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Robotics

2021

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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

3d Bionic Arm, Anny Baez Silfa Dec 2021

3d Bionic Arm, Anny Baez Silfa

Publications and Research

Previous work had been done on what was an adaptation of a robotic arm for Roboqueen, which is a persistent research project of the Department of Computer Engineering Technology. This robotic arm consisted of removing the cardboard hands from the Roboqueen and being replaced by 3D printed fingers and wrists to add functionality that did not exist before. Servo motors connected to Arduinos hidden in the forearm will be used to move the fingers and pick up and hold objects in the hand. Currently, the Finger Myoware is an update of the robotic arm in order to understand how prosthetic ...


Human-Robot Teaming Configurations: A Study Of Interpersonal Communication Perceptions And Affective Learning In Higher Education, Bryan Abendschein, Chad Edwards, Autumn P. Edwards, Varun Rijhwani, Jasmine Stahl Sep 2021

Human-Robot Teaming Configurations: A Study Of Interpersonal Communication Perceptions And Affective Learning In Higher Education, Bryan Abendschein, Chad Edwards, Autumn P. Edwards, Varun Rijhwani, Jasmine Stahl

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

Technology encourages collaboration in creative ways in the classroom. Specifically, social robots may offer new opportunities for greater innovation in teaching. In this study, we combined the established literature on co-teaching teams with the developing field of machine actors used in education to investigate the impressions students had of different team configurations that included both a human and a robot. Participants saw one of three teams composed of a human and a social robot with different responsibilities present a short, prerecorded lecture (i.e., human as lead teacher-robot as teaching assistant, robot as lead teacher-human as teaching assistant, human and ...


A New Era Of Education: Incorporating Machine Teachers Into Education, Jihyun Kim Sep 2021

A New Era Of Education: Incorporating Machine Teachers Into Education, Jihyun Kim

Journal of Communication Pedagogy

This editorial briefly discusses the potential of machine agents in education that can assist in creating more positive and meaningful teaching and learning environments. Then, it introduces three articles, two empirical research studies and one research-based instructional activity, compromising a special section on “Machine Teachers in Education” of Journal of Communication Pedagogy. Collectively, these articles help us better understand the role of machines in education and facilitate intellectual dialogues.


Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 3. Diffusion Of Human-Machine Communication During And After The Covid-19 Pandemic Sep 2021

Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 3. Diffusion Of Human-Machine Communication During And After The Covid-19 Pandemic

Human-Machine Communication

This is the complete volume of HMC Volume 3. Diffusion of Human-Machine Communication During and After the COVID-19 Pandemic


What Will Affect The Diffusion Of Ai Agents?, James W. Dearing Sep 2021

What Will Affect The Diffusion Of Ai Agents?, James W. Dearing

Human-Machine Communication

For billions of people, the threat of the Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and its variants has precipitated the adoption of new behaviors. Pandemics are radical events that disrupt the gradual course of societal change, offering the possibility that some rapidly adopted innovations will persist in use past the time period of the event and, thus, diffuse more rapidly than in the absence of such an event. Human-machine communication includes a range of technologies with which many of us have quickly become more familiar due to stay-athome orders, distancing, workplace closures, remote instruction, home-bound entertainment, fear of contracting COVID-19, and boredom. In ...


The Role Of Vidura Chatbot In The Diffusion Of Knowcovid-19 Gateway, Kerk F. Kee, Prasad P. Calyam, Hariharan Regunath Sep 2021

The Role Of Vidura Chatbot In The Diffusion Of Knowcovid-19 Gateway, Kerk F. Kee, Prasad P. Calyam, Hariharan Regunath

Human-Machine Communication

The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented global emergency. Clinicians and medical researchers are suddenly thrown into a situation where they need to keep up with the latest and best evidence for decision-making at work in order to save lives and develop solutions for COVID-19 treatments and preventions. However, a challenge is the overwhelming numbers of online publications with a wide range of quality. We explain a science gateway platform designed to help users to filter the overwhelming amount of literature efficiently (with speed) and effectively (with quality), to find answers to their scientific questions. It is equipped with a chatbot ...


Communicative Development And Diffusion Of Humanoid Ai Robots For The Post-Pandemic Health Care System, Do Kyun David Kim, Gary Kreps, Rukhsana Ahmed Sep 2021

Communicative Development And Diffusion Of Humanoid Ai Robots For The Post-Pandemic Health Care System, Do Kyun David Kim, Gary Kreps, Rukhsana Ahmed

Human-Machine Communication

As humanoid robot technology, anthropomorphized by artificial intelligence (AI), has rapidly advanced to introduce more human-resembling automated robots that can communicate, interact, and work like humans, we have begun to expect active interactions with Humanoid AI Robots (HAIRs) in the near future. Coupled with the HAIR technology development, the COVID-19 pandemic triggered our interest in using health care robots with many substantial advantages that overcome critical human vulnerabilities against the strong infectious COVID-19 virus. Recognizing the tremendous potential for the active application of HAIRs, this article explores feasible ways to implement HAIRs in health care and patient services and suggests ...


Our Future Arrived: Diffusion Of Human-Machine Communication And Transformation Of The World For The Post-Pandemic Era, Do Kyun David Kim, Gary Kreps, Rukhsana Ahmed Sep 2021

Our Future Arrived: Diffusion Of Human-Machine Communication And Transformation Of The World For The Post-Pandemic Era, Do Kyun David Kim, Gary Kreps, Rukhsana Ahmed

Human-Machine Communication

The world is getting into a new phase in history. For the first time, humans are verbally communicating and developing meaningful relationships with non-living objects. AI is a wormhole to open a gateway to the new world, and the COVID-19 pandemic prepared the world to transform its system to be an open system that responds to, communicates with, and utilizes the remnants coming out of the wormhole of the new world. Now, we urgently need to create a holistic discourse on how we can recognize, develop, or shape the identities of communicable machines as people develop a partnership with them ...


Sabr: Development Of A Neuromorphic Balancing Robot, Alec Yen, Yaw Mensah, Mark Dean Sep 2021

Sabr: Development Of A Neuromorphic Balancing Robot, Alec Yen, Yaw Mensah, Mark Dean

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

We discuss the development of a self-adjusted balancing robot (SABR) using a neuromorphic computing framework for control. Implementations of two-wheeled balancing robots have been achieved using traditional algorithms, often in the form of proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control. We aim to achieve the same task using a neuromorphic architecture, which offers potential for higher power efficiency than conventional processing techniques. We utilize evolutionary optimization (EO) and the second iteration of Dynamic Adaptive Neural Network Arrays (DANNA2) developed by the Laboratory of Tennesseans Exploring Neural Networks (TENNLab). For the purpose of comparison, a traditional balancing robot was first designed using PID control; the ...


Cooperative Localization Between Robots Using Vision And Path Planning Algorithm, Charles Koduru Aug 2021

Cooperative Localization Between Robots Using Vision And Path Planning Algorithm, Charles Koduru

Symposium of Student Scholars

The aim of this article is to provide an obstacle avoidance solution for navigating a robot from one point to another. The robots that are being considered are the NAOHumanoid robot and the wheeled robot Rosbot 2.0. This article's main purpose is to understand how robots work together to minimize positioning errors. The image processing robot (NAO) will be able to instruct the wheeled bot (Rosbot) to navigate around obstacles more accurately by incorporating Inverse Perspective Mapping methods (IPM) and the A-Star Algorithm. This approach demonstrates the ability to improve robot collaboration in order to diagnose various collisions ...


Data-Driven Learning For Robot Physical Intelligence, Leidi Zhao Aug 2021

Data-Driven Learning For Robot Physical Intelligence, Leidi Zhao

Dissertations

The physical intelligence, which emphasizes physical capabilities such as dexterous manipulation and dynamic mobility, is essential for robots to physically coexist with humans. Much research on robot physical intelligence has achieved success on hyper robot motor capabilities, but mostly through heavily case-specific engineering. Meanwhile, in terms of robot acquiring skills in a ubiquitous manner, robot learning from human demonstration (LfD) has achieved great progress, but still has limitations handling dynamic skills and compound actions. In this dissertation, a composite learning scheme which goes beyond LfD and integrates robot learning from human definition, demonstration, and evaluation is proposed. This method tackles ...


Mechanical Design And Development Of A Compliant 5-Dof Manipulator Using Magneto-Rheological Actuators, Sergey Pisetskiy Aug 2021

Mechanical Design And Development Of A Compliant 5-Dof Manipulator Using Magneto-Rheological Actuators, Sergey Pisetskiy

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Compliance in robotic systems became a very important and desirable characteristic in recent years. Existing compliant actuation approaches have either limited performance or significant mechanical and control complexity. Keeping high performance while maintaining the necessary level of compliance at low cost and minimum complexity is a challenging goal that should be achieved to boost the propagation of human-safe robots and systems capable to perform delicate tasks in an unknown environment.

This study presents a novel five degrees-of-freedom compliant manipulator. The compliancy of the manipulator is achieved using antagonistically working pairs of magneto-rheological (MR) clutches in each joint of the robot ...


Visual Cues For Semi-Autonomous Control Of Transradial Prosthetics, Mena S.A. Kamel Aug 2021

Visual Cues For Semi-Autonomous Control Of Transradial Prosthetics, Mena S.A. Kamel

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Upper-limb prosthetics are typically driven exclusively by biological signals, mainly electromyography (EMG), where electrodes are placed on the residual part of an amputated limb. In this approach, amputees must control each arm joint iteratively, in a proportional manner. Research has shown that sequential control of prosthetics usually imposes a cognitive burden on amputees, leading to high abandonment rates. This thesis presents a control system for upper-limb prosthetics, leveraging a computer vision module capable of simultaneously predicting objects in a scene, their segmentation mask, and a ranked list of the optimal grasping locations. The proposed system shares control with an amputee ...


How Ai Is Socialized To Exhibit Bias, Andrew Treece Aug 2021

How Ai Is Socialized To Exhibit Bias, Andrew Treece

Sociology Student Work Collection

Artificial intelligence is becoming a more prevalent part of our society. This presentation seeks to explore some of the dangers of AI in relation to gender and racial bias from the sociological perspective.


Sensor Fusion For Object Detection And Tracking In Autonomous Vehicles, Mohamad Ramin Nabati Aug 2021

Sensor Fusion For Object Detection And Tracking In Autonomous Vehicles, Mohamad Ramin Nabati

Doctoral Dissertations

Autonomous driving vehicles depend on their perception system to understand the environment and identify all static and dynamic obstacles surrounding the vehicle. The perception system in an autonomous vehicle uses the sensory data obtained from different sensor modalities to understand the environment and perform a variety of tasks such as object detection and object tracking. Combining the outputs of different sensors to obtain a more reliable and robust outcome is called sensor fusion. This dissertation studies the problem of sensor fusion for object detection and object tracking in autonomous driving vehicles and explores different approaches for utilizing deep neural networks ...


Design And Simulation Of A Supervisory Control System For Hybrid Manufacturing, Michael Buckley Aug 2021

Design And Simulation Of A Supervisory Control System For Hybrid Manufacturing, Michael Buckley

Masters Theses

The research teams of Dr. Bill Hamel, Dr. Bradley Jared and Dr. Tony Schmitz were tasked by the Office of Naval Research to create a hybrid manufacturing process for a reduced scale model of a naval ship propeller. The base structure of the propeller is created using Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM), which is then scanned to compare created geometry to desired geometry. The propeller is then machined down to match the desired geometry. This process is iterated upon until the final product meets design tolerances. Due to the complex nature and numerous industrial machines used in the process, it ...


Connecting Islamic Technology And The History Of Robotics In Wikidata Via Wikidatabot, Anchalee Panigabutra-Roberts Jul 2021

Connecting Islamic Technology And The History Of Robotics In Wikidata Via Wikidatabot, Anchalee Panigabutra-Roberts

UT Libraries Faculty: Other Publications and Presentations

My current study is on the connection between the history of robotics and Islamic technology. I focused on early Muslim inventors, such as al-Jazari, from Artuqid Dynasty of Jazira in Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq, Syria and Turkey) who is considered to be the father of robotics. His wrote the Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices, the manuscript treaty published after his passing in 1206, translated by Donald R. Hill, a British engineer and scholar on Islamic technology, in 1974. The manuscript in Arabic (MS. Greaves 27) is archived at the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford, United Kingdom. In this ...


Origami-Inspired Robot That Swims Via Jet Propulsion, Zhiyuan Yang, Dongsheng Chen, David J. Levine, Cynthia R. Sung Jul 2021

Origami-Inspired Robot That Swims Via Jet Propulsion, Zhiyuan Yang, Dongsheng Chen, David J. Levine, Cynthia R. Sung

Lab Papers (GRASP)

Underwater swimmers present unique opportunities for using bodily reconfiguration for self propulsion. Origami-inspired designs are low-cost, fast to fabricate, robust, and can be used to create compliant mechanisms useful in energy efficient underwater locomotion. In this paper, we demonstrate an origami-inspired robot that can change its body shape to ingest and expel water, creating a jet that propels it forward similarly to cephalopods. We use the magic ball origami pattern, which can transform between ellipsoidal (low volume) and spherical (high volume) shapes. A custom actuation mechanism contracts the robot to take in fluid, and the inherent mechanics of the magic ...


Review Of Data Mining Techniques For Detecting Churners In The Telecommunication Industry, Mahmoud Ewieda, Mohamed Ismail Roushdy, Essam Shaaban Jul 2021

Review Of Data Mining Techniques For Detecting Churners In The Telecommunication Industry, Mahmoud Ewieda, Mohamed Ismail Roushdy, Essam Shaaban

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

The telecommunication sector has been developed rapidly and with large amounts of data obtained as a result of increasing in the number of subscribers, modern techniques, data-based applications, and services. As well as better awareness of customer requirements and excellent quality that meets their satisfaction. This satisfaction raises rivalry between firms to maintain the quality of their services and upgrade them. These data can be helpfully extracted for analysis and used for predicting churners. Researchers around the world have conducted important research to understand the uses of Data mining (DM) that can be used to predict customers' churn. This paper ...


Reconfiguring Non-Convex Holes In Pivoting Modular Cube Robots, Daniel Adam Feshbach, Cynthia Sung Jul 2021

Reconfiguring Non-Convex Holes In Pivoting Modular Cube Robots, Daniel Adam Feshbach, Cynthia Sung

Lab Papers (GRASP)

We present an algorithm for self-reconfiguration of admissible 3D configurations of pivoting modular cube robots with holes of arbitrary shape and number. Cube modules move across the surface of configurations by pivoting about shared edges, enabling configurations to reshape themselves. Previous work provides a reconfiguration algorithm for admissible 3D configurations containing no non-convex holes; we improve upon this by handling arbitrary admissible 3D configurations. The key insight specifies a point in the deconstruction of layers enclosing non-convex holes at which we can pause and move inner modules out of the hole. We prove this happens early enough to maintain connectivity ...


Fasten: An Iot Platform For Supply Chain Management In A Covid-19 Pandemic Scenario, Fernando Lemos, Thays Do Nascimento, Gustavo Dalmarco Jun 2021

Fasten: An Iot Platform For Supply Chain Management In A Covid-19 Pandemic Scenario, Fernando Lemos, Thays Do Nascimento, Gustavo Dalmarco

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

This paper points out the major disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. It proposes an automated Internet-of-Things (IoT) based manufacturing and supply chain system, termed FASTEN, that can deal with such severe disruptions.


Three Degrees Of Freedom Robotic Arm And Its Digital Twin Using Simulink – A Bibliometric Analysis, Bharath Suthar Mr., Arunkumar Bongale Dr, Satish Kumar Dr, Anupkumar Bongale Dr Jun 2021

Three Degrees Of Freedom Robotic Arm And Its Digital Twin Using Simulink – A Bibliometric Analysis, Bharath Suthar Mr., Arunkumar Bongale Dr, Satish Kumar Dr, Anupkumar Bongale Dr

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The 3-degree Digital Twin robotic arm for freedom can diagnose the joints off-board by placing a torque in the robotic arm joint. MATLAB, Simulink®, SimscapeTM, and Simscape Multibody were the basis of this model. Virtual space with a virtual robot arm was connected to a physical space that was a 3D printed replica of the virtual space and robot arm, built using Unity (a modern Game Engine). The arm in the Digital Twin model was created using the hardware prototype’s dimensions, which were then used to simulate a real-world situation. With its revolute joints, the arm has a certain ...


Object Manipulation With Modular Planar Tensegrity Robots, Maxine Perroni-Scharf Jun 2021

Object Manipulation With Modular Planar Tensegrity Robots, Maxine Perroni-Scharf

Dartmouth College Undergraduate Theses

This thesis explores the creation of a novel two-dimensional tensegrity-based mod- ular system. When individual planar modules are linked together, they form a larger tensegrity robot that can be used to achieve non-prehensile manipulation. The first half of this dissertation focuses on the study of preexisting types of tensegrity mod- ules and proposes different possible structures and arrangements of modules. The second half describes the construction and actuation of a modular 2D robot com- posed of planar three-bar tensegrity structures. We conclude that tensegrity modules are suitably adapted to object manipulation and propose a future extension of the modular 2D ...


Bibliometric Analysis On Dynamic Target Tracking By Mobile Robot, Gaurav Atha Mr., Siddhant Chaturvedi Mr., Atishraj Desai Mr., Dhrumil Desai Mr., Shripad V. Deshpande Mr. May 2021

Bibliometric Analysis On Dynamic Target Tracking By Mobile Robot, Gaurav Atha Mr., Siddhant Chaturvedi Mr., Atishraj Desai Mr., Dhrumil Desai Mr., Shripad V. Deshpande Mr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The survey and bibliometric research on dynamic target tracking by a mobile robot are discussed in this paper. The primary goal of this bibliometric analysis is to comprehend and analyze the scope of the literature in the field of mobile robots for obstacle avoidance, path planning and target tracking using Robot Operating System (ROS). The ROS contains various tools for data analysis, incorporates multiple robots and their sensors, and supports devices interaction for target seeking and localization in mobile robots. This detailed review was performed on various research publications about the mapping of the unknown field/environment by the ROS ...


Bibliometric Analysis On Optimal Path Planning For Robots, Varad Sandeep Nerlekar, Tathaagat Nihar Mamtura, Nishant Singh, Suket Anand, Sushma Parihar May 2021

Bibliometric Analysis On Optimal Path Planning For Robots, Varad Sandeep Nerlekar, Tathaagat Nihar Mamtura, Nishant Singh, Suket Anand, Sushma Parihar

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Traversing from a given point to another while avoiding collision with obstacles is one of the key goals of path planning for robots [1]. Doing so in the most optimal way - the minimum total distance traveled by the robot is the objective of our study [2,3]. To do so, the algorithms implemented on the robots need to constantly map the environment or workspace in real time and subsequently create paths for the traversal in the environment without colliding with objects or obstacles [4,5]. Throughout the years, many researchers have conducted their own studies, researches and have proposed approaches ...


Development Of A Wearable Haptic Feedback Device For Upper Limb Prosthetics Through Sensory Substitution, Marco B.S. Gallone May 2021

Development Of A Wearable Haptic Feedback Device For Upper Limb Prosthetics Through Sensory Substitution, Marco B.S. Gallone

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Haptics can enable a direct communication pipeline between the artificial limb and the brain; adding haptic sensory feedback for prosthesis wearers is believed to improve operation without drawing too much of the user's attention. Through neuroplasticity, the brain can become more cognizant of the information delivered through the skin and may eventually interpret it as inherently as other natural senses. In this thesis, a wearable haptic feedback device (WHFD) is developed to communicate prosthesis sensory information. A 14-week, 6-stage, between subjects study was created to investigate the learning trajectory as participants were stimulated with haptic patterns conveying joint proprioception ...


Multilayer Perceptron With Auto Encoder Enabled Deep Learning Model For Recommender Systems, Subhashini Narayan May 2021

Multilayer Perceptron With Auto Encoder Enabled Deep Learning Model For Recommender Systems, Subhashini Narayan

Future Computing and Informatics Journal

In this modern world of ever-increasing one-click purchases, movie bookings, music, health- care, fashion, the need for recommendations have increased the more. Google, Netflix, Spotify, Amazon and other tech giants use recommendations to customize and tailor their search engines to suit the user’s interests. Many of the existing systems are based on older algorithms which although have decent accuracies, require large training and testing datasets and with the emergence of deep learning, the accuracy of algorithms has further improved, and error rates have reduced due to the use of multiple layers. The need for large datasets has declined as ...


A Bibliometric Perspective Survey Of Iot Controlled Ai Based Swarm Robots, Rhea Sawant, Ariz Shaikh, Chetna Singh, Aman Aggarwal, Shivali Amit Wagle, Harikrishnan R, Priti Shahane May 2021

A Bibliometric Perspective Survey Of Iot Controlled Ai Based Swarm Robots, Rhea Sawant, Ariz Shaikh, Chetna Singh, Aman Aggarwal, Shivali Amit Wagle, Harikrishnan R, Priti Shahane

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Robotics is the ­new-age domain of technology that deals with bringing a collaboration of all disciplines of sciences and engineering to create a mechanical machine that may or may not work entirely independently but definitely focuses on making human lives much easier. It has repeatedly shown its ability to change lives at home and in the industry. As the field of robotics research grows and reaches new worlds, the military is one area where advances can have a significant impact, and the government is aware of this. Military technology has come a long way from the days where soldiers had ...


Identification Of Emergent Collaborative Behaviors In Multi-Agent Systems, Bryson Howell May 2021

Identification Of Emergent Collaborative Behaviors In Multi-Agent Systems, Bryson Howell

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Identification of Emergent Collaborative Behaviors in Multi-Agent Systems

Bryson Howell

Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL) has been used to allow groups of autonomous agents to perform complex cooperative tasks. When MARL methods such as the Multi-Agent Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (MADDPG) algorithm [1] are used to train teams of agents in cooperative tasks, it has been observed that the actions of individual agents are significantly influenced by the actions of their teammates [2]. Additionally, prior work has shown that teams of agents trained independently of one another under identical conditions display a variety of behaviors [3]. Since these teams have been ...


Rethink Everything 2: Markets, Globalization, Development, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik May 2021

Rethink Everything 2: Markets, Globalization, Development, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Deniz Atik

Markets, Globalization & Development Review

No abstract provided.