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Ewe And Wether Trials - Tools For Benchmarking Your Sheep Genetics, Lock Butler Apr 2006

Ewe And Wether Trials - Tools For Benchmarking Your Sheep Genetics, Lock Butler

Bulletins 4000 -

Research and sheep productivity trial results demonstrate a huge variability in genetic productivity between flocks. For example a range of up to 2 kg clean fleece weight, 5 microns, 55 percentage points in lambing percentage and 20 kg live weight, can lead to big differences in gross margin between flocks.

There is an opportunity for genetic improvement, depending on your current ram source or sires performance. For example, Western Australian (WA) Wether Trial results suggest half the WA flocks could improve clean fleece weight per head by half a kilogram or more. The trial results suggest that this could occur …


Biological Control Of Doublegee, Dane Panetta Jan 1990

Biological Control Of Doublegee, Dane Panetta

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Doublegee (Emex australis) is one of the worst agricultural weeds in Western Australia. To date, however, biological control of this weed has proved elusive. Multiple releases of two weevils which attack doublegee have not led to insect establishment. For one of these species, further research has shown that doublegee control would probably not be achieved in the wheatbelt even if insect establishment were enhanced by growing its host during the summer months. A joint Western Australian Department of Agriculture/ CSIRO project is investigating the virulence and host specificity of an undescribed South African species o/Phomopsis fungus. Should this pathogen prove …


Fungicidal Control Of Wheat Leaf Diseases, A G P Brown Jan 1985

Fungicidal Control Of Wheat Leaf Diseases, A G P Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

In a further experiment on fungicides to protect wheat during flowering and grain fill from Septoria nodorurn at Badgingarra Research Station, rates below 1 litre and lower carrier volumes were compared for the fungicide Tilt applied at Zadoks stage 50. A few other fungicides were also included. At spraying there was a moderate infection by Septoria nodorurn (85% of leaf damage), Septoria tritici (10%) and Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (5%). Good control was obtained with most treatments (Table 1) with only Benlate at 1 kg/ha appearing ineffective when percentage disease was rated on October 10, 1985. At October 17 disease scores differed …


Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases., T. N. Khan, K. Brain, M. Judges, K. J. Young, I. Pritchard, T. Sweeny, J. Hamblyn Jan 1985

Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases., T. N. Khan, K. Brain, M. Judges, K. J. Young, I. Pritchard, T. Sweeny, J. Hamblyn

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

85BA22, 85MT31, 85N053, 85BA24, 85MT32, 85MT32, 85N052, 85N053, 85BA21, 85MT30, 85BA21, 85BA22, 85MT31, 85MT43, 85KA59, 85KA60, 85M29, 85MT44, 85E22, 85ES22, 85ES23, 85N051, 85BA25, 85WH27, 85C65, 85C69, 85C66, 85C67, 8SKA48, 8SMT34, 85KA47, 85MT33, 85M26, 85ME26, 85KA49, 85KA51.

A.General Notes and Highlights

BARLEY FOLIAGE DISEASES

B. Scald: Screening fungicides

c. Scald: Fungicidal control in Northam district

D. Scald: Effect of seeding rate

E. Scald & Mildew Effect of fungicides and rates

F. Scald & Mildew Seed borne infection and seed dressing

G. Scald & Mildew Effect of seed dressing and spraying

H. Scald & Mildew Effect of Erex and Baytan

I. Mildew: …


Subterranean Clover Root Rot. Seed Treatments For Root Rot Control, M J. Barbetti Jan 1985

Subterranean Clover Root Rot. Seed Treatments For Root Rot Control, M J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Subterranean clover root rot. Seed treatments for root rot control. Aim: To test the effectiveness of various seed treatments for control of root rot causing fungi so as to allow successful stand re-establishment – 85AL34, 85BU25, 85BU26, 85W8. Effects of various seed treatments on percent plant survival, tap and lateral root disease indices and on dry weight per plant for the Albany site - 85AL34. Effects of various seed treatments on percent plant survival, tap and lateral root disease indices and on dry weight per plant for the Wokalup site - 85W8. Fungicide drenches for root rot control. Aim: To …


Cercospora Disease Of Subterranean Clover, Root Rot, Cereal Smuts, Rapeseed Diseases, M J. Barbetti Jan 1984

Cercospora Disease Of Subterranean Clover, Root Rot, Cereal Smuts, Rapeseed Diseases, M J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Cercospora disease of subterranean clover: - . Susceptibility to and losses from cercospora on sub-clover cultivars. Locality: Bibby Springs, Cervantes. (84M073, 84M075, 84M076). Subterranean clover root rot: - Seed treatments for root rot control. Locality: Albany (84AL39); Scott River (84 BU11). Fungicide drenches for root rot control. Locality: Perth (84PE22) using intact cores from Albany and Scott River. Cultivar screening for resistance to root rot fungi. Locality: Perth (84PE24) with field plantings at Albany and Scott River. Methyl bromide fumigation for control of sub-clover root rot. Locality: Vasse Research Station (84V15). Two sites. Cereal smuts – Fungicidal control of loose …


Studies On The Effects Of Nutrition And Tillage Systems On Cereal Root Diseases, R F. Brennan Jan 1984

Studies On The Effects Of Nutrition And Tillage Systems On Cereal Root Diseases, R F. Brennan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84N1. 2. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84E2. 3. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84MT4. 4. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84LG1. 5. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Rates and Take-all 83ES41. 6. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Rates and Take-all 83ES42. 7. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Rates and Take-all 83ES43. 8. Micronutrients (Cu, Zn) and Take-all 83ES39. 9. Micronutrients (Cu, Zn) and Take-all 83ES40. 10. Cu Residual on Wheat and Take-all 67E9. 11. Cu Residual on wheat and Take-all 67E8. 12. Take-all and Manganese/Ammonium Interaction 84LG2. 13. Take-all and Manganese/Ammonium Interaction 84MT5. 14. Take-all …


Foliar Disease Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown Jan 1984

Foliar Disease Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Wheat leaf diseases were at much reduced levels in 1984. This may have been caused by prolonged summer rain prematurely setting off dispersal of spores and also initiating microbiological breakdown of stubble residues. No survey was carried out in 1984 but a good indication of the seasonal effect can be gained by noting that in the spray-timing experiment at Badgingarra disease levels were extremely low until the end of August some 90 days after sowing. Timing of fungicide for Septoria and Yellow Spot control. 84BA32, 84GE59. Effect of Yellow-spot at Merredin (with S. Trevenen) 84ME57. Yellow-spot is common though not …


Control Of Black Spot; Peas, Potatoes, Lettuce, Eleanor M. Carter Jan 1984

Control Of Black Spot; Peas, Potatoes, Lettuce, Eleanor M. Carter

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Please find attached summaries for all experiments completed as at February 1, 1985. Crop Trial number Title Status Peas - 84MT49 Control of black spot Completed. Potatoes - 84PE25 Varietal susceptibility - Powdery scab Completed 84MD46 Varietal susceptibility to soft rot Erwinia Completed 84PE31 Yield loss and disease damage of potatoes due to Erwinia species Aborted 84MD37, 84PE32, 84PE33: Incidence of soft rot Erwinia in potato/cauliflower rotations Completed 84MN31 Yield loss and disease damage of potatoes due to Erwinia species Continuing 84MN32 Varietal susceptibility to soft rot Erwinia Continuing 84MN33 Incidence of soft rot Erwinia in potato crops Continuing Lettuce …


Pleiochaeta Soil Survey, M Sweetingham Jan 1984

Pleiochaeta Soil Survey, M Sweetingham

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Pleiochaeta soil survey - Moora District, March 1984. 2. Lupin root rot trials - 84A40, 84BA26, 84GE50, 84GE56, 84MO82, 85NO59, 84WH28. 3. Fungicides for Rhizoctonia patch control - 84E25, 84E28. 4. 83WH29 : Effect of rotation on wheat diseases. 5. Root disease in long term wheat-lupin rotation trials - 68E5, 79GE37, 80TS2, 81LG29, 82M26.


Brown Spot Of Lupins, P Mcr Wood Jan 1984

Brown Spot Of Lupins, P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicide treatment of lupin seed - 84WH34. Effect of cereal stubble treatment on brown spot - 84WH27. Effect of Rovral sprays on brown spot - 84N056, 84NO57. Effect of sowing date and seed treatment - 84BA26, 84WH28. The effect of Rovral seed treatment on brown spot on farmers' lupin crops. Site: Three Springs, Marchagee, North Gabin, Wannamal.


Take-All Of Cereals. Rhizoctonia Patch Of Cereals, G C. Macnish Jan 1984

Take-All Of Cereals. Rhizoctonia Patch Of Cereals, G C. Macnish

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Part 1. A. Take all of cereals: Effect of nitrogen sources on take-all. 76LG25 (N = 50kg/ha) 82NE34. 77E4 (N = 25kg/ha). 77MT19 (N = 45 kg/ha). B. RHIZOCTONIA PATCH OF CEREALS: Rhizoctonia patch on lupins - 82E17. Abbreviations used: D - Drilled with seed G.S. - Growth stage based on H. Fisher scale NA - Not available N – Nitrogen P - Phosphorus TA - Take-all TD - Topdressed D.D. - Direct drilled T.D.D. - Triple disc drill As - Ammonium sulphate An - Ammonium nitrate (Agran 34) Sn - Sodium nitrate Ag1 - Agras No. 1 Ag2 - …


Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges, N Sartori, K. Young, G Luke Jan 1984

Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges, N Sartori, K. Young, G Luke

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

A. Experimental Notes. Barley foliage diseases: B. Scald: Effect of various fungicides. c. Scald: Response of cultivars to fungicides. D. Scald: Effect of seeding rate on infection and yield. E. Scald: Testing of fungicides S3308L. F. Net blotch: Potential yield losses. G. Net blotch: Screening fungicides. H. Spot type net blotch: Simulated stubble retention. I. Spot type net blotch: Potential yield losses. J. Powdery mildew: Effect of simulated stubble retention. K. Powdery mildew: Time of fungicide application. L. Powdery mildew: Comparing fungicides. M. Powdery mildew: Testing fungicide S3308L. N. Powdery mildew: Response to Erex in farmer's crops. o. Disease development …


Foliar Diseases Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown Jan 1983

Foliar Diseases Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Leaf disease in the wheatbelt. Wheat leaf diseases were common north of Perth. They were severe in the Moora district and catastrophic in the northern wheatbelt. Yellow spot (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) and glume blotch (Septoria nodorum) were the major pathogens in most areas with yellow spot exceeding glume blotch in area of leaf affected for the first time since surveys began in 1971. In the south dry conditions prevailed and diseases were hard to find. Figure 1 gives the distribution in the various zones for 1983 excluding the Esperance district which was not surveyed. Stress damage induced mostly by water stress …


Barley Foliage Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges Jan 1983

Barley Foliage Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

General comments and highlights

Scald: Effect of time of application - 83BA10, 83MT9.

Scald: Effect of rate of fungicide – 83BA11.

Scald: Comparing fungicides – 83BA42.

Scald: Effect of seeding rate – 83BA12, 83MT10.

Scald: Response to fungicide in farmer's field – 83AL18, 83AL81, 83AL82.

Scald: Variation in pathogenicity – 83AB11, 83BA13, 83MT11, 83WH7.

Scald: Cultivar x fungicide in farmer's field – 83LG63.

Net Blotch: Potential yield losses – 83A15, 83BA15, 83WH6.

Net Blotch: Screening new fungicides – 83BA43.

Spot-type net blotch: Potential yield losses – 83C5.

Spot-type net blotch: Sources of resistance - Chapman Research Station, Nabawa.

Powdery mildew …


Plant Viruses, G D. Mclean Jan 1983

Plant Viruses, G D. Mclean

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Alfalfa mosaic virus: incidence in white clover. McLean, G.D., Weir, J.A., Russell, W.K., Speijers, E.J. and Price, L.K. - 83HA30, 83HA31, 83HA32, 83HA33, 83HA34, 83HA35, 83HA36, 83HA37, 83HA38, 83HA39. 2. Alfalfa mosaic virus: re-infection in white clover. McLean, G.D., Weir, J.A., Russell, W.K., Price, L.K. and Speijers, E.J. – 83HA43, 43HA44, 43HA45, 43HA46, 83HA47, 83HA48, 83HA49, 83HA50, 83HA51, 83HA52. 3. Lettuce necrotic yellows virus: incidence. McLean, G.D., Phillips, D.R., Speijers, E.J. Sandow, J.S. and Price, L.K. – 83PE21, 83PE22, 83PE23, 83PE24, 83PE25, 83PE26, 83PE27, 83PE28, 83PE29, 83PE30.


Lupin Diseases, P Mcr Wood Jan 1983

Lupin Diseases, P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicide treatment of lupin seed - 83GE45, 83GE46, 83GE47. Fungicide treatment of lupin seed in polyculture - 83NO48, 83BU21. Levels of Pleiochaeta in different organic fractions - 83AL51 (2 sites). Phomopsis levels on post-harvest samples - 83AL51.


Chemical Efficacy Trials, E Carter Jan 1983

Chemical Efficacy Trials, E Carter

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Please find attached summaries for the following six chemical efficacy trials:- 83PE51 - Control of powdery scab of potatoes. 83MD7 - Control of early blight of tomatoes. 83MD11 - Control of sclerotinia in lettuce. 83MD12 - Control of secondary black rot in cabbage. 83MD13 - Control of tuber-borne Rhizoctonia solari of potatoes. 83MD14 - Control of downy mildew of onions. The following trial has not yet been harvested:- 83MD15 - Chemical control of onion smudge.


Survey Of Fungi Associated With Diseased Lupin Roots, M Sweetingham Jan 1983

Survey Of Fungi Associated With Diseased Lupin Roots, M Sweetingham

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Survey of fungi associated with diseased lupin-roots. Cylindrocarpon was only encountered on the south coast (Albany and Esperance districts). The isolates were identified as c. didymum and c. destructans. At certain sites in the two northern districts (Geraldton and Moora) a distinct type of disorder, characterised by reddish-brown coloured lesions which develop on the below ground portion of the hypocotyl, was observed. 2. Assessment of lupin root disease in lupin permanent disease nurseries – 78WH20, 78BA51, 78C34, 78MT38, 80E21. 3. Effect of fungicide drenches on lupin root rots – 83MT17, 83WH9. 4. Mini plot seed treatment trials on lupins …


Summary Of Medic-Rhizobium Field Experiments, J G. Howieson Jan 1983

Summary Of Medic-Rhizobium Field Experiments, J G. Howieson

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

83ME9 - Nutrition of R. meliloti in acid soil. - Meaningful results only available in 1984/85 Summary of Medic-Rhizobium Field Experiments 1983/84. 83ME87 - Effect of pH of culture conditions on survival in, and colonisation of, an acid soil by R. meliloti. - Meaningful results available 1984/85. (82ME22, 82ME22A, 82ME23) Survival and colonisation of acid soils by 18 strains of R. meliloti in association with 6 Medicago hosts. - Results discussed in this summary.


Foliar Diseases Of Wheat., A. G.P. Brown Jan 1982

Foliar Diseases Of Wheat., A. G.P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Leaf diseases in the wheatbelt. Fungicides to control Septoria nodorum. Fungicide rate. Fungicides on yellow spot. Effect of stubble residues on septoria. Septoria: economic control on farm crops. 82Ba38 82BA37


Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P M. Wood Jan 1982

Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P M. Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin diseases, 82 TS 30, 82 TS 29, 82 TS 28, 82 GE 24, 82 ME 45, 82 ME 46, 82 BR 20,


Loose Smut Of Barley. Sub-Clover Root Rot. Rapeseed Diseases., M. J. Barbetti Jan 1981

Loose Smut Of Barley. Sub-Clover Root Rot. Rapeseed Diseases., M. J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Loose smut of barley. Fungicidal control of loose smut in barley – 81MT31, 81NA29. Sub-clover root rot. Fungicidal control of pythium sp – 81AL37, 81BU3. Rapeseed diseases. 1. Rapeseed varieties/Lancelin blackleg strain – 81MO24. 2. Rapeseed varieties/Sclerotinia disease – 81MT32. 3. White leaf spot and grey stem of rapeseed – 81MT33.


Barley Disease, Scald, Spot Type Net Blotch, Powdery Mildew, Leaf Diseases, Double Cropping, Resistance Of Cvt Barley, T N. Khan Jan 1981

Barley Disease, Scald, Spot Type Net Blotch, Powdery Mildew, Leaf Diseases, Double Cropping, Resistance Of Cvt Barley, T N. Khan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

I. Barley disease survey and an unidentified disorder on forrest barley. II. Scald: crop loss assessment – 81BA20, 81A17, 81MT23, 81WH30, 81A17, 81BA20, 81MT23, 81WH30, III. Scald: epidemics in simulated populations segregating for scald resistance – 81BA22, 81MT25, 81BA22, 81MT25. IV. Scald: reactions in single plant and hill plots – 81MT24, 81MT21, 81BA21, V. Spot type net blotch: crop loss assessment – 81C17. VI. Net blotch: effect of grazing on infection levels – 81A20. VII. Powdery mildew: crop loss assessment – 81PE5. VIII. Value of whole plot scores in assessing leaf diseases. IX. Disease and yield in simulated double cropping …


Septoria Diseases Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown Jan 1981

Septoria Diseases Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Effect of stubble on septoria infection. Avondale, Badgingarra, Chapman, Esperance, Kojonup, Mt Barker, Newdegate, Wongan - 81BA47, 81BA48.


Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P Mcr Wood Jan 1981

Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Summary of experimental results, 1981. Geraldton: Brown spot (Pleiochaeta setosa) was widespread. Root rots were not considered generally to be a problem in 1981.Three Springs: Fungal root rots were commonly observed. Brown spot leaf and stem infection was also prevalent. Moora: Brown spot was the most prevalent. Northam: Crops were generally healthy. Albany: Crops were generally healthy Sclerotinia being present. Bridgetown: Brown spot was the main disease present. Root rots were also present. In December, a widespread disorder occurred, Late brown spot infection is suspected. An important point emerging from the programme is that often the lines showing Phomopsis resistance …


Clover Scorch Fungicide Trials, Cercospora Leaf Spot, Facial Eczema Investigation., A Bokor Jan 1981

Clover Scorch Fungicide Trials, Cercospora Leaf Spot, Facial Eczema Investigation., A Bokor

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Clover scorch fungicide trials – 81AL33, 81D8. Cercospora leaf spot – 81AL35. Facial eczema investigation - In W.A. a serious outbreak of this disease has occurred on mixtures of annual and perennial species in the autumn.


Screening Of Clovers For Resistance To Clover Scorch, D. L. Chatel Jan 1980

Screening Of Clovers For Resistance To Clover Scorch, D. L. Chatel

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Clover Scorch (Jointly with Dr C.M. Francis). One thousand four hundred and seventy six legumes were screened in the field at the Denmark Research Station for susceptibility to clover scorch. They comprised 1440 subterranean clovers, eight other Trifoliums, two medics and 26 serradellas. The clovers from Australia gave interesting results. Thirty four of them were selections of Seaton Park, chosen by R.C. Rossiter and W. J. Collins on the basis of their variation. They did not differ in their reaction to clover scorch; all gave rating of 9. Twenty-six lines of Woogenellup from W.A. and 12 of Woogenellup and Morrar …


Legume Diseases, P Mcr Wood Jan 1980

Legume Diseases, P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin root disorder. Resistance to lupins to Phomopsis leptostromiformis (Fungal ratings by P. McR. Wood and F.M. O'Donnell, data compiled by J. Hamblin, Plant Production Division) Phomopsis levels on any particular genotype are influenced by environment. Therefore material selected for Phomopsis resistance is done so on its being better than average over all sites. Data for the Plant Breeders' S2-l trial at Avondale (ARS), Badgingarra (BRS), Chapman (CRS), Esperance (ERS) and Mt. Barker (MTRS) are shown in Table 3.


Screening Of Clovers For Resistance To Clover Scorch, D L. Chatel Jan 1979

Screening Of Clovers For Resistance To Clover Scorch, D L. Chatel

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

One thousand one hundred and seventy clover cultivars, varieties and crossbreds were screened in the field for susceptibility to the clover scorch disease fungus.