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2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Other Political Science

An Investigation Into The Use Of Geospatial Technologies As Part Of Disaster Management Efforts Related To The Asian Tsunami Of 2004, Robert William Redding Jr. Dec 2009

An Investigation Into The Use Of Geospatial Technologies As Part Of Disaster Management Efforts Related To The Asian Tsunami Of 2004, Robert William Redding Jr.

Dissertations

On the 26th of December, 2004, a tsunami impacted the countries surrounding the Indian Ocean, immediately killing over two hundred and eighty thousand people, displacing another million people, and initially causing at least US$10 billion in damage. The response by the international community was swift and massive. Disaster decision-makers who led their organization's responses to the tsunami used geospatial information to support their decision-making efforts with mixed success. When describing their use of geospatial technologies during the response, a select set of disaster decision-makers provided information about how they used geospatial information, they described what worked and what ...


Venture Philanthropy In 2009: Developments In The Field Since "Virtuous Capital", Annika Many Dec 2009

Venture Philanthropy In 2009: Developments In The Field Since "Virtuous Capital", Annika Many

Master in Public Administration Theses

This study will examine the evolution of the field of venture philanthropy since the late 1990s and will provide an updated guide to the types of organizations utilizing venture philanthropy strategies across the United States and internationally. The purpose of this research is to investigate how the field has changed as it has matured, to identify the key players and learnings of organizations across the field, and to develop a framework for the types of organizations that have been the most successful in implementing the venture philanthropy model.


Tobacco Use Policymaking And Administration In Bhutan, Michael S. Givel Oct 2009

Tobacco Use Policymaking And Administration In Bhutan, Michael S. Givel

Michael S. Givel

No abstract provided.


Youth Restiveness And Violence In Nigeria: A Case Study Of Youth Unrest In Ebiraland, Marietu S. Tenuche Oct 2009

Youth Restiveness And Violence In Nigeria: A Case Study Of Youth Unrest In Ebiraland, Marietu S. Tenuche

Marietu S Tenuche (PhD)

The youth in Nigeria are involved and in most cases are in the vanguard of violent conflicts that have occurred in different parts of the country. The study specifically examined the role of the youth in the intermittent bursts of violent that erupts in Ebira land North Central Nigeria. The study suggested possible remedies of this growing tendency. This descriptive research was carried out essentially through an analysis of relevant texts, documents and Research and Government Reports on the subject matter. The position in the study was that the abrogation of the traditional authority of the Clans as an instrument ...


Interview With Funeka Sihlali, Renell Schubert Oct 2009

Interview With Funeka Sihlali, Renell Schubert

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 92 minutes

Interview of Funeka Sihlali by Renell Schubert


Interview With Otis Cunningham, Danny Fenster Oct 2009

Interview With Otis Cunningham, Danny Fenster

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 98 minutes

Interview of Otis Cunningham by Danny Fenster


Speak Clearly And Carry A Big Stock Of Dollar Reserves: Sovereign Risk, Ideology, And Presidential Elections In Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, And Venezuela, Anthony Petros Spanakos, Lucio Remuzat Renno Junior Oct 2009

Speak Clearly And Carry A Big Stock Of Dollar Reserves: Sovereign Risk, Ideology, And Presidential Elections In Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, And Venezuela, Anthony Petros Spanakos, Lucio Remuzat Renno Junior

Department of Political Science and Law Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

Partisan theories of political economy expect that bondholders will panic with the election of a left-wing presidential candidate. The latter seems to be what happened in Brazil in the 2002 presidential elections. However, quantitative analysis of perceptions of sovereign credit risk in Argentine, Brazilian, Mexican, and Venezuelan presidential elections from 1994 until 2007 shows no real evidence of a link between partisanship and perceptions of risk, even if the left-right divide is further broken down into left, center-left, center-right, right. Instead, international and domestic economic fundamentals have a stronger influence on risk evaluations. Qualitative analysis of the individual presidential elections ...


Fear And Projection As Root Causes Of War, And The Archetypal Energies "Trust" And "Peace" As Antidotes, Carroy U. Ferguson Sep 2009

Fear And Projection As Root Causes Of War, And The Archetypal Energies "Trust" And "Peace" As Antidotes, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

I want to use this opportunity to discuss a phenomenon that continues to plague the human experience. It is called the game of war. War is perhaps the deadliest game that humanity has created. The conflict itself represents what appears to be opposing views about the way things should be. Each side believes that it is right and that its actions are justified. Each side therefore seeks to impose its views on the other or to defend its views against the other. Each side fears the other as an enemy and each side projects its fears onto its perceived “enemy.”


Old Words, New Worlds: Revisiting The Modernity Of Tradition, Ananya Vajpeyi Sep 2009

Old Words, New Worlds: Revisiting The Modernity Of Tradition, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Curriculum Vitae, Sheldon Kamieniecki Aug 2009

Curriculum Vitae, Sheldon Kamieniecki

Sheldon Kamieniecki

No abstract provided.


Resistant Place Identities In Rural Charleston County, South Carolina: Cultural, Environmental, And Racial Politics In The Sewee To Santee Area, Cassandra Y. Johnson, Angela C. Halfacre, Patrick T. Hurley Jul 2009

Resistant Place Identities In Rural Charleston County, South Carolina: Cultural, Environmental, And Racial Politics In The Sewee To Santee Area, Cassandra Y. Johnson, Angela C. Halfacre, Patrick T. Hurley

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

The cultural and political implications of landscape change and urban growth in the western U.S. are well-documented. However, comparatively little scholarship has examined the effects of urbanization on sense of place in the southern U.S. We contribute to the literature on competing place meanings with a case study from the rural “Sewee to Santee” region of northern Charleston County, SC. Our research highlights conflicting cultural, environmental, and racial politics and their roles in struggles over place meanings. Using focus groups, interviews with elected officials, and participant observation, we document initial African American resistance and eventual compliance with the ...


Gender Inequalities In Buha (Kigoma) And The Role Of Gender Mainstreaming To Alliviate Them, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Jun 2009

Gender Inequalities In Buha (Kigoma) And The Role Of Gender Mainstreaming To Alliviate Them, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Gender issues and debates on gender are ever growing to dominate the local and international politics, law, economy and social policies. The debate are hot and even now penetrating to the formerly spheres that were for quite long left un-penetrated such as those structures of religion. Gender can be defined as the social determined roles and relations between males and females. In this regard, these social constructed roles and relations have resulted into tremendous gender inequalities that need to be addressed anew with a different methodology or strategy. They call for critical and purposely attention from anyone who hopes to ...


Memory For Political Messages: The Role Of Inhibition And Prior Attitudes, Shannon Peterson Callahan Jun 2009

Memory For Political Messages: The Role Of Inhibition And Prior Attitudes, Shannon Peterson Callahan

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Abstract Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) is a phenomenon wherein repeatedly accessing a portion of information causes decreases in memory for related information that is not practiced (Anderson, Bjork, Bjork, 1994). This study applied the retrieval practice paradigm commonly used in cognitive research to persuasive political statements in order to understand the cognitive implications that selective exposure to political messages may have. This study had a mixed design, with retrieval practice agreement (proattitudinal or counterattitudinal), attitude extremity (neutral, moderate, extreme), gender, and practiced issue (affirmative action or gun control) as between subject variables and item practice status (retrieval practiced, non-practiced/shared stance ...


The Social Evolution Of War And Transformation In Political Organization, Talon J. Powers May 2009

The Social Evolution Of War And Transformation In Political Organization, Talon J. Powers

Political Science Honors Projects

Until recently, international relations theory has treated the territorial state as a transhistorical constant. The post-positivist turn, however, revives the question of the state’s origins and future sustainability. By drawing together the contributions of historical sociologists and social theorists of war, this thesis provides a model for change in political organization stemming from foundational transformations in warfare. This model considers not only warfighting practices, but the social and broader historical context in which war is embedded. Through analysis of the feudal and modern cases, I demonstrate why warfare is the best lens through which to evaluate change in political ...


Gay Parenthood And The Revolution Of The Modern Family: An Examination Of The Unique Barriers Confronting Gay Adoptive Parents, Nicholas Arntsen May 2009

Gay Parenthood And The Revolution Of The Modern Family: An Examination Of The Unique Barriers Confronting Gay Adoptive Parents, Nicholas Arntsen

Honors Scholar Theses

Abstract: In recent decades, the structure of the American family has been revolutionized to incorporate families of diverse and unconventional compositions. Gay and lesbian couples have undoubtedly played a crucial role in this revolution by establishing families through the tool of adoption. Eleven adoptive parents from the state of Connecticut were interviewed to better conceptualize the unique barriers gay couples encounter in the process adoption. Both the scholarly research and the interview data illustrate that although gay couples face enormous legal barriers, the majority of their hardship comes through social interactions. As a result, the cultural myths and legal restrictions ...


The Treatment Action Campaign's First Decade: Success Achieved?, Jung Cho May 2009

The Treatment Action Campaign's First Decade: Success Achieved?, Jung Cho

Honors Scholar Theses

South Africa is known to have the largest HIV epidemic in the world with 5.7 million people currently living with HIV, according to UNAIDS. In light of the crisis, South Africa's Treatment Action Campaign (TAC) has led the social movement for increased treatment access for people living with HIV through lobbying the government, multinational pharmaceutical companies, and grassroots campaigning. Since it's founding a decade ago, TAC has been highly acclaimed both regionally and internationally for its success. In order to determine the success of this social movement organization, social movement theories, such as mobilization potential, external political ...


Weak States And Political Constraints: Experiments With Truth In Liberia And Sierra Leone, Robert Collins Painter May 2009

Weak States And Political Constraints: Experiments With Truth In Liberia And Sierra Leone, Robert Collins Painter

Political Science Honors Projects

Focusing on truth and reconciliation commissions in Liberia and Sierra Leone, this thesis examines which political conditions typical of weak states had the greatest impact in deciding the different levels of success between the two cases. Two conditions played a central role in determining each commission’s success: the de-legitimization of the state and political fragmentation. Their presence in Sierra Leone derailed that truth commission’s efforts to carry out its mandate. Conversely, their absence in Liberia allowed its commission to operate relatively free of political impediments, leading to greater success.


The State, Identity Mobilization And Conflict: A Study Of Intra Ethnic Conflict In Ebira Land, North Central - Nigeria, Marietu S. Tenuche May 2009

The State, Identity Mobilization And Conflict: A Study Of Intra Ethnic Conflict In Ebira Land, North Central - Nigeria, Marietu S. Tenuche

Marietu S Tenuche (PhD)

This study focused mainly on changes in the traditional institutions of governance occasioned by colonial rule and the impact of such changes on the organization of social life of erstwhile republican communities in Nigeria. These changes appeared to be the most fundamental and underlying cause of incessant violent conflicts and the seeming powerlessness on the part of State authorities to exert control and provide security to the communities. Relying essentially on content analysis of media reports, materials from the archives including reports by colonial officials on the Ebira community complimented largely with in-depth interviews carried out with leading actors in ...


Native American Elementary Education In The Syracuse City School District: A Microcosm Of The Native American Struggle For Self-Determination And Tribal Sovereignty, Margaret Eleni Mcweeney May 2009

Native American Elementary Education In The Syracuse City School District: A Microcosm Of The Native American Struggle For Self-Determination And Tribal Sovereignty, Margaret Eleni Mcweeney

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

This intent of this paper is to research Native American education in theSyracuseCitySchool District. This paper examines the relationship of the Onondaga Nation and the New York State Department of Education. The Onondaga Nation is a Native American Nation that neighbors the City ofSyracuse. The Nation is one of a Confederacy of Six Native American Nations inNew YorkStatecalled the Haudenosaunee.

Native American students across theUnited Stateshave extremely low graduation rates in city public schools. The Onondaga Nation attributes this to policies of marginalization and insensitive curriculum materials in public school. Many theories have been proposed that minority students often suffer ...


The Political Application Of Humor, Matthew K. Harris May 2009

The Political Application Of Humor, Matthew K. Harris

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

In the weeks preceding the 2008 US Presidential Election, both major party candidates and their running mates made appearances on several late night comedy programs. Candidates told jokes during campaign speeches. Advertisements from both sides featured humor. In examining the campaigns of candidates since the dawn of radio and television, humor is clearly a weapon politicians believe to be important when running for office. In my Capstone Project, I hoped to answer a very basic question: Why? Psychologically, what factors allow humor to be a valuable tool for politicians in appealing to voters?

For the following thesis, I examined research ...


The Effect Of The Political Process On Education: Political Corruption And Education In Paterson, New Jersey, Curtis Martell Eatman May 2009

The Effect Of The Political Process On Education: Political Corruption And Education In Paterson, New Jersey, Curtis Martell Eatman

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

Paterson, New Jersey Public school system has continued to produce low-graduation rates, high drop-out rates, and low test scores despite being taken over by the state of New Jersey. In this qualitative paper, I see to place the blame for Paterson’s failing schools not on the teachers, parents and students—which other scholars have done—but on the politicians (namely the Board of Education) for their failures in leadership, being inept, and all out corruption. I propose solid solutions to the problem of Paterson failing schools. This study builds off of the scholarship of Lydia Segal, who worte Battling ...


"Who Are You Wearing?" Using The Red Carpet Question Pedagogically, Jon D. Carlson Apr 2009

"Who Are You Wearing?" Using The Red Carpet Question Pedagogically, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Interview With Anne Evens, Beth Thenhaus Apr 2009

Interview With Anne Evens, Beth Thenhaus

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

No abstract provided.


Interview With Carol Thompson, Marcia Monaco Apr 2009

Interview With Carol Thompson, Marcia Monaco

Chicago Anti-Apartheid Movement

Length: 91 minutes

Interview of Carol Thompson by Marcia Monaco


The Role Of Language And Politics: A Look At National-Identity Formation In Eastern Ukraine, Andrew Maxwell Apr 2009

The Role Of Language And Politics: A Look At National-Identity Formation In Eastern Ukraine, Andrew Maxwell

Master's Theses - Politics and Government

One of the most important questions a newly-independent country must answer concerns the essence of its people as a collective nation. The policies advocated for, the laws created, and the fundamentals of the legal and political system of the young nation-state will largely be determined by the values, beliefs, culture, and identity of the people within the state. As a result, the study of the present or emerging national identity in a young sovereign state can be important for understanding the policy decisions and political direction the state is moving in. In this paper I will analyze the emerging national ...


Civil And Religious Law In England: A Student's Perspective, Kaitlin H. Pennington Apr 2009

Civil And Religious Law In England: A Student's Perspective, Kaitlin H. Pennington

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

As a part of a series of lectures on “Islam in English Law,” for the 2008 Temple Festival, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, gave a lecture titled, “Civil and Religious Law in England: a Religious Perspective.” The lecture referenced Sharia (Muslim divine law) as an example in which the state of England could tease out some of the broader issues around the rights of religious groups within a secular state. Williams intended the lecture to offer a space for serious discussion on what it means to have within society “the presence of communities which, while no less ‘law-abiding’ than ...


The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy Mar 2009

The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Migration as well as group conflict has occurred throughout history. This thesis examined why in response to internal migration to Mumbai, Bangalore, and Delhi there are varying levels of nativism. The level of nativism was found to be high in Mumbai, medium in Delhi, and low in Bangalore. Anti-migrant sentiment was explained by political competition in Mumbai, class prejudice in Delhi, and an overlaying of class and ethnic conflict in Bangalore. I conclude that mobilization against migrants is easiest when they are largely of a specific regional or ethnic background, that there is a tipping point beyond which opposing migrants ...


Archetypal Energies, The Emergence Of Obama As A Practical Idealist, And Global Transformation, Carroy U. Ferguson Feb 2009

Archetypal Energies, The Emergence Of Obama As A Practical Idealist, And Global Transformation, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

During this time of change, AHP and kindred spirits on the edge have important roles to play. We are the keepers and nurturers of a transformative and evolutionary Vision for Consciousness and a more humane world. At issue is what I will call the “psychic politics” for global transformation, nurtured by practical idealism and the Archetypal Energies. In other writings, I have described Archetypal Energies as Higher Vibrational Energies, operating deep within our individual and collective psyches, which have their own transcendent value, purpose, quality, and “voice”, unique to the individual. We experience them as “creative urges” to move us ...


“De Cómo Fue Que Llegamos Hasta Aquí. La Adopción De Enfoques Teórico-Metodológicos Y Estrategias Pedagógicas Para El Análisis Político En La Universidad Nacional De Rosario”, Cristina Diaz Jan 2009

“De Cómo Fue Que Llegamos Hasta Aquí. La Adopción De Enfoques Teórico-Metodológicos Y Estrategias Pedagógicas Para El Análisis Político En La Universidad Nacional De Rosario”, Cristina Diaz

Cristina B. Diaz Mrs.

Cuánto de la historia reciente de las Cs. Sociales en Latinoamérica pervive -en tensión- en los lineamientos de las últimas versiones de nuestros programas de trabajo docente? En muchas el perfil evidencia un sesgo hacia el predominio de la problematización de la subjetividad y la temporalidad por inexistencia de espacios dedicados de modo estable a su examen con vistas a dar fundamento a modos particulares de asumir el lugar del análisis. Por otra parte, está claro que eludimos la formalización y las metodologías cuantitativas y que otorgamos sólo un peso relativo, mucho menor que el de materias similares en otras ...


Edicts For The Ages, Ananya Vajpeyi Jan 2009

Edicts For The Ages, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.