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Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

Immunohistochemical Detection And Prognostic Significance Of P53, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor, Murine Double Minute 2, And Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1 In Glioblastoma Multiforme Patients Of Pakistan, Syed Muhammad Adnan Ali, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam, Zubair Ahmad, Yumna Adnan, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui Aug 2022

Immunohistochemical Detection And Prognostic Significance Of P53, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor, Murine Double Minute 2, And Isocitrate Dehydrogenase 1 In Glioblastoma Multiforme Patients Of Pakistan, Syed Muhammad Adnan Ali, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam, Zubair Ahmad, Yumna Adnan, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui

Department of Surgery

Introduction: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is one of the deadliest cranial tumors occurring in adults. Various biomarkers have been tested for their significance in diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of GBM. Some well-studied markers in GBM are Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), Murine double minute 2 (MDM2), Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR), and p53. The aim of this study was to investigate the protein expression of these markers in GBM patients of Pakistan.
Methods: A total of 102 surgically resected formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens from patients diagnosed and treated at Aga Khan University Hospital were included in this study. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) for IDH1, MDM2, …


Psychometric Properties Of The Urdu Version Of The Eortc Qlq-H&N35 (European Organization For Research And Treatment Of Cancer Head And Neck Module) Quality Of Life Tool, Nida Zahid, Russell Seth Martins, Wajeeha Zahid, Iqbal Azam Syed, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Nargis Asad, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Iqbaluddin Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Khabir Ahmad Aug 2022

Psychometric Properties Of The Urdu Version Of The Eortc Qlq-H&N35 (European Organization For Research And Treatment Of Cancer Head And Neck Module) Quality Of Life Tool, Nida Zahid, Russell Seth Martins, Wajeeha Zahid, Iqbal Azam Syed, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Nargis Asad, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Iqbaluddin Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Khabir Ahmad

Department of Surgery

Background: We translated and validated the Urdu version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (QoL) Questionnaire's Head and Neck (H&N) Cancer Module (EORTC QLQ-H&N35) and assessed its convergent and discriminant validity by examining correlations of QoL with depression, anxiety, and resilience.
Methods: We translated the EORTC QLQ-H&N35 according to EORTC instructions. Patients at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan completed a survey consisting of Urdu versions of EORTC QLQ-C30 (core QoL tool), QLQ-H&N35, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale (RS-14). Content validity, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and reliability …


Case Report: Axilla Fibroadenoma - An Atypical Presentation, Safna Naozer Virji, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Syeda Sakina Abidi, Romana Idress Aug 2022

Case Report: Axilla Fibroadenoma - An Atypical Presentation, Safna Naozer Virji, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Syeda Sakina Abidi, Romana Idress

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Medical Students In Karachi And Covid-19: Myths And Facts, Omer Bin Khalid Jamil, Muhammad Muhib, Muhammad Anas Abbal, Amna Muhammed Ahmed, Hafsa Hayat Khan, Nabeela Yar Khan May 2022

Medical Students In Karachi And Covid-19: Myths And Facts, Omer Bin Khalid Jamil, Muhammad Muhib, Muhammad Anas Abbal, Amna Muhammed Ahmed, Hafsa Hayat Khan, Nabeela Yar Khan

Department of Surgery

Objectives: COVID-19 pandemic brought mortalities, morbidities, fear, and financial despair among people around the world. As it advanced, misinformation and myths about it caught wildfire, contributing to misbelief among the already shocked population. Medical students are the building blocks of the medical community and can provide a pivotal role in combating COVID-19 misinformation by delivering correct knowledge and awareness to the non-medical population of the country. Hence, it is important to assess their knowledge and perception of COVID-19 myths. Therefore, this study evaluates medical student's knowledge regarding myths and misinformation related to COVID-19 infection and its vaccine. The study also …


Providencia Rettgeri Infection Compromising Post-Burn Recovery: A Lesson In The Importance Of Follow-Up Care., Mallorie L Huff, Sigrid A. Blome-Eberwein Md May 2022

Providencia Rettgeri Infection Compromising Post-Burn Recovery: A Lesson In The Importance Of Follow-Up Care., Mallorie L Huff, Sigrid A. Blome-Eberwein Md

Department of Surgery

Early burn excision and skin grafting have been essential to improving patient outcomes following a burn injury. However, there remain significant barriers to recovery for burn patients, especially in the post-discharge period, as follow-up care is essential to the timely identification of complications. While the infection is a common complication of a post-burn wound,


Identifying The 'Vulnerable Plaque' In Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Disease Patients, Zia Ur Rehman Apr 2022

Identifying The 'Vulnerable Plaque' In Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Disease Patients, Zia Ur Rehman

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Body Mass Index And Diabetes Mellitus May Predict Poorer Overall Survival Of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients: A Retrospective Cohort From A Tertiary-Care Center Of A Resource-Limited Country, Yumna Adnan, Syed Muhammad Adnan Ali, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nida Zahid, Muhammad Ozair Awan, Hammad Afzal Kayani, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui Mar 2022

Body Mass Index And Diabetes Mellitus May Predict Poorer Overall Survival Of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients: A Retrospective Cohort From A Tertiary-Care Center Of A Resource-Limited Country, Yumna Adnan, Syed Muhammad Adnan Ali, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nida Zahid, Muhammad Ozair Awan, Hammad Afzal Kayani, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui

Department of Surgery

Introduction: Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the highest-ranking cancers among both genders in Pakistan. Obesity is linked to a much higher risk for developing multiple cancer types. Individuals with Diabetes mellitus (DM) face an increased risk for developing oral cancer. Hence, the objective of this study was to identify the effect of obesity and DM on the prognosis of OSCC patients.
Methods: This retrospective cohort analysis was conducted on 386 patients diagnosed and treated for OSCC at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Patient information was obtained from hospital medical records. Obesity was defined as having …


High Cd44 Immunoexpression Correlates With Poor Overall Survival: Assessing The Role Of Cancer Stem Cell Markers In Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients From The High-Risk Population Of Pakistan, Yumna Mirza, Syed Adnan Ali, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui, Hammad A. Kayani, Romana Idress, Mohammad Sohail Awan Mar 2022

High Cd44 Immunoexpression Correlates With Poor Overall Survival: Assessing The Role Of Cancer Stem Cell Markers In Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients From The High-Risk Population Of Pakistan, Yumna Mirza, Syed Adnan Ali, Hasnain Ahmed Farooqui, Hammad A. Kayani, Romana Idress, Mohammad Sohail Awan

Department of Surgery

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a top-ranked cancer in the Pakistani population, and patient survival has remained unchanged at ∼50% for several decades. Recent advances have claimed that a subset of tumour cells, called cancer stem cells (CSCs), are responsible for tumour progression, treatment resistance, and metastasis, which leads to a poor prognosis. This study investigated the impact of CSC markers expression on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of OSCC patients. Materials and Methods. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate CD44, CD133, L1CAM, and SOX2 expression in a well-characterized cohort of 100 Pakistani patients with primary treatment …


A Severe Case Of Odontogenic Infection And Necrotizing Fasciitis Of The Anterior Chest Wall And Neck., Mallorie L Huff, Kyle S Wilson Md, Kathleen E. Kane Md, Kathryn L Wheel Md, Joseph J. Stirparo Md Feb 2022

A Severe Case Of Odontogenic Infection And Necrotizing Fasciitis Of The Anterior Chest Wall And Neck., Mallorie L Huff, Kyle S Wilson Md, Kathleen E. Kane Md, Kathryn L Wheel Md, Joseph J. Stirparo Md

Department of Surgery

Necrotizing fasciitis is a life-threatening infection that can be rapidly fatal. Early identification and emergent surgical management are essential to minimize morbidity and mortality. This case report describes a 25-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with a three-day history of worsening left lower dental infection and new-onset neck pain and swelling. He received broad-spectrum antibiotics and intravenous fluid resuscitation and underwent computed tomography of the neck and chest. Following intensive care unit admission, he underwent tooth extraction where intraoperative evaluation revealed subcutaneous crepitus. Immediate debridement was performed, revealing copious foul-smelling purulent discharge and necrotic tissue extending over the …


Role Of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography To Differentiate Intraretinal Microvascular Abnormalities And Retinal Neovascularization In Diabetic Retinopathy, Abdul Sami Memon, Nasir A. Memon, Pir Salim Mahar Feb 2022

Role Of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography To Differentiate Intraretinal Microvascular Abnormalities And Retinal Neovascularization In Diabetic Retinopathy, Abdul Sami Memon, Nasir A. Memon, Pir Salim Mahar

Department of Surgery

Objective: To assess proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) and to describe the difference in angiographic representation of new vessels (NVs) and Intra retinal microvascular abnormalities (IRMA) on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).
Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was performed at ISRA Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Karachi, from March 2018 to September 2018. Forty-two eyes of 21 patients with history of diabetes mellitus (DM) were examined. Twenty-eight eyes with a clinical diagnosis of severe non proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR) or proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) according to early treatment diabetic retinopathy study (ETDRS) were included and evaluated using Swept source optical coherence tomography …


Barriers In Surgical Research: A Perspective From The Developing World, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Aanish Raees, Rehan Nasir Khan, Farhan Zafar Feb 2022

Barriers In Surgical Research: A Perspective From The Developing World, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Aanish Raees, Rehan Nasir Khan, Farhan Zafar

Department of Surgery

Research in surgery has led to significant advances over the last century in terms of how medicine is practised in and outside the operating rooms today. Surgical research in the developed countries is responsible for most of this advancement, but it is often inapplicable in resource-limited settings in the developing world. Lower- and middle-income countries are in a unique position to take this work further, but they are limited by certain barriers. These barriers could broadly be classified under social and cultural, infrastructure, financial, ethical, and personal categories. These barriers are often not fully realised, but can potentially be addressed …


Surgical Research: Exploring Our History - Navigating The Future, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam Feb 2022

Surgical Research: Exploring Our History - Navigating The Future, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Syed Ather Enam

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Role Of Simulation In Open Varicose Veins Surgery: A Systematic Review, Muhammad Ammar Pirzada, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh, Shoaib Badini, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui Feb 2022

Role Of Simulation In Open Varicose Veins Surgery: A Systematic Review, Muhammad Ammar Pirzada, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh, Shoaib Badini, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui

Department of Surgery

Objective: To assess the types and effectiveness of simulators present for open varicose vein surgery.
Methods: The systematic review was conducted at The Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi and comprised studies published from 1st January 2000 to 30th June 2020 related to open varicose vein surgical procedures done on simulators. Databases searched were PubMed, Medline, Google Scholar, Cochrane and Scopus using appropriate key words. The primary outcome of the review was to assess the effectiveness of different types of simulators used for varicose vein surgery.
Results: Of the 286 articles found, 6(2%) were included. A variety of simulators ranging from …


Understanding Deep Learning - Challenges And Prospects, Niha Adnan, Fahad Umer Feb 2022

Understanding Deep Learning - Challenges And Prospects, Niha Adnan, Fahad Umer

Department of Surgery

The developments in Artificial Intelligence have been on the rise since its advent. The advancements in this field have been the innovative research area across a wide range of industries, making its incorporation in dentistry inevitable. Artificial Intelligence techniques are making serious progress in the diagnostic and treatment planning aspects of dental clinical practice. This will ultimately help in the elimination of subjectivity and human error that are often part of radiographic interpretations, and will improve the overall efficiency of the process. The various types of Artificial Intelligence algorithms that exist today make the understanding of their application quite complex. …


Surgical Management Of Subclavian And Proximal Axillary Artery Injuries, Zia Ur Rehman, Suleman Yousaf, Tehmeed Ahmad Dec 2021

Surgical Management Of Subclavian And Proximal Axillary Artery Injuries, Zia Ur Rehman, Suleman Yousaf, Tehmeed Ahmad

Department of Surgery

Subclavian and proximal axillary arterial injuries are rare and difficult to manage. Eight patients were managed from January 2008 to December 2018 at The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan with mean age of 36.13 ± 14.48 years. All patients had penetrating injuries, from gunshot in 5 (62.5%), bomb blast in 2 (25%), and stab wound in 1 (12.5%) case. Six (75%) patients presented in haemodynamically stable condition. The mean time between the injury and patient presentation was 28 ± 8.39 hours. The injuries were approached via supraclavicular incision in 3 (37.5%) patients, infraclavicular incisions in 2 (25%) patients and …


Translation And Validation Of The Urdu Version Of The European Organization For Research And Treatment Of Cancer Core Quality Of Life Questionnaire (Eortc Qlq-C30) And Brain Module (Qlq-Bn20) In Primary Brain Tumor Patients, Nida Zahid, Russell S. Martins, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Rashid Jooma, Gohar Javed, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, Ather Enam Sep 2021

Translation And Validation Of The Urdu Version Of The European Organization For Research And Treatment Of Cancer Core Quality Of Life Questionnaire (Eortc Qlq-C30) And Brain Module (Qlq-Bn20) In Primary Brain Tumor Patients, Nida Zahid, Russell S. Martins, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad, Adnan Abdul Jabbar, Muhammad Shahzad Shamim, Rashid Jooma, Gohar Javed, Muhammad Ehsan Bari, Ather Enam

Department of Surgery

Introduction: This study translated and validated the Urdu version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life (QoL) Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) and Brain Module (QLQ-BN20) amongst patients with primary brain tumors (PBT) in Pakistan, and assessed the correlation of QoL with resilience, depression, and anxiety.
Methods: Translation of the EORTC QLQ-C30 and QLQ-BN20 was performed as per EORTC guidelines. A survey comprising of Urdu translations of EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-BN20, Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale (RS-14) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was administered to patients with PBT at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Reliability …


Endoleaks: Current Concepts And Treatments - A Narrative Review, Zia Ur Rehman Sep 2021

Endoleaks: Current Concepts And Treatments - A Narrative Review, Zia Ur Rehman

Department of Surgery

Endoleaks are the most common complications following endovascular aneurysm repair. Depending upon their origin, there are five types of endoleaks, types I-V, which can also be classified as direct and indirect endoleaks. Direct endoleaks (type I and III) have higher risk of aneurysm rupture due to rapid sac expansion, and require immediate correction. Indirect endoleaks ( type II, IV and V) have a relatively benign course compared to direct endoleaks. Most of them resolve with time and very few need interventions upon sac enlargement. Type V endotension is a special situation where there is sac enlargement despite no demonstrable endoleak. …


Resilience And Its Associated Factors In Head And Neck Cancer Patients In Pakistan: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad Aug 2021

Resilience And Its Associated Factors In Head And Neck Cancer Patients In Pakistan: An Analytical Cross-Sectional Study, Nida Zahid, Wajeeha Zahid, Wardah Khalid, Syed Iqbal Azam, Mubasher Ikram, Aneesa Hassan, Haissan Iftikhar, Shireen Shehzad Bhamani, Adnan Jabbar, Shabbir Akhtar, Moghira Siddiqui, Mohammad Sohail Awan, Nargis Asad, Khabir Ahmad

Department of Surgery

Introduction: The study aimed to assess resilience and its associated factors in head and neck cancer patients, post-treatment in a low middle income country (LMIC) such as Pakistan.
Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2019 to May 2020 among head and neck cancer patients aged at least 18 years at the largest private tertiary care hospital, in Karachi, Pakistan. Information regarding their resilience scores was collected through Wagnild and Young's Resilience scale that comprises of 14 items (RS-14). Moreover, depression and anxiety were also assessed via Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and social support was assessed …


Abdominal Vascular Injuries- What General/ Trauma Surgeons Should Know?, Zia Ur Rehman Aug 2021

Abdominal Vascular Injuries- What General/ Trauma Surgeons Should Know?, Zia Ur Rehman

Department of Surgery

Abdominal vascular injuries are the common cause of death post-trauma. These are challenging injuries to manage due to severe haemodynamic instability, other associated injuries and difficulty in accessing and controlling these deep-seated vessels. Early control of bleeding can decrease mortality in these patients. Abdominal vasculature is divided into three zones, each requiring different operative strategy for exposure. Standard vascular surgery principles of achieving proximal and distal control before exploring any haematoma are followed when managing these injuries. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of aorta is a minimally invasive method of achieving proximal aortic occlusion. This also acts as bridge for definitive …


Comparison Of Brachiobasilic Transposition Arteriovenous Fistula Outcomes Among Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Patients: A Case Controlled Study, Zia Ur Rehman, Waryam Muhammad Saleh, Anum Sadruddin Pidani Aug 2021

Comparison Of Brachiobasilic Transposition Arteriovenous Fistula Outcomes Among Diabetic And Non-Diabetic Patients: A Case Controlled Study, Zia Ur Rehman, Waryam Muhammad Saleh, Anum Sadruddin Pidani

Department of Surgery

Diabetes is considered a risk factor for arteriovenous fistula failure and increased perioperative complications; but this view is not proven for patients undergoing brachiobasilic transposition arteriovenous fistula (BBT-AVF). Fifty-one (68.9%) diabetic and 23 (31.08%) non-diabetic patients undergoing single-stage BBT-AVF were compared in terms of perioperative complications, access maturation and patency rates at The Aga Khan University Hospital from between January 2016 to December 2017. Diabetics were elder and more obese. The perioperative complications 19 (37.2%) vs. 8 (34.7%), and access maturation rates were compared (93.2% vs. 95.5%) between the two groups. At 6 months, access patency in diabetics was lower …


Prevention Of Falls In Hospital: Audit Report From A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Anum Sadruddin Pidani, Tashfeen Ahmad, Nasreen Panjwani, Shahryar Noordin Aug 2021

Prevention Of Falls In Hospital: Audit Report From A Tertiary Care Hospital Of Pakistan, Anum Sadruddin Pidani, Tashfeen Ahmad, Nasreen Panjwani, Shahryar Noordin

Department of Surgery

Objective: The study aims to assess the fall incidents in past 5 years and fall assessment practices at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi.
Methods: We performed a single-center retrospective audit at Aga Khan University Hospital from October 2019 to December 2019. A list of all patients admitted to Aga Khan University Hospital under the Musculoskeletal and Sports Medicine Service Line was obtained using the Hospital Information Management System (HIMS) from Jan 2017 to June 2018. Data including fall assessment scores was collected retrospectively from medical record files.
Results: A total of 1499 patients were admitted during this time period, …


Impact Of Duration Of Antibiotic Prophylaxis On Rates Of Surgical Site Infection (Ssi) In Patients Undergoing Mastectomy Without Immediate Reconstruction, Comparing A Single Prophylactic Dose Versus Continued Antibiotic Prophylaxis Postoperatively: A Multicentre, Double-Blinded Randomised Control Trial Protocol, Abida K. Sattar, Nida Zahid, Hania Shahzad, Rufina Soomro, Omema Saleem, Syed Faisal Mahmood Jul 2021

Impact Of Duration Of Antibiotic Prophylaxis On Rates Of Surgical Site Infection (Ssi) In Patients Undergoing Mastectomy Without Immediate Reconstruction, Comparing A Single Prophylactic Dose Versus Continued Antibiotic Prophylaxis Postoperatively: A Multicentre, Double-Blinded Randomised Control Trial Protocol, Abida K. Sattar, Nida Zahid, Hania Shahzad, Rufina Soomro, Omema Saleem, Syed Faisal Mahmood

Department of Surgery

Introduction: In breast surgeries, prophylactic antibiotics given before the surgical incision as per Joint Commission Surgical Care Improvement Project guidelines have been shown to decrease the rate of postoperative infections. There is, however, no clear consensus on postoperative antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing mastectomy with indwelling drains. This trial protocol proposes to study the difference in rates of surgical site infection (SSI) with or without continuation of postoperative antibiotics in patients undergoing mastectomy without immediate reconstruction and with indwelling drains.
Methods and analysis: In this multicentre, double-blinded clinical trial, all patients undergoing mastectomy (without immediate reconstruction) will receive a single …


Concordance Between Clinical And Pathological Response Assessment After Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy In Patients With Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Aisha Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shaista Khan, Romana Idress, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Saira Fatima Shaikh, Hira Waheed Apr 2021

Concordance Between Clinical And Pathological Response Assessment After Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy In Patients With Invasive Lobular Carcinoma, Aisha Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Shaista Khan, Romana Idress, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra, Saira Fatima Shaikh, Hira Waheed

Department of Surgery

Background: Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is frequently administered in breast carcinoma patients. The clinical response to NAC guides further treatment. The pathological response is not only an independent prognostic factor, but it also guides further treatment and prognosis.
Objectives: The aim of our study was to find the degree of concordance between clinical and pathological response assessments after NAC in Invasive lobular Carcinoma (ILC) cases by using World Health Organization (WHO) criteria and different pathological systems, respectively. We also tried to identify any useful parameter of clinical assessment that could better correlate with pathologic assessment and provide a better estimation of …


Hypoglossal Nerve Paraganglioma Depicting As Glomus Tumor Of Neck, Zaid Ahmed Shamsi, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh, Muhammad Wasif, Mustafa Belal Hafeez Chaudhry, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Ziad Sophie Mar 2021

Hypoglossal Nerve Paraganglioma Depicting As Glomus Tumor Of Neck, Zaid Ahmed Shamsi, Fareed Ahmed Shaikh, Muhammad Wasif, Mustafa Belal Hafeez Chaudhry, Nadeem Ahmed Siddiqui, Ziad Sophie

Department of Surgery

Introduction: Paraganglioma are infrequent neuroendocrine tumors that are most commonly found in the carotid body, ganglia of the vagus, jugular and tympanic nerve. Very rarely they can involve other cranial nerves outside the cranial cavity, we present one such case of hypoglossal nerve paraganglioma in neck.
Case report: A 48 years old male presented with 1-month history of right sided stroke and aphasia. Ultrasonography of neck revealed a highly vascular mass on the right side of the neck. CT angiogram confirmed a highly vascular mass arising above the carotid bifurcation. With the working diagnosis of Glomus tumor, he underwent right …


Proximal Subclavian Artery Injury Managed Without Performing Median Sternotomy: A Case Report, Zia Ur Rehman Mar 2021

Proximal Subclavian Artery Injury Managed Without Performing Median Sternotomy: A Case Report, Zia Ur Rehman

Department of Surgery

No abstract provided.


Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis: Has Conservative Management Replaced Surgery? Perspective From A Tertiary Care Centre In Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study, Fatima Mannan, Roger Christopher Gill, Abdul Ahad Sohail, Abdul Rehman Alvi, Khabir Ahmad Feb 2021

Acute Necrotizing Pancreatitis: Has Conservative Management Replaced Surgery? Perspective From A Tertiary Care Centre In Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study, Fatima Mannan, Roger Christopher Gill, Abdul Ahad Sohail, Abdul Rehman Alvi, Khabir Ahmad

Department of Surgery

Background: The main purpose of this study was to review the trends in management of patients presenting with acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) over the last seven years and its effect on morbidity and mortality.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on all patients presenting with the diagnosis of acute necrotizing pancreatitis to the Aga Khan University Hospital in between the year 2008-2015. The study population was broadly categorized in to two groups based on the way these were managed. The first group consisted of patient who underwent surgery for acute necrotizing pancreatitis while the second group was composed of those …


Assessing The Adherence Of Operative Notes For Laparoscopic Appendectomy With The Royal College Of Surgeons Guidelines, Fatima Mannan, Roger Christopher Gill, Abdul Ahad Sohail, Abdul Rehman Alvi Feb 2021

Assessing The Adherence Of Operative Notes For Laparoscopic Appendectomy With The Royal College Of Surgeons Guidelines, Fatima Mannan, Roger Christopher Gill, Abdul Ahad Sohail, Abdul Rehman Alvi

Department of Surgery

Objective: To determine the frequency of adherence of laparoscopic appendectomy operative notes with the Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) guidelines at the tertiary care centre. Study Design: A clinical audit report.
Place and duration of study: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi between January and June 2018.
Methodology: Operative notes of laparoscopic appendectomy, written by residents of general surgery from trainee levels R1 to R5 during the study period, were included in the study. Each component from RCS guidelines, was assessed. The response to every question in proforma was marked either as Y=Yes or N=No. Overall score of more than …


Giant Juvenile Fibroadenoma Of The Breast In A 13-Year-Old Pakistani Girl With Excellent Cosmetic Outcome After Subareolar Enucleation - A Case Report, Sana Zeeshan, Kulsoom Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra Feb 2021

Giant Juvenile Fibroadenoma Of The Breast In A 13-Year-Old Pakistani Girl With Excellent Cosmetic Outcome After Subareolar Enucleation - A Case Report, Sana Zeeshan, Kulsoom Shaikh, Muhammad Usman Tariq, Lubna Mushtaque Vohra

Department of Surgery

Introduction: Fibroadenoma is the most common benign lesion of breast in young women, characterized by an aberrant proliferation of both epithelial and mesenchymal elements. It is termed giant fibroadenoma when it is larger than 5 cm or weighs more than 500 g with an incidence of 0.5-2% of all fibroadenomas.
Presentation of case: In this report, we discuss a case of a 13-year-old Pakistani girl who presented with a giant juvenile fibroadenoma in left breast and was treated by a subareolar lump excision through a periareolar incision with excellent cosmetic outcome. To the best of our literature search, this is …


Use Of Botulinum Toxin A To Treat Chemotherapy-Induced Raynaud's Phenomenon., Thrisha K Potluri, Frank G Lee, Ethan Song, Sean J. Wallace Md, Nathan F. Miller Md Jan 2021

Use Of Botulinum Toxin A To Treat Chemotherapy-Induced Raynaud's Phenomenon., Thrisha K Potluri, Frank G Lee, Ethan Song, Sean J. Wallace Md, Nathan F. Miller Md

Department of Surgery

Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is a vasospastic disorder of the digital blood vessels leading to pain, paresthesias, and pallor in response to cold or stress. RP can develop secondary to a number of pathologies or factors, including the use of chemotherapy agents. Typical first-line therapies for secondary RP may be contraindicated in patients with certain comorbidities. Here, we discuss a case in which botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) was used to treat chemotherapy-induced RP in a patient with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We provide a review of the existing literature on the clinical course and treatment modalities, including the use of …


Simultaneous Bilateral Patellar Tendon Rupture In A Young Adult Male: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature., Adrian Moy, Ethan Song, Sean J. Wallace Md, Robert Teixeira Md, Daniel Torres Sep 2020

Simultaneous Bilateral Patellar Tendon Rupture In A Young Adult Male: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature., Adrian Moy, Ethan Song, Sean J. Wallace Md, Robert Teixeira Md, Daniel Torres

Department of Surgery

A bilateral patellar tendon rupture is extremely rare and has only been documented in case reports. Although the etiology remains unknown, predisposing factors include steroid usage, systemic diseases, and tendinopathies. In the present case, a healthy 33-year-old male with a prior history of bilateral patellar tendonitis and a diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter disease during adolescence experienced simultaneous bilateral patellar tendon rupture after playing volleyball. He underwent bilateral patellar repair without complications. In the absence of trauma, spontaneous bilateral patellar tendon ruptures are associated with several predisposing factors, including systemic diseases, prior corticosteroid or fluoroquinolone usage, and history of tendinopathy. Injuries can …