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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Fall 2021 Oct 2921

Fall 2021

Scientia

A Decade of Progress and Success; Speech Language Pathology Program; COVID-19 Long-Hauler Study; Peer Mentors Initiative; Faculty Update; Expert Engagement: Three CSH initiatives further education and scholarship while supporting communities in need; Strategic Command: Business consultant and med tech expert Stephen Sichak helps others face pandemic challenges; Taking Care: A School of Nursing research team plumbs the pandemic experiences of nurses nationwide


The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales Dec 2022

The Emerging Epidemic Of Type 2 Diabetes And Obesity Amongst Young Children, Juliana Morales

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background:

In the past years childhood obesity has increased tremendously and currently ⅓ of children in the United States are obese today. Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes are illnesses that can later on lead to more severe health complications when as a child enters adulthood. Children who are obese have a greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, and currently more than 80% of children who already are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes are obese. In school and often by health care providers we are told daily physical activity and healthy diet are the best ways to maintain optimal health ...


Factors Impacting Organ Transplant Outcomes, Katelyn Grubich Dec 2022

Factors Impacting Organ Transplant Outcomes, Katelyn Grubich

Nursing | Senior Theses

Organ transplants are crucial to the survival of those on the receiving end. With medicine advancing, so has transplantation. Health care providers are becoming more aware of the strategies necessary to prolong the transplanted organ and how to obtain better outcomes. Heart, lungs, kidney, liver, pancreas, and some where more than one organ are involved, are the types of organ transplants performed.

Providing patients information will allow them to be a part of their treatment and can help to ease their anxiety knowing what is being performed and what can be expected. Health care providers must ensure that patients and ...


Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong Dec 2022

Childhood And Adolescent Obesity: Related Comorbidities And Interventions, Jasmine Wong

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background

The prevalence of childhood and adolescent obesity in the United States has steadily risen over the years and has become a public health concern. Obesity is defined as a BMI at or above the 95th percentile for children and teens of the same age and sex. Obese children and adolescents are at risk for poor health and poor quality of life. Furthermore, there are numerous comorbidities associated with childhood and adolescent obesity. While some of the associated diseases are acute, others can become chronic and result in lifelong conditions.

Objective

The purpose of the present thesis is to explore ...


Nursing Practicum Equity For A Changing Nurse Student Demographic: A Qualitative Study, Lesley Andrew, Julie Dare, Ken Robinson, Leesa Costello Dec 2022

Nursing Practicum Equity For A Changing Nurse Student Demographic: A Qualitative Study, Lesley Andrew, Julie Dare, Ken Robinson, Leesa Costello

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background: The nursing practicum (clinical practice) is an essential but often highly stressful aspect of the nursing degree. A review of the published literature reveals a strong focus on the stressors that originate within the practicum environment, rather than the student’s life outside the university and practice setting. This article reports on an Australian study, completed before the COVID-19 pandemic, of the university experiences of undergraduate women nurse students with family responsibilities. The findings reveal the importance of factors outside the university on the women students’ practicum experience and their ability to engage and achieve. Methods: The study was ...


Econsent Forms On Ancillary Applications With Electronic Medical Record Integration – Reducing Consent Error, Lilian Chan May 2022

Econsent Forms On Ancillary Applications With Electronic Medical Record Integration – Reducing Consent Error, Lilian Chan

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Purpose of Project: The purpose of this project is to utilize electronic consents (eConsents) with ancillary applications as an evidence-based intervention to reduce consent errors.

Background: Studies show that paper-based handwritten forms have an error rate of up to 50%. Consent errors, especially in the preparation of surgery, are not merely documentation errors but patient safety pitfalls that allow for incorrect surgeries or financial loss due to aborted or delayed interventional cases. Internal organizational evidence indicates the implementation of an evidence-based opportunity as there was no use of electronic tools for consents utilized in the inpatient setting.

Methods: Inpatient departments ...


A Multimodal Approach To Decreasing Hesitancy And Increasing Uptake Of The Covid-19 Vaccine In The Family Care Setting, Meghan Zwierzynski May 2022

A Multimodal Approach To Decreasing Hesitancy And Increasing Uptake Of The Covid-19 Vaccine In The Family Care Setting, Meghan Zwierzynski

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Since December 2019, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has swept across the world, infecting and killing millions of people, making it one of the worst pandemics in history (WHO, 2021). However, the rates of confirmed cases and deaths have slowed since the discovery of the COVID-19 vaccine. The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to decrease vaccine hesitancy and increase uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine in the family care setting. The Iowa Model-Revised (Iowa Model Collaborative, 2017) is a practical, effective multi-step change process that acted as a guide for the EBP project. A review of literature showed ...


Effect Of Implementing Admission History Optimization On Perceived Nurse Documentation Burden, Chelsea Smith Hardin, Mary Johnson May 2022

Effect Of Implementing Admission History Optimization On Perceived Nurse Documentation Burden, Chelsea Smith Hardin, Mary Johnson

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Electronic health records (EHR) and computer-based documentation is a powerful tool which has been adopted extensively in the last twenty years. The effect of EHR integration on staff has not been well studied, especially among nurses.

Purpose

The purpose is to investigate how optimization of nursing documentation effects the burden of documentation on nurses.

Methods

This project evaluated the admission history documentation at a community hospital that used essential data sets (EDS) to optimize the documentation process for nursing. To evaluate the documentation burden, the Burden of Documentation for Nurses and Midwives (BurDoNsaM) survey will be used before implementation ...


School Of Nursing Class Of 2022 Hooding And Pinning Ceremony, Cedarville University May 2022

School Of Nursing Class Of 2022 Hooding And Pinning Ceremony, Cedarville University

B.S.N. and M.S.N. Academic Celebrations

No abstract provided.


Shining A Light On Mental Health, Mark Christians, Jon W. Moeller, Leah Mouw, Melanie Wynja May 2022

Shining A Light On Mental Health, Mark Christians, Jon W. Moeller, Leah Mouw, Melanie Wynja

Faculty Work Comprehensive List

"Each profession faces unique situations when it comes to serving those needing support with mental health, and it is important as Christians that we come together with a holistic approach."

Posting about care for individuals with mental health crises in the various professions from In All Things - an online journal for critical reflection on faith, culture, art, and every ordinary-yet-graced square inch of God’s creation.

https://inallthings.org/shining-a-light-on-mental-health/


Walking Is Worthy: Walking For Hypertension, Ashleigh Y. Peterson May 2022

Walking Is Worthy: Walking For Hypertension, Ashleigh Y. Peterson

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Elevated blood pressure (BP), or hypertension (HTN), can cause a cascade of detrimental effects to the body. It is associated with increased risk of stroke, angina, myocardial infarction, heart failure, peripheral artery disease, end-stage renal disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysms (Whelton et al., 2018). HTN is also a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the United States’ (U.S.) leading cause of death in men and women (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force [USPSTF], 2020). The PICOT question for this project was: does an eight-week (T) structured walking program utilizing a smartwatch for step ...


Empower You: An Adult Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management Program With Utilization Of A Mobile Phone Application, Kelsey Jahn May 2022

Empower You: An Adult Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Management Program With Utilization Of A Mobile Phone Application, Kelsey Jahn

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

In 2018, 34.2 million Americans had diabetes and there continues to be 1.5 million Americans diagnosed with diabetes every year (ADA, 2018). Due to this increasing prevalence, self-management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is essential to disease management. The PICOT question for this project was: In adults with T2DM with a hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) greater than 8% in a diabetes specialty clinic (P), what is the effect of a multimodal smartphone application (I) compared to prior nonuse of the application (C) on average blood glucose readings (O) over an 8-week period (T)? The project was completed in ...


Screening And Follow Up For Postpartum Depression: How To Improve Practice, Mallory Matusik May 2022

Screening And Follow Up For Postpartum Depression: How To Improve Practice, Mallory Matusik

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Postpartum depression (PPD) is one of the most common mental health conditions, affecting one in seven women during their reproductive years (American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [ACOG], 2018). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to improve screening and management of PPD using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) screening tool and a protocol for appropriate treatment and follow up care for PPD. A protocol was created by the project leader with information on screening and diagnosis, follow up, and treatment for PPD. The protocol also included information on how to assess for suicidal and/or homicidal ...


Academic-Practice Partnerships: Building The Post-Pandemic Nursing Workforce, Heather M. Van Housen May 2022

Academic-Practice Partnerships: Building The Post-Pandemic Nursing Workforce, Heather M. Van Housen

DNP Qualifying Manuscripts

As the healthcare industry recovers from the disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic, nursing workforce development across the continuum from entry-level nursing student to faculty development has come into focus as a top priority. This article discusses the benefit of increased academic-practice partnership models to meet the growing demand for registered nurses. These partnerships increase clinical placements for nursing students and provide opportunities for practicing nurses to prepare for a clinical instructor role.


Factors Contributing To Nurse Burnout In Oncology, Caroline Withers May 2022

Factors Contributing To Nurse Burnout In Oncology, Caroline Withers

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Nurse burnout is a pressing concern for healthcare with significant implications for all areas of nursing and patient outcomes. However, the specialty of oncology experiences burnout differently than other specialties for a multitude of reasons. This literature review aims to determine factors that contribute to nurse burnout within oncology, and identify evidence-based prevention strategies. The twenty studies included in the review underscore the crucial role of management and leadership in the prevention of nurse burnout. Further education and research are needed to better understand causes of burnout, as well as proper interventions. Interventions need to be established on a hospital ...


Nursing Students, Bullying, And Burnout: A Study On Bullying By Medical Staff Members Against Nursing Students In The Clinical Setting And Its Relation To Nursing Student Burnout, Kihley Bellamy May 2022

Nursing Students, Bullying, And Burnout: A Study On Bullying By Medical Staff Members Against Nursing Students In The Clinical Setting And Its Relation To Nursing Student Burnout, Kihley Bellamy

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The present study investigated the existence of bullying by medical staff members in the clinical setting as experienced by nursing students, the existence of burnout among these students, and if such students perceive feelings of burnout as directly related to experiences of bullying. Undergraduate main campus traditional Bachelor of Science in nursing students at East Tennessee State University in their second, third, fourth, or fifth semesters were invited to participate in the study. Participants (n=52) were required to complete an online survey that regarded bullying, burnout, and how participants perceive the relation between the two variables. The study shows ...


The Relationship Between Perceived Support And Post Traumatic Growth Among Nurses During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Anna Nieman May 2022

The Relationship Between Perceived Support And Post Traumatic Growth Among Nurses During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Anna Nieman

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Nurses continue to experience significant challenges related to the COVID-19 pandemic, putting them at risk of occupational stress, burnout, and turnover. The post-traumatic growth model focuses on growth and knowledge that comes from experiences of stress and trauma.

Aim: Identify post-traumatic growth (PTG) in a population of nurses affected by the COVID 19 pandemic.

Method: PTG was measured by the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory, a 21-item questionnaire with five factors: relating to others, new possibilities, appreciation of life, personal strength, and spiritual change. Participants (n=22) responded on a 6-point Likert scale, 0 for no change and 5 for great ...


Civility And Communication Interventions To Improve Patient Outcomes, Lane Denney May 2022

Civility And Communication Interventions To Improve Patient Outcomes, Lane Denney

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Communication in health care is vital for the successful care of patients and their outcomes while they are hospitalized. Healthcare workers are responsible for communicating patient information whether it is between change of shifts or reporting to a patient’s provider. It is important that this information is communicated effectively. This review evaluates how nurses communicate in shift- report and how this affects patient outcomes and civility between nursing units and teams. Overall, bedside shift reports promoted the best patient outcomes and increased teamwork on hospital units.


Effects Of Inadequate Nurse Staffing And Need For Standard Nurse-To-Patient Ratios To Increase Patient Safety In Acute Care Settings, Macey Schwenker May 2022

Effects Of Inadequate Nurse Staffing And Need For Standard Nurse-To-Patient Ratios To Increase Patient Safety In Acute Care Settings, Macey Schwenker

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study includes articles including research regarding the effects of the current nursing staff shortage and overtime on patient care and outcomes. A systematic review of research was conducted guided by PRISMA guidelines and consists of articles collected from PubMed. Studies were taken place in the United States, England, Taiwan, Singapore, United Kingdom, Brazil, South Korea, Sweden, India, and Australia involving hundreds of thousands of participants. Methods include mean ratio, regression models, surveys, and questionnaires. Nurse staffing shortages, overtime, and inadequate staffing increased the risk of patient mortality and decreased overall patient safety and quality of care in acute care ...


Evidence Based Practice Strategies: Using Price Lists And Peer Coaching To Improve Medication Cost Containment And Documentation Practices In Anesthesia Providers At An Urban Level One Trauma Center, Abigalle Ryan Sparrow May 2022

Evidence Based Practice Strategies: Using Price Lists And Peer Coaching To Improve Medication Cost Containment And Documentation Practices In Anesthesia Providers At An Urban Level One Trauma Center, Abigalle Ryan Sparrow

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

According to the American Association of Nurse Anesthetists (AANA) guidelines for Documenting Anesthesia Care Practice and Policy Considerations, anesthesia provider documentation represents a detailed account of the patient’s anesthesia care during various phases of anesthesia during their hospital stay (Documenting Anesthesia Care: Practice and Policy Considerations, 2016). The primary purpose of anesthesia documentation is to capture accurate and comprehensive information communicating a patient’s anesthetic experience, which includes the documentation of all administered medications. The patient’s electronic or written medical record is a legal document, which is also referenced for reimbursement, quality improvement, and review by external organizations ...


Sedation Assessment And Management In The Intensive Care Unit, Kimberly Dyer, Courtney Garvey May 2022

Sedation Assessment And Management In The Intensive Care Unit, Kimberly Dyer, Courtney Garvey

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

Nursing management of sedation medications in critical care patients is a complex responsibility, and studies have shown that proper use of sedation protocols can lead to improved patient outcomes. A knowledge gap among critical care nurses in the performance of Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) assessments was identified within a critical care unit during the 2019 annual skills day. Inaccurate RASS assessments may lead to inaccurate sedation management according to the current unit protocol and evidence from the literature, and therefore may impact patient outcomes. This project aims to improve a clinical practice within an intensive care unit. The objective ...


Identifying The Impacts Of Burnout On Bullying During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Janmarko Lapitan May 2022

Identifying The Impacts Of Burnout On Bullying During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Janmarko Lapitan

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background: Bullying and burnout has the potential to negatively impact nurses both at work and in their everyday lives and has been studied on various occasions. However, during the COVID-19 pandemic, burnout amongst nurses has been on the rise. Researchers have studied incidences where patients have bullied health care workers. However, no such study has been carried out to examine bullying between nurses during the pandemic.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to find whether burnout levels in nurses impacted bullying between nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: The research literature will discuss bullying and its effects on patients ...


Practicing Trauma-Informed Care In Nursing For A Better Outcome In Hospitalized Adolescents With Adverse Childhood Experiences And Trauma, Allysa Mia Fabricante May 2022

Practicing Trauma-Informed Care In Nursing For A Better Outcome In Hospitalized Adolescents With Adverse Childhood Experiences And Trauma, Allysa Mia Fabricante

Nursing | Senior Theses

As nurses we want to give our patients the best care. That is why trauma-informed care (TIC) is important to include into nursing practice. TIC is a fairly new idea that addresses a patient's whole past and present life. Incorporating it into nursing practice can benefit patients who have adverse childhood experiences and trauma. Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are traumatic events that occur to a person starting from birth to 17 years old. In a hospital setting an adolescent patient can be triggered if ACEs and trauma is not properly addressed. The long-term effects of ACEs can affect adolescents ...


Increasing Physical Activity In Women With Obesity To Promote Weight Loss, Ashley N. Kohler Apr 2022

Increasing Physical Activity In Women With Obesity To Promote Weight Loss, Ashley N. Kohler

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Obesity is a chronic disease associated with a multitude of lifelong chronic illnesses. Obesity impacts more than 42% of the United States population (CDC, 2021b). Physical inactivity is a major determinant of obesity (Muerer et al., 2019). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to promote a greater reduction in body mass index (BMI) of the participants enrolled in an existing wellness program at the EBP practice site by increasing the physical activity level of the participants compared to standard protocol. The existing wellness program’s standard protocol included diet modifications, physical activity encouragement, and medication management. The ...


Development Of An Experienced Quality Measure For Clients, Informal And Formal Caregivers In Home Care In The Netherlands: A Participatory Action Research, Roy Haex, Theresa Thoma-Lürken Phd, Anna J.H.M. Beurskens Phd, Sandra M.G. Zwakhalen Phd, Rn Apr 2022

Development Of An Experienced Quality Measure For Clients, Informal And Formal Caregivers In Home Care In The Netherlands: A Participatory Action Research, Roy Haex, Theresa Thoma-Lürken Phd, Anna J.H.M. Beurskens Phd, Sandra M.G. Zwakhalen Phd, Rn

Patient Experience Journal

To optimise home care provision and to identify potential improvements in the care process, it is important to gain insight into the care experiences that influence care quality. The aim was to develop a qualitative experienced quality measure for home care in The Netherlands, facilitating conversations between clients and caregivers in generating possible points of improvement for the primary care process. A participatory action research design to develop the measure following three iterative cycles, using various data sources in evaluating requirements related to the goal, feasibility in care setting, and usability in the care process. The final design comprises an ...


Nur 265: Introduction To Nursing Research And Evidence-Based Practice Oer Curation, Chealsye Bowley Apr 2022

Nur 265: Introduction To Nursing Research And Evidence-Based Practice Oer Curation, Chealsye Bowley

Curated OER Collections

This OER curation is an annotated bibliography of prospective OER for the GVSU course NUR 265: Introduction to Nursing Research and Evidence-based Practice.


Nur 621: Clinical Pathophysiology Oer Curation, Chealsye Bowley Apr 2022

Nur 621: Clinical Pathophysiology Oer Curation, Chealsye Bowley

Curated OER Collections

This OER curation is an annotated bibliography of prospective OER for the GVSU course NUR 621: Clinical Pathophysiology, assembled by request from the instructor.


Moving On After Critical Incidents In Health Care: A Qualitative Study Of The Perspectives And Experiences Of Second Victims, Melanie Buhlmann, Beverley Ewens, Amineh Rashidi Apr 2022

Moving On After Critical Incidents In Health Care: A Qualitative Study Of The Perspectives And Experiences Of Second Victims, Melanie Buhlmann, Beverley Ewens, Amineh Rashidi

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Aims To gain a deeper understanding of nurses and midwives' experiences following involvement in a critical incident in a non-critical care area and to explore how they have 'moved-on' from the event. Design An interpretive descriptive design guided inductive inquiry to interpret the meaning of moving-on. Methods Purposive sampling recruited 10 nurses and midwives. Data collection comprised semi-structured interviews, memos and field notes. Data were concurrently collected and analysed during 2016–2017 with NVivo 11. The thematic analysis enabled a coherent analytical framework evolving emerging themes and transformation of the data into credible interpretive description findings, adhering to the COREQ ...


When "First, Do No Harm" Fails: A Restorative Justice Approach To Workgroup Harms In Healthcare, Pedro L. Flores Apr 2022

When "First, Do No Harm" Fails: A Restorative Justice Approach To Workgroup Harms In Healthcare, Pedro L. Flores

Dissertations

In healthcare, workgroup mistreatment is a pervasive problem that begins during medical education (medical and nursing school) and becomes embedded in the “hidden curriculum of professionalism,” which dissuades and even punishes learners for talking about abuse they witness. Furthermore, the mistreatment of healthcare providers (HCPs) pervades all disciplines in the healthcare delivery chain due to a combination of cultural factors, systemic pressures, dysfunctional hierarchies, and leadership’s tolerance of intimidating and disruptive behaviors. Not surprisingly, 18% of U.S. HCPs have left the medical field since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, and burnout, stress, anxiety, and increased workloads have ...


Domestic Violence And Abuse In The Healthcare Setting, Madison Garrett, Michaela Franklin, Tiffany Gragg, Nicholas Stuckwish Apr 2022

Domestic Violence And Abuse In The Healthcare Setting, Madison Garrett, Michaela Franklin, Tiffany Gragg, Nicholas Stuckwish

Epsilon Sigma at-Large Research Conference

Introduction and Background: Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) is a growing global concern that affects patients encountered by nurses. DVA is defined as anything that is used to establish and maintain control over another person. The occurrence of DVA has ongoing negative consequences for patients related to their safety, especially if nurses are not properly trained to detect and control the situation.

Purpose Statement: For all registered nurses, does ongoing training opportunities and implemented universal screening processes on DVA, as compared to inadequate training and generalized screening processes, lead to effectively detecting DVA and providing better emotional, physical, and safety ...