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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group Dec 2022

Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objective: To describe the process of community engagement (CE) in northern Karnataka, India and its impact on pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness and complication readiness, pregnancy-related care seeking and maternal morbidity.

Design: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomised trial of Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP). A total of 12 clusters based on primary health centre catchment areas were randomised to intervention or control. CE was conducted in intervention clusters. CE attendance was summarised according to participant group using both quantitative and qualitative assessment. Pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness, health services engagement and perinatal outcomes was evaluated within …


Efficacy And Safety Of Pacritinib Vs Placebo For Patients With Severe Covid-19: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial, John Cafardi, Carole Miller, Howard Terebelo, Chad Tewell, Sadia Benzaquen, David Park, Pamela Egan, Daniel Lebovic, Kristen Pettit, Eric Whitman, Douglas Tremblay, Jonathan Feld, Sarah Buckley, Karisse Roman-Torres, Jennifer Smith, Adam Craig, John Mascarenhas Dec 2022

Efficacy And Safety Of Pacritinib Vs Placebo For Patients With Severe Covid-19: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial, John Cafardi, Carole Miller, Howard Terebelo, Chad Tewell, Sadia Benzaquen, David Park, Pamela Egan, Daniel Lebovic, Kristen Pettit, Eric Whitman, Douglas Tremblay, Jonathan Feld, Sarah Buckley, Karisse Roman-Torres, Jennifer Smith, Adam Craig, John Mascarenhas

Einstein Health Papers

IMPORTANCE: The morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 remain high despite advances in standard of care therapy, and the role of anti-inflammatory agents that inhibit the interleukin 6/JAK2 pathway is still being elucidated.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the oral JAK2/IRAK1 inhibitor pacritinib vs placebo in the treatment of adults with severe COVID-19.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial enrolled hospitalized adult patients with severe COVID-19 at 21 centers across the US between June 2020 and February 2021, with approximately 1.5 months of safety follow-up per patient. Data analysis was performed …


Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol Dec 2022

Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Long-term sequelae after symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection may impact well-being, yet existing data primarily focus on discrete symptoms and/or health care use.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patient-reported outcomes of physical, mental, and social well-being among adults with symptomatic illness who received a positive vs negative test result for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was a planned interim analysis of an ongoing multicenter prospective longitudinal registry study (the Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infections Registry [INSPIRE]). Participants were enrolled from December 11, 2020, to September 10, 2021, and comprised adults (aged ≥18 years) with acute symptoms suggestive …


Impact Of Diabetes Status And Related Factors On Covid-19-Associated Hospitalization: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study Of 116,370 Adults With Sars-Cov-2 Infection., Erin M. Tallon, Osagie Ebekozien, Janine Sanchez, Vincent S. Staggs, Diana Ferro, Ryan Mcdonough, Carla Demeterco-Berggren, Sarit Polsky, Patricia Gomez, Neha Patel, Priya Prahalad, Ori Odugbesan, Priyanka Mathias, Joyce M. Lee, Chelsey Smith, Chi-Ren Shyu, Mark A. Clements Dec 2022

Impact Of Diabetes Status And Related Factors On Covid-19-Associated Hospitalization: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study Of 116,370 Adults With Sars-Cov-2 Infection., Erin M. Tallon, Osagie Ebekozien, Janine Sanchez, Vincent S. Staggs, Diana Ferro, Ryan Mcdonough, Carla Demeterco-Berggren, Sarit Polsky, Patricia Gomez, Neha Patel, Priya Prahalad, Ori Odugbesan, Priyanka Mathias, Joyce M. Lee, Chelsey Smith, Chi-Ren Shyu, Mark A. Clements

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Aims: We examined diabetes status (no diabetes; type 1 diabetes [T1D]; type 2 diabetes [T2D]) and other demographic and clinical factors as correlates of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related hospitalization. Further, we evaluated predictors of COVID-19-related hospitalization in T1D and T2D.

Methods: We analyzed electronic health record data from the de-identified COVID-19 database (December 2019 through mid-September 2020; 87 US health systems). Logistic mixed models were used to examine predictors of hospitalization at index encounters associated with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Results: In 116,370 adults ( >=18 years old) with COVID-19 (93,098 no diabetes; 802 T1D; 22,470 T2D), factors that independently increased …


Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries In New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Benjamin B. Claxton, George Sun, Ritu Nahar, Christopher Henry Dec 2022

Myocardial Infarction With Nonobstructive Coronary Arteries In New-Onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Benjamin B. Claxton, George Sun, Ritu Nahar, Christopher Henry

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Wellness And Coping Of Physicians Who Worked In Icus During The Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional North American Survey, Karen E. A. Burns, Rachel K. Mcdonald, Et Al. Dec 2022

Wellness And Coping Of Physicians Who Worked In Icus During The Pandemic: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional North American Survey, Karen E. A. Burns, Rachel K. Mcdonald, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVES: Few surveys have focused on physician moral distress, burnout, and professional fulfilment. We assessed physician wellness and coping during the COVID-19 pandemic.

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using four validated instruments.

SETTING: Sixty-two sites in Canada and the United States.

SUBJECTS: Attending physicians (adult, pediatric; intensivist, nonintensivist) who worked in North American ICUs.

INTERVENTION: None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We analysed 431 questionnaires (43.3% response rate) from 25 states and eight provinces. Respondents were predominantly male (229 [55.6%]) and in practice for 11.8 ± 9.8 years. Compared with prepandemic, respondents reported significant intrapandemic increases in days worked/mo, ICU bed occupancy, and …


Macrophage Depletion Blocks Congenital Sarm1-Dependent Neuropathy, Caitlin B Dingwall, Amy Strickland, Sabrina W Yum, Aldrin Ky Yim, Jian Zhu, Peter L. Wang, Yurie Yamada, Robert E. Schmidt, Yo Sasaki, A. Joseph Bloom, Aaron Diantonio, Jeffrey Milbrandt Dec 2022

Macrophage Depletion Blocks Congenital Sarm1-Dependent Neuropathy, Caitlin B Dingwall, Amy Strickland, Sabrina W Yum, Aldrin Ky Yim, Jian Zhu, Peter L. Wang, Yurie Yamada, Robert E. Schmidt, Yo Sasaki, A. Joseph Bloom, Aaron Diantonio, Jeffrey Milbrandt

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Axon loss contributes to many common neurodegenerative disorders. In healthy axons, the axon survival factor NMNAT2 inhibits SARM1, the central executioner of programmed axon degeneration. We identified 2 rare NMNAT2 missense variants in 2 brothers afflicted with a progressive neuropathy syndrome. The polymorphisms resulted in amino acid substitutions V98M and R232Q, which reduced NMNAT2 NAD+-synthetase activity. We generated a mouse model to mirror the human syndrome and found that Nmnat2V98M/R232Q compound-heterozygous CRISPR mice survived to adulthood but developed progressive motor dysfunction, peripheral axon loss, and macrophage infiltration. These disease phenotypes were all SARM1-dependent. Remarkably, macrophage depletion therapy blocked and reversed …


Methylone And Mdma Pharmacokinetics Following Controlled Administration In Humans, Lourdes Poyatos, Alfredo Fabrizio Lo Faro, Diletta Berardinelli, Giorgia Sprega, Sara Malaca, Simona Pichini, Marilyn A. Huestis, Esther Papaseit, Clara Pérez-Mañá, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Magí Farré Nov 2022

Methylone And Mdma Pharmacokinetics Following Controlled Administration In Humans, Lourdes Poyatos, Alfredo Fabrizio Lo Faro, Diletta Berardinelli, Giorgia Sprega, Sara Malaca, Simona Pichini, Marilyn A. Huestis, Esther Papaseit, Clara Pérez-Mañá, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Magí Farré

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

The aim of this study is to define, for the first time, human methylone and HMMC plasma pharmacokinetics following controlled administration of 50–200 mg methylone to 12 male volunteers. A new LC-MS/MS method was validated to quantify methylone, MDMA, and their metabolites in plasma. The study was a randomized, cross-over, double-blinded and placebo-controlled study, with a total of 468 plasma samples collected. First, 10 µL of MDMA-d5, MDA-d5 and methylone-d3 internal standards were added to 100 µL of plasma. Two mL of chloroform and ethyl acetate 9:1 (v/v) were then added, mixed well and centrifuged. The supernatant was fortified with …


Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom Dimaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis Nov 2022

Human Dectin-1 Deficiency Impairs Macrophage-Mediated Defense Against Phaeohyphomycosis, Rebecca A. Drummond, Jigar V. Desai, Amy P. Hsu, Vasileios Oikonomou, Donald C. Vinh, Joshua A. Acklin, Michael S. Abers, Magdalena A. Walkiewicz, Sarah L. Anzick, Muthulekha Swamydas, Simon Vautier, Mukil Natarajan, Andrew J. Oler, Daisuke Yamanaka, Katrin D. Mayer-Barber, Yoichiro Iwakura, David Bianchi, Brian Driscoll, Ken Hauck, Ahnika Kline, Nicholas S.P. Viall, Christa S. Zerbe, Elise M.N. Ferré, Monica M. Schmitt, Tom Dimaggio, Stefania Pittaluga, John A. Butman, Adrian M. Zelazny, Yvonne R. Shea, Cesar A. Arias, Cameron Ashbaugh, Maryam Mahmood, Zelalem Temesgen, Alexander G. Theofiles, Masayuki Nigo, Varsha Moudgal, Karen C. Bloch, Sean G. Kelly, M. Suzanne Whitworth, Ganesh Rao, Cindy J. Whitener, Neema Mafi, Juan Gea-Banacloche, Lawrence C. Kenyon, William R. Miller, Katia Boggian, Andrea Gilbert, Matthew Sincock, Alexandra F. Freeman, John E. Bennett, Rodrigo Hasbun, Constantinos M. Mikelis, Kyung J. Kwon-Chung, Yasmine Belkaid, Gordon D. Brown, Jean K. Lim, Douglas B. Kuhns, Steven M. Holland, Michail S. Lionakis

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis typically affects immunocompetent individuals following traumatic inoculation. Severe or disseminated infection can occur in CARD9 deficiency or after transplantation, but the mechanisms protecting against phaeohyphomycosis remain unclear. We evaluated a patient with progressive, refractory Corynespora cassiicola phaeohyphomycosis and found that he carried biallelic deleterious mutations in CLEC7A encoding the CARD9-coupled, β-glucan-binding receptor, Dectin-1. The patient's PBMCs failed to produce TNF-α and IL-1β in response to β-glucan and/or C. cassiicola. To confirm the cellular and molecular requirements for immunity against C. cassiicola, we developed a mouse model of this infection. Mouse macrophages required Dectin-1 and CARD9 for IL-1β and …


Acute And Postacute Sequelae Associated With Sars-Cov-2 Reinfection, Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Ziyad Al-Aly Nov 2022

Acute And Postacute Sequelae Associated With Sars-Cov-2 Reinfection, Benjamin Bowe, Yan Xie, Ziyad Al-Aly

2020-Current year OA Pubs

First infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with increased risk of acute and postacute death and sequelae in various organ systems. Whether reinfection adds to risks incurred after first infection is unclear. Here we used the US Department of Veterans Affairs' national healthcare database to build a cohort of individuals with one SARS-CoV-2 infection (n = 443,588), reinfection (two or more infections, n = 40,947) and a noninfected control (n = 5,334,729). We used inverse probability-weighted survival models to estimate risks and 6-month burdens of death, hospitalization and incident sequelae. Compared to no reinfection, reinfection …


The Nogo Receptor Ngr2, A Novel Αvβ3 Integrin Effector, Induces Neuroendocrine Differentiation In Prostate Cancer, Fabio Quaglia, Shiv Ram Krishn, Khalid Sossey-Alaoui, Priyanka Shailendra Rana, Elzbieta Pluskota, Pyung Hun Park, Christopher D. Shields, Stephen Lin, Peter Mccue, Andrew V. Kossenkov, Yanqing Wang, David W. Goodrich, Sheng-Yu Ku, Himisha Beltran, William K. Kelly, Eva Corey, Maja Klose, Christine Bandtlow, Qin Liu, Dario C. Altieri, Edward F. Plow, Lucia R. Languino Nov 2022

The Nogo Receptor Ngr2, A Novel Αvβ3 Integrin Effector, Induces Neuroendocrine Differentiation In Prostate Cancer, Fabio Quaglia, Shiv Ram Krishn, Khalid Sossey-Alaoui, Priyanka Shailendra Rana, Elzbieta Pluskota, Pyung Hun Park, Christopher D. Shields, Stephen Lin, Peter Mccue, Andrew V. Kossenkov, Yanqing Wang, David W. Goodrich, Sheng-Yu Ku, Himisha Beltran, William K. Kelly, Eva Corey, Maja Klose, Christine Bandtlow, Qin Liu, Dario C. Altieri, Edward F. Plow, Lucia R. Languino

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Androgen deprivation therapies aimed to target prostate cancer (PrCa) are only partially successful given the occurrence of neuroendocrine PrCa (NEPrCa), a highly aggressive and highly metastatic form of PrCa, for which there is no effective therapeutic approach. Our group has demonstrated that while absent in prostate adenocarcinoma, the αVβ3 integrin expression is increased during PrCa progression toward NEPrCa. Here, we show a novel pathway activated by αVβ3 that promotes NE differentiation (NED). This novel pathway requires the expression of a GPI-linked surface molecule, NgR2, also known as Nogo-66 receptor homolog 1. We show here that NgR2 is upregulated by αVβ3, …


Injury To The Posterior Horn Of The Lateral Meniscus From A Misplaced Tibial Tunnel For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Case Report, Amar S Vadhera, Jonathan S Lee, Harsh Singh, Safa Gursoy, Kyle N Kunze, Nikhil N Verma, Jorge Chahla Nov 2022

Injury To The Posterior Horn Of The Lateral Meniscus From A Misplaced Tibial Tunnel For Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Case Report, Amar S Vadhera, Jonathan S Lee, Harsh Singh, Safa Gursoy, Kyle N Kunze, Nikhil N Verma, Jorge Chahla

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND Posterior meniscal root avulsions can cause meniscal extrusion, joint space narrowing, and progressive knee arthritis. Iatrogenic posterior meniscal root avulsions after malpositioning of the transtibial tunnels during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can account for poor long-term outcomes seen in some patients following ACL reconstruction. Therefore, correct transtibial tunnel placement during ACL reconstruction is essential to avoid iatrogenic meniscal damage. CASE REPORT A 32-year-old man presented with 1 year of right knee pain and instability following a non-contact twisting injury sustained while playing soccer. An ACL tear with no meniscal involvement was diagnosed at an outside institution. A double-bundle …


The 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Landscape Of Prostate Cancer, Martin Sjöström, Nupam P Mahajan, Christopher A Maher, Et Al. Nov 2022

The 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine Landscape Of Prostate Cancer, Martin Sjöström, Nupam P Mahajan, Christopher A Maher, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

UNLABELLED: Analysis of DNA methylation is a valuable tool to understand disease progression and is increasingly being used to create diagnostic and prognostic clinical biomarkers. While conversion of cytosine to 5-methylcytosine (5mC) commonly results in transcriptional repression, further conversion to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is associated with transcriptional activation. Here we perform the first study integrating whole-genome 5hmC with DNA, 5mC, and transcriptome sequencing in clinical samples of benign, localized, and advanced prostate cancer. 5hmC is shown to mark activation of cancer drivers and downstream targets. Furthermore, 5hmC sequencing revealed profoundly altered cell states throughout the disease course, characterized by increased proliferation, …


Association Of Noncontrast Computed Tomography And Perfusion Modalities With Outcomes In Patients Undergoing Late-Window Stroke Thrombectomy, Guilherme B F Porto, Ching-Jen Chen, Sami Al Kasab, Muhammed Amir Essibayi, Eyad Almallouhi, Zachary Hubbard, Reda Chalhoub, Ali Alawieh, Ilko Maier, Marios-Nikos Psychogios, Stacey Q Wolfe, Pascal Jabbour, Ansaar Rai, Robert M Starke, Amir Shaban, Adam Arthur, Joon-Tae Kim, Shinichi Yoshimura, Jonathan Grossberg, Peter Kan, Isabel Fragata, Adam Polifka, Joshua Osbun, Justin Mascitelli, Michael R Levitt, Richard Williamson, Daniele G Romano, Roberto Crosa, Benjamin Gory, Maxim Mokin, Kaustubh S Limaye, Walter Casagrande, Mark Moss, Ramesh Grandhi, Albert Yoo, Alejandro M Spiotta, Min S Park Nov 2022

Association Of Noncontrast Computed Tomography And Perfusion Modalities With Outcomes In Patients Undergoing Late-Window Stroke Thrombectomy, Guilherme B F Porto, Ching-Jen Chen, Sami Al Kasab, Muhammed Amir Essibayi, Eyad Almallouhi, Zachary Hubbard, Reda Chalhoub, Ali Alawieh, Ilko Maier, Marios-Nikos Psychogios, Stacey Q Wolfe, Pascal Jabbour, Ansaar Rai, Robert M Starke, Amir Shaban, Adam Arthur, Joon-Tae Kim, Shinichi Yoshimura, Jonathan Grossberg, Peter Kan, Isabel Fragata, Adam Polifka, Joshua Osbun, Justin Mascitelli, Michael R Levitt, Richard Williamson, Daniele G Romano, Roberto Crosa, Benjamin Gory, Maxim Mokin, Kaustubh S Limaye, Walter Casagrande, Mark Moss, Ramesh Grandhi, Albert Yoo, Alejandro M Spiotta, Min S Park

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

Importance: There is substantial controversy with regards to the adequacy and use of noncontrast head computed tomography (NCCT) for late-window acute ischemic stroke in selecting candidates for mechanical thrombectomy.

Objective: To assess clinical outcomes of patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting in the late window who underwent mechanical thrombectomy stratified by NCCT admission in comparison with selection by CT perfusion (CTP) and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI).

Design, setting, and participants: In this multicenter retrospective cohort study, prospectively maintained Stroke Thrombectomy and Aneurysm (STAR) database was used by selecting patients within the late window of acute ischemic stroke and emergent large vessel …


Genetic Testing To Inform Epilepsy Treatment Management From An International Study Of Clinical Practice, Dianalee Mcknight, Ana Morales, Kathryn E. Hatchell, Sara L. Bristow, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Michael Scott Perry, Anne T. Berg, Felippe Borlot, Edward D. Esplin, Chad Moretz, Katie Angione, Loreto Ríos-Pohl, Robert L. Nussbaum, Swaroop Aradhya, Chad R. Haldeman-Englert, Rebecca J. Levy, Venu G. Parachuri, Guillermo Lay-Son, David J. Dávila-Ortiz De Montellano, Miguel Angel Ramirez-Garcia, Edmar O. Benítez Alonso, Julie Ziobro, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Temis M. Felix, Dianne Kulasa-Luke, Andre Megarbane, Shefali Karkare, Sarah L. Chagnon, Jennifer B. Humberson, Melissa J. Assaf, Sebastian Silva, Katherine Zarroli, Oksana Boyarchuk, Gary R. Nelson, Rachel Palmquist, Katherine C. Hammond, Sean T. Hwang, Susan B. Boutlier, Melinda Nolan, Kaitlin Y. Batley, Devraj Chavda, Carlos Alberto Reyes-Silva, Oleksandr Miroshnikov, Britton Zuccarelli, Louise Amlie-Wolf, James W. Wheless, Syndi Seinfeld, Manoj Kanhangad, Jeremy L. Freeman, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Natalia Rodriguez-Vazquez, Monique M. Ryan, Michelle Machie, Patricio Guerra, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Meghan S. Candee, Caleb P. Bupp, Kristen L. Park, Eric Muller, Pamela Lupo, Robert C. Pedersen, Amir M. Arain, Andrea Murphy, Krista Schatz, Weiyi Mu, Paige M. Kalika, Lautaro Plaza, Marissa A. Kellogg, Evelyn G. Lora, Robert P. Carson, Victoria Svystilnyk, Viviana Venegas, Rebecca R. Luke, Huiyuan Jiang, Tetiana Stetsenko, Milagros M. Dueñas-Roque, Joseph Trasmonte, Rebecca J. Burke, Anna C. E. Hurst, Douglas M. Smith, Lauren J. Massingham, Laura Pisani, Carrie E. Costin, Betsy Ostrander, Francis M. Filloux, Amitha L. Ananth, Ismail S. Mohamed, Alla Nechai, Jasmin M. Dao, Michael C. Fahey, Ermal Aliu, Stephen Falchek, Craig A. Press, Lauren Treat, Krista Eschbach, Angela Starks, Ryan Kammeyer, Joshua J. Bear, Mona Jacobson, Veronika Chernuha, Bailey Meibos, Kristen Wong, Matthew T. Sweney, A. Chris Espinoza, Colin B. Van Orman, Arie Weinstock, Ashutosh Kumar, Claudia Soler-Alfonso, Danielle A. Nolan, Muhammad Raza, Miguel David Rojas Carrion, Geetha Chari, Eric D. Marsh, Yael Shiloh-Malawsky, Sumit Parikh, Ernesto Gonzalez-Giraldo, Stephen Fulton, Yoshimi Sogawa, Kaitlyn Burns, Myroslava Malets, Johnny David Montiel Blanco, Christa W. Habela, Carey A. Wilson, Guillermo G. Guzmán, Mariia Pavliuk Oct 2022

Genetic Testing To Inform Epilepsy Treatment Management From An International Study Of Clinical Practice, Dianalee Mcknight, Ana Morales, Kathryn E. Hatchell, Sara L. Bristow, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Michael Scott Perry, Anne T. Berg, Felippe Borlot, Edward D. Esplin, Chad Moretz, Katie Angione, Loreto Ríos-Pohl, Robert L. Nussbaum, Swaroop Aradhya, Chad R. Haldeman-Englert, Rebecca J. Levy, Venu G. Parachuri, Guillermo Lay-Son, David J. Dávila-Ortiz De Montellano, Miguel Angel Ramirez-Garcia, Edmar O. Benítez Alonso, Julie Ziobro, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Temis M. Felix, Dianne Kulasa-Luke, Andre Megarbane, Shefali Karkare, Sarah L. Chagnon, Jennifer B. Humberson, Melissa J. Assaf, Sebastian Silva, Katherine Zarroli, Oksana Boyarchuk, Gary R. Nelson, Rachel Palmquist, Katherine C. Hammond, Sean T. Hwang, Susan B. Boutlier, Melinda Nolan, Kaitlin Y. Batley, Devraj Chavda, Carlos Alberto Reyes-Silva, Oleksandr Miroshnikov, Britton Zuccarelli, Louise Amlie-Wolf, James W. Wheless, Syndi Seinfeld, Manoj Kanhangad, Jeremy L. Freeman, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Natalia Rodriguez-Vazquez, Monique M. Ryan, Michelle Machie, Patricio Guerra, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Meghan S. Candee, Caleb P. Bupp, Kristen L. Park, Eric Muller, Pamela Lupo, Robert C. Pedersen, Amir M. Arain, Andrea Murphy, Krista Schatz, Weiyi Mu, Paige M. Kalika, Lautaro Plaza, Marissa A. Kellogg, Evelyn G. Lora, Robert P. Carson, Victoria Svystilnyk, Viviana Venegas, Rebecca R. Luke, Huiyuan Jiang, Tetiana Stetsenko, Milagros M. Dueñas-Roque, Joseph Trasmonte, Rebecca J. Burke, Anna C. E. Hurst, Douglas M. Smith, Lauren J. Massingham, Laura Pisani, Carrie E. Costin, Betsy Ostrander, Francis M. Filloux, Amitha L. Ananth, Ismail S. Mohamed, Alla Nechai, Jasmin M. Dao, Michael C. Fahey, Ermal Aliu, Stephen Falchek, Craig A. Press, Lauren Treat, Krista Eschbach, Angela Starks, Ryan Kammeyer, Joshua J. Bear, Mona Jacobson, Veronika Chernuha, Bailey Meibos, Kristen Wong, Matthew T. Sweney, A. Chris Espinoza, Colin B. Van Orman, Arie Weinstock, Ashutosh Kumar, Claudia Soler-Alfonso, Danielle A. Nolan, Muhammad Raza, Miguel David Rojas Carrion, Geetha Chari, Eric D. Marsh, Yael Shiloh-Malawsky, Sumit Parikh, Ernesto Gonzalez-Giraldo, Stephen Fulton, Yoshimi Sogawa, Kaitlyn Burns, Myroslava Malets, Johnny David Montiel Blanco, Christa W. Habela, Carey A. Wilson, Guillermo G. Guzmán, Mariia Pavliuk

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: It is currently unknown how often and in which ways a genetic diagnosis given to a patient with epilepsy is associated with clinical management and outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how genetic diagnoses in patients with epilepsy are associated with clinical management and outcomes.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients referred for multigene panel testing between March 18, 2016, and August 3, 2020, with outcomes reported between May and November 2020. The study setting included a commercial genetic testing laboratory and multicenter clinical practices. Patients with epilepsy, regardless of sociodemographic features, who received a …


Sex Difference Leads To Differential Gene Expression Patterns And Therapeutic Efficacy In Mucopolysaccharidosis Iva Murine Model Receiving Aav8 Gene Therapy, Matthew Matthew Piechnik, Paige C. Amendum, Kazuki Sawamoto, Molly Stapleton, Shaukat Khan, Nidhi Fnu, Victor Álvarez, Angelica Maria Herreño Pachon, Olivier Danos, Joseph T. Bruder, Subha Karumuthil-Melethil, Shunji Tomatsu Oct 2022

Sex Difference Leads To Differential Gene Expression Patterns And Therapeutic Efficacy In Mucopolysaccharidosis Iva Murine Model Receiving Aav8 Gene Therapy, Matthew Matthew Piechnik, Paige C. Amendum, Kazuki Sawamoto, Molly Stapleton, Shaukat Khan, Nidhi Fnu, Victor Álvarez, Angelica Maria Herreño Pachon, Olivier Danos, Joseph T. Bruder, Subha Karumuthil-Melethil, Shunji Tomatsu

Student Papers & Posters

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) vector-based therapies can effectively correct some disease pathology in murine models with mucopolysaccharidoses. However, immunogenicity can limit therapeutic effect as immune responses target capsid proteins, transduced cells, and gene therapy products, ultimately resulting in loss of enzyme activity. Inherent differences in male versus female immune response can significantly impact AAV gene transfer. We aim to investigate sex differences in the immune response to AAV gene therapies in mice with mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA). MPS IVA mice, treated with different AAV vectors expressing human N-acetylgalactosamine 6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS), demonstrated a more robust antibody response in female mice resulting …


Differential Patterns And Outcomes Of 20.6 Million Cardiovascular Emergency Department Encounters For Men And Women In The United States., Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Ayman Elbadawi, Poonam Velagapudi, Garima Sharma, Renee P Bullock-Palmer, Steffen E Petersen, Laxmi S Mehta, Waqas Ullah, Ariel Roguin, Louise Y Sun, Mamas A Mamas Oct 2022

Differential Patterns And Outcomes Of 20.6 Million Cardiovascular Emergency Department Encounters For Men And Women In The United States., Zahra Raisi-Estabragh, Ofer Kobo, Ayman Elbadawi, Poonam Velagapudi, Garima Sharma, Renee P Bullock-Palmer, Steffen E Petersen, Laxmi S Mehta, Waqas Ullah, Ariel Roguin, Louise Y Sun, Mamas A Mamas

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Background We describe sex-differential disease patterns and outcomes of >20.6 million cardiovascular emergency department encounters in the United States. Methods and Results We analyzed primary cardiovascular encounters from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample between 2016 and 2018. We grouped cardiovascular diagnoses into 15 disease categories. The sample included 48.7% women; median age was 67 (interquartile range, 54-78) years. Men had greater overall baseline comorbidity burden; however, women had higher rates of obesity, hypertension, and cerebrovascular disease. For women, the most common emergency department encounters were essential hypertension (16.0%), hypertensive heart or kidney disease (14.1%), and atrial fibrillation/flutter (10.2%). For men, …


Sex-Specific Considerations In Degenerative Aortic Stenosis For Female-Tailored Transfemoral Aortic Valve Implantation Management, Giulia Masiero, Valeria Paradies, Anna Franzone, Barbara Bellini, Chiara De Biase, Nicole Karam, Francesca Sanguineti, Mamas A Mamas, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Chiara Fraccaro, Battistina Castiglioni, Tiziana Attisano, Giovanni Esposito, Alaide Chieffo Oct 2022

Sex-Specific Considerations In Degenerative Aortic Stenosis For Female-Tailored Transfemoral Aortic Valve Implantation Management, Giulia Masiero, Valeria Paradies, Anna Franzone, Barbara Bellini, Chiara De Biase, Nicole Karam, Francesca Sanguineti, Mamas A Mamas, Hélène Eltchaninoff, Chiara Fraccaro, Battistina Castiglioni, Tiziana Attisano, Giovanni Esposito, Alaide Chieffo

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

The impact of sex on pathophysiological processes, clinical presentation, treatment options, as well as outcomes of degenerative aortic stenosis remain poorly understood. Female patients are well represented in transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI) trials and appear to derive favorable outcomes with TAVI. However, higher incidences of major bleeding, vascular complications, and stroke have been reported in women following TAVI. The anatomical characteristics and pathophysiological features of aortic stenosis in women might guide a tailored planning of the percutaneous approach. We highlight whether a sex-based TAVI management strategy might impact on clinical outcomes. This review aimed to evaluate the impact of …


Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Patients With Heart Failure From Before To Early After Advanced Surgical Therapies: Findings From The Sustain-It Study, Kathleen L. Grady, Justin Hartupee, Et Al. Oct 2022

Health-Related Quality Of Life In Older Patients With Heart Failure From Before To Early After Advanced Surgical Therapies: Findings From The Sustain-It Study, Kathleen L. Grady, Justin Hartupee, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Restoring health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a therapeutic goal for older patients with advanced heart failure. We aimed to describe change in HRQOL in older patients (60-80 years) awaiting heart transplantation (HT) with or without pretransplant mechanical circulatory support (MCS) or scheduled for long-term MCS, if ineligible for HT, from before to 6 months after these surgeries and identify factors associated with change.

METHODS: Patients from 13 US sites completed the EuroQol 5-dimension 3L questionnaire and Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire-12 at baseline and 3 and 6 months after HT or long-term MCS. Analyses included univariate comparisons and multivariable …


Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay Sep 2022

Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Preventative health measures such as shelter in place and mask wearing have been widely encouraged to curb the spread of the COVID-19 disease. People's attitudes toward preventative behaviors may be dependent on their sources of information and trust in the information.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between trusting in COVID-19 information and preventative behaviors in a racially and politically diverse metropolitan area in the United States.

METHODS: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of residents in St. Louis City and County in Missouri. Individuals aged ≥18 years were eligible to participate. Participants were …


Help Is Available: Supporting Mental Wellness Through Peer Health Navigation With Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men With Hiv, Donald R Gerke, Jeff Glotfelty, Maria Freshman, Julia Schlueter, Alex Ochs, Katie Plax Sep 2022

Help Is Available: Supporting Mental Wellness Through Peer Health Navigation With Young Black Men Who Have Sex With Men With Hiv, Donald R Gerke, Jeff Glotfelty, Maria Freshman, Julia Schlueter, Alex Ochs, Katie Plax

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) with HIV experience disproportionate rates of trauma, incarceration, poverty, racial discrimination, and homophobia. The synergistic effects of these adverse experiences, along with increased rates of mental health disorders, increase their risk for poor health. To address this need, the study authors adapted a current HIV service model to include a peer-health navigation intervention (WITH U) to attend to behavioral health, health literacy, linkage to services, and psychosocial support for YBMSM with HIV. This longitudinal, mixed-methods, nonexperimental study reports on the mental health burden among participants and the association between participation in …


Long-Term Neurologic Outcomes Of Covid-19, Evan Xu, Yan Xie, Ziyad Al-Aly Sep 2022

Long-Term Neurologic Outcomes Of Covid-19, Evan Xu, Yan Xie, Ziyad Al-Aly

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The neurologic manifestations of acute COVID-19 are well characterized, but a comprehensive evaluation of postacute neurologic sequelae at 1 year has not been undertaken. Here we use the national healthcare databases of the US Department of Veterans Affairs to build a cohort of 154,068 individuals with COVID-19, 5,638,795 contemporary controls and 5,859,621 historical controls; we use inverse probability weighting to balance the cohorts, and estimate risks and burdens of incident neurologic disorders at 12 months following acute SARS-CoV-2 infection. Our results show that in the postacute phase of COVID-19, there was increased risk of an array of incident neurologic sequelae …


No Statistical Learning Advantage In Children Over Adults: Evidence From Behaviour And Neural Entrainment., Christine N Moreau, Marc F. Joanisse, Jerrica Mulgrew, Laura J. Batterink Sep 2022

No Statistical Learning Advantage In Children Over Adults: Evidence From Behaviour And Neural Entrainment., Christine N Moreau, Marc F. Joanisse, Jerrica Mulgrew, Laura J. Batterink

Brain and Mind Institute Researchers' Publications

Explicit recognition measures of statistical learning (SL) suggest that children and adults have similar linguistic SL abilities. However, explicit tasks recruit additional cognitive processes that are not directly relevant for SL and may thus underestimate children's true SL capacities. In contrast, implicit tasks and neural measures of SL should be less influenced by explicit, higher-level cognitive abilities and thus may be better suited to capturing developmental differences in SL. Here, we assessed SL to six minutes of an artificial language in English-speaking children (n = 56, 24 females, M = 9.98 years) and adults (n = 44; 31 females, M …


High Prevalence Of Chronic Viral Hepatitis B And C In Minnesota Somalis Contributes To Rising Hepatocellular Carcinoma Incidence, Essa A Mohamed, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Et Al. Sep 2022

High Prevalence Of Chronic Viral Hepatitis B And C In Minnesota Somalis Contributes To Rising Hepatocellular Carcinoma Incidence, Essa A Mohamed, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections are known risk factors for liver disease, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). There is substantial global variation in HBV and HCV prevalence resulting in variations in cirrhosis and HCC. We previously reported high prevalence of HBV and HCV infections in Somali immigrants seen at an academic medical center in Minnesota.

AIM: To determine the prevalence of chronic viral hepatitis in Somali immigrants in Minnesota through a community-based screening program.

METHODS: We conducted a prospective community-based participatory research study in the Somali community in Minnesota in partnership with community …


Genomic Testing In Localized Prostate Cancer Can Identify Subsets Of African Americans With Aggressive Disease, Shivanshu Awasthi, G. Daniel Grass, Javier Torres-Roca, Peter A. S. Johnstone, Julio Pow-Sang, Jasreman Dhillon, Jong Park, Robert J. Rounbehler, Elai Davicioni, Alex Hakansson, Yang Liu, Angelina K. Fink, Amanda Derenzis, Jordan H. Creed, Michael Poch, Roger Li, Brandon Manley, Daniel Fernandez, Arash Naghavi, Kenneth Gage, Grace Lu-Yao, Evangelia Katsoulakis, Ryan J. Burri, Andrew Leone, Cesar E. Ercole, Joshua D. Palmer, Neha Vapiwala, Curtiland Deville, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Adam P. Dicker, William Kelly, Kosj Yamoah Sep 2022

Genomic Testing In Localized Prostate Cancer Can Identify Subsets Of African Americans With Aggressive Disease, Shivanshu Awasthi, G. Daniel Grass, Javier Torres-Roca, Peter A. S. Johnstone, Julio Pow-Sang, Jasreman Dhillon, Jong Park, Robert J. Rounbehler, Elai Davicioni, Alex Hakansson, Yang Liu, Angelina K. Fink, Amanda Derenzis, Jordan H. Creed, Michael Poch, Roger Li, Brandon Manley, Daniel Fernandez, Arash Naghavi, Kenneth Gage, Grace Lu-Yao, Evangelia Katsoulakis, Ryan J. Burri, Andrew Leone, Cesar E. Ercole, Joshua D. Palmer, Neha Vapiwala, Curtiland Deville, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Adam P. Dicker, William Kelly, Kosj Yamoah

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Personalized genomic classifiers have transformed the management of prostate cancer (PCa) by identifying the most aggressive subsets of PCa. Nevertheless, the performance of genomic classifiers to risk classify African American men is thus far lacking in a prospective setting.

METHODS: This is a prospective study of the Decipher genomic classifier for National Comprehensive Cancer Network low- and intermediate-risk PCa. Study-eligible non-African American men were matched to African American men. Diagnostic biopsy specimens were processed to estimate Decipher scores. Samples accrued in NCT02723734, a prospective study, were interrogated to determine the genomic risk of reclassification (GrR) between conventional clinical risk …


Association Of Blood-Based Brain Injury Biomarker Concentrations With Outcomes After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest, Ericka L Fink, Stuart Friess, Et Al. Sep 2022

Association Of Blood-Based Brain Injury Biomarker Concentrations With Outcomes After Pediatric Cardiac Arrest, Ericka L Fink, Stuart Friess, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Importance: Families and clinicians have limited validated tools available to assist in estimating long-term outcomes early after pediatric cardiac arrest. Blood-based brain-specific biomarkers may be helpful tools to aid in outcome assessment.

Objective: To analyze the association of blood-based brain injury biomarker concentrations with outcomes 1 year after pediatric cardiac arrest.

Design, Setting, and Participants: The Personalizing Outcomes After Child Cardiac Arrest multicenter prospective cohort study was conducted in pediatric intensive care units at 14 academic referral centers in the US between May 16, 2017, and August 19, 2020, with the primary investigators blinded to 1-year outcomes. The study included …


Association Of Male Hypogonadism With Risk Of Hospitalization For Covid-19, Sandeep Dhindsa, Cosette Champion, Ekamjit Deol, Matthew Lui, Robert Campbell, Jennifer Newman, Aparna Yeggalam, Srikanth Nadella, Vaishaliben Ahir, Ekta Shrestha, Thomas Kannampallil, Abhinav Diwan Sep 2022

Association Of Male Hypogonadism With Risk Of Hospitalization For Covid-19, Sandeep Dhindsa, Cosette Champion, Ekamjit Deol, Matthew Lui, Robert Campbell, Jennifer Newman, Aparna Yeggalam, Srikanth Nadella, Vaishaliben Ahir, Ekta Shrestha, Thomas Kannampallil, Abhinav Diwan

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Importance: Male sex is associated with severe COVID-19. It is not known whether the risk of hospitalization differs between men with hypogonadism, men with eugonadism, and those receiving testosterone therapy (TTh).

Objective: To compare COVID-19 hospitalization rates for men with hypogonadism who were not receiving TTh, men with eugonadism, and men receiving TTh.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study was conducted in 2 large academic health systems in St Louis, Missouri, among 723 men with a history of COVID-19 who had testosterone concentrations measured between January 1, 2017, and December 31, 2021.

Exposures: The primary exposure was gonadal status …


Characteristics And Patterns Of Retention In Hypertension Care In Primary Care Settings From The Hypertension Treatment In Nigeria Program, Jiancheng Ye, Mark D Huffman, Et Al. Sep 2022

Characteristics And Patterns Of Retention In Hypertension Care In Primary Care Settings From The Hypertension Treatment In Nigeria Program, Jiancheng Ye, Mark D Huffman, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Background: More than 1.2 billion adults worldwide have hypertension. High retention in clinical care is essential for long-term management of hypertension, but 1-year retention rates are less than 50% in many resource-limited settings.

Objective: To evaluate short-term retention rates and associated factors among patients with hypertension in primary health care centers in the Federal Capital Territory of Nigeria.

Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cohort study, data were collected by trained study staff from adults aged 18 years or older at 60 public, primary health care centers in Nigeria between January 2020 and July 2021 as part of the Hypertension …


Covid-19 And Lung Cavitation: A Clue To Pathogenesis?, Tanner W. Norris, Blake M. Snyder, Patryk Purta, Ryan P. Spilman, Vanessa J. Craig Aug 2022

Covid-19 And Lung Cavitation: A Clue To Pathogenesis?, Tanner W. Norris, Blake M. Snyder, Patryk Purta, Ryan P. Spilman, Vanessa J. Craig

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Lung cavitation as a complication of COVID-19 is rare. A 56-year-old male presented with lung cavitation, small volume hemoptysis, and violaceous discoloration of the right great toe, 5 weeks after diagnosis with COVID-19 pneumonia. The digital changes were consistent with previously described microvascular changes called "COVID toe." CT angiography of the chest was negative for pulmonary embolism but showed a 2.5 x 3.1 x 2.2 cm cavitation within the right lung. Extensive evaluation for commonly implicated infectious and autoimmune causes was negative. We concluded that the cavitary lung lesions were likely a complication of COVID-19 pneumonia and may implicate microangiopathy …


Spatiotemporal Correlation Analysis Of Hydraulic Fracturing And Stroke In The United States, Chuanbo Hu, Bin Liu, Shuo Wang, Zhenduo Zhu, Amelia Adcock, James Simpkins, Xin Li Aug 2022

Spatiotemporal Correlation Analysis Of Hydraulic Fracturing And Stroke In The United States, Chuanbo Hu, Bin Liu, Shuo Wang, Zhenduo Zhu, Amelia Adcock, James Simpkins, Xin Li

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Hydraulic fracturing or fracking has led to a rapid growth of oil and gas production in the United States, but the impact of fracking on public health is an important but underresearched topic. We designed a methodology to study spatiotemporal correlations between the risk of fracking and stroke mortality. An annualized loss expectancy (ALE) model is applied to quantify the risk of fracking. The geographically and temporally weighted regression (GTWR) model is used to analyze spatiotemporal correlations of stroke mortality, fracking ALE, and nine other socioeconomic- and health-related factors. The analysis shows that fracking ALE is moderately correlated with stroke …