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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Utilizing Community Health Workers To Support Latinx Women With Substance Use Disorder During Pregnancy, Alicia Claire Kletter May 2022

Utilizing Community Health Workers To Support Latinx Women With Substance Use Disorder During Pregnancy, Alicia Claire Kletter

DNP Qualifying Manuscripts

Community health workers in the Latinx community, sometimes called promotores de salud, are employed in a variety of medical settings to help increase access to health promoting services such as awareness, education, and screening. Given their deep understanding of the culture and community in which they work, community health workers in Latinx communities are increasingly included in the healthcare team for their cultural sensitivity and versatility with hard- to-reach populations, including the support of pregnant women and children. An integrative review of the literature seeks to understand if community health workers can improve outcomes for pregnant women who also suffer ...


Benefits Of Exercise In Pregnant Women, Jenna Renee Barretto May 2022

Benefits Of Exercise In Pregnant Women, Jenna Renee Barretto

Nursing | Senior Theses

Exercise is an important lifestyle habit to include in one's daily routine. Remaining physical activity during pregnancy is important. According to the CDC, pregnant women should, “Get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity during pregnancy and the postpartum period.” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). This paper will encompass a range of topics that highlight the benefits of exercise from a physiological as well as a mental health standpoint. Although more research needs to be conducted to solidify the benefits of exercise, the articles that were collected demonstrate how it can help mothers have a healthy ...


Opioid Use Disorder And Infant Health Outcomes: A Literature Review, Shayln Russell-Fritch Apr 2022

Opioid Use Disorder And Infant Health Outcomes: A Literature Review, Shayln Russell-Fritch

Epsilon Sigma at-Large Research Conference

Introduction and background

Opioid use disorder (OUD) is an epidemic in the U.S. OUD affects both the mother’s and infant’s health. Substance-exposed infants suffer from decreased health outcomes relative to non-exposed infants.

Purpose

The aim is to identify infant health outcomes when pregnant women are prescribed medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for OUD. Among pregnant women with OUD in the U.S., is medication-assisted therapy as compared to no therapy associated with decreased negative infant health outcomes?

Literature review

Five studies on OUD and infant outcomes in the U.S. were reviewed. CINAHL and PubMed were searched using terms ...


Exploring The Occupational Impact Of Pregnancy And The Role Of Occupational Therapy During The Prenatal Period, Monica Wutzke, Karen Park, Susan Macdermott Apr 2022

Exploring The Occupational Impact Of Pregnancy And The Role Of Occupational Therapy During The Prenatal Period, Monica Wutzke, Karen Park, Susan Macdermott

Spring 2022 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Background: Pregnancy is a major transitional period accompanied by different physiological changes that can impact performance and engagement in meaningful and needed daily occupations. There is currently limited research that examines the transition to parenthood during the prenatal period through an occupational therapy (OT) perspective.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact pregnancy has on an individual’s roles, routines, and daily occupations. This study aimed to investigate this through an OT lens in order to better identify how the needs of pregnant individuals fall within the scope of OT.

Methods: Pregnant individuals participated in an ...


Comparing An Evidence-Based Screening Tool To Standard Substance Abuse Screening Questions In Identifying Pregnant Women At Risk For Substance Abuse, Nicole Y. Romero Apr 2022

Comparing An Evidence-Based Screening Tool To Standard Substance Abuse Screening Questions In Identifying Pregnant Women At Risk For Substance Abuse, Nicole Y. Romero

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

The purpose of the study project was to compare a nonspecific substance screening questionnaire with a well validated, evidence-based substance screening tool designed specifically for the pregnant population Evidence has shown use of an evidence-based screening tool improves maternal and fetal outcomes and reduces the risk of missed cases, stereotyping, and stigma. This study project utilized the social learning theory model, which defines human behavior as a reciprocal, continuous interaction among cognitive, behavioral, and environmental determinants. A pilot observational study project was conducted within a focal organization in a specified women’s health clinic over a 12-week period comparing their ...


The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Aspirin In Pregnancy Among Women In Malaria-Endemic Countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M Mcclure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Jackie Patterson, Edward A Liechty, Fabian Esamai, Waldemar A Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani, Marion Koso-Thomas, Matthew Hoffman, Richard Derman, Steven R Meshnick, Carl L Bose Apr 2022

The Efficacy Of Low-Dose Aspirin In Pregnancy Among Women In Malaria-Endemic Countries, Melissa Bauserman, Sequoia I Leuba, Jennifer Hemingway-Foday, Tracy L Nolen, Janet Moore, Elizabeth M Mcclure, Adrien Lokangaka, Antoinette Tsehfu, Jackie Patterson, Edward A Liechty, Fabian Esamai, Waldemar A Carlo, Elwyn Chomba, Robert L Goldenberg, Sarah Saleem, Saleem Jessani, Marion Koso-Thomas, Matthew Hoffman, Richard Derman, Steven R Meshnick, Carl L Bose

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Low dose aspirin (LDA) is an effective strategy to reduce preterm birth. However, LDA might have differential effects globally, based on the etiology of preterm birth. In some regions, malaria in pregnancy could be an important modifier of LDA on birth outcomes and anemia.

Methods: This is a sub-study of the ASPIRIN trial, a multi-national, randomized, placebo controlled trial evaluating LDA effect on preterm birth. We enrolled a convenience sample of women in the ASPIRIN trial from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Kenya and Zambia. We used quantitative polymerase chain reaction to detect malaria. We calculated crude prevalence ...


The Obstetrical Management Of Hiv-Positive Pregnancy, Mihai George Loghin, Petre Gabriel Gorescki, Romina Marina Sima, Liana Pleș, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Ioana Paunica, Oana Denisa Bălălău Apr 2022

The Obstetrical Management Of Hiv-Positive Pregnancy, Mihai George Loghin, Petre Gabriel Gorescki, Romina Marina Sima, Liana Pleș, Daniela Gabriela Balan, Ioana Paunica, Oana Denisa Bălălău

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a real public health problem in both developing and developed countries. HIV infection has not been treated efficiently for a long time, with HIV-positive women at increased risk of transmitting the infection to their newborns. Without the appropriate treatment, the evolution of the infection is relatively fast. Due to the antiretroviral treatment, the progression of the disease is blocked during the period of asymptomatic infection, and the risk of neonatal transmission is very low. HIV-positive patients undergoing antiretroviral therapy develop undetectable viremia and, in such situations, patients no longer have a risk of ...


Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan Apr 2022

Prenatal Drug Exposure And Its Effects On Fetal Development: Clinical And Health Education Implications, Johanna Marie Olo Tapangan

Senior Honors Theses

Prenatal drug exposure is a common clinical phenomenon in pregnancy cases. Pregnancy is a fragile period of time for both the mother and the fetus. Therefore, strict drug regulation is important to ensure the safety and wellbeing of the developing fetus. Certain drugs, once thought to be safe, have been found to have detrimental effects on the normal development of functioning organ systems in the fetus. Current research has identified drugs that when taken during pregnancy can result in the onset of fetal physical abnormalities, impaired brain development, and disrupted organogenesis and organ function. Thalidomide, losartan, opioids, alcohol, and caffeine ...


Ovarian Reserve Parameters And Ivf Outcomes In 510 Women With Poor Ovarian Response (Por) Treated With Intraovarian Injection Of Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (Prp), Yigit Cakiroglu, Aysen Yuceturk, Ozge Karaosmanoglu, Sule Yildirim Kopuk, Zeynep Ece Utkan Korun, Nola Herlihy, Richard T. Scott, Bulent Tiras, Emre Seli Mar 2022

Ovarian Reserve Parameters And Ivf Outcomes In 510 Women With Poor Ovarian Response (Por) Treated With Intraovarian Injection Of Autologous Platelet Rich Plasma (Prp), Yigit Cakiroglu, Aysen Yuceturk, Ozge Karaosmanoglu, Sule Yildirim Kopuk, Zeynep Ece Utkan Korun, Nola Herlihy, Richard T. Scott, Bulent Tiras, Emre Seli

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

The aim of the current study was to characterize ovarian reserve parameters and IVF outcomes in women with a history of poor ovarian response (POR) treated with intraovarian injection of autologous platelet rich plasma (PRP). Reproductive age women (N=510; age range 30-45yo) diagnosed with POR based on Poseidon criteria were included in the study. PRP treatment resulted in higher AFC, higher serum AMH, lower serum FSH, and a higher number of mature oocytes and cleavage and blastocyst stage embryos. After PRP injection, 22 women (4.3%) conceived spontaneously, 14 (2.7%) were lost to follow up, and 474 (92 ...


The Characteristics Of Biofeedback Techniques Used In Pelvic Floor Muscle Training For Healthy Pregnant Women – A Narrative Review, Monika Bludnicka, Magdalena Piernicka, Anna Szumilewicz Mar 2022

The Characteristics Of Biofeedback Techniques Used In Pelvic Floor Muscle Training For Healthy Pregnant Women – A Narrative Review, Monika Bludnicka, Magdalena Piernicka, Anna Szumilewicz

Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity

Background: Due to the location of pelvic floor muscles, training with biofeedback for this muscle group is encouraged. The aim of this study was to characterize the use patterns of various biofeedback techniques in pelvic floor muscle training in healthy pregnant women. Material and Methods: It was a narrative review study using MEDLINE database and the following keywords: ‘pelvic floor’, ‘pregnancy’ and ‘biofeedback’. For the analysis we included 8 studies meeting the criteria of being experimental trials in healthy pregnant women and including the characteristics of biofeedback techniques used in pelvic floor muscle training. Results: The most commonly used technique ...


Placental Lesions And Differential Expression Of Pro-And Anti-Angiogenic Growth Mediators And Oxidative Dna Damage Marker In Placentae Of Ghanaian Suboptimal And Optimal Health Status Pregnant Women Who Later Developed Preeclampsia, Enoch Odame Anto, David Antony Coall, Emmanuel Akomanin Asiamah, Osei Owusu Afriyie, Otchere Addai-Mensah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, W. K. B. A. Owiredu, Christian Obirikorang, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Nicholas Akinwale Titiloye, Eric Adua, Emmanuel Acheampong, Evans Asamoah Adu, Stephen Opoku, Agartha Odame Anto, Augustine Tawiah, Youxin Wang, Wei Wang Mar 2022

Placental Lesions And Differential Expression Of Pro-And Anti-Angiogenic Growth Mediators And Oxidative Dna Damage Marker In Placentae Of Ghanaian Suboptimal And Optimal Health Status Pregnant Women Who Later Developed Preeclampsia, Enoch Odame Anto, David Antony Coall, Emmanuel Akomanin Asiamah, Osei Owusu Afriyie, Otchere Addai-Mensah, Yaw Amo Wiafe, W. K. B. A. Owiredu, Christian Obirikorang, Max Efui Annani-Akollor, Nicholas Akinwale Titiloye, Eric Adua, Emmanuel Acheampong, Evans Asamoah Adu, Stephen Opoku, Agartha Odame Anto, Augustine Tawiah, Youxin Wang, Wei Wang

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background Angiogenic growth mediators (AGMs) and oxidative stress (OS) both play essential roles in normal placental vascular development and as such, placental alterations in these factors contribute to pre-eclampsia (PE). Suboptimal health status (SHS), an intermediate between health and disease, has been associated with imbalanced AGMs and OS biomarkers. Thus, SHS pregnant women may be at increased risk of developing PE and may present abnormal placental alteration and expression of AGMs and OS compared to optimal health status (OHS) pregnant women. We examined the histopathological morphology, immunohistochemical expression of AGMs antibodies and oxidative DNA damage marker in the placentae of ...


Development And Management Of Depression During And After Pregnancy, Alexa Bouts, Maria Patnella, Jourdan Ujlaki, Emily Wells, Hannah Lamb, Michelle Musser Mar 2022

Development And Management Of Depression During And After Pregnancy, Alexa Bouts, Maria Patnella, Jourdan Ujlaki, Emily Wells, Hannah Lamb, Michelle Musser

Pharmacy and Wellness Review

Depression during pregnancy is common, whether it is a new onset of the disease or emerging symptoms of the already existent disease. Due to patient and prescriber concerns with antidepressant use during pregnancy, approximately three-quarters of those diagnosed with depression remain untreated. Furthermore, up to half of pregnant women with depression remain undiagnosed due to lack of recognition. As a result, both mother and fetus are at risk for negative health outcomes including substance abuse, functional impairment, increased risk of postnatal depression and poor pregnancy outcomes. Benefits must be balanced against the risks when considering pharmacologic treatment options to manage ...


Characteristics And Birth Outcomes Of Pregnant Adolescents Compared To Older Women: An Analysis Of Individual Level Data From 140,000 Mothers From 20 Rcts, Nadia Akseer, Emily Catherine Keats, Pravheen Thurairajah, Simon Cousens, Ana Pilar Bétran, Brietta M. Oaks, David Osrin, Ellen Piwoz, Exnevia Gomo, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta Feb 2022

Characteristics And Birth Outcomes Of Pregnant Adolescents Compared To Older Women: An Analysis Of Individual Level Data From 140,000 Mothers From 20 Rcts, Nadia Akseer, Emily Catherine Keats, Pravheen Thurairajah, Simon Cousens, Ana Pilar Bétran, Brietta M. Oaks, David Osrin, Ellen Piwoz, Exnevia Gomo, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Adolescence is a critical period of maturation when nutrient needs are high, especially among adolescents entering pregnancy. Using individual-level data from 140,000 participants, we examined socioeconomic, nutrition, and pregnancy and birth outcomes for adolescent mothers (10-19 years) compared to older mothers in low and middle-income countries.
Methods: This study was conducted between March 16, 2018 and May 25, 2021. Data were obtained from 20 randomised controlled trials of micronutrient supplementation in pregnancy. Stratified analyses were conducted by age (10-14 years, 15-17 years, 18-19 years, 20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40+ years) and geographical region (Africa, Asia). Crude and confounder-adjusted ...


Management Of Infective Endocarditis In Pregnancy By A Multidisciplinary Team: A Case Series, Kayle S. Shapero, Varidhi Nauriyal, Christina Megli, Kathryn Berlacher, Sami El-Dalati Feb 2022

Management Of Infective Endocarditis In Pregnancy By A Multidisciplinary Team: A Case Series, Kayle S. Shapero, Varidhi Nauriyal, Christina Megli, Kathryn Berlacher, Sami El-Dalati

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Introduction: The incidence of infective endocarditis (IE) in pregnancy is rare and has been increasing during the opioid epidemic. IE in pregnancy is associated with high rates of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Multidisciplinary endocarditis teams for management of IE have been shown to reduce in-hospital and 1-year mortality. We present a single-center experience managing IE in pregnancy utilizing a multidisciplinary endocarditis team.

Methods: Patients diagnosed with IE while pregnant or within 30 days post-partum were identified. All patients discussed at the institution's weekly multidisciplinary endocarditis meeting were included. Demographic and clinical data and outcome-related variables were retrospectively ...


Understanding The Needs Of A Mobile Phone-Based Telemonitoring Program For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Pre-Eclampsia: Interpretive Qualitative Description Study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Emily Seto Feb 2022

Understanding The Needs Of A Mobile Phone-Based Telemonitoring Program For Pregnant Women At High Risk For Pre-Eclampsia: Interpretive Qualitative Description Study, Anam Shahil Feroz, Kristina De Vera, Nadia D. Bragagnolo, Sarah Saleem, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Emily Seto

Community Health Sciences

Background: Lack of early risk detection, diagnosis, and treatment of pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia can result in high maternal mortality and morbidity not only in Pakistan but also in other low- to middle-income countries (LMICs). A potential tool for supporting pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia for early detection is telemonitoring (TM). However, there is a limited body of evidence on end-user needs and preferences to inform the design of the TM programs for pregnant women at high risk for pre-eclampsia, specifically in LMICs such as Pakistan.
Objective: This study aims to explore the needs of ...


Dissecting Fc Signatures Of Protection In Neonates Following Maternal Influenza Vaccination In A Placebo-Controlled Trial., Carolyn M Boudreau, John S Burke, Kiel D Shuey, Caitlin Wolf, Joanne Katz, James Tielsch, Subarna Khatry, Steven C Leclerq, Janet A Englund, Helen Y Chu, Galit Alter Feb 2022

Dissecting Fc Signatures Of Protection In Neonates Following Maternal Influenza Vaccination In A Placebo-Controlled Trial., Carolyn M Boudreau, John S Burke, Kiel D Shuey, Caitlin Wolf, Joanne Katz, James Tielsch, Subarna Khatry, Steven C Leclerq, Janet A Englund, Helen Y Chu, Galit Alter

Global Health Faculty Publications

Influenza is an important cause of illness and morbidity for infants. Seasonal influenza vaccination during pregnancy aims to provide protection to mothers, but it can also provide immunity to infants. The precise influence of maternal vaccination on immunity in infants and how vaccine-elicited antibodies provide protection in some but not all infants is incompletely understood. We comprehensively profiled the transfer of functional antibodies and defined humoral factors contributing to immunity against influenza in a clinical trial of maternal influenza vaccination. Influenza-specific antibody subclass levels, Fc ɣ receptor (FCGR) binding levels, and antibody-dependent innate immune functions were all profiled in the ...


The Design And Impact Of A Rural Community Supported Doula Program, Kalin Jean Gregory-Davis, Sandra Zapien, Erin Abigail Gregory-Davis, Maria Rossi, Victoria Hart Jan 2022

The Design And Impact Of A Rural Community Supported Doula Program, Kalin Jean Gregory-Davis, Sandra Zapien, Erin Abigail Gregory-Davis, Maria Rossi, Victoria Hart

Larner College of Medicine Fourth Year Advanced Integration Teaching/Scholarly Projects

Objective: to evaluate the design and impact of a doula program in rural Vermont by exploring client demographics and perspectives on the doula care received. This research aims to better understand the population the program serves, the specific challenges they face, and how to mitigate these challenges in the perinatal and post-partum period with a social work model of doula care.

Design: a qualitative, descriptive study giving voice to the client experience of a doula program steeped in a social work model of care.

Methods: semi-structured interviews carried out in July and August of 2021. Interviews were coded and analyzed ...


Evaluating Providers’ Knowledge, Attitudes And Intentions Toward Assessing Pregnancy Desires In Women Of Childbearing Age, Sydney Hahn Jan 2022

Evaluating Providers’ Knowledge, Attitudes And Intentions Toward Assessing Pregnancy Desires In Women Of Childbearing Age, Sydney Hahn

DNP Projects

Abstract

Background: Unintended pregnancies account for over half of all pregnancies in the United States. Unintended pregnancies can lead to abortion, socioeconomic difficulties, medical complications, psychological issues, and political issues. Unintended pregnancies are potentially harmful to both the mother and the baby. Healthy People 2030 listed reducing the number of unintended pregnancies as one of their family planning objectives.

Purpose: The purpose of this DNP project was to evaluate providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and intentions toward assessing pregnancy desires in women of childbearing age. Methods: The study was a one-group pre/post intervention design. The data was gathered via a convivence ...


Evaluation Of Clinical And Laboratory Findings In Severe Group Covid-19 Pregnants Without Comorbidity, Fatma Bozkurt, Ömer Çoşkun, Sevda Yeleç, Muhammed Bekçibaşi, Muhammet Asena, İhsan Bağli Jan 2022

Evaluation Of Clinical And Laboratory Findings In Severe Group Covid-19 Pregnants Without Comorbidity, Fatma Bozkurt, Ömer Çoşkun, Sevda Yeleç, Muhammed Bekçibaşi, Muhammet Asena, İhsan Bağli

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: COVID - 19 disease may be seen with different clinical presentations in pregnant women. Comorbid diseases are important factors affecting the progression of this disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory findings in pregnant women with COVID - 19 who had no comorbid disease. Material and methods: This retrospective designed study included 217 patients with Covid PCR positive in typically COVID - 19 clinic. The patients were classified into asymptomatic, nonsevere, and severe disease groups. The symptoms, laboratory results, hospital follow- ups and intensive care records of the patients and the findings of new borns are ...


Online Support For Families Affected By Opioid Use Disorder, Sharonda Hill Jan 2022

Online Support For Families Affected By Opioid Use Disorder, Sharonda Hill

Doctor of Nursing Practice Capstone Projects

Abstract

Families who care for children with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) face many challenges and may be lacking support. The purpose of this project was to provide evidence-based information to families caring for NAS children through an established online support group, To the Moon and Back. Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model was the theoretical model used to guide this project. An intervention to deliver support and information was implemented through three sessions. During these sessions participants were educated on evidenced-based tools to help their children with behavioral self- regulation and communication with providers. Data was collected through pre and ...


Upregulation Of Irisin And Vitamin D-Binding Protein Concentrations By Increasing Maternal 25-Hydrovitamin D Concentrations In Combination With Specific Genotypes Of Vitamin D-Binding Protein Polymorphisms, Spyridon N. Karras, Erdinç Dursun, Merve Alaylıoglu, Duygu Gezen-Ak, Fatme Al Anouti, Stefan Pilz, Pawel Pludowski, Edward Jude, Kalliopi Kotsa Jan 2022

Upregulation Of Irisin And Vitamin D-Binding Protein Concentrations By Increasing Maternal 25-Hydrovitamin D Concentrations In Combination With Specific Genotypes Of Vitamin D-Binding Protein Polymorphisms, Spyridon N. Karras, Erdinç Dursun, Merve Alaylıoglu, Duygu Gezen-Ak, Fatme Al Anouti, Stefan Pilz, Pawel Pludowski, Edward Jude, Kalliopi Kotsa

All Works

Dyshomeostasis of vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) has been implicated in the patho-genesis of various pregnancy complications, including preeclampsia, preterm birth, gestational di-abetes, and adverse metabolic profiles in the offspring. VDBP polymorphisms have been consistently reported to contribute to this intriguing interplay. Until recently, the effects of VDBP poly-morphism heterogeneity on maternal and neonatal adipomyokine profiles have not been investi-gated, specifically after incorporating the different maternal and neonatal 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration cut-offs at birth. We aimed to investigate the potential effects of maternal and neonatal VDBP polymorphisms on adiponectin, irisin, and VDBP concentrations at birth, according to different cut-offs of vitamin ...


Pain That Only She Must Bear: On The Invisibility Of Women In Judicial Abortion Rhetoric, Francesca Laguardia Jan 2022

Pain That Only She Must Bear: On The Invisibility Of Women In Judicial Abortion Rhetoric, Francesca Laguardia

Department of Justice Studies Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

The graphic and bodily facts of a legal question of rights are relevant to the courts, particularly in questions that directly implicate physical bodies and pain, such as right to die cases, or what level of search may be allowable and when. However, in the case of abortion, or more specifically the bodily ramifications of pregnancy and childbirth, this detail is conspicuously absent. This article, relying on a content analysis of over 220 legal opinions on abortion rights, documents this absence of rhetoric. Particularly in the context of other discussions of pain and physical health risks in these very same ...


The Safety Of Covid-19 Vaccines In Pregnancy, Lauren Zacharias Jan 2022

The Safety Of Covid-19 Vaccines In Pregnancy, Lauren Zacharias

Capstone Showcase

SARS-CoV-2 has caused over 800,000 deaths in the United States since it was first detected here in 2020. Despite there being 3 available COVID-19 vaccines in the US, and recommendations by the CDC and countless other public health agencies that any potential risks are outweighed by the benefit of the vaccines, only 31% of pregnant women in the US are vaccinated against COVID-19 due to unfounded claims by an anti-vaccination movement that COVID mRNA vaccines cause infertility. This presentation explores where these claims originated, why they are untrue, the risks of COVID-19 infections in pregnancy, and the potential benefits ...


Does Administration Of Probiotics To Women Aiming To Get Pregnant Reduce The Risk Of Pregnancy Complications?, Olivia Kreider Jan 2022

Does Administration Of Probiotics To Women Aiming To Get Pregnant Reduce The Risk Of Pregnancy Complications?, Olivia Kreider

Capstone Showcase

This paper aims to assess the role of the vaginal and uterine microbiota in pregnancy complications, specifically miscarriages. With 1% of women experiencing recurrent miscarriages, the need to further research risk factors for miscarriages is evident. The findings of this research revealed there may be a place for probiotics in the prevention of pregnancy complications. Studies have shown that there is an impact of various bacteria within the uterine and vaginal microbiota on conceiving and maintaining healthy, full-term pregnancies. Considering these findings, it is recommended that healthcare providers consider recommending probiotic supplements to anyone aiming to conceive, especially those who ...


A Serological Analysis Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection In The Obstetric Population, Sophia Rose Jan 2022

A Serological Analysis Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection In The Obstetric Population, Sophia Rose

CMC Senior Theses

In December 2019, the surfacing and spread of a novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, resulted in the global COVID-19 pandemic. As a viral antigen, SARS-CoV-2 poses a particular threat to the obstetric population due to physiological and immunological changes that women face during pregnancy. While recent studies have found that SARS-CoV-2 may have better clinical outcomes as compared to other betacoronaviruses, adverse pregnancy events such as ICU admission, preeclampsia, and/or preterm birth have been associated with COVID-19. Progress has been made in better understanding the pathophysiology of SARS-CoV-2 in pregnancy, but there is still much to be known about the interaction ...


The Use Of Complementary Medicine During Childbearing Years: A Multi-Country Study Of Women From The Middle East, Diana Arabiat, Lisa Whitehead, Samia Gaballah, Nazi Nejat, Ebtehal Galal, Eman Abu Sabah, Nazek Smadi, Inas Saadeh, Randa Khlaif Jan 2022

The Use Of Complementary Medicine During Childbearing Years: A Multi-Country Study Of Women From The Middle East, Diana Arabiat, Lisa Whitehead, Samia Gaballah, Nazi Nejat, Ebtehal Galal, Eman Abu Sabah, Nazek Smadi, Inas Saadeh, Randa Khlaif

Research outputs 2014 to 2021

The prevalence of self-prescribed complementary medicine (CM) use is an area of concern across the Middle East. We conducted a descriptive qualitative study to describe women’s use of CM during their childbearing years in Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Iran. The study conducted using face to face audio-recorded interviews with 70 participants. Our findings showed that women used several herbal plants to ease pain and discomfort during menstruation and/or during pregnancy and in postpartum care. Acupuncture, meditation, and massage were less likely to be used by women. The impact of CM was often described in relation to perceived ...


Pregnancy And Its Outcomes In Hemodialysis Patients In Turkey, Hamad Dheir, Özkan Güngör, Memnune Sena Ulu, Ebru Gök Oğuz, Necmi Eren, Orçun Altunören, Erhan Tatar, Kadir Gökhan Atilgan, Süleyman Karaköse, İbrahim Güney, Eray Eroğlu, Rüya Mutluay, İlter Bozaci, Alper Alp, Hakan Akdam Jan 2022

Pregnancy And Its Outcomes In Hemodialysis Patients In Turkey, Hamad Dheir, Özkan Güngör, Memnune Sena Ulu, Ebru Gök Oğuz, Necmi Eren, Orçun Altunören, Erhan Tatar, Kadir Gökhan Atilgan, Süleyman Karaköse, İbrahim Güney, Eray Eroğlu, Rüya Mutluay, İlter Bozaci, Alper Alp, Hakan Akdam

Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences

Background/aim: This study aimed to investigate pregnancy frequency and evaluate the factors affecting live births in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Materials and methods: Female HD patients whose pregnancy was retrospectively reported between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2019. The duration of HD, primary disease, and the information on whether the pregnancy resulted in abortion, stillbirth, or live birth, whether the HD duration was prolonged after diagnosing the pregnancy and whether it accompanied preeclampsia were recorded. Results: In this study, we reached 9038 HD female patients' data in the study. A total of 235 pregnancies were detected in 145 patients ...


Circumcision For The Male Infant: Patient Education And Cultural Humility, Grace E. Eisenbiegler Jan 2022

Circumcision For The Male Infant: Patient Education And Cultural Humility, Grace E. Eisenbiegler

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Male circumcision is a religious and cultural decision that has become increasingly medicalized. Many families make decisions about circumcision based on culture and family without true informed consent. There is a need for unbiased information, prior to delivery, about circumcision, so that families may make an informed decision that is right for them. A one page document was created as an addition to the clinic's pregnancy guide with information on risks and benefits of circumcision, complications associated with the uncircumcised penis, cultural significance, and care of the uncircumcised penis.


Epidural Anesthesia For Cesarean Section For Parturient With Recently Diagnosed Asymptomatic Chiari Malformation Type I: A Case Report, Ashie Kapoor, Jon Halling Dec 2021

Epidural Anesthesia For Cesarean Section For Parturient With Recently Diagnosed Asymptomatic Chiari Malformation Type I: A Case Report, Ashie Kapoor, Jon Halling

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Chiari malformations (CMs) are congenital defects of the brain and skull that result in inferior displacement of the cerebellum. There are four types of CMs distinguished by the severity of the anatomic defects and parts of the brain that protrude beyond the foramen magnum. Of these types, CM Type I (CMI) is the least severe. It is characterized by the downward displacement of the cerebellar tonsils beyond the foramen magnum by more than 5 millimeters and goes into the cervical spinal canal. CMI is the most common type with an incidence of 0.1-0.5% in the general population and ...


The Impact Of Race-Ethnicity On The Antenatal Detection Of Small For Gestational Age Infants, Lauren Orr Dec 2021

The Impact Of Race-Ethnicity On The Antenatal Detection Of Small For Gestational Age Infants, Lauren Orr

Morningside Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses

Objective: To examine differences in the antenatal detection rate of small for gestational age (SGA) infants among several race-ethnicity groups and determine whether perinatal outcomes differ in antenatally detected versus undetected SGA infants according to race-ethnicity.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at a single tertiary care center that evaluated all deliveries of SGA infants >23 weeks gestation between January 2016-January 2020. Race and ethnicity were self-reported and categorized as non-Hispanic White, non-Hispanic Black, Hispanic, or Asian. The medical charts of those eligible were reviewed and the primary study outcomes were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression analyses with accompanying ...