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Early Childhood Education Commons

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2014

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

California Community Colleges Child Development Laboratory Schools, Shari Yates Dec 2014

California Community Colleges Child Development Laboratory Schools, Shari Yates

Dissertations

Community colleges in California are the primary source for preparing the early childhood care and education (ECE) workforce. The California child development lab school mission is to prepare ECE practitioners, provide a laboratory where college students can study and research child development/education, and offer a service to children and families. There are many benefits that are derived from laboratory schools but many community college lab schools have been reduced and/or closed over the past three years. The purposes of this Delphi study were (a) to examine the most pressing issues, problems and barriers facing California community colleges child ...


The Effects Of Book Format On Parent-Child Interaction During Joint Book Reading, Jennifer Lynn Bowman Dec 2014

The Effects Of Book Format On Parent-Child Interaction During Joint Book Reading, Jennifer Lynn Bowman

Theses and Dissertations

Technology is a part of our society and is ever changing. Therefore, it is important to examine the effects that such innovations have on parent-child interactions, especially those that have been shown to promote children's early literacy learning and future school success. This study was conducted in the context of a larger project, The Family Reading Project, which investigated parent-child engagement in joint reading activities using mobile devices. This research compared parent and child behaviors when reading traditional books versus reading e-books to determine if book format had any effect on parent-child interaction. The results of this study were ...


Power Of Equality Myths: A Transdisciplinary Study Examining The Influence Of Equality Policy On Teaching And Learning, Jennifer Gutiérrez Nov 2014

Power Of Equality Myths: A Transdisciplinary Study Examining The Influence Of Equality Policy On Teaching And Learning, Jennifer Gutiérrez

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There has been steady interest in the ideology of equity in schooling practices reflected in the written artifacts of the United States, especially in the last thirty years. However, equality-laden language is often used without definition or critical examination. The assumed meaning of equality terminology is problematic--especially for classroom teachers who are directly held accountable for the practice of equality policy. This inquiry critically evaluates the multiple implications of this common-sense usage of language related to issues of equality, equity, sameness, and even democracy. Using the combined methodologies of educational criticism, critical discourse analysis, and self-ethnography, this transdisciplinary investigation describes ...


Evaluation Of The Start Making A Reader Today (Smart), Beth L. Green, Amanda Cross-Hemmer, Lorelei Mitchell Oct 2014

Evaluation Of The Start Making A Reader Today (Smart), Beth L. Green, Amanda Cross-Hemmer, Lorelei Mitchell

Early Childhood

The goal of the Start Making a Reader Today (SMART) program is to support young children to develop early reading and literacy skills, as well as to increase their interest, confidence, and enthusiasm about reading. SMART pairs trained adult volunteers with PreK-3 rd grade children, primarily in schools serving significant proportions of low-income families. Thus, SMART augments the one-on-one reading support available in typical elementary schools. Volunteers read to children for 30 minutes, either once or twice a week, and provide books that children can take home and keep for themselves. Prior evaluation research (Baker, Gersten, & Keating, 2000) found that children who participated in SMART had better word identification and comprehension skills compared to similar children randomly assigned to a control group. However, since this study was conducted, the SMART model has evolved; in particular, the recognition ...


An Examination Of Teachers' Writing Self-Efficacy, First-Grade Students' Attitudes And Self-Efficacy In Writing, And Students' Writing Behaviors, Julie Bridget Mary Dashiell Oct 2014

An Examination Of Teachers' Writing Self-Efficacy, First-Grade Students' Attitudes And Self-Efficacy In Writing, And Students' Writing Behaviors, Julie Bridget Mary Dashiell

Theses and Dissertations in Early Childhood Education

Teachers' self-efficacy has been demonstrated to be an important construct linked to teacher competence (Goddard, Hoy, & Woolfolk Hoy, 2000; Graham & Perin, 2007). However, little is known about how teachers think about writing, particularly as it relates to their writing instruction and to writing tasks they assign to their young students. The purpose of this multiple methods inquiry was to explore teachers' self-efficacy beliefs and orientations about writing and to examine if these factors were connected to their writing instruction. This study also aimed to examine if students' self-efficacy and attitudes towards writing are connected to their classroom writing behaviors. Data was collected from ...


The Relationship Of Mobility, Child Characteristics And School Characteristics To The Academic Achievement Of Third Grade Students In A Predominantly Latino District, John Christopher Hicks Jul 2014

The Relationship Of Mobility, Child Characteristics And School Characteristics To The Academic Achievement Of Third Grade Students In A Predominantly Latino District, John Christopher Hicks

Theses and Dissertations in Early Childhood Education

The high rates of mobility in the U.S. can produce negative consequences for children's academic achievement. The purpose of this study was to determine relationships among math and reading academic achievement, mobility characteristics, student characteristics, and school characteristics in order to develop a model to predict achievement using these variables. Using such a model, educational stakeholders could identify students that are at risk for academic failure. The study included 523 third grade students from a high poverty, predominantly Latino, suburban district. Correlation analyses, factor analyses, ordered linear regression, and forward regression analyses were used to determine the relationships ...


Orchestrating A Kindergarten Block Program : The Teacher's Role, Abbey Butcosk May 2014

Orchestrating A Kindergarten Block Program : The Teacher's Role, Abbey Butcosk

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Analyzes the role of the teacher in kindergarten block building


Experts In Wondering : A Study Of Reggio Documentation, Alison J. Hurewitz May 2014

Experts In Wondering : A Study Of Reggio Documentation, Alison J. Hurewitz

Graduate Student Independent Studies

The focus of this independent study was to examine the role of documentation in the Reggio Emilia approach to early childhood education, and to explore benefits and challenges to the integration of Reggio documentation practices in a Reform Jewish nursery school setting.


A Look At What Are The Best Practices For Infant And Toddler Care, Tara Greaney May 2014

A Look At What Are The Best Practices For Infant And Toddler Care, Tara Greaney

Graduate Student Independent Studies

The first part of this project looks at what qualifications and trainings are currently required to be an infant/toddler caregiver in New York City. This is followed by a literature review of the professional development training program's best practices for infant/toddler care in five states. Interviews with seasoned directors of infant/toddler programs and surveys are also included.


The Early Years : A Handbook For New Early Childhood Progressive Educators, Mallory Morris May 2014

The Early Years : A Handbook For New Early Childhood Progressive Educators, Mallory Morris

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This master's project provides research, advice, and suggestions that will continue to prepare progressive early childhood teachers for their first years in the classroom.


Folk Music : Connecting Young Children And Their Families To American Roots, Liana Stampur May 2014

Folk Music : Connecting Young Children And Their Families To American Roots, Liana Stampur

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This paper will uncover the similarities between American folk music and Central and South American songs of revolution as a way to connect new immigrants to American culture.


How Does Your Garden Grow: How Planting Seeds Of Hope Inspire A Community Of Gifted African-Amrican Learners To Flourish In An Early Childhood Setting, Danielle Elaine Macneal-Harris May 2014

How Does Your Garden Grow: How Planting Seeds Of Hope Inspire A Community Of Gifted African-Amrican Learners To Flourish In An Early Childhood Setting, Danielle Elaine Macneal-Harris

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

"Knowledge is like a garden: if it is not cultivated, it cannot be harvested"

-African Proverb

Each day, African-American children are rarely given the opportunity to reach their full potential and flourish in American school systems. There continues to be a disparity in the number of African-Americans in the gifted population. When identified early, and with appropriate educational opportunities, young, culturally diverse gifted learners will be more likely to have long-term educational success. By utilizing an educational criticism methodology, this study discusses the importance of gifted education for African-American, early childhood students, by answering the question, how does The Hope ...


Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider Jan 2014

Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider

Library Faculty Papers

This articled describes ways in which teachers may use young adult and children's literature as touchstone texts to enhance children's ability to successfully navigate the transition process and develop literacy skills. An overview of the transition process is shared before turning to a discussion on the relationship between transitions and literacy. A bibliography of literature with themes related to topics surrounding transitions is included as a resource for educators. The article also provides a variety of instructional techniques that use touchstone texts to engage students in response to transition-related literature in order to promote growth in literacy. These ...


Re-Examining The Literature Review: Purposes, Approaches, And Issues, Mary Jalongo, Kelly Heider Jan 2014

Re-Examining The Literature Review: Purposes, Approaches, And Issues, Mary Jalongo, Kelly Heider

Library Faculty Papers

A successful review of the literature in early childhood education uses a collection of carefully selected sources to arrive at “big picture” understandings of a topic that will advance thinking and promote more enlightened perspectives on the care and education of the very young.


Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival, Karen Rowell, The University Of Southern Mississippi, The University Of Southern Mississippi's School Of Library And Information Science Jan 2014

Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival, Karen Rowell, The University Of Southern Mississippi, The University Of Southern Mississippi's School Of Library And Information Science

Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival Programs

The program for the fourty-seventh annual Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival held on the campus of The University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in 2014.


Case 10: Brunswick Montessori Children’S House, Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer) Jan 2014

Case 10: Brunswick Montessori Children’S House, Australian Council For Educational Research (Acer)

Tenderbridge

Rain cleared and the sun came out for the official opening of the Brunswick Montessori Children’s House in mid-September 2014. Tender Bridge attended the opening of the early learning centre, located in the grounds of Brunswick North West Primary School in the northern suburbs of Melbourne. The early learning centre has been a Tender Bridge subscriber for several years. Anne Miles, one of three women driving the project since its inception, spoke to Tender Bridge about the journey.


A Habitat For “Coco”: A Social Studies Investigation With Preschool-Aged Children, Mary Bowne, Jennifer Kampmann Jan 2014

A Habitat For “Coco”: A Social Studies Investigation With Preschool-Aged Children, Mary Bowne, Jennifer Kampmann

Teaching, Learning and Leadership Faculty Publications

Every investigation begins with a “spark” or provocation; something that ignites conversation and action by the teacher and/or children. Learning takes place through the process of construction, thus answering the endless “whys” and the meaning of things, others, and life (Rinaldi, 2006), which can be accomplished through projects and investigations. As a teacher, nothing is more rewarding than seeing children’s enthusiasm for learning, specifically the zest to ask questions and take control of their own learning. When teachers create lessons that are engaging, provoke questions, research, and collaboration, the static classroom environment now transforms into a dynamic environment ...


Mexican American Adolescents’ Gender Role Attitude Development: The Role Of Adolescents’ Gender And Nativity And Parents’ Gender Role Attitudes, Kimberly A. Updegraff, Susan M. Mchale, Katharine H. Zeiders, Adriana J. Umana-Taylor, Norma J. Perez-Brena, Lorey A. Wheeler, Sue A. Rodriguez De Jesus Jan 2014

Mexican American Adolescents’ Gender Role Attitude Development: The Role Of Adolescents’ Gender And Nativity And Parents’ Gender Role Attitudes, Kimberly A. Updegraff, Susan M. Mchale, Katharine H. Zeiders, Adriana J. Umana-Taylor, Norma J. Perez-Brena, Lorey A. Wheeler, Sue A. Rodriguez De Jesus

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families, and Schools

Gender development has long term implications for education and career endeavors and family formation behaviors, but we know very little about the role of sociocultural factors in developmental and individual differences. In this study, we investigated one domain of gender development, gender role attitudes, in Mexican American adolescents (N = 246; 51% female), using four phases of longitudinal data across eight years. Data were collected when adolescents averaged 12.51 years (SD = 0.58), 14.64 years (SD = 0.59), 17.72 years (SD = 0.57), and 19.60 years of age (SD = 0.66). Mothers’ and fathers’ gender role attitudes ...


Mexican-Origin Parents’ Latent Occupational Profiles: Associations With Parent-Youth Relationships And Youth Aspirations, Lorey A. Wheeler, Kimberly A. Updegraff, Adriana Umana-Taylor, Jenn-Yun Tein Jan 2014

Mexican-Origin Parents’ Latent Occupational Profiles: Associations With Parent-Youth Relationships And Youth Aspirations, Lorey A. Wheeler, Kimberly A. Updegraff, Adriana Umana-Taylor, Jenn-Yun Tein

Faculty Publications from Nebraska Center for Research on Children, Youth, Families, and Schools

This study utilized an ecological, person-centered approach to identify subgroups of families who had similar profiles across multiple dimensions of Mexican-origin mothers’ and fathers’ occupational characteristics (i.e., self-direction, hazardous conditions, physical activity) and to relate these subgroups to families’ sociocultural characteristics and youth adjustment. The study included 160 dual-earner Mexican-origin families from the urban Southwest. Mothers’ and fathers’ objective work characteristics and families’ sociocultural characteristics were assessed when youth were in early to middle adolescence; adjustment was assessed during late adolescence and early adulthood for two offspring in each family. A latent profile analysis identified 3 profiles that evidenced ...


Crafting New Relationships In Child And Youth Care: Human-Nonhuman Encounters, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw Jan 2014

Crafting New Relationships In Child And Youth Care: Human-Nonhuman Encounters, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Researching Neoliberal And Neocolonial Assemblages In Early Childhood Education, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo, Mary Caroline Rowan Jan 2014

Researching Neoliberal And Neocolonial Assemblages In Early Childhood Education, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Fikile Nxumalo, Mary Caroline Rowan

Education Publications

The article provides a discussion of ‘‘researching’’ neoliberalisms and neocolonialisms in white settler colonial societies such as Canada. It addresses the research implications after conceptualizing neoliberalisms as assemblages that are always already implicated in colonial histories. Specifically, the article discusses the need to rethink methodologies when neoliberalisms do not follow coherent directions, the kinds of methodological and research approaches necessary for the fluid and nonlinear movements of neoliberalisms and neocolonialisms, and how neoliberalisms and neocolonialisms as connected assemblages open up early childhood research practices that attend to colonial pastpresents.


Thinking With Paint: Troubling Settler Colonialisms Through Early Childhood Art Pedagogies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Vanessa Clark, B. Denise Hodgins Jan 2014

Thinking With Paint: Troubling Settler Colonialisms Through Early Childhood Art Pedagogies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Vanessa Clark, B. Denise Hodgins

Education Publications

In this paper we think with the specificities of paint to tell stories about entanglements of settler colonialism and paint and painting in early childhood art education. We see to become implicated (Razack, 1998) within settler colonialism in the context we now call Canada. We paint a messy non-linear picture of our work with children through a process of storytelling. Through complex pictures of how we are attempting (even if partially and imperfectly) to respond and stay with the trouble our stories bring forward, we gesture toward hope and decolonizing strategies. Our work takes inspiration from contemporary artists and from ...


Implementation Of The Ready! For Kindergarten Program, Sharon Bonnett Jan 2014

Implementation Of The Ready! For Kindergarten Program, Sharon Bonnett

All Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects

Research has shown that nearly 50 percent of Minnesota children entering kindergarten are not well prepared with the skills necessary to be successful in the kindergarten curriculum (MinneMinds, 2014 ). This gap in kindergarten readiness creates an achievement gap causing students to face significant hurdles to academic achievement (MinneMinds, 2014) which are hard to improve over time. Investment in parent-focused early childhood education programs has been shown to create the heftiest gains for children across a wide range of outcome measures and is a critical step in ensuring that children are prepared for success in school (Neville et al., 2013).


Healthy Incentive Scheme In The Irish Full-Day-Care Pre-School Setting, Charlotte Johnston Molloy, John Kearney, Noirin Hayes, Corinna Glennon Slattery, Clare Corish Jan 2014

Healthy Incentive Scheme In The Irish Full-Day-Care Pre-School Setting, Charlotte Johnston Molloy, John Kearney, Noirin Hayes, Corinna Glennon Slattery, Clare Corish

Conference Papers

A pre-school offering a full-day-care service provides for children aged 0-5 years for more than 4 hid. Researchers have called for studies that will provide an understanding of nutrition and physical activity practices in this setting. Obesity prevention in pre-schools, through the development of healthy associations with food and health-related practices, has been advocated. While guidelines for the promotion of best nutrition and health-related practice in the early years' setting exist in a number of jurisdictions, associated regulations have been noted to be poor, with the environment of the child-care facility mainly evaluated for safety. Much cross-sectional research outlines poor ...


Study On The Effective Use Of Early Childhood Education And Care In Preventing Early School Leaving: Final Report, Rimantas Dumclus, Jan Peeters, Noirin Hayes, Georges Van Landeghem, Hanna Siarova, Laura Peciukonyte, Ivana Ceneric, Hester Hulpia Jan 2014

Study On The Effective Use Of Early Childhood Education And Care In Preventing Early School Leaving: Final Report, Rimantas Dumclus, Jan Peeters, Noirin Hayes, Georges Van Landeghem, Hanna Siarova, Laura Peciukonyte, Ivana Ceneric, Hester Hulpia

Reports

No abstract provided.


Recruiting, Engaging, And Retaining Low Income Parents In Community Parenting Programs: A Phenomenological Study, Jane Elyce Fuqua Glasgow Jan 2014

Recruiting, Engaging, And Retaining Low Income Parents In Community Parenting Programs: A Phenomenological Study, Jane Elyce Fuqua Glasgow

Theses and Dissertations in Early Childhood Education

This study examined factors that impact recruitment, engagement, and retention of low-income parents in community parenting programs. Using a traditional qualitative phenomenological approach, this research sought to develop an understanding of the difficulties that program providers often encounter in engaging low-income parents. Participants included program stakeholders (providers, policy-makers, and funders) and low-income parents with children under the age of five from urban areas. A series of focus groups were held in order to capture the voices and develop a textural description of the lived experiences of participants. Results revealed that a combination of factors impact engagement, including the important role ...


Introduction To The Special Issue On Materiality In Early Childhood Studies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Laurie Kocher, Sylvia Kind Jan 2014

Introduction To The Special Issue On Materiality In Early Childhood Studies, Veronica Pacini-Ketchabaw, Laurie Kocher, Sylvia Kind

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Using Interactive Reading Techniques With Word World To Enhance Emergent Literacy, James B. Godfrey Jan 2014

Using Interactive Reading Techniques With Word World To Enhance Emergent Literacy, James B. Godfrey

Theses and Dissertations in Early Childhood Education

Facets of emergent literacy such as phonological awareness (PA) and alphabet knowledge (AK) are precursors to later conventional literacy (Dockrell, Stuart & King, 2010; Neuman & Dwyer, 2009; NELP, 2008). Interactive reading techniques such as dialogic reading (Whitehurst et al., 1988) and explicit print referencing (Piasta et al., 2012; Justice et al., 2010) have been used effectively with printed text to enhance emergent literacy. This quasi-experimental study was designed to determine the extent to which interactive reading techniques combined with the viewing of educational television may enhance facets of emergent literacy such as PA and AK. A convenience sample of 19 preschool children between the ages ...


Comorbidities In Preschool Children At Family Risk Of Dyslexia, Debbie Gooch, Charles Hulme, Hannah M. Nash, Margaret J. Snowling Jan 2014

Comorbidities In Preschool Children At Family Risk Of Dyslexia, Debbie Gooch, Charles Hulme, Hannah M. Nash, Margaret J. Snowling

Faculty of Education and Arts Publications

Background: Comorbidity among developmental disorders such as dyslexia, language impairment, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder is common. This study explores comorbid weaknesses in preschool children at family risk of dyslexia with and without language impairment and considers the role that comorbidity plays in determining children's outcomes. Method: The preschool attention, executive function and motor skills of 112 children at family risk for dyslexia, 29 of whom also met criteria for language impairment, were assessed at ages 3½ and 4½ years. The performance of these children was compared to the performance of children with language impairment and ...


Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider Dec 2013

Supporting Students In Transition Through The Use Of Touchstone Texts For Literacy Instruction, Deanna Laverick, Kelly Heider

Kelly Heider

This articled describes ways in which teachers may use young adult and children's literature as touchstone texts to enhance children's  ability to successfully navigate the transition process and develop literacy skills. An overview of the transition process is shared before turning to a discussion on the relationship between transitions and literacy. A bibliography of literature with themes related to topics surrounding transitions is included as a resource for educators. The article also provides a variety of instructional techniques that use touchstone texts to engage students in response to transition-related literature in order to promote growth in literacy. These ...