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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Experiences Of Working Sandwich Generation Caregivers, Kimberly Ben, Susan Macdermott Apr 2024

Experiences Of Working Sandwich Generation Caregivers, Kimberly Ben, Susan Macdermott

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

This poster presents an insightful exploration into the lives of Working Sandwich Generation Caregivers (WSCs), a group defined as individuals aged 30-65 who simultaneously provide care for both aging adults (over 65 years old) and younger dependents (29 years old or younger), while also managing their careers. The study delves deep into the unique challenges and experiences faced by WSCs, aiming to highlight the occupational, emotional, and physical demands inherent in their roles. Through qualitative research methods, including interviews and occupational therapy assessments, the manuscript offers a comprehensive look at the balancing act WSCs perform daily. It seeks to inform …


Exploring Student Ageism Perceptions Using Life Review: An Educational Intervention, Rene Wren Apr 2024

Exploring Student Ageism Perceptions Using Life Review: An Educational Intervention, Rene Wren

Journal of Innovation in Health Sciences Education

Exploring Student Ageism Perceptions Using Life Review: An Educational Intervention

Abstract

Background: Addressing student ageism is essential for promoting desires to work with older adults, but little is known about how life review intervention, used as an educational tool in OT programs, can affect ageism. This study aimed to explore the effect of life review on OT students’ ageism perceptions and desires to work with older adults.

Design: A qualitative focus group research approach was performed.

Method: Thirty entry-level occupational therapy students from a Texas university were used as a convenient sample. After participating in a 4-hour workshop, students conducted …


Csf Biomarkers Of Immune Activation And Alzheimer's Disease For Predicting Cognitive Impairment Risk In The Elderly, Francis Shue, Rachel Hendrix, Jason Ulrich, Rachel L Henson, William Knight, Chengjie Xiong, Jigyasha Timsina, Yun Ju Sung, Carlos Cruchaga, David M Holtzman, Et Al. Apr 2024

Csf Biomarkers Of Immune Activation And Alzheimer's Disease For Predicting Cognitive Impairment Risk In The Elderly, Francis Shue, Rachel Hendrix, Jason Ulrich, Rachel L Henson, William Knight, Chengjie Xiong, Jigyasha Timsina, Yun Ju Sung, Carlos Cruchaga, David M Holtzman, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

The immune system substantially influences age-related cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression, affected by genetic and environmental factors. In a Mayo Clinic Study of Aging cohort, we examined how risk factors like APOE genotype, age, and sex affect inflammatory molecules and AD biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Among cognitively unimpaired individuals over 65 (


Multicenter Study Of Long-Term Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Phace Syndrome After Age 10., Mitchell Braun, Ilona J. Frieden, Dawn H. Siegel, Elizabeth George, Christopher P. Hess, Christine K. Fox, Sarah L. Chamlin, Beth A. Drolet, Denise Metry, Elena Pope, Julie Powell, Kristen Holland, Caden Ulschmid, Marilyn G. Liang, Kelly K. Barry, Tina Ho, Chantal Cotter, Eulalia Baselga, David Bosquez, Surabhi Neerendranath Jain, Jordan K. Bui, Irene Lara-Corrales, Tracy Funk, Alison Small, Wenelia Baghoomian, Albert C. Yan, James R. Treat, Griffin Stockton Hogrogian, Charles Huang, Anita Haggstrom, Mary List, Catherine C. Mccuaig, Victoria Barrio, Anthony J. Mancini, Leslie P. Lawley, Kerrie Grunnet-Satcher, Kimberly A. Horii, Brandon D. Newell, Amy J. Nopper, Maria C. Garzon, Margaret E. Scollan, Erin F. Mathes Apr 2024

Multicenter Study Of Long-Term Outcomes And Quality Of Life In Phace Syndrome After Age 10., Mitchell Braun, Ilona J. Frieden, Dawn H. Siegel, Elizabeth George, Christopher P. Hess, Christine K. Fox, Sarah L. Chamlin, Beth A. Drolet, Denise Metry, Elena Pope, Julie Powell, Kristen Holland, Caden Ulschmid, Marilyn G. Liang, Kelly K. Barry, Tina Ho, Chantal Cotter, Eulalia Baselga, David Bosquez, Surabhi Neerendranath Jain, Jordan K. Bui, Irene Lara-Corrales, Tracy Funk, Alison Small, Wenelia Baghoomian, Albert C. Yan, James R. Treat, Griffin Stockton Hogrogian, Charles Huang, Anita Haggstrom, Mary List, Catherine C. Mccuaig, Victoria Barrio, Anthony J. Mancini, Leslie P. Lawley, Kerrie Grunnet-Satcher, Kimberly A. Horii, Brandon D. Newell, Amy J. Nopper, Maria C. Garzon, Margaret E. Scollan, Erin F. Mathes

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: To characterize long-term outcomes of PHACE syndrome.

STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter study with cross-sectional interviews and chart review of individuals with definite PHACE syndrome ≥10 years of age. Data from charts were collected across multiple PHACE-related topics. Data not available in charts were collected from patients directly. Likert scales were used to assess the impact of specific findings. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) scales were used to assess quality of life domains.

RESULTS: A total of 104/153 (68%) individuals contacted participated in the study at a median of 14 years of age (range 10-77 years). There were infantile hemangioma …


Severity Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vs Covid-19 And Influenza Among Hospitalized Us Adults, Diya Surie, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al. Apr 2024

Severity Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vs Covid-19 And Influenza Among Hospitalized Us Adults, Diya Surie, Jennie H Kwon, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: On June 21, 2023, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended the first respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccines for adults aged 60 years and older using shared clinical decision-making. Understanding the severity of RSV disease in adults can help guide this clinical decision-making.

OBJECTIVE: To describe disease severity among adults hospitalized with RSV and compare it with the severity of COVID-19 and influenza disease by vaccination status.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cohort study, adults aged 18 years and older admitted to the hospital with acute respiratory illness and laboratory-confirmed RSV, SARS-CoV-2, or influenza infection were prospectively …


Reliability And Validity Of Smartphone Cognitive Testing For Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Adam M Staffaroni, Nupur Ghoshal, Jason Hassenstab, Et Al. Apr 2024

Reliability And Validity Of Smartphone Cognitive Testing For Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Adam M Staffaroni, Nupur Ghoshal, Jason Hassenstab, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is relatively rare, behavioral and motor symptoms increase travel burden, and standard neuropsychological tests are not sensitive to early-stage disease. Remote smartphone-based cognitive assessments could mitigate these barriers to trial recruitment and success, but no such tools are validated for FTLD.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability and validity of smartphone-based cognitive measures for remote FTLD evaluations.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In this cohort study conducted from January 10, 2019, to July 31, 2023, controls and participants with FTLD performed smartphone application (app)-based executive functioning tasks and an associative memory task 3 times over 2 weeks. …


Health Care Use Experiences Of Ethnoculturally Diverse Immigrant Older Adults: A Meta-Ethnography, Lorna De Witt, Kathryn A. Pfaff, Roger Reka, Noeman Ahmad Mirza Mar 2024

Health Care Use Experiences Of Ethnoculturally Diverse Immigrant Older Adults: A Meta-Ethnography, Lorna De Witt, Kathryn A. Pfaff, Roger Reka, Noeman Ahmad Mirza

Nursing Publications

Purpose

Current and predicted continued dramatic increases in international migration and ethnocultural diversity of older adult cohorts pose challenges for health care services. Review studies on ethnoculturally diverse older adults and health care show a lack of focus on their service use experiences. This study aims to report a meta-ethnography that addresses this knowledge gap through answering the review question: How do ethnoculturally diverse older adults who are immigrants experience health care services?

Design/methodology/approach

The authors applied a seven-phase method of meta-ethnography to guide the review. The authors conducted two literature searches (April 2018 and June 2020) in MEDLINE, CINAHL, …


Characterizing Multimorbidity Prevalence And Adverse Outcomes In Ethnically And Culturally Diverse Sub-Populations In India: Gaps, Opportunities, And Future Directions, Preeti Zanwar, Robyn Taylor, Tanisha Hill-Jarrett, Elena Tsoy, Jason Flatt, Zunera Mirza, Carl Hill, Arokiasamy Perianayagam Mar 2024

Characterizing Multimorbidity Prevalence And Adverse Outcomes In Ethnically And Culturally Diverse Sub-Populations In India: Gaps, Opportunities, And Future Directions, Preeti Zanwar, Robyn Taylor, Tanisha Hill-Jarrett, Elena Tsoy, Jason Flatt, Zunera Mirza, Carl Hill, Arokiasamy Perianayagam

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

India is a large middle-income country and has surpassed China in overall population, comprising 20% of the global population (over 1.43 billion people). India is experiencing a major demographic shift in its aging population. Chronic diseases are common among older adults and can be persistent over the life course, lead to the onset of disability, and be costly. Among older adults in India, the existence of multiple comorbid chronic conditions (i.e., multimorbidity) is rapidly growing and represents a burgeoning public health burden. Prior research identified greater rates of multimorbidity (e.g., overweight/obesity diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and malignancies) in minority …


Microglia At Sites Of Atrophy Restrict The Progression Of Retinal Degeneration Via Galectin-3 And Trem2, Chen Yu, Yun Chen, Jinchao Hou, Marco Colonna, Et Al. Mar 2024

Microglia At Sites Of Atrophy Restrict The Progression Of Retinal Degeneration Via Galectin-3 And Trem2, Chen Yu, Yun Chen, Jinchao Hou, Marco Colonna, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Outer retinal degenerations, including age-related macular degeneration (AMD), are characterized by photoreceptor and retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) atrophy. In these blinding diseases, macrophages accumulate at atrophic sites, but their ontogeny and niche specialization remain poorly understood, especially in humans. We uncovered a unique profile of microglia, marked by galectin-3 upregulation, at atrophic sites in mouse models of retinal degeneration and human AMD. In disease models, conditional deletion of galectin-3 in microglia led to phagocytosis defects and consequent augmented photoreceptor death, RPE damage, and vision loss, indicating protective roles. Mechanistically, Trem2 signaling orchestrated microglial migration to atrophic sites and induced galectin-3 …


Reports Of Covid-19 Vaccine Adverse Events In Predominantly Republican Vs Democratic States, David A Asch, Chongliang Luo, Yong Chen Mar 2024

Reports Of Covid-19 Vaccine Adverse Events In Predominantly Republican Vs Democratic States, David A Asch, Chongliang Luo, Yong Chen

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Antivaccine sentiment is increasingly associated with conservative political positions. Republican-inclined states exhibit lower COVID-19 vaccination rates, but the association between political inclination and reported vaccine adverse events (AEs) is unexplored.

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether there is an association between state political inclination and the reporting rates of COVID-19 vaccine AEs.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional study used the AE reports after COVID-19 vaccination from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) database from 2020 to 2022, with reports after influenza vaccines from 2019 to 2022 used as a reference. These reports were examined against state-level percentage of Republican …


Declining Prevalence Of Trichomonas Vaginalis Diagnosed By Wet Mount In A Cohort Of U.S. Women With And Without Hiv, Elizabeth M Daubert, Jodie Dionne, Jessica Atrio, Andrea K Knittel, Seble G Kassaye, Dominika Seidman, Amanda Long, Susan Brockmann, Igho Ofotokun, Margaret A Fischl, L Stewart Massad, Kathleen M Weber Mar 2024

Declining Prevalence Of Trichomonas Vaginalis Diagnosed By Wet Mount In A Cohort Of U.S. Women With And Without Hiv, Elizabeth M Daubert, Jodie Dionne, Jessica Atrio, Andrea K Knittel, Seble G Kassaye, Dominika Seidman, Amanda Long, Susan Brockmann, Igho Ofotokun, Margaret A Fischl, L Stewart Massad, Kathleen M Weber

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


An Umbrella Review Of Self-Management Interventions For Health Conditions With Symptom Overlap With Traumatic Brain Injury, Angelle Sander, Monique Pappadis, Tamara Bushnik, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Simon Driver, Robin Hanks, Kirk Lercher, Dawn Neumann, Amanda Rabinowitz, Ronald T Seel, Erica Weber, Rick Ralston, John Corrigan, Kurt Kroenke, Flora Hammond Mar 2024

An Umbrella Review Of Self-Management Interventions For Health Conditions With Symptom Overlap With Traumatic Brain Injury, Angelle Sander, Monique Pappadis, Tamara Bushnik, Nancy Chiaravalloti, Simon Driver, Robin Hanks, Kirk Lercher, Dawn Neumann, Amanda Rabinowitz, Ronald T Seel, Erica Weber, Rick Ralston, John Corrigan, Kurt Kroenke, Flora Hammond

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To synthesize evidence for the effectiveness of self-management interventions for chronic health conditions that have symptom overlap with traumatic brain injury (TBI) in order to extract recommendations for self-management intervention in persons with TBI.

DESIGN: An umbrella review of existing systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials or nonrandomized studies targeting self-management of chronic conditions and specific outcomes relevant to persons with TBI.

METHOD: A comprehensive literature search of 5 databases was conducted using PRISMA guidelines. Two independent reviewers conducted screening and data extraction using the Covidence web-based review platform. Quality assessment was conducted using criteria adapted from …


The Conceptual Definition Of Sarcopenia: Delphi Consensus From The Global Leadership Initiative In Sarcopenia (Glis), Ben Kirk, Ellen F Binder, Et Al. Mar 2024

The Conceptual Definition Of Sarcopenia: Delphi Consensus From The Global Leadership Initiative In Sarcopenia (Glis), Ben Kirk, Ellen F Binder, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Sarcopenia, the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength/function, is an important clinical condition. However, no international consensus on the definition exists.

OBJECTIVE: The Global Leadership Initiative in Sarcopenia (GLIS) aimed to address this by establishing the global conceptual definition of sarcopenia.

DESIGN: The GLIS steering committee was formed in 2019-21 with representatives from all relevant scientific societies worldwide. During this time, the steering committee developed a set of statements on the topic and invited members from these societies to participate in a two-phase International Delphi Study. Between 2022 and 2023, participants ranked their agreement with a set of …


Aging Impairs The Osteocytic Regulation Of Collagen Integrity And Bone Quality, Charles A Schurman, Serra Kaya, Neha Dole, Nadja M Maldonado Luna, Natalia Castillo, Ryan Potter, Jacob P Rose, Joanna Bons, Christina D King, Jordan B Burton, Birgit Schilling, Simon Melov, Simon Tang, Eric Schaible, Tamara Alliston Feb 2024

Aging Impairs The Osteocytic Regulation Of Collagen Integrity And Bone Quality, Charles A Schurman, Serra Kaya, Neha Dole, Nadja M Maldonado Luna, Natalia Castillo, Ryan Potter, Jacob P Rose, Joanna Bons, Christina D King, Jordan B Burton, Birgit Schilling, Simon Melov, Simon Tang, Eric Schaible, Tamara Alliston

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Poor bone quality is a major factor in skeletal fragility in elderly individuals. The molecular mechanisms that establish and maintain bone quality, independent of bone mass, are unknown but are thought to be primarily determined by osteocytes. We hypothesize that the age-related decline in bone quality results from the suppression of osteocyte perilacunar/canalicular remodeling (PLR), which maintains bone material properties. We examined bones from young and aged mice with osteocyte-intrinsic repression of TGFβ signaling (TβRII


Androgen Exposure Impairs Neutrophil Maturation And Function Within The Infected Kidney, Teri N Hreha, Christina A Collins, Elisabeth B Cole, Rachel J Jin, David A Hunstad Feb 2024

Androgen Exposure Impairs Neutrophil Maturation And Function Within The Infected Kidney, Teri N Hreha, Christina A Collins, Elisabeth B Cole, Rachel J Jin, David A Hunstad

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in men are uncommon yet carry an increased risk for severe pyelonephritis and other complications. In models of


Utilization Of Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Display For The Surgical Management Of Thoracolumbar Spinal Trauma, Michael Ryan Kann, Miguel A Ruiz-Cardozo, Samuel Brehm, Tim Bui, Karan Joseph, Karma Barot, Gabriel Trevino, Abigail Carey-Ewend, Som P Singh, Matthew De La Paz, Ahmed Hanafy, Michael Olufawo, Rujvee P Patel, Alexander T Yahanda, Alexander Perdomo-Pantoja, Magalie Cadieux, Brenton Pennicooke, Camilo A Molina, Et Al. Feb 2024

Utilization Of Augmented Reality Head-Mounted Display For The Surgical Management Of Thoracolumbar Spinal Trauma, Michael Ryan Kann, Miguel A Ruiz-Cardozo, Samuel Brehm, Tim Bui, Karan Joseph, Karma Barot, Gabriel Trevino, Abigail Carey-Ewend, Som P Singh, Matthew De La Paz, Ahmed Hanafy, Michael Olufawo, Rujvee P Patel, Alexander T Yahanda, Alexander Perdomo-Pantoja, Magalie Cadieux, Brenton Pennicooke, Camilo A Molina, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Biochemical And Pathological Evaluation Of Brain Samples From Knock-In Murine Models Of Gaucher Disease, Makaila L Furderer, Bahafta Berhe, Tiffany C Chen, Stephen Wincovitch, Xuntian Jiang, Nahid Tayebi, Ellen Sidransky, Tae-Un Han Feb 2024

A Comparative Biochemical And Pathological Evaluation Of Brain Samples From Knock-In Murine Models Of Gaucher Disease, Makaila L Furderer, Bahafta Berhe, Tiffany C Chen, Stephen Wincovitch, Xuntian Jiang, Nahid Tayebi, Ellen Sidransky, Tae-Un Han

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Gaucher disease (GD) is a lysosomal storage disorder stemming from biallelic mutations in


Elderly Female With Abdominal Pain And Hypotension, Michael Fareri, Arthur K Au, Kelly Goodsell, M. Fields Feb 2024

Elderly Female With Abdominal Pain And Hypotension, Michael Fareri, Arthur K Au, Kelly Goodsell, M. Fields

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Multi-Omics And Pathway Analyses Of Genome-Wide Associations Implicate Regulation And Immunity In Verbal Declarative Memory Performance., Hao Mei, Jeannette Simino, Lianna Li, Fan Jiang, Joshua C Bis, Gail Davies, W David Hill, Charley Xia, Vilmundur Gudnason, Qiong Yang, Jari Lahti, Jennifer A Smith, Mirna Kirin, Philip De Jager, Nicola J Armstrong, Mohsen Ghanbari, Ivana Kolcic, Christopher Moran, Alexander Teumer, Murali Sargurupremraj, Shamsed Mahmud, Myriam Fornage, Wei Zhao, Claudia L Satizabal, Ozren Polasek, Katri Räikkönen, David C Liewald, Georg Homuth, Michele Callisaya, Karen A Mather, B Gwen Windham, Tatijana Zemunik, Aarno Palotie, Alison Pattie, Sandra Van Der Auwera, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, David S Knopman, Igor Rudan, John M Starr, Katharina Wittfeld, Nicole A Kochan, Michael E Griswold, Veronique Vitart, Henry Brodaty, Rebecca Gottesman, Simon R Cox, Bruce M Psaty, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Francine Grodstein, Perminder S Sachdev, Velandai Srikanth, Caroline Hayward, James F Wilson, Johan G Eriksson, Sharon L R Kardia, Hans J Grabe, David A Bennett, M Arfan Ikram, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Lenore Launer, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Sudha Seshadri, Jan Bressler, Stephanie Debette, Thomas H Mosley Jan 2024

Multi-Omics And Pathway Analyses Of Genome-Wide Associations Implicate Regulation And Immunity In Verbal Declarative Memory Performance., Hao Mei, Jeannette Simino, Lianna Li, Fan Jiang, Joshua C Bis, Gail Davies, W David Hill, Charley Xia, Vilmundur Gudnason, Qiong Yang, Jari Lahti, Jennifer A Smith, Mirna Kirin, Philip De Jager, Nicola J Armstrong, Mohsen Ghanbari, Ivana Kolcic, Christopher Moran, Alexander Teumer, Murali Sargurupremraj, Shamsed Mahmud, Myriam Fornage, Wei Zhao, Claudia L Satizabal, Ozren Polasek, Katri Räikkönen, David C Liewald, Georg Homuth, Michele Callisaya, Karen A Mather, B Gwen Windham, Tatijana Zemunik, Aarno Palotie, Alison Pattie, Sandra Van Der Auwera, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, David S Knopman, Igor Rudan, John M Starr, Katharina Wittfeld, Nicole A Kochan, Michael E Griswold, Veronique Vitart, Henry Brodaty, Rebecca Gottesman, Simon R Cox, Bruce M Psaty, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Francine Grodstein, Perminder S Sachdev, Velandai Srikanth, Caroline Hayward, James F Wilson, Johan G Eriksson, Sharon L R Kardia, Hans J Grabe, David A Bennett, M Arfan Ikram, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Lenore Launer, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Sudha Seshadri, Jan Bressler, Stephanie Debette, Thomas H Mosley

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Uncovering the functional relevance underlying verbal declarative memory (VDM) genome-wide association study (GWAS) results may facilitate the development of interventions to reduce age-related memory decline and dementia.

METHODS: We performed multi-omics and pathway enrichment analyses of paragraph (PAR-dr) and word list (WL-dr) delayed recall GWAS from 29,076 older non-demented individuals of European descent. We assessed the relationship between single-variant associations and expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in 44 tissues and methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) in the hippocampus. We determined the relationship between gene associations and transcript levels in 53 tissues, annotation as immune genes, and regulation by transcription …


Multi-Omics And Pathway Analyses Of Genome-Wide Associations Implicate Regulation And Immunity In Verbal Declarative Memory Performance., Hao Mei, Jeannette Simino, Lianna Li, Fan Jiang, Joshua C Bis, Gail Davies, W David Hill, Charley Xia, Vilmundur Gudnason, Qiong Yang, Jari Lahti, Jennifer A Smith, Mirna Kirin, Philip De Jager, Nicola J Armstrong, Mohsen Ghanbari, Ivana Kolcic, Christopher Moran, Alexander Teumer, Murali Sargurupremraj, Shamsed Mahmud, Myriam Fornage, Wei Zhao, Claudia L Satizabal, Ozren Polasek, Katri Räikkönen, David C Liewald, Georg Homuth, Michele Callisaya, Karen A Mather, B Gwen Windham, Tatijana Zemunik, Aarno Palotie, Alison Pattie, Sandra Van Der Auwera, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, David S Knopman, Igor Rudan, John M Starr, Katharina Wittfeld, Nicole A Kochan, Michael E Griswold, Veronique Vitart, Henry Brodaty, Rebecca Gottesman, Simon R Cox, Bruce M Psaty, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Francine Grodstein, Perminder S Sachdev, Velandai Srikanth, Caroline Hayward, James F Wilson, Johan G Eriksson, Sharon L R Kardia, Hans J Grabe, David A Bennett, M Arfan Ikram, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Lenore Launer, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Sudha Seshadri, Jan Bressler, Stephanie Debette, Thomas H Mosley Jan 2024

Multi-Omics And Pathway Analyses Of Genome-Wide Associations Implicate Regulation And Immunity In Verbal Declarative Memory Performance., Hao Mei, Jeannette Simino, Lianna Li, Fan Jiang, Joshua C Bis, Gail Davies, W David Hill, Charley Xia, Vilmundur Gudnason, Qiong Yang, Jari Lahti, Jennifer A Smith, Mirna Kirin, Philip De Jager, Nicola J Armstrong, Mohsen Ghanbari, Ivana Kolcic, Christopher Moran, Alexander Teumer, Murali Sargurupremraj, Shamsed Mahmud, Myriam Fornage, Wei Zhao, Claudia L Satizabal, Ozren Polasek, Katri Räikkönen, David C Liewald, Georg Homuth, Michele Callisaya, Karen A Mather, B Gwen Windham, Tatijana Zemunik, Aarno Palotie, Alison Pattie, Sandra Van Der Auwera, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, David S Knopman, Igor Rudan, John M Starr, Katharina Wittfeld, Nicole A Kochan, Michael E Griswold, Veronique Vitart, Henry Brodaty, Rebecca Gottesman, Simon R Cox, Bruce M Psaty, Eric Boerwinkle, Daniel I Chasman, Francine Grodstein, Perminder S Sachdev, Velandai Srikanth, Caroline Hayward, James F Wilson, Johan G Eriksson, Sharon L R Kardia, Hans J Grabe, David A Bennett, M Arfan Ikram, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Lenore Launer, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Sudha Seshadri, Jan Bressler, Stephanie Debette, Thomas H Mosley

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Uncovering the functional relevance underlying verbal declarative memory (VDM) genome-wide association study (GWAS) results may facilitate the development of interventions to reduce age-related memory decline and dementia.

METHODS: We performed multi-omics and pathway enrichment analyses of paragraph (PAR-dr) and word list (WL-dr) delayed recall GWAS from 29,076 older non-demented individuals of European descent. We assessed the relationship between single-variant associations and expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in 44 tissues and methylation quantitative trait loci (meQTLs) in the hippocampus. We determined the relationship between gene associations and transcript levels in 53 tissues, annotation as immune genes, and regulation by transcription …


Short-Stay Units Vs Routine Admission From The Emergency Department In Patients With Acute Heart Failure: The Ssu-Ahf Randomized Clinical Trial, Peter S Pang, Douglas Char, Et Al. Jan 2024

Short-Stay Units Vs Routine Admission From The Emergency Department In Patients With Acute Heart Failure: The Ssu-Ahf Randomized Clinical Trial, Peter S Pang, Douglas Char, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: More than 80% of patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute heart failure (AHF) are hospitalized. With more than 1 million annual hospitalizations for AHF in the US, safe and effective alternatives are needed. Care for AHF in short-stay units (SSUs) may be safe and more efficient than hospitalization, especially for lower-risk patients, but randomized clinical trial data are lacking.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of SSU care vs hospitalization in lower-risk patients with AHF.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This multicenter randomized clinical trial randomly assigned low-risk patients with AHF 1:1 to SSU or hospital admission …


Digital Clock Drawing As An Alzheimer's Disease Susceptibility Biomarker: Associations With Genetic Risk Score And Apoe In Older Adults, L I Thompson, M Cummings, S Emrani, David J. Libon, A Ang, C Karjadi, R Au, C Liu Jan 2024

Digital Clock Drawing As An Alzheimer's Disease Susceptibility Biomarker: Associations With Genetic Risk Score And Apoe In Older Adults, L I Thompson, M Cummings, S Emrani, David J. Libon, A Ang, C Karjadi, R Au, C Liu

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia in older adults, but most people are not diagnosed until significant neuronal loss has likely occurred along with a decline in cognition. Non-invasive and cost-effective digital biomarkers for AD have the potential to improve early detection.

OBJECTIVE: We examined the validity of DCTclockTM (a digitized clock drawing task) as an AD susceptibility biomarker.

DESIGN: We used two primary independent variables, Apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele carrier status and polygenic risk score (PRS). We examined APOE and PRS associations with DCTclockTM composite scores as dependent measures.

SETTING: We used existing data …


Changes In Sleep Effort Mediate Insomnia Severity In Older Adults Following Online Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Yvonne Kutzer, Lisa Whitehead, Eimear Quigley, Mandy Stanley Jan 2024

Changes In Sleep Effort Mediate Insomnia Severity In Older Adults Following Online Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Yvonne Kutzer, Lisa Whitehead, Eimear Quigley, Mandy Stanley

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Background

To examine treatment mechanisms of digitally delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), this study assessed the mediating effects of dysfunctional beliefs, hyperarousal, locus of control, self-efficacy, sleep effort, and safety behaviours on self-reported insomnia severity in older adults before and following the completion of a self-guided, online CBT-I program.

Methods

The baseline and follow-up measurements were completed by 62 older adults (55 female, 89%). This was a two-condition within-participant design. Mediation analysis using a parallel mediation model was conducted using the MEMORE macro for repeated measure designs.

Results

Out of all the included mediator variables, only a reduction …


Leveraging Mhealth To Mitigate The Impact Of Covid-19 In Black American Communities: Qualitative Analysis, Kelly M Harris, Tilicia Mayo Gamble, Madelyn G Yoo, Lindsay A Spell, Timira N Minor, Holly Jones, Donald Lynch Dec 2023

Leveraging Mhealth To Mitigate The Impact Of Covid-19 In Black American Communities: Qualitative Analysis, Kelly M Harris, Tilicia Mayo Gamble, Madelyn G Yoo, Lindsay A Spell, Timira N Minor, Holly Jones, Donald Lynch

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 remains an ongoing public health crisis. Black Americans remain underrepresented among those vaccinated and overrepresented in both COVID-19 morbidity and mortality. Medical misinformation, specifically related to COVID-19, has exacerbated the impact of the disease in Black American communities. Communication tools and strategies to build relationships and disseminate credible and trustworthy diagnostic and preventative health information are necessary to improve outcomes and equity for historically oppressed populations.

OBJECTIVE: As the initial phase of a larger mixed methods project to develop, pilot, and evaluate a mobile health (mHealth) intervention among a population at high risk for COVID-19 and cardiovascular comorbidities, …


Treatment Response Of Gingival Squamous-Cell Carcinoma To Palliative Intent Immunotherapy, Natalia Trehan, Angelina Debbas, Mykaihla Sternick, Jennifer Johnson, James Gates Dec 2023

Treatment Response Of Gingival Squamous-Cell Carcinoma To Palliative Intent Immunotherapy, Natalia Trehan, Angelina Debbas, Mykaihla Sternick, Jennifer Johnson, James Gates

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

The use of PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor medications has become a common practice in the treatment of recurrent and metastatic head and neck squamous-cell carcinomas. Success in this setting has led to the investigation of their efficacy in locally advanced cases as a part of first-line therapy. In this report, we detail the treatment response to palliative intent immunotherapy of three geriatric patients with mandibular gingival squamous-cell carcinoma who decided against surgical intervention. Patient #1 was treated with pembrolizumab, a PD-1 inhibitor, and displayed complete clinical and radiologic response of the gingival mass after three months of treatment, which is …


Sirtuin 6 Activation Rescues The Age-Related Decline In Dna Damage Repair In Primary Human Chondrocytes, Michaela E. Copp, Jacqueline Shine, Hannon L. Brown, Kirti R. Nimmala, Oliver B. Hansen, Susan Chubinskaya, John A. Collins, Richard F. Loeser, Brian O. Diekman Dec 2023

Sirtuin 6 Activation Rescues The Age-Related Decline In Dna Damage Repair In Primary Human Chondrocytes, Michaela E. Copp, Jacqueline Shine, Hannon L. Brown, Kirti R. Nimmala, Oliver B. Hansen, Susan Chubinskaya, John A. Collins, Richard F. Loeser, Brian O. Diekman

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers

While advanced age is widely recognized as the greatest risk factor for osteoarthritis (OA), the biological mechanisms behind this connection remain unclear. Previous work has demonstrated that chondrocytes from older cadaveric donors have elevated levels of DNA damage as compared to chondrocytes from younger donors. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a decline in DNA repair efficiency is one explanation for the accumulation of DNA damage with age, and to quantify the improvement in repair with activation of Sirtuin 6 (SIRT6). After acute damage with irradiation, DNA repair was shown to be more efficient in chondrocytes from …


Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients With Pregnancy-Related End-Stage Kidney Disease., Lauren Kucirka, Ana Angarita, Tracy Manuck, Kim Boggess, Vimal Derebail, Mollie Wood, Michelle Meyer, Dorry Segev, Monica Reynolds Dec 2023

Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients With Pregnancy-Related End-Stage Kidney Disease., Lauren Kucirka, Ana Angarita, Tracy Manuck, Kim Boggess, Vimal Derebail, Mollie Wood, Michelle Meyer, Dorry Segev, Monica Reynolds

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: The incidence of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury is increasing and is associated with significant maternal morbidity including progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Little is known about characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients who develop pregnancy-related ESKD.

OBJECTIVES: To examine the characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with pregnancy-related ESKD and to investigate associations between pre-ESKD nephrology care and outcomes.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a cohort study of 183 640 reproductive-aged women with incident ESKD between January 1, 2000, and November 20, 2020, from the US Renal Data System and maternal data from births captured in the …


Local Treatment And Treatment-Related Adverse Effects Among Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer, Saira Khan, Su-Hsin Chang, Mei Wang, Eric H Kim, Martin W Schoen, Carleena Rocuskie-Marker, Bettina F Drake Dec 2023

Local Treatment And Treatment-Related Adverse Effects Among Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer, Saira Khan, Su-Hsin Chang, Mei Wang, Eric H Kim, Martin W Schoen, Carleena Rocuskie-Marker, Bettina F Drake

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Recent data suggest that local treatment with radical prostatectomy or radiation may improve survival outcomes in men with advanced prostate cancer. However, evidence is lacking on treatment-related adverse effects among men with advanced prostate cancer.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of local treatment on treatment-related adverse effects among men diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study assessed men diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer (defined as T4, N1, and/or M1 prostate cancer) between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2013, with follow-up through December 31, 2021, who were treated at Veterans Health Administration medical centers. …


A Multi-Institutional Phase 2 Trial Of Ablative 5-Fraction Stereotactic Magnetic Resonance-Guided On-Table Adaptive Radiation Therapy For Borderline Resectable And Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer, Parag Jitendra Parikh, Hyun Kim, Lauren E Henke, Alex T Price, Et Al. Nov 2023

A Multi-Institutional Phase 2 Trial Of Ablative 5-Fraction Stereotactic Magnetic Resonance-Guided On-Table Adaptive Radiation Therapy For Borderline Resectable And Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer, Parag Jitendra Parikh, Hyun Kim, Lauren E Henke, Alex T Price, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance (MR) image guidance may facilitate safe ultrahypofractionated radiation dose escalation for inoperable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. We conducted a prospective study evaluating the safety of 5-fraction Stereotactic MR-guided on-table Adaptive Radiation Therapy (SMART) for locally advanced (LAPC) and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRPC).

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with LAPC or BRPC were eligible for this multi-institutional, single-arm, phase 2 trial after ≥3 months of systemic therapy without evidence of distant progression. Fifty gray in 5 fractions was prescribed on a 0.35T MR-guided radiation delivery system. The primary endpoint was acute grade ≥3 gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity definitely attributed to …


Repeated Multi-Domain Cognitive Training Prevents Cognitive Decline, Anxiety And Amyloid Pathology Found In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer Disease, Jogender Mehla, Scott H Deibel, Hadil Karem, Nancy S Hong, Shakhawat R Hossain, Sean G Lacoursiere, Robert J Sutherland, Majid H Mohajerani, Robert J Mcdonald Nov 2023

Repeated Multi-Domain Cognitive Training Prevents Cognitive Decline, Anxiety And Amyloid Pathology Found In A Mouse Model Of Alzheimer Disease, Jogender Mehla, Scott H Deibel, Hadil Karem, Nancy S Hong, Shakhawat R Hossain, Sean G Lacoursiere, Robert J Sutherland, Majid H Mohajerani, Robert J Mcdonald

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Education, occupation, and an active lifestyle, comprising enhanced social, physical, and mental components are associated with improved cognitive functions in aged people and may delay the progression of various neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease. To investigate this protective effect, 3-month-old APP