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Fresh Water Studies

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Full-Text Articles in Organisms

Microplastic Accumulation In The Marsh Periwinkle (Littoraria Irrorata), Sarah Keaton, Hannah Lukhard, Eli Windy, Manar Hasan Jul 2024

Microplastic Accumulation In The Marsh Periwinkle (Littoraria Irrorata), Sarah Keaton, Hannah Lukhard, Eli Windy, Manar Hasan

DePaul Discoveries

Contamination of oceans by microplastics (mm) currently poses a major threat to aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems worldwide. Recent attention towards this issue has raised questions about the extent to which microplastics have accumulated in the environment, and has led to an increase in studies on the effects of microplastics in various organisms. However, levels of contamination in protected natural areas are still largely unexplored, yet can offer an important empirical perspective on the issue. In addition, little is known about the potential effects of microplastics on behavior in the field. This research was conducted within the protected ACE Basin National …


Intangible Cultural Heritage: A Benefit To Climate-Displaced And Host Communities, Gül Aktürk, Martha B. Lerski May 2021

Intangible Cultural Heritage: A Benefit To Climate-Displaced And Host Communities, Gül Aktürk, Martha B. Lerski

Publications and Research

Climate change is borderless, and its impacts are not shared equally by all communities. It causes an imbalance between people by creating a more desirable living environment for some societies while erasing settlements and shelters of some others. Due to floods, sea level rise, destructive storms, drought, and slow-onset factors such as salinization of water and soil, people lose their lands, homes, and natural resources. Catastrophic events force people to move voluntarily or involuntarily. The relocation of communities is a debatable climate adaptation measure which requires utmost care with human rights, ethics, and psychological well-being of individuals upon the issues …


Determining Remote Sensing Spatial Resolution Requirements For The Monitoring Of Harmful Algal Blooms In The Great Lakes, John Lekki, Eric Deutsch, Michael Sayers, Karl Bosse, Robert Anderson, Roger Tokars, Reid W. Sawtell Jun 2019

Determining Remote Sensing Spatial Resolution Requirements For The Monitoring Of Harmful Algal Blooms In The Great Lakes, John Lekki, Eric Deutsch, Michael Sayers, Karl Bosse, Robert Anderson, Roger Tokars, Reid W. Sawtell

Michigan Tech Publications

Harmful algal blooms (HABs) have become a major health and environmental concern in the Great Lakes. In 2014, severe HABs prompted the State of Ohio to request NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) to assist with monitoring algal blooms in Lake Erie. The most notable species of HAB is Microcystis aeruginosa, a hepatotoxin producing cyanobacteria that is responsible for liver complications for humans and other fauna that come in contact with these blooms. NASA GRC conducts semiweekly flights in order to gather up-to-date imagery regarding the blooms' spatial extents and concentrations. Airborne hyperspectral imagery is collected using two hyperspectral imagers, HSI-2 …


Rapid Label-Free Detection Of E. Coli Using Antimicrobial Peptide Assisted Impedance Spectroscopy, Keren Jieng, Hashem Etayash, Sarfuddin Azmi, Selvaraj Naicker, Mahtab Hassanpourfard, Parmiss Mojir Shaibani, Garima Thakur, Kamaljit Kaur, Thomas Thundat Aug 2015

Rapid Label-Free Detection Of E. Coli Using Antimicrobial Peptide Assisted Impedance Spectroscopy, Keren Jieng, Hashem Etayash, Sarfuddin Azmi, Selvaraj Naicker, Mahtab Hassanpourfard, Parmiss Mojir Shaibani, Garima Thakur, Kamaljit Kaur, Thomas Thundat

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

There is an increasing demand for rapid detection of waterborne pathogens to monitor drinking water safety. We demonstrate a compact, label-free sensor array for rapid detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) in contaminated water samples using antimicrobial peptide assisted impedimetric sensor platform. Interdigitated electrode arrays immobilized with the antimicrobial peptide Colicin V (ColV) were used to screen the affinity towards different bacterial strains by monitoring impedance variations in real-time. This ColV assisted impedance biosensor exhibited high selectivity towards Gram-negative strains particularly towards E. coli strains. This selective detection of E. coli from other strains was observed at 10 …


Proof-Of-Concept Of Environmental Dna Tools For Atlantic Sturgeon Management, Jameson Hinkle Jan 2015

Proof-Of-Concept Of Environmental Dna Tools For Atlantic Sturgeon Management, Jameson Hinkle

Theses and Dissertations

Abstract

The Atlantic Sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus, Mitchell) is an anadromous species that spawns in tidal freshwater rivers from Canada to Florida. Overfishing, river sedimentation and alteration of the river bottom have decreased Atlantic Sturgeon populations, and NOAA lists the species as endangered. Ecologists sometimes find it difficult to locate individuals of a species that is rare, endangered or invasive. The need for methods less invasive that can create more resolution of cryptic species presence is necessary. Environmental DNA (eDNA) is a non-invasive means of detecting rare, endangered, or invasive species by isolating nuclear or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from the …


The Effects That Liquid And Solid Cattle Manure Have On The Water Quality Of Drainage Ditches In Putnam County, Ohio, Janelle Horstman Jan 2014

The Effects That Liquid And Solid Cattle Manure Have On The Water Quality Of Drainage Ditches In Putnam County, Ohio, Janelle Horstman

Honors Projects

Lake Erie has experienced harmful algal blooms with increased frequency since the mid-1990s due to excess nutrients from Rivers, such as the Maumee River, and largely agricultural watersheds. Nonpoint source pollution from agriculture contributes to eutrophication, algal blooms, and the degradation of water quality. This creates stress on aquatic fauna, reduced aesthetic quality, odor, and limits of the water for usage of drinking, recreation, and industry. This research paper asks what the contributions of having access to manure application records, soil records, and information about antibiotics have on what is known about manure management and antibiotic resistance, which has been …


Cyanobacteria Dominance In The Oligohaline Waters Of Back Bay, Virginia, Harold G. Marshall Jan 2012

Cyanobacteria Dominance In The Oligohaline Waters Of Back Bay, Virginia, Harold G. Marshall

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Back Bay and its flora have historically been influenced by the interaction of freshwater flow in combination with frequent intrusion of saline water into its basin. These events have resulted in a dynamic environmental setting influencing the abundance and composition of its phytoplankton community. Dominating these oligohaline waters is a diverse representation and high abundance of freshwater filamentous and colonial cyanobacteria. These include the nonheterocystous Planktolyngbya contorta, Planktolyngbya limnetica, and Pseudanabaena limnetica, taxa implicated as bloom producers in Bay waters with N:P molar ratios ranging from 23:1 to 74:1.


Phytoplankton Composition Within The Tidal Freshwater-Oligohaline Regions Of The Rappahannock And Pamunkey Rivers In Virginia, Harold G. Marshall, Lubomira Burchardt Jan 2004

Phytoplankton Composition Within The Tidal Freshwater-Oligohaline Regions Of The Rappahannock And Pamunkey Rivers In Virginia, Harold G. Marshall, Lubomira Burchardt

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

The Rappahannock River is a major river system across north central Virginia prior to entering the Chesapeake Bay. In contrast, the Pamunkey River is smaller in size and joins the Mattoponi River to form the York River, which flows parallel to the Rappahannock before it also flows into Chesapeake Bay. A unique mixing area for both flora and environmental conditions exists in the tidal freshwater-oligohaline region of both rivers. This is a dynamic mixing section where freshwater and estuarine species are subject to the interaction of river flow and daily tidal rhythms. The phytoplankton composition in this region of the …


A Comparison Of Phytoplankton Communities In Lake Prince And The Western Branch Reservoir, Suffolk, Virginia, Cara Marie Muscio Apr 2001

A Comparison Of Phytoplankton Communities In Lake Prince And The Western Branch Reservoir, Suffolk, Virginia, Cara Marie Muscio

Biological Sciences Theses & Dissertations

Lake Prince and the Western Branch Reservoir are two eutrophic bodies of water located in Suffolk, Virginia. Lake Prince and its two small tributaries join the Western branch via a constructed spillway. This lake system is a source of water for the surrounding municipalities, and a recreational area for community citizens. In the past, these bodies of water had repeated incidents of low oxygen and nuisance algal blooms, particularly cyanobacteria species. As a result aerators have been installed in the main body of both Lake Prince and the Western Branch Reservoir. In addition, a pipeline has been installed from North …


Long Season Wheat, W. R. Smith, K. Anderson Jan 1987

Long Season Wheat, W. R. Smith, K. Anderson

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Agronomy of long season wheats, 87AL9, 87AL10, 87ES3, 87ES4, 87JE2, 87JE3, 87MT8, 87MT9 and 87NA9. Septoria control in long season wheat, 87E4 and 87MT10. Nitrogen response by long season wheat, 87ES5 and 87JE4. Phenology of long season wheats, 87E5 and 87MT11.


Grain Legumes Evaluation., G. H. Walton, T. R. Trent Jan 1987

Grain Legumes Evaluation., G. H. Walton, T. R. Trent

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin agronomy, 87AL14. Nitrogen fertilizer for legume crops, 87BA2. Pea variety evaluation, 87C59, 87M08, 87ME1, 87N012, 87SG8, 87KA7, 87N2. Interstate pea variety trials, 87N096, 87N099, 87KA6. Disease Resistance Pea Variety Testing, 87JE1. Grain legume species comparisons, 87A2, 87C2, 87KA37, 87M09, 87MA1, 87NA15. Legume species variety trials, 87LG2. Faba bean evaluation, 87MC34 and 87KA8. Faba bean 'synthetic' variety yield trial, 87MC36. Faba bean screening nursery, 87MC35. Preliminary agronomy of faba bean, chickpea and lentil, 87A21. Seeding date, 87A22. Legume species herbicide tolerance, 87KA82.


High Input Barley Production Systems In The High Rainfall Zone., G. J. Parlevliet Jan 1987

High Input Barley Production Systems In The High Rainfall Zone., G. J. Parlevliet

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Barley systems in the high rainfall zone effect of nitrogen fungicides and seeding rate on barley yield, 87BR2.


Foliar Wheat Diseases And Cereal Smuts., R. Loughman, A. E. Twigg Jan 1986

Foliar Wheat Diseases And Cereal Smuts., R. Loughman, A. E. Twigg

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Chemical control of leaf spots of wheat, 86BA41, 86MT49. Semi-natural inoculum for plant breeders plots, 86MD2. Chemical control of soil-borne flag smut, 86ME73, 86M032. Chemical control of barley loose smut, 86AL50, 86KA59, 86MT47. Chemical control of loose smut in barley with different levels of seed infections, 86MT48. Disease characterisation of cereal variety trial stage 4 sites.


Fungicide Testing, M. J. Barbetti Jan 1986

Fungicide Testing, M. J. Barbetti

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicidal control of Phoma blackstem disease in medic, 86 KA 11. Medic cultivar susceptibility to Phoma blackstem disease, 85 KA 56. Role of Phoma seed infection in medic, 85 KA 57. Effect of soil pasteurization on damage caused by six fungal root pathogens, 86 PE 53. Susceptibility of 18 sub-clover cultivars to isolates of the clover scorch fungus, Kabatiella caulivora, 86 PE 54. Effect of plant age or growth stage of subterranean clover on susceptibility to infection by the clover scorch fungus, Kabatiella caulivora, 86 PE 55. Susceptibility of rapeseed lines to blackleg crown canker, 86 MT 1, 86 MT …


Root And Foliar Diseases Of Wheat On Sandplain In The Geraldton Region., J. Wilson Jan 1985

Root And Foliar Diseases Of Wheat On Sandplain In The Geraldton Region., J. Wilson

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

A project funded by Wheat Industry Research Council and Wheat Industry Research Committee of W.A. Interactions between stubble, rotation, ripping and nitrogen, ECRS, 85C53. The effect of type of cultivation implement, and time of cultivation, ECRS, 85C54. The effect of fumigation, ECRS, 85C91. Residual ripping responses from 1984, 84C15.


Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases., T. N. Khan, K. Brain, M. Judges, K. J. Young, I. Pritchard, T. Sweeny, J. Hamblyn Jan 1985

Barley Foliage Diseases, Field Pea Diseases., T. N. Khan, K. Brain, M. Judges, K. J. Young, I. Pritchard, T. Sweeny, J. Hamblyn

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

85BA22, 85MT31, 85N053, 85BA24, 85MT32, 85MT32, 85N052, 85N053, 85BA21, 85MT30, 85BA21, 85BA22, 85MT31, 85MT43, 85KA59, 85KA60, 85M29, 85MT44, 85E22, 85ES22, 85ES23, 85N051, 85BA25, 85WH27, 85C65, 85C69, 85C66, 85C67, 8SKA48, 8SMT34, 85KA47, 85MT33, 85M26, 85ME26, 85KA49, 85KA51.

A.General Notes and Highlights

BARLEY FOLIAGE DISEASES

B. Scald: Screening fungicides

c. Scald: Fungicidal control in Northam district

D. Scald: Effect of seeding rate

E. Scald & Mildew Effect of fungicides and rates

F. Scald & Mildew Seed borne infection and seed dressing

G. Scald & Mildew Effect of seed dressing and spraying

H. Scald & Mildew Effect of Erex and Baytan

I. Mildew: …


Low Tillering Cereals, Early Maturity Of Cereals, Cereal Variety And Reduced Branching Lupins., R. Delane, J. Hamblin Jan 1985

Low Tillering Cereals, Early Maturity Of Cereals, Cereal Variety And Reduced Branching Lupins., R. Delane, J. Hamblin

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Trial 85C62 - growth and water use of low tillering cereals. Trial 85C62 - yield potential of low tillering cereals. Trial WEUNI - response of low tillering breeding lines and standard varieties to sowing rate. Trial 85C45 - effect of flowering date, seeding rate, deep tillage and applied nitrogen on yield of barley. Trial 85C61 - wheat variety x management interaction on sandplain. Trial 85C55 - growth and water use of reduced branching lupins. Trial 85C56 - normal and reduced branching lupins - planting density response.


Effect Of Soil Type On Relative Crop Yields, Effect Of Seeding Time On Pea And Lupin Yields, Effect Of Seeding Rate On Field Pea Yields, Studies In Legume Nodulation And Response Of Cereals In The Year Following Legumes., R. French Jan 1985

Effect Of Soil Type On Relative Crop Yields, Effect Of Seeding Time On Pea And Lupin Yields, Effect Of Seeding Rate On Field Pea Yields, Studies In Legume Nodulation And Response Of Cereals In The Year Following Legumes., R. French

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Trials 85M36, 85M37, 85M38, 85M39. Trials 8SJE17, 85KA62, 85N20, 85ME42, 85ME43, 85ME44, 85WH48. Trials 85KA63, 85M33. Trials 85M32, 85M34, 85M35. Trials 84M50, 84M51, 84M52.


Barley Agronomy., K. J. Young, B. R. Wylde, B. Raszyk, T. N. Khan Jan 1985

Barley Agronomy., K. J. Young, B. R. Wylde, B. Raszyk, T. N. Khan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Barley foliar diseases, effect on nitrogen response, 85ES25, 85E24, 85E25, 85MT37, 85ES29, 85MT38, 85E26, 85ES32, 85ES31, 85ES30, 85ES26, 85ES24, 85ES27, 85ES28, 85ES34, 85M27, 85SG27, 85MT42, 85C70,


Foliar Disease Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown Jan 1984

Foliar Disease Of Wheat, A. G. P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Wheat leaf diseases were at much reduced levels in 1984. This may have been caused by prolonged summer rain prematurely setting off dispersal of spores and also initiating microbiological breakdown of stubble residues. No survey was carried out in 1984 but a good indication of the seasonal effect can be gained by noting that in the spray-timing experiment at Badgingarra disease levels were extremely low until the end of August some 90 days after sowing. Timing of fungicide for Septoria and Yellow Spot control. 84BA32, 84GE59. Effect of Yellow-spot at Merredin (with S. Trevenen) 84ME57. Yellow-spot is common though not …


Brown Spot Of Lupins, P Mcr Wood Jan 1984

Brown Spot Of Lupins, P Mcr Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Fungicide treatment of lupin seed - 84WH34. Effect of cereal stubble treatment on brown spot - 84WH27. Effect of Rovral sprays on brown spot - 84N056, 84NO57. Effect of sowing date and seed treatment - 84BA26, 84WH28. The effect of Rovral seed treatment on brown spot on farmers' lupin crops. Site: Three Springs, Marchagee, North Gabin, Wannamal.


Barley Foliage Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges Jan 1983

Barley Foliage Diseases, T N. Khan, K. Brain, M Judges

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

General comments and highlights

Scald: Effect of time of application - 83BA10, 83MT9.

Scald: Effect of rate of fungicide – 83BA11.

Scald: Comparing fungicides – 83BA42.

Scald: Effect of seeding rate – 83BA12, 83MT10.

Scald: Response to fungicide in farmer's field – 83AL18, 83AL81, 83AL82.

Scald: Variation in pathogenicity – 83AB11, 83BA13, 83MT11, 83WH7.

Scald: Cultivar x fungicide in farmer's field – 83LG63.

Net Blotch: Potential yield losses – 83A15, 83BA15, 83WH6.

Net Blotch: Screening new fungicides – 83BA43.

Spot-type net blotch: Potential yield losses – 83C5.

Spot-type net blotch: Sources of resistance - Chapman Research Station, Nabawa.

Powdery mildew …


Foliar Diseases Of Wheat., A. G.P. Brown Jan 1982

Foliar Diseases Of Wheat., A. G.P. Brown

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Leaf diseases in the wheatbelt. Fungicides to control Septoria nodorum. Fungicide rate. Fungicides on yellow spot. Effect of stubble residues on septoria. Septoria: economic control on farm crops. 82Ba38 82BA37


Plant Viruses., G. D. Mclean, L. K. Price, J. A. Weir, J. M. Allen, P. Fievez, P. A. Portmann, R. J. Mclean, J. D. Sandow Jan 1982

Plant Viruses., G. D. Mclean, L. K. Price, J. A. Weir, J. M. Allen, P. Fievez, P. A. Portmann, R. J. Mclean, J. D. Sandow

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Clover viruses, 82ES38, 82AL47, 82MA19, 82BR19, 82BY29; 82BU5, 82HA9. Lupin virus, diseases. Barley yellow dwarf virus, 82AL46, 82AL51, 82B10, 82BA33, 82BR16, 82BR18, 82C29, 82E27, 82ES37, 82ES40, 82JE19, 82JE20, 82KA33, 82KA34, 82ABI3, 82MA18, 82MN22, 82MT34, 82NA32, 82WH28,82B8, 82MN17, 82E24, 82MT30, 82E25, 82MN18, 82MT31, 82B9, 82ABI2, 82BA31, 82C26, 82JE17, 82WH27, 82AL45, 82BR17, 82ES39, 82MA1, 82MA117, 82MT33,


Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P M. Wood Jan 1982

Diseases Of Lupins And Lupinosis., P M. Wood

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Lupin diseases, 82 TS 30, 82 TS 29, 82 TS 28, 82 GE 24, 82 ME 45, 82 ME 46, 82 BR 20,


Barley Disease, Scald, Spot Type Net Blotch, Powdery Mildew, Leaf Diseases, Double Cropping, Resistance Of Cvt Barley, T N. Khan Jan 1981

Barley Disease, Scald, Spot Type Net Blotch, Powdery Mildew, Leaf Diseases, Double Cropping, Resistance Of Cvt Barley, T N. Khan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

I. Barley disease survey and an unidentified disorder on forrest barley. II. Scald: crop loss assessment – 81BA20, 81A17, 81MT23, 81WH30, 81A17, 81BA20, 81MT23, 81WH30, III. Scald: epidemics in simulated populations segregating for scald resistance – 81BA22, 81MT25, 81BA22, 81MT25. IV. Scald: reactions in single plant and hill plots – 81MT24, 81MT21, 81BA21, V. Spot type net blotch: crop loss assessment – 81C17. VI. Net blotch: effect of grazing on infection levels – 81A20. VII. Powdery mildew: crop loss assessment – 81PE5. VIII. Value of whole plot scores in assessing leaf diseases. IX. Disease and yield in simulated double cropping …


1979 Summary Of Experiments, T N. Khan Jan 1979

1979 Summary Of Experiments, T N. Khan

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

79MT22 Mid season sown experiment, Mt Barker 79BA25 crop loss assessment trials, Badgingarra 79MT49 scoring system for leaf diseases, Mt Barker 79BA24 Inter-plot interference at various distances in Net Blotch, Badginarra Research Station 79WH17 Inter-plot interference at various distances in Net Blotch, Wongan Hills Research Station 79BA21 Inter-plot interference at various distances in Barley Scald, Badgingarra Research Station 79MT23 Inter-plot interference at various distances in Barley Scald, Mt Barker Research Station 79BA53 Scald nursery, Badgingarra 79BA54 Net Blotch nursery, Badgingarra 79WH52 Net Blotch nursery, Wongan Hills 79BA20 Crop loss assessment, Badgingarra Research Station 79BA22 Evaluating differences in field reaction of …


A Study Of Naturally Occurring Algicides Produced By Freshwater Algae, Denny O. Harris, Harry D. Caldwell Dec 1974

A Study Of Naturally Occurring Algicides Produced By Freshwater Algae, Denny O. Harris, Harry D. Caldwell

KWRRI Research Reports

The mode of action of the algicide produced by Pandorina morum was examined by exposing Volvox globator and isolates spinach chloroplasts to a partially purified algicide preparation. Oxygen evolution of Volvox, whole chloroplasts and broken chloroplasts (minus the Calvin cycle),was reduced indicating that the algicide inhibits the light reactions of photosynthesis. Oxygen evolution studies of other Volvocaceae confirmed the observation that Pandorina morum is not significantly influenced by its own inhibitor. Molecular weight approximation by gel filtration established that the inhibitor has a low molecular weight (probably below 100 mw). Field studies indicate that this algicide has tremendous potential as …


A Study Of Water-Soluble Inhibitory Compounds (Algicides) Produced By Fresh-Water Algae, Denny O. Harris, Manhar C. Parekh Nov 1973

A Study Of Water-Soluble Inhibitory Compounds (Algicides) Produced By Fresh-Water Algae, Denny O. Harris, Manhar C. Parekh

KWRRI Research Reports

A complex system of growth inhibitors was observed in the green algae (Volvocaceae). Inhibitors were found in the culture filtrates of some genera which limit their own growth (autoinhibitors) while others in the family produce substances which check the growth of other genera (heteroinhibitors). These inhibitors were destroyed by autoclaving. It was decided that Pandorina morum, which produced the strongest inhibitor and Volvox tertius, the most sensitive to the inhibitor would make an excellent model system for a study of the chemical and physical properties of these naturally occurring algicides. The algicide could be removed from actively growing cultures about …


Range And Optimum Growth Concentrations Of Phosphate And Nitrate For Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Thomas E. Hill Jan 1972

Range And Optimum Growth Concentrations Of Phosphate And Nitrate For Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Thomas E. Hill

Masters Theses

A study was conducted on the alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to determine the range and optimum growth concentrations of phosphate and nitrate. There are only a few species of algae for which this type of data is known. Inorganic nutritional data is basic to the understanding of the complexities of phytoplankton ecology and eutrophication.

The "plus" strain of this heterothallic alga was cultured in a TRIS-buffered inorganic medium with various concentrations of sodium phosphate and potassium nitrate and adjusted to a pH of 7.4. The axenic cultures were evaluated at the end of 6 days with a spectrophotometer, at a wavelength …