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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Pediatric Spinal Ependymoma With Chromothripsis Of Chromosome 6: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature., Keela R. Scott, Melissa Gener, Elena Repnikova Feb 2024

Pediatric Spinal Ependymoma With Chromothripsis Of Chromosome 6: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature., Keela R. Scott, Melissa Gener, Elena Repnikova

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

BACKGROUND: Ependymomas are the third most common central nervous system tumor in the pediatric population; however, spinal ependymomas in children are rare. Ependymomas affecting the spinal cord most frequently occur in adults of 20-40 years of age. The current World Health Organization classification system for ependymomas is now composed of ten different entities based on histopathology, location, and molecular studies, with evidence that the new classification system more accurately predicts clinical outcomes.

CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 16-year-old Caucasian female patient with a history of type 2 neurofibromatosis with multiple schwannomas, meningioma, and spinal ependymoma. Chromosome analysis …


How Does Covid-19 Vaccination Affect Long-Covid Symptoms?, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Meshkat Nemati, Mina Shahisavandi, Hamid Nemati, Afrooz Karimi, Anahita Jafari, Sara Nasiri, Seyyed Saeed Mohammadi, Zahra Rahimian, Hossein Bayat, Ali Akbari, Amir Emami, Owrang Eilami Feb 2024

How Does Covid-19 Vaccination Affect Long-Covid Symptoms?, Ali Akbar Asadi-Pooya, Meshkat Nemati, Mina Shahisavandi, Hamid Nemati, Afrooz Karimi, Anahita Jafari, Sara Nasiri, Seyyed Saeed Mohammadi, Zahra Rahimian, Hossein Bayat, Ali Akbari, Amir Emami, Owrang Eilami

Department of Neurology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to identify the association between COVID-19 vaccination and prolonged post-COVID symptoms (long-COVID) in adults who reported suffering from this condition.

METHODS: This was a retrospective follow-up study of adults with long-COVID syndrome. The data were collected during a phone call to the participants in January-February 2022. We inquired about their current health status and also their vaccination status if they agreed to participate.

RESULTS: In total, 1236 people were studied; 543 individuals reported suffering from long long- COVID (43.9%). Chi square test showed that 15 out of 51 people (29.4%) with no vaccination and 528 …


Early Management Of Adult Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury In Patients With Polytrauma: A Consensus And Clinical Recommendations Jointly Developed By The World Society Of Emergency Surgery (Wses) & The European Association Of Neurosurgical Societies (Eans), Edoardo Picetti, Andreas Demetriades, Fausto Catena, Bizhan Aarabi, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Oscar Alves, Luca Ansaloni, Rocco Armonda, Rafael Badenes, Miklosh Bala, Zsolt J Balogh, Andrea Barbanera, Alessandro Bertuccio, Walter Biffl, Pierre Bouzat, Andras Buki, Ana Maria Castano-Leon, Davide Cerasti, Giuseppe Citerio, Federico Coccolini, Raul Coimbra, Carlo Coniglio, Francesco Costa, Federico De Iure, Bart Depreitere, Enrico Fainardi, Michael Fehlings, Nikolay Gabrovsky, Daniel Agustin Godoy, Peter Gruen, Deepak Gupta, Gregory Hawryluk, Raimund Helbok, Iftakher Hossain, Peter Hutchinson, Corrado Iaccarino, Kenji Inaba, Marcel Ivanov, Stanislav Kaprovoy, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Sam Klein, Angelos Kolias, Nikolay Konovalov, Alfonso Lagares, Laura Lippa, Angelica Loza-Gomez, Teemu Luoto, Andrew Maas, Andrzej Maciejczak, Ronald Maier, Niklas Marklund, Matthew Martin, Ilaria Melloni, Sergio Mendoza-Lattes, Geert Meyfroidt, Marina Munari, Lena Napolitano, David Okonkwo, Yasuhiro Otomo, Marios Papadopoulos, Ondra Petr, Wilco Peul, Aichholz K Pudkrong, Zaffer Qasim, Frank Rasulo, Carla Reizinho, Florian Ringel, Sandro Rizoli, Elham Rostami, Andres Rubiano, Emanuele Russo, Aarti Sarwal, Jan Schwab, Franco Servadei, Deepak Sharma, Salman Sharif, Ehab Shiban, Lori Shutter, Philip Stahel, Fabio Taccone, Nicole Terpolilli, Claudius Thomé, Peter Toth, Parmenion Tsitsopoulos, Andrew Udy, Alex Vaccaro, Albert Varon, Monica Vavilala, Alexander Younsi, Monika Zackova, Tommaso Zoerle, Chiara Robba Jan 2024

Early Management Of Adult Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury In Patients With Polytrauma: A Consensus And Clinical Recommendations Jointly Developed By The World Society Of Emergency Surgery (Wses) & The European Association Of Neurosurgical Societies (Eans), Edoardo Picetti, Andreas Demetriades, Fausto Catena, Bizhan Aarabi, Fikri Abu-Zidan, Oscar Alves, Luca Ansaloni, Rocco Armonda, Rafael Badenes, Miklosh Bala, Zsolt J Balogh, Andrea Barbanera, Alessandro Bertuccio, Walter Biffl, Pierre Bouzat, Andras Buki, Ana Maria Castano-Leon, Davide Cerasti, Giuseppe Citerio, Federico Coccolini, Raul Coimbra, Carlo Coniglio, Francesco Costa, Federico De Iure, Bart Depreitere, Enrico Fainardi, Michael Fehlings, Nikolay Gabrovsky, Daniel Agustin Godoy, Peter Gruen, Deepak Gupta, Gregory Hawryluk, Raimund Helbok, Iftakher Hossain, Peter Hutchinson, Corrado Iaccarino, Kenji Inaba, Marcel Ivanov, Stanislav Kaprovoy, Andrew Kirkpatrick, Sam Klein, Angelos Kolias, Nikolay Konovalov, Alfonso Lagares, Laura Lippa, Angelica Loza-Gomez, Teemu Luoto, Andrew Maas, Andrzej Maciejczak, Ronald Maier, Niklas Marklund, Matthew Martin, Ilaria Melloni, Sergio Mendoza-Lattes, Geert Meyfroidt, Marina Munari, Lena Napolitano, David Okonkwo, Yasuhiro Otomo, Marios Papadopoulos, Ondra Petr, Wilco Peul, Aichholz K Pudkrong, Zaffer Qasim, Frank Rasulo, Carla Reizinho, Florian Ringel, Sandro Rizoli, Elham Rostami, Andres Rubiano, Emanuele Russo, Aarti Sarwal, Jan Schwab, Franco Servadei, Deepak Sharma, Salman Sharif, Ehab Shiban, Lori Shutter, Philip Stahel, Fabio Taccone, Nicole Terpolilli, Claudius Thomé, Peter Toth, Parmenion Tsitsopoulos, Andrew Udy, Alex Vaccaro, Albert Varon, Monica Vavilala, Alexander Younsi, Monika Zackova, Tommaso Zoerle, Chiara Robba

Rothman Institute Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: The early management of polytrauma patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) is a major challenge. Sparse data is available to provide optimal care in this scenario and worldwide variability in clinical practice has been documented in recent studies.

METHODS: A multidisciplinary consensus panel of physicians selected for their established clinical and scientific expertise in the acute management of tSCI polytrauma patients with different specializations was established. The World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) and the European Association of Neurosurgical Societies (EANS) endorsed the consensus, and a modified Delphi approach was adopted.

RESULTS: A total of 17 statements were …


"Once I Take That One Bite": The Consideration Of Harm Reduction As A Strategy To Support Dietary Change For Patients With Diabetes, Alexzandra Gentsch, Megan Reed, Amy Cunningham, Anna Marie Chang, Stephanie Kahn, Danielle Kovalsky, Amanda Doty, Geoffrey Mills, Judd Hollander, Kristin Rising Jan 2024

"Once I Take That One Bite": The Consideration Of Harm Reduction As A Strategy To Support Dietary Change For Patients With Diabetes, Alexzandra Gentsch, Megan Reed, Amy Cunningham, Anna Marie Chang, Stephanie Kahn, Danielle Kovalsky, Amanda Doty, Geoffrey Mills, Judd Hollander, Kristin Rising

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Despite well-established guidelines to treat diabetes, many people with diabetes struggle to manage their disease. For many, this struggle is related to challenges achieving nutrition-related lifestyle changes. We examined how people with diabetes describe barriers to maintaining a healthy diet and considered the benefits of using a harm reduction approach to assist patients to achieve nutrition-related goals.

METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of 89 interviews conducted with adults who had type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Interviews were analyzed using a content analysis approach. Themes regarding food or diet were initially captured in a "food" node. Data in …


Breast Cancer Incidence Among Us Women Aged 20 To 49 Years By Race, Stage, And Hormone Receptor Status, Shuai Xu, Sara Murtagh, Yunan Han, Fei Wan, Adetunji T Toriola Jan 2024

Breast Cancer Incidence Among Us Women Aged 20 To 49 Years By Race, Stage, And Hormone Receptor Status, Shuai Xu, Sara Murtagh, Yunan Han, Fei Wan, Adetunji T Toriola

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Breast cancer in young women has a less favorable prognosis compared with older women. Yet, comprehensive data on recent trends and how period and cohort effects may affect these trends among young women are not well-known.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate breast cancer incidence among young women in the US over a 20-year period by race and ethnicity, hormone receptor status (estrogen receptor [ER] and progesterone receptor [PR]), tumor stage, and age at diagnosis, as well as how period and cohort effects may affect these trends.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional study used data from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results …


Implications Of Preoperative Depression For Lumbar Spine Surgery Outcomes: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Saad Javeed, Braeden Benedict, Salim Yakdan, Samia Saleem, Justin K Zhang, Kathleen Botterbush, Madelyn R Frumkin, Angela Hardi, Brian Neuman, Jay F Piccirillo, Burel R Goodin, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Wilson Z Ray, Jacob K Greenberg, Et Al. Jan 2024

Implications Of Preoperative Depression For Lumbar Spine Surgery Outcomes: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Saad Javeed, Braeden Benedict, Salim Yakdan, Samia Saleem, Justin K Zhang, Kathleen Botterbush, Madelyn R Frumkin, Angela Hardi, Brian Neuman, Jay F Piccirillo, Burel R Goodin, Thomas L Rodebaugh, Wilson Z Ray, Jacob K Greenberg, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Comorbid depression is common among patients with degenerative lumbar spine disease. Although a well-researched topic, the evidence of the role of depression in spine surgery outcomes remains inconclusive.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between preoperative depression and patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) after lumbar spine surgery.

DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, Scopus, PsychInfo, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.gov was performed from database inception to September 14, 2023.

STUDY SELECTION: Included studies involved adults undergoing lumbar spine surgery and compared PROMs in patients with vs those without depression. Studies evaluating the correlation between …


Evaluation And Treatment Of Central Auditory Processing And Sound Tolerance Disorders, Aaliyah Gladney, Antony Joseph Jan 2024

Evaluation And Treatment Of Central Auditory Processing And Sound Tolerance Disorders, Aaliyah Gladney, Antony Joseph

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Abstract 1

Introduction: Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) affects how a listener understands speech even though their peripheral auditory system is intact. Case Presentation: An adult female was seen for a CAPD evaluation after experiencing recent listening difficulties following an automobile accident while 20 weeks pregnant. Results from a comprehensive audiological evaluation revealed audiometrically normal hearing in both ears. Results from the CAPD evaluation suggested a prosodic deficit. Discussion: Although results from testing were consistent with a prosodic deficit, the patient’s case history, original complaints, and recommendations were more consistent with an integration deficit. Conclusion: This case demonstrates that clinicians …


Responsive Neurostimulation For People With Drug-Resistant Epilepsy And Autism Spectrum Disorder, Madeline C. Fields, Emily A. Johnson, John Zempel, Et Al. Jan 2024

Responsive Neurostimulation For People With Drug-Resistant Epilepsy And Autism Spectrum Disorder, Madeline C. Fields, Emily A. Johnson, John Zempel, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have comorbid epilepsy at much higher rates than the general population, and about 30% will be refractory to medication. Patients with drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) should be referred for surgical evaluation, yet many with ASD and DRE are not resective surgical candidates. The aim of this study was to examine the response of this population to the responsive neurostimulator (RNS) System.

METHODS: This multicenter study evaluated patients with ASD and DRE who underwent RNS System placement. Patients were included if they had the RNS System placed for 1 year or more. Seizure reduction and …


Reducing Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injury In An Inpatient Medical-Surgical Telemetry Adult Unit By Educating And Encouraging Basic Wound Care Prior To Wound Care Consult, See Wai (Amy) Kong Dec 2023

Reducing Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injury In An Inpatient Medical-Surgical Telemetry Adult Unit By Educating And Encouraging Basic Wound Care Prior To Wound Care Consult, See Wai (Amy) Kong

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: A medical center in the Diablo Service Area had one of the highest rates in hospital-acquired pressure injury (HAPI), benchmarking with other facilities, with the project unit one of the top offenders. The patients and the medical center both suffered from the harm. Barriers to HAPI prevention included lack of patient turnings, skin assessment, and early standard wound care treatment.

Context: This project focused on the primary care team standardizing early wound care treatment to avoid wound progression.

Interventions: Interventions included re-educating the primary care team on early basic wound care using a standard wound care guideline created by …


Overall Survival Of Patients With Chl Who Progress After Autologous Stem Cell Transplant: Results In The Novel Agent Era, Sanjal H Desai, Brad Kahl, Raya Saba, Et Al. Dec 2023

Overall Survival Of Patients With Chl Who Progress After Autologous Stem Cell Transplant: Results In The Novel Agent Era, Sanjal H Desai, Brad Kahl, Raya Saba, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

In the pre-novel agent era, the median postprogression overall survival (PPS) of patients with classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) who progress after autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) was 2 to 3 years. Recently, checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) and brentuximab vedotin (BV) have improved the depth and durability of response in this population. Here, we report the estimate of PPS in patients with relapsed cHL after ASCT in the era of CPI and BV. In this multicenter retrospective study of 15 participating institutions, adult patients with relapsed cHL after ASCT were included. Study objective was postprogression overall survival (PPS), defined as the time …


A Multilevel Mhealth Intervention Boosts Adherence To Hydroxyurea In Individuals With Sickle Cell Disease, Jane S Hankins, Allison A King, Ana A Baumann, Lisa M Klesges, Et Al. Dec 2023

A Multilevel Mhealth Intervention Boosts Adherence To Hydroxyurea In Individuals With Sickle Cell Disease, Jane S Hankins, Allison A King, Ana A Baumann, Lisa M Klesges, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Hydroxyurea reduces sickle cell disease (SCD) complications, but medication adherence is low. We tested 2 mobile health (mHealth) interventions targeting determinants of low adherence among patients (InCharge Health) and low prescribing among providers (HU Toolbox) in a multi-center, non-randomized trial of individuals with SCD ages 15-45. We compared the percentage of days covered (PDC), labs, healthcare utilization, and self-reported pain over 24 weeks of intervention and 12 weeks post-study with a 24-week preintervention interval. We enrolled 293 patients (51% male; median age 27.5 years, 86.8% HbSS/HbSβ0-thalassemia). The mean change in PDC among 235 evaluable subjects increased (39.7% to 56.0%; P < 0.001) and sustained (39.7% to 51.4%, P < 0.001). Mean HbF increased (10.95% to 12.78%; P = 0.03). Self-reported pain frequency reduced (3.54 to 3.35 events/year; P = 0.041). InCharge Health was used ≥1 day by 199 of 235 participants (84.7% implementation; median usage: 17% study days; IQR: 4.8-45.8%). For individuals with ≥1 baseline admission for pain, admissions per 24 weeks declined from baseline through 24 weeks (1.97 to 1.48 events/patient, P = 0.0045) and weeks 25-36 (1.25 events/patient, P = 0.0015). PDC increased with app use (P < 0.001), with the greatest effect in those with private insurance (P = 0.0078), older subjects (P = 0.033), and those with lower pain interference (P = 0.0012). Of the 89 providers (49 hematologists, 36 advanced care providers, 4 unreported), only 11.2% used HU Toolbox ≥1/month on average. This use did not affect change in PDC. Tailoring mHealth solutions to address barriers to hydroxyurea adherence can potentially improve adherence and provide clinical benefits. A definitive randomized study is warranted. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT04080167.


Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients With Pregnancy-Related End-Stage Kidney Disease., Lauren Kucirka, Ana Angarita, Tracy Manuck, Kim Boggess, Vimal Derebail, Mollie Wood, Michelle Meyer, Dorry Segev, Monica Reynolds Dec 2023

Characteristics And Outcomes Of Patients With Pregnancy-Related End-Stage Kidney Disease., Lauren Kucirka, Ana Angarita, Tracy Manuck, Kim Boggess, Vimal Derebail, Mollie Wood, Michelle Meyer, Dorry Segev, Monica Reynolds

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: The incidence of pregnancy-related acute kidney injury is increasing and is associated with significant maternal morbidity including progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). Little is known about characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients who develop pregnancy-related ESKD.

OBJECTIVES: To examine the characteristics and clinical outcomes of patients with pregnancy-related ESKD and to investigate associations between pre-ESKD nephrology care and outcomes.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a cohort study of 183 640 reproductive-aged women with incident ESKD between January 1, 2000, and November 20, 2020, from the US Renal Data System and maternal data from births captured in the …


Diroximel Fumarate In Patients With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: Final Safety And Efficacy Results From The Phase 3 Evolve-Ms-1 Study, Barry A Singer, Robert T Naismith, Et Al. Dec 2023

Diroximel Fumarate In Patients With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: Final Safety And Efficacy Results From The Phase 3 Evolve-Ms-1 Study, Barry A Singer, Robert T Naismith, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Diroximel fumarate (DRF) is approved for adults with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) in Europe and for relapsing forms of MS in the United States. DRF and dimethyl fumarate (DMF) yield bioequivalent exposure of the active metabolite monomethyl fumarate. Prior studies indicated fewer gastrointestinal (GI)-related adverse events (AEs) with DRF compared with DMF.

OBJECTIVE: To report final outcomes from EVOLVE-MS-1.

METHODS: EVOLVE-MS-1 was an open-label, 96-week, phase 3 study assessing DRF safety, tolerability, and efficacy in patients with RRMS. The primary endpoint was safety and tolerability; efficacy endpoints were exploratory.

RESULTS: Overall, 75.7% (800/1057) of patients completed the study; median …


Leukocyte Cell-Derived Chemotaxin 2 Correlates With Pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Diego Paine-Cabrera, Lisa Harvey, Dakota R. Robarts, Michele T. Pritchard, John Thyfault, Steven A. Weinman, Udayan Apte, Voytek Slowik Dec 2023

Leukocyte Cell-Derived Chemotaxin 2 Correlates With Pediatric Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease., Diego Paine-Cabrera, Lisa Harvey, Dakota R. Robarts, Michele T. Pritchard, John Thyfault, Steven A. Weinman, Udayan Apte, Voytek Slowik

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), newly renamed metabolic dysfunction-associated liver disease (MASLD), is a leading cause of liver disease in children and adults. There is a paucity of data surrounding potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets, especially in pediatric NAFLD. Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a chemokine associated with both liver disease and skeletal muscle insulin resistance. Our aim was to determine associations between LECT2 and common clinical findings of NAFLD in pediatric patients. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to measure serum LECT2 concentrations in children (aged 2-17 years) with and without NAFLD. LECT2 concentrations were then correlated to …


Sex-Associated Differences In Frequencies And Prognostic Impact Of Recurrent Genetic Alterations In Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia (Alliance, Amlcg), Michael Ozga, Geoffrey L Uy, Et Al. Nov 2023

Sex-Associated Differences In Frequencies And Prognostic Impact Of Recurrent Genetic Alterations In Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia (Alliance, Amlcg), Michael Ozga, Geoffrey L Uy, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Clinical outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with demographic and genetic features. Although the associations of acquired genetic alterations with patients' sex have been recently analyzed, their impact on outcome of female and male patients has not yet been comprehensively assessed. We performed mutational profiling, cytogenetic and outcome analyses in 1726 adults with AML (749 female and 977 male) treated on frontline Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology protocols. A validation cohort comprised 465 women and 489 men treated on frontline protocols of the German AML Cooperative Group. Compared with men, women more often had normal …


Clinical And Dosimetric Impact Of 2d Kv Motion Monitoring And Intervention In Liver Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy., Andrew Santoso, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Tyler Robin, Karyn Goodman, Tracey Schefter, Moyed Miften, Bernard Jones Nov 2023

Clinical And Dosimetric Impact Of 2d Kv Motion Monitoring And Intervention In Liver Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy., Andrew Santoso, Yevgeniy Vinogradskiy, Tyler Robin, Karyn Goodman, Tracey Schefter, Moyed Miften, Bernard Jones

Department of Radiation Oncology Faculty Papers

PURPOSE: Positional errors resulting from motion are a principal challenge across all disease sites in radiation therapy. This is particularly pertinent when treating lesions in the liver with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). To achieve dose escalation and margin reduction for liver SBRT, kV real-time imaging interventions may serve as a potential solution. In this study, we report results of a retrospective cohort of liver patients treated using real-time 2D kV-image guidance SBRT with emphasis on the impact of (1) clinical workflow, (2) treatment accuracy, and (3) tumor dose.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Data from 33 patients treated with 41 courses …


Angiotensin Ii In Liver Transplantation (Anglt-1): Protocol Of A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial., Michael Bokoch, Amy Tran, Erika Brinson, Sivan Marcus, Meghana Reddy, Elizabeth Sun, Garrett Roll, Manuel Pardo, Scott Fields, Dieter Adelmann, Rishi Kothari, Matthieu Legrand Nov 2023

Angiotensin Ii In Liver Transplantation (Anglt-1): Protocol Of A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial., Michael Bokoch, Amy Tran, Erika Brinson, Sivan Marcus, Meghana Reddy, Elizabeth Sun, Garrett Roll, Manuel Pardo, Scott Fields, Dieter Adelmann, Rishi Kothari, Matthieu Legrand

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: Catecholamine vasopressors such as norepinephrine are the standard drugs used to maintain mean arterial pressure during liver transplantation. At high doses, catecholamines may impair organ perfusion. Angiotensin II is a peptide vasoconstrictor that may improve renal perfusion pressure and glomerular filtration rate, a haemodynamic profile that could reduce acute kidney injury. Angiotensin II is approved for vasodilatory shock but has not been rigorously evaluated for treatment of hypotension during liver transplantation. The objective is to assess the efficacy of angiotensin II as a second-line vasopressor infusion during liver transplantation. This trial will establish the efficacy of angiotensin II in …


Association Between Microbiome And The Development Of Adverse Posttraumatic Neuropsychiatric Sequelae After Traumatic Stress Exposure, Abigail L Zeamer, Stacey L House, Et Al. Nov 2023

Association Between Microbiome And The Development Of Adverse Posttraumatic Neuropsychiatric Sequelae After Traumatic Stress Exposure, Abigail L Zeamer, Stacey L House, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Patients exposed to trauma often experience high rates of adverse post-traumatic neuropsychiatric sequelae (APNS). The biological mechanisms promoting APNS are currently unknown, but the microbiota-gut-brain axis offers an avenue to understanding mechanisms as well as possibilities for intervention. Microbiome composition after trauma exposure has been poorly examined regarding neuropsychiatric outcomes. We aimed to determine whether the gut microbiomes of trauma-exposed emergency department patients who develop APNS have dysfunctional gut microbiome profiles and discover potential associated mechanisms. We performed metagenomic analysis on stool samples (n = 51) from a subset of adults enrolled in the Advancing Understanding of RecOvery afteR traumA …


Association Between Microbiome And The Development Of Adverse Posttraumatic Neuropsychiatric Sequelae After Traumatic Stress Exposure, Abigail L. Zeamer, Marie-Claire Salive, Xinming An, Francesca L. Beaudoin, Stacey L. House, Jennifer S. Stevens, Donglin Zeng, Thomas C. Neylan, Gari D. Clifford, Sarah D. Linnstaedt, Scott L. Rauch, Alan B. Storrow, Christopher Lewandowski, Paul I. Musey, Phyllis L. Hendry, Sophia Sheikh, Christopher W. Jones, Brittany E. Punches, Robert A. Swor, Lauren A. Hudak, Jose L. Pascual, Mark J. Seamon, Erica Harris, Claire Pearson, David A. Peak, Roland C. Merchant, Robert M. Domeier, Niels K. Rathlev, Brian J. O'Neil, Paulina Sergot, Leon D. Sanchez, Steven E. Bruce, Ronald C. Kessler, Karestan C. Koenen, Samuel A. Mclean, Vanni Bucci, John P. Haran Nov 2023

Association Between Microbiome And The Development Of Adverse Posttraumatic Neuropsychiatric Sequelae After Traumatic Stress Exposure, Abigail L. Zeamer, Marie-Claire Salive, Xinming An, Francesca L. Beaudoin, Stacey L. House, Jennifer S. Stevens, Donglin Zeng, Thomas C. Neylan, Gari D. Clifford, Sarah D. Linnstaedt, Scott L. Rauch, Alan B. Storrow, Christopher Lewandowski, Paul I. Musey, Phyllis L. Hendry, Sophia Sheikh, Christopher W. Jones, Brittany E. Punches, Robert A. Swor, Lauren A. Hudak, Jose L. Pascual, Mark J. Seamon, Erica Harris, Claire Pearson, David A. Peak, Roland C. Merchant, Robert M. Domeier, Niels K. Rathlev, Brian J. O'Neil, Paulina Sergot, Leon D. Sanchez, Steven E. Bruce, Ronald C. Kessler, Karestan C. Koenen, Samuel A. Mclean, Vanni Bucci, John P. Haran

Einstein Health Papers

Patients exposed to trauma often experience high rates of adverse post-traumatic neuropsychiatric sequelae (APNS). The biological mechanisms promoting APNS are currently unknown, but the microbiota-gut-brain axis offers an avenue to understanding mechanisms as well as possibilities for intervention. Microbiome composition after trauma exposure has been poorly examined regarding neuropsychiatric outcomes. We aimed to determine whether the gut microbiomes of trauma-exposed emergency department patients who develop APNS have dysfunctional gut microbiome profiles and discover potential associated mechanisms. We performed metagenomic analysis on stool samples (n = 51) from a subset of adults enrolled in the Advancing Understanding of RecOvery afteR traumA …


Pharmacokinetics And Safety Of A Single Dose Of Telavancin In Pediatric Subjects 2-17 Years Of Age., John S. Bradley, Jennifer Goldman, Laura P. James, Byron Kaelin, Breanne H Y Gibson, Antonio Arrieta Nov 2023

Pharmacokinetics And Safety Of A Single Dose Of Telavancin In Pediatric Subjects 2-17 Years Of Age., John S. Bradley, Jennifer Goldman, Laura P. James, Byron Kaelin, Breanne H Y Gibson, Antonio Arrieta

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Antimicrobial resistance increases infection morbidity in both adults and children, necessitating the development of new therapeutic options. Telavancin, an antibiotic approved in the United States for certain bacterial infections in adults, has not been examined in pediatric patients. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the short-term safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single intravenous infusion of telavancin in pediatric patients. Single-dose safety and PK of 10 mg/kg telavancin was investigated in pediatric subjects >12 months to ≤17 years of age with known or suspected bacterial infection. Plasma was collected up to 24-h post-infusion and analyzed for concentrations of …


Harmonization Of Multi-Site Diffusion Tensor Imaging Data For Cervical And Thoracic Spinal Cord At 1.5 T And 3 T Using Longitudinal Combat, Devon M. Middleton, Yutong Li, Andrew Chen, Russell Shinohara, Joshua Fisher, Laura Krisa, Mark Elliot, Scott H. Faro, John H. Woo, Adam E. Flanders, Feroze B. Mohamed Nov 2023

Harmonization Of Multi-Site Diffusion Tensor Imaging Data For Cervical And Thoracic Spinal Cord At 1.5 T And 3 T Using Longitudinal Combat, Devon M. Middleton, Yutong Li, Andrew Chen, Russell Shinohara, Joshua Fisher, Laura Krisa, Mark Elliot, Scott H. Faro, John H. Woo, Adam E. Flanders, Feroze B. Mohamed

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

MRI scanner hardware, field strengths, and sequence parameters are major variables in diffusion studies of the spinal cord. Reliability between scanners is not well known, particularly for the thoracic cord. DTI data was collected for the entire cervical and thoracic spinal cord in thirty healthy adult subjects with different MR vendors and field strengths. DTI metrics were extracted and averaged for all slices within each vertebral level. Metrics were examined for variability and then harmonized using longitudinal ComBat (longComBat). Four scanners were used: Siemens 3 T Prisma, Siemens 1.5 T Avanto, Philips 3 T Ingenia, Philips 1.5 T Achieva. Average …


Ten Steps Toward Improving In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Quality Of Care And Outcomes, Brahmajee K. Nallamothu, Robert Greif, Theresa Anderson, Huba Atiq, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Julie Considine, Allan R De Caen, Therese Djärv, Ann Doll, Matthew J. Douma Nov 2023

Ten Steps Toward Improving In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Quality Of Care And Outcomes, Brahmajee K. Nallamothu, Robert Greif, Theresa Anderson, Huba Atiq, Thomaz Bittencourt Couto, Julie Considine, Allan R De Caen, Therese Djärv, Ann Doll, Matthew J. Douma

Department of Anaesthesia

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Joint Mobilization And Movement Pattern Training For Patients With Hip-Related Groin Pain: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial, Marcie Harris-Hayes, Patricia Zorn, Karen Steger-May, Megan M Burgess, Rebecca D Demargel, Suzanne Kuebler, John Clohisy, Simon Haroutounian Nov 2023

Comparison Of Joint Mobilization And Movement Pattern Training For Patients With Hip-Related Groin Pain: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial, Marcie Harris-Hayes, Patricia Zorn, Karen Steger-May, Megan M Burgess, Rebecca D Demargel, Suzanne Kuebler, John Clohisy, Simon Haroutounian

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of completing a randomized clinical trial (RCT) and examine the preliminary effects of 2 interventions for hip-related groin pain (HRGP).

METHODS: In this pilot RCT, patients with HRGP, who were 18 to 40 years old, were randomized (1:1 ratio) to a joint mobilization (JtMob) group or a movement pattern training (MoveTrain) group. Both treatments included 10 supervised sessions and a home exercise program. The goal of JtMob was to reduce pain and improve mobility through peripherally and centrally mediated pain mechanisms. The key element was physical therapist-provided JtMob. The …


Regional Vulnerability Indices In Youth With Persistent And Distressing Psychoticlike Experiences, Nicole R Karcher, Hailey Modi, Peter Kochunov, Si Gao, Deanna M Barch Nov 2023

Regional Vulnerability Indices In Youth With Persistent And Distressing Psychoticlike Experiences, Nicole R Karcher, Hailey Modi, Peter Kochunov, Si Gao, Deanna M Barch

2020-Current year OA Pubs

IMPORTANCE: Distressing and persistent psychoticlike experiences (PLEs) in youth are associated with greater odds of developing psychiatric conditions in adulthood. Despite this risk, it is unclear whether early PLEs show similar brain patterns compared with adults with psychiatric and neurologic conditions.

OBJECTIVE: To examine the degree to which persistent and distressing PLEs exhibit neural metrics that show similarity to adults with chronic psychiatric and neurologic conditions.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study used Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study examining the persistence and distress associated with PLEs across the first 3 waves of data with baseline structural magnetic resonance …


Plain Language Summary Of The Topaz-1 Study: Durvalumab And Chemotherapy For Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer, Do-Youn Oh, Benjamin Tan, Et Al. Nov 2023

Plain Language Summary Of The Topaz-1 Study: Durvalumab And Chemotherapy For Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer, Do-Youn Oh, Benjamin Tan, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

WHAT IS THIS SUMMARY ABOUT?: This is a summary describing the results of a Phase III study called TOPAZ-1. The study looked at treatment with durvalumab (a type of immunotherapy) and chemotherapy to treat participants with advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC). Advanced BTC is usually diagnosed at late stages of disease, when it cannot be cured by surgery. This study included participants with advanced BTC who had not received previous treatment, or had their cancer come back at least 6 months after receiving treatment or surgery that aimed to cure their disease. Participants received treatment with durvalumab and chemotherapy or …


Humoral Immune Response To Covid-19 Mrna Vaccines In Patients With Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis Treated With Ofatumumab, Amit Bar-Or, Rany Aburashed, Angel R Chinea, Barry A Hendin, Elisabeth Lucassen, Xiangyi Meng, James Stankiewicz, Mark J Tullman, Anne H Cross Nov 2023

Humoral Immune Response To Covid-19 Mrna Vaccines In Patients With Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis Treated With Ofatumumab, Amit Bar-Or, Rany Aburashed, Angel R Chinea, Barry A Hendin, Elisabeth Lucassen, Xiangyi Meng, James Stankiewicz, Mark J Tullman, Anne H Cross

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: There are limited data available regarding the impact of ofatumumab, an anti-CD20 B-cell-depleting monoclonal antibody for relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS), on vaccination response. The study objective was to assess humoral immune response (HIR) to non-live coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccination in patients with RMS treated with ofatumumab.

METHODS: This was an open-label, single-arm, multicenter, prospective pilot study of patients with RMS aged 18-55 years who received 2 or 3 doses of a COVID-19 mRNA vaccine after ≥1 month of subcutaneous ofatumumab (20 mg/month) treatment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving HIR, as defined …


Early Closure Of Colostomy From Abdominal Trauma May Be Beneficial In Otherwise Healthy Patients, Nicole Xu Oct 2023

Early Closure Of Colostomy From Abdominal Trauma May Be Beneficial In Otherwise Healthy Patients, Nicole Xu

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising

Khalid MS, Moeen S, Khan AW, Arshad R, Khan AF. Same admission colostomy closure: a prospective, randomised study in selected patient groups. Surgeon. 2005;3(1):11-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/s1479-666x(05)80004-6

for a patient with loop transverse colostomy due to trauma


Targeted Therapy With Nanatinostat And Valganciclovir In Recurrent Ebv-Positive Lymphoid Malignancies: A Phase 1b/2 Study, Bradley Haverkos, Onder Alpdogan, Robert Baiocchi, Jonathan E. Brammer, Tatyana A. Feldman, Marcelo Capra, Elizabeth A. Brem, Santosh Nair, Phillip Scheinberg, Juliana Pereira, Leyla Shune, Erel Joffe, Patricia Young, Susan Spruill, Afton Katkov, Robert Mcrae, Ivor Royston, Douglas V. Faller, Lisa Rojkjaer, Pierluigi Porcu Oct 2023

Targeted Therapy With Nanatinostat And Valganciclovir In Recurrent Ebv-Positive Lymphoid Malignancies: A Phase 1b/2 Study, Bradley Haverkos, Onder Alpdogan, Robert Baiocchi, Jonathan E. Brammer, Tatyana A. Feldman, Marcelo Capra, Elizabeth A. Brem, Santosh Nair, Phillip Scheinberg, Juliana Pereira, Leyla Shune, Erel Joffe, Patricia Young, Susan Spruill, Afton Katkov, Robert Mcrae, Ivor Royston, Douglas V. Faller, Lisa Rojkjaer, Pierluigi Porcu

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

Lymphomas are not infrequently associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and EBV positivity is linked to worse outcomes in several subtypes. Nanatinostat is a class-I selective oral histone deacetylase inhibitor that induces the expression of lytic EBV BGLF4 protein kinase in EBV+ tumor cells, activating ganciclovir via phosphorylation, resulting in tumor cell apoptosis. This phase 1b/2 study investigated the combination of nanatinostat with valganciclovir in patients aged ≥18 years with EBV+ lymphomas relapsed/refractory to ≥1 prior systemic therapy with no viable curative treatment options. In the phase 1b part, 25 patients were enrolled into 5 dose escalation cohorts to determine …


Identification Of Dual Strn-Ntrk2 Rearrangements In A High Grade Sarcoma, With Good Clinical Response To First-Line Larotrectinib Therapy, Ruihe Lin, Atrayee Basu Mallick, Zi-Xuan Wang, Phd, Scot Andrew Brown, Bo Lu, Md, Wei Jiang Oct 2023

Identification Of Dual Strn-Ntrk2 Rearrangements In A High Grade Sarcoma, With Good Clinical Response To First-Line Larotrectinib Therapy, Ruihe Lin, Atrayee Basu Mallick, Zi-Xuan Wang, Phd, Scot Andrew Brown, Bo Lu, Md, Wei Jiang

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Among the three NTRK genes, NTRK2 possesses a tremendous structural complexity and involves tumorigenesis of several types of tumors. To date, only STRN and RBPMS are identified in the fusion with NTRK2 in adult soft tissue tumors. More recently, the highly selective Trk tyrosine kinases inhibitors, including larotrectinib and entrectinib, have shown significant efficacy for treating tumors harboring NTRK fusions and were approved by FDA.

CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of sarcoma in a 35-year-old female harboring two STRN-NTRK2 gene fusions, with a good clinical response to first-line larotrectinib treatment. Core biopsy of the 16.5 cm gluteal mass …


Lower Versus Higher Oxygen Targets For Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Xin Cheng, Yu Zhang, Haidong Deng, Yuning Feng, Weelic Chong, Yang Hai, Pengfei Hao, Jialing He, Tiangui Li, Liyuan Peng, Peng Wang, Yangchun Xiao, Fang Fang Oct 2023

Lower Versus Higher Oxygen Targets For Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Xin Cheng, Yu Zhang, Haidong Deng, Yuning Feng, Weelic Chong, Yang Hai, Pengfei Hao, Jialing He, Tiangui Li, Liyuan Peng, Peng Wang, Yangchun Xiao, Fang Fang

Student Papers, Posters & Projects

BACKGROUND: Supplemental oxygen is commonly administered to patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, the findings from studies on oxygen targeting for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest are inconclusive. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the impact of lower oxygen target compared with higher oxygen target on patients after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, from inception to February 6, 2023, for randomized controlled trials comparing lower and higher oxygen target in adults (aged ≥ 18 years) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We screened studies and extracted data independently. The primary …