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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Bilateral, Full-Thickness Macular Holes While Undergoing Chemotherapy, Sarah Dieter Od, Brett Garee Od Ms, Susan Zacatelco Od, Julie Henry Od Apr 2022

Bilateral, Full-Thickness Macular Holes While Undergoing Chemotherapy, Sarah Dieter Od, Brett Garee Od Ms, Susan Zacatelco Od, Julie Henry Od

Optometric Clinical Practice

Background: Bilateral, full-thickness macular holes are a rare condition that can substantially affect quality of life. Macular hole diagnosis and treatment is key for these patients.

Case Report: A 71 year old Caucasian male presented with a chief complaint of distance blur in both eyes, worsening over the past 1-2 weeks. He had no diagnosis of diabetes. He added that his prostate cancer had spread and that his last treatment ended 9 days ago. He was ultimately diagnosed with bilateral, full-thickness macular holes. Referral to a retinal specialist for surgical management yielded good results.

Conclusion: This is the first case ...


Effect Of Lipid-Lowering Medications In Patients With Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery Outcomes, Chunxia Shi, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E Goldhammer, David Li, Bob Kiaii, Victor Rudriguez, Douglas Boyd, David Lubarsky, Richard Applegate, Hong Liu Apr 2022

Effect Of Lipid-Lowering Medications In Patients With Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Surgery Outcomes, Chunxia Shi, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E Goldhammer, David Li, Bob Kiaii, Victor Rudriguez, Douglas Boyd, David Lubarsky, Richard Applegate, Hong Liu

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Background: Increased life expectancy and improved medical technology allow increasing numbers of elderly patients to undergo cardiac surgery. Elderly patients may be at greater risk of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Complications can lead to worsened quality of life, shortened life expectancy and higher healthcare costs. Reducing perioperative complications, especially severe adverse events, is key to improving outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The objective of this study is to determine whether perioperative lipid-lowering medication use is associated with a reduced risk of complications and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).

Methods: After IRB approval, we ...


68-Year Old Man With Progressive Weakness And Ventilator Dependent Respiratory Failure: A Case Report Of Sporadic Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy, P. Kirupaharan, Daniel Kramer, Alan Gandler, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Ross Summer Mar 2022

68-Year Old Man With Progressive Weakness And Ventilator Dependent Respiratory Failure: A Case Report Of Sporadic Late Onset Nemaline Myopathy, P. Kirupaharan, Daniel Kramer, Alan Gandler, Lawrence C. Kenyon, Ross Summer

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Background: Neuromuscular pathologies must be considered when caring for patients with persistent or progressive respiratory failure. Pertinent disease states may involve skeletal muscles of respiration or associated neurologic structures including motor neurons, peripheral neurons and the neuromuscular junction. Diagnosis may require pulmonary function testing, neurophysiologic studies, imaging, and/or muscle biopsy.

Case presentation: A 68-year-old male was transferred to our intensive care unit (ICU) for management of ventilator dependent respiratory failure. Upon further historical review, he described gradually worsening gait instability and muscle weakness, which was previously attributed to vascular Parkinsonism in the setting of known cerebrovascular disease. Upon arrival ...


Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol Mar 2022

Study Protocol For The Innovative Support For Patients With Sars-Cov-2 Infections Registry (Inspire): A Longitudinal Study Of The Medium And Long-Term Sequelae Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Matthew Thompson, Bala Hota, Michael Gottlieb, Ian D Plumb, Anna Marie Chang, Lauren E Wisk, Aron J Hall, Ralph C Wang, Erica S Spatz, Kari A Stephens, Ryan M Huebinger, Samuel A Mcdonald, Arjun Venkatesh, Nikki Gentile, B. H. Slovis, Mandy Hill, Sharon Saydah, Ahamed H Idris, Robert Rodriguez, Harlan M Krumholz, Joann G Elmore, Robert A Weinstein, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

Background: Reports on medium and long-term sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infections largely lack quantification of incidence and relative risk. We describe the rationale and methods of the Innovative Support for Patients with SARS-CoV-2 Registry (INSPIRE) that combines patient-reported outcomes with data from digital health records to understand predictors and impacts of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Methods: INSPIRE is a prospective, multicenter, longitudinal study of individuals with symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection in eight regions across the US. Adults are eligible for enrollment if they are fluent in English or Spanish, reported symptoms suggestive of acute SARS-CoV-2 infection, and if they are within 42 days ...


Comprehensive Analysis Of Alternative Splicing In Gastric Cancer Identifies Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Subtypes Associated With Survival., Yukyung Jun, Yun-Suhk Suh, Sunghee Park, Jieun Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Wan-Ping Lee, Olga Anczuków, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee Feb 2022

Comprehensive Analysis Of Alternative Splicing In Gastric Cancer Identifies Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition Subtypes Associated With Survival., Yukyung Jun, Yun-Suhk Suh, Sunghee Park, Jieun Lee, Jong-Il Kim, Sanghyuk Lee, Wan-Ping Lee, Olga Anczuków, Han-Kwang Yang, Charles Lee

Faculty Research 2022

Alternatively spliced RNA isoforms are a hallmark of tumors, but their nature, prevalence, and clinical implications in gastric cancer have not been comprehensively characterized. We systematically profiled the splicing landscape of 83 gastric tumors and matched normal mucosa, identifying and experimentally validating eight splicing events that can classify all gastric cancers into three subtypes: epithelial-splicing (EpiS), mesenchymal-splicing (MesS), and hybrid-splicing. These subtypes were associated with distinct molecular signatures and epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers. Subtype-specific splicing events were enriched in motifs for splicing factors RBM24 and ESRP1, which were upregulated in MesS and EpiS tumors, respectively. A simple classifier based only on ...


Assessment Of Regional Variability In Covid-19 Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer In The United States., Jessica E Hawley, Tianyi Sun, David D Chism, Narjust Duma, Julie C Fu, Na Tosha N Gatson, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan H Nguyen, Sonya A Reid, Oscar K Serrano, Sunny R K Singh, Neeta K Venepalli, Ziad Bakouny, Babar Bashir, Mehmet A Bilen, Paolo F Caimi, Toni K Choueiri, Scott J Dawsey, Leslie A Fecher, Daniel B Flora, Christopher R Friese, Michael J Glover, Cyndi J Gonzalez, Sharad Goyal, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Dawn L Hershman, Hina Khan, Chris Labaki, Mark A Lewis, Rana R Mckay, Ian Messing, Nathan A Pennell, Matthew Puc, Deepak Ravindranathan, Terence D Rhodes, Andrea V Rivera, John Roller, Gary K Schwartz, Sumit A Shah, Justin A Shaya, Mitrianna Streckfuss, Michael A Thompson, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Zhuoer Xie, Peter Paul Yu, Jeremy L Warner, Dimpy P Shah, Benjamin French, Clara Hwang Jan 2022

Assessment Of Regional Variability In Covid-19 Outcomes Among Patients With Cancer In The United States., Jessica E Hawley, Tianyi Sun, David D Chism, Narjust Duma, Julie C Fu, Na Tosha N Gatson, Sanjay Mishra, Ryan H Nguyen, Sonya A Reid, Oscar K Serrano, Sunny R K Singh, Neeta K Venepalli, Ziad Bakouny, Babar Bashir, Mehmet A Bilen, Paolo F Caimi, Toni K Choueiri, Scott J Dawsey, Leslie A Fecher, Daniel B Flora, Christopher R Friese, Michael J Glover, Cyndi J Gonzalez, Sharad Goyal, Thorvardur R Halfdanarson, Dawn L Hershman, Hina Khan, Chris Labaki, Mark A Lewis, Rana R Mckay, Ian Messing, Nathan A Pennell, Matthew Puc, Deepak Ravindranathan, Terence D Rhodes, Andrea V Rivera, John Roller, Gary K Schwartz, Sumit A Shah, Justin A Shaya, Mitrianna Streckfuss, Michael A Thompson, Elizabeth M Wulff-Burchfield, Zhuoer Xie, Peter Paul Yu, Jeremy L Warner, Dimpy P Shah, Benjamin French, Clara Hwang

Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers

Importance: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a distinct spatiotemporal pattern in the United States. Patients with cancer are at higher risk of severe complications from COVID-19, but it is not well known whether COVID-19 outcomes in this patient population were associated with geography.

Objective: To quantify spatiotemporal variation in COVID-19 outcomes among patients with cancer.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This registry-based retrospective cohort study included patients with a historical diagnosis of invasive malignant neoplasm and laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection between March and November 2020. Data were collected from cancer care delivery centers in the United States.

Exposures: Patient residence was categorized ...


Longitudinal Physical Performance And Blood Pressure Changes In Older Women: Findings Form The Women's Health Initiative., Deepika R Laddu, Michael J Lamonte, Bernhard Haring, Hajwa Kim, Peggy Cawthon, Jennifer W Bea, Hailey Banack, Jane A Cauley, Matthew A Allison, Lisa Warsinger Martin, Meryl S Leboff, Marcia L Stefanick, Shane A Phillips, Jun Ma Jan 2022

Longitudinal Physical Performance And Blood Pressure Changes In Older Women: Findings Form The Women's Health Initiative., Deepika R Laddu, Michael J Lamonte, Bernhard Haring, Hajwa Kim, Peggy Cawthon, Jennifer W Bea, Hailey Banack, Jane A Cauley, Matthew A Allison, Lisa Warsinger Martin, Meryl S Leboff, Marcia L Stefanick, Shane A Phillips, Jun Ma

Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Color-Blind Racial Attitudes In Practicing Dental Hygienists, Emily A. Ludwig, Susan L. Tolle, Jessica R. Suedbeck Jan 2022

Color-Blind Racial Attitudes In Practicing Dental Hygienists, Emily A. Ludwig, Susan L. Tolle, Jessica R. Suedbeck

Dental Hygiene Faculty Publications

Purpose: Individuals who subscribe to a color-blind racial ideology may not be aware of differences or differential treatment based on race which may be related to racial inequality in the delivery of oral health care. The purpose of this study was to determine color-blind racial attitudes in a convenience sample of clinical dental hygienists.

Methods: A convenience sample of practicing dental hygienists recruited through social media via snowball sampling was invited to participate in this cross-sectional survey study. The Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale (CoBRAS), a valid and reliable measuring instrument, was used to determine unawareness of racial attitudes and stereotyping ...


Prevalence And Associated Factors Of Dizziness Among A National Community-Dwelling Sample Of Older Adults In India In 2017–2018, Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer Dec 2021

Prevalence And Associated Factors Of Dizziness Among A National Community-Dwelling Sample Of Older Adults In India In 2017–2018, Supa Pengpid, Karl Peltzer

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of dizziness in older community-dwelling adults in India.

Methods: The cross-sectional sample was composed of 21,343 individuals (≥65 years) from the Longitudinal Aging Study in India (LASI) Wave 1 in 2017–2018. Dizziness was assessed by determining if the individuals suffered from “persistent or troublesome dizziness or light headedness” in the past 2 years.

Results: Women and men had the overall prevalence of 14.6%/17.2% and 11.6% in past 2-year dizziness, respectively. Adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that sociodemographic factors (female sex), physical chronic conditions ...


A Case Of Unintentional Isopropanol Poisoning Via Transdermal Absorption Delayed By Weekly Hemodialysis, Andrew R. Chavez, Michael T. Sweeney, Peter Akpunonu Dec 2021

A Case Of Unintentional Isopropanol Poisoning Via Transdermal Absorption Delayed By Weekly Hemodialysis, Andrew R. Chavez, Michael T. Sweeney, Peter Akpunonu

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND Isopropanol toxicity is the most common reported toxic alcohol ingestion in the United States and is well known to emergency physicians. Most toxicities result from unintentional ingestion of rubbing alcohol; however, an under-recognized mechanism of unintentional toxicity is transdermal absorption. Additionally, hemodialysis effectively removes isopropanol and its metabolites from circulation, so that in patients receiving regular hemodialysis, the manifestation of toxicity can be delayed.

CASE REPORT A 67-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease secondary to insulin-dependent type II diabetes on once-weekly hemodialysis presented to the Emergency Department via the Emergency Medical Service with acute encephalopathy, severe hypoglycemia, and hypothermia ...


Utility Of Blood Cellular Indices In The Risk Stratification Of Patients Presenting With Acute Pulmonary Embolism., Brett Slajus, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Iman Darwish, Jawed Fareed, Amir Darki Nov 2021

Utility Of Blood Cellular Indices In The Risk Stratification Of Patients Presenting With Acute Pulmonary Embolism., Brett Slajus, Yevgeniy Brailovsky, Iman Darwish, Jawed Fareed, Amir Darki

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Pulmonary embolism (PE) clinical manifestations vary widely, and that scope is not fully captured by current all-cause mortality risk models. PE is associated with inflammatory, coagulation, and hemostatic imbalances so blood cellular indices may be prognostically useful. Complete blood count (CBC) data may improve current risk models like the simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) for all-cause mortality, offering greater accuracy and analytic ability. Acute PE patients (n = 228) with confirmatory diagnostic imaging were followed for all-cause mortality. Blood cellular indices were assessed for association to all-cause mortality and were supplemented into sPESI using multivariate logistic regression. Multiple blood cellular ...


Efficacy And Safety Of Fremanezumab In Clinical Trial Participants Aged ≥60 Years With Episodic Or Chronic Migraine: Pooled Results From 3 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Studies, Stephanie J. Nahas, Steffen Naegel, Joshua M Cohen, Xiaoping Ning, Lindsay Janka, Verena Ramirez Campos, Lynda J Krasenbaum, Dagny Holle-Lee, David Kudrow, Christian Lampl Nov 2021

Efficacy And Safety Of Fremanezumab In Clinical Trial Participants Aged ≥60 Years With Episodic Or Chronic Migraine: Pooled Results From 3 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Phase 3 Studies, Stephanie J. Nahas, Steffen Naegel, Joshua M Cohen, Xiaoping Ning, Lindsay Janka, Verena Ramirez Campos, Lynda J Krasenbaum, Dagny Holle-Lee, David Kudrow, Christian Lampl

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

Background: Although migraine is less common in older people, preventive treatment of migraine in these individuals may be more challenging due to the presence of multiple comorbidities and polypharmacy. Additionally, evidence for migraine treatment efficacy, safety, and tolerability is limited in this population. We evaluated efficacy, safety, and tolerability of fremanezumab, a fully humanized monoclonal antibody (IgG2Δa) that selectively targets calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), in clinical trial participants aged ≥60 years with episodic migraine (EM) or chronic migraine (CM).

Methods: This analysis included data from 3 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 3 studies: the HALO EM study, HALO CM study, and ...


Emergency Department Administration Of Covid-19 Antibody Therapies: Early Experience., Christopher Payette, Joseph T. Brooks, Robert Shesser Nov 2021

Emergency Department Administration Of Covid-19 Antibody Therapies: Early Experience., Christopher Payette, Joseph T. Brooks, Robert Shesser

Emergency Medicine Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Effects Of The Tailored Activity Program (Tap) On Dementia-Related Symptoms, Health Events And Caregiver Wellbeing: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Laura N Gitlin, Katherine Marx, Catherine V. Piersol, Nancy A Hodgson, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Constantine Lyketsos Oct 2021

Effects Of The Tailored Activity Program (Tap) On Dementia-Related Symptoms, Health Events And Caregiver Wellbeing: A Randomized Controlled Trial, Laura N Gitlin, Katherine Marx, Catherine V. Piersol, Nancy A Hodgson, Jin Huang, David L Roth, Constantine Lyketsos

Department of Occupational Therapy Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: People living with dementia (PLWD) and caregivers are adversely impacted by lack of meaningful activity leading to worse symptoms and impaired quality-of-life. There is a critical need to develop effective and well-tolerated treatments that mitigate clinical symptoms, engage PLWD and support caregiver wellbeing. We tested whether, compared to attention control, the Tailored Activity Program (TAP) reduced clinical symptoms and health-related events, and improved caregiver wellbeing, and if TAP activities were well-tolerated.

METHODS: We conducted a single-blind randomized controlled trial among 250 dyads recruited from Baltimore-Washington DC (2012-2016) with a dementia diagnosis and clinically significant agitation/aggression. Dyads were randomized ...


Long-Term Survival Of Older Patients Hospitalized For Covid-19. Do Clinical Characteristics Upon Admission Matter?, Michał Chojnicki, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Mikołaj Seostianin, Zofia Tomczak, Hamza Tariq, Jerzy Chudek, Sławomir Tobis, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska, Aleksandra Suwalska, Andrzej Tykarski, Piotr Merks, Sylwia Kropińska, Małgorzata Sobieszczańska, Frank Romanelli, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis Oct 2021

Long-Term Survival Of Older Patients Hospitalized For Covid-19. Do Clinical Characteristics Upon Admission Matter?, Michał Chojnicki, Agnieszka Neumann-Podczaska, Mikołaj Seostianin, Zofia Tomczak, Hamza Tariq, Jerzy Chudek, Sławomir Tobis, Iwona Mozer-Lisewska, Aleksandra Suwalska, Andrzej Tykarski, Piotr Merks, Sylwia Kropińska, Małgorzata Sobieszczańska, Frank Romanelli, Katarzyna Wieczorowska-Tobis

Pharmacy Practice and Science Faculty Publications

Older adults are particularly susceptible to COVID-19 in terms of both disease severity and risk of death. To compare clinical differences between older COVID-19 hospitalized survivors and non-survivors, we investigated variables influencing mortality in all older adults with COVID-19 hospitalized in Poznań, Poland, through the end of June 2020 (n = 322). In-hospital, post-discharge, and overall 180-day mortality were analyzed. Functional capacity prior to COVID-19 diagnosis was also documented. The mean age of subjects was 77.5 ± 10.0 years; among them, 191 were females. Ninety-five (29.5%) died during their hospitalization and an additional 30 (9.3%) during the post-discharge ...


Ovarian Cancer Epidemiology, Healthcare Access And Disparities (Orchid): Methodology For A Population-Based Study Of Black, Hispanic And White Patients With Ovarian Cancer, Tomi Akinyemiju, April Deveaux, Lauren Wilson, Anjali Gupta, Ashwini Joshi, Malcolm Bevel, Chioma Omeogu, Onyinye Ohamadike, Bin Huang, Maria Pisu, Margaret Liang, Molly Mcfatrich, Erin Daniell, Laura Jane Fish, Kevin Ward, Maria Schymura, Andrew Berchuck, Arnold L. Potosky Oct 2021

Ovarian Cancer Epidemiology, Healthcare Access And Disparities (Orchid): Methodology For A Population-Based Study Of Black, Hispanic And White Patients With Ovarian Cancer, Tomi Akinyemiju, April Deveaux, Lauren Wilson, Anjali Gupta, Ashwini Joshi, Malcolm Bevel, Chioma Omeogu, Onyinye Ohamadike, Bin Huang, Maria Pisu, Margaret Liang, Molly Mcfatrich, Erin Daniell, Laura Jane Fish, Kevin Ward, Maria Schymura, Andrew Berchuck, Arnold L. Potosky

Biostatistics Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Less than 40% of patients with ovarian cancer (OC) in the USA receive stage-appropriate guideline-adherent surgery and chemotherapy. Black patients with cancer report greater depression, pain and fatigue than white patients. Lack of access to healthcare likely contributes to low treatment rates and racial differences in outcomes. The Ovarian Cancer Epidemiology, Healthcare Access and Disparities study aims to characterise healthcare access (HCA) across five specific dimensions-Availability, Affordability, Accessibility, Accommodation and Acceptability-among black, Hispanic and white patients with OC, evaluate the impact of HCA on quality of treatment, supportive care and survival, and explore biological mechanisms that may contribute to ...


A 4-Pronged Approach To Foster Healthy Aging In Older Adults., Lynn M Wilson, Angela L Colistra, Elisa Giusto, Susan E Hansen Oct 2021

A 4-Pronged Approach To Foster Healthy Aging In Older Adults., Lynn M Wilson, Angela L Colistra, Elisa Giusto, Susan E Hansen

Department of Family Medicine

Monitoring patients' health, mobility, mentation, and ability to maintain social connections can help you promote healthy aging for your older patients.


Istent Versus Istent Inject Implantation Combined With Phacoemulsification In Open Angle Glaucoma., Wesam Shamseldin Shalaby, Sophia S. Lam, Amirmohsen Arbabi, Jonathan S. Myers, Marlene R. Moster, Natasha N. Kolomeyer, Reza Razeghinejad, Aakriti Garg Shukla, Tarek R. Hussein, Tarek M. Eid, Said M. Shalaby, Daniel Lee Sep 2021

Istent Versus Istent Inject Implantation Combined With Phacoemulsification In Open Angle Glaucoma., Wesam Shamseldin Shalaby, Sophia S. Lam, Amirmohsen Arbabi, Jonathan S. Myers, Marlene R. Moster, Natasha N. Kolomeyer, Reza Razeghinejad, Aakriti Garg Shukla, Tarek R. Hussein, Tarek M. Eid, Said M. Shalaby, Daniel Lee

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To compare the outcomes of iStent vs. iStent inject implantation combined with phacoemulsification.

Methods: This single center retrospective comparative case series included subjects with open angle glaucoma who underwent iStent or iStent inject implantation combined with phacoemulsification with ≥1 year follow-up. The main outcome measures were in-group and between-group changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) and medication number, proportion of eyes that achieved IOP ≤15 mmHg, and surgical success defined as 20% IOP reduction from baseline at 6/12 months. Univariate/multivariate regression analyses were done to identify predictors of surgical failure.

Results: One hundred ninety-seven eyes of 148 patients ...


Promoting Leisure And Social Participation For Seniors In An Assisted Living Facility, Macy Clark, Becki Cohill, Susan Macdermott, Karen Park Aug 2021

Promoting Leisure And Social Participation For Seniors In An Assisted Living Facility, Macy Clark, Becki Cohill, Susan Macdermott, Karen Park

Summer 2021 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Seniors in assisted living facilities (ALF) experience a decrease in leisure activity participation (Knecht-Sabres et al., 2020). This decrease could be due to the changes in the social, cultural, and physical environments and the loss of daily roles and routines (Lamarre et al., 2019). Participation in social group activities improves quality of life and provides many physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional benefits (Barnes et al., 2008; Horowitz & Vanner, 2010). Participation in group activities offers seniors a sense of community, purpose, belonging, and friendship (Dare et al., 2018). However, group activities offered in ALF may be generic and not individualized to resident interests and functional abilities (Lamarre et al., 2019). An occupational therapist (OT) has a distinct role in facilitating engagement in meaningful, social group activities by analyzing the activity demands and maximizing the fit between the person, occupation, and the environment (Knecht-Sabres et al., 2020; Lohman et al., 2017). This role could enhance resident participation in personally meaningful occupations while promoting social inclusion within an assisted living community.

The purpose of this project was to create an individualized and ...


Pulmonary Function Decline In Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Terry D. Heiman-Patterson, Ossama Khazaal, Daohai Yu, Michael E. Sherman, Edward J. Kasarskis, Carlayne E. Jackson, Peg Niv Study Group Aug 2021

Pulmonary Function Decline In Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Terry D. Heiman-Patterson, Ossama Khazaal, Daohai Yu, Michael E. Sherman, Edward J. Kasarskis, Carlayne E. Jackson, Peg Niv Study Group

Neurology Faculty Publications

Background: There has been no comprehensive longitudinal study of pulmonary functions (PFTS) in ALS determining which measure is most sensitive to declines in respiratory muscle strength. Objective: To determine the longitudinal decline of PFTS in ALS and which measure supports Medicare criteria for NIV initiation first. Methods: Serial PFTs (maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV), maximum inspiratory pressure measured by mouth (MIP) or nasal sniff pressure (SNIP), maximum expiratory pressure (MEP), and Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)) were performed over 12 months on 73 ALS subjects to determine which measure showed the sentinel decline in pulmonary function. The rate of decline for each ...


Survey Of The Health Of Urban Residents: A Community-Driven Assessment Of Conditions Salient To The Health Of Historically Excluded Populations In The Usa., Sirry Alang, Cynthia Pando, Malcolm Mcclain, Hasshan Batts, Abby Letcher, Janelle Hager, Taylor Person, Adama Shaw, Kwamaine Blake, Kevelis Matthews-Alvarado Aug 2021

Survey Of The Health Of Urban Residents: A Community-Driven Assessment Of Conditions Salient To The Health Of Historically Excluded Populations In The Usa., Sirry Alang, Cynthia Pando, Malcolm Mcclain, Hasshan Batts, Abby Letcher, Janelle Hager, Taylor Person, Adama Shaw, Kwamaine Blake, Kevelis Matthews-Alvarado

Department of Family Medicine

BACKGROUND: Data from the Survey of the Health of Urban Residents (SHUR) identified connections between police brutality and medical mistrust, generating significant media, policy, and research attention. Amidst intersecting crises of COVID-19, racism, and police brutality, this report describes survey development and data collection procedures for the SHUR.

BASIC PROCEDURES: We conducted focus groups with Black men, Latinxs, and immigrants in Allentown, Pennsylvania. Findings were used to develop and refine measures of conditions salient to the health of urban residents across the country. Quota sampling was employed; oversampling people of color and persons whose usual source of care was not ...


Covid-19 And The Impact On Rural And Black Church Congregants: Results Of The C-M-C Project, Lovoria B. Williams, Anita F. Fernander, Tofial Azam, Maria L. Gomez, Junghee Kang, Cassidy L. Moody, Hannah Bowman, Nancy E. Schoenberg Jul 2021

Covid-19 And The Impact On Rural And Black Church Congregants: Results Of The C-M-C Project, Lovoria B. Williams, Anita F. Fernander, Tofial Azam, Maria L. Gomez, Junghee Kang, Cassidy L. Moody, Hannah Bowman, Nancy E. Schoenberg

Nursing Faculty Publications

The COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating effects on Black and rural populations with a mortality rate among Blacks three times that of Whites and both rural and Black populations experiencing limited access to COVID-19 resources. The primary purpose of this study was to explore the health, financial, and psychological impact of COVID-19 among rural White Appalachian and Black nonrural central Kentucky church congregants. Secondarily we sought to examine the association between sociodemographics and behaviors, attitudes, and beliefs regarding COVID-19 and intent to vaccinate. We used a cross sectional survey design developed with the constructs of the Health Belief and Theory ...


Leveraging Big Data For Pattern Recognition Of Socio-Demographic And Climatic Factors In Correlation With Eye Disorders In Telangana State, India, Amna Alalawi, Les Sztandera, Parth Lalakia, Anthony Vipin Das, Sai Prashanthi Gumpili, Richard Derman Jul 2021

Leveraging Big Data For Pattern Recognition Of Socio-Demographic And Climatic Factors In Correlation With Eye Disorders In Telangana State, India, Amna Alalawi, Les Sztandera, Parth Lalakia, Anthony Vipin Das, Sai Prashanthi Gumpili, Richard Derman

Kanbar College Faculty Papers

Purpose: Big data is the new gold, especially in health care. Advances in collecting and processing electronic medical records (EMR) coupled with increasing computer capabilities have resulted in an increased interest in the use of big data in health care. Ophthalmology has been an area of focus where results have shown to be promising. The objective of this study was to determine whether the EMR at a multi-tier ophthalmology network in India can contribute to the management of patient care, through studying how climatic and socio-demographic factors relate to eye disorders and visual impairment in the State of Telangana.

Methods ...


Ten-Year Outcomes Of Uveal Melanoma Based On The Cancer Genome Atlas (Tcga) Classification In 1001 Cases., Carol L Shields, Eileen Mayro, Zeynep Bas, Philip W Dockery, Antonio Yaghy, Sara E. Lally, Arupa Ganguly, Jerry A Shields Jul 2021

Ten-Year Outcomes Of Uveal Melanoma Based On The Cancer Genome Atlas (Tcga) Classification In 1001 Cases., Carol L Shields, Eileen Mayro, Zeynep Bas, Philip W Dockery, Antonio Yaghy, Sara E. Lally, Arupa Ganguly, Jerry A Shields

Wills Eye Hospital Papers

Purpose: To understand the prognostic value of The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) for uveal melanoma metastasis, using a simplified 4-category classification, based on tumor DNA.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of 1001 eyes with uveal melanoma at a single center, categorized according to TCGA as Group A, B, C, or D (by fine-needle aspiration biopsy for DNA analysis), and treated with standard methods, was studied for melanoma-related metastasis at 5 and 10 years.

Results: Of 1001 eyes with uveal melanoma, the TCGA categories included Group A (n = 486, 49%), B (n = 141, 14%), C (n = 260, 26%), and D (n ...


Personal Mastery And All-Cause Mortality Among Older Americans Living With Diabetes, Ho-Jui Tung, Ming-Chin Yeh, Randall Ford, Gulzar H. Shah Jun 2021

Personal Mastery And All-Cause Mortality Among Older Americans Living With Diabetes, Ho-Jui Tung, Ming-Chin Yeh, Randall Ford, Gulzar H. Shah

Health Policy and Community Health Faculty Publications

Introduction: Higher personal mastery is associated with better physical functioning, wellbeing, and longevity among older populations. However, few studies have focused on whether personal mastery is protective against mortality among older adults living with diabetes over time.
Methods: A total of 1,779 participants were identified from an off-year survey of the Health and Retirement Study. Proportional Hazard Models were used to evaluate the significance of selected variables in predicting the survival of participants over a 13-year period.
Results: A substantial proportion (46.7%) of the diabetic patients had survived by the end of 2016. Adults with lower mastery scores ...


Food Insecurity And Frailty Among Women With And Without Hiv In The United States: A Cross-Sectional Analysis, Judy Y. Tan, Lila A. Sheira, Edward A. Frongillo Jr., Deborah Gustafson, Anjali Sharma, Daniel Merenstein, Mardge H. Cohen, Elizabeth Golub, Andrew Edmonds, Igho Ofotokun, Margaret Fischl, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Torsten Neilands, Phyllis Tien, Sheri D. Weiser Jun 2021

Food Insecurity And Frailty Among Women With And Without Hiv In The United States: A Cross-Sectional Analysis, Judy Y. Tan, Lila A. Sheira, Edward A. Frongillo Jr., Deborah Gustafson, Anjali Sharma, Daniel Merenstein, Mardge H. Cohen, Elizabeth Golub, Andrew Edmonds, Igho Ofotokun, Margaret Fischl, Deborah Konkle-Parker, Torsten Neilands, Phyllis Tien, Sheri D. Weiser

Faculty Publications

Introduction: Frailty is frequently observed among people with HIV, and food insecurity is associated with frailty in the general population. Evidence is scarce on the associations between food insecurity and frailty among women with HIV who maybe particularly vulnerable to the impacts of food insecurity. The goal of this study was to assess associations between food insecurity and frailty among women with and without HIV.

Methods: There were 1265 participants from the Women’s Interagency HIV Study who participated in frailty assessments in2017. Frailty was measured using the Fried Frailty Phenotype, and women were subsequently categorized as robust, pre-frailor frail ...


Covid-19 Treatment Combinations And Associations With Mortality In A Large Multi-Site Healthcare System., Dagan Coppock, Michael Baram, Anna Marie Chang, Patricia Henwood, Alan Kubey, Ross Summer, John Zurlo, Michael Li, Bryan Hess Jun 2021

Covid-19 Treatment Combinations And Associations With Mortality In A Large Multi-Site Healthcare System., Dagan Coppock, Michael Baram, Anna Marie Chang, Patricia Henwood, Alan Kubey, Ross Summer, John Zurlo, Michael Li, Bryan Hess

Division of Infectious Diseases and Environmental Medicine Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, mortality associated with the disease declined in the United States. The standard of care for pharmacological interventions evolved during this period as new and repurposed treatments were used alone and in combination. Though these medications have been studied individually, data are limited regarding the relative impact of different medication combinations. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the association of COVID-19-related mortality and observed medication combinations and to determine whether changes in medication-related practice patterns and measured patient characteristics, alone, explain the decline in mortality seen early in the COVID-19 ...


Evaluation Of Diazepam Nasal Spray In Patients With Epilepsy Concomitantly Using Maintenance Benzodiazepines: An Interim Subgroup Analysis From A Phase 3, Long-Term, Open-Label Safety Study., Eric B Segal, Daniel Tarquinio, Ian Miller, James W Wheless, Dennis Dlugos, Victor Biton, Gregory D Cascino, Jay Desai, R Edward Hogan, Kore Liow, Michael R Sperling, Blanca Vazquez, David F Cook, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana Jun 2021

Evaluation Of Diazepam Nasal Spray In Patients With Epilepsy Concomitantly Using Maintenance Benzodiazepines: An Interim Subgroup Analysis From A Phase 3, Long-Term, Open-Label Safety Study., Eric B Segal, Daniel Tarquinio, Ian Miller, James W Wheless, Dennis Dlugos, Victor Biton, Gregory D Cascino, Jay Desai, R Edward Hogan, Kore Liow, Michael R Sperling, Blanca Vazquez, David F Cook, Adrian L Rabinowicz, Enrique Carrazana

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: Diazepam nasal spray (Valtoco), indicated for acute treatment of frequent seizure activity (seizure clusters) in patients with epilepsy ≥6 years of age, is designed to be a rapid, noninvasive, socially acceptable route of administration. This interim analysis evaluated the safety profile of diazepam nasal spray in patients with and without concomitant use of benzodiazepines, with use of a second dose for a seizure cluster as a proxy for effectiveness.

METHODS: A long-term, phase 3, open-label safety study enrolled patients with epilepsy who had seizures despite a stable antiseizure medication regimen.

RESULTS: Among 175 patients enrolled by October 31, 2019 ...


Association Of Cumulative Social Risk And Social Support With Receipt Of Chemotherapy Among Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer, Rachel E. Davis, Amber W. Trickey, Paul Abrahamse, Ikuko Kato, Kevin Ward, Arden M. Morris Jun 2021

Association Of Cumulative Social Risk And Social Support With Receipt Of Chemotherapy Among Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer, Rachel E. Davis, Amber W. Trickey, Paul Abrahamse, Ikuko Kato, Kevin Ward, Arden M. Morris

Faculty Publications

Importance: Approximately 38% of patients with advanced colorectal cancer do not receive chemotherapy. Objective: To determine whether cumulative social risk (ie, multiple co-occurring sociodemographic risk factors) is associated with lower receipt of chemotherapy among patients with advanced colorectal cancer and whether social support would moderate this association. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional, population-based, mailed survey study was conducted from 2012 to 2014. Participants were recruited between 2011 and 2014 from all adults within 1 year after diagnosis of stage III colorectal cancer in the Detroit, Michigan, and State of Georgia Surveillance, Epidemiology, End-Results cancer registries. Patients were eligible if ...


Alzheimer's Patients’ Mental Health During The Covid 19 Pandemic, Maryanna Schweininger, Yvonne Maduka, Ajh'shana Collins May 2021

Alzheimer's Patients’ Mental Health During The Covid 19 Pandemic, Maryanna Schweininger, Yvonne Maduka, Ajh'shana Collins

Stratford Campus Research Day

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a degenerative brain disease caused by β Amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, which results in memory loss and cognitive decline. It is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 50% of those with AD experience some degree of depression during the course of the disease, which has been shown to accelerate functional decline, institutionalization, and even mortality.

Many who cannot care for themselves live in an assisted living facility or retirement home. Since the beginning of the COVID 19 pandemic, people have been urged to social distance in order to decrease ...