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Pulse And Canola Frost Identification:The Back Pocket Guide, Craig White Jun 2000

Pulse And Canola Frost Identification:The Back Pocket Guide, Craig White

Bulletins 4000 -

This field guide will help you identify the common symptoms of frost damage in pulse and canola crops. It also contains pictures of other plant symptoms often confused with frost damage in these crops.

Frost damage reduces crop yield and grain quality. Early identification of symptoms allows timely crop salvage decisions to be made.

Inspect pulse and canola crops between bud formation and during pod growth if right air temperature (recorded 1.2 m above ground) falls below 2 degrees celsius and there was a frost.

Check low lying, light coloured soil types and known frost prone areas first. Then check …


High Input Barley Production Systems In The High Rainfall Zone., G. J. Parlevliet Jan 1987

High Input Barley Production Systems In The High Rainfall Zone., G. J. Parlevliet

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Barley systems in the high rainfall zone effect of nitrogen fungicides and seeding rate on barley yield, 87BR2.


Long Season Wheat, W. R. Smith, K. Anderson Jan 1987

Long Season Wheat, W. R. Smith, K. Anderson

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Agronomy of long season wheats, 87AL9, 87AL10, 87ES3, 87ES4, 87JE2, 87JE3, 87MT8, 87MT9 and 87NA9. Septoria control in long season wheat, 87E4 and 87MT10. Nitrogen response by long season wheat, 87ES5 and 87JE4. Phenology of long season wheats, 87E5 and 87MT11.


Grain Legumes Evaluation., G. H. Walton, T. R. Trent Jan 1987

Grain Legumes Evaluation., G. H. Walton, T. R. Trent

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin agronomy, 87AL14. Nitrogen fertilizer for legume crops, 87BA2. Pea variety evaluation, 87C59, 87M08, 87ME1, 87N012, 87SG8, 87KA7, 87N2. Interstate pea variety trials, 87N096, 87N099, 87KA6. Disease Resistance Pea Variety Testing, 87JE1. Grain legume species comparisons, 87A2, 87C2, 87KA37, 87M09, 87MA1, 87NA15. Legume species variety trials, 87LG2. Faba bean evaluation, 87MC34 and 87KA8. Faba bean 'synthetic' variety yield trial, 87MC36. Faba bean screening nursery, 87MC35. Preliminary agronomy of faba bean, chickpea and lentil, 87A21. Seeding date, 87A22. Legume species herbicide tolerance, 87KA82.


Fungicide Testing, M. J. Barbetti Jan 1986

Fungicide Testing, M. J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicidal control of Phoma blackstem disease in medic, 86 KA 11. Medic cultivar susceptibility to Phoma blackstem disease, 85 KA 56. Role of Phoma seed infection in medic, 85 KA 57. Effect of soil pasteurization on damage caused by six fungal root pathogens, 86 PE 53. Susceptibility of 18 sub-clover cultivars to isolates of the clover scorch fungus, Kabatiella caulivora, 86 PE 54. Effect of plant age or growth stage of subterranean clover on susceptibility to infection by the clover scorch fungus, Kabatiella caulivora, 86 PE 55. Susceptibility of rapeseed lines to blackleg crown canker, 86 MT 1, 86 MT …


Lupin Root Rot, Lupin Hypocotyl Rot, Rhizoctonia Coleoptile Rot Of Wheat, Rhizoctonia Root Rots In Long Term Wheat-Pasture Rotation Trials., M. Sweetingham Jan 1986

Lupin Root Rot, Lupin Hypocotyl Rot, Rhizoctonia Coleoptile Rot Of Wheat, Rhizoctonia Root Rots In Long Term Wheat-Pasture Rotation Trials., M. Sweetingham

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin Root Rot: 86Cl4, 86WH15, 86ME85, 86LG63, 85C63, 86WH14. Lupin Hypocotyl rot, 86BA49, 86BA21. Rhizoctonia coleoptile rot of wheat, 86BA19, 86BA20 Rhizoctonia root rots in long term wheat-pasture rotation trials.


Subterranean Clover Root Rot. Seed Treatments For Root Rot Control, M J. Barbetti Jan 1985

Subterranean Clover Root Rot. Seed Treatments For Root Rot Control, M J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Subterranean clover root rot. Seed treatments for root rot control. Aim: To test the effectiveness of various seed treatments for control of root rot causing fungi so as to allow successful stand re-establishment – 85AL34, 85BU25, 85BU26, 85W8. Effects of various seed treatments on percent plant survival, tap and lateral root disease indices and on dry weight per plant for the Albany site - 85AL34. Effects of various seed treatments on percent plant survival, tap and lateral root disease indices and on dry weight per plant for the Wokalup site - 85W8. Fungicide drenches for root rot control. Aim: To …


Low Tillering Cereals, Early Maturity Of Cereals, Cereal Variety And Reduced Branching Lupins., R. Delane, J. Hamblin Jan 1985

Low Tillering Cereals, Early Maturity Of Cereals, Cereal Variety And Reduced Branching Lupins., R. Delane, J. Hamblin

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Trial 85C62 - growth and water use of low tillering cereals. Trial 85C62 - yield potential of low tillering cereals. Trial WEUNI - response of low tillering breeding lines and standard varieties to sowing rate. Trial 85C45 - effect of flowering date, seeding rate, deep tillage and applied nitrogen on yield of barley. Trial 85C61 - wheat variety x management interaction on sandplain. Trial 85C55 - growth and water use of reduced branching lupins. Trial 85C56 - normal and reduced branching lupins - planting density response.


Effect Of Soil Type On Relative Crop Yields, Effect Of Seeding Time On Pea And Lupin Yields, Effect Of Seeding Rate On Field Pea Yields, Studies In Legume Nodulation And Response Of Cereals In The Year Following Legumes., R. French Jan 1985

Effect Of Soil Type On Relative Crop Yields, Effect Of Seeding Time On Pea And Lupin Yields, Effect Of Seeding Rate On Field Pea Yields, Studies In Legume Nodulation And Response Of Cereals In The Year Following Legumes., R. French

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Trials 85M36, 85M37, 85M38, 85M39. Trials 8SJE17, 85KA62, 85N20, 85ME42, 85ME43, 85ME44, 85WH48. Trials 85KA63, 85M33. Trials 85M32, 85M34, 85M35. Trials 84M50, 84M51, 84M52.


Barley Agronomy., K. J. Young, B. R. Wylde, B. Raszyk, T. N. Khan Jan 1985

Barley Agronomy., K. J. Young, B. R. Wylde, B. Raszyk, T. N. Khan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Barley foliar diseases, effect on nitrogen response, 85ES25, 85E24, 85E25, 85MT37, 85ES29, 85MT38, 85E26, 85ES32, 85ES31, 85ES30, 85ES26, 85ES24, 85ES27, 85ES28, 85ES34, 85M27, 85SG27, 85MT42, 85C70,


Fungicidal Control Of Wheat Leaf Diseases, A G P Brown Jan 1985

Fungicidal Control Of Wheat Leaf Diseases, A G P Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

In a further experiment on fungicides to protect wheat during flowering and grain fill from Septoria nodorurn at Badgingarra Research Station, rates below 1 litre and lower carrier volumes were compared for the fungicide Tilt applied at Zadoks stage 50. A few other fungicides were also included. At spraying there was a moderate infection by Septoria nodorurn (85% of leaf damage), Septoria tritici (10%) and Pyrenophora tritici-repentis (5%). Good control was obtained with most treatments (Table 1) with only Benlate at 1 kg/ha appearing ineffective when percentage disease was rated on October 10, 1985. At October 17 disease scores differed …


Cercospora Disease Of Subterranean Clover, Root Rot, Cereal Smuts, Rapeseed Diseases, M J. Barbetti Jan 1984

Cercospora Disease Of Subterranean Clover, Root Rot, Cereal Smuts, Rapeseed Diseases, M J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Cercospora disease of subterranean clover: - . Susceptibility to and losses from cercospora on sub-clover cultivars. Locality: Bibby Springs, Cervantes. (84M073, 84M075, 84M076). Subterranean clover root rot: - Seed treatments for root rot control. Locality: Albany (84AL39); Scott River (84 BU11). Fungicide drenches for root rot control. Locality: Perth (84PE22) using intact cores from Albany and Scott River. Cultivar screening for resistance to root rot fungi. Locality: Perth (84PE24) with field plantings at Albany and Scott River. Methyl bromide fumigation for control of sub-clover root rot. Locality: Vasse Research Station (84V15). Two sites. Cereal smuts – Fungicidal control of loose …


Studies On The Effects Of Nutrition And Tillage Systems On Cereal Root Diseases, R F. Brennan Jan 1984

Studies On The Effects Of Nutrition And Tillage Systems On Cereal Root Diseases, R F. Brennan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84N1. 2. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84E2. 3. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84MT4. 4. Split Applications of Nitrogen and Take-all 84LG1. 5. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Rates and Take-all 83ES41. 6. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Rates and Take-all 83ES42. 7. Nitrogen and Phosphorus Rates and Take-all 83ES43. 8. Micronutrients (Cu, Zn) and Take-all 83ES39. 9. Micronutrients (Cu, Zn) and Take-all 83ES40. 10. Cu Residual on Wheat and Take-all 67E9. 11. Cu Residual on wheat and Take-all 67E8. 12. Take-all and Manganese/Ammonium Interaction 84LG2. 13. Take-all and Manganese/Ammonium Interaction 84MT5. 14. Take-all …


Foliar Disease Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown Jan 1984

Foliar Disease Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Wheat leaf diseases were at much reduced levels in 1984. This may have been caused by prolonged summer rain prematurely setting off dispersal of spores and also initiating microbiological breakdown of stubble residues. No survey was carried out in 1984 but a good indication of the seasonal effect can be gained by noting that in the spray-timing experiment at Badgingarra disease levels were extremely low until the end of August some 90 days after sowing. Timing of fungicide for Septoria and Yellow Spot control. 84BA32, 84GE59. Effect of Yellow-spot at Merredin (with S. Trevenen) 84ME57. Yellow-spot is common though not …


Control Of Black Spot; Peas, Potatoes, Lettuce, Eleanor M. Carter Jan 1984

Control Of Black Spot; Peas, Potatoes, Lettuce, Eleanor M. Carter

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Please find attached summaries for all experiments completed as at February 1, 1985. Crop Trial number Title Status Peas - 84MT49 Control of black spot Completed. Potatoes - 84PE25 Varietal susceptibility - Powdery scab Completed 84MD46 Varietal susceptibility to soft rot Erwinia Completed 84PE31 Yield loss and disease damage of potatoes due to Erwinia species Aborted 84MD37, 84PE32, 84PE33: Incidence of soft rot Erwinia in potato/cauliflower rotations Completed 84MN31 Yield loss and disease damage of potatoes due to Erwinia species Continuing 84MN32 Varietal susceptibility to soft rot Erwinia Continuing 84MN33 Incidence of soft rot Erwinia in potato crops Continuing Lettuce …


Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges, N Sartori, K. Young, G Luke Jan 1984

Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges, N Sartori, K. Young, G Luke

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

A. Experimental Notes. Barley foliage diseases: B. Scald: Effect of various fungicides. c. Scald: Response of cultivars to fungicides. D. Scald: Effect of seeding rate on infection and yield. E. Scald: Testing of fungicides S3308L. F. Net blotch: Potential yield losses. G. Net blotch: Screening fungicides. H. Spot type net blotch: Simulated stubble retention. I. Spot type net blotch: Potential yield losses. J. Powdery mildew: Effect of simulated stubble retention. K. Powdery mildew: Time of fungicide application. L. Powdery mildew: Comparing fungicides. M. Powdery mildew: Testing fungicide S3308L. N. Powdery mildew: Response to Erex in farmer's crops. o. Disease development …


Take-All Of Cereals. Rhizoctonia Patch Of Cereals, G C. Macnish Jan 1984

Take-All Of Cereals. Rhizoctonia Patch Of Cereals, G C. Macnish

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Part 1. A. Take all of cereals: Effect of nitrogen sources on take-all. 76LG25 (N = 50kg/ha) 82NE34. 77E4 (N = 25kg/ha). 77MT19 (N = 45 kg/ha). B. RHIZOCTONIA PATCH OF CEREALS: Rhizoctonia patch on lupins - 82E17. Abbreviations used: D - Drilled with seed G.S. - Growth stage based on H. Fisher scale NA - Not available N – Nitrogen P - Phosphorus TA - Take-all TD - Topdressed D.D. - Direct drilled T.D.D. - Triple disc drill As - Ammonium sulphate An - Ammonium nitrate (Agran 34) Sn - Sodium nitrate Ag1 - Agras No. 1 Ag2 - …


Pleiochaeta Soil Survey, M Sweetingham Jan 1984

Pleiochaeta Soil Survey, M Sweetingham

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Pleiochaeta soil survey - Moora District, March 1984. 2. Lupin root rot trials - 84A40, 84BA26, 84GE50, 84GE56, 84MO82, 85NO59, 84WH28. 3. Fungicides for Rhizoctonia patch control - 84E25, 84E28. 4. 83WH29 : Effect of rotation on wheat diseases. 5. Root disease in long term wheat-lupin rotation trials - 68E5, 79GE37, 80TS2, 81LG29, 82M26.


Brown Spot Of Lupins, P Mcr Wood Jan 1984

Brown Spot Of Lupins, P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicide treatment of lupin seed - 84WH34. Effect of cereal stubble treatment on brown spot - 84WH27. Effect of Rovral sprays on brown spot - 84N056, 84NO57. Effect of sowing date and seed treatment - 84BA26, 84WH28. The effect of Rovral seed treatment on brown spot on farmers' lupin crops. Site: Three Springs, Marchagee, North Gabin, Wannamal.


Foliar Diseases Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown Jan 1983

Foliar Diseases Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Leaf disease in the wheatbelt. Wheat leaf diseases were common north of Perth. They were severe in the Moora district and catastrophic in the northern wheatbelt. Yellow spot (Pyrenophora tritici-repentis) and glume blotch (Septoria nodorum) were the major pathogens in most areas with yellow spot exceeding glume blotch in area of leaf affected for the first time since surveys began in 1971. In the south dry conditions prevailed and diseases were hard to find. Figure 1 gives the distribution in the various zones for 1983 excluding the Esperance district which was not surveyed. Stress damage induced mostly by water stress …


Chemical Efficacy Trials, E Carter Jan 1983

Chemical Efficacy Trials, E Carter

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Please find attached summaries for the following six chemical efficacy trials:- 83PE51 - Control of powdery scab of potatoes. 83MD7 - Control of early blight of tomatoes. 83MD11 - Control of sclerotinia in lettuce. 83MD12 - Control of secondary black rot in cabbage. 83MD13 - Control of tuber-borne Rhizoctonia solari of potatoes. 83MD14 - Control of downy mildew of onions. The following trial has not yet been harvested:- 83MD15 - Chemical control of onion smudge.


Barley Foliage Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges Jan 1983

Barley Foliage Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

General comments and highlights

Scald: Effect of time of application - 83BA10, 83MT9.

Scald: Effect of rate of fungicide – 83BA11.

Scald: Comparing fungicides – 83BA42.

Scald: Effect of seeding rate – 83BA12, 83MT10.

Scald: Response to fungicide in farmer's field – 83AL18, 83AL81, 83AL82.

Scald: Variation in pathogenicity – 83AB11, 83BA13, 83MT11, 83WH7.

Scald: Cultivar x fungicide in farmer's field – 83LG63.

Net Blotch: Potential yield losses – 83A15, 83BA15, 83WH6.

Net Blotch: Screening new fungicides – 83BA43.

Spot-type net blotch: Potential yield losses – 83C5.

Spot-type net blotch: Sources of resistance - Chapman Research Station, Nabawa.

Powdery mildew …


Survey Of Fungi Associated With Diseased Lupin Roots, M Sweetingham Jan 1983

Survey Of Fungi Associated With Diseased Lupin Roots, M Sweetingham

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Survey of fungi associated with diseased lupin-roots. Cylindrocarpon was only encountered on the south coast (Albany and Esperance districts). The isolates were identified as c. didymum and c. destructans. At certain sites in the two northern districts (Geraldton and Moora) a distinct type of disorder, characterised by reddish-brown coloured lesions which develop on the below ground portion of the hypocotyl, was observed. 2. Assessment of lupin root disease in lupin permanent disease nurseries – 78WH20, 78BA51, 78C34, 78MT38, 80E21. 3. Effect of fungicide drenches on lupin root rots – 83MT17, 83WH9. 4. Mini plot seed treatment trials on lupins …


Lupin Diseases, P Mcr Wood Jan 1983

Lupin Diseases, P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicide treatment of lupin seed - 83GE45, 83GE46, 83GE47. Fungicide treatment of lupin seed in polyculture - 83NO48, 83BU21. Levels of Pleiochaeta in different organic fractions - 83AL51 (2 sites). Phomopsis levels on post-harvest samples - 83AL51.


Summary Of Medic-Rhizobium Field Experiments, J G. Howieson Jan 1983

Summary Of Medic-Rhizobium Field Experiments, J G. Howieson

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

83ME9 - Nutrition of R. meliloti in acid soil. - Meaningful results only available in 1984/85 Summary of Medic-Rhizobium Field Experiments 1983/84. 83ME87 - Effect of pH of culture conditions on survival in, and colonisation of, an acid soil by R. meliloti. - Meaningful results available 1984/85. (82ME22, 82ME22A, 82ME23) Survival and colonisation of acid soils by 18 strains of R. meliloti in association with 6 Medicago hosts. - Results discussed in this summary.


Plant Viruses, G D. Mclean Jan 1983

Plant Viruses, G D. Mclean

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

1. Alfalfa mosaic virus: incidence in white clover. McLean, G.D., Weir, J.A., Russell, W.K., Speijers, E.J. and Price, L.K. - 83HA30, 83HA31, 83HA32, 83HA33, 83HA34, 83HA35, 83HA36, 83HA37, 83HA38, 83HA39. 2. Alfalfa mosaic virus: re-infection in white clover. McLean, G.D., Weir, J.A., Russell, W.K., Price, L.K. and Speijers, E.J. – 83HA43, 43HA44, 43HA45, 43HA46, 83HA47, 83HA48, 83HA49, 83HA50, 83HA51, 83HA52. 3. Lettuce necrotic yellows virus: incidence. McLean, G.D., Phillips, D.R., Speijers, E.J. Sandow, J.S. and Price, L.K. – 83PE21, 83PE22, 83PE23, 83PE24, 83PE25, 83PE26, 83PE27, 83PE28, 83PE29, 83PE30.


Summary Of Experiments., T. N. Khan, K. Brain, G. Oldfield Jan 1982

Summary Of Experiments., T. N. Khan, K. Brain, G. Oldfield

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

(I) General comments and highlights. (II) Scald: Fungicidal control. 82BA21, 82E18, 82MT19, 82WH23, 82WH23. (III) Scald: Opportunity trial on fungicidal control. 82AL85, 82BA22, 82MT20. (IV) Scald: Epidemic in segregating populations. (V) Scald: Host reaction in hill plots and single plants. 82MT21, 82BA23, (VI) Scald: Seeding rate in evaluating cultivars for resistance. 82MT22, (VII) Net-type net blotch: Screening fungicides. 82BA25, 82KA25. (VIII) Net-type net blotch: Reactions in single plants and hill plots. 82A3, 82BA26. (IX) Spot-type net blotch: Screening fungicides. 82C16. (X) Spot-type net blotch: Potential yield losses. 82C14, 82C15. (XI) Effect of simulated stubble mulching on disease and yield. 82BA36, …


Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P M. Wood Jan 1982

Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P M. Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin diseases, 82 TS 30, 82 TS 29, 82 TS 28, 82 GE 24, 82 ME 45, 82 ME 46, 82 BR 20,


Loose Smut Of Barley. Sub-Clover Root Rot. Rapeseed Diseases., M. J. Barbetti Jan 1981

Loose Smut Of Barley. Sub-Clover Root Rot. Rapeseed Diseases., M. J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Loose smut of barley. Fungicidal control of loose smut in barley – 81MT31, 81NA29. Sub-clover root rot. Fungicidal control of pythium sp – 81AL37, 81BU3. Rapeseed diseases. 1. Rapeseed varieties/Lancelin blackleg strain – 81MO24. 2. Rapeseed varieties/Sclerotinia disease – 81MT32. 3. White leaf spot and grey stem of rapeseed – 81MT33.


Clover Scorch Fungicide Trials, Cercospora Leaf Spot, Facial Eczema Investigation., A Bokor Jan 1981

Clover Scorch Fungicide Trials, Cercospora Leaf Spot, Facial Eczema Investigation., A Bokor

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Clover scorch fungicide trials – 81AL33, 81D8. Cercospora leaf spot – 81AL35. Facial eczema investigation - In W.A. a serious outbreak of this disease has occurred on mixtures of annual and perennial species in the autumn.