Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medicine and Health Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Sports Sciences

2010

Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 141

Full-Text Articles in Medicine and Health Sciences

What Americans Can Learn From Sports Day In Canada?, Rick Burton, Norm O'Relly Dec 2010

What Americans Can Learn From Sports Day In Canada?, Rick Burton, Norm O'Relly

Sport Management - All Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Phd_Thesis - Tactical Modelation Of Volleyball Game (Modelação Da Performance No Jogo De Voleibol Estudo De Indicadores Preditivos Do Rendimento Desportivo Em Equipas De Alto Nível), Rui Marcelino Dec 2010

Phd_Thesis - Tactical Modelation Of Volleyball Game (Modelação Da Performance No Jogo De Voleibol Estudo De Indicadores Preditivos Do Rendimento Desportivo Em Equipas De Alto Nível), Rui Marcelino

Rui Marcelino

The purpose of this study was to study elite men Volleyball game as a complex entity that is adaptable to situational contexts. In this sense, situational variables such as home advantage, quality of opposition, match status and match periods were examined as having a possible influence on sports performance. The first empirical study analyzed 65.949 game actions taken from 275 sets played in the 2005 Men World League and examined the odds of winning each one of the five sets of the match according to game location (home vs. away); results showed that the advantage for home teams (home advantage) …


The Effect Of Technique Instruction On Biomechanical Risk Factors Associated With Acl Injury Risk In Female Recreational Athletes, Jeremiah Jackson Tate Dec 2010

The Effect Of Technique Instruction On Biomechanical Risk Factors Associated With Acl Injury Risk In Female Recreational Athletes, Jeremiah Jackson Tate

Doctoral Dissertations

Background: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated higher ACL injury rates in female athletes when compared to males involved in the same sport. A recent meta-analysis of ACL injury prevention programs found that technique training was a common component of programs that were successful in reducing ACL injury.

Purpose: The primary purpose was to determine the immediate and long-term effects of technique training aimed at minimizing medial knee displacement during jump-landings in female recreational athletes. The secondary purpose was to determine if any transfer of skill occurred as a result of our technique training.

Study Design: Controlled laboratory study.

Methods: A total …


Chhs December/January E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services Dec 2010

Chhs December/January E-Newsletter, Dr. John Bonaguro, Dean, Vashon S. Wells, Editor, College Of Health And Human Services

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


We're Not Thugs And Rappers: An Examination Of African American Male Athletes' Perceptions Of The Media, Keia Janese Bragg Dec 2010

We're Not Thugs And Rappers: An Examination Of African American Male Athletes' Perceptions Of The Media, Keia Janese Bragg

Masters Theses

Manipulation of stories and events expose issues of false representation and stereotyping within the mainstream media. This research examined the media’s role in shaping the behaviors and experiences of African American male athletes while using Critical Race Theory as the framework in conducting research. A focus group consisting of six former African American male student athletes was conducted. A semi-structured interview schedule was used in order to allow for open discussion. The Constant Comparison Method was instrumental in thematizing the data while QDA Miner software was used to analyze the data. The findings suggested that African American male athletes feel …


The Physical Activity Patterns And Constraints Of Diverse Female College Students, Kathleen Victoria Minkel Dec 2010

The Physical Activity Patterns And Constraints Of Diverse Female College Students, Kathleen Victoria Minkel

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Diverse college aged females from a public university in the southwest were asked to participate in an online survey to determine their constraints to physical activity, as well as their current activity level. The groups were compared to establish the differences among the minority groups. Raymore, Crawford, and Godbey’s Hierarchical Model of Constraints was used as a framework when creating the survey. Data analysis showed only one significant difference among the racial/ethnic groups, when looking specifically at the intrapersonal, interpersonal, and structural constraints categories. Hispanic women differed significantly from Caucasian women in their perception of interpersonal constraints on their physical …


Effects Of A Simulated Tennis Match On Lymphocyte Subset Measurements, Holly Kell Dec 2010

Effects Of A Simulated Tennis Match On Lymphocyte Subset Measurements, Holly Kell

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Research has shown that maximal exercise has a significant effect on cells of the immune system. Specifically, lymphocyte count increases during exercise and decreases to a value lower than baseline following an acute exhaustive bout of exercise. The overall lymphocyte response is well characterized, however, the ability of exercise to affect lymphocyte subfractions is unknown to our knowledge. The purpose of this study was to assess and evaluate the affects of a simulated tennis match across two sessions on lymphocyte subsets.

Initial measurements such as age, height, weight, skinfold analysis, and heart rate were recorded for each player, as well …


Caffeine Supplementation And Moderate Intensity Exercise Modulates The Cytotoxic Lymphocyte Subset (Cd+8) In Naive And Tolerant Individuals, Elizabeth Ann Fedor Dec 2010

Caffeine Supplementation And Moderate Intensity Exercise Modulates The Cytotoxic Lymphocyte Subset (Cd+8) In Naive And Tolerant Individuals, Elizabeth Ann Fedor

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of caffeine supplementation on caffeine tolerant and caffeine naïve individual’s lymphocyte counts, apoptosis and migration levels. In addition, effects of exercise on post-caffeine ingestion lymphocyte counts, apoptosis and migration levels were determined. It was hypothesized that caffeine would alter the immune system cell counts, but that exercise would be able to restore the immune system to homeostasis. Seventeen Western Kentucky University students were tested (males n=7, females n=10; n=7: caffeine tolerant= 200mg or more per day group, n=9: caffeine naïve= 50mg or less per day group). In this double-blind investigation, …


Convergent Validity Between Field Tests Of Isometric Core Strength, Functional Core Strength, And Sport Performance Variables In Female Soccer Players, Jeffrey Scott Wagner Dec 2010

Convergent Validity Between Field Tests Of Isometric Core Strength, Functional Core Strength, And Sport Performance Variables In Female Soccer Players, Jeffrey Scott Wagner

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

Introduction: Previous research has failed to definitively explain the role that core fitness plays during sport performance. Movements of sport performance require the core musculature to simultaneously provide spinal stability while producing external forces that aid limb movement. The core is central to most kinetic chains; therefore, a better understanding of core function during sport should help to benefit performance. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare tests of isometric core strength that evaluate the ability of the core to provide a stable base of support, and tests of concentric functional core strength that evaluate the ability of …


The Relationship Of Snowmobile Year, Track Length, And Riding Terrain To The Occurrence Of Musculosketetal Symptoms In Recreational Snowmobile Drivers, Erica L. Heisler Dec 2010

The Relationship Of Snowmobile Year, Track Length, And Riding Terrain To The Occurrence Of Musculosketetal Symptoms In Recreational Snowmobile Drivers, Erica L. Heisler

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the occurrence of musculoskeletal symptoms in recreational snowmobile drivers and relate them to the manufacture year of the snowmobile, the length of the track, and/or the riding terrain. Participants included 186 males and 57 females (n=243), aged 18 years and older, and were all snowmobile drivers. Subjects were asked to complete either an online survey or a paper survey to gather information about the year of snowmobile they drove, the track length of that snowmobile, the typical riding terrain they drove on, and any musculoskeletal symptoms they developed from driving snowmobile. …


Variability Of Pacing In Marathon Distance Running, Thomas A. Haney Jr. Dec 2010

Variability Of Pacing In Marathon Distance Running, Thomas A. Haney Jr.

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The purposes of this study were to describe variability of pacing during a marathon and to determine if there is a relationship between variability of pacing and marathon performance. A total of 301 race profiles that contained personal global positioning system (GPS) from the Rock „n‟ Roll Las Vegas (Race 1) and San Diego (Race 2) marathons were downloaded (http://connect.garmin.com) and analyzed. Each marathon finish time was placed into one of three finish time bins: Bin 1: 2.5 – 3.9 hrs, Bin 2: 4.0 – 4.6 hrs, Bin 3: 4.7 – 7.2. The coefficient of variation of velocity (Velcov) was …


Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick Dec 2010

Development And Validation Of A Light Weight, Energy Dense, Ready To Eat (Rte) Bar, Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Master's Theses

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF A LIGHT WEIGHT, ENERGY DENSE, READY TO EAT (RTE) BAR

Jacob Wilhelm-Maria Heick

Providing additional calories in the form of an RTE bar to endurance athletes will increase performance and muscle re-synthesis, reduce muscle breakdown, and shorten recovery time. An RTE bar containing a blend of dairy proteins and carbohydrates will create a product with superior functionality, including bioactive and immunity enhancing properties from dairy derived ingredients. The protein will provide benefits in the form of easily digestible calories, essential amino acids and physical satiate.

A formulation was developed and optimized, resulting in a final product …


Six Year Follow-Up Of Students Who Participated In A School-Based Physical Activity Intervention: A Longitudinal Cohort Study, Lisa M. Barnett, Eric Van Beurden, Philip J. Morgan, Lyndon O. Brooks, Avigdor Zask, John R. Beard Nov 2010

Six Year Follow-Up Of Students Who Participated In A School-Based Physical Activity Intervention: A Longitudinal Cohort Study, Lisa M. Barnett, Eric Van Beurden, Philip J. Morgan, Lyndon O. Brooks, Avigdor Zask, John R. Beard

Dr Lyndon O Brooks

Background: The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the long-term impact of a childhood motor skill intervention on adolescent motor skills and physical activity. Methods: In 2006, we undertook a follow-up of motor skill proficiency (catch, kick, throw, vertical jump, side gallop) and physical activity in adolescents who had participated in a one-year primary school intervention Move It Groove It (MIGI) in 2000. Logistic regression models were analysed for each skill to determine whether the probability of children in the intervention group achieving mastery or near mastery was either maintained or had increased in subsequent years, relative to controls. …


Human Dimensions Of Heavy Load Carriage, J. Drain, R. Orr, D. Billing, S. Rudzki Nov 2010

Human Dimensions Of Heavy Load Carriage, J. Drain, R. Orr, D. Billing, S. Rudzki

Rob Marc Orr

No abstract provided.


A Kinematic Analysis Of A Strongman-Type Event: The Heavy Sprint-Style Sled Pull, Justin Keogh, Craig Newlands, Sandra Blewett, Amenda Payne, Lin Chun-Er Nov 2010

A Kinematic Analysis Of A Strongman-Type Event: The Heavy Sprint-Style Sled Pull, Justin Keogh, Craig Newlands, Sandra Blewett, Amenda Payne, Lin Chun-Er

Justin Keogh

This study sought to (a) characterize the kinematics aspects of a popular strongman-type event, the heavy sprint-style sled pull, and (b) gain some insight into the kinematic factors that could distinguish the within- and between-subjects' fastest and slowest trials. Six resistance-trained subjects with experience in the heavy sled pull gave informed consent to participate in this study. Subjects performed three 25-m sets of sled pulls with a load of 171.2 kg with 3 minutes of rest between sets. Kinematic variables were obtained from 2 video cameras positioned perpendicularly 11 m from the intended direction of the sled pull. Camera 1 …


Chhs November E-Newsletter, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University, Vashon S. Wells, Editor Nov 2010

Chhs November E-Newsletter, College Of Health And Human Services, Western Kentucky University, Vashon S. Wells, Editor

College of Health & Human Services Publications

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Acute Physiological Effects Between Alternating Current And Pulsed Current Electrical Muscle Stimulation, Abdulaziz A. Aldayel Nov 2010

Comparison Of Acute Physiological Effects Between Alternating Current And Pulsed Current Electrical Muscle Stimulation, Abdulaziz A. Aldayel

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Electrical muscle stimulation (EMS) is widely used in rehabilitation and sport training, and alternating current and pulsed current EMS are commonly used. However, no systematic comparison between alternating and pulsed current EMS has been made in the previous studies. The main aim of this research was to compare acute physiological responses between the alternating and pulsed current EMS. The secondary purpose of the research was to investigate further muscle damage induced by EMS-evoked isometric contractions. Three experimental studies were conducted in the thesis project together with literature review about EMS.


High-Intensity Mechanical Therapy For Loss Of Knee Extension For Worker's Compensation And Non-Compensation Patients, Amanda L. Dempsey, Thomas P. Branch, Timothy Mills, Robert M. Karsch Oct 2010

High-Intensity Mechanical Therapy For Loss Of Knee Extension For Worker's Compensation And Non-Compensation Patients, Amanda L. Dempsey, Thomas P. Branch, Timothy Mills, Robert M. Karsch

Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Knee flexion contractures have been associated with increased pain and a reduced ability to perform activities of daily living. Contractures can be treated either surgically or conservatively, but these treatment options may not be as successful with worker's compensation patients. The purposes of retrospective review were to 1) determine the efficacy of using adjunctive high-intensity stretch (HIS) mechanical therapy to treat flexion contractures, and 2) compare the results between groups of worker's compensation and non-compensation patients.

METHODS: Fifty-six patients (19 women, 37 men, age = 51.5 ± 17.0 years) with flexion contractures were treated with HIS mechanical therapy as …


Effects Of Supplemental Fish Oil On Resting Metabolic Rate, Body Composition, And Salivary Cortisol In Healthy Adults, Eric E. Noreen, Michael J. Sass, Megan L. Crowe, Vanessa A. Pabon, Josef Brandauer, Lindsay K. Averill Oct 2010

Effects Of Supplemental Fish Oil On Resting Metabolic Rate, Body Composition, And Salivary Cortisol In Healthy Adults, Eric E. Noreen, Michael J. Sass, Megan L. Crowe, Vanessa A. Pabon, Josef Brandauer, Lindsay K. Averill

Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: To determine the effects of supplemental fish oil (FO) on resting metabolic rate (RMR), body composition, and cortisol production in healthy adults.

Methods: A total of 44 men and women (34 ± 13y, mean+SD) participated in the study. All testing was performed first thing in the morning following an overnight fast. Baseline measurements of RMR were measured using indirect calorimetry using a facemask, and body composition was measured using air displacement plethysmography. Saliva was collected via passive drool and analyzed for cortisol concentration using ELISA. Following baseline testing, subjects were randomly assigned in a double blind manner to one …


Multidimensional Physical Self-Concept Of Athletes With Physical Disabilities, Deborah R. Shapiro, Jeffrey J. Martin Oct 2010

Multidimensional Physical Self-Concept Of Athletes With Physical Disabilities, Deborah R. Shapiro, Jeffrey J. Martin

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

The purposes of this investigation were first to predict reported PA (physical activity) behavior and self-esteem using a multidimensional physical self-concept model and second to describe perceptions of multidimensional physical self-concept (e.g., strength, endurance, sport competence) among athletes with physical disabilities. Athletes (N = 36, M age = 16.11, SD age = 2.8) completed the Physical Self- Description Questionnaire. Participants reported mostly positive perceptions of self-esteem, global physical self-concept, endurance, body fat, sport competence, strength, flexibility, and physical activity (Ms ranging from 3.9 to 5.6 out of 6). Correlations indicated a number of significant relationships among self-esteem …


Developing A Caring Coaching Climate Fosters Confidence, E. Whitney G. Moore Oct 2010

Developing A Caring Coaching Climate Fosters Confidence, E. Whitney G. Moore

Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies

When athletes buy-in to a positive training climate their training effort, enjoyment, and desire to continue all increase. This article focuses on practical approaches coaches can use today to promote a safe, personalized, and respect-filled atmosphere – integral building blocks for developing a successful caring climate.


Otterfit News November 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences Oct 2010

Otterfit News November 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences

Health and Sport Sciences Newsletter

Health, Wellness, & Programming Information for OtterFit participants


Otterfit News September 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences Oct 2010

Otterfit News September 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences

Health and Sport Sciences Newsletter

Health, Wellness, & Programming Information for OtterFit participants


Hss Alumni News Fall 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences Oct 2010

Hss Alumni News Fall 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences

Health and Sport Sciences Newsletter

  • At Home at Otterbein by Andrea Johnson
  • Separating Yourself in Sport Management by Dr. Greg Sullivan
  • Otterbein College Returns to Its Roots as a University
  • A Message from the Chair by Dr. Joan Rocks
  • Updates from the Majors


Cardinal Athletics Fall 2010, Otterbein University Oct 2010

Cardinal Athletics Fall 2010, Otterbein University

Cardinal Athletics Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Hss Departmental Developments Fall 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences Oct 2010

Hss Departmental Developments Fall 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences

Health and Sport Sciences Newsletter

  • AustralLearn by Adam Wolfe
  • Board of Trustees and Meeting
  • Updates from the Majors


Otterfit News January 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences Oct 2010

Otterfit News January 2010, Department Of Health And Sport Sciences

Health and Sport Sciences Newsletter

Health, Wellness, & Programming Information for OtterFit participants


Health And Fitness Professionals’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Toward Dietary Supplements., Gina H. Blunt, Kristi M. King Oct 2010

Health And Fitness Professionals’ Knowledge, Attitudes, And Behaviors Toward Dietary Supplements., Gina H. Blunt, Kristi M. King

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Could Sponsor Alliance Spread To North American Sports?, Rick Burton, Norm O'Relly Sep 2010

Could Sponsor Alliance Spread To North American Sports?, Rick Burton, Norm O'Relly

Sport Management - All Scholarship

No abstract provided.


What Is The Number Needed To Treat When Exercise Training Heart Failure Patients?, Neil Smart Sep 2010

What Is The Number Needed To Treat When Exercise Training Heart Failure Patients?, Neil Smart

Neil Smart

Debate exists on the number needed to treat (NNT) to prevent one mortality with exercise training in heart failure patients. The primary aim of this work was to conduct a sensitivity analysis, removing outlying mortality data from a published meta-analysis of exercise training in heart failure patients. A sensitivity analysis was conducted by removing data from one randomized controlled trial that reported particularly high mortality rates and may be considered a data outlier. Annualized NNTs were subsequently calculated for mortality data from a meta-analysis of exercise training in heart failure patients. Sensitivity analysis showed that the mortality benefit reported by …