators And Paraprofessionals On Person-Centered Planning Tools For People Who Use Aac, Samantha K. Stidham, Brandon Eddy, Andryce Andres 2022 Portland State University

Perspectives Of Special Educators And Paraprofessionals On Person-Centered Planning Tools For People Who Use Aac, Samantha K. Stidham, Brandon Eddy, Andryce Andres

Student Research Symposium

Person-centered planning (PCP) is an intervention approach for people experiencing disability. This often results in a document outlining the individual’s preferences in their care, life goals, and transitions. Some people with disabilities communicate using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC), which supplements or compensates for impairments in speech and language production often involving the use of external communication tools. Current PCP tools may not fulfill the needs of people who use AAC (PWUAAC) due to limited focus on supporting communication. No PCP tools yet exist specifically designed for PWUAAC. The purpose of this study was to inform the design of a …


Developing Therapeutic Alliance Through Improvisation: A State-Of-The-Art Review For The Speech-Language Pathologist, Ryan DePauw 2022 Portland State University

Developing Therapeutic Alliance Through Improvisation: A State-Of-The-Art Review For The Speech-Language Pathologist, Ryan Depauw

Student Research Symposium

Background: With the needs of patients in modern healthcare becoming increasingly complex, providers may benefit from using adaptive skills to develop therapeutic alliance in patient-centered care. This review examined the potential application and benefit of theatrical improvisational skills in healthcare generally and in the allied health profession of speech-language pathology specifically.

Methods: A literature search was completed across 6 databases. Search terms included “clinical improvisation,” “medical improvisation,” and “applied improvisation.” Searches were limited to journal articles published in English from November 2011 through November 2021. Articles included for full review were of original research and focused on applied …


Qualitative Research Approaches: Descriptive Phenomenology In The Healthcare Field, Emily Goble, Karyssa Stonick, Alison Wong, Deanna Britton 2022 Portland State University

Qualitative Research Approaches: Descriptive Phenomenology In The Healthcare Field, Emily Goble, Karyssa Stonick, Alison Wong, Deanna Britton

Student Research Symposium

Qualitative research analyzes psychosocial aspects of the world in an effort to synthesize and understand lived experiences. It is a powerful tool for collecting rich data to explore and build theory in new areas of research with limited existing theory. This oral presentation will share an overview of commonly used qualitative research approaches and their applications with a focus on descriptive phenomenology for patient-centered healthcare research. Developed as part of a student-led research team looking into experiences of dysphagia among individuals with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, this project will justify why we selected a descriptive phenomenological approach for this project, provide a …


Patterns Of And Experiences With Dysphagia In People With Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (Heds) With Or Without Dysautonomia, Karyssa A. Stonick, Deanna Britton Dr., Emily Goble, Alison Wong, Alena Guggenheim Dr., Donna Graville 2022 Portland State University

Patterns Of And Experiences With Dysphagia In People With Hypermobile Ehlers Danlos Syndrome (Heds) With Or Without Dysautonomia, Karyssa A. Stonick, Deanna Britton Dr., Emily Goble, Alison Wong, Alena Guggenheim Dr., Donna Graville

Student Research Symposium

Ehlers Danlos Syndromes (EDS) are collagen-based hereditary connective tissue disorders characterized by decreased tissue integrity. Historically, the musculoskeletal and dermatological manifestations have been emphasized. However, EDS is associated with symptoms and conditions affecting nearly all body systems, including swallowing (dysphagia). A Cohort Discovery analysis at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) revealed that 14.9% ± 0.3% of patients with an ICD-10 diagnosis of EDS also have an ICD-10 diagnosis of dysphagia in their medical record. Despite only one article in the current literature, the prevalence of dysphagia in EDS is not insignificant and warrants further investigation. Our long-term hypothesis is …


Respiratory Function In Transgender And Gender Diverse Individuals On Testosterone Therapy: A Comparative Study, Jillian River R. Browy, Alicia Heitzman, Deanna Britton, Jeff Conn, Karen Drake, Aaron Ziegler 2022 Portland State University

Respiratory Function In Transgender And Gender Diverse Individuals On Testosterone Therapy: A Comparative Study, Jillian River R. Browy, Alicia Heitzman, Deanna Britton, Jeff Conn, Karen Drake, Aaron Ziegler

Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The primary goal of this pilot study was to examine the impact of testosterone therapy, as part of medical treatment to align gender identity, on measures of respiration and voice.

Methods: Participants consisted of a group of transgender and gender-diverse individuals, assigned female at birth, who had been taking testosterone for at least one year and a control group of age- and race-matched peers, also assigned female at birth, who had never taken testosterone. Data were collected on the primary outcomes of respiratory volume and strength, reflected by measures of forced vital capacity (FVC), maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP), and …


Colleges’ And Universities’ Referral Of Student Veterans With Acquired Brain Injury For Speech-Language Services, Morgan M. Rittenberger 2022 Cleveland State University

Colleges’ And Universities’ Referral Of Student Veterans With Acquired Brain Injury For Speech-Language Services, Morgan M. Rittenberger

ETD Archive

The purpose of this study was to identify whether public and private colleges or universities across the United States have procedures to assist student veterans who are facing academic challenges secondary to traumatic brain injury (TBI) or acquired brain injury (ABI). This study aimed to identify whether personnel in college and university veterans services offices, offices of disability services, academic success offices, tutoring centers, or other offices that support student veterans academically are aware of the role of speech-language pathologists in providing treatment to manage the effects of TBI/ABI on academic performance, along with the locations for speech-language pathology services …


Do Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (Gerd) Exhibit Vocal Fold Deficits Manifested In Physical Or Acoustical Abnormalities?, Emily L. Mingus 2022 Cleveland State University

Do Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (Gerd) Exhibit Vocal Fold Deficits Manifested In Physical Or Acoustical Abnormalities?, Emily L. Mingus

ETD Archive

GERD is an esophageal disease that has both esophageal and extra-esophageal symptoms. Due to the acidic nature of GERD, there appears to be a disruption in the function of the tissues surrounding the area of the vocal folds. This study investigated the influence of GERD as it relates to voice and swallowing. Data were previously collected on twelve individuals, six with a medical diagnosis of GERD and six with no medical diagnosis of GERD, and analyzed. This included descriptive analysis of data points from a Visi-Pitch, Videostroboscopy, and Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of the Swallow (FFES). The objective measurements from the …


Building Speech Pattern 1: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 1: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 1: Picture Stimuli is part 1 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a child’s words, targeted and produced, …


Building Speech Pattern 2: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 2: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 2: Picture Stimuli is part 2 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a child’s words, targeted and produced, …


Building Speech Pattern 3: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 3: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 3: Picture Stimuli is part 3 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a child’s words, targeted and produced, …


Building Speech Pattern 5: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 5: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 5: Picture Stimuli is part 5 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a child’s words, targeted and produced, …


Building Speech Pattern 6: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech Pattern 6: Picture Stimuli, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

Building Speech Pattern 6: Picture Stimuli is part 6 of 8 in the picture stimuli to accompany the Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity documents. To see the full series, visit: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a child’s words, targeted and produced, …


Building Speech And Quantifying Complexity: The Manual, Kathy J. Jakielski 2022 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Building Speech And Quantifying Complexity: The Manual, Kathy J. Jakielski

Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity

This document is the manual to accompany Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity. The full series can be viewed here: https://digitalcommons.augustana.edu/cgi/siteview.cgi/csdbuildingspeech

Building Speech & Quantifying Complexity is a dual approach to treating and evaluating articulatory complexity in child speech. It has two components: Building Speech and Quantifying Complexity. These two components can be used independently or together. When used together, the speech-language pathologist has a method for selecting goals and targets of varying levels of articulatory difficulty, plus a means for measuring changes in a child’s words, targeted and produced, at one point in time or over time.

The Building Speech …


Digital Commons powered by bepress