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Full-Text Articles in Organisms

Sampling Local Fungal Diversity In An Undergraduate Laboratory Using Dna Barcoding, A. H. Harrington, A. F. Bigott, B. W. Anderson, M. J. Boone, S. M. Brick, J. F. Delsol, R. A. Hotchkiss, R. A. Huddleston, E. H. Kasper, J. J. Mcgrady, M. L. Mckinnie, M. V. Ottenlips, N. E. Skinner, K. C. Spatz, A. J. Steinberg, F. Van Den Broek, C. N. Wilson, A. M. Wofford, A. M. Willyard Jan 2014

Sampling Local Fungal Diversity In An Undergraduate Laboratory Using Dna Barcoding, A. H. Harrington, A. F. Bigott, B. W. Anderson, M. J. Boone, S. M. Brick, J. F. Delsol, R. A. Hotchkiss, R. A. Huddleston, E. H. Kasper, J. J. Mcgrady, M. L. Mckinnie, M. V. Ottenlips, N. E. Skinner, K. C. Spatz, A. J. Steinberg, F. Van Den Broek, C. N. Wilson, A. M. Wofford, A. M. Willyard

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Traditional methods for fungal species identification require diagnostic morphological characters and are often limited by the availability of fresh fruiting bodies and local identification resources. DNA barcoding offers an additional method of species identification and is rapidly developing as a critical tool in fungal taxonomy. As an exercise in an undergraduate biology course, we identified 9 specimens collected from the Hendrix College campus in Conway, Arkansas, USA to the genus or species level using morphology. We report that DNA barcoding targeting the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region supported several of our taxonomic determinations and we were able to contribute 5 …


Dna Sequence Analysis Of Freshwater Eustigmatophyceae, A Potential Source Of Essential Fatty Acids, Sara E. Prior, M. W. Fawley, K. P. Fawley Jan 2009

Dna Sequence Analysis Of Freshwater Eustigmatophyceae, A Potential Source Of Essential Fatty Acids, Sara E. Prior, M. W. Fawley, K. P. Fawley

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Freshwater Eustigmatophyceae are a group of microalgae that are considered rare and of low diversity, with only a few genera and species in a single order. Some Eustigmatophyceae produce fatty acids that are important nutrients for aquaculture, as well as for human food consumption. In addition, some Eustigmatophyceae produce hydrocarbons that may be useful in biofuel production. In our studies of the diversity of coccoid algae from Itasca State Park, Minnesota, we discovered several isolates that we tentatively identified as Eustigmatophyceae. Preliminary molecular characterization indicated that these isolates were highly diverse and probably represented species new to science. In this …


Algae In Agricultural Fields From St. Francis County, Arkansas, T. Smith Jan 2008

Algae In Agricultural Fields From St. Francis County, Arkansas, T. Smith

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

On August 9th, 2007, two agriculture fields (rice and sorghum fields) were sampled for freshwater algae in St. Francis County. The purpose of this study was to document the algal species in the rice and sorghum fields and compare the similarities of species composition. There were a total of 53 species identified. Overall, diatoms and cyanobacteria were equally dominant with both represented by 21 species (39.6% of the total) and 11 green algal species (20.8%) were present. The sorghum field was dominated by Chlorogloeopsis fritschii and Chroococcus limneticus, while Anabeana cylindrica was abundant in the rice field.


Characterization Of A PorosTm-Fumonisin B1 Affinity Column For Isolating Ceramide Synthase From Rat Liver, S. Jernigan, W. B. Melchior Jr., G. R. Jenkins, K. L. Rowland, D. W. Roberts, P. C. Howard, H. Tolleson Jan 2001

Characterization Of A PorosTm-Fumonisin B1 Affinity Column For Isolating Ceramide Synthase From Rat Liver, S. Jernigan, W. B. Melchior Jr., G. R. Jenkins, K. L. Rowland, D. W. Roberts, P. C. Howard, H. Tolleson

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Fumonisin B1 is a mycotoxin produced by fungi of the genus Fusarium, common pathogens of corn and other grain plants. Toxic effects associated with fumonisin B1 include equine leukoencephalomacia, porcine pulmonary edema, rat renal carcinoma, and murine hepatocellular carcinoma. Increased risk for esophageal cancer in humans has been epidemiologically associated with consumption of corn contaminated with Fusarium, suggesting that fumonisin B1 may be involved. The biological effects of fumonisin B1 exposure result primarily from disruption of de novo sphingolipid biosynthesis via inhibition of ceramide synthase. Exposure of animals or cultured cells to fumonisin B1 results in the characteristic accumulation of …


Desmids (Conjugatophyceae) From Arkansas, Jennifer A. Akin, Richard L. Meyer Jan 1996

Desmids (Conjugatophyceae) From Arkansas, Jennifer A. Akin, Richard L. Meyer

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Microorganisms Associated With The Carapace And Plastron Of Aquatic Turtles (Pseudemys Concinna And Trachemys Scripta) In Southwestern Arkansas, Renn Tumlison, Sharon Clark Jan 1996

Microorganisms Associated With The Carapace And Plastron Of Aquatic Turtles (Pseudemys Concinna And Trachemys Scripta) In Southwestern Arkansas, Renn Tumlison, Sharon Clark

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Laccase Production By Chaetomium Elatum, A Soft-Rot Fungus, Wilson H. Howe, Joyce M. Hardin Jan 1994

Laccase Production By Chaetomium Elatum, A Soft-Rot Fungus, Wilson H. Howe, Joyce M. Hardin

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Though enzymes responsible for rotting wood have been studied for some time, the enzymes and enzymatic systems responsible for breaking down lignin have only begun to be discovered. The lignin-degrading enzymes produced by soft-rot fungi, in particular, have not been sufficiently studied. The present study presents evidence that the enzyme called laccase, known to be associated with lignin biodegradation, is produced by the species Chaetomium elatum, a soft-rot fungus. Cerrena unicolor, a positive control, and Chaetomium elatum were grown in culture. These species were tested for the presence of laccase using syringaldazine as a chromogenic substrate. As expected, Cerrena unicolor …


Role Of Endophytes In Tall Fescue, E. L. Piper, C. P. West Jan 1993

Role Of Endophytes In Tall Fescue, E. L. Piper, C. P. West

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is the most commonly grown cool season grass used for pastures in Arkansas. Most tall fescue contains a fungal endophyte (Acremonium coenophialum Morgan-Jones & Gams), which causes fescue toxicosis in livestock and costs cattle producers millions of dollars annually in lost production. Endophyte presence is known to reduce wild mammal populations in areas where tall fescue is prevalent. The endophyte spends its entire life cycle within the plant and is transmitted through the seed. The association is mutualistic with the plant providing nutrients for the endophyte and the endophyte conferring drought, insect, and nematode resistance …


Evaluation Of Aposphaeria Amaranthi As A Bioherbicide For Pigweed (Amaranthus Spp.), A. S. Mintz, G. J. Weidmann Jan 1991

Evaluation Of Aposphaeria Amaranthi As A Bioherbicide For Pigweed (Amaranthus Spp.), A. S. Mintz, G. J. Weidmann

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Studies were conducted to determine the potential of the fungus, Aposphaeria amaranth!, as a bioherbicide for pigweeds (Amaranthus spp.). Experiments to establish the environmental parameters necessary for control of tumble pigweed (A. albus) demonstrated that an 8-hr dew period was sufficient for control of seedlings with four to six leaves, and that temperatures ranging from 20 to 28 C were conducive for disease development. Conidial concentrations as lowas 1x 10s conidia per ml also were sufficient for plant mortality. Host range tests demonstrated pathogenicity of A. amaranthi to several other species of Amaranthus, including biotypes resistant to triazine herbicides. Disease …


Absence Of Pasteurella Pestis In The Wildlife Of Arkansas, R. Reece Corey, Leo J. Paulissen, Delbert Swartz Jan 1963

Absence Of Pasteurella Pestis In The Wildlife Of Arkansas, R. Reece Corey, Leo J. Paulissen, Delbert Swartz

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Development Of Pleurotus Ulmarius Fr. Grown In Pure Culture, Delbert Swartz, J. D. Collar Jan 1963

Development Of Pleurotus Ulmarius Fr. Grown In Pure Culture, Delbert Swartz, J. D. Collar

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Further Studies On An Antibiotic Substance Produced By Rhizopus Nigricans Ehrenberg, Kenneth D. Mace, Delbert Swartz Jan 1963

Further Studies On An Antibiotic Substance Produced By Rhizopus Nigricans Ehrenberg, Kenneth D. Mace, Delbert Swartz

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


List Of The Smut Fungi Of Arkansas, George E. Templeton Jan 1962

List Of The Smut Fungi Of Arkansas, George E. Templeton

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Problem Of Common Fungus Infections, Calvin J. Dillaha Jan 1955

Problem Of Common Fungus Infections, Calvin J. Dillaha

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Antibiotic Substance Produced By Rhizopus Nigricans Ehrenberg, Billy Joe Williams Jan 1955

Antibiotic Substance Produced By Rhizopus Nigricans Ehrenberg, Billy Joe Williams

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Comments On The Bacillariophycaea Of North Central Arkansas, Albert Robinson Jr. Jan 1953

Comments On The Bacillariophycaea Of North Central Arkansas, Albert Robinson Jr.

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.