Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Engineering Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 2991

Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Traffic Signal Optimization Using Multiobjective Linear Programming For Oversaturated Traffic Conditions, Mustafa Murat Coşkun, Cevat Şener, İsmail Hakkı Toroslu Feb 2024

Traffic Signal Optimization Using Multiobjective Linear Programming For Oversaturated Traffic Conditions, Mustafa Murat Coşkun, Cevat Şener, İsmail Hakkı Toroslu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this study, we present a framework designed to optimize signals at intersections experiencing oversaturated traffic conditions, utilizing mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) techniques. The proposed MILP solutions were developed with different objective functions, namely a reduction in the total remaining queue and fair distribution of the remaining queue after each signal cycle. Our framework contains two distinct stages. The initial stage applies two distinct MILP methodologies, while the subsequent stage employs a neighborhood search method to further reduce the delays associated with the green signal timings derived from the first stage. Ultimately, to evaluate their effectiveness across various intersections, we …


Error Performance Enhancement And Complexity Reduction In Ofdm Systems Via Coordinate Interleaving Under Practical Impairments, Mustafa Anıl Reşat, Armed Tusha, Seda Doğan Tusha, Serdar Özyurt, Hüseyin Arslan Feb 2024

Error Performance Enhancement And Complexity Reduction In Ofdm Systems Via Coordinate Interleaving Under Practical Impairments, Mustafa Anıl Reşat, Armed Tusha, Seda Doğan Tusha, Serdar Özyurt, Hüseyin Arslan

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this work, subcarrier coordinate interleaving (CI) is implemented to orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with the aim of both enhancing the error performance and reducing the implementation complexity. To this end, the modulated symbols are independently chosen from a modified M-ary amplitude-shift keying signal constellation under a specific CI strategy. In addition to doubling the diversity level of the original OFDM scheme, the adopted CI approach also drastically reduces the inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) size at the transmit side by guaranteeing the first half of the input vector to be identical with the second half at the …


Artificial Intelligence-Based Evaluation Of The Factors Affecting The Sales Of An Iron And Steel Company, Mehmet Pekkaya, Zafer Uysal, Aytaç Altan, Seçkin Karasu Feb 2024

Artificial Intelligence-Based Evaluation Of The Factors Affecting The Sales Of An Iron And Steel Company, Mehmet Pekkaya, Zafer Uysal, Aytaç Altan, Seçkin Karasu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

It is important to predict the sales of an iron and steel company and to identify the variables that influence these sales for future planning. The aim in this study was to identify and model the key factors that influence the sales volume of an iron and steel company using artificial neural networks (ANNs). We attempted to obtain an integrated result from the performance/sales levels of 5 models, to use the ANN approach with hybrid algorithms, and also to present an exemplary application in the base metals industry, where there is a limited number of studies. This study contributes to …


Fast Grid Search: A Grid Search-Inspired Algorithm For Optimizing Hyperparameters Of Support Vector Regression, Mustafa Açikkar Feb 2024

Fast Grid Search: A Grid Search-Inspired Algorithm For Optimizing Hyperparameters Of Support Vector Regression, Mustafa Açikkar

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This study presents a fast hyperparameter optimization algorithm based on the benefits and shortcomings of the standard grid search (GS) algorithm for support vector regression (SVR). This presented GS-inspired algorithm, called fast grid search (FGS), was tested on benchmark datasets, and the impact of FGS on prediction accuracy was primarily compared with the GS algorithm on which it is based. To validate the efficacy of the proposed algorithm and conduct a comprehensive comparison, two additional hyperparameter optimization techniques, namely particle swarm optimization and Bayesian optimization, were also employed in the development of models on the given datasets. The evaluation of …


Machine Learning Approaches In Comparative Studies For Alzheimer’S Diagnosis Using 2d Mri Slices, Zhen Zhao, Joon Huang Chuah, Chee-Onn Chow, Kaijian Xia, Yee Kai Tee, Yan Chai Hum, Khin Wee Lai Feb 2024

Machine Learning Approaches In Comparative Studies For Alzheimer’S Diagnosis Using 2d Mri Slices, Zhen Zhao, Joon Huang Chuah, Chee-Onn Chow, Kaijian Xia, Yee Kai Tee, Yan Chai Hum, Khin Wee Lai

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is an illness that involves a gradual and irreversible degeneration of the brain. It is crucial to establish a precise diagnosis of AD early on in order to enable prompt therapies and prevent further deterioration. Researchers are currently focusing increasing attention on investigating the potential of machine learning techniques to simplify the automated diagnosis of AD using neuroimaging. The present study involved a comparison of models for the detection of AD through the utilization of 2D image slices obtained from magnetic resonance imaging brain scans. Five models, namely ResNet, ConvNeXt, CaiT, Swin Transformer, and CVT, were implemented …


Fractional Delay-Dependent Load Frequency Controller Design For A Single-Area Power System With Communication Delay, Erhan Yumuk Feb 2024

Fractional Delay-Dependent Load Frequency Controller Design For A Single-Area Power System With Communication Delay, Erhan Yumuk

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This paper proposes a fractional delay-dependent load frequency control design approach for a single-area power system with communication delay based on gain and phase margin specifications. In this approach, the closed-loop reference transfer function relies on the delayed Bode’s transfer function. The gain and phase margin specifications are established in order to optimize the reference model based on three time-domain performance indices. Here, a category of fractional-order model is employed to describe the single-area power system incorporating communication delay. The controller parameters are determined using the fractional-order system model and optimal closed-loop reference model. Then, a delay-dependent control mechanism is …


Grey Wolf Optimization Algorithm-Based Robust Neural Learning Control Of Passive Torque Simulators With Predetermined Performance, Seyyed Amirhossein Saadat, Mohammad Mehdi Fateh, Javad Keighobadi Feb 2024

Grey Wolf Optimization Algorithm-Based Robust Neural Learning Control Of Passive Torque Simulators With Predetermined Performance, Seyyed Amirhossein Saadat, Mohammad Mehdi Fateh, Javad Keighobadi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In flight control systems, the actuators need to tolerate aerodynamic torques and continue their operations without interruption. To this end, using the simulators to test the actuators in conditions close to the real flight is efficient. On the other hand, achieving the guaranteed performance encounters some challenges and practical limitations such as unknown dynamics, external disturbances, and state constraints in reality. Thus, this article attempts to present a robust adaptive neural network learning controller equipped with a disturbance observer for passive torque simulators (PTS) with load torque constraints. The radial basis function networks (RBFNs) are employed to identify the unknown …


Differentially Private Online Bayesian Estimation With Adaptive Truncation, Sinan Yildirim Feb 2024

Differentially Private Online Bayesian Estimation With Adaptive Truncation, Sinan Yildirim

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this paper, a novel online and adaptive truncation method is proposed for differentially private Bayesian online estimation of a static parameter regarding a population. A local differential privacy setting is assumed where sensitive information from individuals is collected on an individual level and sequentially. The inferential aim is to estimate, on the fly, a static parameter regarding the population to which those individuals belong. We propose sequential Monte Carlo to perform online Bayesian estimation. When individuals provide sensitive information in response to a query, it is necessary to corrupt it with privacy-preserving noise to ensure the privacy of those …


Motion Magnification-Inspired Feature Manipulation For Deepfake Detection, Aydamir Mirzayev, Hamdi Di̇bekli̇oğlu Feb 2024

Motion Magnification-Inspired Feature Manipulation For Deepfake Detection, Aydamir Mirzayev, Hamdi Di̇bekli̇oğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Recent advances in deep learning, increased availability of large-scale datasets, and improvement of accelerated graphics processing units facilitated creation of an unprecedented amount of synthetically generated media content with impressive visual quality. Although such technology is used predominantly for entertainment, there is widespread practice of using deepfake technology for malevolent ends. This potential for malicious use necessitates the creation of detection methods capable of reliably distinguishing manipulated video content. In this work we aim to create a learning-based detection method for synthetically generated videos. To this end, we attempt to detect spatiotemporal inconsistencies by leveraging a learning-based magnification-inspired feature manipulation …


Milp Modeling Of Matrix Multiplication: Cryptanalysis Of Klein And Prince, Murat Burhan İlter, Ali Aydın Selçuk Feb 2024

Milp Modeling Of Matrix Multiplication: Cryptanalysis Of Klein And Prince, Murat Burhan İlter, Ali Aydın Selçuk

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) techniques are widely used in cryptanalysis, aiding in the discovery of optimal linear and differential characteristics. This paper delves into the analysis of block ciphers KLEIN and PRINCE using MILP, specifically calculating the best linear and differential characteristics for reduced-round versions. Both ciphers employ matrix multiplication in their diffusion layers, which we model using multiple XOR operations. To this end, we propose two novel MILP models for multiple XOR operations, which use fewer variables and constraints, proving to be more efficient than standard methods for XOR modeling. For differential cryptanalysis, we identify characteristics with a probability …


Automated Identification Of Vehicles In Very High-Resolution Uav Orthomosaics Using Yolov7 Deep Learning Model, Esra Yildirim, Umut Güneş Seferci̇k, Taşkın Kavzoğlu Feb 2024

Automated Identification Of Vehicles In Very High-Resolution Uav Orthomosaics Using Yolov7 Deep Learning Model, Esra Yildirim, Umut Güneş Seferci̇k, Taşkın Kavzoğlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

The utilization of remote sensing products for vehicle detection through deep learning has gained immense popularity, especially due to the advancement of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). UAVs offer millimeter-level spatial resolution at low flight altitudes, which surpasses traditional airborne platforms. Detecting vehicles from very high-resolution UAV data is crucial in numerous applications, including parking lot and highway management, traffic monitoring, search and rescue missions, and military operations. Obtaining UAV data at desired periods allows the detection and tracking of target objects even several times during a day. Despite challenges such as diverse vehicle characteristics, traffic congestion, and hardware limitations, the …


Longitudinal Attacks Against Iterative Data Collection With Local Differential Privacy, Mehmet Emre Gürsoy Feb 2024

Longitudinal Attacks Against Iterative Data Collection With Local Differential Privacy, Mehmet Emre Gürsoy

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Local differential privacy (LDP) has recently emerged as an accepted standard for privacy-preserving collection of users’ data from smartphones and IoT devices. In many practical scenarios, users’ data needs to be collected repeatedly across multiple iterations. In such cases, although each collection satisfies LDP individually by itself, a longitudinal collection of multiple responses from the same user degrades that user’s privacy. To demonstrate this claim, in this paper, we propose longitudinal attacks against iterative data collection with LDP. We formulate a general Bayesian adversary model, and then individually show the application of this adversary model on six popular LDP protocols: …


A Novel Extended Reaction Force/Torque Observer With Impedance Control, İlkay Turaç Özçeli̇k, Abdurrahman Eray Baran Feb 2024

A Novel Extended Reaction Force/Torque Observer With Impedance Control, İlkay Turaç Özçeli̇k, Abdurrahman Eray Baran

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

This paper proposes a new extended version of the reaction force observer (RFOB) for high-precision motion control systems. The RFOB has been proven to be useful for many applications in the literature. However, because of the low-pass filter present inside of the RFOB, it has certain limitations. In this study, a new algorithm is proposed to compensate for filtering-based errors in the classical RFOB structure. The algorithm includes the differentiation of the observed force and scaling with a proper value. However, since the force has a noisy nature, differentiation also affects the signal’s stability and performance. To resolve this issue, …


A Comparative Study Of Blind Source Separation Methods, Burak Baysal, Mehmet Önder Efe Nov 2023

A Comparative Study Of Blind Source Separation Methods, Burak Baysal, Mehmet Önder Efe

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Blind source separation is a popular research topic used for decomposing mixed signals, particularly in the field of music. In addition to exploring machine learning-based approaches, this study aims to examine the performance of classical algorithms in separating audio signal sources. The evaluation of different genres is a significant aspect of this study as the performance of the methods may vary across various musical genres and different audio components. This consideration provides a novel perspective and contributes to a comprehensive analysis of the algorithms. Using the MusDB-HQ dataset, we conducted experimental studies comparing classical algorithms, including FastICA, NMF, and DUET, …


Charge Transfer Evaluation In Solid Insulating Materials Encapsulating The Gaseous Voids Of Submillimeter Dimensions Using Transmission Line Method, Amin Shamsi, Alireza Ganjovi, Amir Abas Shayegani Akmal Nov 2023

Charge Transfer Evaluation In Solid Insulating Materials Encapsulating The Gaseous Voids Of Submillimeter Dimensions Using Transmission Line Method, Amin Shamsi, Alireza Ganjovi, Amir Abas Shayegani Akmal

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this work, using a lumped RC circuit model which is based on transmission line modeling (TLM) method, the charge transfer in a solid insulating system encapsulating a gaseous void of submillimeter dimensions is evaluated. Here, both the dielectric material and gaseous void are considered simultaneously as a transmission line. The transmission line includes the capacitive and resistance elements and, the obtained circuit equations were coupled with the continuity and kinetic energy equations for charged species along with Poisson's equation. These equations are solved via 4th order Runge-Kutta method and, the electric field and potential, density of all the charged …


A Practical Low-Dimensional Feature Vector Generation Method Based On Wavelet Transform For Psychophysiological Signals, Erdem Erkan, Yasemi̇n Erkan Nov 2023

A Practical Low-Dimensional Feature Vector Generation Method Based On Wavelet Transform For Psychophysiological Signals, Erdem Erkan, Yasemi̇n Erkan

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

High-dimensional feature vectors entail computational cost and computational complexity. However, a successful classification can be obtained with an optimally sized feature vector consisting of distinctive features. With the widespread use of the internet and mobile devices, the need for systems with low computational costs is increasing day by day. In this study, starting from the idea that each motor imagery is represented as a subject-specific pattern in the brain, we propose a new and practical method that can generate a low-dimensional feature vector based on wavelet transform. The feature vector is obtained from the correlation between each trial and each …


Exploring The Impact Of Training Datasets On Turkish Stance Detection, Muhammed Sai̇d Zengi̇n, Berk Utku Yeni̇sey, Mücahi̇d Kutlu Nov 2023

Exploring The Impact Of Training Datasets On Turkish Stance Detection, Muhammed Sai̇d Zengi̇n, Berk Utku Yeni̇sey, Mücahi̇d Kutlu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Stance detection has garnered considerable attention from researchers due to its broad range of applications, including fact-checking and social computing. While state-of-the-art stance detection models are usually based on supervised machine learning methods, their effectiveness is heavily reliant on the quality of training data. This problem is more prevalent in stance detection task because the stance of a text is intimately tied to the target under consideration. While numerous datasets exist for stance detection, determining their suitability for a specific target can be challenging. In this work, we focus on Turkish stance detection and explore the impact of training data …


Fuzzycsampling: A Hybrid Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Sampling Strategy For Imbalanced Datasets, Abdullah Maraş, Çi̇ğdem Erol Nov 2023

Fuzzycsampling: A Hybrid Fuzzy C-Means Clustering Sampling Strategy For Imbalanced Datasets, Abdullah Maraş, Çi̇ğdem Erol

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Classification model with imbalanced datasets is recently one of the most researched areas in machine learning applications since they induce to the emergence of low-performing machine learning models. The imbalanced datasets occur if target variables have an uneven number of examples in a dataset. The most prevalent solutions to imbalanced datasets can be categorized as data preprocessing, ensemble techniques, and cost-sensitive learning. In this article, we propose a new hybrid approach for binary classification, named FuzzyCSampling, which aims to increase model performance by ensembling fuzzy c-means clustering and data sampling solutions. This article compares the proposed approaches' results not only …


A Novel Computing Scheme Based On Pattern Matching For Identification Of Nephron Loss And Chronic Kidney Disease Stage, Rehan Ahmad, Basant Mohanty Nov 2023

A Novel Computing Scheme Based On Pattern Matching For Identification Of Nephron Loss And Chronic Kidney Disease Stage, Rehan Ahmad, Basant Mohanty

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Nephrons are the basic filtering units of the kidneys. Progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) destroys nephrons permanently. Although there are many computing schemes suggested in recent years to identify CKD stages, no computing method has been suggested for identifying the nephron loss within kidney regions during CKD progression. In this paper, a novel pattern matching-based computation scheme is proposed to detect nephron loss in the kidney regions during CKD progression. We consider image registration (IR) with different transforms and a structural similarity index algorithm (SSIM) to match patterns of ultrasound images of kidney regions to identify the nephron loss. …


New Modified Carrier-Based Level-Shifted Pwm Control For Npc Rectifiers Considered For Implementation In Ev Fast Chargers, Merve Mollahasanoğlu, Hakki Mollahasanoğlu, Hali̇l İbrahi̇m Okumuş Nov 2023

New Modified Carrier-Based Level-Shifted Pwm Control For Npc Rectifiers Considered For Implementation In Ev Fast Chargers, Merve Mollahasanoğlu, Hakki Mollahasanoğlu, Hali̇l İbrahi̇m Okumuş

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this study, the aim is to evaluate three-phase (3?) AC/DC neutral point-clamped (NPC) power factor corrected (PFC) multilevel converter performance for electric vehicle (EV) fast chargers. Power factor correction for EV fast chargers is very important in terms of efficient power usage and charger compatibility with the grid. Multilevel converters improve charging efficiency, reduce voltage stresses on components, minimize electromagnetic interference, and support high power capabilities. For this reason, multilevel converters with the PFC feature contribute to the reliable and effective operation of the fast-charging infrastructure. Rectifier analysis is tested with extensive simulations using a new modified carrier-based level-shifted …


A Comparative Study Of Yolo Models And A Transformer-Based Yolov5 Model For Mass Detection In Mammograms, Damla Coşkun, Dervi̇ş Karaboğa, Alper Baştürk, Bahri̇ye Akay, Özkan Ufuk Nalbantoğlu, Serap Doğan, İshak Paçal, Meryem Altin Karagöz Nov 2023

A Comparative Study Of Yolo Models And A Transformer-Based Yolov5 Model For Mass Detection In Mammograms, Damla Coşkun, Dervi̇ş Karaboğa, Alper Baştürk, Bahri̇ye Akay, Özkan Ufuk Nalbantoğlu, Serap Doğan, İshak Paçal, Meryem Altin Karagöz

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Breast cancer is a prevalent form of cancer across the globe, and if it is not diagnosed at an early stage it can be life-threatening. In order to aid in its diagnosis, detection, and classification, computer-aided detection (CAD) systems are employed. You Only Look Once (YOLO)-based CAD algorithms have become very popular owing to their highly accurate results for object detection tasks in recent years. Therefore, the most popular YOLO models are implemented to compare the performance in mass detection with various experiments on the INbreast dataset. In addition, a YOLO model with an integrated Swin Transformer in its backbone …


Machine Learning Based Bioinformatics Analysis Of Intron Usage Alterations And Metabolic Regulation In Adipose Browning, Hamza Umut Karakurt, Pinar Pi̇r Nov 2023

Machine Learning Based Bioinformatics Analysis Of Intron Usage Alterations And Metabolic Regulation In Adipose Browning, Hamza Umut Karakurt, Pinar Pi̇r

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Adipose tissue is the major energy depot of the body and is considered an endocrine organ. Adipose tissue involves many different cell types, first and foremost, the adipocytes. White adipose cells that store fat and brown adipocytes that take part in lipid oxidation and heat generation are the most common cell types in adipose tissue. Even though brown adipocytes which have a high number of mitochondria and high fat-burning capacity are rare in adults, they are abundant in newborns and rodents. White adipocytes can gain a temporal brown-like character with a process called browning, which can be induced with cold …


Feature Selection Optimization With Filtering And Wrapper Methods: Two Disease Classification Cases, Serhat Ati̇k, Tuğba Dalyan Nov 2023

Feature Selection Optimization With Filtering And Wrapper Methods: Two Disease Classification Cases, Serhat Ati̇k, Tuğba Dalyan

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Discarding the less informative and redundant features helps to reduce the time required to train a learning algorithm and the amount of storage required, improving the learning accuracy as well as the quality of results. In this study, we present different feature selection approaches to address the problem of disease classification based on the Parkinson and Cardiac Arrhythmia datasets. For this purpose, first we utilize three filtering algorithms including the Pearson correlation coefficient, Spearman correlation coefficient, and relief. Second, metaheuristic algorithms are compared to find the most informative subset of the features to obtain better classification accuracy. As a final …


Lsav: Lightweight Source Address Validation In Sdn To Counteract Ip Spoofing-Based Ddos Attacks, Ali̇ Karakoç, Fati̇h Alagöz Nov 2023

Lsav: Lightweight Source Address Validation In Sdn To Counteract Ip Spoofing-Based Ddos Attacks, Ali̇ Karakoç, Fati̇h Alagöz

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this paper, we propose a design to detect and prevent IP spoofing-based distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks on software-defined networks (SDNs). DDoS attacks are still one of the significant problems for internet service providers (ISPs) and individual users. These attacks can disrupt customer services by targeting the availability of the system, and in some cases, they can completely shut down the target infrastructure. Protecting the system against DDoS attacks is therefore crucial for ensuring the reliability and availability of internet services. To address this problem, we propose a lightweight source address validation (LSAV) framework that leverages the flexibility …


Multi-View Brain Tumor Segmentation (Mvbts): An Ensemble Of Planar And Triplanar Attention Unets, Snehal Rajput, Rupal Kapdi, Mehul Raval, Mohendra Roy Oct 2023

Multi-View Brain Tumor Segmentation (Mvbts): An Ensemble Of Planar And Triplanar Attention Unets, Snehal Rajput, Rupal Kapdi, Mehul Raval, Mohendra Roy

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

3D UNet has achieved high brain tumor segmentation performance but requires high computation, large memory, abundant training data, and has limited interpretability. As an alternative, the paper explores using 2D triplanar (2.5D) processing, which allows images to be examined individually along axial, sagittal, and coronal planes or together. The individual plane captures spatial relationships, and combined planes capture contextual (depth) information. The paper proposes and analyzes an ensemble of uniplanar and triplanar UNets combined with channel and spatial attention for brain tumor segmentation. It investigates the significance of each plane and analyzes the impact of uniplanar and triplanar ensembles with …


Hybrid Machine Learning Model To Predict Chronic Kidney Diseases Using Handcrafted Features For Early Health Rehabilitation, Amjad Rehman, Tanzila Saba, Haider Ali, Narmine Elhakim, Noor Ayesha Oct 2023

Hybrid Machine Learning Model To Predict Chronic Kidney Diseases Using Handcrafted Features For Early Health Rehabilitation, Amjad Rehman, Tanzila Saba, Haider Ali, Narmine Elhakim, Noor Ayesha

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Chronic kidney diseases proliferate due to hypertension, diabetes, anemia, obesity, smoking etc. Patients with such conditions are sometimes unaware of first symptoms, complicating disease diagnosis. This paper presents chronic kidney disease (CKD) prediction model to classify CKD patients from NCKD (Non-CKD). The proposed study has two main stages. First, we found the odds ratio through logistic regression and comparison test to identify early risk factors from kidneys? MRI and differentiate CKD from NCKD subjects. In stage 2, LR, LDA, MLP classifiers were applied to predict CKD and NCKD by extracting features from MRI. The odds ratio of blood glucose random …


Enhancing Exploration-Exploitation In Harmony Search For Airborne Hyperspectral Imaging Band Selection (E3hs), Mohammed Abdulmajeed Moharram, Divya Meena Sundaram Oct 2023

Enhancing Exploration-Exploitation In Harmony Search For Airborne Hyperspectral Imaging Band Selection (E3hs), Mohammed Abdulmajeed Moharram, Divya Meena Sundaram

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Hyperspectral imaging has emerged as a prominent area of research in the field of remote sensing science. However, hyperspectral images (HSIs) pose a notable challenge due to the presence of numerous irrelevant and redundant spectral bands exhibiting high correlation. Therefore, it is necessary to enhance the classification performance for HSI processing by selecting the most relevant discriminative spectral bands. To this end, this paper introduces a metaheuristic search method called enhancing exploration-exploitation in harmony search (E3HS). The standard harmony search suffers from many weaknesses, such as premature convergence and falling easily into the local optimum. Consequently, E3HS was proposed to …


A Unique Hybrid Domain Hand-Crafted Feature To Classify Colorectal Tissue Histopathological Images Using Multiheaded Cnn, Anurodh Kumar, Amit Vishwakarma, Varun Bajaj Oct 2023

A Unique Hybrid Domain Hand-Crafted Feature To Classify Colorectal Tissue Histopathological Images Using Multiheaded Cnn, Anurodh Kumar, Amit Vishwakarma, Varun Bajaj

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Early diagnosis of colorectal cancer lengthens human life and is helpful in efforts to cure the illness. Histopathological inspection is a routinely utilized technique to diagnose it. Visual assessment of histopathological images takes more investigation time, and the decision is based on the individual perceptions of clinicians. The existing methods for colorectal cancer classification use only spatial information. However, studies on the spectral domains of information are lacking in the literature. Therefore, the performance of the existing techniques is moderate. To improve the performance of colorectal cancer classification, this work proposes a unique hybrid domain hand-crafted feature formulated using scale-invariant …


Focal Modulation Network For Lung Segmentation In Chest X-Ray Images, Şaban Öztürk, Tolga Çukur Oct 2023

Focal Modulation Network For Lung Segmentation In Chest X-Ray Images, Şaban Öztürk, Tolga Çukur

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Segmentation of lung regions is of key importance for the automatic analysis of Chest X-Ray (CXR) images, which have a vital role in the detection of various pulmonary diseases. Precise identification of lung regions is the basic prerequisite for disease diagnosis and treatment planning. However, achieving precise lung segmentation poses significant challenges due to factors such as variations in anatomical shape and size, the presence of strong edges at the rib cage and clavicle, and overlapping anatomical structures resulting from diverse diseases. Although commonly considered as the de-facto standard in medical image segmentation, the convolutional UNet architecture and its variants …


Infrared Imaging Segmentation Employing An Explainable Deep Neural Network, Xinfei Liao, Dan Wang, Zairan Li, Nilanjan Dey, Rs Simon, Fuqian Shi Oct 2023

Infrared Imaging Segmentation Employing An Explainable Deep Neural Network, Xinfei Liao, Dan Wang, Zairan Li, Nilanjan Dey, Rs Simon, Fuqian Shi

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

Explainable AI (XAI) improved by a deep neural network (DNN) of a residual neural network (ResNet) and long short-term memory networks (LSTMs), termed XAIRL, is proposed for segmenting foot infrared imaging datasets. First, an infrared sensor imaging dataset is acquired by a foot infrared sensor imaging device and preprocessed. The infrared sensor image features are then defined and extracted with XAIRL being applied to segment the dataset. This paper compares and discusses our results with XAIRL. Evaluation indices are applied to perform various measurements for foot infrared image segmentation including accuracy, precision, recall, F1 score, intersection over union (IoU), Dice …