Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Mice

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1911

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader Dec 2024

Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the intracellular pathogen


Common Single-Base Insertions In The Vntr Of The Carboxyl Ester Lipase (Cel) Gene Are Benign And Also Likely To Arise Somatically In The Exocrine Pancreas, Ranveig S Brekke, Anny Gravdal, Khadija El Jellas, Grace E Curry, Jianguo Lin, Steven J Wilhelm, Solrun J Steine, Eric Mas, Stefan Johansson, Mark E Lowe, Bente B Johansson, Xunjun Xiao, Karianne Fjeld, Anders Molven May 2024

Common Single-Base Insertions In The Vntr Of The Carboxyl Ester Lipase (Cel) Gene Are Benign And Also Likely To Arise Somatically In The Exocrine Pancreas, Ranveig S Brekke, Anny Gravdal, Khadija El Jellas, Grace E Curry, Jianguo Lin, Steven J Wilhelm, Solrun J Steine, Eric Mas, Stefan Johansson, Mark E Lowe, Bente B Johansson, Xunjun Xiao, Karianne Fjeld, Anders Molven

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The CEL gene encodes carboxyl ester lipase, a pancreatic digestive enzyme. CEL is extremely polymorphic due to a variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) located in the last exon. Single-base deletions within this VNTR cause the inherited disorder MODY8, whereas little is known about VNTR single-base insertions in pancreatic disease. We therefore mapped CEL insertion variants (CEL-INS) in 200 Norwegian patients with pancreatic neoplastic disorders. Twenty-eight samples (14.0%) carried CEL-INS alleles. Most common were insertions in repeat 9 (9.5%), which always associated with a VNTR length of 13 repeats. The combined INS allele frequency (0.078) was similar to that observed in …


C-Terminal Binding Protein 2 Is A Novel Tumor Suppressor Targeting The Myc-Irf4 Axis In Multiple Myeloma, Coty Hing Yau Cheung, Chi Keung Cheng, Kam Tong Leung, Chi Zhang, Chi Yan Ho, Xi Luo, Angel Yuet Fong Kam, Tian Xia, Thomas Shek Kong Wan, Herbert Augustus Pitts, Natalie Pui Ha Chan, Joyce Sin Cheung, Raymond Siu Ming Wong, Xiao-Bing Zhang, Margaret Heung Ling Ng May 2024

C-Terminal Binding Protein 2 Is A Novel Tumor Suppressor Targeting The Myc-Irf4 Axis In Multiple Myeloma, Coty Hing Yau Cheung, Chi Keung Cheng, Kam Tong Leung, Chi Zhang, Chi Yan Ho, Xi Luo, Angel Yuet Fong Kam, Tian Xia, Thomas Shek Kong Wan, Herbert Augustus Pitts, Natalie Pui Ha Chan, Joyce Sin Cheung, Raymond Siu Ming Wong, Xiao-Bing Zhang, Margaret Heung Ling Ng

Journal Articles

Multiple myeloma (MM) cells are addicted to MYC and its direct transactivation targets IRF4 for proliferation and survival. MYC and IRF4 are still considered "undruggable," as most small-molecule inhibitors suffer from low potency, suboptimal pharmacokinetic properties, and undesirable off-target effects. Indirect inhibition of MYC/IRF4 emerges as a therapeutic vulnerability in MM. Here, we uncovered an unappreciated tumor-suppressive role of C-terminal binding protein 2 (CTBP2) in MM via strong inhibition of the MYC-IRF4 axis. In contrast to epithelial cancers, CTBP2 is frequently downregulated in MM, in association with shortened survival, hyperproliferative features, and adverse clinical outcomes. Restoration of CTBP2 exhibited potent …


Deficiency Of Il-22-Binding Protein Enhances The Ability Of The Gut Microbiota To Protect Against Enteric Pathogens, José L Fachi, Blanda Di Luccia, Susan Gilfillan, Hao-Wei Chang, Christina Song, Jiye Cheng, Marina Cella, Marco Aurelio Vinolo, Jeffrey I Gordon, Marco Colonna May 2024

Deficiency Of Il-22-Binding Protein Enhances The Ability Of The Gut Microbiota To Protect Against Enteric Pathogens, José L Fachi, Blanda Di Luccia, Susan Gilfillan, Hao-Wei Chang, Christina Song, Jiye Cheng, Marina Cella, Marco Aurelio Vinolo, Jeffrey I Gordon, Marco Colonna

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Interleukin 22 (IL-22) promotes intestinal barrier integrity, stimulating epithelial cells to enact defense mechanisms against enteric infections, including the production of antimicrobial peptides. IL-22 binding protein (IL-22BP) is a soluble decoy encoded by the


Targeting Dendritic Cell Dysfunction To Circumvent Anti-Pd1 Resistance In Head And Neck Cancer, Shin Saito, Michihisa Kono, Hoang C B Nguyen, Ann Marie Egloff, Cameron Messier, Patrick Lizotte, Cloud Paweletz, Douglas Adkins, Ravindra Uppaluri May 2024

Targeting Dendritic Cell Dysfunction To Circumvent Anti-Pd1 Resistance In Head And Neck Cancer, Shin Saito, Michihisa Kono, Hoang C B Nguyen, Ann Marie Egloff, Cameron Messier, Patrick Lizotte, Cloud Paweletz, Douglas Adkins, Ravindra Uppaluri

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant anti-PD1 (aPD1) therapies are being explored in surgically resectable head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Encouraging responses have been observed, but further insights into the mechanisms underlying resistance and approaches to improve responses are needed.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We integrated data from syngeneic mouse oral carcinoma (MOC) models and neoadjuvant pembrolizumab HNSCC patient tumor RNA-sequencing data to explore the mechanism of aPD1 resistance. Tumors and tumor-draining lymph nodes (DLN) from MOC models were analyzed for antigen-specific priming. CCL5 expression was enforced in an aPD1-resistant model.

RESULTS: An aPD1-resistant mouse model showed poor priming in the tumor DLN due …


Decorin Suppresses Tumor Lymphangiogenesis: A Mechanism To Curtail Cancer Progression, Dipon K. Mondal, Christopher Xie, Gabriel J. Pascal, Simone Buraschi, Renato V. Iozzo Apr 2024

Decorin Suppresses Tumor Lymphangiogenesis: A Mechanism To Curtail Cancer Progression, Dipon K. Mondal, Christopher Xie, Gabriel J. Pascal, Simone Buraschi, Renato V. Iozzo

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

The complex interplay between malignant cells and the cellular and molecular components of the tumor stroma is a key aspect of cancer growth and development. These tumor-host interactions are often affected by soluble bioactive molecules such as proteoglycans. Decorin, an archetypical small leucine-rich proteoglycan primarily expressed by stromal cells, affects cancer growth in its soluble form by interacting with several receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK). Overall, decorin leads to a context-dependent and protracted cessation of oncogenic RTK activity by attenuating their ability to drive a prosurvival program and to sustain a proangiogenic network. Through an unbiased transcriptomic analysis using deep RNAseq, …


Pml::Rara And Gata2 Proteins Interact Via Dna Templates To Induce Aberrant Self-Renewal In Mouse And Human Hematopoietic Cells, Casey D S Katerndahl, Olivia R S Rogers, Ryan B Day, Ziheng Xu, Nichole M Helton, Sai Mukund Ramakrishnan, Christopher A Miller, Timothy J Ley Apr 2024

Pml::Rara And Gata2 Proteins Interact Via Dna Templates To Induce Aberrant Self-Renewal In Mouse And Human Hematopoietic Cells, Casey D S Katerndahl, Olivia R S Rogers, Ryan B Day, Ziheng Xu, Nichole M Helton, Sai Mukund Ramakrishnan, Christopher A Miller, Timothy J Ley

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The underlying mechanism(s) by which the PML::RARA fusion protein initiates acute promyelocytic leukemia is not yet clear. We defined the genomic binding sites of PML::RARA in primary mouse and human hematopoietic progenitor cells with V5-tagged PML::RARA, using anti-V5-PML::RARA chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing and CUT&RUN approaches. Most genomic PML::RARA binding sites were found in regions that were already chromatin-accessible (defined by ATAC-seq) in unmanipulated, wild-type promyelocytes, suggesting that these regions are "open" prior to PML::RARA expression. We found that GATA binding motifs, and the direct binding of the chromatin "pioneering factor" GATA2, were significantly enriched near PML::RARA binding sites. Proximity labeling studies …


Xpo1 Blockade With Kpt-330 Promotes Apoptosis In Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma By Activating The P53-P21 And P27 Pathways, Nitin Chakravarti, Amy Boles, Rachel Burzinski, Paola Sindaco, Colleen Isabelle, Kathleen Mcconnell, Anjali Mishra, Pierluigi Porcu Apr 2024

Xpo1 Blockade With Kpt-330 Promotes Apoptosis In Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma By Activating The P53-P21 And P27 Pathways, Nitin Chakravarti, Amy Boles, Rachel Burzinski, Paola Sindaco, Colleen Isabelle, Kathleen Mcconnell, Anjali Mishra, Pierluigi Porcu

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Dysregulated nuclear-cytoplasmic trafficking has been shown to play a role in oncogenesis in several types of solid tumors and hematological malignancies. Exportin 1 (XPO1) is responsible for the nuclear export of several proteins and RNA species, mainly tumor suppressors. KPT-330, a small molecule inhibitor of XPO1, is approved for treating relapsed multiple myeloma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is an extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma with an adverse prognosis and limited treatment options in advanced stages. The effect of therapeutically targeting XPO1 with KPT-330 in CTCL has not been established. We report that XPO1 expression is upregulated in …


Novel Jak Inhibitors To Reduce Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation In A Preclinical Mouse Model, Sena Kim, Peter Ruminski, Megh Singh, Karl Staser, Kidist Ashami, Julie Ritchey, Sora Lim, John F Dipersio, Jaebok Choi Apr 2024

Novel Jak Inhibitors To Reduce Graft-Versus-Host Disease After Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation In A Preclinical Mouse Model, Sena Kim, Peter Ruminski, Megh Singh, Karl Staser, Kidist Ashami, Julie Ritchey, Sora Lim, John F Dipersio, Jaebok Choi

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is a highly effective, well-established treatment for patients with various hematologic malignancies and non-malignant diseases. The therapeutic benefits of allo-HCT are mediated by alloreactive T cells in donor grafts. However, there is a significant risk of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), in which the donor T cells recognize recipient cells as foreign and attack healthy organs in addition to malignancies. We previously demonstrated that targeting JAK1/JAK2, mediators of interferon-gamma receptor (IFNGR) and IL-6 receptor signaling, in donor T cells using baricitinib and ruxolitinib results in a significant reduction in GvHD after allo-HCT. Furthermore, we showed that balanced …


Chemotherapy Activates Inflammasomes To Cause Inflammation-Associated Bone Loss, Chun Wang, Khushpreet Kaur, Canxin Xu, Yousef Abu-Amer, Gabriel Mbalaviele Apr 2024

Chemotherapy Activates Inflammasomes To Cause Inflammation-Associated Bone Loss, Chun Wang, Khushpreet Kaur, Canxin Xu, Yousef Abu-Amer, Gabriel Mbalaviele

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Chemotherapy is a widely used treatment for a variety of solid and hematological malignancies. Despite its success in improving the survival rate of cancer patients, chemotherapy causes significant toxicity to multiple organs, including the skeleton, but the underlying mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. Using tumor-free mouse models, which are commonly used to assess direct off-target effects of anti-neoplastic therapies, we found that doxorubicin caused massive bone loss in wild-type mice, a phenotype associated with increased number of osteoclasts, leukopenia, elevated serum levels of danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs; e.g. cell-free DNA and ATP) and cytokines (e.g. IL-1β and IL-18). Accordingly, …


Lung Type 3 Innate Lymphoid Cells Respond Early Following Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection, Shibali Das, Kuldeep Singh Chauhan, Mushtaq Ahmed, Sadia Akter, Lan Lu, Marco Colonna, Shabaana A Khader Apr 2024

Lung Type 3 Innate Lymphoid Cells Respond Early Following Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection, Shibali Das, Kuldeep Singh Chauhan, Mushtaq Ahmed, Sadia Akter, Lan Lu, Marco Colonna, Shabaana A Khader

2020-Current year OA Pubs

UNLABELLED: Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death due to an infectious disease worldwide. Innate lymphoid type 3 cells (ILC3s) mediate early protection during

IMPORTANCE: Tuberculosis is a leading cause of death due to a single infectious agent accounting for 1.6 million deaths each year. In our study, we determined the role of type 3 innate lymphoid cells in early immune events necessary for achieving protection during


Transcription Factor C/Ebpα Is Required For The Development Of Ly6chi Monocytes But Not Ly6clo Monocytes, Sunkyung Kim, Jing Chen, Feiya Ou, Tian-Tian Liu, Suin Jo, William E Gillanders, Theresa L Murphy, Kenneth M Murphy Apr 2024

Transcription Factor C/Ebpα Is Required For The Development Of Ly6chi Monocytes But Not Ly6clo Monocytes, Sunkyung Kim, Jing Chen, Feiya Ou, Tian-Tian Liu, Suin Jo, William E Gillanders, Theresa L Murphy, Kenneth M Murphy

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Monocytes comprise two major subsets, Ly6C


Mir-574-5p Activates Human Tlr8 To Promote Autoimmune Signaling And Lupus, Tao Wang, Dan Song, Xuejuan Li, Yu Luo, Dianqiang Yang, Xiaoyan Liu, Xiaodan Kong, Yida Xing, Shulin Bi, Yan Zhang, Tao Hu, Yunyun Zhang, Shuang Dai, Zhiqiang Shao, Dahan Chen, Jinpao Hou, Esteban Ballestar, Jianchun Cai, Feng Zheng, James Y Yang Apr 2024

Mir-574-5p Activates Human Tlr8 To Promote Autoimmune Signaling And Lupus, Tao Wang, Dan Song, Xuejuan Li, Yu Luo, Dianqiang Yang, Xiaoyan Liu, Xiaodan Kong, Yida Xing, Shulin Bi, Yan Zhang, Tao Hu, Yunyun Zhang, Shuang Dai, Zhiqiang Shao, Dahan Chen, Jinpao Hou, Esteban Ballestar, Jianchun Cai, Feng Zheng, James Y Yang

Journal Articles

Endosomal single-stranded RNA-sensing Toll-like receptor-7/8 (TLR7/8) plays a pivotal role in inflammation and immune responses and autoimmune diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying the initiation of the TLR7/8-mediated autoimmune signaling remain to be fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that miR-574-5p is aberrantly upregulated in tissues of lupus prone mice and in the plasma of lupus patients, with its expression levels correlating with the disease activity. miR-574-5p binds to and activates human hTLR8 or its murine ortholog mTlr7 to elicit a series of MyD88-dependent immune and inflammatory responses. These responses include the overproduction of cytokines and interferons, the activation of STAT1 signaling …


Pparα Is One Of The Key Targets For Dendrobine To Improve Hepatic Steatosis In Nafld., Yanzhe Xu, Miao Wang, Yi Luo, Hao Liu, Hua Ling, Yuqi He, Yanliu Lu Apr 2024

Pparα Is One Of The Key Targets For Dendrobine To Improve Hepatic Steatosis In Nafld., Yanzhe Xu, Miao Wang, Yi Luo, Hao Liu, Hua Ling, Yuqi He, Yanliu Lu

PCOM Scholarly Papers

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dendrobium nobile Lindl. (DNL) is a traditional Chinese ethnobotanical herb. Dendrobine (DNE) has been designated as a quality indicator for DNL in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. DNE exhibits various pharmacological activities, including the reduction of blood lipids, regulation of blood sugar levels, as well as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.

AIM OF THE STUDY: The objective of this study is to explore the impact of DNE on lipid degeneration in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) liver cells and elucidate its specific mechanism. The findings aim to offer theoretical support for the development of drugs related to DNL.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: …


Blocking Senescence And Tolerogenic Function Of Dendritic Cells Induced By Γδ Treg Cells Enhances Tumor-Specific Immunity For Cancer Immunotherapy, Fusheng Si, Xia Liu, Yan Tao, Yuanqin Zhang, Feiya Ma, Eddy C Hsueh, Sidharth V Puram, Guangyong Peng Apr 2024

Blocking Senescence And Tolerogenic Function Of Dendritic Cells Induced By Γδ Treg Cells Enhances Tumor-Specific Immunity For Cancer Immunotherapy, Fusheng Si, Xia Liu, Yan Tao, Yuanqin Zhang, Feiya Ma, Eddy C Hsueh, Sidharth V Puram, Guangyong Peng

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Regulatory T (Treg) cells are a key component in maintaining the suppressive tumor microenvironment and immune suppression in different types of cancers. A precise understanding of the molecular mechanisms used by Treg cells for immune suppression is critical for the development of effective strategies for cancer immunotherapy.

METHODS: Senescence development and tolerogenic functions of dendritic cells (DCs) induced by breast cancer tumor-derived γδ Treg cells were fully characterized using real-time PCR, flow cytometry, western blot, and functional assays. Loss-of-function strategies with pharmacological inhibitor and/or neutralizing antibody were used to identify the potential molecule(s) and pathway(s) involved in DC senescence …


Subcellular Pathways Through Vglut3-Expressing Mouse Amacrine Cells Provide Locally Tuned Object-Motion-Selective Signals In The Retina, Karl Friedrichsen, Jen-Chun Hsiang, Chin-I Lin, Liam Mccoy, Katia Valkova, Daniel Kerschensteiner, Josh L Morgan Apr 2024

Subcellular Pathways Through Vglut3-Expressing Mouse Amacrine Cells Provide Locally Tuned Object-Motion-Selective Signals In The Retina, Karl Friedrichsen, Jen-Chun Hsiang, Chin-I Lin, Liam Mccoy, Katia Valkova, Daniel Kerschensteiner, Josh L Morgan

2020-Current year OA Pubs

VGluT3-expressing mouse retinal amacrine cells (VG3s) respond to small-object motion and connect to multiple types of bipolar cells (inputs) and retinal ganglion cells (RGCs, outputs). Because these input and output connections are intermixed on the same dendrites, making sense of VG3 circuitry requires comparing the distribution of synapses across their arbors to the subcellular flow of signals. Here, we combine subcellular calcium imaging and electron microscopic connectomic reconstruction to analyze how VG3s integrate and transmit visual information. VG3s receive inputs from all nearby bipolar cell types but exhibit a strong preference for the fast type 3a bipolar cells. By comparing …


A Compendium Of Multi-Omics Data Illuminating Host Responses To Lethal Human Virus Infections, Amie J Eisfeld, Larissa B Thackray, Qing Tan, Michael S Diamond, Et Al. Apr 2024

A Compendium Of Multi-Omics Data Illuminating Host Responses To Lethal Human Virus Infections, Amie J Eisfeld, Larissa B Thackray, Qing Tan, Michael S Diamond, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Human infections caused by viral pathogens trigger a complex gamut of host responses that limit disease, resolve infection, generate immunity, and contribute to severe disease or death. Here, we present experimental methods and multi-omics data capture approaches representing the global host response to infection generated from 45 individual experiments involving human viruses from the Orthomyxoviridae, Filoviridae, Flaviviridae, and Coronaviridae families. Analogous experimental designs were implemented across human or mouse host model systems, longitudinal samples were collected over defined time courses, and global multi-omics data (transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics) were acquired by microarray, RNA sequencing, or mass spectrometry analyses. For …


Prevotella Copri And Microbiota Members Mediate The Beneficial Effects Of A Therapeutic Food For Malnutrition, Hao-Wei Chang, Evan M Lee, Yi Wang, Cyrus Zhou, Kali M Pruss, Suzanne Henrissat, Robert Y Chen, Clara Kao, Matthew C Hibberd, Hannah M Lynn, Daniel M Webber, Marie Crane, Jiye Cheng, Ye Chen, Jeffrey I Gordon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Prevotella Copri And Microbiota Members Mediate The Beneficial Effects Of A Therapeutic Food For Malnutrition, Hao-Wei Chang, Evan M Lee, Yi Wang, Cyrus Zhou, Kali M Pruss, Suzanne Henrissat, Robert Y Chen, Clara Kao, Matthew C Hibberd, Hannah M Lynn, Daniel M Webber, Marie Crane, Jiye Cheng, Ye Chen, Jeffrey I Gordon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Microbiota-directed complementary food (MDCF) formulations have been designed to repair the gut communities of malnourished children. A randomized controlled trial demonstrated that one formulation, MDCF-2, improved weight gain in malnourished Bangladeshi children compared to a more calorically dense standard nutritional intervention. Metagenome-assembled genomes from study participants revealed a correlation between ponderal growth and expression of MDCF-2 glycan utilization pathways by Prevotella copri strains. To test this correlation, here we use gnotobiotic mice colonized with defined consortia of age- and ponderal growth-associated gut bacterial strains, with or without P. copri isolates closely matching the metagenome-assembled genomes. Combining gut metagenomics and metatranscriptomics …


Cholesterol 25-Hydroxylase Mediates Neuroinflammation And Neurodegeneration In A Mouse Model Of Tauopathy, Danira Toral-Rios, Justin M Long, Jason D Ulrich, Jinsheng Yu, Michael R Strickland, Xianlin Han, David M Holtzman, Anil G Cashikar, Steven M Paul Apr 2024

Cholesterol 25-Hydroxylase Mediates Neuroinflammation And Neurodegeneration In A Mouse Model Of Tauopathy, Danira Toral-Rios, Justin M Long, Jason D Ulrich, Jinsheng Yu, Michael R Strickland, Xianlin Han, David M Holtzman, Anil G Cashikar, Steven M Paul

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, in addition to neuroinflammation and changes in brain lipid metabolism. 25-Hydroxycholesterol (25-HC), a known modulator of both inflammation and lipid metabolism, is produced by cholesterol 25-hydroxylase encoded by Ch25h expressed as a "disease-associated microglia" signature gene. However, whether Ch25h influences tau-mediated neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration is unknown. Here, we show that in the absence of Ch25h and the resultant reduction in 25-HC, there is strikingly reduced age-dependent neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus and entorhinal/piriform cortex of PS19 mice, which express the P301S mutant human tau transgene. Transcriptomic analyses of …


A Protective Role For Type I Interferon Signaling Following Infection With Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Carrying The Rifampicin Drug Resistance-Conferring Rpob Mutation H445y, Suhas Bobba, Kuldeep S. Chauhan, Sadia Akter, Shibali Das, Ekansh Mittal, Barun Mathema, Jennifer A. Philips, Shabaana A. Khader Apr 2024

A Protective Role For Type I Interferon Signaling Following Infection With Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Carrying The Rifampicin Drug Resistance-Conferring Rpob Mutation H445y, Suhas Bobba, Kuldeep S. Chauhan, Sadia Akter, Shibali Das, Ekansh Mittal, Barun Mathema, Jennifer A. Philips, Shabaana A. Khader

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Interleukin-1 (IL-1) signaling is essential for controlling virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection since antagonism of this pathway leads to exacerbated pathology and increased susceptibility. In contrast, the triggering of type I interferon (IFN) signaling is associated with the progression of tuberculosis (TB) disease and linked with negative regulation of IL-1 signaling. However, mice lacking IL-1 signaling can control Mtb infection if infected with an Mtb strain carrying the rifampin-resistance conferring mutation H445Y in its RNA polymerase β subunit (rpoB-H445Y Mtb). The mechanisms that govern protection in the absence of IL-1 signaling during rpoB-H445Y Mtb infection are unknown. In this study, …


Fibrinolytic-Deficiencies Predispose Hosts To Septicemia From A Catheter-Associated Uti, Jonathan J Molina, Wei Xu, Karla Bergeron, Aleksandra Klim, Michael G Caparon, Scott J Hultgren, Alana Desai, Et Al. Mar 2024

Fibrinolytic-Deficiencies Predispose Hosts To Septicemia From A Catheter-Associated Uti, Jonathan J Molina, Wei Xu, Karla Bergeron, Aleksandra Klim, Michael G Caparon, Scott J Hultgren, Alana Desai, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are amongst the most common nosocomial infections worldwide and are difficult to treat partly due to development of multidrug-resistance from CAUTI-related pathogens. Importantly, CAUTI often leads to secondary bloodstream infections and death. A major challenge is to predict when patients will develop CAUTIs and which populations are at-risk for bloodstream infections. Catheter-induced inflammation promotes fibrinogen (Fg) and fibrin accumulation in the bladder which are exploited as a biofilm formation platform by CAUTI pathogens. Using our established mouse model of CAUTI, here we identified that host populations exhibiting either genetic or acquired fibrinolytic-deficiencies, inducing fibrin deposition …


Amino Acid Formula Induces Microbiota Dysbiosis And Depressive-Like Behavior In Mice, Ji Hu, Kaixin He, Yifei Yang, Chuan Huang, Yiping Dou, Hao Wang, Guorong Zhang, Jingyuan Wang, Chaoshi Niu, Guoqiang Bi, Lan Zhang, Shu Zhu Mar 2024

Amino Acid Formula Induces Microbiota Dysbiosis And Depressive-Like Behavior In Mice, Ji Hu, Kaixin He, Yifei Yang, Chuan Huang, Yiping Dou, Hao Wang, Guorong Zhang, Jingyuan Wang, Chaoshi Niu, Guoqiang Bi, Lan Zhang, Shu Zhu

Journal Articles

Amino acid formula (AAF) is increasingly consumed in infants with cow's milk protein allergy; however, the long-term influences on health are less described. In this study, we established a mouse model by subjecting neonatal mice to an amino acid diet (AAD) to mimic the feeding regimen of infants on AAF. Surprisingly, AAD-fed mice exhibited dysbiotic microbiota and increased neuronal activity in both the intestine and brain, as well as gastrointestinal peristalsis disorders and depressive-like behavior. Furthermore, fecal microbiota transplantation from AAD-fed mice or AAF-fed infants to recipient mice led to elevated neuronal activations and exacerbated depressive-like behaviors compared to that …


Intergenerational Protective Anti-Gut Commensal Immunoglobulin G Originates In Early Life, Brigida Rusconi, Adina K Bard, Ryan Mcdonough, Angel M Kindsvogel, Jacqueline D Wang, Sreeram Udayan, Keely G Mcdonald, Rodney D Newberry, Phillip I Tarr Mar 2024

Intergenerational Protective Anti-Gut Commensal Immunoglobulin G Originates In Early Life, Brigida Rusconi, Adina K Bard, Ryan Mcdonough, Angel M Kindsvogel, Jacqueline D Wang, Sreeram Udayan, Keely G Mcdonald, Rodney D Newberry, Phillip I Tarr

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Maternal immunoglobulins of the class G (IgGs) protect offspring from enteric infection, but when, where, and how these antibodies are physiologically generated and confer protection remains enigmatic. We found that circulating IgGs in adult mice preferentially bind early-life gut commensal bacteria over their own adult gut commensal bacteria. IgG-secreting plasma cells specific for early-life gut bacteria appear in the intestine soon after weaning, where they remain into adulthood. Manipulating exposure to gut bacteria or plasma cell development before, but not after, weaning reduced IgG-secreting plasma cells targeting early-life gut bacteria throughout life. Further, the development of this anti-gut commensal IgG …


Epitope Mapping Of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Neutralizing Antibodies By Native Mass Spectrometry And Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange, Jagat Adhikari, James Heffernan, Melissa Edeling, Estefania Fernandez, Prashant N Jethva, Michael S Diamond, Daved H Fremont, Michael L Gross Mar 2024

Epitope Mapping Of Japanese Encephalitis Virus Neutralizing Antibodies By Native Mass Spectrometry And Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange, Jagat Adhikari, James Heffernan, Melissa Edeling, Estefania Fernandez, Prashant N Jethva, Michael S Diamond, Daved H Fremont, Michael L Gross

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) remains a global public health concern due to its epidemiological distribution and the existence of multiple strains. Neutralizing antibodies against this infection have shown efficacy in in vivo studies. Thus, elucidation of the epitopes of neutralizing antibodies can aid in the design and development of effective vaccines against different strains of JEV. Here, we describe a combination of native mass spectrometry (native-MS) and hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) to complete screening of eight mouse monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against JEV E-DIII to identify epitope regions. Native-MS was used as a first pass to identify the antibodies that …


Pathogenic Variants In Crx Have Distinct Cis-Regulatory Effects On Enhancers And Silencers In Photoreceptors, James L Shepherdson, Ryan Z Friedman, Yiqiao Zheng, Chi Sun, Inez Y Oh, David M Granas, Barak A Cohen, Shiming Chen, Michael A White Mar 2024

Pathogenic Variants In Crx Have Distinct Cis-Regulatory Effects On Enhancers And Silencers In Photoreceptors, James L Shepherdson, Ryan Z Friedman, Yiqiao Zheng, Chi Sun, Inez Y Oh, David M Granas, Barak A Cohen, Shiming Chen, Michael A White

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Dozens of variants in the gene for the homeodomain transcription factor (TF) cone-rod homeobox (


Predation Without Direction Selectivity, Jenna Krizan, Xiayingfang Song, Michael J Fitzpatrick, Ning Shen, Florentina Soto, Daniel Kerschensteiner Mar 2024

Predation Without Direction Selectivity, Jenna Krizan, Xiayingfang Song, Michael J Fitzpatrick, Ning Shen, Florentina Soto, Daniel Kerschensteiner

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Across the animal kingdom, visual predation relies on motion-sensing neurons in the superior colliculus (SC) and its orthologs. These neurons exhibit complex stimulus preferences, including direction selectivity, which is thought to be critical for tracking the unpredictable escape routes of prey. The source of direction selectivity in the SC is contested, and its contributions to predation have not been tested experimentally. Here, we use type-specific cell removal to show that narrow-field (NF) neurons in the mouse SC guide predation. In vivo recordings demonstrate that direction-selective responses of NF cells are independent of recently reported stimulus-edge effects. Monosynaptic retrograde tracing reveals …


Cd69 Signaling In Eosinophils Induces Il-10 Production And Apoptosis Via The Erk1/2 And Jnk Pathways, Respectively, Dan Van Bui, Linh Manh Nguyen, Akira Kanda, Hanh Hong Chu, Nhi Kieu Thi Le, Yasutaka Yun, Yoshiki Kobayashi, Kensuke Suzuki, Akitoshi Mitani, Akihiro Shimamura, Kenta Fukui, Shunsuke Sawada, David Dombrowicz, Hiroshi Iwai Mar 2024

Cd69 Signaling In Eosinophils Induces Il-10 Production And Apoptosis Via The Erk1/2 And Jnk Pathways, Respectively, Dan Van Bui, Linh Manh Nguyen, Akira Kanda, Hanh Hong Chu, Nhi Kieu Thi Le, Yasutaka Yun, Yoshiki Kobayashi, Kensuke Suzuki, Akitoshi Mitani, Akihiro Shimamura, Kenta Fukui, Shunsuke Sawada, David Dombrowicz, Hiroshi Iwai

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION: Eosinophils contribute to the pathogenesis of allergic diseases, including asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic dermatitis. We previously reported that human tissue eosinophils have high CD69 expression compared to blood eosinophils, and its expression is correlated with disease severity and the number of infiltrated eosinophils. However, biological CD69 signaling activity in eosinophils remains unclear.

METHODS: CD69 expression on lung tissue eosinophils obtained from mice with ovalbumin-induced asthma was measured using flow cytometry. CD69 crosslinking was performed on eosinophils purified from the spleen of IL-5 transgenic mice to investigate CD69 signaling and its function in eosinophils. Then, qPCR, Western blot, enzyme-linked …


The Novel Drug Candidate S2/Iapinh Improves Survival In Models Of Pancreatic And Ovarian Cancer, Takaomi Hagi, Suwanna Vangveravong, Rony Takchi, Qingqing Gong, S Peter Goedegebuure, Herve Tiriac, Brian A Van Tine, Matthew A Powell, William G Hawkins, Dirk Spitzer Mar 2024

The Novel Drug Candidate S2/Iapinh Improves Survival In Models Of Pancreatic And Ovarian Cancer, Takaomi Hagi, Suwanna Vangveravong, Rony Takchi, Qingqing Gong, S Peter Goedegebuure, Herve Tiriac, Brian A Van Tine, Matthew A Powell, William G Hawkins, Dirk Spitzer

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Cancer selective apoptosis remains a therapeutic challenge and off-target toxicity has limited enthusiasm for this target clinically. Sigma-2 ligands (S2) have been shown to enhance the cancer selectivity of small molecule drug candidates by improving internalization. Here, we report the synthesis of a novel drug conjugate, which was created by linking a clinically underperforming SMAC mimetic (second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases; LCL161), an inhibitor (antagonist) of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPinh) with the sigma-2 ligand SW43, resulting in the new chemical entity S2/IAPinh. Drug potency was assessed via cell viability assays across several pancreatic and ovarian cancer cell lines in …


Deep Learning-Based Predictive Classification Of Functional Subpopulations Of Hematopoietic Stem Cells And Multipotent Progenitors., Shen Wang, Jianzhong Han, Jingru Huang, Khayrul Islam, Yuheng Shi, Yuyuan Zhou, Dongwook Kim, Jane Zhou, Zhaorui Lian, Yaling Liu, Jian Huang Mar 2024

Deep Learning-Based Predictive Classification Of Functional Subpopulations Of Hematopoietic Stem Cells And Multipotent Progenitors., Shen Wang, Jianzhong Han, Jingru Huang, Khayrul Islam, Yuheng Shi, Yuyuan Zhou, Dongwook Kim, Jane Zhou, Zhaorui Lian, Yaling Liu, Jian Huang

Cooper Medical School of Rowan University Faculty Scholarship

BACKGROUND: Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and multipotent progenitors (MPPs) play a pivotal role in maintaining lifelong hematopoiesis. The distinction between stem cells and other progenitors, as well as the assessment of their functions, has long been a central focus in stem cell research. In recent years, deep learning has emerged as a powerful tool for cell image analysis and classification/prediction.

METHODS: In this study, we explored the feasibility of employing deep learning techniques to differentiate murine HSCs and MPPs based solely on their morphology, as observed through light microscopy (DIC) images.

RESULTS: After rigorous training and validation using extensive image …


Germline Knockout Of Nr2e3 Protects Photoreceptors In Three Distinct Mouse Models Of Retinal Degeneration, Alexander V Kolesnikov, Daniel P Murphy, Joseph C Corbo, Vladimir J Kefalov Mar 2024

Germline Knockout Of Nr2e3 Protects Photoreceptors In Three Distinct Mouse Models Of Retinal Degeneration, Alexander V Kolesnikov, Daniel P Murphy, Joseph C Corbo, Vladimir J Kefalov

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a common form of retinal dystrophy that can be caused by mutations in any one of dozens of rod photoreceptor genes. The genetic heterogeneity of RP represents a significant challenge for the development of effective therapies. Here, we present evidence for a potential gene-independent therapeutic strategy based on targeting