Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

United States

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1432

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Nasal Host Response-Based Screening For Undiagnosed Respiratory Viruses: A Pathogen Surveillance And Detection Study, Nagarjuna R. Cheemarla, Amelia Hanron, Joseph R. Fauver, Jason Bishai, Timothy A. Watkins, Anderson F. Brito, Dejian Zhao, Tara Alpert, Chantal B. F. Vogels, Albert I. Ko, Wade L. Schulz, Marie L. Landry, Nathan D. Grubaugh, David Van Dijk, Ellen F. Foxman Jan 2023

Nasal Host Response-Based Screening For Undiagnosed Respiratory Viruses: A Pathogen Surveillance And Detection Study, Nagarjuna R. Cheemarla, Amelia Hanron, Joseph R. Fauver, Jason Bishai, Timothy A. Watkins, Anderson F. Brito, Dejian Zhao, Tara Alpert, Chantal B. F. Vogels, Albert I. Ko, Wade L. Schulz, Marie L. Landry, Nathan D. Grubaugh, David Van Dijk, Ellen F. Foxman

Journal Articles: Epidemiology

BACKGROUND: Symptomatic patients who test negative for common viruses are an important possible source of unrecognised or emerging pathogens, but metagenomic sequencing of all samples is inefficient because of the low likelihood of finding a pathogen in any given sample. We aimed to determine whether nasopharyngeal CXCL10 screening could be used as a strategy to enrich for samples containing undiagnosed viruses.

METHODS: In this pathogen surveillance and detection study, we measured CXCL10 concentrations from nasopharyngeal swabs from patients in the Yale New Haven health-care system, which had been tested at the Yale New Haven Hospital Clinical Virology Laboratory (New Haven, …


Topics And Sentiment Surrounding Vaping On Twitter And Reddit During The 2019 E-Cigarette And Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury Outbreak: Comparative Study, Dezhi Wu, Erin Kasson, Avineet Kumar Singh, Yang Ren, Nina Kaiser, Ming Huang, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg Dec 2022

Topics And Sentiment Surrounding Vaping On Twitter And Reddit During The 2019 E-Cigarette And Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury Outbreak: Comparative Study, Dezhi Wu, Erin Kasson, Avineet Kumar Singh, Yang Ren, Nina Kaiser, Ming Huang, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Vaping or e-cigarette use has become dramatically more popular in the United States in recent years. e-Cigarette and vaping use-associated lung injury (EVALI) cases caused an increase in hospitalizations and deaths in 2019, and many instances were later linked to unregulated products. Previous literature has leveraged social media data for surveillance of health topics. Individuals are willing to share mental health experiences and other personal stories on social media platforms where they feel a sense of community, reduced stigma, and empowerment.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare vaping-related content on 2 popular social media platforms (ie, Twitter and Reddit) …


Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol Dec 2022

Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Long-term sequelae after symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection may impact well-being, yet existing data primarily focus on discrete symptoms and/or health care use.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patient-reported outcomes of physical, mental, and social well-being among adults with symptomatic illness who received a positive vs negative test result for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was a planned interim analysis of an ongoing multicenter prospective longitudinal registry study (the Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infections Registry [INSPIRE]). Participants were enrolled from December 11, 2020, to September 10, 2021, and comprised adults (aged ≥18 years) with acute symptoms suggestive …


Wellness And Coping Of Physicians Who Worked In Icus During The Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional North American Survey, Karen E. A. Burns, Rachel K. Mcdonald, Et Al. Dec 2022

Wellness And Coping Of Physicians Who Worked In Icus During The Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional North American Survey, Karen E. A. Burns, Rachel K. Mcdonald, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVES: Few surveys have focused on physician moral distress, burnout, and professional fulfilment. We assessed physician wellness and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using four validated instruments.

SETTING: Sixty-two sites in Canada and the United States.

SUBJECTS: Attending physicians (adult, pediatric; intensivist, nonintensivist) who worked in North American ICUs.

INTERVENTION: None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We analysed 431 questionnaires (43.3% response rate) from 25 states and eight provinces. Respondents were predominantly male (229 [55.6%]) and in practice for 11.8 ± 9.8 years. Compared with prepandemic, respondents reported significant intrapandemic increases in days worked/mo, ICU bed occupancy, and …


Active Vs Traditional Methods Of Recruiting Children For A Clinical Trial In Rural Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial, Paul M Darden, Ann M Davis, Jeannette Y Lee, Milan Bimali, Alan E Simon, Andrew M Atz, Crystal S Lim, Thao-Ly Phan, James R Roberts, Russell J Mcculloh, Lee Pyles, Michelle Shaffer, Jessica N Snowden Nov 2022

Active Vs Traditional Methods Of Recruiting Children For A Clinical Trial In Rural Primary Care Clinics: A Cluster-Randomized Clinical Trial, Paul M Darden, Ann M Davis, Jeannette Y Lee, Milan Bimali, Alan E Simon, Andrew M Atz, Crystal S Lim, Thao-Ly Phan, James R Roberts, Russell J Mcculloh, Lee Pyles, Michelle Shaffer, Jessica N Snowden

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Importance: To our knowledge, there are no published randomized clinical trials of recruitment strategies. Rigorously evaluated successful recruitment strategies for children are needed.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of 2 recruitment methods for enrolling rural children through primary care clinics to assess whether either or both methods are sufficiently effective for enrolling participants into a clinical trial of a behavioral telehealth intervention for children with overweight or obesity.

Design, setting, and participants: This cluster-randomized clinical trial of 2 recruitment methods was conducted at 4 primary care clinics in 4 separate states. Each clinic used both recruitment methods in random order. …


Real-World Evidence Supporting Tandem Control-Iq Hybrid Closed-Loop Success In The Medicare And Medicaid Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Populations, Gregory P Forlenza, Anders L Carlson, Rodolfo J Galindo, Davida F Kruger, Carol J Levy, Janet B Mcgill, Guillermo Umpierrez, Grazia Aleppo Nov 2022

Real-World Evidence Supporting Tandem Control-Iq Hybrid Closed-Loop Success In The Medicare And Medicaid Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Populations, Gregory P Forlenza, Anders L Carlson, Rodolfo J Galindo, Davida F Kruger, Carol J Levy, Janet B Mcgill, Guillermo Umpierrez, Grazia Aleppo

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


Real-World Utilization And Outcomes Of Systemic Therapy Among Patients With Advanced Or Recurrent Endometrial Cancer In The United States, Jinan Liu, Bruno Emond, Eric M Maiese, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Patrick Lefebvre, Isabelle Ghelerter, Caterina Wu, Jean A Hurteau, Premal H Thaker Nov 2022

Real-World Utilization And Outcomes Of Systemic Therapy Among Patients With Advanced Or Recurrent Endometrial Cancer In The United States, Jinan Liu, Bruno Emond, Eric M Maiese, Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Patrick Lefebvre, Isabelle Ghelerter, Caterina Wu, Jean A Hurteau, Premal H Thaker

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate systemic therapy utilization patterns and outcomes by line of therapy among patients with advanced/recurrent endometrial cancer (EC) treated in the United States.

METHODS: This retrospective observational study used the Optum Clinformatics Extended Data Mart Date of Death database (1 January 2004-31 December 2019) and included de-identified data from adult patients with advanced/recurrent EC who were treated with first-line (1L) platinum-based chemotherapy and initiated second-line (2L) anti-neoplastic therapy. The index date was the date of 1L therapy initiation. The number and sequence of treatments received and the proportion of patients who received each type of treatment for each line …


Respiratory Virus Surveillance Among Children With Acute Respiratory Illnesses - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, 2016-2021., Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Aaron Curns, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Natasha B. Halasa, Mary Allen Staat, Peter G. Szilagyi, Laura S. Stewart, Monica M. Mcneal, Benjamin Clopper, Yingtao Zhou, Brett L. Whitaker, Elizabeth Lemasters, Elizabeth Harker, Janet A. Englund, Eileen J. Klein, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Christopher J. Harrison, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, John V. Williams, Gayle E. Langley, Susan I. Gerber, Angela Campbell, Aron J. Hall, Brian Rha, Meredith Mcmorrow, New Vaccine Surveillance Network Collaborators Oct 2022

Respiratory Virus Surveillance Among Children With Acute Respiratory Illnesses - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, 2016-2021., Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Aaron Curns, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Natasha B. Halasa, Mary Allen Staat, Peter G. Szilagyi, Laura S. Stewart, Monica M. Mcneal, Benjamin Clopper, Yingtao Zhou, Brett L. Whitaker, Elizabeth Lemasters, Elizabeth Harker, Janet A. Englund, Eileen J. Klein, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Christopher J. Harrison, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, John V. Williams, Gayle E. Langley, Susan I. Gerber, Angela Campbell, Aron J. Hall, Brian Rha, Meredith Mcmorrow, New Vaccine Surveillance Network Collaborators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN) is a prospective, active, population-based surveillance platform that enrolls children with acute respiratory illnesses (ARIs) at seven pediatric medical centers. ARIs are caused by respiratory viruses including influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs), and most recently SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), which result in morbidity among infants and young children (1-6). NVSN estimates the incidence of pathogen-specific pediatric ARIs and collects clinical data (e.g., underlying medical conditions and vaccination status) to assess risk factors for severe disease and calculate influenza and COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness. Current NVSN …


Towards A Common Lexicon For Equity, Diversity, And Inclusion Work In Academic Medicine, José E Rodríguez, Edgar Figueroa, Kendall M Campbell, Judy C Washington, Octavia Amaechi, Tanya Anim, Kari-Claudia Allen, Krys Foster, Maia Hightower, Yury Parra, Maria H Wusu, William A Smith, Mary Ann Villarreal, Linda H Pololi Oct 2022

Towards A Common Lexicon For Equity, Diversity, And Inclusion Work In Academic Medicine, José E Rodríguez, Edgar Figueroa, Kendall M Campbell, Judy C Washington, Octavia Amaechi, Tanya Anim, Kari-Claudia Allen, Krys Foster, Maia Hightower, Yury Parra, Maria H Wusu, William A Smith, Mary Ann Villarreal, Linda H Pololi

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

Differential rewarding of work and experience has been a longtime feature of academic medicine, resulting in a series of academic disparities. These disparities have been collectively called a cultural or minority "tax," and, when considered beyond academic medicine, exist across all departments, colleges, and schools of institutions of higher learning-from health sciences to disciplines located on university campuses outside of medicine and health. A shared language can provide opportunities for those who champion this work to pool resources for larger impacts across the institution. This article aims to catalog the terms used across academic medicine disciplines to establish a common …


Differential Patterns And Outcomes Of 20.6 Million Cardiovascular Emergency Department Encounters For Men And Women In The United States., Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Ayman Elbadawi, Poonam Velagapudi, Garima Sharma, Renee P Bullock-Palmer, Steffen E Petersen, Laxmi S Mehta, Waqas Ullah, Ariel Roguin, Louise Y Sun, Mamas A Mamas Oct 2022

Differential Patterns And Outcomes Of 20.6 Million Cardiovascular Emergency Department Encounters For Men And Women In The United States., Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Ayman Elbadawi, Poonam Velagapudi, Garima Sharma, Renee P Bullock-Palmer, Steffen E Petersen, Laxmi S Mehta, Waqas Ullah, Ariel Roguin, Louise Y Sun, Mamas A Mamas

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Background We describe sex-differential disease patterns and outcomes of >20.6 million cardiovascular emergency department encounters in the United States. Methods and Results We analyzed primary cardiovascular encounters from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample between 2016 and 2018. We grouped cardiovascular diagnoses into 15 disease categories. The sample included 48.7% women; median age was 67 (interquartile range, 54-78) years. Men had greater overall baseline comorbidity burden; however, women had higher rates of obesity, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease. For women, the most common emergency department encounters were essential hypertension (16.0%), hypertensive heart or kidney disease (14.1%), and atrial fibrillation/flutter (10.2%). For men, …


Effectiveness Of The Ad26.Cov2.S (Johnson & Johnson) Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Vaccine For Preventing Covid-19 Hospitalizations And Progression To High Disease Severity In The United States, Nathaniel M Lewis, Hilary M Babcock, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al. Oct 2022

Effectiveness Of The Ad26.Cov2.S (Johnson & Johnson) Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) Vaccine For Preventing Covid-19 Hospitalizations And Progression To High Disease Severity In The United States, Nathaniel M Lewis, Hilary M Babcock, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Background . Adults in the United States (US) began receiving the adenovirus vector coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine, Ad26.COV2.S (Johnson & Johnson [Janssen]), in February 2021. We evaluated Ad26.COV2.S vaccine effectiveness (VE) against COVID-19 hospitalization and high disease severity during the first 10 months of its use. Methods . In a multicenter case-control analysis of US adults (≥18 years) hospitalized 11 March to 15 December 2021, we estimated VE against susceptibility to COVID-19 hospitalization (VEs), comparing odds of prior vaccination with a single dose Ad26.COV2.S vaccine between hospitalized cases with COVID-19 and controls without COVID-19. Among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, …


Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay Sep 2022

Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Preventative health measures such as shelter in place and mask wearing have been widely encouraged to curb the spread of the COVID-19 disease. People's attitudes toward preventative behaviors may be dependent on their sources of information and trust in the information.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between trusting in COVID-19 information and preventative behaviors in a racially and politically diverse metropolitan area in the United States.

METHODS: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of residents in St. Louis City and County in Missouri. Individuals aged ≥18 years were eligible to participate. Participants were …


Assessment And Diagnostic Practices Relating To Autism Spectrum Disorder In The United States And Mexico, Maria Valdez, Jessica R. Stewart, Wan-Lin Chang, Ruth Crutchfield, Ralph Carlson Sep 2022

Assessment And Diagnostic Practices Relating To Autism Spectrum Disorder In The United States And Mexico, Maria Valdez, Jessica R. Stewart, Wan-Lin Chang, Ruth Crutchfield, Ralph Carlson

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The present study examined and compared professional assessment and diagnostic practices relating to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Mexico and the United States (U.S.). This information is of great importance because there is an extremely limited amount of information pertaining the assessment and diagnostic practices for ASD in Mexico and little is known about how these practices compare to those in the U.S. Methods: Archival data from a survey investigating ASD in the U.S. and Mexico was used for this study. Participants included 29 professionals from the U.S. and 7 professionals from Mexico. Professionals were from a variety of …


American Society Of Hematology Living Guidelines On The Use Of Anticoagulation For Thromboprophylaxis In Patients With Covid-19: January 2022 Update On The Use Of Therapeutic-Intensity Anticoagulation In Acutely Ill Patients, Adam Cuker, Kristen M Sanfilippo, Et Al Sep 2022

American Society Of Hematology Living Guidelines On The Use Of Anticoagulation For Thromboprophylaxis In Patients With Covid-19: January 2022 Update On The Use Of Therapeutic-Intensity Anticoagulation In Acutely Ill Patients, Adam Cuker, Kristen M Sanfilippo, Et Al

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: COVID-19-related acute illness is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE).

OBJECTIVE: These evidence-based guidelines from the American Society of Hematology (ASH) are intended to support patients, clinicians, and other health care professionals in making decisions about the use of anticoagulation in patients with COVID-19.

METHODS: ASH formed a multidisciplinary guideline panel that included patient representatives and applied strategies to minimize potential bias from conflicts of interest. The McMaster University GRADE Centre supported the guideline development process and performed systematic evidence reviews (through November 2021). The panel prioritized clinical questions and outcomes according to their importance for …


American Society Of Hematology Living Guidelines On The Use Of Anticoagulation For Thromboprophylaxis For Patients With Covid-19: March 2022 Update On The Use Of Anticoagulation In Critically Ill Patients, Adam Cuker, Kristen M Sanfilippo, Et Al Sep 2022

American Society Of Hematology Living Guidelines On The Use Of Anticoagulation For Thromboprophylaxis For Patients With Covid-19: March 2022 Update On The Use Of Anticoagulation In Critically Ill Patients, Adam Cuker, Kristen M Sanfilippo, Et Al

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: COVID-19-related critical illness is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE).

OBJECTIVE: These evidence-based guidelines of the American Society of Hematology (ASH) are intended to support patients, clinicians, and other health care professionals in decisions about the use of anticoagulation for patients with COVID-19.

METHODS: ASH formed a multidisciplinary guideline panel, including 3 patient representatives, and applied strategies to minimize potential bias from conflicts of interest. The McMaster University Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) Centre supported the guideline development process, including performing systematic evidence reviews (up to January 2022). The panel prioritized clinical questions …


Exit Rates Of Accountable Care Organizations That Serve High Proportions Of Beneficiaries Of Racial And Ethnic Minority Groups, Sunny C Lin, Karen E Joynt Maddox, Andrew M Ryan, Nicholas Moloci, Addison Shay, John Malcolm Hollingsworth Sep 2022

Exit Rates Of Accountable Care Organizations That Serve High Proportions Of Beneficiaries Of Racial And Ethnic Minority Groups, Sunny C Lin, Karen E Joynt Maddox, Andrew M Ryan, Nicholas Moloci, Addison Shay, John Malcolm Hollingsworth

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Importance: The Medicare Shared Savings Program provides financial incentives for accountable care organizations (ACOs) to reduce costs of care. The structure of the shared savings program may not adequately adjust for challenges associated with caring for patients with high medical complexity and social needs, a population disproportionately made up of racial and ethnic minority groups. If so, ACOs serving racial and ethnic minority groups may be more likely to exit the program, raising concerns about the equitable distribution of potential benefits from health care delivery reform efforts.

Objective: To evaluate whether ACOs with a high proportion of beneficaries of racial …


Risk Factors And Medical Resource Utilization In Us Adults Hospitalized With Influenza Or Respiratory Syncytial Virus In The Hospitalized Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Study, Jessica Hartnett, Prina Donga, Gabriela Ispas, Yannick Vandendijck, David Anderson, Stacey House, Selim Suner Sep 2022

Risk Factors And Medical Resource Utilization In Us Adults Hospitalized With Influenza Or Respiratory Syncytial Virus In The Hospitalized Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Study, Jessica Hartnett, Prina Donga, Gabriela Ispas, Yannick Vandendijck, David Anderson, Stacey House, Selim Suner

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in the United States. We assessed risk factors for severe disease and medical resource utilization (MRU) among US adults hospitalized with influenza or RSV in the Hospitalized Acute Respiratory Tract Infection (HARTI) study.

METHODS: HARTI was a prospective global (40 centers, 12 countries) epidemiological study of adults hospitalized with acute respiratory tract infections conducted across the 2017-2019 epidemic seasons. Patients with confirmed influenza or RSV were followed up to 3 months post-discharge. Baseline characteristics, prevalence of core risk factors (CRFs) for severe disease (age ≥65 years, …


Spatiotemporal Correlation Analysis Of Hydraulic Fracturing And Stroke In The United States, Chuanbo Hu, Bin Liu, Shuo Wang, Zhenduo Zhu, Amelia Adcock, James Simpkins, Xin Li Aug 2022

Spatiotemporal Correlation Analysis Of Hydraulic Fracturing And Stroke In The United States, Chuanbo Hu, Bin Liu, Shuo Wang, Zhenduo Zhu, Amelia Adcock, James Simpkins, Xin Li

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Hydraulic fracturing or fracking has led to a rapid growth of oil and gas production in the United States, but the impact of fracking on public health is an important but underresearched topic. We designed a methodology to study spatiotemporal correlations between the risk of fracking and stroke mortality. An annualized loss expectancy (ALE) model is applied to quantify the risk of fracking. The geographically and temporally weighted regression (GTWR) model is used to analyze spatiotemporal correlations of stroke mortality, fracking ALE, and nine other socioeconomic- and health-related factors. The analysis shows that fracking ALE is moderately correlated with stroke …


Hospital Nursing Factors Associated With Decreased Odds Of Mortality In Older Adult Medicare Surgical Patients With Depression, Aparna Kumar, Douglas Sloane, Linda Aiken, Matthew Mchugh Aug 2022

Hospital Nursing Factors Associated With Decreased Odds Of Mortality In Older Adult Medicare Surgical Patients With Depression, Aparna Kumar, Douglas Sloane, Linda Aiken, Matthew Mchugh

College of Nursing Faculty Papers & Presentations

Background: Depression is common, costly, and has deleterious effects in older adult surgical patients. Little research exists examining older adult surgical patient outcomes and depression and the potential for nursing factors to affect these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between hospital nursing resources, 30-day mortality; and the impact of depression on this relationship.

Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study employing a national nurse survey, hospital data, and Medicare claims data from 2006-2007. The sample included: 296,561 older adult patients, aged 65-90, who had general, orthopedic, or vascular surgery in acute care general hospitals …


Association Between Social Vulnerability Index And Cardiovascular Disease: A Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Study, Vardhmaan Jain, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Safi U Khan, Ankur Kalra, Fatima Rodriguez, Zainab Samad, Yashashwi Pokharel, Arunima Misra, Laurence S Sperling, Jamal S Rana, Waqas Ullah, Ankit Medhekar, Salim S Virani Aug 2022

Association Between Social Vulnerability Index And Cardiovascular Disease: A Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Study, Vardhmaan Jain, Mahmoud Al Rifai, Safi U Khan, Ankur Kalra, Fatima Rodriguez, Zainab Samad, Yashashwi Pokharel, Arunima Misra, Laurence S Sperling, Jamal S Rana, Waqas Ullah, Ankit Medhekar, Salim S Virani

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Background Social and environmental factors play an important role in the rising health care burden of cardiovascular disease. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention developed the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI) from US census data as a tool for public health officials to identify communities in need of support in the setting of a hazardous event. SVI (ranging from a least vulnerable score of 0 to a most vulnerable score of 1) ranks communities on 15 social factors including unemployment, minoritized groups status, and disability, and groups them under 4 broad themes: socioeconomic status, housing and transportation, minoritized groups, and …


Approvals And Prices Of Systemic Antibiotics In Saudi Arabia And The United States, Saad Alharthi Aug 2022

Approvals And Prices Of Systemic Antibiotics In Saudi Arabia And The United States, Saad Alharthi

Pharmaceutical Sciences (MS) Theses

Introduction

Antibiotics is one of the therapeutic classes with the highest level of consumption in the world. Despite the global diffusion of antibiotics, their availability and prices vary by country. This study assessed differences in the availability and prices of systemic antibiotics marketed in the United States (US) and Saudi Arabia and evaluated the factors associated with the differences in prices of systemic antibiotics marketed in both countries.

Material and Methods

We collected regulatory data from the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA), the National Average Drug Acquisition Cost (NADAC) and the …


Quantile Differences In The Age-Related Decline In Cardiorespiratory Fitness Between Sexes In Adults Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In The United States, Andrew Ortaglia, Melissa Stansbury, Michael David Wirth, Xuemei Sui, Matteo Bottai Aug 2022

Quantile Differences In The Age-Related Decline In Cardiorespiratory Fitness Between Sexes In Adults Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus In The United States, Andrew Ortaglia, Melissa Stansbury, Michael David Wirth, Xuemei Sui, Matteo Bottai

Faculty Publications

Objective: To comprehensively assess the extent to which the decline in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with age differs between sexes. Participants and Methods: This study used data from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, conducted between September 1974 and August 2006, consisting primarily of White adults from middle-to-upper socioeconomic strata restricted to adults without type 2 diabetes mellitus (33,742 men and 9,415 women). Quantile regression models were used to estimate the differences in age-associated changes in CRF between the sexes, estimated using a maximal treadmill test. Results: For adults aged up to 45 years, significant differences in slopes relating to age and …


Association Of Endocrine Therapy Initiation Timeliness With Adherence And Continuation In Low-Income Women With Breast Cancer, Nikita Sood, Ying Liu, Min Lian, Tracy Greever-Rice, Jill Lucht, Chester Schmaltz, Graham A Colditz Aug 2022

Association Of Endocrine Therapy Initiation Timeliness With Adherence And Continuation In Low-Income Women With Breast Cancer, Nikita Sood, Ying Liu, Min Lian, Tracy Greever-Rice, Jill Lucht, Chester Schmaltz, Graham A Colditz

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Importance: Though adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) has proven efficacy in treating hormone receptor-positive (HR-positive) breast cancer, patient adherence to AET and continuation of treatment as recommended by guidelines remain suboptimal, especially for low-income patients.

Objective: To quantify timelines for initiating AET and assess their association with short- and long-term adherence and continuation of AET in low-income women with breast cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based retrospective cohort study included women younger than 65 years diagnosed with first primary HR-positive breast cancer between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2013, followed up for 5 years after the first use of …


Snmmi/Acr/Asnc/Scmr Joint Credentialing Statement For Cardiac Pet/Mri: Endorsed By The American Heart Association, Terrence D Ruddy, Mouaz Al-Mallah, James A Arrighi, John P Bois, David A Bluemke, Marcelo F Di Carli, Vasken Dilsizian, Robert J Gropler, Hossein Jadvar, Saurabh Malhotra, Matthier Pelletier-Galarneau, Thomas H Schindler, Pamela K Woodard, Panithaya Chareonthaitawee Aug 2022

Snmmi/Acr/Asnc/Scmr Joint Credentialing Statement For Cardiac Pet/Mri: Endorsed By The American Heart Association, Terrence D Ruddy, Mouaz Al-Mallah, James A Arrighi, John P Bois, David A Bluemke, Marcelo F Di Carli, Vasken Dilsizian, Robert J Gropler, Hossein Jadvar, Saurabh Malhotra, Matthier Pelletier-Galarneau, Thomas H Schindler, Pamela K Woodard, Panithaya Chareonthaitawee

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


Real-World Use Of Tisagenlecleucel In Infant Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia., Amy Moskop, Lauren Pommert, Christina Baggott, Snehit Prabhu, Holly L. Pacenta, Christine L. Phillips, Jenna Rossoff, Heather E. Stefanski, Julie-An Talano, Steve P. Margossian, Michael R. Verneris, Douglas Myers, Nicole A. Karras, Patrick A. Brown, Muna Qayed, Michelle L. Hermiston, Prakash Satwani, Christa Krupski, Amy K. Keating, Rachel Wilcox, Cara A. Rabik, Vanessa A. Fabrizio, Vasant Chinnabhandar, A Yasemin Goksenin, Kevin J. Curran, Crystal L. Mackall, Theodore W. Laetsch, Erin M. Guest, Erin H. Breese, Liora M. Schultz Jul 2022

Real-World Use Of Tisagenlecleucel In Infant Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia., Amy Moskop, Lauren Pommert, Christina Baggott, Snehit Prabhu, Holly L. Pacenta, Christine L. Phillips, Jenna Rossoff, Heather E. Stefanski, Julie-An Talano, Steve P. Margossian, Michael R. Verneris, Douglas Myers, Nicole A. Karras, Patrick A. Brown, Muna Qayed, Michelle L. Hermiston, Prakash Satwani, Christa Krupski, Amy K. Keating, Rachel Wilcox, Cara A. Rabik, Vanessa A. Fabrizio, Vasant Chinnabhandar, A Yasemin Goksenin, Kevin J. Curran, Crystal L. Mackall, Theodore W. Laetsch, Erin M. Guest, Erin H. Breese, Liora M. Schultz

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Infants with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) have poor outcomes because of chemotherapy resistance leading to high relapse rates. Tisagenlecleucel, a CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CART) therapy, is US Food and Drug Administration approved for relapsed or refractory B-ALL in patients ≤25 years; however, the safety and efficacy of this therapy in young patients is largely unknown because children(n = 14). Sixty-four percent of patients (n = 9) achieved minimal residual disease-negative remission after CART and 50% of patients remain in remission at last follow-up. All patients with high disease burden at time of CART infusion (>M1 marrow) …


The Power Of Partnerships: State Public Health Department Multisector Collaborations In Major Chronic Disease Programme Areas In The United States, Edward Tsai, Peg Allen, Louise Farah Saliba, Ross C Brownson Jul 2022

The Power Of Partnerships: State Public Health Department Multisector Collaborations In Major Chronic Disease Programme Areas In The United States, Edward Tsai, Peg Allen, Louise Farah Saliba, Ross C Brownson

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Multisector collaboration between state public health departments (SHDs) and diverse community partners is increasingly recognized as important for promoting positive public health outcomes, addressing social determinants of health, and reducing health inequalities. This study investigates collaborations between SHDs in the United States and different types of organizations addressing chronic disease in and outside of the health sector.

METHODS: SHD employees were randomly selected from the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors membership list for participation in an online survey. Participants were asked about their primary chronic disease work unit (cancer, obesity, tobacco, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and others), as well …


Reduced Rates Of Post-Transplant Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis, Ryan Lamm, Peter J Altshuler, Keyur Patel, Osama Shaheen, Angel Paulo Amante, Jesse Civan, Warren Maley, Adam Frank, Carlo Ramirez, Jaime Glorioso, Ashesh Shah, Hien Dang, Adam S Bodzin Jul 2022

Reduced Rates Of Post-Transplant Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma In Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis, Ryan Lamm, Peter J Altshuler, Keyur Patel, Osama Shaheen, Angel Paulo Amante, Jesse Civan, Warren Maley, Adam Frank, Carlo Ramirez, Jaime Glorioso, Ashesh Shah, Hien Dang, Adam S Bodzin

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become the second leading cause of HCC-related liver transplantation in the United States. This study investigated post-transplant recurrence and survival for patients transplanted for NASH-related HCC compared to non-NASH HCC etiologies. Retrospective review of the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) database identified 7,461 patients with HCC—1,405 with underlying NASH and 6,086 with non-NASH underlying diseases. After propensity score matching (PSM) to account for patient- and tumor-related confounders 1,175 remained in each group. Primary outcomes assessed were recurrence rate and recurrence-free survival. Recurrent malignancy at 5 years …


Implementation And Evaluation Of A Syphilis Screening Tool To Increase Patient Testing For Syphilis Among Adults 18 Years And Older In A Rural Primary Care Clinic, Valeria S. Wiggins Jul 2022

Implementation And Evaluation Of A Syphilis Screening Tool To Increase Patient Testing For Syphilis Among Adults 18 Years And Older In A Rural Primary Care Clinic, Valeria S. Wiggins

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an increasing epidemic in the United States (U.S.) that need immediate interventions to reverse the effects of syphilis on the sexual health of adults in rural populations. Many are unaware of the growing rate of syphilis and the overall impact it causes nationally. When syphilis is detected early, it can be easily treated and cured. Rural primary care providers are ideal candidates for implementing education, screening, testing, and treatment.

Purpose: The Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project aims to increase the frequency of screening patients in rural primary care clinics for high-risk sexual behaviors. …


Insurance Coverage And Respiratory Morbidities In Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia., Joseph M. Collaco, Michael C. Tracy, Catherine A. Sheils, Jessica L. Rice, Lawrence M. Rhein, Leif D. Nelin, Paul E. Moore, Winston M. Manimtim, Jonathan C. Levin, Khanh Lai, Lystra P. Hayden, Julie L. Fierro, Eric D. Austin, Stamatia Alexiou, Amit Agarwal, Natalie Villafranco, Roopa Siddaiah, Antonia P. Popova, Ioana A. Cristea, Christopher D. Baker, Manvi Bansal, Sharon A. Mcgrath-Morrow Jul 2022

Insurance Coverage And Respiratory Morbidities In Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia., Joseph M. Collaco, Michael C. Tracy, Catherine A. Sheils, Jessica L. Rice, Lawrence M. Rhein, Leif D. Nelin, Paul E. Moore, Winston M. Manimtim, Jonathan C. Levin, Khanh Lai, Lystra P. Hayden, Julie L. Fierro, Eric D. Austin, Stamatia Alexiou, Amit Agarwal, Natalie Villafranco, Roopa Siddaiah, Antonia P. Popova, Ioana A. Cristea, Christopher D. Baker, Manvi Bansal, Sharon A. Mcgrath-Morrow

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

INTRODUCTION: Preterm infants and young children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) are at increased risk for acute care utilization and chronic respiratory symptoms during early life. Identifying risk factors for respiratory morbidities in the outpatient setting could decrease the burden of care. We hypothesized that public insurance coverage was associated with higher acute care usage and respiratory symptoms in preterm infants and children with BPD after initial neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge.

METHODS: Subjects were recruited from BPD clinics at 10 tertiary care centers in the United States between 2018 and 2021. Demographics and clinical characteristics were obtained through chart …


A Comparison Of American Women's Experiences With Both Gestational Surrogate Pregnancies And Spontaneous Pregnancies, Jennifer Lahl, Kallie Fell, Kate Bassett, Frances H. Broghammer, William M. Briggs Jul 2022

A Comparison Of American Women's Experiences With Both Gestational Surrogate Pregnancies And Spontaneous Pregnancies, Jennifer Lahl, Kallie Fell, Kate Bassett, Frances H. Broghammer, William M. Briggs

Dignity: A Journal of Analysis of Exploitation and Violence

This article evaluates the pregnancy experiences of American women by comparing their spontaneous or non-surrogate pregnancies with their gestational surrogate pregnancies. Data were collected through structured interviews using an online video platform. In total, 96 interviews were conducted. Data revealed that a woman was more likely to have a pregnancy that was high-risk during a surrogate pregnancy than during a non-surrogate pregnancy, independent of maternal age or gravidity (OR 11.4, 3.5-36.6; p<.0001). A surrogate pregnancy had three times higher odds of resulting in a cesarean section (p<.0001) and was five times more likely to deliver at an earlier gestational age (p<.0001). Women in this study were significantly more likely to experience postpartum depression following the delivery of surrogate children than after delivering their non-surrogate children (p=.01), and overall, they were more likely to have adverse outcomes during a surrogate pregnancy. The rate of new post-surrogacy chronic health issues for women of color was significantly higher than for women identified as white (p<.0001). We found that women’s economic disadvantage was a major contributor to the decision to proceed with surrogacy. This study confirms that health disparities exist for women with surrogate pregnancies compared to non-surrogate pregnancies, which can lead to long-term complications after a surrogate pregnancy. In terms of biomedical ethics, it raises important social, economic, and political issues related to surrogacy, all requiring further exploration. Future research will build on the present work in further helping us to understand the circumstances and consequences involved for women in surrogacy.