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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Using Family Focused-Care Solutions To Improve Child’S Quality Of Life, Joshua M. Del Sol Jan 2023

Using Family Focused-Care Solutions To Improve Child’S Quality Of Life, Joshua M. Del Sol

Nursing | Senior Theses

Chronic illness in children impacts not only themselves but their families too. Everyone in the family supports each other and provides each other with pretty much all our physiological needs including our emotional needs. Parents/caregivers are the role models for their young children and really shape the person they become because basic values and their early relationships are formed. A family provides that consistent balance in our life that is the center of our life at a young age. When children are diagnosed with a chronic illness, parents may feel responsible, ashamed, guilty, or angry. Families may turn on each …


Visualization And Characterization Of The Immunological Synapse Between Chlorotoxin Chimeric Antigen (Cltx-Car) Redirected T Cells And Targeted Glioblastoma Tumors, Arianna Livi Jan 2023

Visualization And Characterization Of The Immunological Synapse Between Chlorotoxin Chimeric Antigen (Cltx-Car) Redirected T Cells And Targeted Glioblastoma Tumors, Arianna Livi

CMC Senior Theses

Chimeric Antigen Receptor T (CAR-T) cells have demonstrated anti-tumor activity against aggressive and invasive cancers such as glioblastoma (GBM); however, clinical response rates remain low in clinical trial studies. Tumor heterogeneity and tumor microenvironment conditions pose significant challenges for treatment of GBM, thus continuous optimization of CAR-T cell therapies and identification of novel, widely expressed, and highly specific GBM antigens are vital to better patient outcomes. A newly developed CAR-T cell construct incorporating chlorotoxin (CLTX) as the targeting domain exhibited broad GBM-targeting capabilities and elicited potent cytotoxic effects during preclinical studies and is currently being tested in a phase I …


Movement As Medicine: Dance/Movement Therapy For Individuals With Autism, Parkinson’S Disease, And Cancer, Alessia Zanobini Jan 2023

Movement As Medicine: Dance/Movement Therapy For Individuals With Autism, Parkinson’S Disease, And Cancer, Alessia Zanobini

CMC Senior Theses

Dance/movement therapy (D/MT) is the psychotherapeutic use of expressive, creative movement to support holistic well-being. D/MT views the human being as a single body-mind unit and movement as a manifestation of life experiences. While typically practiced as a mental health intervention, D/MT can be adapted for a variety of populations. This thesis evaluates scientific data for the non-traditional use of D/MT for three conditions: autism, Parkinson’s disease, and cancer. For individuals on the autism spectrum, D/MT can strengthen attunement skills, provide creative communication outlets, and relieve harmful physical manifestations of autism. For individuals with Parkinson’s disease, D/MT can simultaneously ease …


Pyrvinium Pamoate: Past, Present, And Future As An Anti-Cancer Drug, Christopher W Schultz, Avinoam Nevler Dec 2022

Pyrvinium Pamoate: Past, Present, And Future As An Anti-Cancer Drug, Christopher W Schultz, Avinoam Nevler

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Pyrvinium, a lipophilic cation belonging to the cyanine dye family, has been used in the clinic as a safe and effective anthelminthic for over 70 years. Its structure, similar to some polyaminopyrimidines and mitochondrial-targeting peptoids, has been linked with mitochondrial localization and targeting. Over the past two decades, increasing evidence has emerged showing pyrvinium to be a strong anti-cancer molecule in various human cancers in vitro and in vivo. This efficacy against cancers has been attributed to diverse mechanisms of action, with the weight of evidence supporting the inhibition of mitochondrial function, the WNT pathway, and cancer stem cell renewal. …


Indwelling Pleural Catheterization Maximizes Functionality And Quality Of Life In Management Of Recurrent Malignant Pleural Effusions, Avinash Ramkissoon Dec 2022

Indwelling Pleural Catheterization Maximizes Functionality And Quality Of Life In Management Of Recurrent Malignant Pleural Effusions, Avinash Ramkissoon

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Davies HE, Mishra EK, Kahan BC, et al. Effect of an indwelling pleural catheter vs chest tube and talc pleurodesis for relieving dyspnea in patients with malignant pleural effusion: The TIME2 randomized controlled trial. J Am Med Assoc. 2012;307(22):2383-2389. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2012.5535

for the management of recurrent malignant pleural effusions in a patient with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.


Prevalence Of Distress And Its Associated Factors Among Caregivers Of People Diagnosed With Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study, Deborah L. Kirk, Istvan Kabdebo, Lisa Whitehead Dec 2022

Prevalence Of Distress And Its Associated Factors Among Caregivers Of People Diagnosed With Cancer: A Cross-Sectional Study, Deborah L. Kirk, Istvan Kabdebo, Lisa Whitehead

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Aims and Objectives: To (i) determine prevalence of distress among caregivers of people living with cancer, (ii) describe caregivers’ most commonly reported problems and (iii) investigate which factors were associated with caregivers’ distress. Background: The psychological distress associated with a cancer diagnosis jointly impacts those living with cancer and their caregivers(s). As the provision of clinical support moves towards a dyadic model, understanding the factors associated with caregivers’ distress is increasingly important. Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: Distress screening data were analysed for 956 caregivers (family and friends) of cancer patients accessing the Cancer Council Western Australia information and support line …


Feasibility And Preliminary Efficacy Of Implementing A Group-Mediated Cognitive Behavioral Resistance Exercise Intervention In Head And Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiation Treatment, Kathryn Dispennette, Dukagjin Blakaj, Megan Kilar, Zachary Chaplow, Jessica Bowman, Victoria Descenza, Xiaochen Zhang, Brian Focht Nov 2022

Feasibility And Preliminary Efficacy Of Implementing A Group-Mediated Cognitive Behavioral Resistance Exercise Intervention In Head And Neck Cancer Patients Undergoing Chemoradiation Treatment, Kathryn Dispennette, Dukagjin Blakaj, Megan Kilar, Zachary Chaplow, Jessica Bowman, Victoria Descenza, Xiaochen Zhang, Brian Focht

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Head and neck cancer (HNCa) patients report some of the lowest quality of life (QOL) compared to other cancer populations, due to the clinically meaningful deficits in muscle mass, called cancer cachexia, and physical function that are associated with the established standard of care, which includes Chemoradiation therapy (CRT). PURPOSE: Determine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of implementing a group-mediated cognitive behavioral (GMCB) resistance exercise (RE) intervention in HNCa patients undergoing CRT. METHODS: The HNCaRE study was a single-arm, pilot trial designed to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of implementing a GMCB personalized RE intervention in …


A Machine Learning Model Of Response To Hypomethylating Agents In Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Nathan Radakovich, David A. Sallman, Rena Buckstein, Andrew Brunner, Amy Dezern, Sudipto Mukerjee, Rami Komrokji, Najla Al-Ali, Jacob Shreve, Yazan Rouphail, Anne Parmentier, Alexandre Mamedov, Mohammed Siddiqui, Yihong Guan, Teodora Kuzmanovic, Metis Hasipek, Babal Jha, Jaroslaw P. Maciejewski, Mikkael A. Sekeres, Aziz Nazha Oct 2022

A Machine Learning Model Of Response To Hypomethylating Agents In Myelodysplastic Syndromes, Nathan Radakovich, David A. Sallman, Rena Buckstein, Andrew Brunner, Amy Dezern, Sudipto Mukerjee, Rami Komrokji, Najla Al-Ali, Jacob Shreve, Yazan Rouphail, Anne Parmentier, Alexandre Mamedov, Mohammed Siddiqui, Yihong Guan, Teodora Kuzmanovic, Metis Hasipek, Babal Jha, Jaroslaw P. Maciejewski, Mikkael A. Sekeres, Aziz Nazha

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Hypomethylating agents (HMA) prolong survival and improve cytopenias in individuals with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Only 30-40% of patients, however, respond to HMAs, and responses may not occur for more than 6 months after HMA initiation. We developed a model to more rapidly assess HMA response by analyzing early changes in patients’ blood counts. Three institutions’ data were used to develop a model that assessed patients’ response to therapy 90 days after the initiation using serial blood counts. The model was developed with a training cohort of 424 patients from2 institutions and validated on an independent cohort of 90 patients. …


Promoting Self-Management Of Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema Through The Remotivation Process, Kaye Rubio, Patricia Bowyer, Sherry Hite, Vidya Pingale, Wyona Freysteinson, Gayle Hersch, Christine Raber Phd, Otr/L Oct 2022

Promoting Self-Management Of Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema Through The Remotivation Process, Kaye Rubio, Patricia Bowyer, Sherry Hite, Vidya Pingale, Wyona Freysteinson, Gayle Hersch, Christine Raber Phd, Otr/L

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background. Lymphedema affects a significant number of women with breast cancer. Self-Management Programs (SMP) are important in the long-term management of chronic conditions such as lymphedema. Motivation is crucial in the daily performance of the SMP. The study explored the effect of the Remotivation Process on the motivation of women with breast cancer-related lymphedema to incorporate an SMP into their daily routine.

Methodology. The study was a within-subjects quasi-experimental design that used the Volitional Questionnaire, frequency count of the SMP, and circumferential measurement as outcome measures. Eleven participants (n = 11) with breast cancer-related lymphedema completed the study …


Detailing The Effects Of Cbd On Parp And Survivin Expression In Ewing Sarcoma, Tyler Carter Oct 2022

Detailing The Effects Of Cbd On Parp And Survivin Expression In Ewing Sarcoma, Tyler Carter

Theses

Ewing sarcoma (ES) is an aggressive pediatric bone cancer with low five-year survival rates, particularly with recurrent disease because ES often becomes resistant to chemotherapy in these recurrences. Cannabidiol (CBD) has been identified as a potentially promising therapeutic for patients with ES. In other cancer types, CBD has demonstrated effects on two major proteins that contribute to chemotherapy resistance. The first, Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase I (PARP1), is a DNA damage repair enzyme that is overexpressed in recurrent ES. Though chemotherapy induces DNA damage in these cancer cells, the high levels of PARP1 facilitate repair of the DNA, allowing the mutated …


The Crucial Role Of Nurses In Promoting Quality Of Life Of Cancer Patients Through Therapeutic Communication, Yvonne Tan Oct 2022

The Crucial Role Of Nurses In Promoting Quality Of Life Of Cancer Patients Through Therapeutic Communication, Yvonne Tan

Honors Program Contracts

No abstract provided.


Cancer Patient Beliefs And Attitudes Regarding Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy, Nedal Darwish, Delaney C. Stuhr, Haily M. Datz, Halima Bakillah, Tenzin Tseky, Mohamed Manaa, Serge Dauphin Sep 2022

Cancer Patient Beliefs And Attitudes Regarding Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy, Nedal Darwish, Delaney C. Stuhr, Haily M. Datz, Halima Bakillah, Tenzin Tseky, Mohamed Manaa, Serge Dauphin

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

The development and widespread use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have advanced the field of oncology in a short period of time. Despite this, patient perception regarding this new medication class has not been adequately assessed, which may affect treatment decisions and adherence. The Belief about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) is a validated survey composed of 18 questions which analyzes patient’s beliefs about the necessity of prescribed medication and concern about the potential adverse events caused by the medication. General medication overuse and harm are also determined. This is the first study to utilize the BMQ for patients on ICI therapy.


Air Quality And Cancer Prevalence Trends Across The Sub-Saharan African Regions During 2005–2020, Omolola Okunromade, Jingjing Yin, Clara Ray, Atin Adhikari Sep 2022

Air Quality And Cancer Prevalence Trends Across The Sub-Saharan African Regions During 2005–2020, Omolola Okunromade, Jingjing Yin, Clara Ray, Atin Adhikari

Department of Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Poor air quality and environmental pollution remain some of the main etiological factors leading to cancers and cancer-related deaths worldwide. As a result of human activities, deleterious airborne chemicals can be dispersed not only in the environment but also released in occupational environments and industrial areas. Air pollutants and cancer links are now established through various oxidative stress-related mechanisms and related DNA damages. Generally, ambient and indoor air pollutants have been understudied in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) compared to other regions in the world. Our study not only highlights the deleterious effects of air pollutants in these developing countries, but it …


Cancer-Specific Survival After Diagnosis In Men Versus Women: A Pan-Cancer Analysis., Yan He, Yonglin Su, Junsong Zeng, Weelic Chong, Xiaolin Hu, Yu Zhang, Xingchen Peng Sep 2022

Cancer-Specific Survival After Diagnosis In Men Versus Women: A Pan-Cancer Analysis., Yan He, Yonglin Su, Junsong Zeng, Weelic Chong, Xiaolin Hu, Yu Zhang, Xingchen Peng

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Comprehensive understanding of cancer-specific survival differences in gender is critical for cancer prevention and treatment. Based on the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results database, we included data from the most prevalent cancers (lung, esophageal, liver, pancreatic, stomach, colorectal, kidney, and bladder cancer). Cox proportional hazards regression models were constructed to estimate hazard ratios, simultaneously adjusting for demographic, clinical, and treatment factors. Overall, male patients had a worse cancer-specific survival than female patients. After adjustment for cancer prevalence with 1:1 matching, gender remained a significant factor in cancer-specific survival. Among the included cancer types, female patients showed survival benefit in lung, …


The Lived Experiences Of Middle Eastern Immigrant Women During Their Cancer Survivorship Journey: A Phenomenological Study, Enam Alsrayheen, Khaldoun Aldiabat, Catherine Aquino-Russell Aug 2022

The Lived Experiences Of Middle Eastern Immigrant Women During Their Cancer Survivorship Journey: A Phenomenological Study, Enam Alsrayheen, Khaldoun Aldiabat, Catherine Aquino-Russell

The Qualitative Report

The number of Middle Eastern immigrant women (MEIW) living in Canada has significantly increased. However, this group of women is underrepresented in health research and there is a gap in knowledge of their cancer survivorship experiences in Canada. This phenomenological qualitative approach was employed to uncover the meaning of the lived experiences of MEIW during their cancer survivorship journey (CSJ). Data were collected through unstructured interviews and one written description from three MEIW. The participants' perspectives of cancer risk factors were believed to be the cause of their cancer, and their CSJ was fear-inducing and anxiety-provoking. There appears to be …


In-Vitro Validation Of Intratumoral Modulation Therapy For Glioblastoma, Abdulla Elsaleh Aug 2022

In-Vitro Validation Of Intratumoral Modulation Therapy For Glioblastoma, Abdulla Elsaleh

Undergraduate Student Research Internships Conference

Intratumoral modulation therapy (IMT) is a novel electrotherapy used to treat brain cancer tumours using electric fields applied directly to the tumours through implanted electrodes. Previous research has validated IMT's effectiveness and provided computer-simulated optimizations for IMT electric fields. This work validates these computer optimizations in-vitro, using a PCB construct to deliver electric fields, and bioluminescence imaging to assess cell viability.

We found electric field strength to correlate with cell viability, and found that rotating (phase-shifted) electric fields did not produce significant improvements in IMT efficacy. Future work will investigate different IMT frequencies and other parameters, while providing biological replicates …


A Microfluidics-Based Approach For Isolation Of Antigen-Specific Cd8+ T Cells, Meredith Frank Aug 2022

A Microfluidics-Based Approach For Isolation Of Antigen-Specific Cd8+ T Cells, Meredith Frank

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer is a global epidemic: there are predicted to be 200 million new cases this year alone. Almost a quarter of all cancer-related deaths are caused by lung cancer, for which 5-year survival rates are just above 20%. 85% of lung cancer diagnoses are classified as non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) for which 5-year survival rates in metastatic disease are less than 10%. Early detection and targeted therapies have improved prognoses, yet relapse is still common among patients.

Immunotherapies that leverage tumor-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T cells have shown great promise for the treatment of NSCLC. However, although highly promising, …


Defining The Cooperation Between Mhc-I And Mhc-Ii Neoantigen-Driven T Cell Responses To Develop Effective Personalized Immunotherapies, Charmelle Williams Aug 2022

Defining The Cooperation Between Mhc-I And Mhc-Ii Neoantigen-Driven T Cell Responses To Develop Effective Personalized Immunotherapies, Charmelle Williams

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Immune checkpoint therapy (ICT) (e.g. anti-CTLA-4 (α-CTLA-4), anti-PD-1 (α-PD-1)) enables durable T cell-dependent anti-tumor immunity in certain cancer patients. Since a subset of patients respond to ICT, this work aims at developing a more in-depth understanding of T-cell responses to MHC class I (MHC-I) and MHC class II (MHC-II) tumor antigens that are derived from aberrant expression of non-mutant antigens or driver and passenger somatic alterations that can function as tumor neoantigens. We used a poorly immunogenic Brafv600e Pten-/- Cdkn2a-/- YUMM1.7 (Y1.7) murine melanoma line with a paucity of endogenous neoantigens that is unresponsive to ICT, and …


Trends Of Human Papilloma Virus- Related Cancers And Hpv Vaccination In Nebraska From 2010 To 2018, Christelle Massumbu Aug 2022

Trends Of Human Papilloma Virus- Related Cancers And Hpv Vaccination In Nebraska From 2010 To 2018, Christelle Massumbu

Capstone Experience

Background:

Approximately 46,143 human papillomaviruses (HPV) related cancers are diagnosed annually in the United States. Although the HPV vaccine has been available in the United States since 2006, more than half of adolescents have not completed the HPV vaccine series. In Nebraska, the incidence rates of HPV-related cancers have increased from 2006 (5.7%) to 2018 (6.3%). Although cervical cancer has been highly studied, there is limited research and surveillance on head and neck, vaginal, vulvar, anal, and penile cancers in a state such as Nebraska, which experiences limited access to healthcare in its rural areas. Clarity about these aspects could …


Advanced-Stage Melanoma At Presentation Following The Peak Of The Pandemic: A Covid-19 Cancer Canary In A Coal Mine, Ryan Lamm, Md, Walker Lyons, Md, Winnie So, Rn, Alliric I. Willis, Md, Facs, Msph Jul 2022

Advanced-Stage Melanoma At Presentation Following The Peak Of The Pandemic: A Covid-19 Cancer Canary In A Coal Mine, Ryan Lamm, Md, Walker Lyons, Md, Winnie So, Rn, Alliric I. Willis, Md, Facs, Msph

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

Background: For melanoma patients, timely identification and tumor thickness are directly correlated with outcomes. COVID-19 impacted both patients' ability and desire to see physicians. We sought to identify whether the pandemic correlated with changes in melanoma thickness at presentation and subsequent treatment timeline.

Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed on patients who underwent surgery for melanoma in an academic center surgical oncology practice from May 2019 to September 2021. Patients were split into two cohorts: "pre-pandemic" from May 2019 to May 2020 and "pandemic," after May 2020, representing when these patients received their initial diagnostic biopsy. Demographic and melanoma-specific variables …


Abstracts From The 2022 Health Care Systems Research Network (Hcsrn) Annual Conference Jul 2022

Abstracts From The 2022 Health Care Systems Research Network (Hcsrn) Annual Conference

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The Health Care Systems Research Network (HCSRN) is comprised of 20 health systems with embedded research units. The network’s annual conference serves as a forum for research teams from member institutions to disseminate scientific findings, explore new collaborations, and share insights about conducting research in real-world care delivery settings. Abstracts accepted for presentation at HCSRN 2022 are published in this supplement of Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews, the official journal of HCSRN’s annual conference proceedings.


Doubling Down On Sepsis: A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Sepsis Bundle Compliance On An Inpatient Oncology Unit, Kayla Slay Jul 2022

Doubling Down On Sepsis: A Quality Improvement Project To Improve Sepsis Bundle Compliance On An Inpatient Oncology Unit, Kayla Slay

Dissertations

Problem: Sepsis is a leading cause of death worldwide, and the second most common cause of death in cancer patients. Early management of sepsis through use of sepsis bundles have been shown to improve patient outcomes, yet bundle adherence is unfortunately inconsistent.

Methods: A two-nurse team, called the Sepsis Sidekicks, was a process improvement initiative to increase compliance with the center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) sepsis bundle and improve patient outcomes related to sepsis. The observational quality improvement project utilized a Plan-Do-Study-Act (PDSA) model over a six-week period where quantitative data was collected using a retrospective chart review. …


Medicinal Plants And Herbs For Cancer Prevention, Madeline Mctigue, Julianna Goelzer, William Ranahan Jul 2022

Medicinal Plants And Herbs For Cancer Prevention, Madeline Mctigue, Julianna Goelzer, William Ranahan

Research Symposium

Modern medicine has yet to produce selective treatments for the vast majority of cancer types. Most chemotherapies, though complex, remain non-specific, and thus destroy healthy cells. Over 25% of cancer patients die from the effects of chemotherapy before the actual tumor would have progressed to the point of organismal death (Megget 2008). Early detection remains the most accurate indicator of successful treatment outcome. But why wait until the disease presents to deal with it? Here the authors argue that a well supported immune system coupled with a dietary regimen of key food-based medicines is a far superior strategy. Given that …


The Quality Of Life Of Regional And Remote Cancer Caregivers In Australia, Belinda C. Goodwin, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Michael Ireland, Sonja March, Suzanne K. Chambers, Joanne F. Aitken, Jeff Dunn Jul 2022

The Quality Of Life Of Regional And Remote Cancer Caregivers In Australia, Belinda C. Goodwin, Fiona Crawford-Williams, Michael Ireland, Sonja March, Suzanne K. Chambers, Joanne F. Aitken, Jeff Dunn

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Objective: This study compares the well-being of rural caregivers with that of the general population and explores the potential drivers of poorer outcomes. Method: Patient–caregiver dyads (n = 241) residing in regional or remote Queensland, Australia, reported on QoL, chronic illness, caregiver burden, depression, anxiety and stress. Caregiver outcomes were compared with population norms and patient outcomes. Multiple regressions were conducted to identify factors associated with poorer caregiver outcomes. Results: Caregivers reported lower mental health-related QoL (M = 0.436, 95% CI = 0.410–0.462) in comparison with age-matched population norms (M = 0.556, 95% CI = 0.532–0.580). No differences existed between …


Tannic Acid Exhibits Antiangiogenesis Activity In Nonsmall-Cell Lung Cancer Cells, Elham Hatami, Prashanth K.B. Nagesh, Mohammed Sikander, Anupam Dhasmana, Subhash C. Chauhan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu Jun 2022

Tannic Acid Exhibits Antiangiogenesis Activity In Nonsmall-Cell Lung Cancer Cells, Elham Hatami, Prashanth K.B. Nagesh, Mohammed Sikander, Anupam Dhasmana, Subhash C. Chauhan, Meena Jaggi, Murali M. Yallapu

School of Medicine Publications and Presentations

Nonsmall-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer, with a dismal prognosis. NSCLC is a highly vascularized tumor, and chemotherapy is often hampered by the development of angiogenesis. Therefore, suppression of angiogenesis is considered a potential treatment approach. Tannic acid (TA), a natural polyphenol, has been demonstrated to have anticancer properties in a variety of cancers; however, its angiogenic properties have yet to be studied. Hence, in the current study, we investigated the antiproliferative and antiangiogenic effects of TA on NSCLC cells. The (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) (MTS) assay revealed that TA induced a dose- and time-dependent …


18f-Fdg-Pet/Ct In Radiation Therapy-Induced Cerebellar Inflammation, Mohammad Abu Kar, Abass Alavi, Johnathan M. Korostoff, Joseph P. Fiorellini, Yu-Cheng Chang Jun 2022

18f-Fdg-Pet/Ct In Radiation Therapy-Induced Cerebellar Inflammation, Mohammad Abu Kar, Abass Alavi, Johnathan M. Korostoff, Joseph P. Fiorellini, Yu-Cheng Chang

Dental Theses

ABSTRACT

Background

18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18FDG- PET/CT) is used in the clinical diagnosis and management of oncologic and inflammatory pathologies. It may also have utility in detecting tissue damage induced by radiotherapy (RT) used to treat various types of cancer. The aim of the present study was to use 18FDG-PET/CT to evaluate the effect of RT on the uptake of 18FDG by the cerebellum.

Methods Thirty patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) were included in this retrospective study. The patients were treated with photon, proton, or combined photon/proton RT, in addition to chemotherapy. All …


An Investigation Into Use Of Natural Mistletoe Extracts And Their Formulations As Potential Anti-Cancer Treatments In Human Carcinomas, Rebecca Healy, Anne M. Friel Jun 2022

An Investigation Into Use Of Natural Mistletoe Extracts And Their Formulations As Potential Anti-Cancer Treatments In Human Carcinomas, Rebecca Healy, Anne M. Friel

SURE_J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Cancer is a prevalent disease that is responsible for around 10 million deaths a year. Cases and deaths will continue to rise daily if nothing is done to find the most effective treatment. Mistletoe is an evergreen, semi-parasitic plant that grows on trees. This plant contains a number of biologically active compounds that contribute to its anti-cancer properties e.g., lectins. Mistletoe is obtained from nature and has been shown to be safe, potent, and effective in treating cancer. Herein we review the biological effects of mistletoe on cancer cells, formulations that can be used in cancer treatment and discuss the …


The Risk And Prognosis Of Covid-19 Infection In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ghada M. Elgohary, Shahrukh Hashmi, Jan Styczynski, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Rehab M. Alblooshi, Rafael De La Camara, Sherif Mohmed, Alfadel Alshaibani, Simone Cesaro, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Reem Almaghrabi, Usama Gergis, Navneet S. Majhail, Roy F. Chemaly, Mahmoud Aljurf, Riad El Fakih Jun 2022

The Risk And Prognosis Of Covid-19 Infection In Cancer Patients: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Ghada M. Elgohary, Shahrukh Hashmi, Jan Styczynski, Mohamed A. Kharfan-Dabaja, Rehab M. Alblooshi, Rafael De La Camara, Sherif Mohmed, Alfadel Alshaibani, Simone Cesaro, Nashwa Abd El-Aziz, Reem Almaghrabi, Usama Gergis, Navneet S. Majhail, Roy F. Chemaly, Mahmoud Aljurf, Riad El Fakih

Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy

Numerous studies have been published regarding outcomes of cancer patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) virus causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. However, most of these are single-center studies with a limited number of patients. To better assess the outcomes of this new infection in this subgroup of susceptible patients, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 infection on cancer patients. We performed a literature search using PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for studies that reported the risk of infection and complications of COVID-19 in cancer patients …


Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan May 2022

Financial Toxicity Tumor Board: A Multi-Disciplinary Team Activity Required In Low And Middle-Income Countries (Lmic), Ahmed Nadeem Abbasi, Sohail Rasool, Laraib Khan

Department of Radiation Oncology

No abstract provided.


Dance Movement Therapy Interventions To Build Coping Skills And Identity In Adolescent Patients Dealing With A Cancer Diagnosis: Development Of A Method, Ariel Hortin May 2022

Dance Movement Therapy Interventions To Build Coping Skills And Identity In Adolescent Patients Dealing With A Cancer Diagnosis: Development Of A Method, Ariel Hortin

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Adolescents are a special category in pediatric oncology because of their unique physical and mental development. This patient population has needs specific to both their development and cancer diagnosis. Dance Movement Therapy (DMT) focuses on building awareness of inner sensations so that the patient can then connect those observations with felt emotions and thoughts. Connecting the physical experience with the emotional experience can provide helpful information for the patient as a tool for change. Building and strengthening relationships with family members also strengthens the critical support system for the patient. Dance Movement Therapy interventions may be effective in working with …