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2000

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1462

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

New Dimensions Of Economic Well-Being Among People With Mental Illness: Evidence From Healthcare For Communities, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm Jan 2013

New Dimensions Of Economic Well-Being Among People With Mental Illness: Evidence From Healthcare For Communities, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


What's Happening: December 28, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 28, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Quarantine And Health Screening Protocols For Wildlife Prior To Translocation And Release Into The Wild, Michael H. Woodford Dec 2000

Quarantine And Health Screening Protocols For Wildlife Prior To Translocation And Release Into The Wild, Michael H. Woodford

Other Publications in Zoonotics and Wildlife Disease

In recent years the translocation and release into the wild of wild-caught and captive-bred wild animals (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and fish) has become a common practice, ostensibly for rehabilitation or conservation purposes. These wild animals comprise many varied taxa and the objectives of translocation and release may include:
(1) reintroducing a species that has become extinct in its natural range;
(2) restocking or reinforcing a population which has become depleted; and
(3) rehabilitating wild animals and birds which have been illegally captured and subsequently confiscated by Customs or national wildlife authorities. Welfare organizations also receive sick and injured wild …


What's Happening: December 20, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 20, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Teams Of One Playing A Losing Game, Rick Burton Dec 2000

Teams Of One Playing A Losing Game, Rick Burton

Sport Management - All Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Medical Education Digest, Vol. 2 No. 6 (December 15, 2000), Nova Southeastern University Dec 2000

Medical Education Digest, Vol. 2 No. 6 (December 15, 2000), Nova Southeastern University

Medical Education Digest

No abstract provided.


Trends. Terrorism, Terror Management, And Faking Mental Disorder, Ibpp Editor Dec 2000

Trends. Terrorism, Terror Management, And Faking Mental Disorder, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article highlights the difficulty of determining if defendants on trial are faking mental disorder. The case in question involves the bombing of United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.


The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee Dec 2000

The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

Reviewing Medicaid match issues since the latter 1980s, this issue brief traces ways in which some states have used creative financing to get more Medicaid matching dollars than they otherwise would qualify for from the federal government. It explores the latest mechanism, states' use of so-called intergovernmental transfers of funds (to avoid established upper payment limits) to increase their matches, triggering efforts by the Senate Finance Committee and the federal Medicaid agency to ban such transfers.


Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy Dec 2000

Impaired Fast-Spiking, Suppressed Cortical Inhibition, And Increased Susceptibility To Seizures In Mice Lacking Kv3.2 K+ Channel Proteins, David Lau, Eleazar Vega-Saenz De Miera, Diego Contreras, Alan Chow, Richard Paylor, Christopher S. Leonard, Bernardo Rudy

NYMC Faculty Publications

Voltage-gated K(+) channels of the Kv3 subfamily have unusual electrophysiological properties, including activation at very depolarized voltages (positive to -10 mV) and very fast deactivation rates, suggesting special roles in neuronal excitability. In the brain, Kv3 channels are prominently expressed in select neuronal populations, which include fast-spiking (FS) GABAergic interneurons of the neocortex, hippocampus, and caudate, as well as other high-frequency firing neurons. Although evidence points to a key role in high-frequency firing, a definitive understanding of the function of these channels has been hampered by a lack of selective pharmacological tools. We therefore generated mouse lines in which one …


Chemokine Production By G Protein-Coupled Receptor Activation In A Human Mast Cell Line: Roles Of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase And Nfat, H. Ali, J. Ahamed, C. Hernandez-Munain, J. L. Baron, M. S. Krangel, D. D. Patel Dec 2000

Chemokine Production By G Protein-Coupled Receptor Activation In A Human Mast Cell Line: Roles Of Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase And Nfat, H. Ali, J. Ahamed, C. Hernandez-Munain, J. L. Baron, M. S. Krangel, D. D. Patel

Departmental Papers (Dental)

Chemoattractants are thought to be the first mediators generated at sites of bacterial infection. We hypothesized that signaling through G protein-coupled chemoattractant receptors may stimulate cytokine production. To test this hypothesis, a human mast cell line (HMC-1) that normally expresses receptors for complement components C3a and C5a at low levels was stably transfected to express physiologic levels of fMLP receptors. We found that fMLP, but not C3a or C5a, induced macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1β (CCL4) and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (CCL2) mRNA and protein. Although fMLP stimulated both sustained Ca2+ mobilization and phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), these responses …


Phosphonated Agents And Their Antiangiogenic And Antitumorigenic Use, Delwood C. Collins, Antonio Gagliardi, Peter Nickel Dec 2000

Phosphonated Agents And Their Antiangiogenic And Antitumorigenic Use, Delwood C. Collins, Antonio Gagliardi, Peter Nickel

Obstetrics and Genecology Faculty Patents

Phosphonic acid agents are synthesized and characterized which are potent inhibitors of angiogenesis, tumorigenesis and metalloproteinase activity. Their method of use for the inhibition of angiogenesis and metalloproteinase and the treatment of tumors is also shown.


Family Duty Is More Important Than Rights, Charles Weijer Dec 2000

Family Duty Is More Important Than Rights, Charles Weijer

Charles Weijer

No abstract provided.


European Madness And Mad Cow Disease, Ibpp Editor Dec 2000

European Madness And Mad Cow Disease, Ibpp Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article describes some of the psychological factors that might attenuate unadaptive anxieties about the threat of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, mad cow disease.


What's Happening: December 6, 2000, Maine Medical Center Dec 2000

What's Happening: December 6, 2000, Maine Medical Center

What's Happening

No abstract provided.


Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse And Abusive Parenting: The Mediating Role Of Maternal Anger, David Dilillo, George C. Tremblay, Lizette Peterson Dec 2000

Linking Childhood Sexual Abuse And Abusive Parenting: The Mediating Role Of Maternal Anger, David Dilillo, George C. Tremblay, Lizette Peterson

Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology

Objective: This study had two primary objectives: First, to examine the association between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and later parenting characteristics, particularly physical abuse potential, and second, to explore maternal anger as a mediator of the relationship between CSA and adult physical abuse potential.

Method: Utilized a community sample of low SES participants that included 138 mothers classified as having experienced CSA, and a comparison group of 152 non-sexually abused mothers. Parenting variables examined included the mothers' physical abuse potential, nurturance toward their children, unrealistic developmental expectations of children, as well as frequencies of spanking and general punishment. Data was …


The Impact Of Gender On Nursing Knowledge Development In The Perioperative Setting, Kerry-Ann K. Adlam Dec 2000

The Impact Of Gender On Nursing Knowledge Development In The Perioperative Setting, Kerry-Ann K. Adlam

Theses Masters Coursework

This treatise explored the history of nursing within a radical feminist framework, encompassing the facets of women's history, the sex/gender system, men's and women's nature, women's language and the system of patriarchy. Through this framework the literature suggested that there was an impact on knowledge development in nursing settings, especially in the perioperative setting, because nursing was a female dominated profession in a patriarchal society. The literature shows that women as healers in history, were marginalised by the modern medical profession. Modern nursing, because of its female domination and the values of culture at the time of its inception, is …


Toward Improved Support For Research On Delivery Of Home- And Community-Based Long-Term Care, Francis G. Caro Dec 2000

Toward Improved Support For Research On Delivery Of Home- And Community-Based Long-Term Care, Francis G. Caro

Gerontology Institute Publications

Stronger and more consistent support is needed for research on long-term care. A greater investment in research will strengthen the ability of public and private organizations to provide effective and efficient assistance to people with disabilities and their informal caregivers. This paper provides a rationale for stronger research funding for the field and outlines several options to strengthen research.


The Needs And Experiences Of New Parents With A Well, Full-Term Baby In The First Eight Weeks Post Partum, Joann Mannion Dec 2000

The Needs And Experiences Of New Parents With A Well, Full-Term Baby In The First Eight Weeks Post Partum, Joann Mannion

Theses Masters Coursework

The birth of a first child is a momentous occasion in the lives of the couple who are the parents. The event of birth heralds a period of enjoyment, wonder, emotional highs and lows, turmoil and change for the developing family. This treatise presents an exploration of the experience of parenting for the first time. An extensive literature review of qualitative research revealed that parents adjust to their role experiencing a variety of losses and gains during this process. Support, both formal and informal, were identified to be crucial to parents adjusting to their new role in a satisfying way. …


Ryanodine Receptor Adaptation, Michael Fill, A. Zahradníková, Carlos A. Villalba-Galea, I. Zahradník, A. L. Escobar, S. Györke Dec 2000

Ryanodine Receptor Adaptation, Michael Fill, A. Zahradníková, Carlos A. Villalba-Galea, I. Zahradník, A. L. Escobar, S. Györke

School of Pharmacy Faculty Articles

In the heart, depolarization during the action potential activates voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels that mediate a small, localized Ca2+ influx (ICa). This small Ca2+ signal activates specialized Ca2+ release channels, the ryanodine receptors (RyRs), in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). This process is called Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). Intuitively, the CICR process should be self-regenerating because the Ca2+ released from the SR should feedback and activate further SR Ca2+ release. However, the CICR process is precisely controlled in the heart and, consequently, some sort of negative control mechanism(s) must exist to …


The Effects Of Psychotropic Medication Therapy On The Behaviors Of The Institutionalized Alzheimer's Disease Patient, Mary Beth Mckinneu Dec 2000

The Effects Of Psychotropic Medication Therapy On The Behaviors Of The Institutionalized Alzheimer's Disease Patient, Mary Beth Mckinneu

MSN Research Projects

Alzheimer's disease is a devastating illness that is common among the nursing home population. Treatment for Alzheimer's disease is usually palliative and consists of using psychotropic medications to control aggressive and agitated behaviors exhibited by its victims. The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify behaviors exhibited by Alzheimer's disease patients before and after receiving psychotropic medications. Johnson's Behavioral System Model was used as the theoretical framework for this study. The sample (N = 33) consisted of nursing home residents with a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease who were treated with one psychotropic medication. The researcher used chart review to …


Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 50, Number 1, December 2000 Dec 2000

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 50, Number 1, December 2000

The Bulletin (formerly the Jefferson Medical College Alumni Bulletin)

Jefferson Alumni Bulletin – Volume 50, Number 1, December 2000 Helping troubled teens to heal, page 4 Where does Jefferson go next? Asks Dr. Gonnella, page 8 Grave Robbers and Jefferson’s anatomist-Surgeons in the 19th century, page 10 New professorship in health policy, a rare field, page 16 Alumni Deans and department chairs: Jeffersonians at the helm at other Schools, page 23 A surgeon puts his heart into service abroad, page 26


Update - December 2000, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics Dec 2000

Update - December 2000, Loma Linda University Center For Christian Bioethics

Update

In this issue:

-- The Rule of Double Effect: A Valuable Contemporary Resource
-- Vision of Justice and the Healing of Nations
-- Learn to minister in the clinical setting


Self-Efficacy In Type 2 Diabetics, Joan M. Hyett Dec 2000

Self-Efficacy In Type 2 Diabetics, Joan M. Hyett

Theses & Dissertations

There are 1.2 million diagnosed diabetics in Texas, 10 % of whom live in Bexar County, Texas. Diabetes is rated as the fifth leading cause of death in the same county. In addition to the diagnosed cases, it is estimated that 125,000 adults in Bexar County have undiagnosed diabetes (Foy, 1999). Diabetic education may prevent complications in some individuals, but sometimes knowledge alone is not enough. Patients often lack motivation or self-confidence in their capacity for self- management of their diabetes. Diabetic educators are often faced with the challenge of not only educating but also motivating patients to be compliant …


Ethics In Academia, 2000, Wmu Center Of The Study Of Ethics In Society Dec 2000

Ethics In Academia, 2000, Wmu Center Of The Study Of Ethics In Society

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Walking The Walk --- The Reality Of Ethics In The University Presidency, Elson Floyd Dec 2000

Walking The Walk --- The Reality Of Ethics In The University Presidency, Elson Floyd

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Ethics In Academia, Diether Haenicke Dec 2000

Ethics In Academia, Diether Haenicke

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


The Quality Of Mercy, The Public Trust, And Ethical Issues In Higher Education, Elise Bickford Jorgens Dec 2000

The Quality Of Mercy, The Public Trust, And Ethical Issues In Higher Education, Elise Bickford Jorgens

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


The Ethics Center At Fifteen Years, Michael Pritchard Dec 2000

The Ethics Center At Fifteen Years, Michael Pritchard

Center for the Study of Ethics in Society Papers

Papers presented for the Center of the Study of Ethics in Society Western Michigan University.


Proteolytic Enzymes In The Marine Bacterium Pseudoalteromonas Atlantica: Post-Secretional Activation And Effects Of Environmental Conditions, Monica Hoffman, Alan W. Decho Dec 2000

Proteolytic Enzymes In The Marine Bacterium Pseudoalteromonas Atlantica: Post-Secretional Activation And Effects Of Environmental Conditions, Monica Hoffman, Alan W. Decho

Faculty Publications

Production and activities of cellular and extracellular proteolytic enzymes associated with the marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas atlantica were examined in response to physiological state and changing environmental variables under laboratory conditions. Enzymes evidenced by zymography were metalloproteases, as defined by substrate preference and susceptibility to inhibitors (EDTA and 1, 10-phenanthroline). Distinct bands (i.e. molecular-weight [MW] size classes) of enzymes were isolated from within cellular and extracellular compartments. Susceptibility of extracellular enzymes to environmental stressors was related, in part, to the MW size classes of the enzymes. While all bands of enzymes showed some degree of inhibition when pH was decreased, the …


The Role Of Institutional And Market Forces In Divergent Organizational Change, Thomas D'Aunno, Melissa Succi, Jeffrey A. Alexander Dec 2000

The Role Of Institutional And Market Forces In Divergent Organizational Change, Thomas D'Aunno, Melissa Succi, Jeffrey A. Alexander

Business Faculty Articles and Research

This paper focuses on a radical change, in which organizations abandon an institutionalized template for arranging their core activities, that is likely to occur in organizational fields that have strong, local market forces and strong but heterogeneous institutional forces. We examine the role of market forces and heterogeneous institutional elements in promoting divergent change in core activities among all U.S. rural hospitals from 1984 to 1991. Results support the view that divergent change depends on both market forces (proximity to competitors, disadvantages in service mix) and institutional forces (state regulation, ownership and governance norms, and mimicry of models of divergent …