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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Hydrologic Modeling With Remote Sensing For The Estimation Of Groundwater Resources Within The Sand River Catchment, South Africa, Sophia Bakar Dec 2022

Hydrologic Modeling With Remote Sensing For The Estimation Of Groundwater Resources Within The Sand River Catchment, South Africa, Sophia Bakar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Sand River Catchment is an important tributary of the transboundary Limpopo River in South Africa, which spans Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, and Mozambique. Groundwater is a critical resource in the region, especially in the context of population growth and climate change. Data are needed for proper management of these water resources. In regions where groundwater data are sparse in time, space, or both, the most promising solutions come from satellites and hydrologic models. Regional literature suggests that the Soutpansberg Mountains, located within the Sand Catchment, are high-elevation water towers with uncertain groundwater resources. Improved understanding of groundwater resources in …


Barriers To And Opportunities For Adoption In Maine’S Aquaculture Industry, Caitlin Cleaver Dec 2022

Barriers To And Opportunities For Adoption In Maine’S Aquaculture Industry, Caitlin Cleaver

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Aquaculture, or the farming of marine species, can diversify coastal economies, but development of this industry is hindered by negative perceptions or regulatory constraints. Commercial fishers are logical adopters of aquaculture, but can also mount opposition to its growth. This dissertation utilized innovation theory to understand fishers’ perceptions of and willingness to adopt aquaculture and drivers of and barriers to scallop aquaculture development in Maine (USA). Through a mail survey, lobster fishers’ perceptions of Maine’s aquaculture industry and their willingness to adopt aquaculture were assessed (Chapter 2). Individuals who were more satisfied with government management of aquaculture held more positive …


Gold (I) Tetrathiomolybdate Clusters: Synthesis, Characterization, Computational Studies, And Reactivity With Thiophenol And Selenophenol, Dhirgam Humaidy Dec 2022

Gold (I) Tetrathiomolybdate Clusters: Synthesis, Characterization, Computational Studies, And Reactivity With Thiophenol And Selenophenol, Dhirgam Humaidy

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis describes the synthesis and reactivity of heterometallic complexes containing medicinally active Au(I) and tetrathiomolybdate, [MoS4]2-. The research is motivated by the idea of multifunctional drugs, which are designed to treat diseases through two or more mechanisms of action. Five clusters of the general form, [MoS4(AuL)2] were prepared: C-1 (L=IPr), C-2 (L=IBzMe), C-3 (L=IMes), C-4 (L=PPh3), and C-5 (L=PEt3). The clusters with NHC ligands, C-1, C-2, and C-3 were prepared for the first time and thoroughly characterized by 1H NMR,13C{1H} …


Plasma-Assisted Growth And Characterization Of Piezoelectric Aln And Sc(X)Al(1-X)N Films For Microwave Acoustic Sensor Applications, Morton Greenslit Dec 2022

Plasma-Assisted Growth And Characterization Of Piezoelectric Aln And Sc(X)Al(1-X)N Films For Microwave Acoustic Sensor Applications, Morton Greenslit

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The use of surface acoustic wave (SAW) sensors in high temperature harsh environments such as those found in power plants, industrial manufacturing, or aerospace applications allows for monitoring of internal conditions at locations where traditional sensors do not operate or are unreliable. Surface acoustic wave resonator (SAWR) sensors are based on piezoelectric materials and feature a small passive low-profile self-powered design that can operate and wirelessly transmit data to monitor parameters such as temperature, pressure, or strain. SAWR sensors typically consist of a series of metal electrodes fabricated onto a bulk crystal piezoelectric such as langasite (La3Ga5SiO14). However, there are …


Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Deadwood In Forests Of The Northeastern United States, Zoe Read Dec 2022

Carbon Dioxide Emissions From Deadwood In Forests Of The Northeastern United States, Zoe Read

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As the climate changes, understanding the sources and sinks of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide (CO2) is increasingly important. However, several components of the carbon cycle within forests remain poorly understood. For example, knowledge gaps exist in our understanding of CO2 emissions from coarse woody material (CWM; logs and stumps), including how emissions change over time, how they are influenced by environmental variables, and how they compare to soil and ecosystem-level CO2 emissions.

To fill these knowledge gaps, we examined CO2 emissions from CWM at three sites. We sampled 18 red spruce (Picea …


Anthropogenic Effects On Tidal Distortion In A Tidal River, Matthew D. Fischer Dec 2022

Anthropogenic Effects On Tidal Distortion In A Tidal River, Matthew D. Fischer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Tidal rivers are landward portions of estuarine systems constituting the union between coastal, tidally controlled settings and rivers, where fluvial processes dominate. In these reaches, river discharge (mean flow) and tides are the two most important mechanisms in controlling geophysical flows. The processes governing water levels and current amplitudes in tidal rivers are highly nonlinear and modulated by external forcings- thus requiring sophisticated techniques for accurate prediction and forecasting. Physical oceanographers and estuarine physicists tend to limit their study area to the maximum extent of the horizontal tide (salinity intrusion), not the most landward point influenced by tidal water levels. …


First-Row Transition Element Distribution Across The Blueschist-Eclogite Transition: A Case Study From New Caledonia, Natalie M. Harmon Dec 2022

First-Row Transition Element Distribution Across The Blueschist-Eclogite Transition: A Case Study From New Caledonia, Natalie M. Harmon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The first-row transition elements (FRTE), namely Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn, are potential redox tracers in the solid Earth due to their general compatibility during crustal processes, and the redox-sensitive nature of certain elements. Despite widespread interest in the FRTEs, their distribution and behavior in subduction zones, particularly across the blueschist-eclogite transition, are still poorly constrained. New Caledonia preserves a prograde subduction zone with largely coherent continuous progression in metamorphic grade. Although the metamorphic sequence has been disrupted to some extent, this is the closest natural example of blueschist and eclogite that was sourced …


Holocene And Last Glacial Period Atmospheric Dynamics And Biogeochemistry Based On South Pole Ice Core Microparticle And Trace Element Records, Aaron Chesler Dec 2022

Holocene And Last Glacial Period Atmospheric Dynamics And Biogeochemistry Based On South Pole Ice Core Microparticle And Trace Element Records, Aaron Chesler

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

I develop and interpret a record of dust deposition from the South Pole ice core (SPC14) to identify changes in atmospheric variability. The SPC14 core was drilled during 2014 – 2016 and provides a high accumulation (~7 cm w.e.q. per year) record in central Antarctica that reaches a depth of 1751 m (~54 ka). My analysis combines microparticle (dust) concentration, size, and shape metrics using continuous and discrete methodologies and high- and low-resolution multifractional Fe analyses that span the past 54 ka.

Results from my dust shape analysis suggest the common assumption of spherical dust particle shape in incorrect and …


Investigation Of Cryptotephra In Polar Ice Cores, Meredith Helmick Dec 2022

Investigation Of Cryptotephra In Polar Ice Cores, Meredith Helmick

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Volcanic ash (tephra) present within polar ice cores greatly supplements our understanding of past volcanism and its impacts on society and the state of the climate system. This thesis investigates the utility and limitations of ice core tephrochronology in answering questions related to volcanic source identification of ice core glaciochemical signals, tephrostratigraphy of an Antarctic ice core, and the timing of major and climate forcing eruptions. This thesis explores the efficacy of SEM-EDS measurements on ultra-fine (µm) volcanic particles for the purpose of geochemically characterizing a non-visible ice-embedded tephra and the subsequent identification of the volcanic source. In combination with …


Microplastic Accumulation In The Digestive Tract Of Young-Of-Year Atlantic Sharpnose Sharks (Rhizoprionodon Terraenovae) In The Grand Strand, Sc, Andrew Curtis Sitlinger Dec 2022

Microplastic Accumulation In The Digestive Tract Of Young-Of-Year Atlantic Sharpnose Sharks (Rhizoprionodon Terraenovae) In The Grand Strand, Sc, Andrew Curtis Sitlinger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study focused on the presence and accumulation of microplastic fibers in the digestive tract and livers of young-of-year Atlantic Sharpnose Sharks (Rhizopriondon terraenovae) from two sampling locations along the Grand Strand of South Carolina. R. terraenovae is a small, mesopredatory elasmobranch found abundantly along northwestern Atlantic Ocean coastlines. Thirty specimens of R. terraenovae were collected from May through August of 2020. Microplastics were found in all specimens. A total of 672 plastic particles were identified over the course of the study, with an average of 22.4 ± 10.5 (SD) plastics per specimen. The majority of the plastics were classified …


Silting Dynamics And Metal Contaminants In The Georgetown Inner Harbor, Ezekiel Wil Meyers Dec 2022

Silting Dynamics And Metal Contaminants In The Georgetown Inner Harbor, Ezekiel Wil Meyers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Georgetown inner harbor is an abandoned oxbow-like river loop and a vital historic site with a wealth of traditional businesses and heavy local industry located within Winyah Bay. Since the modification of the Sampit River in 1949, chronic rapid silting has plagued the inner harbor. With these substantial amounts of fine-grained material accumulating inside the inner harbor, business operations along the waterfront, navigational and maritime operations, and contamination within the harbor are of major concern. The goals of this study were to (a) understand the silting dynamics inside the inner harbor, (b) identify heavy metals which might be of …


Next-Generation Sequencing Shows Increasing Temperatures Affect Stream Fungal Communities, Regan Hodgson Dec 2022

Next-Generation Sequencing Shows Increasing Temperatures Affect Stream Fungal Communities, Regan Hodgson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Under climate change predictions, surface air temperature is expected to continue to rise and will likely affect functioning of stream ecosystems and microbial communities. Aquatic hyphomycetes are key fungal decomposers of plant litter in headwater streams controlling carbon, energy, and nutrient flows to higher trophic levels. This project addressed the effects of temperature on stream fungal communities in two recently conducted experiments (microcosm and streamside channel studies) using Illumina sequencing. The objectives were to determine (1) if temperature affects community structure of stream fungi based on relative abundances of ITS2 rDNA sequences, (2) if the effects of temperature on aquatic …


Improving Near Surface Refractivity Estimates In Marine Environments, Sarah Evelyn Wessinger Dec 2022

Improving Near Surface Refractivity Estimates In Marine Environments, Sarah Evelyn Wessinger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study utilizes in-situ measurements and numerical weather prediction datasets collected during the Coupled Air-Sea Processes Electromagnetic Ducting Research East field campaign to assess how thermodynamic properties in the marine atmospheric surface layer influence evaporation duct shape and to develop a simple near-surface modified refractivity estimation method. This study utilizes a logarithmic linear parametric model, which describes evaporation ducts via three main parameters: evaporation duct height, evaporation duct curvature, and mixed layer slope. Notably, most studies utilizing this type of model assume the curvature, C0, to be a theoretical value derived assuming neutral atmospheric stability; a thermodynamic regime that is …


Arctic Sea Ice Loss In The Pacific Sector And Its Impacts On Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events, Jiarong Zhang Dec 2022

Arctic Sea Ice Loss In The Pacific Sector And Its Impacts On Sudden Stratospheric Warming Events, Jiarong Zhang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Arctic sea ice is a critical indicator of climate change. The extent of sea ice coverage over the Arctic Ocean has dramatically declined over the past few decades. The impact has been extensively studied through observations suggesting a linkage between the anomalously warm Arctic surface associated with the Arctic sea ice loss and the mid-latitude surface cooling in the subsequent boreal winter. This linkage could involve the wintertime stratospheric circulation by enhancing the upward planetary wave activity and weakening the polar vortex. With recent advances in climate model, more relevant studies relied on numerical simulations and some suggested that …


Extraction, Analysis, And Comparison Of Microplastics In Sc Marsh Substrates, Austin G. Sige Dec 2022

Extraction, Analysis, And Comparison Of Microplastics In Sc Marsh Substrates, Austin G. Sige

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The global, rapid increase in plastic production is a widespread problem for coastal environments such as marshes that present favorable conditions for plastic retention. This study looked at the microplastic abundance within three previously unstudied South Carolina marshes located in Myrtle Beach, Murrells Inlet, and Waties Island. A comparison between the microplastic types and abundances between locations provided knowledge about the impacts of sediment composition (sand, silt, clay, and organic matter) on microplastic sequestration. This study also produced a novel microplastic extraction methodology for cohesive marsh sediment that used elutriation to effectively break apart aggregates prior to chemical digestion and …


Folic Acid – Carbon Dots – Doxorubicin Nanoparticles As Cancer Theranostic, Michael Tetteh Dec 2022

Folic Acid – Carbon Dots – Doxorubicin Nanoparticles As Cancer Theranostic, Michael Tetteh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This work focused on engineering bi-functionalized nanoparticles (NPs) based on carbon dots (CDs) to improve early cancer detection and treatment. Therefore, using folic acid (FA) as a targeting agent, the CDs were prepared to deliver high concentrations (HC) of doxorubicin (DOX) and gemcitabine (GEM) covalently and non-covalently to cancer cells. The prepared FA-CDs-DOX/GEM-HC NPs were characterized using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Assessment of the drug loading capacity (DLC) and drug loading efficiency (DLE) indicated that the non-covalent NPs have low DLC but high DLE compared to the relatively low DLE and high DLC of covalent …


Fossil Mammals From Hickory Tree Cave, Sullivan County, Tennessee, Alexis Rivera Dec 2022

Fossil Mammals From Hickory Tree Cave, Sullivan County, Tennessee, Alexis Rivera

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Hickory Tree Cave, also known as Big Spring Cave, is located in the southern Appalachians and is known for fossils that are considered to be Quaternary in age. Fossil mammals were identified and assigned to the lowest taxonomical level possible. Most remains are fragmented or digested and it seems likely that various taphonomic processes are responsible for the resulting assemblage. The site lacks the extreme boreal component of Pleistocene cave faunas in the region (e.g. Baker Bluff Cave), with most reported taxa inhabiting Appalachian deciduous forest environments in North America today. While the presence of tapir (Tapirus sp.) …


Using Soil Testing Data To Examine Organic Carbon Changes During The Past 27 Years In Maine Agricultural Soils, Andrew Chase Aug 2022

Using Soil Testing Data To Examine Organic Carbon Changes During The Past 27 Years In Maine Agricultural Soils, Andrew Chase

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Agricultural soils may act as a source or a sink for carbon (C) in the global C cycle. With rising atmospheric CO2 levels, C sequestration in soils may play an important role in climate change mitigation. Soil organic carbon (SOC) also contributes to key aspects of soil health and fertility, such as aggregation, water-holding capacity, microbial biomass, and nutrient mineralization. Although SOC may be calculated from estimates of soil organic matter (SOM) obtained by loss-on-ignition (LOI), factors such as sample clay concentration and combustion temperature introduce error into estimates of SOM. We explored the potential for an extensive collection of …


Stereoselective Synthesis Of Pseudosaccharide Derivative And Bisphosphoramidate Core Of Em2487, Saad Z. Mohammed Ali Aug 2022

Stereoselective Synthesis Of Pseudosaccharide Derivative And Bisphosphoramidate Core Of Em2487, Saad Z. Mohammed Ali

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

HIV is among the leading causes of death worldwide resulting in over 1 million deaths annually according to the World Health Organization. Despite advances in the treatment of HIV, eradicating this pathogen remains a top priority in the medical and scientific communities. EM2487 is a natural product produced by Streptomyces sp. Mer-2487 that possesses promising activity against HIV. Specifically, EM2487 is a potent and selective inhibitor of HIV replication in both acutely and chronically infected cells. The observed HIV activity is hypothesized to be the result of targeting the Tat-TAR (trans-activation response) element which activates RNA polymerase II at the …


3d Computer Modeling Offers New Insights Into Diatom Ecology, Joseph Mohan Aug 2022

3d Computer Modeling Offers New Insights Into Diatom Ecology, Joseph Mohan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Algae supply over half of the Earth’s global primary production and form the base of almost all aquatic food networks. Thus, changes in algal productivity or composition will induce profound shifts in many ecosystems. This research is guided by two questions. Herein I ask if 3D models of algae can be created accurately enough to use for research applications? If they can be accurately created, then how can these models be used to advance our understanding of functional trait evolution and paleoecology? Herein, I develop 3D computer models for estimating the volume of individual algae and their parts. I also …


Simulations Of Coastal Currents, Transport And Population Connectivity Of Blue Mussel (Mytilus Edulis) In The Gulf Of Maine, Denghui Li Aug 2022

Simulations Of Coastal Currents, Transport And Population Connectivity Of Blue Mussel (Mytilus Edulis) In The Gulf Of Maine, Denghui Li

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sections of the coastal Gulf of Maine (GoME) differ in circulation, temperature, salinity, and primary production. These regional differences as well as their temporal changes, together with biological factors, such as the vertical migration, pelagic larval duration, etc., determine marine larval transports, and further affect the population connectivity, and community assembly in the intertidal GoME. To investigate the variations of coastal currents in the GoME, we built a high-resolution circulation model covering the shelf seas from Long Island Sound to the Gulf of St. Lawrence, This model was quantitatively validated with observed sea surface height (SSH), time series of temperature, …


Archaeological Bivalves As El Niño-Southern Oscillation (Enso) Proxies, Frankie St. Amand Aug 2022

Archaeological Bivalves As El Niño-Southern Oscillation (Enso) Proxies, Frankie St. Amand

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a climate phenomenon with periodic events that impact humans in the study area along the North Coast of Peru. In this region, Eastern Pacific and Coastal El Niño events are associated with anomalously high sea surface temperature (SST), reduced upwelling, and heavy precipitation (Grados et al., 2018; Sandweiss et al., 2020). Major changes in ENSO occurred during the Mid- to Late-Holocene, ca. 5.8 and 2.9 ka, resulting in rapid increases in event frequency to modern conditions. To better identify human adaption to changing climate during the Holocene, we must improve our understanding of ENSO. Though …


Microstructural Analysis For Dynamic Pulverization And Asymmetric Damage At The Base Of Seismogenic Strike-Slip Faults, Bo Ra Song Aug 2022

Microstructural Analysis For Dynamic Pulverization And Asymmetric Damage At The Base Of Seismogenic Strike-Slip Faults, Bo Ra Song

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although the mechanics of continental, seismogenic strike-slip faults have been primarily studied around active faults near Earth’s surface, large earthquakes on these faults commonly extend to depths between 10 and 20 km. At the base of seismogenic strike-slip faults, interaction and feedback between coseismic brittle fracturing and post- and interseismic viscous flow affect transient and long-term changes in stress cycling, fluid and heat transport, fault strength, and associated strain localization and deformation mechanisms. A primary goal of my dissertation is to explore the deeper structures of damage zones near the base of the seismogenic zone and to better understand the …


Quantifying Spatial Heterogeneity Of Wild Blueberries And Crop Water Stress Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Technologies, Kallol Barai Aug 2022

Quantifying Spatial Heterogeneity Of Wild Blueberries And Crop Water Stress Monitoring Using Remote Sensing Technologies, Kallol Barai

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The wild blueberry is one of the major crops of Maine, with significant economic value and potential health benefits. Due to global climate change, drought impacts have been increasing significantly in recent years in the northeast region of the USA, causing significant economic losses in the agricultural sectors. It has been predicted to increase further in the future. Changing patterns of the elevated atmospheric temperatures, increased rainfall variabilities, and more frequent drought events have made the wild blueberry industry of Maine vulnerable, suggesting the adoption of novel approaches to mitigate the negative impacts of global climate changes. Also, wild blueberry …


Assessing The Risk Of Land Subsidence In The Lower Limpopo River Basin, Mozambique With Remote Sensing, Gabriella Zuccolotto Aug 2022

Assessing The Risk Of Land Subsidence In The Lower Limpopo River Basin, Mozambique With Remote Sensing, Gabriella Zuccolotto

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Land subsidence is a threat to coastal cities around the world. In the lower Limpopo River Basin, the presence of compaction-prone alluvial sediments, groundwater use, and reports of saltwater intrusion suggest that subsidence could be occurring. Using interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) from Sentinel-1, combined with in-situ sea level and river height measurements, this study aims to determine if land subsidence could contribute to increased saltwater intrusion. InSAR results indicate that subsidence in the lower Limpopo River valley has occurred at an average rate of -2.98 cm/yr based on data from the dry seasons (May to October) of 2017-2021. River …


Social Capital, Indigenous Storytelling, And Fish Diversity: Learning Together Through Community-University Partnerships In Downeast Maine, Michelle De Leon Aug 2022

Social Capital, Indigenous Storytelling, And Fish Diversity: Learning Together Through Community-University Partnerships In Downeast Maine, Michelle De Leon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Not only can community-university partnerships be vehicles for mobilizing community resources and affecting change, they also have high potential to produce useful, nuanced research and enable renewed visions of trust. I explore partnerships rooted in trust in the context of a community-university partnership between the Passamaquoddy Tribe at Sipayik and the University of Maine and its work through the Passamaquoddy-led StoryMaps Team. To accomplish this, I take a transdisciplinary approach to incorporate diverse perspectives on understanding critical and ethical approaches to engagement with Indigenous communities. The central focus among all three chapters is the need for Indigenous communities and institutions …


Remotely Sensed Assessment Of The Preferred Habitat Of Alexandrium Catenella In The Gulf Of Maine And The Bay Of Fundy, Andre F. Bucci Aug 2022

Remotely Sensed Assessment Of The Preferred Habitat Of Alexandrium Catenella In The Gulf Of Maine And The Bay Of Fundy, Andre F. Bucci

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium catenella are an annually recurring problem in the Gulf of Maine (GoM), resulting in risks to human health and substantial economic losses due to shellfish harvesting closures. The monitoring approaches in the region are restricted to real-time identification of the HABs events, when they are clearly underway and already causing deleterious effects to the environment. To fully function as an early warning system rather than an immediate response, monitoring strategies need to be focused on environmental conditions preceding A. catenella HABs. However, the current understanding of the preferred habitat for A. …


Geochemical Characterization Of The Louann Salt, Puma Field, Green Canyon, Gulf Of Mexico Basin – Using Xrf And Xrd, Brian Lesh Aug 2022

Geochemical Characterization Of The Louann Salt, Puma Field, Green Canyon, Gulf Of Mexico Basin – Using Xrf And Xrd, Brian Lesh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The Jurassic-aged Louann Salt is an evaporite sequence deposited in the Gulf of Mexico Basin (GOMB). It is an important component of the GOMB petroleum system and influences the facies pattern in overlying strata and the distribution of petroleum stratigraphic traps. The Louann Salt is composed primarily of halite with intercalated anhydrites and silty or sandy-halite intervals, with overall thicknesses in excess of four kilometers (~13,000 feet). Suture zones occur intermittently within the Louann Salt, formed by the collision of allochthonous evaporite layers. The mineralogy and geochemistry of the suture zones are currently understudied and can be hazardous during drilling …


Soil Salinity And Sodicity Of Galveston And Pelican Islands, Texas, Rachel Murray Aug 2022

Soil Salinity And Sodicity Of Galveston And Pelican Islands, Texas, Rachel Murray

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Galveston Island, Texas, is frequently affected by hurricanes. In 2008, Hurricane Ike inundated much of the island with seawater, causing elevated soil salinity levels that killed much of the vegetation on the island, including tens of thousands of trees. Residual salinity in soils and groundwater has hampered vegetation re-establishment in some areas.

This project aims to create a map product that displays the current soil salinity and sodicity levels on Galveston and Pelican Islands. The existing USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) Galveston County Soil Survey map units were used as a base for the project. ArcGIS Desktop software was …


Intersections Of Environmentalism, Chemistry, And Racism: An Experimental Study Of Halobenzene Hydrogenolysis And Critical Communication Studies Of Equitable Learning Practices Rooted In Black Feminism, Lauren O. Babb Aug 2022

Intersections Of Environmentalism, Chemistry, And Racism: An Experimental Study Of Halobenzene Hydrogenolysis And Critical Communication Studies Of Equitable Learning Practices Rooted In Black Feminism, Lauren O. Babb

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Increasing concentrations of fluorinated aromatic compounds in surface water, groundwater, and soil pose threats to the environment. Fundamental studies that elucidate mechanisms of dehalogenation for C-X compounds (where X represents a halide) are required to develop effective remediation strategies. For halogenated benzenes, previously published research has suggested that the strength of the C-X bond is not rate-determining in the overall rate of dehalogenation. Instead, the rate-determining step has been hypothesized to be adsorption of the C-X compound onto the surface of a catalyst. Building on this hypothesis, in this work, we examine the reaction kinetics of fluorobenzene conversion to benzene, …