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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Bovine Respiratory Disease Influences On Nutrition And Nutrient Metabolism, Clinton R. Krehbiel Jan 2020

Bovine Respiratory Disease Influences On Nutrition And Nutrient Metabolism, Clinton R. Krehbiel

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

• Inflammation caused by bovine respiratory disease (BRD) continues to be one of the greatest challenges facing beef cattle producers and feedlot managers.

• BRD results in decreased intake, daily gain, and feed efficiency in feedlot calves, decreasing growth rate and increasing required days on feed.

• Morbidity caused by BRD has been associated with decreased hot carcass weight and poor carcass characteristics.

• Acute phase protein production in the liver, initiated by proinflammatory cytokines, may shift the priority for amino acid and energy use by the host animal during periods of sickness.

• Nutrient requirements for stressed calves seem to be the same as ...


Antioxidant Feeding Does Not Impact Incidence Or Severity Of Liver Abscesses, H. C. Muller, C. L. Van Bibber-Krueger, J. S. Drouillard Jan 2017

Antioxidant Feeding Does Not Impact Incidence Or Severity Of Liver Abscesses, H. C. Muller, C. L. Van Bibber-Krueger, J. S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Liver abscesses are a large source of economic loss in feedlot cattle. Not only do liver abscesses lead to a decrease in feedlot performance, but these livers are condemned in the abattoir and can also lead to a further decrease in carcass value due to trim loss. Tylosin phosphate is a metaphylactic macrolide drug that effectively decreases the occurrence of liver abscesses. The drug is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for over-the-counter use. However, in January 2017 the FDA will require a veterinary feed directive for medically important antibiotics (antibiotics that are used in human health) used in ...


Intermittent Feeding Of Tylan Reduces Use Of In-Feed Antibiotics While Still Controlling Incidence Of Liver Abscesses In Finishing Steers, H. C. Muller, R. G. Amachawadi, H. M. Scott, J. S. Drouillard Jan 2017

Intermittent Feeding Of Tylan Reduces Use Of In-Feed Antibiotics While Still Controlling Incidence Of Liver Abscesses In Finishing Steers, H. C. Muller, R. G. Amachawadi, H. M. Scott, J. S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Liver abscesses are a cause of concern for many feedlots across the country as they lead to a decrease in feedlot performance of finishing cattle as well as a decrease in the final carcass value. Loss in carcass value is due to not only the abscessed liver being condemned, but also due to trim loss associated with the condemned liver. The macrolide drug tylosin phosphate is the drug of choice for metaphylactic treatment of liver abscesses in feedlot cattle. The Food and Drug Administration approved the drug for over-the-counter use, however, from January 2017 all medically important (used in human ...


Supplemental Zinc Sulfate Interacts With Optaflexx In Feedlot Heifers, C. L. Van Bibber-Krueger, R. G. Amachawadi, H. M. Scott, J. M. Gonzalez, J. S. Drouillard Jan 2017

Supplemental Zinc Sulfate Interacts With Optaflexx In Feedlot Heifers, C. L. Van Bibber-Krueger, R. G. Amachawadi, H. M. Scott, J. M. Gonzalez, J. S. Drouillard

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Optaflexx is a beta-adrenergic agonist, and is fed to cattle during the final 28 to 42 days on feed to improve growth rate and feed efficiency. Beta-adrenergic agonists are repartitioning agents that stimulate muscle deposition at the expense of fat deposition. Zinc is a trace mineral element that functions as an important component of many enzyme systems, including those associated with nucleic acid synthesis and metabolism of proteins and carbohydrates, thus making it an essential nutrient for growth. The purpose of this study was to evaluate growth, carcass characteristics, and plasma urea nitrogen concentrations in finishing heifers supplemented with Optaflexx ...


Dehydrated Citrus Pulp Alters Feedlot Performance Of Crossbred Heifers During The Receiving Period And Modulates Serum Metabolite Concentrations Before And After An Endotoxin Challenge, J. T. Cribbs, B. C. Bernhard, T. R. Young, M. A. Jennings, N.C. Burdick Sanchez, J. A. Carroll, T. R. Callaway, T. B. Schmidt, B. J. Johnson, R. J. Rathmann Jan 2015

Dehydrated Citrus Pulp Alters Feedlot Performance Of Crossbred Heifers During The Receiving Period And Modulates Serum Metabolite Concentrations Before And After An Endotoxin Challenge, J. T. Cribbs, B. C. Bernhard, T. R. Young, M. A. Jennings, N.C. Burdick Sanchez, J. A. Carroll, T. R. Callaway, T. B. Schmidt, B. J. Johnson, R. J. Rathmann

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

English × Continental heifers (n = 180) were sourced in 2 loads (219.3 ± 16.0 and 221.4 ± 16.4 kg, respectively) from commercial auction barns to study the effects of feeding dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP) on feedlot performance of newly received heifers. A completely randomized block design was used with BW nested within arrival load and blocked by BW into 3 dietary treatments (36 pens, 5 heifers/ pen, 12 blocks, 3 pens/block, and 12 pens/treatment). Treatment diets contained 1) 0% DCP (control diet [CON]), 2) 10% DCP, or 3) 20% DCP on a DM basis. Diets containing DCP ...


Evaluating Impact Of Diet, Housing And Season Systems On Feedlot Cattle Finishing Programs, Josephat Gichobi Njoka Jan 2014

Evaluating Impact Of Diet, Housing And Season Systems On Feedlot Cattle Finishing Programs, Josephat Gichobi Njoka

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

A four-year study was conducted using 1,987 yearling steers of predominantly mixed British breeds with an average starting weight of approximately 700 lb. The overall objectives of this study was to evaluate feedlot performance, carcass characteristics and expected economic projections for placing steers on feed quarterly per year for a period of 4 yr in different housing-diet systems. A pen with an average of 20 steers was the experimental unit, which was replicated once at the start of every trial period. Treatments were 2-levels of diet, 3-levels of housing, and season with 4-levels per year. The two diets ...


Nutrient Mass Balance And Performance Of Feedlot Cattle Fed Barley Based Diets In Large Pens In Western Canada, Erin M. Hussey Apr 2012

Nutrient Mass Balance And Performance Of Feedlot Cattle Fed Barley Based Diets In Large Pens In Western Canada, Erin M. Hussey

Theses and Dissertations in Animal Science

Three separate large pen commercial feeding trials with approximately 9,000 heifers with either eight or ten reps/treatment were conducted at a Western Feedlots Ltd.- High River, a commercial feedyard near High River, AB, Canada. For all three experiments, Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to segregate feed barley. In Exp. 1, barley was segregated based on digestible energy (DE) content as predicted by NIRS and heifers were fed low or high DE barley, or a 50:50 blend of the two. Feeding low DE barley improved weight gain, dry matter intake (DMI), and mortality; with little effect on ...


Effects Of Functional Oils And Monensin On Cattle Finishing Programs, Tsengeg Purevjav Jan 2011

Effects Of Functional Oils And Monensin On Cattle Finishing Programs, Tsengeg Purevjav

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of this experiment were to evaluate the use of functional oils (FO) mixture and EssentialTM, with and without ionophores on feedlot performance, carcass characteristics and economic analysis of cattle drylot finishing programs. The FO, natural products composed of cashew nut shell oil and castor oil, have been introduced into the United States because they are thought to offer similar benefits as ionophores without the drawbacks of being synthetic products. A two-trial study was conducted using 120 (322 y 10 kg) Angus and Angus crossbred steer calves in each trial. Calves were weighed and assigned to five treatment ...


The Economic Effects Of Sorting Cattle By Weight And Time Of Year Into Different Production Systems1, D. R. Adams, T. J. Klopfenstein, G. E. Erickson, D. R. Mark, Matt K. Luebbe, W. A. Griffin Jan 2010

The Economic Effects Of Sorting Cattle By Weight And Time Of Year Into Different Production Systems1, D. R. Adams, T. J. Klopfenstein, G. E. Erickson, D. R. Mark, Matt K. Luebbe, W. A. Griffin

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

A 2-yr study using 288 steers each year was conducted to determine the economic effects of sorting and feeding genetically similar cattle in different production systems. Steers were purchased at weaning in November and assigned randomly into sorted or unsorted groups. Unsorted steers were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 production systems: calf-fed steers (enter feedlot after weaning), summer yearling, or fall yearling; n = 48 steers per system yearly. For sorted steers, the heaviest third were calf fed and the remaining steers grazed cornstalks during winter. After winter grazing, the heaviest half of those steers were fed as summer yearlings ...


Effects Of Sorting Steers By Body Weight Into Calf-Fed, Summer Yearling, And Fall Yearling Feeding Systems, D. R. Adams, T. J. Klopfenstein, G. E. Erickson, W. A. Griffin, Matt K. Luebbe, Matthew A. Greenquist, J. R. Benton Jan 2010

Effects Of Sorting Steers By Body Weight Into Calf-Fed, Summer Yearling, And Fall Yearling Feeding Systems, D. R. Adams, T. J. Klopfenstein, G. E. Erickson, W. A. Griffin, Matt K. Luebbe, Matthew A. Greenquist, J. R. Benton

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

Two years of data (288 steers/yr) were used to determine if sorting cattle by BW into different production systems would decrease overweight carcasses (>431 kg) and hot carcass weight (HCW) variation. At receiving, steers were assigned randomly into sorted or unsorted groups (n = 144 steers/group). Within a group, steers were assigned to 1 of 3 feeding times: 1) calf-fed (entering the feedlot at receiving), 2) summer yearling (grazed during winter and entering the feedlot in May) and 3) fall yearling (grazed during winter and summer and entering the feedlot in September). Unsorted steers were assigned randomly to a ...


Effects Of Ractopamine (Optaflexx) Fed In Combination With Melengestrol Acetate On Feedlot Heifer Performance, W. A. Griffin, G. E. Erickson, B. D. Dicke, T. J. Klopfenstein, R. J. Cooper, D. J. Jordon, R. S. Swingle, W. M. Moseley, G. E. Sides, D. J. Weigel Jan 2009

Effects Of Ractopamine (Optaflexx) Fed In Combination With Melengestrol Acetate On Feedlot Heifer Performance, W. A. Griffin, G. E. Erickson, B. D. Dicke, T. J. Klopfenstein, R. J. Cooper, D. J. Jordon, R. S. Swingle, W. M. Moseley, G. E. Sides, D. J. Weigel

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

Two commercial feedlot experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding melengestrol acetate (MGA) or MGA plus ractopamine (MGA+OPT) on the performance and carcass characteristics of finishing heifers. In Nebraska (Exp. 1), 1,807 heifers (337.3 ± 20.0 kg) and in Texas (Exp. 2), 1,964 heifers (331.5 ± 6.1 kg) were fed 0.4 mg of MGA daily. For heifers fed MGA+OPT, 200 mg of ractopamine was fed daily the last 29 (Exp. 2) or 36 d (Exp. 1). Live and carcass-adjusted performance data were collected. On a carcass-adjusted basis, G:F for the ...


Effect Of Corn Processing In Finishing Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains On Feedlot Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Steers, K. J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, G. E. Erickson, T. J. Klopfenstein, T. Robb Jan 2008

Effect Of Corn Processing In Finishing Diets Containing Wet Distillers Grains On Feedlot Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Steers, K. J. Vander Pol, Matthew A. Greenquist, G. E. Erickson, T. J. Klopfenstein, T. Robb

Faculty Papers and Publications in Animal Science

Three-hundred sixty calf-fed steers (BW = 318 ± 15 kg) were used in a completely randomized design to evaluate corn processing methods in finishing diets containing wet distillers grains plus solubles (WDGS). Whole corn (WC) was compared with corn processed by different methods, consisting of dryrolled corn (DRC), high-moisture corn (HMC), a 1:1 DRC:HMC combination (DM basis), steam-flaked corn (SFC), and finely-ground corn (FGC). The SFC with a flake density of 0.33 kg/L was obtained from a commercial feedlot. Basal dietary ingredients consisted of ground alfalfa hay (5.6% of DM) and dry supplement (3.0% of DM ...