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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Fall 2021 Oct 2921

Fall 2021

Scientia

A Decade of Progress and Success; Speech Language Pathology Program; COVID-19 Long-Hauler Study; Peer Mentors Initiative; Faculty Update; Expert Engagement: Three CSH initiatives further education and scholarship while supporting communities in need; Strategic Command: Business consultant and med tech expert Stephen Sichak helps others face pandemic challenges; Taking Care: A School of Nursing research team plumbs the pandemic experiences of nurses nationwide


The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Defects In The Pre And Postoperative Setting, Janelle Marie Choy Dec 2024

The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Defects In The Pre And Postoperative Setting, Janelle Marie Choy

Nursing | Student Research Posters

Congenital heart defects is a prominent medical occurrence especially in pediatrics. These defects often require surgeries and extensive treatment plans. These treatment plans often include invasive surgeries and extensive treatment plans which can require long recovery times along with potential surgical complications. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on pediatric patients with congenital heart defects in the pre and postoperative setting and how music therapy can be implemented in treatment plans to yield effective recovery results for these patients. This research is significant as elevated vital signs and preoperative anxiety are associated with an increased need …


Respiratory Illnesses In Women And Children From Ghana: Problem Identification And Intervention, Stephanie Dale May 2024

Respiratory Illnesses In Women And Children From Ghana: Problem Identification And Intervention, Stephanie Dale

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Rural communities in the upper east region of Ghana currently cook with traditional coal pots that produce increased levels of smoke resulting in rapid fuel consumption, increased air pollution, and high levels of respiratory illness in the women and children who use them. New stoves have been developed that remain similar to the traditional ones in use but are designed to provide a variety of benefits such as lowering the cost of fuel, reducing air pollution, and decreasing rates of respiratory illness in women and children. The purpose of this research study was to identify why women have not begun …


Implementation And Evaluation Of A Structured Mentorship Program, Cary Bedinghaus, Caroline Hillman Apr 2024

Implementation And Evaluation Of A Structured Mentorship Program, Cary Bedinghaus, Caroline Hillman

Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects

The project addresses mentorship in a graduate nursing anesthesia program. The goal is to improve the existing mentorship program and to implement a durable and consistent system that gathers and responds to feedback from the students. Two literature reviews form the underpinnings of the structure and evaluation components of the project. Three structural components were identified in the review as highly effective in multiple studies of diverse mentorship programs. The first component is establishing an effective dyad matching scheme. The second component is establishing clear goals. The third component is maintaining the relationship and achieving goals through frequent and consistent …


Student Peer Mentorship In Prelicensure Nursing Programs: A Scoping Review, Jacqueline Avanthay Strus, Julie Savard, Chloe Manaigre, Teaghan Mitchell, Ariane Gauthier, Patricia Bourrier, Rhéanne Girard, Danielle De Moissac Feb 2024

Student Peer Mentorship In Prelicensure Nursing Programs: A Scoping Review, Jacqueline Avanthay Strus, Julie Savard, Chloe Manaigre, Teaghan Mitchell, Ariane Gauthier, Patricia Bourrier, Rhéanne Girard, Danielle De Moissac

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Abstract

A scoping review was undertaken to inform the development of a peer mentoring program in the nursing faculty of an official-language francophone minority post-secondary institution in Western Canada. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with mentorship coordinators in seven undergraduate nursing programs across Canada. The results of the semi-structured interviews were used to corroborate the information gathered during the scoping review.

Analysis of the scoping review showed that the mentoring programs were designed based on a perceived need expressed by faculty and students. All programs involved a multi-stage implementation and evaluation process. Many articles focused on the benefits of implementing mentoring …


Adaptation De L’Instrument « Évaluation De L’Environnement D’Apprentissage Clinique » : Ajout De La Composante De La Dynamique De Groupe, Marjolaine Dionne Merlin, Frances Gallagher, Stéphan Lavoie Feb 2024

Adaptation De L’Instrument « Évaluation De L’Environnement D’Apprentissage Clinique » : Ajout De La Composante De La Dynamique De Groupe, Marjolaine Dionne Merlin, Frances Gallagher, Stéphan Lavoie

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Résumé

Contexte et problématique : Lors d’un stage en groupe, la dynamique entre les stagiaires du groupe peut compromettre leurs apprentissages et nuire à l’expérience de stage. Les instruments de mesure recensés permettent d’évaluer différentes composantes de l’environnement d’apprentissage clinique (EAC) associées à l’expérience d’apprentissage de stagiaires, sans toutefois inclure la composante de la dynamique de groupe en lien avec leur expérience d’apprentissage. Il en est ainsi pour l’instrument de mesure Évaluation de l’environnement d’apprentissage clinique (EEAC), composé de trois sous-échelles. Ce manque ne permet pas de documenter la composante de l’EAC, qui délimite les actions d’amélioration par les personnes …


The Etiology Of Nurse Educator Shortages: Replenishing And Flourishing The Profession, Kara R. Delafosse Jan 2024

The Etiology Of Nurse Educator Shortages: Replenishing And Flourishing The Profession, Kara R. Delafosse

The Journal of Advancing Education Practice

Nursing shortages nationwide have been exemplified since the global pandemic demanding an examination of contributing factors crippling the profession. The United States Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that 200,000 annual vacant registered nurse positions for the next decade, are problematic due to the mass exodus of individuals serving in the occupation (Gaines, 2022). A study of approximately 900 nursing schools in the country indicates two vacancies exist per establishment illuminating the critical shortages of educators (Morris, 2023). A growing phenomenon is the challenge to maintain and replenish leaders in nurse education necessary to train and prepare students enrolled in nursing …


Exploring The Relationship Between Staffing And Long-Term Care Worker Mental Health, Matthew R. Trombley Jan 2024

Exploring The Relationship Between Staffing And Long-Term Care Worker Mental Health, Matthew R. Trombley

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

This research delves into the relationship between staffing levels during a crisis in the healthcare workforce and the mental well-being of long-term care workers, with a specific focus on variables such as burnout, compassion fatigue, and compassion satisfaction. With increasing workforce shortages, the attention to providing quality care during this tumultuous period has become increasingly urgent. There has been scarce empirical research that has explicitly sought to comprehend the connection between staffing levels and the mental health of long-term care professionals. This study was designed as a non-experimental, quantitative correlational investigation, aiming to understand the intricate dynamics between patient-to-staff ratios …


The Effect Of Nursing Education On The Utilization Of Kangaroo Mother Care And Weight Gain Of Preterm And Low Birth Weight Infants, Jhenalynn Valete Jan 2024

The Effect Of Nursing Education On The Utilization Of Kangaroo Mother Care And Weight Gain Of Preterm And Low Birth Weight Infants, Jhenalynn Valete

Nursing | Senior Theses

Aim: The goal of this quantitative study is to investigate if educating nurses about the significance of KMC will increase its utilization and promote weight gain in low birthweight and preterm infants. Additionally, it aims to find the optimal duration of KMC required to maximize health outcomes for the infant. This research proposal aims to provide nursing professionals with valuable insights, allowing them to effectively educate parents on practices that promote maximal weight gain in neonates.

Background: This is a cost-effective and natural way to enhance health outcomes such as temperature regulation, weight gain, respiratory function, pain mitigation, …


The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Defects In The Pre And Postoperative Setting, Janelle Marie Choy Jan 2024

The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Defects In The Pre And Postoperative Setting, Janelle Marie Choy

Nursing | Senior Theses

Congenital heart defects is a prominent medical occurrence especially in pediatrics. These defects often require surgeries and extensive treatment plans. These treatment plans often include invasive surgeries and extensive treatment plans which can require long recovery times along with potential surgical complications. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of music therapy on pediatric patients with congenital heart defects in the pre and postoperative setting and how music therapy can be implemented in treatment plans to yield effective recovery results for these patients. This research is significant as elevated vital signs and preoperative anxiety are associated with an increased need …


Promoting Parental Comfort To Facilitate Conversations On Adolescent Sexual Health And Behaviors, Angelina Jolie Banes, Lauren Liddell Jan 2024

Promoting Parental Comfort To Facilitate Conversations On Adolescent Sexual Health And Behaviors, Angelina Jolie Banes, Lauren Liddell

Nursing | Senior Theses

This thesis proposal will investigate the impact of a comprehensive digital sexual health education program on the comfort levels of parents and teens when discussing sensitive topics such as pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The research is guided by Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, which emphasizes the need to assess and address individuals’ self-care deficits, including the ability to engage in safe and informed sexual behaviors. The research design is a quantitative, quasi-experimental study with a one-group pre and post-test design. The sample consists of 50 parents and 50 teens from Marin County, who will participate in an online …


Give Love With Lovenox: Improving Nurse Education On Lovenox Prophylaxis To Reduce Pulmonary Embolism Risk On The Postpartum Unit, Jennifer G. Domingo Rn Dec 2023

Give Love With Lovenox: Improving Nurse Education On Lovenox Prophylaxis To Reduce Pulmonary Embolism Risk On The Postpartum Unit, Jennifer G. Domingo Rn

Master's Projects and Capstones

This quality improvement project aims to improve nurse education about Lovenox prophylaxis to reduce the risk of pulmonary emboli – post-discharge – amongst high-risk postpartum women who underwent vaginal and cesarean deliveries on the family baby unit. This project took place in a Family Baby/Postpartum Unit at Hospital SC. This unit has a total of 25 beds with an increased prevalence of pulmonary embolism following cesarean delivery. Nurses were given anonymous pre- and post-survey questionnaires and provided educational sessions with distributed handouts. A unit needs assessment was conducted using the 5 P’s. Out of the 72 nurses on the staff …


Engaging In Research: Reflections From Summer Undergraduate Research Assistants, Elyse Sumarsono, Julia Raugh Dec 2023

Engaging In Research: Reflections From Summer Undergraduate Research Assistants, Elyse Sumarsono, Julia Raugh

Wisdom & Compassion: The LUSON Journal

The aim of the journal was to organize the reflections of two undergraduate nursing students regarding the journey of navigating through summer research along with faculty. Through this reflective experience, research assistants were able to identify many benefits that come with participating in the research conduction process that should encourage other undergraduate students to involve themselves in future research. Research assistants were challenged to take on new and unknown tasks in a high-level research study, which ultimately enhanced skills for future academic success and professional careers as nurses.


Implementing New Staffing Ratios In The Emergency Room To Improve Nurse And Patient Outcomes, Analicia Solis Dec 2023

Implementing New Staffing Ratios In The Emergency Room To Improve Nurse And Patient Outcomes, Analicia Solis

MSN Capstone Projects

The significance of appropriate nurse staffing in enhancing patient outcomes and mitigating nurse burnout is well-documented. Inadequate nurse staffing can lead to negative consequences, including burnout, decreased nurse retention, and potential safety risks (Shin et al. 2018; Wynendaele et al. 2019) Research has also established a strong connection between nurse-to-patient ratios, well-being, and job dissatisfaction among nursing staff (Andel et al. 2021; Thompson-Munn et al. 2021).

Given this evidence, there is a compelling rationale for aligning nurse staffing ratios with proposed federal standards to address burnout, improve well-being, and enhance patient outcomes. Implementing these changes necessitates careful planning and assessment. …


Surgical Fire Prevention And Management: An Objective Structured Clinical Examination For Nurse Anesthesia, Tate Fazio, Kaleb Killens Dec 2023

Surgical Fire Prevention And Management: An Objective Structured Clinical Examination For Nurse Anesthesia, Tate Fazio, Kaleb Killens

Doctoral Projects

Sentinel events in health care are rare events, often corresponding with permanent injury or death. Fires in the operating room (OR) are one type of sentinel event. Although rare due to possible life-threatening injuries to patients and staff, appropriate surgical fire education is critical in nurse anesthesia education, as anesthesia providers play a significant role in surgical fires (Wunder et al., 2020). The development of simulation exercises has the potential for students to experience and become competent in managing high-acuity, low-frequency events, such as surgical fires (Wunder et al., 2020). The Nurse Anesthesia Program (NAP) at The University of Southern …


Moral Distress As A Predictive Variable Of Perceived Job Retention In Senior Nursing Students, Rebekah L. Barber Dec 2023

Moral Distress As A Predictive Variable Of Perceived Job Retention In Senior Nursing Students, Rebekah L. Barber

Honors College Theses

New Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) graduate nurses are leaving careers within inpatient healthcare facilities presumably because of moral distress related to the anticipated workload of registered nurses (RN). BSN curriculums are responsible for providing practical education through clinical instruction; however, many students experience inconsistencies in best practice recommendations. The inconsistencies predominantly originate between didactic nursing instruction and clinical learning within inpatient healthcare facilities. Using a cross-sectional descriptive research design, this thesis utilized the validated Moral Distress Scale-Revised (MDS-R), a 21-item instrument that assesses the frequency and intensity of moral distress experienced by healthcare workers. Student responses to the …


Improving The Mental Health Of Nursing Students By Utilizing A Serenity Room: A Benchmark Study, Megan E. Taylor Dec 2023

Improving The Mental Health Of Nursing Students By Utilizing A Serenity Room: A Benchmark Study, Megan E. Taylor

MSN Capstone Projects

Research findings consistently show that even though improvements have been made through the years, there is much more work to be done concerning mental health nationwide, especially in nursing. Nurses are the front-line workers in healthcare and face challenging times daily. Mental health-related issues in nursing have increased on a national level since the COVID-19 pandemic (Xiong et al., 2022). A more significant nursing shortage will likely occur without drastic change and support for nurses’ well-being.

The purpose of this paper is to describe a benchmark Capstone project. This benchmark study was conducted with the goal of improving nursing students …


Implementation Of Coping Strategies For Compassion Fatigue Through Counseling, Caleb R. Turner Dec 2023

Implementation Of Coping Strategies For Compassion Fatigue Through Counseling, Caleb R. Turner

MSN Capstone Projects

Many healthcare organizations are struggling to retain nurses due to the recent COVID-19 pandemic. Understanding common reasons for decreased retention in nursing begins with evaluating job satisfaction and how it can be affected (Cuartero-Castañer, 2021). Compassion Fatigue (CF) and Burnout (BO) are two leading causes of decreased job satisfaction (Compassion Satisfaction (CS)). The Professional Quality of Life Scale (PROQoL) (see Appendix C) is designed to identify individuals at higher risk of CF and BO. Using this scale in conjunction with the Peer-Support coaches in the hospital setting allows nurses to have conversations and communicate effectively with coaches trained to have …


The Impact Of Shared Governance On Work Engagement And Job Satisfaction, Mikayla Adkins Dec 2023

The Impact Of Shared Governance On Work Engagement And Job Satisfaction, Mikayla Adkins

MSN Capstone Projects

In 2023, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing revealed that 100,000 nurses left the workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic and another 900,000 plan to leave by 2027 due to stress, burnout, and retirement. Identifying and implementing practical strategies to reduce voluntary turnover as a result of stress and burnout is a top priority for nursing leaders across the country. Work engagement and job satisfaction have well been documented in the literature as antidotes to occupational stress and burnout in the nursing profession (Schaufeli & Bakker, 2004; Pressley & Garside, 2022). Evidence suggests that implementing shared governance is a …


Out-Of-Hospital Births: A Small But Growing Phenomenon In High Income Countries: A Viewpoint, Céline Miani, Stephanie Batram-Zantvoort, Emma Pitchforth, Bethan Treadgold, Krista Johnston, Virginie Rozée, Christiana Macdougall, Clemence Schantz, Edwin Van Teijlingen Dec 2023

Out-Of-Hospital Births: A Small But Growing Phenomenon In High Income Countries: A Viewpoint, Céline Miani, Stephanie Batram-Zantvoort, Emma Pitchforth, Bethan Treadgold, Krista Johnston, Virginie Rozée, Christiana Macdougall, Clemence Schantz, Edwin Van Teijlingen

Journal of Asian Midwives (JAM)

No abstract provided.


Postpartum Visitation Policies, Jenna B. Holderman, Morgan E. Matthews Dec 2023

Postpartum Visitation Policies, Jenna B. Holderman, Morgan E. Matthews

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: Continual support for the birthing person during labor improves delivery outcomes and overall childbirth experiences. How many support people are present and their relation to the birthing person varies based on individual preference, family dynamics, and sociocultural expectations. During the Covid-19 pandemic, many hospitals implemented a one-visitor policy for deliveries. With these new guidelines in place, the length of hospital stays significantly decreased, and there were a variety of opinions towards these restrictions.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore birthing persons’ overall sentiment towards visitors in the immediate postpartum period.

Methods: The current study analyzed …


Effects Of Humidity, Surface Textiles, And Education On Mrsa In Hospitals, Arisa Marx, Remi Mccullen, Mason Nehls, Cecilia Saenz Dec 2023

Effects Of Humidity, Surface Textiles, And Education On Mrsa In Hospitals, Arisa Marx, Remi Mccullen, Mason Nehls, Cecilia Saenz

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster examines the question, "Does a balanced approach of specific humidity, education, and the textile of the surface decrease the amount of MRSA infections among patients?"


Interventions To Decrease Secondhand Smoke Exposure, Maya Letellier, Nicole Trujillo-Salazar, Grace Heimbigner, Jenna Wong Dec 2023

Interventions To Decrease Secondhand Smoke Exposure, Maya Letellier, Nicole Trujillo-Salazar, Grace Heimbigner, Jenna Wong

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster looks to, "To examine interventions to decrease secondhand smoke exposure in children; To examine the cost and effectiveness of interventions."


The Effect Of Hormonal Birth Control On Acne, Aurora Elston, Taraneh Bazyari, Shirley Kaikai, Kathryn Conrad Dec 2023

The Effect Of Hormonal Birth Control On Acne, Aurora Elston, Taraneh Bazyari, Shirley Kaikai, Kathryn Conrad

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster examines the question, "How does hormonal birth control affect acne in those with and without a predisposition to acne?"


Impact Of High-Intensity Exercise And Moderate-Intensity Exercise On Cardiovascular Health, Terra Lieber, Cassandra Carroll, Christian Figueroa, Aksel Merchant Trejo Dec 2023

Impact Of High-Intensity Exercise And Moderate-Intensity Exercise On Cardiovascular Health, Terra Lieber, Cassandra Carroll, Christian Figueroa, Aksel Merchant Trejo

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster examines the question, "How does high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training impact the human body’s cardiovascular system?"


Prevention And Treatment Of Nursing Burnout Through Policy, Hannah Khiev, Marina Gerard, Anastasiya Likhovodova, Hailie Lopez-Santiago Dec 2023

Prevention And Treatment Of Nursing Burnout Through Policy, Hannah Khiev, Marina Gerard, Anastasiya Likhovodova, Hailie Lopez-Santiago

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster looks to, "To research the causes of burnout, to then construct policies to combat the onset and treat those in need."


Effects Of Music Therapy For Patients With Alzheimer's, Anastasiya Kapatsyna, Evelyn Staples, Meleah Sparks, Paige Schubert Dec 2023

Effects Of Music Therapy For Patients With Alzheimer's, Anastasiya Kapatsyna, Evelyn Staples, Meleah Sparks, Paige Schubert

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster examines the question, "Among the Alzheimer's disease population, does music therapy help enhance cognition compared to no treatment?"


The Mediterranean Diet And Alzheimer's Disease, Katilyn Wright, Erin Willis, Joshua Villela, Renee Schroth Dec 2023

The Mediterranean Diet And Alzheimer's Disease, Katilyn Wright, Erin Willis, Joshua Villela, Renee Schroth

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster looks at, "whether implementing the use of the MD amongst those diagnosed with AD contributes to a decrease in the severity of symptoms compared to those not following a diet plan."


Decreasing The Risk Of Infection From Wristwatches And Hand Jewelry, Violet Strange, Mackenzi Smith, Reyanna Ruiz, Abraham Zlotowski Dec 2023

Decreasing The Risk Of Infection From Wristwatches And Hand Jewelry, Violet Strange, Mackenzi Smith, Reyanna Ruiz, Abraham Zlotowski

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class.The poster looks to, "Explore evidence-based practices to decrease the risk of infections related to wristwatches and other hand jewelry."


Sleep Disturbance Impact On Nursing Students, Collin Sommer, Katie Petrie, Savannah Short, Tina Tan Dec 2023

Sleep Disturbance Impact On Nursing Students, Collin Sommer, Katie Petrie, Savannah Short, Tina Tan

NURS 305: Foundations of Community-based Nursing Practice Student Presentations

Research poster created as part of Nursing 305 class. The poster examines the question, "How does sleep disturbance impact nursing students academic performance?"