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2000

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1610

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

New Dimensions Of Economic Well-Being Among People With Mental Illness: Evidence From Healthcare For Communities, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm Jan 2013

New Dimensions Of Economic Well-Being Among People With Mental Illness: Evidence From Healthcare For Communities, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


The Translational Regulation Of Lipoprotein Lipase In Diabetic Rats Involves The 3′-Untranslated Region Of The Lipoprotein Lipase Mrna, Gouri Ranganathan, Chunling Li, Philip A. Kern Dec 2000

The Translational Regulation Of Lipoprotein Lipase In Diabetic Rats Involves The 3′-Untranslated Region Of The Lipoprotein Lipase Mrna, Gouri Ranganathan, Chunling Li, Philip A. Kern

Clinical and Translational Science Faculty Publications

Adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity is decreased in patients with poorly controlled diabetes, and this contributes to the dyslipidemia of diabetes. To study the mechanism of this decrease in LPL, we studied adipose tissue LPL expression in male rats with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Heparin releasable and extractable LPL activity in the epididymal fat decreased by 75-80% in the diabetic group and treatment of the rats with insulin prior to sacrifice reversed this effect. Northern blot analysis indicated no corresponding change in LPL mRNA levels. However, LPL synthetic rate, measured using [35S]methionine pulse labeling, was decreased by 75% in …


What's Happening: December 28, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 28, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


What's Happening: December 20, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 20, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Quarantine And Health Screening Protocols For Wildlife Prior To Translocation And Release Into The Wild, Michael H. Woodford Dec 2000

Quarantine And Health Screening Protocols For Wildlife Prior To Translocation And Release Into The Wild, Michael H. Woodford

Other Publications in Zoonotics and Wildlife Disease

In recent years the translocation and release into the wild of wild-caught and captive-bred wild animals (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish) has become a common practice, ostensibly for rehabilitation or conservation purposes. These wild animals comprise many varied taxa and the objectives of translocation and release may include:
(1) reintroducing a species that has become extinct in its natural range;
(2) restocking or reinforcing a population which has become depleted; and
(3) rehabilitating wild animals and birds which have been illegally captured and subsequently confiscated by Customs or national wildlife authorities. Welfare organizations also receive sick and injured wild …


Teams Of One Playing A Losing Game, Rick Burton Dec 2000

Teams Of One Playing A Losing Game, Rick Burton

Sport Management - All Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Medical Education Digest, Vol. 2 No. 6 (December 15, 2000), Nova Southeastern University Dec 2000

Medical Education Digest, Vol. 2 No. 6 (December 15, 2000), Nova Southeastern University

Medical Education Digest

No abstract provided.


The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee Dec 2000

The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

Reviewing Medicaid match issues since the latter 1980s, this issue brief traces ways in which some states have used creative financing to get more Medicaid matching dollars than they otherwise would qualify for from the federal government. It explores the latest mechanism, states' use of so-called intergovernmental transfers of funds (to avoid established upper payment limits) to increase their matches, triggering efforts by the Senate Finance Committee and the federal Medicaid agency to ban such transfers.


Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy Dec 2000

Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy

NYMC Faculty Publications

Voltage-gated K(+) channels of the Kv3 subfamily have unusual electrophysiological properties, including activation at very depolarized voltages (positive to -10 mV) and very fast deactivation rates, suggesting special roles in neuronal excitability. In the brain, Kv3 channels are prominently expressed in select neuronal populations, which include fast-spiking (FS) GABAergic interneurons of the neocortex, hippocampus, and caudate, as well as other high-frequency firing neurons. Although evidence points to a key role in high-frequency firing, a definitive understanding of the function of these channels has been hampered by a lack of selective pharmacological tools. We therefore generated mouse lines in which one …


Trends. Terrorism, Terror Management, And Faking Mental Disorder, Ibpp Editor Dec 2000

Trends. Terrorism, Terror Management, And Faking Mental Disorder, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article highlights the difficulty of determining if defendants on trial are faking mental disorder. The case in question involves the bombing of United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.


Phosphonated Agents And Their Antiangiogenic And Antitumorigenic Use, Delwood C. Collins, Antonio Gagliardi, Peter Nickel Dec 2000

Phosphonated Agents And Their Antiangiogenic And Antitumorigenic Use, Delwood C. Collins, Antonio Gagliardi, Peter Nickel

Obstetrics and Genecology Faculty Patents

Phosphonic acid agents are synthesized and characterized which are potent inhibitors of angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and metalloproteinase activity. Their method of use for the inhibition of angiogenesis and metalloproteinase and the treatment of tumors is also shown.


Ada News - 12/11/2000, American Dental Association, Publishing Division Dec 2000

Ada News - 12/11/2000, American Dental Association, Publishing Division

ADA News

Established in 1970 as the official newspaper of the American Dental Association, the ADA News serves practicing dentists and others allied to the dental profession in the U.S. and internationally. It is the No. 1 source of news and information about the many benefits and services the ADA delivers to members daily as well as timely information on scientific, social, political and economic developments affecting dentistry and health care.


Family Duty Is More Important Than Rights, Charles Weijer Dec 2000

Family Duty Is More Important Than Rights, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


European Madness And Mad Cow Disease, Ibpp Editor Dec 2000

European Madness And Mad Cow Disease, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some of the psychological factors that might attenuate unadaptive anxieties about the threat of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, mad cow disease.


What's Happening: December 6, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 6, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Final Aiha Report On Semi Project In Kazahkstan, Armin Weinberg Dec 2000

Final Aiha Report On Semi Project In Kazahkstan, Armin Weinberg

Works on Radiation Effects: 1990-2020

An executive summary of the last year of the AIHA supported activities that were supported as a part of the payback (Project Sapphire) for dismantling nuclear weapons in Kurchatov. An extremely meaningful set of mutually agreed upon objectives by both sides served as a solid base to establish a multidimensional effort. See more at Armin Weinberg, PhD Papers and its finding aid.


Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse And Abusive Parenting: The Mediating Role Of Maternal Anger, David Dilillo, George C. Tremblay, Lizette Peterson Dec 2000

Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse And Abusive Parenting: The Mediating Role Of Maternal Anger, David Dilillo, George C. Tremblay, Lizette Peterson

Department of Psychology: Faculty Publications

Objective: This study had two primary objectives: First, to examine the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and later parenting characteristics, particularly physical abuse potential, and second, to explore maternal anger as a mediator of the relationship between CSA and adult physical abuse potential.

Method: Utilized a community sample of low SES participants that included 138 mothers classified as having experienced CSA, and a comparison group of 152 non-sexually abused mothers. Parenting variables examined included the mothers' physical abuse potential, nurturance toward their children, unrealistic developmental expectations of children, as well as frequencies of spanking and general punishment. Data was …


Ryanodine Receptor Adaptation, Michael Fill, A. Zahradníková, Carlos A. Villalba-Galea, I. Zahradník, A. L. Escobar, S. Györke Dec 2000

Ryanodine Receptor Adaptation, Michael Fill, A. Zahradníková, Carlos A. Villalba-Galea, I. Zahradník, A. L. Escobar, S. Györke

School of Pharmacy Faculty Articles

In the heart, depolarization during the action potential activates voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels that mediate a small, localized Ca2+ influx (ICa). This small Ca2+ signal activates specialized Ca2+ release channels, the ryanodine receptors (RyRs), in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). This process is called Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). Intuitively, the CICR process should be self-regenerating because the Ca2+ released from the SR should feedback and activate further SR Ca2+ release. However, the CICR process is precisely controlled in the heart and, consequently, some sort of negative control mechanism(s) must exist to …


Risk Factors And Gender Differentials For Death Among Children Hospitalized With Diarrhoea In Bangladesh, Amal K. Mitra, Mohammad M. Rahman, George J. Fuchs Dec 2000

Risk Factors And Gender Differentials For Death Among Children Hospitalized With Diarrhoea In Bangladesh, Amal K. Mitra, Mohammad M. Rahman, George J. Fuchs

Faculty Publications

To identify risk factors for death among children with diarrhoea, a cohort of 496 children, aged less than 5 years, admitted to the intensive care unit of a diarrhoeal disease hospital in Bangladesh, was studied during November 1992-June 1994, Clinical and laboratory records of children who died and of those who recovered in the hospital were compared, Deaths were significantly higher among those who had altered consciousness, hypoglycaemia, septicaemia, paralytic ileus, toxic colitis, necrotizing enterocolitis, haemolytic-uraemic syndrome, invasive or persistent diarrhoea, dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, and malnutrition, Females experienced a 2-fold higher risk of death than males (p=0.003). Several indices of …


The Effects Of Psychotropic Medication Therapy On The Behaviors Of The Institutionalized Alzheimer's Disease Patient, Mary Beth Mckinneu Dec 2000

The Effects Of Psychotropic Medication Therapy On The Behaviors Of The Institutionalized Alzheimer's Disease Patient, Mary Beth Mckinneu

MSN Research Projects

Alzheimer's disease is a devastating illness that is common among the nursing home population. Treatment for Alzheimer's disease is usually palliative and consists of using psychotropic medications to control aggressive and agitated behaviors exhibited by its victims. The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify behaviors exhibited by Alzheimer's disease patients before and after receiving psychotropic medications. Johnson's Behavioral System Model was used as the theoretical framework for this study. The sample (N = 33) consisted of nursing home residents with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease who were treated with one psychotropic medication. The researcher used chart review to …


The Exploration Of Utilization Of Traditional Chinese Medicine Among People With Spinal Cord Injury In Central Taiwan, Hong-Li Lee, Liu-Ing Bih Dec 2000

The Exploration Of Utilization Of Traditional Chinese Medicine Among People With Spinal Cord Injury In Central Taiwan, Hong-Li Lee, Liu-Ing Bih

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

People with spinal cord injury often asked help to manage the symptoms such as spasticity, inco-ntinence of sphincter or paresthesia with combination of Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine. In order to explore the popularization of, perceived effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine, and difficulty to be faced when utilizing traditional Chinese medicine among people with spinal cord injury in central Taiwan, we collected and analyzed 115 effective questionnaires of them who had ever used Chinese medicine after injury. The results showed: the ways utilizing traditional Chinese medicine most were prescribed Chinese herbs (27.4%), acupuncture (25.6%) and Chinese massage (20.0%), the …


Self-Efficacy In Type 2 Diabetics, Joan M. Hyett Dec 2000

Self-Efficacy In Type 2 Diabetics, Joan M. Hyett

Theses & Dissertations

There are 1.2 million diagnosed diabetics in Texas, 10 % of whom live in Bexar County, Texas. Diabetes is rated as the fifth leading cause of death in the same county. In addition to the diagnosed cases, it is estimated that 125,000 adults in Bexar County have undiagnosed diabetes (Foy, 1999). Diabetic education may prevent complications in some individuals, but sometimes knowledge alone is not enough. Patients often lack motivation or self-confidence in their capacity for self- management of their diabetes. Diabetic educators are often faced with the challenge of not only educating but also motivating patients to be compliant …


Ethics In Academia, Diether Haenicke Dec 2000

Ethics In Academia, Diether Haenicke

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Ethics In Academia, 2000, Wmu Center Of The Study Of Ethics In Society Dec 2000

Ethics In Academia, 2000, Wmu Center Of The Study Of Ethics In Society

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Update - December 2000, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 2000

Update - December 2000, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- The Rule of Double Effect: A Valuable Contemporary Resource
-- Vision of Justice and the Healing of Nations
-- Learn to minister in the clinical setting


Mrnas Encoding Aquaporins Are Present During Murine Preimplantation Development., H Offenberg, L C Barcroft, A Caveney, D Viuff, P D Thomsen, A J Watson Dec 2000

Mrnas Encoding Aquaporins Are Present During Murine Preimplantation Development., H Offenberg, L C Barcroft, A Caveney, D Viuff, P D Thomsen, A J Watson

Obstetrics & Gynaecology Publications

The present study was conducted to investigate the mechanisms underlying fluid movement across the trophectoderm during blastocyst formation by determining whether aquaporins (AQPs) are expressed during early mammalian development. AQPs belong to a family of major intrinsic membrane proteins and function as molecular water channels that allow water to flow rapidly across plasma membranes in the direction of osmotic gradients. Ten different AQPs have been identified to date. Murine preimplantation stage embryos were flushed from the oviducts and uteri of superovulated CD1 mice. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods employing primer sets designed to amplify conserved sequences of AQPs (1-9) …


Walking The Walk --- The Reality Of Ethics In The University Presidency, Elson Floyd Dec 2000

Walking The Walk --- The Reality Of Ethics In The University Presidency, Elson Floyd

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Attachment Of Toxoplasma Gondii To A Specific Membrane Fraction Of Cho Cells, Chaitali Dutta, Jane Grimwood, Lloyd H. Kasper Dec 2000

Attachment Of Toxoplasma Gondii To A Specific Membrane Fraction Of Cho Cells, Chaitali Dutta, Jane Grimwood, Lloyd H. Kasper

Dartmouth Scholarship

We have observed previously that attachment of Toxoplasma gondii to synchronized host cells is considerably increased at the mid-S phase (4 h postrelease). Synchronized CHO host cells at the mid-S phase were fractionated by molecular weight, and the antigens were used to produce a panel of polyclonal mouse antisera. The polyclonal antisera raised against fraction 4 with molecular mass ranging approximately from 18 to 40 kDa significantly reduced attachment to mid-S-phase host cells. Immunofluorescence assays demonstrated strong reactivity to mid-S-phase host cells and identified a number of potential receptors on Western blots. These data indicate that there is a specific …


Microbial Biofilms: From Ecology To Molecular Genetics, Mary Ellen Davey, George A. O'Toole Dec 2000

Microbial Biofilms: From Ecology To Molecular Genetics, Mary Ellen Davey, George A. O'Toole

Dartmouth Scholarship

Biofilms are complex communities of microorganisms attached to surfaces or associated with interfaces. Despite the focus of modern microbiology research on pure culture, planktonic (free-swimming) bacteria, it is now widely recognized that most bacteria found in natural, clinical, and industrial settings persist in association with surfaces. Furthermore, these microbial communities are often composed of multiple species that interact with each other and their environment. The determination of biofilm architecture, particularly the spatial arrangement of microcolonies (clusters of cells) relative to one another, has profound implications for the function of these complex communities. Numerous new experimental approaches and methodologies have been …


The Urological Management Of Voiding Dysfunction In Chronic Spinal Cord Injury, Hann-Chorng Kuo Dec 2000

The Urological Management Of Voiding Dysfunction In Chronic Spinal Cord Injury, Hann-Chorng Kuo

Rehabilitation Practice and Science

Chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) results in various dysfunctions of the urinary bladder and urethra. These neurological deteriorations after SCI cause varying urological symptoms and complications. Early detection of high risk SCI patients is important. Regular determination of intravesical pressure, residual urine and leak point pressure can provide information to avoid upper tract deterioration. Agg-ressive urological management can reduce the mortality rate from urinary tract infection (UTI) and a better quality of life can thus ensue. In the management of urological sequalae of SCI, preservation of renal function, freedom from UTI, freedom from indwelling catheter, and continence should be the …