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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Direct Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty In Open Angle Glaucoma Study Design: A Multicentre, Randomised, Controlled, Investigator-Masked Trial (Glaurious), Nathan Congdon, Augusto Azuara-Blanco, Yoram Solberg, Carlo E Traverso, Michele Iester, Carlo Alberto Cutolo, Alessandro Bagnis, Tin Aung, Scott J Fudemberg, Richard Lindstrom, Thomas Samuelson, Kuldev Singh, Eytan Z Blumenthal, Gus Gazzard, Glaurious Study Group Jan 2023

Direct Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty In Open Angle Glaucoma Study Design: A Multicentre, Randomised, Controlled, Investigator-Masked Trial (Glaurious), Nathan Congdon, Augusto Azuara-Blanco, Yoram Solberg, Carlo E Traverso, Michele Iester, Carlo Alberto Cutolo, Alessandro Bagnis, Tin Aung, Scott J Fudemberg, Richard Lindstrom, Thomas Samuelson, Kuldev Singh, Eytan Z Blumenthal, Gus Gazzard, Glaurious Study Group

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Introduction: Laser trabeculoplasty is an effective and widely used treatment for glaucoma. A new laser technology, the Eagle direct selective laser trabeculoplasty (DSLT) device, may provide automated, fast, simple, safe and effective laser treatment for glaucoma in a broader range of clinical settings. This trial aims to test the hypothesis that translimbal DSLT is effective and not inferior to selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) in reducing intraocular pressure (IOP) in open angle glaucoma (OAG).

Methods and analysis: This is a multicentre, randomised, controlled, investigator-masked study. The primary efficacy outcome is intergroup difference in mean change from baseline IOP measured at 6 …


Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff Jan 2023

Nutritional Management Of The Infant With Chronic Kidney Disease Stages 2-5 And On Dialysis., Vanessa Shaw, Caroline Anderson, An Desloovere, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Christina L. Nelms, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Stella Stabouli, Jetta Tuokkola, Johan Vande Walle, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The nutritional management of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is of prime importance in meeting the challenge of maintaining normal growth and development in this population. The objective of this review is to integrate the Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce clinical practice recommendations for children with CKD stages 2-5 and on dialysis, as they relate to the infant from full term birth up to 1 year of age, for healthcare professionals, including dietitians, physicians, and nurses. It addresses nutritional assessment, energy and protein requirements, delivery of the nutritional prescription, and necessary dietary modifications in the case of abnormal serum levels …


Testing For Homologous Recombination Repair Or Homologous Recombination Deficiency For Poly (Adp-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors: A Current Perspective, Thomas J Herzog, Ignace Vergote, Leonard G Gomella, Tsveta Milenkova, Tim French, Raffi Tonikian, Christian Poehlein, Maha Hussain Jan 2023

Testing For Homologous Recombination Repair Or Homologous Recombination Deficiency For Poly (Adp-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors: A Current Perspective, Thomas J Herzog, Ignace Vergote, Leonard G Gomella, Tsveta Milenkova, Tim French, Raffi Tonikian, Christian Poehlein, Maha Hussain

Department of Urology Faculty Papers

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors (PARPis) have demonstrated clinical activity in patients with BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutated breast, ovarian, prostate, and pancreatic cancers. Notably, BRCA mutations are associated with defects in the homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway. This homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) phenotype can also be observed as genomic instability in tumour cells. Accordingly, PARPi sensitivity has been observed in various tumours with HRD, independent of BRCA mutations. Currently, four PARPis are approved by regulatory agencies for the treatment of cancer across multiple tumour types. Most indications are specific to tumours with a confirmed BRCA mutation, mutations in other HRR-related genes, …


Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan Jan 2023

Feasibility Of And Experience Using A Portable Mri Scanner In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit., Maura Sien, Amie L. Robinson, Houchun H. Hu, Christopher R. Nitkin, Ara Hall, Marcie G. Files, Nathan S. Artz, John T. Pitts, Sherwin S. Chan

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: A portable, low-field MRI system is now Food and Drug Administration cleared and has been shown to be safe and useful in adult intensive care unit settings. No neonatal studies have been performed. The objective is to assess our preliminary experience and assess feasibility of using the portable MRI system at the bedside in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a quaternary children's hospital.

STUDY DESIGN: This was a single-site prospective cohort study in neonates ≥2 kg conducted between October and December 2020. All parents provided informed consent. Neonates underwent portable MRI examination in the NICU with support …


The Mutational Landscape In Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia And Its Impact On Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Outcomes: A Center For Blood And Marrow Transplantation Research (Cibmtr) Analysis, Matthew Mei, Raju Pillai, Soyoung Kim, Noel Estrada-Merly, Michelle Afkhami, Lixin Yang, Zhuo Meng, Muhammad Bilal Abid, Mahmoud Aljurf, Ulrike Bacher, Amer Beitinjaneh, Christopher Bredeson, Jean-Yves Cahn, Jan Cerny, Edward Copelan, Corey Cutler, Zachariah Defilipp, Miguel Angel Diaz Perez, Nosha Farhadfar, César O Freytes, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Siddhartha Ganguly, Robert Peter Gale, Usama Gergis, Michael R Grunwald, Betty K Hamilton, Shahrukh Hashmi, Gerhard C Hildebrandt, Hillard M Lazarus, Mark Litzow, Reinhold Munker, Hemant S Murthy, Sunita Nathan, Taiga Nishihori, Sagar S Patel, David Rizzieri, Sachiko Seo, Mithun Vinod Shah, Melhem Solh, Leo F Verdonck, Ravi Vij, Ronald M Sobecks, Betul Oran, Bart L Scott, Wael Saber, Ryotaro Nakamura Jan 2023

The Mutational Landscape In Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia And Its Impact On Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Outcomes: A Center For Blood And Marrow Transplantation Research (Cibmtr) Analysis, Matthew Mei, Raju Pillai, Soyoung Kim, Noel Estrada-Merly, Michelle Afkhami, Lixin Yang, Zhuo Meng, Muhammad Bilal Abid, Mahmoud Aljurf, Ulrike Bacher, Amer Beitinjaneh, Christopher Bredeson, Jean-Yves Cahn, Jan Cerny, Edward Copelan, Corey Cutler, Zachariah Defilipp, Miguel Angel Diaz Perez, Nosha Farhadfar, César O Freytes, Shahinaz M Gadalla, Siddhartha Ganguly, Robert Peter Gale, Usama Gergis, Michael R Grunwald, Betty K Hamilton, Shahrukh Hashmi, Gerhard C Hildebrandt, Hillard M Lazarus, Mark Litzow, Reinhold Munker, Hemant S Murthy, Sunita Nathan, Taiga Nishihori, Sagar S Patel, David Rizzieri, Sachiko Seo, Mithun Vinod Shah, Melhem Solh, Leo F Verdonck, Ravi Vij, Ronald M Sobecks, Betul Oran, Bart L Scott, Wael Saber, Ryotaro Nakamura

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Somatic mutations are recognized as an important prognostic factor in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). However, limited data are available regarding their impact on outcomes after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). In this registry analysis conducted in collaboration with the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplantation Registry database/sample repository, we identified 313 adult patients with CMML (median age: 64 years, range, 28- 77) who underwent allogeneic HCT during 2001-2017 and had an available biospecimen in the form of a peripheral blood sample obtained prior to the start of conditioning. In multivariate analysis, a CMML-specific prognostic scoring system (CPSS) score of …


Microrna-1 Attenuates The Growth And Metastasis Of Small Cell Lung Cancer Through Cxcr4/Foxm1/Rrm2 Axis, Parvez Khan, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Prakash Kshirsagar Dr., Ramakanth Chirravuri Venkata, Shailendra K. Maurya, Tamara Mirzapoiazova, Naveenkumar Perumal, Sanjib Chaudhary, Ranjana K. Kanchan, Mahek Fatima, Md Arafat Khan, Asad Ur Rehman, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Sidharth Mahapatra, Geoffrey A. Talmon, Prakash Kulkarni, Apar Kishor Ganti, Maneesh Jain, Ravi Salgia, Surinder K. Batra, Mohd W. Nasser Jan 2023

Microrna-1 Attenuates The Growth And Metastasis Of Small Cell Lung Cancer Through Cxcr4/Foxm1/Rrm2 Axis, Parvez Khan, Jawed A. Siddiqui, Prakash Kshirsagar Dr., Ramakanth Chirravuri Venkata, Shailendra K. Maurya, Tamara Mirzapoiazova, Naveenkumar Perumal, Sanjib Chaudhary, Ranjana K. Kanchan, Mahek Fatima, Md Arafat Khan, Asad Ur Rehman, Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Sidharth Mahapatra, Geoffrey A. Talmon, Prakash Kulkarni, Apar Kishor Ganti, Maneesh Jain, Ravi Salgia, Surinder K. Batra, Mohd W. Nasser

Journal Articles: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

BACKGROUND: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive lung cancer subtype that is associated with high recurrence and poor prognosis. Due to lack of potential drug targets, SCLC patients have few therapeutic options. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) provide an interesting repertoire of therapeutic molecules; however, the identification of miRNAs regulating SCLC growth and metastasis and their precise regulatory mechanisms are not well understood.

METHODS: To identify novel miRNAs regulating SCLC, we performed miRNA-sequencing from donor/patient serum samples and analyzed the bulk RNA-sequencing data from the tumors of SCLC patients. Further, we developed a nanotechnology-based, highly sensitive method to detect microRNA-1 (miR-1, …


Vitamin D3 Supplementation At 5000 Iu Daily For The Prevention Of Influenza-Like Illness In Healthcare Workers: A Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trial., Noud Van Helmond, Tracy L Brobyn, Patrick J Lariccia, Teresa Cafaro, Krystal Hunter, Satyajeet Roy, Brigid Bandomer, Kevin Q Ng, Helen Goldstein, Ludmil V Mitrev, Alan Tsai, Denise Thwing, Mary Ann Maag, Myung K Chung Dec 2022

Vitamin D3 Supplementation At 5000 Iu Daily For The Prevention Of Influenza-Like Illness In Healthcare Workers: A Pragmatic Randomized Clinical Trial., Noud Van Helmond, Tracy L Brobyn, Patrick J Lariccia, Teresa Cafaro, Krystal Hunter, Satyajeet Roy, Brigid Bandomer, Kevin Q Ng, Helen Goldstein, Ludmil V Mitrev, Alan Tsai, Denise Thwing, Mary Ann Maag, Myung K Chung

Cooper Medical School of Rowan University Faculty Scholarship

Vitamin D supplementation has been shown to reduce the incidence of acute respiratory infections in populations at risk. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the importance of preventing viral infections in healthcare workers. The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that vitamin D3 supplementation at 5000 IU daily reduces influenza-like illness (ILI), including COVID-19, in healthcare workers. We conducted a prospective, controlled trial at a tertiary university hospital. A random group of healthcare workers was invited to receive 5000 IU daily vitamin D3 supplementation for nine months, while other random healthcare system workers served as controls. All healthcare …


In Silico Activity And Admet Profiling Of Phytochemicals From Ethiopian Indigenous Aloes Using Pharmacophore Models, Lemessa Etana Bultum, Gemechu Bekele Tolossa, Gwangmin Kim, Ohhyeon Kwon, Doheon Lee Dec 2022

In Silico Activity And Admet Profiling Of Phytochemicals From Ethiopian Indigenous Aloes Using Pharmacophore Models, Lemessa Etana Bultum, Gemechu Bekele Tolossa, Gwangmin Kim, Ohhyeon Kwon, Doheon Lee

2020-Current year OA Pubs

In silico profiling is used in identification of active compounds and guide rational use of traditional medicines. Previous studies on Ethiopian indigenous aloes focused on documentation of phytochemical compositions and traditional uses. In this study, ADMET and drug-likeness properties of phytochemicals from Ethiopian indigenous aloes were evaluated, and pharmacophore-based profiling was done using Discovery Studio to predict therapeutic targets. The targets were examined using KEGG pathway, gene ontology and network analysis. Using random-walk with restart algorithm, network propagation was performed in CODA network to find diseases associated with the targets. As a result, 82 human targets were predicted and found …


Registry-Based Cohort Study Of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Prevalence, Incidence And Mortality In Denmark 2000-2018, John Acquavella, Emese Vágó, Henrik Toft Sorensen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Gregory P. Hess Dec 2022

Registry-Based Cohort Study Of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency Prevalence, Incidence And Mortality In Denmark 2000-2018, John Acquavella, Emese Vágó, Henrik Toft Sorensen, Erzsébet Horváth-Puhó, Gregory P. Hess

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of diagnosed alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (dAATD) in Denmark as of 31 December 2018, and dAATD incidence and mortality from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2018.

STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We used the Danish National Patient Registry to identify patients with dAATD based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) code E88.0A and the Danish Civil Registration System (CRS) for population counts and vital status. We estimated dAATD prevalence, incidence and mortality. We compared mortality among patients with dAATD and an age-matched and sex-matched cohort extracted from the Danish CRS. We conducted a …


Aptamer Proteomics Of Serum Exosomes From Patients With Primary Raynaud's And Patients With Raynaud's At Risk Of Evolving Into Systemic Sclerosis, Sonsoles Piera-Velazquez, Simon T. Dillon, Xuesong Gu, Towia A. Libermann, Sergio A. Jimenez Dec 2022

Aptamer Proteomics Of Serum Exosomes From Patients With Primary Raynaud's And Patients With Raynaud's At Risk Of Evolving Into Systemic Sclerosis, Sonsoles Piera-Velazquez, Simon T. Dillon, Xuesong Gu, Towia A. Libermann, Sergio A. Jimenez

Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: A major unmet need for Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) clinical management is the lack of biomarkers for the early diagnosis of patients with Raynaud's Phenomenon at high risk of evolving into SSc.

OBJECTIVE: To identify proteins contained within serum exosomes employing an aptamer proteomic analysis that may serve to reveal patients with Raynaud's Phenomenon at risk of developing SSc.

METHODS: Exosomes were isolated from serum samples from patients with Primary Raynaud's Phenomenon and from patients with Raynaud's Phenomenon harbouring serum antinuclear antibodies (ANA) who may be at high risk of evolving into SSc. The expression of 1,305 proteins was quantified …


Expanded Proteomic Survey Of The Human Parasite Leishmania Major Focusing On Changes In Null Mutants Of The Golgi Gdp-Mannose/Fucose/Arabinopyranose Transporter, Gloria Polanco, Nichollas E Scott, Lon F Lye, Stephen M Beverley Dec 2022

Expanded Proteomic Survey Of The Human Parasite Leishmania Major Focusing On Changes In Null Mutants Of The Golgi Gdp-Mannose/Fucose/Arabinopyranose Transporter, Gloria Polanco, Nichollas E Scott, Lon F Lye, Stephen M Beverley

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The trypanosomatid protozoan parasite


Antibodies Targeting The Neuraminidase Active Site Inhibit Influenza H3n2 Viruses With An S245n Glycosylation Site, Daniel Stadlbauer, Ali H Ellebedy, Et Al. Dec 2022

Antibodies Targeting The Neuraminidase Active Site Inhibit Influenza H3n2 Viruses With An S245n Glycosylation Site, Daniel Stadlbauer, Ali H Ellebedy, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Contemporary influenza A H3N2 viruses circulating since 2016 have acquired a glycosylation site in the neuraminidase in close proximity to the enzymatic active site. Here, we investigate if this S245N glycosylation site, as a result of antigenic evolution, can impact binding and function of human monoclonal antibodies that target the conserved active site. While we find that a reduction in the inhibitory ability of neuraminidase active site binders is measurable, this class of broadly reactive monoclonal antibodies maintains protective efficacy in vivo.


Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group Dec 2022

Community Engagement For Birth Preparedness And Complication Readiness In The Community Level Interventions For Pre-Eclampsia (Clip) Trial In India: A Mixed-Method Evaluation, Avinash Kavi, Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella, Umesh Y Ramadurg, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali M Katageri, Chandrashekhar C Karadiguddi, Narayan V Honnungar, Shashidhar G Bannale, Geetanjali I Mungarwadi, Jeffrey N Bone, Marianne Vidler, Laura Magee, Ashalata Mallapur, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Richard Derman, Peter Von Dadelszen, The Clip India Working Group

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objective: To describe the process of community engagement (CE) in northern Karnataka, India and its impact on pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness and complication readiness, pregnancy-related care seeking and maternal morbidity.

Design: This study was a secondary analysis of a cluster randomised trial of Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP). A total of 12 clusters based on primary health centre catchment areas were randomised to intervention or control. CE was conducted in intervention clusters. CE attendance was summarised according to participant group using both quantitative and qualitative assessment. Pre-eclampsia knowledge, birth preparedness, health services engagement and perinatal outcomes was evaluated within …


Covid-19 Induces Cns Cytokine Expression And Loss Of Hippocampal Neurogenesis, Allison L Soung, Abigail Vanderheiden, Xiaoping Jiang, Traci Bricker, Adrianus C M Boon, Robyn S Klein, Et Al. Dec 2022

Covid-19 Induces Cns Cytokine Expression And Loss Of Hippocampal Neurogenesis, Allison L Soung, Abigail Vanderheiden, Xiaoping Jiang, Traci Bricker, Adrianus C M Boon, Robyn S Klein, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is associated with acute and postacute cognitive and neuropsychiatric symptoms including impaired memory, concentration, attention, sleep and affect. Mechanisms underlying these brain symptoms remain understudied. Here we report that SARS-CoV-2-infected hamsters exhibit a lack of viral neuroinvasion despite aberrant blood-brain barrier permeability. Hamsters and patients deceased from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) also exhibit microglial activation and expression of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-6, especially within the hippocampus and the medulla oblongata, when compared with non-COVID control hamsters and humans who died from other infections, cardiovascular disease, uraemia or trauma. In the …


Human Nk Cells Confer Protection Against Hiv-1 Infection In Humanized Mice, Can M. Sungur, Qiankun Wang, Ayşe N. Ozantürk, Hongbo Gao, Aaron J. Schmitz, Marina Cella, Wayne M. Yokoyama, Liang Shan Dec 2022

Human Nk Cells Confer Protection Against Hiv-1 Infection In Humanized Mice, Can M. Sungur, Qiankun Wang, Ayşe N. Ozantürk, Hongbo Gao, Aaron J. Schmitz, Marina Cella, Wayne M. Yokoyama, Liang Shan

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The role of NK cells against HIV-1 infections remains to be elucidated in vivo. While humanized mouse models potentially could be used to directly evaluate human NK cell responses during HIV-1 infection, improved functional development of human NK cells in these hosts is needed. Here, we report the humanized MISTRG-6-15 mouse model, in which NK cells were quick to expand and exhibit degranulation, cytotoxicity, and proinflammatory cytokine production in nonlymphoid organs upon HIV-1 infection but had reduced functionality in lymphoid organs. Although HIV-1 infection induced functional impairment of NK cells, antiretroviral therapy reinvigorated NK cells in response to HIV-1 rebound …


Tissue Registration And Exploration User Interfaces In Support Of A Human Reference Atlas, Katy Börner, Andreas Bueckle, Bruce W Herr 2nd, Leonard E Cross, Ellen M Quardokus, Elizabeth G Record, Yingnan Ju, Jonathan C Silverstein, Kristen M Browne, Sanjay Jain, Clive H Wasserfall, Marda L Jorgensen, Jeffrey M Spraggins, N Heath Patterson, Griffin M Weber Dec 2022

Tissue Registration And Exploration User Interfaces In Support Of A Human Reference Atlas, Katy Börner, Andreas Bueckle, Bruce W Herr 2nd, Leonard E Cross, Ellen M Quardokus, Elizabeth G Record, Yingnan Ju, Jonathan C Silverstein, Kristen M Browne, Sanjay Jain, Clive H Wasserfall, Marda L Jorgensen, Jeffrey M Spraggins, N Heath Patterson, Griffin M Weber

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Seventeen international consortia are collaborating on a human reference atlas (HRA), a comprehensive, high-resolution, three-dimensional atlas of all the cells in the healthy human body. Laboratories around the world are collecting tissue specimens from donors varying in sex, age, ethnicity, and body mass index. However, harmonizing tissue data across 25 organs and more than 15 bulk and spatial single-cell assay types poses challenges. Here, we present software tools and user interfaces developed to spatially and semantically annotate ("register") and explore the tissue data and the evolving HRA. A key part of these tools is a common coordinate framework, providing standard …


The Subcortical And Neurochemical Organization Of The Ventral And Dorsal Attention Networks, Pedro Nascimento Alves, Stephanie J Forkel, Maurizio Corbetta, Michel Thiebaut De Schotten Dec 2022

The Subcortical And Neurochemical Organization Of The Ventral And Dorsal Attention Networks, Pedro Nascimento Alves, Stephanie J Forkel, Maurizio Corbetta, Michel Thiebaut De Schotten

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Attention is a core cognitive function that filters and selects behaviourally relevant information in the environment. The cortical mapping of attentional systems identified two segregated networks that mediate stimulus-driven and goal-driven processes, the Ventral and the Dorsal Attention Networks (VAN, DAN). Deep brain electrophysiological recordings, behavioral data from phylogenetic distant species, and observations from human brain pathologies challenge purely corticocentric models. Here, we used advanced methods of functional alignment applied to resting-state functional connectivity analyses to map the subcortical architecture of the Ventral and Dorsal Attention Networks. Our investigations revealed the involvement of the pulvinar, the superior colliculi, the head …


Genetic Diversity Fuels Gene Discovery For Tobacco And Alcohol Use, Gretchen R B Saunders, Charles C Gu, John P Rice, Nancy L Saccone, Laura J Bierut, Et Al. Dec 2022

Genetic Diversity Fuels Gene Discovery For Tobacco And Alcohol Use, Gretchen R B Saunders, Charles C Gu, John P Rice, Nancy L Saccone, Laura J Bierut, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Tobacco and alcohol use are heritable behaviours associated with 15% and 5.3% of worldwide deaths, respectively, due largely to broad increased risk for disease and injury


In Silico Identification Of A Β2-Adrenoceptor Allosteric Site That Selectively Augments Canonical Β2ar-Gs Signaling And Function, Sushrut D Shah, Christoffer Lind, Francesco De Pascali, Raymond B Penn, Alexander D Mackerell, Deepak A Deshpande Dec 2022

In Silico Identification Of A Β2-Adrenoceptor Allosteric Site That Selectively Augments Canonical Β2ar-Gs Signaling And Function, Sushrut D Shah, Christoffer Lind, Francesco De Pascali, Raymond B Penn, Alexander D Mackerell, Deepak A Deshpande

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Activation of β2-adrenoceptors (β2ARs) causes airway smooth muscle (ASM) relaxation and bronchodilation, and β2AR agonists (β-agonists) are front-line treatments for asthma and other obstructive lung diseases. However, the therapeutic efficacy of β-agonists is limited by agonist-induced β2AR desensitization and noncanonical β2AR signaling involving β-arrestin that is shown to promote asthma pathophysiology. Accordingly, we undertook the identification of an allosteric site on β2AR that could modulate the activity of β-agonists to overcome these limitations. We employed the site identification by ligand competitive saturation (SILCS) computational method to comprehensively map the entire 3D structure of in silico-generated β2AR intermediate conformations and identified …


Efficacy And Safety Of Pacritinib Vs Placebo For Patients With Severe Covid-19: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial, John Cafardi, Carole Miller, Howard Terebelo, Chad Tewell, Sadia Benzaquen, David Park, Pamela Egan, Daniel Lebovic, Kristen Pettit, Eric Whitman, Douglas Tremblay, Jonathan Feld, Sarah Buckley, Karisse Roman-Torres, Jennifer Smith, Adam Craig, John Mascarenhas Dec 2022

Efficacy And Safety Of Pacritinib Vs Placebo For Patients With Severe Covid-19: A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial, John Cafardi, Carole Miller, Howard Terebelo, Chad Tewell, Sadia Benzaquen, David Park, Pamela Egan, Daniel Lebovic, Kristen Pettit, Eric Whitman, Douglas Tremblay, Jonathan Feld, Sarah Buckley, Karisse Roman-Torres, Jennifer Smith, Adam Craig, John Mascarenhas

Einstein Health Papers

IMPORTANCE: The morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 remain high despite advances in standard of care therapy, and the role of anti-inflammatory agents that inhibit the interleukin 6/JAK2 pathway is still being elucidated.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the oral JAK2/IRAK1 inhibitor pacritinib vs placebo in the treatment of adults with severe COVID-19.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This phase 2, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial enrolled hospitalized adult patients with severe COVID-19 at 21 centers across the US between June 2020 and February 2021, with approximately 1.5 months of safety follow-up per patient. Data analysis was performed …


Federated Learning Enables Big Data For Rare Cancer Boundary Detection, Sarthak Pati, Ujjwal Baid, Brandon Edwards, Micah Sheller, Shih-Han Wang, G. Anthony Reina, Patrick Foley, Alexey Gruzdev, Deepthi Karkada, Christos Davatzikos, Chiharu Sako, Satyam Ghodasara, Michel Bilello, Suyash Mohan, Philipp Vollmuth, Gianluca Brugnara, Chandrakanth J. Preetha, Felix Sahm, Klaus Maier-Hein, Maximilian Zenk, Martin Bendszus, Wolfgang Wick, Evan Calabrese, Jeffrey Rudie, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Soonmee Cha, Madhura Ingalhalikar, Manali Jadhav, Umang Pandey, Jitender Saini, John Garrett, Matthew Larson, Robert Jeraj, Stuart Currie, Russell Frood, Kavi Fatania, Raymond Y. Huang, Ken Chang, Carmen Balaña Quintero, Jaume Capellades, Josep Puig, Johannes Trenkler, Josef Pichler, Georg Necker, Andreas Haunschmidt, Stephan Meckel, Gaurav Shukla, Spencer Liem, Gregory S Alexander, Joseph Lombardo, Joshua D. Palmer, Adam E. Flanders, Adam P. Dicker, Haris I. Sair, Craig K. Jones, Archana Venkataraman, Meirui Jiang, Tiffany Y. So, Cheng Chen, Pheng Ann Heng, Qi Dou, Michal Kozubek, Filip Lux, Jan Michálek, Petr Matula, Miloš Keřkovský, Tereza Kopřivová, Marek Dostál, Václav Vybíhal, Michael A. Vogelbaum, J. Ross Mitchell, Joaquim Farinhas, Joseph A. Maldjian, Chandan Ganesh Bangalore Yogananda, Marco C. Pinho, Divya Reddy, James Holcomb, Benjamin C. Wagner, Benjamin M. Ellingson, Timothy F. Cloughesy, Catalina Raymond, Talia Oughourlian, Akifumi Hagiwara, Chencai Wang, Minh-Son To, Sargam Bhardwaj, Chee Chong, Marc Agzarian, Alexandre Xavier Falcão, Samuel B. Martins, Bernardo C. A. Teixeira, Flávia Sprenger, David Menotti, Diego R. Lucio, Pamela Lamontagne, Daniel Marcus, Benedikt Wiestler, Florian Kofler, Ivan Ezhov, Marie Metz, Rajan Jain, Matthew Lee, Yvonne W. Lui, Richard Mckinley, Johannes Slotboom, Piotr Radojewski, Raphael Meier, Roland Wiest, Derrick Murcia, Eric Fu, Rourke Haas, John Thompson, David Ryan Ormond, Chaitra Badve, Andrew E. Sloan, Vachan Vadmal, Kristin Waite, Rivka R. Colen, Linmin Pei, Murat Ak, Ashok Srinivasan, J. Rajiv Bapuraj, Arvind Rao, Nicholas Wang, Ota Yoshiaki, Toshio Moritani, Sevcan Turk, Joonsang Lee, Snehal Prabhudesai, Fanny Morón, Jacob Mandel, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Ben Glocker, Luke V. M. Dixon, Matthew Williams, Peter Zampakis, Vasileios Panagiotopoulos, Panagiotis Tsiganos, Sotiris Alexiou, Ilias Haliassos, Evangelia I Zacharaki, Konstantinos Moustakas, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Dimitrios M. Kardamakis, Yoon Seong Choi, Seung-Koo Lee, Jong Hee Chang, Sung Soo Ahn, Bing Luo, Laila Poisson, Ning Wen, Pallavi Tiwari, Ruchika Verma, Rohan Bareja, Ipsa Yadav, Jonathan Chen, Neeraj Kumar, Marion Smits, Sebastian R. Van Der Voort, Ahmed Alafandi, Fatih Incekara, Maarten M. J. Wijnenga, Georgios Kapsas, Renske Gahrmann, Joost W Schouten, Hendrikus J. Dubbink, Arnaud J. P. E. Vincent, Martin J. Van Den Bent, Pim J. French, Stefan Klein, Yading Yuan, Sonam Sharma, Tzu-Chi Tseng, Saba Adabi, Simone P. Niclou, Olivier Keunen, Ann-Christin Hau, Martin Vallières, David Fortin, Martin Lepage, Bennett Landman, Karthik Ramadass, Kaiwen Xu, Silky Chotai, Lola B. Chambless, Akshitkumar Mistry, Reid C. Thompson, Yuriy Gusev, Krithika Bhuvaneshwar, Anousheh Sayah, Camelia Bencheqroun, Anas Belouali, Subha Madhavan, Thomas C. Booth, Alysha Chelliah, Marc Modat, Haris Shuaib, Carmen Dragos, Aly Abayazeed, Kenneth Kolodziej, Michael Hill, Ahmed Abbassy, Shady Gamal, Mahmoud Mekhaimar, Mohamed Qayati, Mauricio Reyes, Ji Eun Park, Jihye Yun, Ho Sung Kim, Abhishek Mahajan, Mark Muzi, Sean Benson, Regina G. H. Beets-Tan, Jonas Teuwen, Alejandro Herrera-Trujillo, Maria Trujillo, William Escobar, Ana Abello, Jose Bernal, Jhon Gómez, Joseph Choi, Stephen Baek, Yusung Kim, Heba Ismael, Bryan Allen, John M. Buatti, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Hongwei Li, Tobias Weiss, Michael Weller, Andrea Bink, Bertrand Pouymayou, Hassan F. Shaykh, Joel Saltz, Prateek Prasanna, Sampurna Shrestha, Kartik M. Mani, David Payne, Tahsin Kurc, Enrique Pelaez, Heydy Franco-Maldonado, Francis Loayza, Sebastian Quevedo, Pamela Guevara, Esteban Torche, Cristobal Mendoza, Franco Vera, Elvis Ríos, Eduardo López, Sergio A. Velastin, Godwin Ogbole, Mayowa Soneye, Dotun Oyekunle, Olubunmi Odafe-Oyibotha, Babatunde Osobu, Mustapha Shu'aibu, Adeleye Dorcas, Farouk Dako, Amber L. Simpson, Mohammad Hamghalam, Jacob J. Peoples, Ricky Hu, Anh Tran, Danielle Cutler, Fabio Y. Moraes, Michael A. Boss, James Gimpel, Deepak Kattil Veettil, Kendall Schmidt, Brian Bialecki, Sailaja Marella, Cynthia Price, Lisa Cimino, Charles Apgar, Prashant Shah, Bjoern Menze, Jill S. Barnholtz-Sloan, Jason Martin, Spyridon Bakas Dec 2022

Federated Learning Enables Big Data For Rare Cancer Boundary Detection, Sarthak Pati, Ujjwal Baid, Brandon Edwards, Micah Sheller, Shih-Han Wang, G. Anthony Reina, Patrick Foley, Alexey Gruzdev, Deepthi Karkada, Christos Davatzikos, Chiharu Sako, Satyam Ghodasara, Michel Bilello, Suyash Mohan, Philipp Vollmuth, Gianluca Brugnara, Chandrakanth J. Preetha, Felix Sahm, Klaus Maier-Hein, Maximilian Zenk, Martin Bendszus, Wolfgang Wick, Evan Calabrese, Jeffrey Rudie, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Soonmee Cha, Madhura Ingalhalikar, Manali Jadhav, Umang Pandey, Jitender Saini, John Garrett, Matthew Larson, Robert Jeraj, Stuart Currie, Russell Frood, Kavi Fatania, Raymond Y. Huang, Ken Chang, Carmen Balaña Quintero, Jaume Capellades, Josep Puig, Johannes Trenkler, Josef Pichler, Georg Necker, Andreas Haunschmidt, Stephan Meckel, Gaurav Shukla, Spencer Liem, Gregory S Alexander, Joseph Lombardo, Joshua D. Palmer, Adam E. Flanders, Adam P. Dicker, Haris I. Sair, Craig K. Jones, Archana Venkataraman, Meirui Jiang, Tiffany Y. So, Cheng Chen, Pheng Ann Heng, Qi Dou, Michal Kozubek, Filip Lux, Jan Michálek, Petr Matula, Miloš Keřkovský, Tereza Kopřivová, Marek Dostál, Václav Vybíhal, Michael A. Vogelbaum, J. Ross Mitchell, Joaquim Farinhas, Joseph A. Maldjian, Chandan Ganesh Bangalore Yogananda, Marco C. Pinho, Divya Reddy, James Holcomb, Benjamin C. Wagner, Benjamin M. Ellingson, Timothy F. Cloughesy, Catalina Raymond, Talia Oughourlian, Akifumi Hagiwara, Chencai Wang, Minh-Son To, Sargam Bhardwaj, Chee Chong, Marc Agzarian, Alexandre Xavier Falcão, Samuel B. Martins, Bernardo C. A. Teixeira, Flávia Sprenger, David Menotti, Diego R. Lucio, Pamela Lamontagne, Daniel Marcus, Benedikt Wiestler, Florian Kofler, Ivan Ezhov, Marie Metz, Rajan Jain, Matthew Lee, Yvonne W. Lui, Richard Mckinley, Johannes Slotboom, Piotr Radojewski, Raphael Meier, Roland Wiest, Derrick Murcia, Eric Fu, Rourke Haas, John Thompson, David Ryan Ormond, Chaitra Badve, Andrew E. Sloan, Vachan Vadmal, Kristin Waite, Rivka R. Colen, Linmin Pei, Murat Ak, Ashok Srinivasan, J. Rajiv Bapuraj, Arvind Rao, Nicholas Wang, Ota Yoshiaki, Toshio Moritani, Sevcan Turk, Joonsang Lee, Snehal Prabhudesai, Fanny Morón, Jacob Mandel, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Ben Glocker, Luke V. M. Dixon, Matthew Williams, Peter Zampakis, Vasileios Panagiotopoulos, Panagiotis Tsiganos, Sotiris Alexiou, Ilias Haliassos, Evangelia I Zacharaki, Konstantinos Moustakas, Christina Kalogeropoulou, Dimitrios M. Kardamakis, Yoon Seong Choi, Seung-Koo Lee, Jong Hee Chang, Sung Soo Ahn, Bing Luo, Laila Poisson, Ning Wen, Pallavi Tiwari, Ruchika Verma, Rohan Bareja, Ipsa Yadav, Jonathan Chen, Neeraj Kumar, Marion Smits, Sebastian R. Van Der Voort, Ahmed Alafandi, Fatih Incekara, Maarten M. J. Wijnenga, Georgios Kapsas, Renske Gahrmann, Joost W Schouten, Hendrikus J. Dubbink, Arnaud J. P. E. Vincent, Martin J. Van Den Bent, Pim J. French, Stefan Klein, Yading Yuan, Sonam Sharma, Tzu-Chi Tseng, Saba Adabi, Simone P. Niclou, Olivier Keunen, Ann-Christin Hau, Martin Vallières, David Fortin, Martin Lepage, Bennett Landman, Karthik Ramadass, Kaiwen Xu, Silky Chotai, Lola B. Chambless, Akshitkumar Mistry, Reid C. Thompson, Yuriy Gusev, Krithika Bhuvaneshwar, Anousheh Sayah, Camelia Bencheqroun, Anas Belouali, Subha Madhavan, Thomas C. Booth, Alysha Chelliah, Marc Modat, Haris Shuaib, Carmen Dragos, Aly Abayazeed, Kenneth Kolodziej, Michael Hill, Ahmed Abbassy, Shady Gamal, Mahmoud Mekhaimar, Mohamed Qayati, Mauricio Reyes, Ji Eun Park, Jihye Yun, Ho Sung Kim, Abhishek Mahajan, Mark Muzi, Sean Benson, Regina G. H. Beets-Tan, Jonas Teuwen, Alejandro Herrera-Trujillo, Maria Trujillo, William Escobar, Ana Abello, Jose Bernal, Jhon Gómez, Joseph Choi, Stephen Baek, Yusung Kim, Heba Ismael, Bryan Allen, John M. Buatti, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Hongwei Li, Tobias Weiss, Michael Weller, Andrea Bink, Bertrand Pouymayou, Hassan F. Shaykh, Joel Saltz, Prateek Prasanna, Sampurna Shrestha, Kartik M. Mani, David Payne, Tahsin Kurc, Enrique Pelaez, Heydy Franco-Maldonado, Francis Loayza, Sebastian Quevedo, Pamela Guevara, Esteban Torche, Cristobal Mendoza, Franco Vera, Elvis Ríos, Eduardo López, Sergio A. Velastin, Godwin Ogbole, Mayowa Soneye, Dotun Oyekunle, Olubunmi Odafe-Oyibotha, Babatunde Osobu, Mustapha Shu'aibu, Adeleye Dorcas, Farouk Dako, Amber L. Simpson, Mohammad Hamghalam, Jacob J. Peoples, Ricky Hu, Anh Tran, Danielle Cutler, Fabio Y. Moraes, Michael A. Boss, James Gimpel, Deepak Kattil Veettil, Kendall Schmidt, Brian Bialecki, Sailaja Marella, Cynthia Price, Lisa Cimino, Charles Apgar, Prashant Shah, Bjoern Menze, Jill S. Barnholtz-Sloan, Jason Martin, Spyridon Bakas

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

Although machine learning (ML) has shown promise across disciplines, out-of-sample generalizability is concerning. This is currently addressed by sharing multi-site data, but such centralization is challenging/infeasible to scale due to various limitations. Federated ML (FL) provides an alternative paradigm for accurate and generalizable ML, by only sharing numerical model updates. Here we present the largest FL study to-date, involving data from 71 sites across 6 continents, to generate an automatic tumor boundary detector for the rare disease of glioblastoma, reporting the largest such dataset in the literature (n = 6, 314). We demonstrate a 33% delineation improvement for the surgically …


Complexity Of Progranulin Mechanisms Of Action In Mesothelioma, Elisa Ventura, Christopher Xie, Simone Buraschi, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Antonio Giordano, Andrea Morrione Dec 2022

Complexity Of Progranulin Mechanisms Of Action In Mesothelioma, Elisa Ventura, Christopher Xie, Simone Buraschi, Antonino Belfiore, Renato V. Iozzo, Antonio Giordano, Andrea Morrione

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Mesothelioma is an aggressive disease with limited therapeutic options. The growth factor progranulin plays a critical role in several cancer models, where it regulates tumor initiation and progression. Recent data from our laboratories have demonstrated that progranulin and its receptor, EphA2, constitute an oncogenic pathway in bladder cancer by promoting motility, invasion and in vivo tumor formation. Progranulin and EphA2 are expressed in mesothelioma cells but their mechanisms of action are not well defined. In addition, there are no data establishing whether the progranulin/EphA2 axis is tumorigenic for mesothelioma cells.

Methods: The expression of progranulin in various mesothelioma cell …


Impact Of International Travel And Diarrhea On Gut Microbiome And Resistome Dynamics, Manish Boolchandani, Kevin S Blake, Drake H Tilley, Miguel M Cabada, Drew J Schwartz, Sanket Patel, Maria Luisa Morales, Rina Meza, Giselle Soto, Sandra D Isidean, Chad K Porter, Mark P Simons, Gautam Dantas Dec 2022

Impact Of International Travel And Diarrhea On Gut Microbiome And Resistome Dynamics, Manish Boolchandani, Kevin S Blake, Drake H Tilley, Miguel M Cabada, Drew J Schwartz, Sanket Patel, Maria Luisa Morales, Rina Meza, Giselle Soto, Sandra D Isidean, Chad K Porter, Mark P Simons, Gautam Dantas

2020-Current year OA Pubs

International travel contributes to the global spread of antimicrobial resistance. Travelers' diarrhea exacerbates the risk of acquiring multidrug-resistant organisms and can lead to persistent gastrointestinal disturbance post-travel. However, little is known about the impact of diarrhea on travelers' gut microbiomes, and the dynamics of these changes throughout travel. Here, we assembled a cohort of 159 international students visiting the Andean city of Cusco, Peru and applied next-generation sequencing techniques to 718 longitudinally-collected stool samples. We find that gut microbiome composition changed significantly throughout travel, but taxonomic diversity remained stable. However, diarrhea disrupted this stability and resulted in an increased abundance …


The Lack Of Natural Igm Increases Susceptibility And Impairs Anti-Vi Polysaccharide Igg Responses In A Mouse Model Of Typhoid, Akhil S. Alugupalli, Matthew P. Cravens, Justin A. Walker, Dania Gulandijany, Gregory S. Dickinson, Genevieve Lewis, Gudrun F. Debes, Dieter M. Schifferli, Andreas J. Bäumler, Kishore R. Alugupalli Dec 2022

The Lack Of Natural Igm Increases Susceptibility And Impairs Anti-Vi Polysaccharide Igg Responses In A Mouse Model Of Typhoid, Akhil S. Alugupalli, Matthew P. Cravens, Justin A. Walker, Dania Gulandijany, Gregory S. Dickinson, Genevieve Lewis, Gudrun F. Debes, Dieter M. Schifferli, Andreas J. Bäumler, Kishore R. Alugupalli

Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers

Circulating IgM present in the body prior to any apparent Ag exposure is referred to as natural IgM. Natural IgM provides protective immunity against a variety of pathogens. Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi (S. Typhi) is the causative agent of typhoid fever in humans. Because mice are not permissive to S. Typhi infection, we employed a murine model of typhoid using S. enterica serovar Typhimurium expressing the Vi polysaccharide (ViPS) of S. Typhi (S. Typhimurium strain RC60) to evaluate the role of natural IgM in pathogenesis. We found that natural mouse IgM binds to S. Typhi and S. Typhimurium. The severity …


A Step-By-Step Guide For Mentors To Facilitate Team Building And Communication In Virtual Teams., Julia F. Aquino, Robert Riss, Sara M. Multerer, Leora N. Mogilner, Teri L. Turner Dec 2022

A Step-By-Step Guide For Mentors To Facilitate Team Building And Communication In Virtual Teams., Julia F. Aquino, Robert Riss, Sara M. Multerer, Leora N. Mogilner, Teri L. Turner

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

As collaborative work in medical education has increasingly moved online, team mentors have had to adapt their practices into the virtual environment. Fostering connection, communication and productivity on virtual teams requires specific skills and deliberate practice that differ from in-person teamwork. Drawing from best practices in business, education and medicine and also from our own experience as a virtual team, we present a guide for mentors to create and sustain successful virtual teams. Grounded in Tuckman's Five Stage Model of Team Development, we offer specific strategies for virtual team mentors to promote team cohesion, mitigate conflict, maintain productivity and leverage …


Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol Dec 2022

Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Long-term sequelae after symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection may impact well-being, yet existing data primarily focus on discrete symptoms and/or health care use.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patient-reported outcomes of physical, mental, and social well-being among adults with symptomatic illness who received a positive vs negative test result for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was a planned interim analysis of an ongoing multicenter prospective longitudinal registry study (the Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infections Registry [INSPIRE]). Participants were enrolled from December 11, 2020, to September 10, 2021, and comprised adults (aged ≥18 years) with acute symptoms suggestive …


Covid-19 Vaccine Equity: Codesigning Public Health Interventions With Community Partners, Eva Varotsis, Lauren Schlegel, B. H. Slovis, Patricia C. Henwood, Sandra E Brooks, Robert S. Pugliese, Bon Ku, Morgan Hutchinson Dec 2022

Covid-19 Vaccine Equity: Codesigning Public Health Interventions With Community Partners, Eva Varotsis, Lauren Schlegel, B. H. Slovis, Patricia C. Henwood, Sandra E Brooks, Robert S. Pugliese, Bon Ku, Morgan Hutchinson

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Heavy Metals As Risk Factors For Human Diseases - A Bayesian Network Approach, M Perrelli, R Wu, D J Liu, R G Lucchini, L Del Bosque-Plata, Michael Vergare, M P Akhter, J Ott, Claudia Gragnoli Dec 2022

Heavy Metals As Risk Factors For Human Diseases - A Bayesian Network Approach, M Perrelli, R Wu, D J Liu, R G Lucchini, L Del Bosque-Plata, Michael Vergare, M P Akhter, J Ott, Claudia Gragnoli

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases Faculty Papers

Modern industrial agricultural processes expose human beings to multifactorial environmental pollution including heightened levels of heavy metals. The effects of acute heavy metal exposures at toxic levels are usually known; they are tested for and treated promptly. The effects of low/moderate-level chronic heavy metal exposures are less known as they may be subclinical, and pathogenic effects may only manifest clinically over time under the disguise of a diagnosable disease or miscellaneous symptoms attributed to aging. Consequently, the health impact of low-moderate heavy metal exposure is unlikely to be identified. Furthermore, established heavy metal safety levels often fail to recognize the …


The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood Dec 2022

The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities In Research (Meteor) Program., Lisa Schwartz, Naomi Luban, Alison Hall, Diane Mcquail, Yolanda Haywood

Health Sciences Education Research

PROBLEM: Medical students from groups that are underrepresented in medicine are less likely to pursue careers that incorporate research as compared to their white peers. Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA)-funded institutions encouraged centers to establish short-term, mentored summer research opportunities to motivate students underrepresented in medicine to enroll in medical school and ideally choose a career that incorporates research into their clinical practice.

APPROACH: The Mentored Experience To Enhance Opportunities in Research (METEOR) Program was established in 2012 in partnership with the Clinical and Translational Science Institute at Children's National (CTSI-CN) and The George Washington University (GW) School of …


Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney Dec 2022

Clinical And Economic Evaluation Of A Proteomic Biomarker Preterm Birth Risk Predictor: Cost-Effectiveness Modeling Of Prenatal Interventions Applied To Predicted Higher-Risk Pregnancies Within A Large And Diverse Cohort, Julja Burchard, Glenn R Markenson, George R Saade, Louise C Laurent, Kent D Heyborne, Dean V Coonrod, Corina N Schoen, Jason K. Baxter, David M Haas, Sherri A Longo, Scott A Sullivan, Sarahn M Wheeler, Leonardo M Pereira, Kim A Boggess, Angela F Hawk, Amy H Crockett, Ryan Treacy, Angela C Fox, Ashoka D Polpitiya, Tracey C Fleischer, Thomas J Garite, J Jay Boniface, John A F Zupancic, Gregory C Critchfield, Paul E Kearney

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

Objectives: Preterm birth occurs in more than 10% of U.S. births and is the leading cause of U.S. neonatal deaths, with estimated annual costs exceeding $25 billion USD. Using real-world data, we modeled the potential clinical and economic utility of a prematurity-reduction program comprising screening in a racially and ethnically diverse population with a validated proteomic biomarker risk predictor, followed by case management with or without pharmacological treatment.

Methods: The ACCORDANT microsimulation model used individual patient data from a prespecified, randomly selected sub-cohort (N = 847) of a multicenter, observational study of U.S. subjects receiving standard obstetric care with …