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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

The Association Of Caregiver Attitudes, Information Sources, And Trust With Hpv Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescents, Akila Anandarajah, Thembekile Shato, Sarah Humble, Alan R Barnette, Heather M Brandt, Lisa M Klesges, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Michelle I Silver Dec 2024

The Association Of Caregiver Attitudes, Information Sources, And Trust With Hpv Vaccine Initiation Among Adolescents, Akila Anandarajah, Thembekile Shato, Sarah Humble, Alan R Barnette, Heather M Brandt, Lisa M Klesges, Vetta L Sanders Thompson, Michelle I Silver

2020-Current year OA Pubs

This study described caregiver attitudes and the information sources they access about HPV vaccination for adolescents and determined their influence on human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination initiation. An online survey was administered to 1,016 adults in July 2021. Participants were eligible if they were the caregiver of a child aged 9-17 residing in Mississippi, Arkansas, Tennessee, Missouri, and select counties in Southern Illinois. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the association of caregiver attitudes and information sources with HPV vaccination. Information from doctors or healthcare providers (87.4%) and internet sources other than social media (31.0%) were the most used sources …


Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader Dec 2024

Saponin Tql1055 Adjuvant-Containing Vaccine Confers Protection Upon Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Challenge In Mice, Mushtaq Ahmed, Eric Farris, Rosemary V Swanson, Shibali Das, Yan Yang, Tyler Martin, Shabaana A Khader

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by the intracellular pathogen


Population Pharmacokinetic Analysis Of Atomoxetine And Its Metabolites In Children And Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder., Shen Cheng, Mahmoud Al-Kofahi, J Steven Leeder, Jacob T. Brown May 2024

Population Pharmacokinetic Analysis Of Atomoxetine And Its Metabolites In Children And Adolescents With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder., Shen Cheng, Mahmoud Al-Kofahi, J Steven Leeder, Jacob T. Brown

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Atomoxetine (ATX) is a non-stimulant used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and systemic exposure is highly variable due to polymorphic cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) activity. The objective of this study was to characterize the time course of ATX and metabolites (4-hydroxyatomoxetine (4-OH); N-desmethylatomoxetine (NDA); and 2-carboxymethylatomoxetine (2-COOH)) exposure following oral ATX dosing in children with ADHD to support individualized dosing. A nonlinear mixed-effect modeling approach was used to analyze ATX, 4-OH, and NDA plasma and urine, and 2-COOH urine profiles obtained over 24-72 hours from children with ADHD (n = 23) following a single oral ATX dose. Demographics and CYP2D6 …


Approach For Defining Human Adenovirus Infection And Disease For Central Review Adjudication In Clinical Studies., Brian T. Fisher, Jesse Blumenstock, Craig L K Boge, Sydney Shuster, Alix E. Seif, Michael Green, Marian G. Michaels, Jessie L. Alexander, Monica I. Ardura, Tamara P. Miller, Diego R. Hijano, William J. Muller, Jennifer E. Schuster, Abby M. Green, Daniel E. Dulek, Adriana E. Kajon, Lara Danziger-Isakov May 2024

Approach For Defining Human Adenovirus Infection And Disease For Central Review Adjudication In Clinical Studies., Brian T. Fisher, Jesse Blumenstock, Craig L K Boge, Sydney Shuster, Alix E. Seif, Michael Green, Marian G. Michaels, Jessie L. Alexander, Monica I. Ardura, Tamara P. Miller, Diego R. Hijano, William J. Muller, Jennifer E. Schuster, Abby M. Green, Daniel E. Dulek, Adriana E. Kajon, Lara Danziger-Isakov

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) recipients are at risk for morbidity and mortality from human adenovirus (HAdV). HAdV can be detected in an asymptomatic state, referred to as infection or with signs or symptoms of illness, referred to as disease. Standardized case definitions are needed to distinguish infection from disease and allow for consistent reporting in both observational cohort studies and therapeutic clinical trials.

METHODS: A working group of experts in virology, transplant infectious disease, and HCT was assembled to develop HAdV infection and disease definitions with the degree of certainty (i.e., possible, probable, and proven). Definitions were …


Immunophenotypic Predictors Of Influenza Vaccine Immunogenicity In Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients., Justin Z. Amarin, Daniel E. Dulek, Joshua Simmons, Haya Hayek, James D. Chappell, Cindy Hager Nochowicz, Carrie L. Kitko, Jennifer E. Schuster, Flor M. Muñoz, Claire E. Bocchini, Elizabeth A. Moulton, Susan E. Coffin, Jason L. Freedman, Monica I. Ardura, Rachel L. Wattier, Gabriela Maron, Michael Grimley, Grant Paulsen, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Paul A. Carpenter, Janet A. Englund, Natasha B. Halasa, Andrew J. Spieker, Spyros A. Kalams Apr 2024

Immunophenotypic Predictors Of Influenza Vaccine Immunogenicity In Pediatric Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Recipients., Justin Z. Amarin, Daniel E. Dulek, Joshua Simmons, Haya Hayek, James D. Chappell, Cindy Hager Nochowicz, Carrie L. Kitko, Jennifer E. Schuster, Flor M. Muñoz, Claire E. Bocchini, Elizabeth A. Moulton, Susan E. Coffin, Jason L. Freedman, Monica I. Ardura, Rachel L. Wattier, Gabriela Maron, Michael Grimley, Grant Paulsen, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Paul A. Carpenter, Janet A. Englund, Natasha B. Halasa, Andrew J. Spieker, Spyros A. Kalams

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients exhibit poor serologic responses to influenza vaccination early after transplant. To facilitate the optimization of influenza vaccination timing, we sought to identify B- and T-cell subpopulations associated with influenza vaccine immunogenicity in this population. We used mass cytometry to phenotype peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected from pediatric HCT recipients enrolled in a multicenter influenza vaccine trial comparing high- and standard-dose formulations over 3 influenza seasons (2016-2019). We fit linear regression models to estimate relationships between immune cell subpopulation numbers before vaccination and prevaccination to postvaccination geometric mean fold rises in antigen-specific (A/H3N2, A/H1N1, and …


Structural Variants Involving Mllt10 Fusion Are Associated With Adverse Outcomes In Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia., Oussama Abla, Rhonda E. Ries, Tim Triche, Robert B. Gerbing, Betsy Hirsch, Susana Raimondi, Todd Cooper, Jason E. Farrar, Nathaniel Buteyn, Lauren M. Harmon, Hong Wen, Aniruddha J. Deshpande, E Anders Kolb, Alan S. Gamis, Richard Aplenc, Todd Alonzo, Soheil Meshinchi Apr 2024

Structural Variants Involving Mllt10 Fusion Are Associated With Adverse Outcomes In Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia., Oussama Abla, Rhonda E. Ries, Tim Triche, Robert B. Gerbing, Betsy Hirsch, Susana Raimondi, Todd Cooper, Jason E. Farrar, Nathaniel Buteyn, Lauren M. Harmon, Hong Wen, Aniruddha J. Deshpande, E Anders Kolb, Alan S. Gamis, Richard Aplenc, Todd Alonzo, Soheil Meshinchi

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

MLLT10 gene rearrangements with KMT2A occur in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and confer poor prognosis, but the prognostic impact of MLLT10 in partnership with other genes is unknown. We conducted a retrospective study with 2080 children and young adults with AML registered on the Children's Oncology Group AAML0531 (NCT00372593) and AAML1031 trials (NCT01371981). Transcriptome profiling and/or karyotyping were performed to identify leukemia-associated fusions associated with prognosis. Collectively, 127 patients (6.1%) were identified with MLLT10 fusions: 104 (81.9%) with KMT2A::MLLT10, 13 (10.2%) with PICALM::MLLT10, and 10 (7.9%) X::MLLT10: (2 each of DDX3X and TEC), with 6 partners (DDX3Y, CEP164, SCN2B, …


Durability Of Original Monovalent Mrna Vaccine Effectiveness Against Covid-19 Omicron-Associated Hospitalization In Children And Adolescents - United States, 2021-2023., Laura D. Zambrano, Margaret M. Newhams, Regina M. Simeone, Amanda B. Payne, Michael Wu, Amber O. Orzel-Lockwood, Natasha B. Halasa, Jemima M. Calixte, Pia S. Pannaraj, Kanokporn Mongkolrattanothai, Julie A Boom, Leila C Sahni, Satoshi Kamidani, Kathleen Chiotos, Melissa A Cameron, Aline B Maddux, Katherine Irby, Jennifer E. Schuster, Elizabeth H. Mack, Austin Biggs, Bria M. Coates, Kelly N. Michelson, Katherine E. Bline, Ryan A. Nofziger, Hillary Crandall, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Shira J. Gertz, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Tamara T. Bradford, Tracie C. Walker, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Mary Allen Staat, Samina S. Bhumbra, Janet R. Hume, Michele Kong, Melissa S. Stockwell, Thomas J. Connors, Melissa L. Cullimore, Heidi R. Flori, Emily R. Levy, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Matt S. Zinter, Mia Maamari, Cindy Bowens, Danielle M. Zerr, Judith A. Guzman-Cottrill, Ivan Gonzalez, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators Apr 2024

Durability Of Original Monovalent Mrna Vaccine Effectiveness Against Covid-19 Omicron-Associated Hospitalization In Children And Adolescents - United States, 2021-2023., Laura D. Zambrano, Margaret M. Newhams, Regina M. Simeone, Amanda B. Payne, Michael Wu, Amber O. Orzel-Lockwood, Natasha B. Halasa, Jemima M. Calixte, Pia S. Pannaraj, Kanokporn Mongkolrattanothai, Julie A Boom, Leila C Sahni, Satoshi Kamidani, Kathleen Chiotos, Melissa A Cameron, Aline B Maddux, Katherine Irby, Jennifer E. Schuster, Elizabeth H. Mack, Austin Biggs, Bria M. Coates, Kelly N. Michelson, Katherine E. Bline, Ryan A. Nofziger, Hillary Crandall, Charlotte V. Hobbs, Shira J. Gertz, Sabrina M. Heidemann, Tamara T. Bradford, Tracie C. Walker, Stephanie P. Schwartz, Mary Allen Staat, Samina S. Bhumbra, Janet R. Hume, Michele Kong, Melissa S. Stockwell, Thomas J. Connors, Melissa L. Cullimore, Heidi R. Flori, Emily R. Levy, Natalie Z. Cvijanovich, Matt S. Zinter, Mia Maamari, Cindy Bowens, Danielle M. Zerr, Judith A. Guzman-Cottrill, Ivan Gonzalez, Angela P. Campbell, Adrienne G. Randolph, Overcoming Covid-19 Investigators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Pediatric COVID-19 vaccination is effective in preventing COVID-19-related hospitalization, but duration of protection of the original monovalent vaccine during SARS-CoV-2 Omicron predominance merits evaluation, particularly given low coverage with updated COVID-19 vaccines. During December 19, 2021-October 29, 2023, the Overcoming COVID-19 Network evaluated vaccine effectiveness (VE) of ≥2 original monovalent COVID-19 mRNA vaccine doses against COVID-19-related hospitalization and critical illness among U.S. children and adolescents aged 5-18 years, using a case-control design. Too few children and adolescents received bivalent or updated monovalent vaccines to separately evaluate their effectiveness. Most case-patients (persons with a positive SARS-CoV-2 test result) were unvaccinated, despite …


Use Of Medication Management Strategies To Increase Medication Compliance In Person’S Who Have Suffered A Stroke, Mason Pace, Rebecca King Apr 2024

Use Of Medication Management Strategies To Increase Medication Compliance In Person’S Who Have Suffered A Stroke, Mason Pace, Rebecca King

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

The provided research provides education to increased independence in person with stroke for the occupation of medication adherence. Various exercises and education provided in the research to increase independence in persons with stroke.


Awareness And Advocacy For The Needs Of Nfl Athletes: A Qualitative Study, Bianca Castro, Susan Macdermott Apr 2024

Awareness And Advocacy For The Needs Of Nfl Athletes: A Qualitative Study, Bianca Castro, Susan Macdermott

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

The presentation delves into understanding, investigating, and supporting the occupational needs of NFL athletes. Through thorough research and analysis, it was revealed that these athletes face distinct challenges and demands in their professional and personal lives, specifically in wellness, quality of life, and lifestyle balance. The study results provide knowledge and abilities to address and advocate the unique needs of NFL athletes. The evidence strongly emphasizes the advantages and benefits of occupational therapy services in non-traditional settings such as sports.


An Ot Needs Assessment For Children And Families Residing In Shelters, Jessie Siono, Susan Macdermott Apr 2024

An Ot Needs Assessment For Children And Families Residing In Shelters, Jessie Siono, Susan Macdermott

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

This study created a needs assessment is to determine the unique occupational deficits of children and their families in California experiencing homelessness within a shelter setting via recording their lived experiences. A local family shelter was analyzed via observation and interviews with staff and residents of the shelter. The results were compiled into a facility assessment to identify supports and barriers to occupation. Results were also utilized to complete an occupational needs assessment for families and children living in homeless shelters. The study determined the occupational needs and occurrences of occupational deficits that were experienced by residents of the family …


The Role Of Occupational Therapy In Enhancing Adaptive Golf, Jessica A. Garday, Susan Macdermott Apr 2024

The Role Of Occupational Therapy In Enhancing Adaptive Golf, Jessica A. Garday, Susan Macdermott

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

This project is focused on advocating on behalf of golfers with disabilities by providing an educational resource for golf administrators on enhancing adaptive golf at their facility. The project's deliverable was an in-service presentation highlighting the importance of adaptive golf and its positive impact on community, state, and national individuals. The in-service was delivered through the Southern California Professional Golf Association SCPGA Catalyst webinar series. The topics included grants for adaptive equipment, the financial impact of adaptive golf on the industry, community partnerships, and golf course design modifications utilizing the most cost-effective approaches. The student found that more education can …


Bone Canonical Wnt Signaling Is Downregulated In Type 2 Diabetes And Associates With Higher Advanced Glycation End-Products (Ages) Content And Reduced Bone Strength, Giulia Leanza, Alec T Beeve, Erica L Scheller, Simon Y Tang, Roberto Civitelli, Nicola Napoli, Et Al. Apr 2024

Bone Canonical Wnt Signaling Is Downregulated In Type 2 Diabetes And Associates With Higher Advanced Glycation End-Products (Ages) Content And Reduced Bone Strength, Giulia Leanza, Alec T Beeve, Erica L Scheller, Simon Y Tang, Roberto Civitelli, Nicola Napoli, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with higher fracture risk, despite normal or high bone mineral density. We reported that bone formation genes (


Ot's Perspective On Type 1 Diabetes Management In College Students, Nimmy Thomas, Cassandra Nelson, Elizabeth Pyatak Apr 2024

Ot's Perspective On Type 1 Diabetes Management In College Students, Nimmy Thomas, Cassandra Nelson, Elizabeth Pyatak

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

To create a program guide to provide resources for freshman-year students to seek accommodations or helpful tips for students with type 1 diabetes to have a smooth transition to college enhance overall health management, and participate in leisure activities.


Csf Biomarkers Of Immune Activation And Alzheimer's Disease For Predicting Cognitive Impairment Risk In The Elderly, Francis Shue, Rachel Hendrix, Jason Ulrich, Rachel L Henson, William Knight, Chengjie Xiong, Jigyasha Timsina, Yun Ju Sung, Carlos Cruchaga, David M Holtzman, Et Al. Apr 2024

Csf Biomarkers Of Immune Activation And Alzheimer's Disease For Predicting Cognitive Impairment Risk In The Elderly, Francis Shue, Rachel Hendrix, Jason Ulrich, Rachel L Henson, William Knight, Chengjie Xiong, Jigyasha Timsina, Yun Ju Sung, Carlos Cruchaga, David M Holtzman, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The immune system substantially influences age-related cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression, affected by genetic and environmental factors. In a Mayo Clinic Study of Aging cohort, we examined how risk factors like APOE genotype, age, and sex affect inflammatory molecules and AD biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Among cognitively unimpaired individuals over 65 (


A Compendium Of Multi-Omics Data Illuminating Host Responses To Lethal Human Virus Infections, Amie J Eisfeld, Larissa B Thackray, Qing Tan, Michael S Diamond, Et Al. Apr 2024

A Compendium Of Multi-Omics Data Illuminating Host Responses To Lethal Human Virus Infections, Amie J Eisfeld, Larissa B Thackray, Qing Tan, Michael S Diamond, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Human infections caused by viral pathogens trigger a complex gamut of host responses that limit disease, resolve infection, generate immunity, and contribute to severe disease or death. Here, we present experimental methods and multi-omics data capture approaches representing the global host response to infection generated from 45 individual experiments involving human viruses from the Orthomyxoviridae, Filoviridae, Flaviviridae, and Coronaviridae families. Analogous experimental designs were implemented across human or mouse host model systems, longitudinal samples were collected over defined time courses, and global multi-omics data (transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and lipidomics) were acquired by microarray, RNA sequencing, or mass spectrometry analyses. For …


Occupational Engagement In Recreational Sports For The Deaf And Hard Of Hearing: An Employee Guidebook, Colleen Mcerlean, Mary Ann Smith, Christopher Ebner Apr 2024

Occupational Engagement In Recreational Sports For The Deaf And Hard Of Hearing: An Employee Guidebook, Colleen Mcerlean, Mary Ann Smith, Christopher Ebner

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

An employee guidebook to help increase occupational engagement within recreational sports for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing population in the Austin, TX area.


Ic3d Classification Of Corneal Dystrophies-Edition 3, Jayne Weiss, Christopher Rapuano, Berthold Seitz, Massimo Busin, Tero Kivelä, Nacim Bouheraoua, Cecilie Bredrup, Ken Nischal, Harshvardhan Chawla, Vincent Borderie, Kenneth Kenyon, Eung Kweon Kim, Hans Ulrik Møller, Francis Munier, Tim Berger, Walter Lisch Apr 2024

Ic3d Classification Of Corneal Dystrophies-Edition 3, Jayne Weiss, Christopher Rapuano, Berthold Seitz, Massimo Busin, Tero Kivelä, Nacim Bouheraoua, Cecilie Bredrup, Ken Nischal, Harshvardhan Chawla, Vincent Borderie, Kenneth Kenyon, Eung Kweon Kim, Hans Ulrik Møller, Francis Munier, Tim Berger, Walter Lisch

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

PURPOSE: The International Committee for the Classification of Corneal Dystrophies (IC3D) was created in 2005 to develop a new classification system integrating current information on phenotype, histopathology, and genetic analysis. This update is the third edition of the IC3D nomenclature.

METHODS: Peer-reviewed publications from 2014 to 2023 were evaluated. The new information was used to update the anatomic classification and each of the 22 standardized templates including the level of evidence for being a corneal dystrophy [from category 1 (most evidence) to category 4 (least evidence)].

RESULTS: Epithelial recurrent erosion dystrophies now include epithelial recurrent erosion dystrophy, category 1 ( …


Multicenter Study Of Long-Term Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Phace Syndrome After Age 10., Mitchell Braun, Ilona J. Frieden, Dawn H. Siegel, Elizabeth George, Christopher P. Hess, Christine K. Fox, Sarah L. Chamlin, Beth A. Drolet, Denise Metry, Elena Pope, Julie Powell, Kristen Holland, Caden Ulschmid, Marilyn G. Liang, Kelly K. Barry, Tina Ho, Chantal Cotter, Eulalia Baselga, David Bosquez, Surabhi Neerendranath Jain, Jordan K. Bui, Irene Lara-Corrales, Tracy Funk, Alison Small, Wenelia Baghoomian, Albert C. Yan, James R. Treat, Griffin Stockton Hogrogian, Charles Huang, Anita Haggstrom, Mary List, Catherine C. Mccuaig, Victoria Barrio, Anthony J. Mancini, Leslie P. Lawley, Kerrie Grunnet-Satcher, Kimberly A. Horii, Brandon D. Newell, Amy J. Nopper, Maria C. Garzon, Margaret E. Scollan, Erin F. Mathes Apr 2024

Multicenter Study Of Long-Term Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Phace Syndrome After Age 10., Mitchell Braun, Ilona J. Frieden, Dawn H. Siegel, Elizabeth George, Christopher P. Hess, Christine K. Fox, Sarah L. Chamlin, Beth A. Drolet, Denise Metry, Elena Pope, Julie Powell, Kristen Holland, Caden Ulschmid, Marilyn G. Liang, Kelly K. Barry, Tina Ho, Chantal Cotter, Eulalia Baselga, David Bosquez, Surabhi Neerendranath Jain, Jordan K. Bui, Irene Lara-Corrales, Tracy Funk, Alison Small, Wenelia Baghoomian, Albert C. Yan, James R. Treat, Griffin Stockton Hogrogian, Charles Huang, Anita Haggstrom, Mary List, Catherine C. Mccuaig, Victoria Barrio, Anthony J. Mancini, Leslie P. Lawley, Kerrie Grunnet-Satcher, Kimberly A. Horii, Brandon D. Newell, Amy J. Nopper, Maria C. Garzon, Margaret E. Scollan, Erin F. Mathes

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: To characterize long-term outcomes of PHACE syndrome.

STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter study with cross-sectional interviews and chart review of individuals with definite PHACE syndrome ≥10 years of age. Data from charts were collected across multiple PHACE-related topics. Data not available in charts were collected from patients directly. Likert scales were used to assess the impact of specific findings. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scales were used to assess quality of life domains.

RESULTS: A total of 104/153 (68%) individuals contacted participated in the study at a median of 14 years of age (range 10-77 years). There were infantile hemangioma …


Zooming In On Justice: The Case For Virtual Bioethics Conferencing., Bruce P Blackshaw, Daniel Rodger, Daniel J Hurst Apr 2024

Zooming In On Justice: The Case For Virtual Bioethics Conferencing., Bruce P Blackshaw, Daniel Rodger, Daniel J Hurst

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

No abstract available.


A Multitrait Genetic Study Of Hemostatic Factors And Hemorrhagic Transformation After Stroke Treatment, Cristina Gallego-Fabrega, Gerard Temprano-Sagrera, Jara Cárcel-Márquez, Elena Muiño, Natalia Cullell, Miquel Lledós, Laia Llucià-Carol, Jesús M Martin-Campos, Tomás Sobrino, José Castillo, Mònica Millán, Lucía Muñoz-Narbona, Elena López-Cancio, Marc Ribó, Jose Alvarez-Sabin, Jordi Jiménez-Conde, Jaume Roquer, Silvia Tur, Victor Obach, Juan F Arenillas, Tomas Segura, Gemma Serrano-Heras, Joan Marti-Fabregas, Marimar Freijo-Guerrero, Francisco Moniche, Maria Del Mar Castellanos, Alanna C Morrison, Nicholas L Smith, Paul S De Vries, Israel Fernández-Cadenas, Maria Sabater-Lleal Apr 2024

A Multitrait Genetic Study Of Hemostatic Factors And Hemorrhagic Transformation After Stroke Treatment, Cristina Gallego-Fabrega, Gerard Temprano-Sagrera, Jara Cárcel-Márquez, Elena Muiño, Natalia Cullell, Miquel Lledós, Laia Llucià-Carol, Jesús M Martin-Campos, Tomás Sobrino, José Castillo, Mònica Millán, Lucía Muñoz-Narbona, Elena López-Cancio, Marc Ribó, Jose Alvarez-Sabin, Jordi Jiménez-Conde, Jaume Roquer, Silvia Tur, Victor Obach, Juan F Arenillas, Tomas Segura, Gemma Serrano-Heras, Joan Marti-Fabregas, Marimar Freijo-Guerrero, Francisco Moniche, Maria Del Mar Castellanos, Alanna C Morrison, Nicholas L Smith, Paul S De Vries, Israel Fernández-Cadenas, Maria Sabater-Lleal

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Thrombolytic recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) treatment is the only pharmacologic intervention available in the ischemic stroke acute phase. This treatment is associated with an increased risk of intracerebral hemorrhages, known as hemorrhagic transformations (HTs), which worsen the patient's prognosis.

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between genetically determined natural hemostatic factors' levels and increased risk of HT after r-tPA treatment.

METHODS: Using data from genome-wide association studies on the risk of HT after r-tPA treatment and data on 7 hemostatic factors (factor [F]VII, FVIII, von Willebrand factor [VWF], FXI, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and tissue plasminogen activator), we performed …


Play Is A Way Of Life: Play-Based Program For Parents Of Young Children (Ages Two To Five Years Old), Lauren Purdom, Angela Labrie Blackwell, Amanda Perdue Owen Apr 2024

Play Is A Way Of Life: Play-Based Program For Parents Of Young Children (Ages Two To Five Years Old), Lauren Purdom, Angela Labrie Blackwell, Amanda Perdue Owen

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

This play-based program was created for parents of young children (ages two to five years old) and is accessible through a website called "Play is a Way of Life". Within this program it includes, educational material on the differences between active and passive play and recommendations for each type of play that children in this age group should participate in each day. It also includes a 6-week program with a variety of active play activities that target specific skills that children (ages two to five years old) should participate in for their overall development.


Self-Regulation And Sensory Processing Education Program For Educators, Julianne Mendivil, Tina G. Bhakta, Angela Blackwell Apr 2024

Self-Regulation And Sensory Processing Education Program For Educators, Julianne Mendivil, Tina G. Bhakta, Angela Blackwell

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Children with low self-regulation skills may face many challenges in the classroom environment that can impact their performance in school-based activities. As teachers play a vital role in the development of young children, this educational program aims to improve teacher competence (knowledge, skills, and attitudes) in applying sensory processing and self-regulating concepts to the school environment.


Prevotella Copri And Microbiota Members Mediate The Beneficial Effects Of A Therapeutic Food For Malnutrition, Hao-Wei Chang, Evan M Lee, Yi Wang, Cyrus Zhou, Kali M Pruss, Suzanne Henrissat, Robert Y Chen, Clara Kao, Matthew C Hibberd, Hannah M Lynn, Daniel M Webber, Marie Crane, Jiye Cheng, Ye Chen, Jeffrey I Gordon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Prevotella Copri And Microbiota Members Mediate The Beneficial Effects Of A Therapeutic Food For Malnutrition, Hao-Wei Chang, Evan M Lee, Yi Wang, Cyrus Zhou, Kali M Pruss, Suzanne Henrissat, Robert Y Chen, Clara Kao, Matthew C Hibberd, Hannah M Lynn, Daniel M Webber, Marie Crane, Jiye Cheng, Ye Chen, Jeffrey I Gordon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Microbiota-directed complementary food (MDCF) formulations have been designed to repair the gut communities of malnourished children. A randomized controlled trial demonstrated that one formulation, MDCF-2, improved weight gain in malnourished Bangladeshi children compared to a more calorically dense standard nutritional intervention. Metagenome-assembled genomes from study participants revealed a correlation between ponderal growth and expression of MDCF-2 glycan utilization pathways by Prevotella copri strains. To test this correlation, here we use gnotobiotic mice colonized with defined consortia of age- and ponderal growth-associated gut bacterial strains, with or without P. copri isolates closely matching the metagenome-assembled genomes. Combining gut metagenomics and metatranscriptomics …


Severity Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vs Covid-19 And Influenza Among Hospitalized Us Adults, Diya Surie, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Severity Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vs Covid-19 And Influenza Among Hospitalized Us Adults, Diya Surie, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: On June 21, 2023, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines for adults aged 60 years and older using shared clinical decision-making. Understanding the severity of RSV disease in adults can help guide this clinical decision-making.

OBJECTIVE: To describe disease severity among adults hospitalized with RSV and compare it with the severity of COVID-19 and influenza disease by vaccination status.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cohort study, adults aged 18 years and older admitted to the hospital with acute respiratory illness and laboratory-confirmed RSV, SARS-CoV-2, or influenza infection were prospectively …


Reliability And Validity Of Smartphone Cognitive Testing For Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Adam M Staffaroni, Nupur Ghoshal, Jason Hassenstab, Et Al. Apr 2024

Reliability And Validity Of Smartphone Cognitive Testing For Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Adam M Staffaroni, Nupur Ghoshal, Jason Hassenstab, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is relatively rare, behavioral and motor symptoms increase travel burden, and standard neuropsychological tests are not sensitive to early-stage disease. Remote smartphone-based cognitive assessments could mitigate these barriers to trial recruitment and success, but no such tools are validated for FTLD.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of smartphone-based cognitive measures for remote FTLD evaluations.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cohort study conducted from January 10, 2019, to July 31, 2023, controls and participants with FTLD performed smartphone application (app)-based executive functioning tasks and an associative memory task 3 times over 2 weeks. …


Influence Of Novel Cyp2c-Haplotype On Proton Pump Inhibitor Pharmacokinetics In Children., Kathyrn Kyler, Andrea Gaedigk, Susan Abdel-Rahman, Vincent S. Staggs, Robin E. Pearce, Paul C. Toren, J Steven Leeder, Valentina Shakhnovich Apr 2024

Influence Of Novel Cyp2c-Haplotype On Proton Pump Inhibitor Pharmacokinetics In Children., Kathyrn Kyler, Andrea Gaedigk, Susan Abdel-Rahman, Vincent S. Staggs, Robin E. Pearce, Paul C. Toren, J Steven Leeder, Valentina Shakhnovich

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

In this brief report, we provide an analysis of the influence of a novel CYP2C haplotype (CYP2C:TG) on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) pharmacokinetics (PK) in children. The CYP2C:TG haplotype has been proposed to be associated with increased CYP2C19 activity. We sought to determine if this CYP2C:TG haplotype resulted in similar alterations in metabolism for proton pump inhibitors, which are primarily metabolized by CYP2C19. In a cohort of 41 children aged 6-21 participating in a PPI pharmacokinetic study, effects of the CYP2C:TG allele were assessed by fitting two linear regression models for each of the six PK outcomes assessed, the second …


Sensitive Mrd Detection From Lymphatic Fluid After Surgery In Hpv-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer, Noah Earland, Nicholas P Semenkovich, Ricardo J Ramirez, Peter K Harris, Andrew I Hearn, Matthew Inkman, Jeffrey J Szymanski, Benjamin M Wahle, Kevin Chen, Irfan Alahi, Gabris Ni, Andrew Chen, Jin Zhang, Aadel A Chaudhuri, Et Al. Apr 2024

Sensitive Mrd Detection From Lymphatic Fluid After Surgery In Hpv-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer, Noah Earland, Nicholas P Semenkovich, Ricardo J Ramirez, Peter K Harris, Andrew I Hearn, Matthew Inkman, Jeffrey J Szymanski, Benjamin M Wahle, Kevin Chen, Irfan Alahi, Gabris Ni, Andrew Chen, Jin Zhang, Aadel A Chaudhuri, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Our goal was to demonstrate that lymphatic drainage fluid (lymph) has improved sensitivity in quantifying postoperative minimal residual disease (MRD) in locally advanced human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) compared with plasma, and leverage this novel biofluid for patient risk stratification.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We prospectively collected lymph samples from neck drains of 106 patients with HPV (+) OPSCC, along with 67 matched plasma samples, 24 hours after surgery. PCR and next-generation sequencing were used to quantify cancer-associated cell-free HPV (cf-HPV) and tumor-informed variants in lymph and plasma. Next, lymph cf-HPV and variants were compared with TNM stage, …


Role Of Mechanoregulation In Mast Cell-Mediated Immune Inflammation Of The Smooth Muscle In The Pathophysiology Of Esophageal Motility Disorders, Raj Goyal, Satish Rattan Apr 2024

Role Of Mechanoregulation In Mast Cell-Mediated Immune Inflammation Of The Smooth Muscle In The Pathophysiology Of Esophageal Motility Disorders, Raj Goyal, Satish Rattan

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Major esophageal disorders involve obstructive transport of bolus to the stomach, causing symptoms of dysphagia and impaired clearing of the refluxed gastric contents. These may occur due to mechanical constriction of the esophageal lumen or loss of relaxation associated with deglutitive inhibition, as in achalasia-like disorders. Recently, immune inflammation has been identified as an important cause of esophageal strictures and the loss of inhibitory neurotransmission. These disorders are also associated with smooth muscle hypertrophy and hypercontractility, whose cause is unknown. This review investigated immune inflammation in the causation of smooth muscle changes in obstructive esophageal bolus transport. Findings suggest that …


Delayed Onset Of Neonatal Compartment Syndrome Associated With Compound Fetal Presentation, Nicholas Manini, Hayato Unno Apr 2024

Delayed Onset Of Neonatal Compartment Syndrome Associated With Compound Fetal Presentation, Nicholas Manini, Hayato Unno

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Neonatal compartment syndrome, although rare, has a classic presentation with sentinel skin findings and development of swelling, erythema, and tenderness of the affected extremity. Neonatal compartment syndrome requires prompt surgical intervention to preserve the affected limb and ensure its normal growth and development. Our patient was born at term via vaginal delivery complicated by a compound presentation involving the left upper extremity. No physical exam abnormalities were noted at birth, but she developed signs of neonatal compartment syndrome by 15 h of life. She was surgically treated at 22 h of life and recovered well. At one year of age, …


Real World Clinical Experience Using Daily Intelligence-Assisted Online Adaptive Radiotherapy For Head And Neck Cancer, Philip Blumenfeld, Eduard Arbit, Robert Den, Ayman Salhab, Tal Falick Michaeli, Marc Wygoda, Yair Hillman, Raphael Pfeffer, Marcel Fang, Yael Misrati, Noam Weizman, Jon Feldman, Aron Popovtzer Mar 2024

Real World Clinical Experience Using Daily Intelligence-Assisted Online Adaptive Radiotherapy For Head And Neck Cancer, Philip Blumenfeld, Eduard Arbit, Robert Den, Ayman Salhab, Tal Falick Michaeli, Marc Wygoda, Yair Hillman, Raphael Pfeffer, Marcel Fang, Yael Misrati, Noam Weizman, Jon Feldman, Aron Popovtzer

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.