Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Early Childhood Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Reading

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 24 of 24

Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

Applying Parental Involvement In Early Literacy, Luis Moya May 2019

Applying Parental Involvement In Early Literacy, Luis Moya

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Early literacy for young children has been linked with academic achievement, reduced grade retention, higher graduation rates, and enhanced productivity in adult life (Monterey County First 5, 2016). Parents may not always know how to engage in literacy development strategies or how they can participate in literacy exposure. Bringing awareness about early literacy parents is a key component to enhancing young children’s development. To address this need,my project will consist of providing an informative presentation about the importance of early literacy with families who attend the Library and Read, Grow, Play program for families with children 0 to ...


Infographic: High Frequency Words Used By Young Students In Australia, Dominique Russell Sep 2018

Infographic: High Frequency Words Used By Young Students In Australia, Dominique Russell

Teacher infographics

New research explores the words most frequently written by students in Australia in their first three years of schooling. Today’s infographic looks at the words that were written at a high frequency, unique to each year level.


Effects Of Print In Early Childhood Programs, Marcie Lentsch Aug 2018

Effects Of Print In Early Childhood Programs, Marcie Lentsch

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This paper will discuss the effects of print on early childhood classrooms. The first goal was to determine if referencing print during read alouds would increase foundational literacy skills. The second goal, was to identify if implementing the Sit Together and Read (S.T.A.R.) framework would increase emergent literacy skills with three, four and five year olds students. Two early childhood classrooms from the same school district were included in the study. One classroom embedded print references and the S.T.A.R. framework during repeated read alouds. The other classroom continued with normal read aloud routines. Data ...


Unlock The Box At Your Library, Amanda Puetz Apr 2018

Unlock The Box At Your Library, Amanda Puetz

OLA Quarterly

Are you fascinated by the escape room craze sweeping the nation but unsure how to bring it to your library? An escape room is an immersive experience in which a group works through a series of themed clues and puzzles to solve a mystery and “escape” a room within a given amount of time, usually an hour. Libraries can provide a similar experience by having patrons open a series of locks on a hasp closing a single box. Patrons race the clock to open the box. Holding an Unlock the Box program at your library is more achievable than you ...


Adulting 101: Know Your Audience, Teresa Lucas Apr 2018

Adulting 101: Know Your Audience, Teresa Lucas

OLA Quarterly

During the winter of 2017, I began to see a common topic on library programming group threads centering around ideas such as teaching basic life skills to young and new adults that may not have been taught at home or school. Around the same time, Clara Piazzola, the library’s young adult assistant, came to me to share an idea that was buzzing around her library school discussion boards. She told me about a program idea that would teach young people necessary skills to help them survive in the grownup world. Talk about a coincidence! I gave her the go ...


Pierce Library’S Night Against Procrastination, Sarah Ralston Apr 2018

Pierce Library’S Night Against Procrastination, Sarah Ralston

OLA Quarterly

There is a reason we are probably all familiar with the term “all-nighter,” whether we work in academia or elsewhere. The tendency to procrastinate is so common; most of us are likely to have had the experience of writing a paper late into the night before it is due or making a last-ditch attempt to learn concepts the night before a final exam. There are many strategies for dealing with, preventing, or avoiding procrastination, but a group of students and tutors at the European University Viadrina (EUV) in Frankfurt/Oder, Germany, came up with a novel twist on the traditional ...


Library Takeovers: After Hours Nerf Games And More At The Corvallis-Benton County Public Library, Bonnie Brzozowski, Elizabeth Johnson, Kristy Kemper Hodge Apr 2018

Library Takeovers: After Hours Nerf Games And More At The Corvallis-Benton County Public Library, Bonnie Brzozowski, Elizabeth Johnson, Kristy Kemper Hodge

OLA Quarterly

The Corvallis-Benton County Public Library (CBCPL) has been hosting action-packed after-hours events for all ages since July 2017. Referred to as Takeovers, these events involve crafts, video games, Nerf games, and more—all while the library is closed. Each Takeover event is tailored to a specific age group (either tweens, teens, or adults) and people from outside that age group are not permitted in the library during the event. Takeovers are all about having fun and connecting with others and have proven to be incredibly popular; for example, registration and attendance caps are necessary for the Tween Takeovers to be ...


Volume 23 Issue 4 Introduction, Esther Moberg Apr 2018

Volume 23 Issue 4 Introduction, Esther Moberg

OLA Quarterly

Llamas, Adulting 101, Henna Art, Raptors, and Trivia. Most people in Oregon typically would not think of these words in connection with their local library. Yet, all of these are programs that have been served up in our local libraries just in the past year alone. With hundreds of programs covering even more diverse topics than these, perhaps the more typical things people think about when it comes to programs are an author talk, storytime, or book talk in the library. These are still staple library programs, but with this Oregon Library Association Quarterly issue we will be sharing some ...


Building Community At The Library With Coffee And Conversation, Amy Honisett, Rachael Short, Kate Schwab Apr 2018

Building Community At The Library With Coffee And Conversation, Amy Honisett, Rachael Short, Kate Schwab

OLA Quarterly

As communities and individuals struggle with houselessness and housing insecurity, library staff must adapt in order to help our patrons fulfill needs. In 2013, Multnomah County Library (MCL) and the Multnomah County Department of County Human Services surveyed library patrons about library use. The survey identified that about 18.6 percent of visitors to Central Library—the county system’s main branch, located in downtown Portland— are people experiencing houselessness. These patrons visit the library more frequently than patrons who are not experiencing houselessness, and they tend to stay at the library longer than the latter group.

Because patrons experiencing ...


A New Use For The Makerspace, Diana Widdows Apr 2018

A New Use For The Makerspace, Diana Widdows

OLA Quarterly

If you want to elicit a groan and an eye roll from almost anyone in the field of education, you need only whisper two words: test prep. Standardized testing is a reality across the country, but even for those who can see its value, the testing is time consuming and can be soul-crushing for teachers and students.

At Warrenton Grade School, a Makerspace was established at the end of last year as a way to create opportunities for hands-on learning. It is housed in the art room, and teachers can bring their classes to work on projects. With this space ...


What Did We Learn? Youth And Family Programs At Deschutes Public Library, Heather Mcneil Apr 2018

What Did We Learn? Youth And Family Programs At Deschutes Public Library, Heather Mcneil

OLA Quarterly

A four-year-old in a sparkly dress and tiara. Patrons loudly hammering on leather strips. Sleepy faces peering up from sleeping bags. Teens geeking out over Sherlock and anime characters. Llamas peeing on the carpet.

Wait. What? Llamas in the library? Surely not. Who would bring llamas in the library?

That would be me. And it’s just one of the many things I’ve learned over the years about youth programs, good, bad, and ugly. Let’s start with the good.

Probably number one on the adorable scale is our annual Royal Tea Party. We invite children to dress in ...


The Effectiveness Of High Frequency Word List Instruction On Star Reading Test Scores, Michael Foster Dec 2017

The Effectiveness Of High Frequency Word List Instruction On Star Reading Test Scores, Michael Foster

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

The purpose of this quantitative, quasi-experimental study was to test the theory of using high frequency word list (HFWL)-based instruction when teaching beginning reading instruction. This study compared the reading fluency changes of eight classes across three different grades containing 115 students over 5 months as measured by the Standardized Test for the Assessment in Reading (STAR) when intervention students are given identical instruction using different popular HFWLs. One control group received no such intervention. The Fry HFWL was used. The resulting scores were analyzed using an independent-samples t test. The comparisons determined the effectiveness of teaching beginning reading ...


Storytime Can Be Social Justice Time, Natasha F. Campbell Oct 2017

Storytime Can Be Social Justice Time, Natasha F. Campbell

OLA Quarterly

Library storytimes are resources through which children can learn literacy skills, but they also have the potential for even greater impact. Families also use storytimes to gain valuable social interactions.

Libraries currently offer storytimes in response to community needs and values, and looking at storytime through a social justice lens gives library staff an opportunity to share and model valuable lessons in acceptance, inclusion, kindness, and empathy.

Resources exist to help storytime providers re-evaluate their storytimes and make incremental changes that can reap big benefits for attendees.


Choice And Its Effects On Motivation To Read, Kayla Cantu Oct 2017

Choice And Its Effects On Motivation To Read, Kayla Cantu

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to determine if there is a connection between the implementation of choice in the classroom and students' motivation to read. Research-based literacy framework and a choice model were used over an eight week period of time. Qualitative data was collected at the beginning and the end of the study in the form of surveys. Analysis of the data concluded that kindergarten students when given opportunities for choice in the classroom their motivation to read increased.


Do Spellings Of Words And Phonemic Awareness Training Facilitate Vocabulary Learning In Preschoolers?, Robin O'Leary Jun 2017

Do Spellings Of Words And Phonemic Awareness Training Facilitate Vocabulary Learning In Preschoolers?, Robin O'Leary

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of phoneme awareness training and orthography to the learning of new vocabulary words by partial alphabetic phase readers. We hypothesized that four and five year old children taught to segment words with letters would outperform those trained with shape markers and those that received no segmentation training on an invented spelling task. We also hypothesized that students seeing the spellings of new vocabulary words (names) would learn the words in fewer trials, remember the names and features better and would be able to better recognize letter labels when presented alone ...


First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin May 2017

First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study investigated the literacy educational practices of five general education first grade teachers in a charter school in Western New York. Charter schools typically hire teachers with less experience; therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore how first grade teachers in English Language Arts (ELA) and reading modified their literacy instruction to support all students, including, but not limited to, students with a variety of different disabilities. Through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations, this study focused on how specific literacy instructional tools and teaching methods, such as the arts and/or technology, impacted students’ literacy ...


How To Boost Literacy In Ages Birth To Three, Brianna Johnson May 2017

How To Boost Literacy In Ages Birth To Three, Brianna Johnson

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review explores the history, viewpoints, theoretical frameworks, and themes in literature of early literacy in the United States. It also discusses legislation on this topic, such as No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Literacy in ages birth to three has been a long time educational issue. The ‘pendulum’ has swung between different approaches to literacy instruction. It is important for every person to be informed on this subject because early literacy affects each life. What one learns or fails to learn in the first three years of life affects the rest of ...


The Predictive Nature Of The Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale Perceptual Score And Reading Achievement: A Mixed-Methods Study, Sarah Bond May 2017

The Predictive Nature Of The Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale Perceptual Score And Reading Achievement: A Mixed-Methods Study, Sarah Bond

Theses and Dissertations (All)

The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to identify and describe what correlations, if any, exist between the composite Phelps Kindergarten Readiness Scale (PKRS) score, the visual-perceptual subtest of the PKRS, and reading achievement by the end of grade one. The quantitative data used in this study were the PKRS scores from 421 students entering kindergarten in the 2013 and 2014 school years and the end of first grade Title I Reading rosters for the same cohort of students. The qualitative data collected for this study were the coded transcripts from two focus group discussions that included current and retired ...


Lit Symposium Presentation.Pptx, Karyn Allee-Herndon, Annemarie Kaczmarczyk Apr 2017

Lit Symposium Presentation.Pptx, Karyn Allee-Herndon, Annemarie Kaczmarczyk

Karyn Allee-Herndon

This presentation discusses the importance of family partnership in young children’s foundational literacy and executive function skill development. We will begin with the research rationale behind parental and caregiver involvement and move into practical (and affordable!) activities that can be done at home. 


Probing The Enactment Of Reading Miscues: A Study Examining Reading Fluency, Edward Lehner Jan 2017

Probing The Enactment Of Reading Miscues: A Study Examining Reading Fluency, Edward Lehner

Publications and Research

Subsequent to the National Reading Panel’s (2000) report, more researchers have been examining the role that reading fluency plays in the development of a child’s reading skills. This study investigated the efficacy of the National Reading Panel’s research claim that a child learns reading fluency skills mainly through phonics and decoding instruction. Using a methodology to track the source of reading miscues, this paper demonstrates that a student’s cultural and semantic knowledge of text vitally influences the development of reading fluency skills. Specifically, the findings suggest that a child culturally enacts reading fluency both through graphophonic ...


Using Interactive Reading Techniques With Word World To Enhance Emergent Literacy, James B. Godfrey Jan 2014

Using Interactive Reading Techniques With Word World To Enhance Emergent Literacy, James B. Godfrey

Theses and Dissertations in Early Childhood Education

Facets of emergent literacy such as phonological awareness (PA) and alphabet knowledge (AK) are precursors to later conventional literacy (Dockrell, Stuart & King, 2010; Neuman & Dwyer, 2009; NELP, 2008). Interactive reading techniques such as dialogic reading (Whitehurst et al., 1988) and explicit print referencing (Piasta et al., 2012; Justice et al., 2010) have been used effectively with printed text to enhance emergent literacy. This quasi-experimental study was designed to determine the extent to which interactive reading techniques combined with the viewing of educational television may enhance facets of emergent literacy such as PA and AK. A convenience sample of 19 preschool children between the ages ...


Effect Of A Balanced Literary Program In Kindergarten, Holly Parker Jan 2005

Effect Of A Balanced Literary Program In Kindergarten, Holly Parker

The Corinthian

The purpose of this study was to show the effect of a balanced reading instruction on kindergartners. The subjects were students from 10 kindergarten classes in 2 consecutive school years. This was a causal-comparative study with 129 students in the control group and 151 students in the experimental group. Both the control group and the experimental group were pretested in the the fall and posttested in the spring, using the Lexia Comprehensive Reading Test. The posttest mean of the experimental group (M = 28.0, SD = 10.3) was higher than the mean of the control group (M = 24.1, SD ...


The Effects Of Lexia Phonics Based Reading Software On First Graders' Lexia Comprehensive Reading Scores, Paula Snider Jan 2005

The Effects Of Lexia Phonics Based Reading Software On First Graders' Lexia Comprehensive Reading Scores, Paula Snider

The Corinthian

The research conducted in this paper provides information about using computer software to remediate reading skills in first grade. The pre- and posttest is the Lexia Comprehensive Reading Test (2001). This research was conducted in a first grade classroom with 22 students of which half were in the experimental group. Students were matched using Lexia Comprehension Reading test scores and randomly divided into the two groups. The experimental group used the Lexia Phonics Based Reading Program (2004) for 30 minutes a day 3- 4 times a week to build upon individual needs. After one month, the posttest was administered. The ...


The Child’S Concept Of Reading: Its Relationship With Cognitive Development And Reading Achievement, Patricia M. Fletcher Aug 1977

The Child’S Concept Of Reading: Its Relationship With Cognitive Development And Reading Achievement, Patricia M. Fletcher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the child's cognitive level of development and his concept of reading. The secondary purpose was to explore the relationship between the child’s concept of reading and his performance on a standardized reading measure, the Metropolitan Reading Achievement Test. The subjects, eight girls and twelve boys from a self-contained second grade class in a suburban school in western New York, ranged in age from 7.3 years to 9.2 years. The child's cognitive level of development, either preoperational-transitional or concrete operational, was determined by performance ...