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2020

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Narrative Justice: Somebody Delivers The Answers That Police Will Not, Neroli Price Dec 2020

Narrative Justice: Somebody Delivers The Answers That Police Will Not, Neroli Price

RadioDoc Review

By investigating Courtney Copeland’s 2016 murder, the podcast series Somebody (2020) does the work that should be done by police. Narrated by Courtney’s mom, Shapearl Wells, the series not only decentres the official police narrative, but also opens up alternative paths towards seeking justice. Situated within the Black Lives Matter movement, calls to defund the police and questions about the usefulness of “objectivity” in journalism, Somebody attempts to put systemic violence on trial and hold those in power to account. Challenging extractive forms of journalism, Somebody moves towards a model of shared authority between producers and their sources ...


The Environmental Protection Agency’S Role In U.S. Climate Policy- A Fifty Year Appraisal, Jody Freeman Dec 2020

The Environmental Protection Agency’S Role In U.S. Climate Policy- A Fifty Year Appraisal, Jody Freeman

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Force To Prevent Recurrence Of Conflict: Where Are The Limits Of Self-Defense?, Laurie R. Blank Dec 2020

The Use Of Force To Prevent Recurrence Of Conflict: Where Are The Limits Of Self-Defense?, Laurie R. Blank

Brooklyn Law Review

The prohibition on the use of force is the central pillar of the international system of peace and security, and yet contemporary conflicts continue to stretch and pressure this foundational rule. This article examines how international law applies to the use of force in the territory of another state for the purpose of preventing a resurgence of violence after a conflict has ended. In the absence of consent or U.N. Security Council authorization, can self-defense be a justification for a state to use force to prevent the resurgence of conflict? In January 2018, the United States announced an intended ...


Lending Innovations, Xuan-Thao Nguyen Dec 2020

Lending Innovations, Xuan-Thao Nguyen

Brooklyn Law Review

This article is about innovations. Startups and their founders in the innovation intensive sectors cannot reach their dreams without financing. They cannot turn to banks for loans. Banks, from community to commercial banks, shun startups due to antiquated banking law, business model and high risks associated with tech lending. But there are outlier banks who disrupt the banking business model with lending innovation, fueling startups with loans that allow tech innovations to occur from Silicon Valley to Route 128 of the northeast corridor, and from Shanghai, China to Herzliya, Israel. With qualitative and quantitative patent data, this article demonstrates how ...


Going Gunless, Dru Stevenson Dec 2020

Going Gunless, Dru Stevenson

Brooklyn Law Review

Firearm policy in the United States is subject to longstanding political gridlock. Up to now, most of the legal academic literature has focused on the constitutionality of various—or any—regulations regarding firearm possession, sales, or usage. This article inverts the problem and proposes a system for voluntary registration and certification of nonowners, those who want to waive or renounce their Second Amendment rights as a matter of personal conviction. The proposed system is analogous to both the registration of conscientious objectors during wartime conscriptions, and the newer suicide prevention laws whereby individuals can add their names to a do-not-sell ...


It’S 1919 Somewhere: What Tennessee Wine & Spirits Retailers Association V. Thomas Means For The National Hangover Of The Twenty-First Amendment, The Dormant Commerce Clause, And Federal Legalization Of Intoxicating Substances., Evan W. Saunders Dec 2020

It’S 1919 Somewhere: What Tennessee Wine & Spirits Retailers Association V. Thomas Means For The National Hangover Of The Twenty-First Amendment, The Dormant Commerce Clause, And Federal Legalization Of Intoxicating Substances., Evan W. Saunders

Brooklyn Law Review

The United States has a drinking problem; or rather, an alcohol problem. In the aftermath of Prohibition and the passage of the Twenty-First Amendment, the Supreme Court has struggled to settle upon an overarching regulatory system for alcohol that is amenable to both the federal government and the states. Most recently, in Tennessee Wine and Spirits Retailers Association v. Thomas, the Court further asserted that alcohol should be treated just like any other good under the Dormant Commerce Clause. This note examines the Court’s Twenty-First Amendment jurisprudence leading up to Tennessee Wine, and suggests an alternate interpretation of the ...


The Regulatory Production Of Vaccine Hesitancy, Eugene Mccarthy Dec 2020

The Regulatory Production Of Vaccine Hesitancy, Eugene Mccarthy

Brooklyn Law Review

This article argues that U.S. vaccine law produces the “anti-vax” movement. The anti-vax movement is a growing problem, as more than half of American parents have concerns about vaccinating their children. Remarkably, these “vaccine-hesitant” individuals tend to be highly educated, wealthy, and experienced parents. Three legal structures cause vaccine hesitancy: strict immunization mandates, lax regulatory oversight, and blanket limited liability for vaccine manufacturers. The United States stands alone with regard to its vaccine mandates—no other developed democracy requires its citizens to receive such a large number of childhood vaccines. Meanwhile, the law permits financial conflicts of interest in ...


Libertad For All? Why The Helms-Burton Act Is An Empty Promise Of “Freedom” For The Cuban People., Cristina L. Lang Dec 2020

Libertad For All? Why The Helms-Burton Act Is An Empty Promise Of “Freedom” For The Cuban People., Cristina L. Lang

Brooklyn Law Review

After the Cuban Revolution, the Castro government nationalized the property of many American nationals, which served as a justification for the Kennedy administration’s decision to institute a general economic embargo on Cuba. This embargo was officially codified in the late 1990s in the Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity (Libertad) Act, enacted by President Bill Clinton. Title III of this Act was suspended since its enactment. By creating a private cause of action for American nationals to sue “traffickers” of their improperly nationalized Cuban property, Title III aims to deter foreign investment into Cuba and compensate American citizens whose Cuban ...


Lessons From Renewable Energy Diffusion For Carbon Dioxide Removal Development, Anthony E. Chavez Dec 2020

Lessons From Renewable Energy Diffusion For Carbon Dioxide Removal Development, Anthony E. Chavez

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Not All Violence In Relationships Is "Domestic Violence", Tamara Kuennen Dec 2020

Not All Violence In Relationships Is "Domestic Violence", Tamara Kuennen

Brooklyn Law Review

This article argues that not all violence in intimate relationships is “domestic violence.” Domestic violence is a pattern of acts perpetrated with a motive: power and control over another. National anti-domestic violence organizations, activists and advocates, and a number of academics agree on this construct of domestic violence. Law, on the other hand, requires neither a pattern nor a motive; it defines domestic violence to include any single act of violence in a relationship, regardless of the perpetrator’s intent. Because legal intervention is the primary intervention for domestic violence today, feminist legal scholars have sought to reform the law ...


Journal Staff Dec 2020

Journal Staff

Alaska Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reframing Housing: Incorporating Public Law Principles Into Private Law, Kristen Barnes Dec 2020

Reframing Housing: Incorporating Public Law Principles Into Private Law, Kristen Barnes

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law

A new public-private law paradigm is developing with respect to the relationship of the state to private contracts. The paradigm melds private law concepts like unconscionability, good faith, and fair dealing with the public human rights principles of dignity and vulnerability. I trace this paradigm shift in the context of the housing law of Spain, where several rich cultural and legal resources have inspired a new sensibility with regard to residential mortgage loan contracts, rental agreements, and the overall duties and obligations of governments to address the citizenry’s housing needs. Although this reorientation reflects decisions from the European Court ...


Foreign Interference In Elections Under The Non-Intervention Principle: We Need To Talk About “Coercion”, Steven Wheatley Dec 2020

Foreign Interference In Elections Under The Non-Intervention Principle: We Need To Talk About “Coercion”, Steven Wheatley

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law

This article looks at the problem of foreign state cyber and influence operations targeting democratic elections through the lens of the non-intervention principle. The work focuses on the meaning of “coercion” following the 1986 Nicaragua case, wherein the International Court of Justice concluded that “[i]ntervention is wrongful when it uses methods of coercion.” The analysis shows that coercion describes a situation where (1) the foreign power wants the target state to do something and wants to be certain this will happen; (2) the outside power then takes some action, either by issuing a coercive threat, using coercive force, or ...


Journal Staff Dec 2020

Journal Staff

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law

No abstract provided.


Cutting Submarine Cables: The Legality Of The Use Of Force In Self-Defense, Blair Shepherd Dec 2020

Cutting Submarine Cables: The Legality Of The Use Of Force In Self-Defense, Blair Shepherd

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law

No abstract provided.


The Hallmarks Of A Good Test: A Proposal For Applying The "Functional Equivalent" Rule From County Of Maui V. Hawaii Wildlife Fund, Damien M. Schiff, Glenn E. Roper Dec 2020

The Hallmarks Of A Good Test: A Proposal For Applying The "Functional Equivalent" Rule From County Of Maui V. Hawaii Wildlife Fund, Damien M. Schiff, Glenn E. Roper

Pace Environmental Law Review

The Clean Water Act generally requires a federal permit for the discharge of pollutants “from any point source” to navigable waters. It is undisputed that permits are required for discharges of pollutants from point sources that proceed “directly” to regulated waters. But there is much disagreement over the extent to which indirect point-source discharges are regulated. In an attempt to clarify, the United States Supreme Court in County of Maui v. Hawaii Wildlife Fund ruled that permits are required not just for direct point-source discharges, but also for any point-source discharge that is the “functional equivalent” of a direct point-source ...


The Fossil Fuel Industry’S Push To Target Climate Protesters In The U.S., Grace Nosek Dec 2020

The Fossil Fuel Industry’S Push To Target Climate Protesters In The U.S., Grace Nosek

Pace Environmental Law Review

At the very moment when the United Nations has called for profound shifts in social and economic systems to avert climate catastrophe, state and non-state actors in the United States (U.S.) are using a series of tactics to target and stifle climate protesters. Although the move to stifle climate protesters is often framed as a government effort, this Article argues it is critical to draw out the role of the fossil fuel industry in initiating, amplifying, and supporting such tactics.

This Article highlights the role the fossil fuel industry has played in supporting the targeting and restricting of climate ...


Unveiling The “Trojan Horses” Of Gentrification: Studies Of Legal Strategies To Combat Environmental Gentrification In Washington, D.C. And New York, N.Y., Sarena Malsin Dec 2020

Unveiling The “Trojan Horses” Of Gentrification: Studies Of Legal Strategies To Combat Environmental Gentrification In Washington, D.C. And New York, N.Y., Sarena Malsin

Pace Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Step Closer: Economic Integration And The African Continental Free Trade Area, Nsongurua J. Udombana Dec 2020

A Step Closer: Economic Integration And The African Continental Free Trade Area, Nsongurua J. Udombana

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law

Post-colonial Africa views economic integration as an endogenous means for attaining self-reliant, sustainable development. Working under various regional and sub-regional economic institutions, states elaborated several norms in search of legitimacy in economic competence. However, several political and economic pathogens, including weak institutions, have blighted those efforts. This paper interrogates the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA or CFTA), which is the latest attempt to reboot the integration drive and achieve sustainable development. The CFTA seeks to create a geographic zone where goods and services will move freely among member states by removing trade distortions and boosting factor mobility, competition, and ...


Innovative Regulatory And Financial Parameters For Advancing Carbon Capture And Storage Technologies, Zen Makuch, Slavina Georgieva & Behdeen Oraee-Mirzamani Dec 2020

Innovative Regulatory And Financial Parameters For Advancing Carbon Capture And Storage Technologies, Zen Makuch, Slavina Georgieva & Behdeen Oraee-Mirzamani

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Regaining Control Over The Climate Change Narrative: How To Stop Right-Wing Populism From Eroding Rule Of Law In The Climate Struggle In India, Binit Agrawal Dec 2020

Regaining Control Over The Climate Change Narrative: How To Stop Right-Wing Populism From Eroding Rule Of Law In The Climate Struggle In India, Binit Agrawal

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Textiles As A Source Of Microfiber Pollution And Potential Solutions, Lea M. Elston Dec 2020

Textiles As A Source Of Microfiber Pollution And Potential Solutions, Lea M. Elston

Fordham Environmental Law Review

No abstract provided.


Essay: Forks In The Road, Michael P. Vandenbergh, Jonathan M. Gilligan Dec 2020

Essay: Forks In The Road, Michael P. Vandenbergh, Jonathan M. Gilligan

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum

This Essay outlines a simple heuristic that will enable public and private policymakers to focus on the most important climate change mitigation strategies. Policymakers face a dizzying array of information, pressure from advocacy groups, and policy options, and it is easy to lose sight of the forest for the trees. Many policy options are attractive on the surface but either fail to meaningfully address the problem or are unlikely to be adopted in the foreseeable future. If policymakers make the right decision when confronting three essential choices or forks in the road, though, the result will be 60% to 70 ...


Where The Deer And The Antelope Play:Conserving Big Game Migrations As An Endangered Phenomena, Temple Stoellinger, Heidi J. Albers, Arthur Middleton, Jason F. Shogren, Robert Bonnie Dec 2020

Where The Deer And The Antelope Play:Conserving Big Game Migrations As An Endangered Phenomena, Temple Stoellinger, Heidi J. Albers, Arthur Middleton, Jason F. Shogren, Robert Bonnie

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum

In the American West, high-profile big game species including mule deer, antelope, elk, moose, bison and bighorn sheep use large landscapes to migrate between winter and summer habitats to obtain the resources they need to survive. The big game species are a vital part of the West’s ecology, economy, and culture and are valued by local, national, and international stakeholders. Thanks to large parcels of private and public land and a low human population, many parts of the American West still provide some of the best big game habitats in the world. But these vast, intact landscapes are under ...


Note: Foundational But Not Fundamental: No Right To The Environment, Robert Torres Dec 2020

Note: Foundational But Not Fundamental: No Right To The Environment, Robert Torres

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum

The world is on fire, and despite a general consensus among scientists that climate change is an imminent threat, recent decades have been devoid of legislatures capable of enacting meaningful legislation. The flames rage on as our President, an outspoken denier of climate change, adds fuel to the fire by stripping whatever attempts had been previously made to mitigate the effects of climate change. Forced to live in what seems a forsaken world, nineteen youths, a nonprofit organization, and a scientist on behalf of all future generations brought suit against the United States government, seeking more robust environmental protections. In ...


Journal Staff Dec 2020

Journal Staff

Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum

No abstract provided.


2019-2020 Annual Report, Caroline L. Osborne Dec 2020

2019-2020 Annual Report, Caroline L. Osborne

Law Library Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Utilization Of Geographical Indication Protection System For Traditional Handicrafts In Indonesia, Ranggalawe Suryasaladin Sugiri Dec 2020

Utilization Of Geographical Indication Protection System For Traditional Handicrafts In Indonesia, Ranggalawe Suryasaladin Sugiri

Indonesia Law Review

This work attempts to analyze the implementation of the GI law and regulations in the traditional handicraft industry in Indonesia. We particularly focus on the natural and human factors that are assessed when stakeholders apply for GI registration for their traditional handicraft products. This work also analyzes the books of requirements of five handicrafts with registered GIs in Indonesia. Indonesia’s GI regulations and policies, especially with regard to handicrafts, are compared with those of India and Thailand. The article comprises four chapters. Chapter 1 introduces the topic of this work. Chapter 2 explores the protection of traditional handicrafts through ...


The Law Of Arbitration Rules That Are Final And Binding, Heru Sugiyono, Heru Suyanto, Rosalia Dika Agustanti Dec 2020

The Law Of Arbitration Rules That Are Final And Binding, Heru Sugiyono, Heru Suyanto, Rosalia Dika Agustanti

Indonesia Law Review

A request in a district court for annulment of an arbitration, or arbitral, award is a form of legal remedy that claims dissatisfaction with the award by one or more parties. It contravenes the provisions that stipulate the finality of the award and its permanently binding legal force. The attempt to invalidate the arbitral award seems to reflect the party’s (or parties’) disobedience to it. The research method here employed normative juridical review of various library materials consisting of primary legal sources from related laws and regulations, secondary materials which formed the explanations used in the analysis of the ...


Legalization Of Waqf Forests In Indonesia: The Registration Process, Miftahul Jannah, Moh. Anas Kholish, Ilham Tohari Dec 2020

Legalization Of Waqf Forests In Indonesia: The Registration Process, Miftahul Jannah, Moh. Anas Kholish, Ilham Tohari

Indonesia Law Review

Waqf (Islamic endowment) is considered one of the alternative solutions to environmental problems in Indonesia. One of the examples is through the establishment of a waqf forest, a conservation initiative in the form of developing forests on waqf land. The development of waqf forests needs to pay attention to the legal side in accordance with the laws and regulations of Indonesia. Previous studies discussed the process of legalizing waqf land in Indonesia, but research about the legalization of waqf forest land is still scarce. This study aims to determine the process of legalizing waqf forests on the basis of Indonesian ...