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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

School-Based Development And Implementation Of An Educational Toolkit, Chantel M. Kilford Ms May 2023

School-Based Development And Implementation Of An Educational Toolkit, Chantel M. Kilford Ms

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

The purpose of this evidence-based change in practice is to increase knowledge and confidence among healthcare providers and teachers within a high school setting by providing an educational tool kit about behavioral disorders in children. The disorders that will be focused upon are conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and common co-morbidities of these disorders. There will be education about an appropriate childhood, evidence based mental health assessment tool that assesses childhood mental health, including how to score the tool and interpret the results. Evidence suggests that healthcare providers and teachers are not confident or knowledgeable about identification, assessment, and behavioral …


Creating A Culturally Adaptable Comprehensive Sexuality Education Teacher's Manual, Stephanie Carteciano Apr 2023

Creating A Culturally Adaptable Comprehensive Sexuality Education Teacher's Manual, Stephanie Carteciano

Student Works

Purpose: The purpose of this project was to create a culturally adaptable comprehensive sexual education teacher’s manual by (a) standardizing content using The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) 2018 International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education (CSE), (b) providing evidence-based CSE pedagogy in the form of classroom activities, and (c) including adaptable teaching methods to fit diverse cultural contexts.

Development: The manual lessons were derived from UNESCO’s 2018 International Technical Guidance on Sexuality Education, and the pedagogy followed Anderson and Krathwohl’s revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy. Health information was obtained from various medical and university resources. We surveyed eight …


Identification Of Cancer Related Risk And Protective Factors For American Indian Youth: A Mixed Studies Review, Melanie Nadeau, Kathryn Wise, Vianca Farfan Cuela, Devon Olson, Karan Saravana Jan 2023

Identification Of Cancer Related Risk And Protective Factors For American Indian Youth: A Mixed Studies Review, Melanie Nadeau, Kathryn Wise, Vianca Farfan Cuela, Devon Olson, Karan Saravana

Indigenous Health Faculty Publications

Introduction: Many causes of cancer related morbidity and mortality can be traced back to childhood behaviors. The culmination of cancer related risk and protective factors impacting the health and wellbeing of American Indian youth is unknown. The aim of this Mixed Studies Review was to identify cancer related risk and protective factors among American Indian youth. Results will be shared with Tribal communities to inform surveillance efforts.

Methods: A Mixed Studies Review process was deemed most appropriate for the search process and data collection. 7 databases were included in the search along with 3 databases that were hand searched. Google …


Nasal Accumulation And Metabolism Of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Following Aerosol (‘Vaping’) Administration In An Adolescent Rat Model, Alexa Torrens, Christina M Ruiz, Maricela X Martinez, Alex Mabou Tagne, Pritam Roy, Dakota Grimes, Faizy Ahmed, Valeria Lallai, Victoria Inshishian, Malia Bautista, Yen-Chu Chen, Marilyn A. Huestis, Aditi Das, Christie D Fowler, Stephen V Mahler, Daniele Piomelli Jan 2023

Nasal Accumulation And Metabolism Of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Following Aerosol (‘Vaping’) Administration In An Adolescent Rat Model, Alexa Torrens, Christina M Ruiz, Maricela X Martinez, Alex Mabou Tagne, Pritam Roy, Dakota Grimes, Faizy Ahmed, Valeria Lallai, Victoria Inshishian, Malia Bautista, Yen-Chu Chen, Marilyn A. Huestis, Aditi Das, Christie D Fowler, Stephen V Mahler, Daniele Piomelli

Institute of Emerging Health Professions Faculty Papers

Passive aerosol exposure to Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in laboratory animals results in faster onset of action and less extensive liver metabolism compared to most other administration routes and might thus provide an ecologically relevant model of human cannabis inhalation. Previous studies have, however, overlooked the possibility that rodents, as obligate nose breathers, may accumulate aerosolized THC in the nasal cavity, from where the drug might directly diffuse to the brain. To test this, we administered THC (ten 5-s puffs of 100 mg/mL of THC) to adolescent (31-day-old) Sprague-Dawley rats of both sexes. We used liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry to quantify the …


Associations Between Mental Health And Hiv Status Among Sexual Minority And Heterosexual Adolescents In Nigeria, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Olakunle Oginni, Olanrewaju Ibikunle Ibigbami, Uma Philip, Nserd Ntonoba Mfam, Chinedu Mbam, Amos Ganyam, Agada A Salem, Christopher Osuji, Cory Bradley, Joanne Lusher, Nadia Adjoa Sam-Agudu Dec 2022

Associations Between Mental Health And Hiv Status Among Sexual Minority And Heterosexual Adolescents In Nigeria, Morenike Oluwatoyin Folayan, Olakunle Oginni, Olanrewaju Ibikunle Ibigbami, Uma Philip, Nserd Ntonoba Mfam, Chinedu Mbam, Amos Ganyam, Agada A Salem, Christopher Osuji, Cory Bradley, Joanne Lusher, Nadia Adjoa Sam-Agudu

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine associations between the mental health status of adolescents by self-reported sexual identity; and to determine associations between the mental health status of sexual minority adolescents living with and without HIV.

METHODS: This cross-sectional study collected data from Nigerians aged 13-19 years old using an online survey. We collected information on dependent (sexual identity) and independent (presence of depressive symptoms, generalised anxiety disorder, suicidal attempt/ideation, HIV status) study variables. A multivariate regression model determined associations between the dependent and independent variables. A second multivariate regression model was developed to establish associations between HIV status among sexual …


Topics And Sentiment Surrounding Vaping On Twitter And Reddit During The 2019 E-Cigarette And Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury Outbreak: Comparative Study, Dezhi Wu, Erin Kasson, Avineet Kumar Singh, Yang Ren, Nina Kaiser, Ming Huang, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg Dec 2022

Topics And Sentiment Surrounding Vaping On Twitter And Reddit During The 2019 E-Cigarette And Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury Outbreak: Comparative Study, Dezhi Wu, Erin Kasson, Avineet Kumar Singh, Yang Ren, Nina Kaiser, Ming Huang, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Vaping or e-cigarette use has become dramatically more popular in the United States in recent years. e-Cigarette and vaping use-associated lung injury (EVALI) cases caused an increase in hospitalizations and deaths in 2019, and many instances were later linked to unregulated products. Previous literature has leveraged social media data for surveillance of health topics. Individuals are willing to share mental health experiences and other personal stories on social media platforms where they feel a sense of community, reduced stigma, and empowerment.

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare vaping-related content on 2 popular social media platforms (ie, Twitter and Reddit) …


Cultural And Contextual Adaptation Of Mental Health Measures In Kenya: An Adolescent-Centered Transcultural Adaptation Of Measures Study, Vincent Nyongesa, Shillah Mwaniga, Joseph Kathono, Obadia Yator, Beatrice Madeghe, Sarah Kanana, Beatrice Amugune, Naomi Anyango, Darius Nyamai, Manasi Kumar Dec 2022

Cultural And Contextual Adaptation Of Mental Health Measures In Kenya: An Adolescent-Centered Transcultural Adaptation Of Measures Study, Vincent Nyongesa, Shillah Mwaniga, Joseph Kathono, Obadia Yator, Beatrice Madeghe, Sarah Kanana, Beatrice Amugune, Naomi Anyango, Darius Nyamai, Manasi Kumar

Brain and Mind Institute

Introduction: There is paucity of culturally adapted tools for assessing depression and anxiety in children and adolescents in low-and middle-income countries. This hinders early detection, provision of appropriate and culturally acceptable interventions. In a partnership with the University of Nairobi, Nairobi County, Kenyatta National Hospital, and UNICEF, a rapid cultural adaptation of three adolescent mental health scales was done, i.e., Revised Children’s Anxiety and Depression Scale, Patient Health Questionnaire-9 and additional scales in the UNICEF mental health module for adolescents.

Materials and methods: Using a qualitative approach, we explored adolescent participants’ views on cultural acceptability, comprehensibility, relevance, and completeness of …


Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol Dec 2022

Association Of Initial Sars-Cov-2 Test Positivity With Patient-Reported Well-Being 3 Months After A Symptomatic Illness., Lauren E Wisk, Michael A Gottlieb, Erica S Spatz, Huihui Yu, Ralph C Wang, B. H. Slovis, Sharon Saydah, Ian D Plumb, Kelli N O'Laughlin, Juan Carlos C Montoy, Samuel A Mcdonald, Zhenqiu Lin, Jin-Mann S Lin, Katherine Koo, Ahamed H Idris, Ryan M Huebinger, Mandy J Hill, Nicole L Gentile, Anna Marie Chang, Jill Anderson, Bala Hota, Arjun K Venkatesh, Robert A Weinstein, Joann G Elmore, Graham Nichol

Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: Long-term sequelae after symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection may impact well-being, yet existing data primarily focus on discrete symptoms and/or health care use.

OBJECTIVE: To compare patient-reported outcomes of physical, mental, and social well-being among adults with symptomatic illness who received a positive vs negative test result for SARS-CoV-2 infection.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This cohort study was a planned interim analysis of an ongoing multicenter prospective longitudinal registry study (the Innovative Support for Patients With SARS-CoV-2 Infections Registry [INSPIRE]). Participants were enrolled from December 11, 2020, to September 10, 2021, and comprised adults (aged ≥18 years) with acute symptoms suggestive …


Impact Of Diabetes Status And Related Factors On Covid-19-Associated Hospitalization: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study Of 116,370 Adults With Sars-Cov-2 Infection., Erin M. Tallon, Osagie Ebekozien, Janine Sanchez, Vincent S. Staggs, Diana Ferro, Ryan Mcdonough, Carla Demeterco-Berggren, Sarit Polsky, Patricia Gomez, Neha Patel, Priya Prahalad, Ori Odugbesan, Priyanka Mathias, Joyce M. Lee, Chelsey Smith, Chi-Ren Shyu, Mark A. Clements Dec 2022

Impact Of Diabetes Status And Related Factors On Covid-19-Associated Hospitalization: A Nationwide Retrospective Cohort Study Of 116,370 Adults With Sars-Cov-2 Infection., Erin M. Tallon, Osagie Ebekozien, Janine Sanchez, Vincent S. Staggs, Diana Ferro, Ryan Mcdonough, Carla Demeterco-Berggren, Sarit Polsky, Patricia Gomez, Neha Patel, Priya Prahalad, Ori Odugbesan, Priyanka Mathias, Joyce M. Lee, Chelsey Smith, Chi-Ren Shyu, Mark A. Clements

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Aims: We examined diabetes status (no diabetes; type 1 diabetes [T1D]; type 2 diabetes [T2D]) and other demographic and clinical factors as correlates of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related hospitalization. Further, we evaluated predictors of COVID-19-related hospitalization in T1D and T2D.

Methods: We analyzed electronic health record data from the de-identified COVID-19 database (December 2019 through mid-September 2020; 87 US health systems). Logistic mixed models were used to examine predictors of hospitalization at index encounters associated with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Results: In 116,370 adults ( >=18 years old) with COVID-19 (93,098 no diabetes; 802 T1D; 22,470 T2D), factors that independently increased …


Language Development And Disorders, Sudhin Karuppali Dr. Nov 2022

Language Development And Disorders, Sudhin Karuppali Dr.

Health collection

The field of language development and its disorders is a widely researched area in the field of speech-language pathology. However, language development in the Indian population is vaguely studied, probably because of the diversity of languages and cultures in this country. This has time and again resulted in difficulties in estimating the language levels of children with language impairments, consequently becoming challenging to prepare customized interventional plans. The lack of standardized language assessment tools has always been a concern in clinical practice. This lacuna in establishing accurate language levels has been observed in the adolescent population as well, which is …


Prevalence Of High Blood Pressure Among Youth In India And Association With Future Cardiovascular Disease, Abbas H. Zaidi, Sarah D. De Ferranti Oct 2022

Prevalence Of High Blood Pressure Among Youth In India And Association With Future Cardiovascular Disease, Abbas H. Zaidi, Sarah D. De Ferranti

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


Genetic Testing To Inform Epilepsy Treatment Management From An International Study Of Clinical Practice, Dianalee Mcknight, Ana Morales, Kathryn E. Hatchell, Sara L. Bristow, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Michael Scott Perry, Anne T. Berg, Felippe Borlot, Edward D. Esplin, Chad Moretz, Katie Angione, Loreto Ríos-Pohl, Robert L. Nussbaum, Swaroop Aradhya, Chad R. Haldeman-Englert, Rebecca J. Levy, Venu G. Parachuri, Guillermo Lay-Son, David J. Dávila-Ortiz De Montellano, Miguel Angel Ramirez-Garcia, Edmar O. Benítez Alonso, Julie Ziobro, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Temis M. Felix, Dianne Kulasa-Luke, Andre Megarbane, Shefali Karkare, Sarah L. Chagnon, Jennifer B. Humberson, Melissa J. Assaf, Sebastian Silva, Katherine Zarroli, Oksana Boyarchuk, Gary R. Nelson, Rachel Palmquist, Katherine C. Hammond, Sean T. Hwang, Susan B. Boutlier, Melinda Nolan, Kaitlin Y. Batley, Devraj Chavda, Carlos Alberto Reyes-Silva, Oleksandr Miroshnikov, Britton Zuccarelli, Louise Amlie-Wolf, James W. Wheless, Syndi Seinfeld, Manoj Kanhangad, Jeremy L. Freeman, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Natalia Rodriguez-Vazquez, Monique M. Ryan, Michelle Machie, Patricio Guerra, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Meghan S. Candee, Caleb P. Bupp, Kristen L. Park, Eric Muller, Pamela Lupo, Robert C. Pedersen, Amir M. Arain, Andrea Murphy, Krista Schatz, Weiyi Mu, Paige M. Kalika, Lautaro Plaza, Marissa A. Kellogg, Evelyn G. Lora, Robert P. Carson, Victoria Svystilnyk, Viviana Venegas, Rebecca R. Luke, Huiyuan Jiang, Tetiana Stetsenko, Milagros M. Dueñas-Roque, Joseph Trasmonte, Rebecca J. Burke, Anna C. E. Hurst, Douglas M. Smith, Lauren J. Massingham, Laura Pisani, Carrie E. Costin, Betsy Ostrander, Francis M. Filloux, Amitha L. Ananth, Ismail S. Mohamed, Alla Nechai, Jasmin M. Dao, Michael C. Fahey, Ermal Aliu, Stephen Falchek, Craig A. Press, Lauren Treat, Krista Eschbach, Angela Starks, Ryan Kammeyer, Joshua J. Bear, Mona Jacobson, Veronika Chernuha, Bailey Meibos, Kristen Wong, Matthew T. Sweney, A. Chris Espinoza, Colin B. Van Orman, Arie Weinstock, Ashutosh Kumar, Claudia Soler-Alfonso, Danielle A. Nolan, Muhammad Raza, Miguel David Rojas Carrion, Geetha Chari, Eric D. Marsh, Yael Shiloh-Malawsky, Sumit Parikh, Ernesto Gonzalez-Giraldo, Stephen Fulton, Yoshimi Sogawa, Kaitlyn Burns, Myroslava Malets, Johnny David Montiel Blanco, Christa W. Habela, Carey A. Wilson, Guillermo G. Guzmán, Mariia Pavliuk Oct 2022

Genetic Testing To Inform Epilepsy Treatment Management From An International Study Of Clinical Practice, Dianalee Mcknight, Ana Morales, Kathryn E. Hatchell, Sara L. Bristow, Joshua L. Bonkowsky, Michael Scott Perry, Anne T. Berg, Felippe Borlot, Edward D. Esplin, Chad Moretz, Katie Angione, Loreto Ríos-Pohl, Robert L. Nussbaum, Swaroop Aradhya, Chad R. Haldeman-Englert, Rebecca J. Levy, Venu G. Parachuri, Guillermo Lay-Son, David J. Dávila-Ortiz De Montellano, Miguel Angel Ramirez-Garcia, Edmar O. Benítez Alonso, Julie Ziobro, Adela Chirita-Emandi, Temis M. Felix, Dianne Kulasa-Luke, Andre Megarbane, Shefali Karkare, Sarah L. Chagnon, Jennifer B. Humberson, Melissa J. Assaf, Sebastian Silva, Katherine Zarroli, Oksana Boyarchuk, Gary R. Nelson, Rachel Palmquist, Katherine C. Hammond, Sean T. Hwang, Susan B. Boutlier, Melinda Nolan, Kaitlin Y. Batley, Devraj Chavda, Carlos Alberto Reyes-Silva, Oleksandr Miroshnikov, Britton Zuccarelli, Louise Amlie-Wolf, James W. Wheless, Syndi Seinfeld, Manoj Kanhangad, Jeremy L. Freeman, Susana Monroy-Santoyo, Natalia Rodriguez-Vazquez, Monique M. Ryan, Michelle Machie, Patricio Guerra, Muhammad Jawad Hassan, Meghan S. Candee, Caleb P. Bupp, Kristen L. Park, Eric Muller, Pamela Lupo, Robert C. Pedersen, Amir M. Arain, Andrea Murphy, Krista Schatz, Weiyi Mu, Paige M. Kalika, Lautaro Plaza, Marissa A. Kellogg, Evelyn G. Lora, Robert P. Carson, Victoria Svystilnyk, Viviana Venegas, Rebecca R. Luke, Huiyuan Jiang, Tetiana Stetsenko, Milagros M. Dueñas-Roque, Joseph Trasmonte, Rebecca J. Burke, Anna C. E. Hurst, Douglas M. Smith, Lauren J. Massingham, Laura Pisani, Carrie E. Costin, Betsy Ostrander, Francis M. Filloux, Amitha L. Ananth, Ismail S. Mohamed, Alla Nechai, Jasmin M. Dao, Michael C. Fahey, Ermal Aliu, Stephen Falchek, Craig A. Press, Lauren Treat, Krista Eschbach, Angela Starks, Ryan Kammeyer, Joshua J. Bear, Mona Jacobson, Veronika Chernuha, Bailey Meibos, Kristen Wong, Matthew T. Sweney, A. Chris Espinoza, Colin B. Van Orman, Arie Weinstock, Ashutosh Kumar, Claudia Soler-Alfonso, Danielle A. Nolan, Muhammad Raza, Miguel David Rojas Carrion, Geetha Chari, Eric D. Marsh, Yael Shiloh-Malawsky, Sumit Parikh, Ernesto Gonzalez-Giraldo, Stephen Fulton, Yoshimi Sogawa, Kaitlyn Burns, Myroslava Malets, Johnny David Montiel Blanco, Christa W. Habela, Carey A. Wilson, Guillermo G. Guzmán, Mariia Pavliuk

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

IMPORTANCE: It is currently unknown how often and in which ways a genetic diagnosis given to a patient with epilepsy is associated with clinical management and outcomes.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how genetic diagnoses in patients with epilepsy are associated with clinical management and outcomes.

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of patients referred for multigene panel testing between March 18, 2016, and August 3, 2020, with outcomes reported between May and November 2020. The study setting included a commercial genetic testing laboratory and multicenter clinical practices. Patients with epilepsy, regardless of sociodemographic features, who received a …


Respiratory Virus Surveillance Among Children With Acute Respiratory Illnesses - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, 2016-2021., Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Aaron Curns, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Natasha B. Halasa, Mary Allen Staat, Peter G. Szilagyi, Laura S. Stewart, Monica M. Mcneal, Benjamin Clopper, Yingtao Zhou, Brett L. Whitaker, Elizabeth Lemasters, Elizabeth Harker, Janet A. Englund, Eileen J. Klein, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Christopher J. Harrison, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, John V. Williams, Gayle E. Langley, Susan I. Gerber, Angela Campbell, Aron J. Hall, Brian Rha, Meredith Mcmorrow, New Vaccine Surveillance Network Collaborators Oct 2022

Respiratory Virus Surveillance Among Children With Acute Respiratory Illnesses - New Vaccine Surveillance Network, United States, 2016-2021., Ariana Perez, Joana Y. Lively, Aaron Curns, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Natasha B. Halasa, Mary Allen Staat, Peter G. Szilagyi, Laura S. Stewart, Monica M. Mcneal, Benjamin Clopper, Yingtao Zhou, Brett L. Whitaker, Elizabeth Lemasters, Elizabeth Harker, Janet A. Englund, Eileen J. Klein, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Christopher J. Harrison, Julie A. Boom, Leila C. Sahni, Marian G. Michaels, John V. Williams, Gayle E. Langley, Susan I. Gerber, Angela Campbell, Aron J. Hall, Brian Rha, Meredith Mcmorrow, New Vaccine Surveillance Network Collaborators

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

The New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN) is a prospective, active, population-based surveillance platform that enrolls children with acute respiratory illnesses (ARIs) at seven pediatric medical centers. ARIs are caused by respiratory viruses including influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs), and most recently SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), which result in morbidity among infants and young children (1-6). NVSN estimates the incidence of pathogen-specific pediatric ARIs and collects clinical data (e.g., underlying medical conditions and vaccination status) to assess risk factors for severe disease and calculate influenza and COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness. Current NVSN …


Improving Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Rates In Adolescents: A Quality Improvement Project, Keylea Marenda Harrison, Allyson Neal, Katie Ingram-Willard Oct 2022

Improving Human Papillomavirus Vaccination Rates In Adolescents: A Quality Improvement Project, Keylea Marenda Harrison, Allyson Neal, Katie Ingram-Willard

Graduate Publications and Other Selected Works - Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this quality improvement (QI) project was to implement an evidence-based intervention to improve the HPV vaccine series completion rates in the pediatric primary care setting. The goal of the project was to increase HPV series completion rates in adolescents aged 11 to 12 by 10% within 3 months of implementation of the intervention.

Methods: A multicomponent intervention was implemented at a pediatric primary care office that included a chart review of 11- and 12-year-old adolescents who had received their first and second dose of the HPV vaccine from June 2019 to June 2020 and patients …


Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay Sep 2022

Public Health Information Seeking, Trust, And Covid-19 Prevention Behaviors: Cross-Sectional Study, Emmanuel Kwabena Tetteh, Todd Combs, Elvin Hsing Geng, Virginia Ruth Mckay

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Preventative health measures such as shelter in place and mask wearing have been widely encouraged to curb the spread of the COVID-19 disease. People's attitudes toward preventative behaviors may be dependent on their sources of information and trust in the information.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the relationship between trusting in COVID-19 information and preventative behaviors in a racially and politically diverse metropolitan area in the United States.

METHODS: We conducted a web-based cross-sectional survey of residents in St. Louis City and County in Missouri. Individuals aged ≥18 years were eligible to participate. Participants were …


Pregnancy Outcomes Related To The Treatment Of Sarcomas With Anthracyclines And/Or Ifosfamide During Pregnancy, Devon Miller, John A Livingston, Yeonhee Park, Kristi Posey, Sonia Godbole, Keith Skubitz, Steven I Robinson, Mark Agulnik, Lara E Davis, Brian A Van Tine, Angela C Hirbe, Amanda Parkes Sep 2022

Pregnancy Outcomes Related To The Treatment Of Sarcomas With Anthracyclines And/Or Ifosfamide During Pregnancy, Devon Miller, John A Livingston, Yeonhee Park, Kristi Posey, Sonia Godbole, Keith Skubitz, Steven I Robinson, Mark Agulnik, Lara E Davis, Brian A Van Tine, Angela C Hirbe, Amanda Parkes

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Sarcomas are rare diagnoses but are seen with relative frequency in adolescents and young adults and thus can present in pregnancy. We sought to study the administration of anthracyclines and/or ifosfamide in pregnancy-associated sarcomas.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a multi-institutional retrospective study, identifying sarcoma patients who received anthracyclines and/or ifosfamide during pregnancy. Chart review identified variables related to demographics, cancer diagnosis, therapies, and outcome of the patient and fetus. Wilcoxon rank-sum test compared two independent samples.

RESULTS: We identified 13 patients at seven institutions with sarcoma who received anthracyclines and/or ifosfamide during pregnancy, including four bone sarcomas and …


An Evaluation Of Patient-Reported Outcomes In Sickle Cell Disease Within A Conceptual Model., Marsha J Treadwell, Swapandeep Mushiana, Sherif M Badawy, Liliana Preiss, Allison A King, Barbara Kroner, Yumei Chen, Jeffrey Glassberg, Victor Gordeuk, Nirmish Shah, Angela Snyder, Theodore Wun, Sickle Cell Disease Implementation Consortium (Scdic) Sep 2022

An Evaluation Of Patient-Reported Outcomes In Sickle Cell Disease Within A Conceptual Model., Marsha J Treadwell, Swapandeep Mushiana, Sherif M Badawy, Liliana Preiss, Allison A King, Barbara Kroner, Yumei Chen, Jeffrey Glassberg, Victor Gordeuk, Nirmish Shah, Angela Snyder, Theodore Wun, Sickle Cell Disease Implementation Consortium (Scdic)

2020-Current year OA Pubs

PURPOSE: To examine the relations between patient-reported outcomes (PROs) within a conceptual model for adults with sickle cell disease (SCD) ages 18 - 45 years enrolled in the multi-site Sickle Cell Disease Implementation Consortium (SCDIC) registry. We hypothesized that patient and SCD-related factors, particularly pain, and barriers to care would independently contribute to functioning as measured using PRO domains.

METHODS: Participants (N = 2054) completed a 48-item survey including socio-demographics and PRO measures, e.g., social functioning, pain impact, emotional distress, and cognitive functioning. Participants reported on lifetime SCD complications, pain episode frequency and severity, and barriers to healthcare.

RESULTS: Higher …


A Pilot Randomized Trial To Examine Effects Of A Hybrid Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery System On Neurodevelopmental And Cognitive Outcomes In Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes, Allan L Reiss, Ana Maria Arbelaez, Et Al Aug 2022

A Pilot Randomized Trial To Examine Effects Of A Hybrid Closed-Loop Insulin Delivery System On Neurodevelopmental And Cognitive Outcomes In Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes, Allan L Reiss, Ana Maria Arbelaez, Et Al

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is associated with lower scores on tests of cognitive and neuropsychological function and alterations in brain structure and function in children. This proof-of-concept pilot study (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03428932) examined whether MRI-derived indices of brain development and function and standardized IQ scores in adolescents with T1D could be improved with better diabetes control using a hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery system. Eligibility criteria for participation in the study included age between 14 and 17 years and a diagnosis of T1D before 8 years of age. Randomization to either a hybrid closed-loop or standard diabetes care group was performed …


Location-Specific Psychosocial And Environmental Correlates Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Time In Young Adolescents: Preliminary Evidence For Location-Specific Approaches From A Cross-Sectional Observational Study., Adrian Ortega, Carolina M Bejarano, Christopher C Cushing, Vincent S. Staggs, Amy Papa, Chelsea Steel, Robin P. Shook, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Karen Glanz, Kelli L. Cain, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn, James F. Sallis, Jordan A. Carlson Aug 2022

Location-Specific Psychosocial And Environmental Correlates Of Physical Activity And Sedentary Time In Young Adolescents: Preliminary Evidence For Location-Specific Approaches From A Cross-Sectional Observational Study., Adrian Ortega, Carolina M Bejarano, Christopher C Cushing, Vincent S. Staggs, Amy Papa, Chelsea Steel, Robin P. Shook, Terry L. Conway, Brian E. Saelens, Karen Glanz, Kelli L. Cain, Lawrence D. Frank, Jacqueline Kerr, Jasper Schipperijn, James F. Sallis, Jordan A. Carlson

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background: A better understanding of the extent to which psychosocial and environmental correlates of physical activity are specific to locations would inform intervention optimization.

Purpose: To investigate cross-sectional associations of location-general and location-specific variables with physical activity and sedentary time in three common locations adolescents spend time.

Methods: Adolescents (N = 472,Mage = 14.1,SD = 1.5) wore an accelerometer and global positioning systems (GPS) tracker and self-reported on psychosocial (e.g., self-efficacy) and environmental (e.g., equipment) factors relevant to physical activity and sedentary time. We categorized each survey item based on whether it was specific to a location to generate psychosocial …


Self-Regulation As A Protective Factor For Diabetes Distress And Adherence In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Alison L Miller, Dana K. Albright Phd, Katherine W Bauer, Hurley O Riley, Marisa E Hilliard, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Sharon L Lo, Katy M Clark, Joyce M Lee, Emily M Fredericks Aug 2022

Self-Regulation As A Protective Factor For Diabetes Distress And Adherence In Youth With Type 1 Diabetes During The Covid-19 Pandemic., Alison L Miller, Dana K. Albright Phd, Katherine W Bauer, Hurley O Riley, Marisa E Hilliard, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Sharon L Lo, Katy M Clark, Joyce M Lee, Emily M Fredericks

Health Services and Informatics Research

OBJECTIVE: The COVID-19 pandemic increased economic, social, and health stressors for families, yet its impacts on families of youth with chronic conditions, such as type 1 diabetes (T1D), are not well understood. Self-regulation (SR)-or the capacities to control emotions, cognition, and behavior in response to challenge-is known to support T1D management and coping in the face of stress. Strong SR may have protected youth with T1D from the impacts of pandemic-related stressors. This study compared youth and parent emotional functioning and T1D management before and after the pandemic's onset in relation to family pandemic-related stress and youth SR.

METHODS: Parents …


Adolescents With Depression Capstone Benchmark Project, Myeshia Salter Aug 2022

Adolescents With Depression Capstone Benchmark Project, Myeshia Salter

MSN Capstone Projects

This change project promotes the inclusion of adolescent involvement within the informed consenting process for recommended treatment plans for symptoms of depression. This project proposal will include the adolescent throughout the development of the treatment plan to promote compliance. The incorporation of this plan will encourage autonomy in the adolescent and aid with developing a plan that the adolescent agrees with. The current process does not include the adolescents' desires or opinions, which results in poor efficacy of the treatment plan, thus exacerbating the symptoms of depression.


Factors Influencing Sexuality, Gender And Norms Of Adolescent: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Adolescent In Indonesia, Tantut Susanto, Tirta Amerta Isworo, Dewi Rokhmah Aug 2022

Factors Influencing Sexuality, Gender And Norms Of Adolescent: A Cross-Sectional Study Among Adolescent In Indonesia, Tantut Susanto, Tirta Amerta Isworo, Dewi Rokhmah

Journal of Health Research

Background: The current study explored the factors related to the sexuality, gender, and norms among Indonesian adolescents via structural equation modelling.

Method: A cross-sectional design was performed among 394 adolescents from August to October 2020 in East Java of Indonesia. A self-administered questionnaire measured factors that influenced sexuality, gender, and norms of adolescents. We used smart PLS (Partial Least Squares) to analyze the data.

Results: Two correlations emerge among independent variables, namely sociodemographic of adolescent and knowledge of reproductive health (RH) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (p< 0.001) and sociodemographic of parents and family structure and function of RH (p< 0.001). Sociodemographic of parents (p= 0.003), knowledge of RH and HIV (p= 0.012), and family structure and function of RH (p= 0.006) were directly related to sexuality, gender, and norms of adolescent. Sociodemographic of adolescents (p= 0.031) and parents (p= 0.024) were indirectly related to the sexuality, gender, and norms of adolescent through knowledge of RH and HIV. Our model explains 39.9% of the variance in sexuality, gender, and norms of adolescents.

Conclusion: Factors that influence sexuality, gender, and norms of the adolescent …


Experiences With Menses In Transgender And Gender Nonbinary Adolescents., Beth I. Schwartz, Arielle Effron, Benjamin Bear, Vanessa L Short, Julia Eisenberg, Sarah Felleman, Anne E Kazak Aug 2022

Experiences With Menses In Transgender And Gender Nonbinary Adolescents., Beth I. Schwartz, Arielle Effron, Benjamin Bear, Vanessa L Short, Julia Eisenberg, Sarah Felleman, Anne E Kazak

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe menstrual history, associated dysphoria, and desire for menstrual management in transgender male and gender diverse adolescents who were assigned female at birth

DESIGN: Retrospective chart review

SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital

PARTICIPANTS: All patients seen in a multidisciplinary pediatric gender program from March 2015 through December 2020 who were assigned female at birth, identified as transgender male or gender nonbinary, and had achieved menarche

INTERVENTION: None

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient demographics, menstrual history, interest in and prior experiences with menstrual management, parental support, and concerns about menstrual management

RESULTS: Of the 129 included patients, 116 (90%) …


Firearm-Related Pediatric Head Trauma: A Scoping Review., Ron Gadot, Melissa A Lopresti, David N Smith, Lara Ouellette, Sandi Lam Aug 2022

Firearm-Related Pediatric Head Trauma: A Scoping Review., Ron Gadot, Melissa A Lopresti, David N Smith, Lara Ouellette, Sandi Lam

Library Staff Publications

BACKGROUND: Firearm-related injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric populations. Despite a disproportionate role in the most morbid outcomes in both traumatic brain injury and firearm-related injury populations, firearm-related traumatic brain injury (frTBI) is an understudied epidemiological entity. There is need to increase understanding and promote interventions that reduce this burden of disease.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the evidence characterizing pediatric frTBI to highlight trends and gaps regarding burden of disease and interventions to reduce frTBI.

METHODS: We conducted a scoping review under Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines on peer-reviewed studies …


Reoperative Brachial Plexus Neurolysis After Previous Anatomically Complete Supraclavicular Decompression For Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A 10-Year Single-Center Case Series, Momodou L Jammeh, Alexander Yang, Ahmmad A Abuirqeba, J Westley Ohman, Robert W Thompson Aug 2022

Reoperative Brachial Plexus Neurolysis After Previous Anatomically Complete Supraclavicular Decompression For Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A 10-Year Single-Center Case Series, Momodou L Jammeh, Alexander Yang, Ahmmad A Abuirqeba, J Westley Ohman, Robert W Thompson

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Optimal management of recurrent neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome (NTOS) remains a considerable challenge.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of reoperative brachial plexus neurolysis in patients with recurrent NTOS.

METHODS: From 2009 to 2019, 85 patients underwent reoperative supraclavicular brachial plexus neurolysis for recurrent NTOS after a previous anatomically complete supraclavicular decompression. Data from a prospectively maintained database were analyzed retrospectively.

RESULTS: The mean patient age at reoperation was 36.9 ± 1.3 (range 15-64) years, 75% were female, and the interval after previous primary operation was 2.5 ± 0.2 years. Intervening injury had precipitated recurrent NTOS in 14 …


Graded Variation In T1w/T2w Ratio During Adolescence: Measurement, Caveats, And Implications For Development Of Cortical Myelin, Graham L Baum, John C Flournoy, Matthew F Glasser, Michael P Harms, Patrick Mair, Ashley F P Sanders, Deanna M Barch, Randy L Buckner, Susan Bookheimer, Mirella Dapretto, Stephen Smith, Kathleen M Thomas, Essa Yacoub, David C Van Essen, Leah H Somerville Jul 2022

Graded Variation In T1w/T2w Ratio During Adolescence: Measurement, Caveats, And Implications For Development Of Cortical Myelin, Graham L Baum, John C Flournoy, Matthew F Glasser, Michael P Harms, Patrick Mair, Ashley F P Sanders, Deanna M Barch, Randy L Buckner, Susan Bookheimer, Mirella Dapretto, Stephen Smith, Kathleen M Thomas, Essa Yacoub, David C Van Essen, Leah H Somerville

2020-Current year OA Pubs

Adolescence is characterized by the maturation of cortical microstructure and connectivity supporting complex cognition and behavior. Axonal myelination influences brain connectivity during development by enhancing neural signaling speed and inhibiting plasticity. However, the maturational timing of cortical myelination during human adolescence remains poorly understood. Here, we take advantage of recent advances in high-resolution cortical T1w/T2w mapping methods, including principled correction of B1+ transmit field effects, using data from the Human Connectome Project in Development (HCP-D;


Examination Of The Interaction Between Parental Military-Status And Race Among Non-Hispanic Black And Non-Hispanic White Adolescents With Overweight/Obesity, M K Higgins Neyland, Denise E Wilfley, Et Al. Jul 2022

Examination Of The Interaction Between Parental Military-Status And Race Among Non-Hispanic Black And Non-Hispanic White Adolescents With Overweight/Obesity, M K Higgins Neyland, Denise E Wilfley, Et Al.

2020-Current year OA Pubs

OBJECTIVES: Adolescent military-dependents experience distinct risk and protective factors, which may necessitate additional clinical considerations. In civilian youth, overweight/obesity is associated with eating, internalizing, and externalizing difficulties, with some studies reporting more difficulties among non-Hispanic White (vs. non-Hispanic Black) youth. It is unknown if these disparities exist among adolescent military-dependents, or between civilian and military-dependent youth.

METHODS: Non-Hispanic Black (187 civilian, 38 military-dependent) and non-Hispanic White (205 civilian, 84 military-dependent) adolescents with overweight/obesity (14.7 ± 1.6 years; 73.9% girls; body mass index adjusted for age and sex 1.9 ± 0.5) completed a disordered-eating interview; parents completed a measure assessing their …


Factors Affecting Pathways To Care For Children And Adolescents With Complex Vascular Malformations: Parental Perspectives, Bryan A Sisk, Anna Kerr, Katherine A King Jul 2022

Factors Affecting Pathways To Care For Children And Adolescents With Complex Vascular Malformations: Parental Perspectives, Bryan A Sisk, Anna Kerr, Katherine A King

2020-Current year OA Pubs

BACKGROUND: Complex vascular malformations (VMs) are rare disorders that can cause pain, coagulopathy, disfigurement, asymmetric growth, and disability. Patients with complex VMs experience misdiagnosis, delayed diagnosis, delayed or inappropriate treatments, and worsened health. Given the potential consequences of delaying expert care, we must identify the factors that impede or facilitate this access to care.

RESULTS: We performed semi-structured interviews with 24 parents (21 mothers; 3 fathers; median age = 42.5 years) of children with complex VMs and overgrowth disorders living in the US, recruited through two patient advocacy groups - CLOVES Syndrome Community, and Klippel-Trenaunay Support Group. We performed thematic …


Evaluating Sbirt In A Behavioral Health Urgent Care, Christina L. Williams Jul 2022

Evaluating Sbirt In A Behavioral Health Urgent Care, Christina L. Williams

Dissertations

Background: Adolescent substance use (SU) is a major health concern. Most youth who engage in alcohol and other SU do not meet criteria for SU disorder (SUD). Nonetheless, evidence shows SU during adolescence impacts cognitive, social, and emotional development, increases risk of physical injury, and may progress to SUD in adulthood. Only half of clinicians properly screen adolescents for SU; those identified with SUD often receive no intervention. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based intervention to address this problem. The purpose of this project was to evaluate implementation of SBIRT using CRAFFT 2.1+N, a SU …


Antibody Responses To Sars-Cov-2 After Infection Or Vaccination In Children And Young Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Joelynn Dailey, Lina Kozhaya, Mikail Dogan, Dena Hopkins, Blaine Lapin, Katherine Herbst, Michael Brimacombe, Kristen Grandonico, Fatih Karabacak, John Schreiber, Bruce Tsan-Liang Liang, Juan C Salazar, Derya Unutmaz, Jeffrey S Hyams Jul 2022

Antibody Responses To Sars-Cov-2 After Infection Or Vaccination In Children And Young Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease., Joelynn Dailey, Lina Kozhaya, Mikail Dogan, Dena Hopkins, Blaine Lapin, Katherine Herbst, Michael Brimacombe, Kristen Grandonico, Fatih Karabacak, John Schreiber, Bruce Tsan-Liang Liang, Juan C Salazar, Derya Unutmaz, Jeffrey S Hyams

Faculty Research 2022

BACKGROUND: Characterization of neutralization antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 infection or vaccination in children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receiving biologic therapies is crucial.

METHODS: We performed a prospective longitudinal cohort study evaluating SARS-CoV-2 spike protein receptor binding domain (S-RBD) IgG positivity along with consistent clinical symptoms in patients with IBD receiving infliximab or vedolizumab. Serum was also obtained following immunization with approved vaccines. The IgG antibody to the spike protein binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 was assayed with a fluorescent bead-based immunoassay that takes advantage of the high dynamic range of fluorescent molecules using flow cytometry. A sensitive and …