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Early Childhood Education Commons

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Full-Text Articles in Early Childhood Education

The Effects Of Teacher-Made Books On Preschoolers Choosing The Book Area, Vanessa Gilbert Jul 2020

The Effects Of Teacher-Made Books On Preschoolers Choosing The Book Area, Vanessa Gilbert

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to determine the effect of teacher-made books on preschoolers choosing the book area during free choice time. The research setting was an ECEAP classroom in a rural public school in Eastern Washington. The participants included 11 three and four-year-old students in an inclusive preschool program. Quantitative data compared student behaviors in the book area collected through video observation during pre- and post-intervention times. The study found adding teacher-made books, which included photographs of the students, to the book area had a positive impact on children choosing the book area during free choice ...


Effective Methods Of Alphabet Instruction For Preschool, Kelsey Throne Jul 2020

Effective Methods Of Alphabet Instruction For Preschool, Kelsey Throne

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

When children complete preschool with strong alphabet knowledge, there is a higher likelihood that they will read at a level of proficiency or above by third grade. Third-grade reading proficiency is highly predictive of school success factors, including continued reading fluency and high school graduation rates. This literature review compares two different teaching strategies to determine the most effective way to teach the alphabet to preschool students. When considering the pace in which the alphabet is taught, some classrooms teach a letter a week whereas other classrooms teach one letter a day. Multiple studies were analyzed to determine the best ...


Effectiveness Of Number Sense Instruction And Memorization Of Math Facts, Katie Barnes Jul 2020

Effectiveness Of Number Sense Instruction And Memorization Of Math Facts, Katie Barnes

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Math instruction is taught using a variety of methods and strategies. This literature review compares two strategies of math instruction: the instruction of number sense versus the process of memorizing math facts for students. The literature review identifies various math strategies for both number sense instruction and memorization of math facts. This literature review synthesizes studies published in scholarly journals on the topics of number sense, memorizing math facts, timed tests, math anxiety, and teacher perspectives. Studies from this review reveal that number sense instruction is beneficial for student learning to build the foundation for future mathematical knowledge before the ...


Play-Based Early Childhood Curriculum And Early Literacy Success Link, Kristi Clark Jul 2020

Play-Based Early Childhood Curriculum And Early Literacy Success Link, Kristi Clark

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review synthesizes research on how play-based learning and early-literacy success are linked. The review shows changes in early childhood education in the 20th Century and how play-based curriculums have affected children’s early literacy success. This literature review cites past studies carried out by influential early childhood theorists. Publish research on this topic reveals strong evidence that children’s literacy is developed through play, particularly when guided and teacher-directed play experiences connect to early literacy in a positive manner.


The Effect Of Social Emotional Skill Instruction On Cognitive Development, La'toria Horan Jul 2020

The Effect Of Social Emotional Skill Instruction On Cognitive Development, La'toria Horan

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this literature review is to gather evidence on the effect of teaching social emotional skills on the cognitive development of young children. Social emotional skills are skills that people use to interact with others, manage their emotion and address social situations. Teachers use social emotional learning (SEL) programs to directly and indirectly to address social skills acquisitions in the classroom. This review of the research shares the results of studies about the variety of methods available to teach children social skills and the benefits of mastering those skills. The wide-spread financial commitment by schools for SEL programs ...


Children Living With Trauma, Maggie Boyd Jul 2020

Children Living With Trauma, Maggie Boyd

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

There are many experiences that can happen to children that may lead to trauma. This literature review uses scholarly articles and journals, as well as books, to explore the impact trauma has on children. The research shows that there are many factors that may influence a child’s life and cause a child trauma. Trauma has a significant impact on the wiring of a child’s brain. As a result of the wiring, or lack of wiring due to trauma, children will show deficits in physical, social emotional and cognitive skills. Many times trauma can be misunderstood and diagnosed as ...


The Importance Of Trauma-Informed Practices In Schools, Heather French Jul 2020

The Importance Of Trauma-Informed Practices In Schools, Heather French

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Students who have been exposed to trauma may face social/emotional, behavioral, or cognitive developmental delays, poor health, problems in school, and mental health issues. These effects may last into adulthood. The intent of a trauma-informed school approach is to break the cycle of trauma by identifying trauma in students, providing support and interventions to help students cope and heal, and helping prevent future trauma. In order to meet these standards, schools need to collaborate with families and mental health professionals. Teachers need the proper training in trauma recognition to be able to provide an environment for all students to ...


Movement To Enhance Learning And On-Task Behavior In Early Childhood Classrooms, Angela James Jul 2020

Movement To Enhance Learning And On-Task Behavior In Early Childhood Classrooms, Angela James

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this literature review was to examine the impact of movement on learning and behavior. The literature provides numerous studies that reveal effects of movement on student achievement and on-task behavior of young children. As educators strive to keep students engaged and on-task, research shows that movement opportunities are a strategy to be utilized. Physical activity can benefit self-regulation and academic performance. Strategies for using movement in the classroom are given to support teachers.


Appropriate Risk With Two And Three Year Olds, Heather Bruno Jul 2020

Appropriate Risk With Two And Three Year Olds, Heather Bruno

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The focus of this school improvement plan was to explore existing research and data on the benefits and concerns present when allowing young children to play with toys and natural items in the outdoor environment that expose them to more risk. Based on that information, a plan was made to thoughtfully add some appropriate risky play elements to the outdoor playground at the Iowa State Child Development Laboratory School over the duration of one school year. By adding these elements, opportunities for growth of large motor skills and overall learning and development may occur. To assess growth, two assessment tools ...


The Effects Of Technology In Early Childhood, Krista Werling Jul 2020

The Effects Of Technology In Early Childhood, Krista Werling

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review examines the effects of technology in early childhood. This literature review uses scholarly journals and articles to show the advantages and disadvantages of technology in early childhood. The research examines how technology can impact a child's development in the areas of (a) social emotional, (b) physical, (c) cognitive, (d) language, (e) mathematics, and (f) literacy skills. The advantages and disadvantages of technology will be reviewed in each of these early childhood developmental areas. Parents and teachers must be aware of screen time guidelines. Recommendations from the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) and ...


The Impact Of Coaching To Support Professional Development In A Preschool Classroom, Katie Olson Apr 2020

The Impact Of Coaching To Support Professional Development In A Preschool Classroom, Katie Olson

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to determine the effect that the combination of coaching and professional development have on teachers’ confidence levels and number of classroom practices carried out compared with teachers who only attend professional development. The participants included six female caucasian teachers who all teach preschool in public elementary schools in southern Iowa. Data was collected through the use of a rating scale and checklist of practices that were completed by the participants prior to and following the intervention. The results of the study indicated that there was not a large enough difference in the ...


The Level Of Engagement Of Typically Developing Students Versus Students Enrolled In Special Education And Their Response To Teacher-Led Music Instruction Versus Technology-Led Music, Candice Haugen Apr 2020

The Level Of Engagement Of Typically Developing Students Versus Students Enrolled In Special Education And Their Response To Teacher-Led Music Instruction Versus Technology-Led Music, Candice Haugen

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Technology comes in many forms and is more accessible than ever before. There are many notable benefits of using technology. However, there are also negative effects when used incorrectly or not in moderation. There are various views on when technology should be incorporated into a classroom, the types of classrooms and how early within the educational setting it should be used. Based on research gathered, technology should be used within the classroom to enhance learning, not replace face-to-face interactions or experiences. Music within the early childhood classroom is beneficial to all learners within the environment. There are various ways to ...


How Does Trauma Affect Preschoolers?, Lisa Wolterman Apr 2020

How Does Trauma Affect Preschoolers?, Lisa Wolterman

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review discusses the need for teachers to be aware of trauma-affected students that may be in their classrooms. History shows us that trauma is not a new topic. In the last few years more research is being completed to help us understand what these students are thinking and feeling. Teachers are a key piece to helping trauma-affected students. This review provides some strategies for working with trauma-affected students. What is known is that with help, trauma-affected students can learn and grow when given the chance.


Peer Modeling Vs. Teacher Modeling For The Inclusive Preschool Classroom, Joshalyn Loutsch Apr 2020

Peer Modeling Vs. Teacher Modeling For The Inclusive Preschool Classroom, Joshalyn Loutsch

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of peer modeling versus teacher modeling for students with special needs within the inclusive preschool setting. Data was collected for three different developmental areas for students with special needs: social emotional, language, and cognitive abilities. The data gathered determined that both peer modeling and teacher modeling are effective teaching strategies for students with special needs, but it is unclear whether one strategy is more efficient than the other is. Preschool is the foundation for a child's education and teachers need research-based strategies to implement quality instruction for students with ...


Handwriting Without Tears And Its Affect On Lowercase Writing, Cynthia Ungs Apr 2020

Handwriting Without Tears And Its Affect On Lowercase Writing, Cynthia Ungs

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The researcher hypothesizes that students with no prior Handwriting Without Tears instruction can transition to lowercase name writing easier than students that have had that instruction. The researcher has studied the handwriting samples based on common handwriting assessment qualities. Writing samples were taken monthly, one from each student. There were 9 students that the researcher received handwriting samples, all of white race. There were 7 boys and 2 girls in the test set. The students that received Handwriting Without Tears used this mixed upper and lowercase writing for some time and had a harder time transitioning to first uppercase and ...


Executive Function And Self Regulation In Early Childhood, Jill Casey Apr 2020

Executive Function And Self Regulation In Early Childhood, Jill Casey

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

There has been a shift in the kindergarten classroom from one filled with play and exploration to one filled with academic rigor. In response to this, the focus of many preschool classrooms have also shifted to focus more on academic development rather than social emotional development. Executive function skills, which include inhibitory control, working memory and cognitive flexibility have been found to predict academic success and school readiness more than IQ. Self-regulation which refers to controlling behavior in response to a stimulus is interrelated with executive function and also is a predictor of success. Caregivers and early childhood classrooms must ...


Flexible Seating In The Classroom, Sara N. Wright Apr 2020

Flexible Seating In The Classroom, Sara N. Wright

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review discusses flexible seating in the classroom. It explains specific types of flexible seating that was found in recent relevant research most often. These seating types are therapy balls, inflatable cushions, standing desks, and foot fidgets. Next, the importance of the physical layout and environment of the classroom is examined. This literature review goes on to explore the benefits and challenges of flexible seating. Some benefits are engagement, positive behavior, movement, social impacts, and student choice. Some challenges are expense, storage and space, discomfort and balance, and incorrect use. There are multiple considerations educators need to take when ...


Promoting Play-Based Learning At Home, Canada C. Vandervelde Apr 2020

Promoting Play-Based Learning At Home, Canada C. Vandervelde

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review discusses how teachers can help parents implement play-based-learning in their own home. The review first looks at what play-based-learning is, why it is developmentally appropriate in the early years, and how it has evolved and been used throughout the years. The review will discuss legislation that has made it difficult to practice play-based-learning in the classroom and how promoting parental involvement is one way that we can combat this. Home-visits, take-home-kits, and technology are then reviewed as viable ways to introduce parents to play-based-learning and help them implement it in their own homes.


Movement Matters: The Importance Of Incorporating Movement In The Classroom, Dana Kleinjan Apr 2020

Movement Matters: The Importance Of Incorporating Movement In The Classroom, Dana Kleinjan

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review looks at what movement is and how it can improve student learning. Journal articles written in the last ten years were evaluated to find common themes that support incorporating movement throughout the school day including at recess, during physical education, and in the classroom. Brain research shows that moving while learning is beneficial. Movement ignites areas of the brain as well as improves neuron connections, helps to develop different areas of the brain, and offers a variety of mental health benefits such as lowered anxiety and depression. In addition, movement helps to prevent long term diseases such ...


Overview Of Trauma And Trauma-Informed Practices, Chelsea Larson Apr 2020

Overview Of Trauma And Trauma-Informed Practices, Chelsea Larson

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review explores trauma and trauma-informed practices. This literature review uses scholarly articles and journals explains an overview of trauma, toxic stress on brain development, assumptions of trauma-informed approaches, trauma screening and assessment, and an examination of teacher’s personal anxiety. The research will show how prevalent trauma is and negative impacts trauma has on students and adults. Trauma can cause a lot of difficulties on academic achievement for students. This literature review also includes information of protective factors such as resiliency, attachment, relaxation techniques, collaboration among professionals, instruction on expressing feelings, play in the classroom, and classroom environment ...


Using Rubrics And Self-Monitoring With Young Children, Jackie White Apr 2020

Using Rubrics And Self-Monitoring With Young Children, Jackie White

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This action research project studied the effects of using rubrics with preschool children. Research has shown the benefits of using rubrics with older students. This research project studied the effects of the Teaching Strategies Gold name-writing rubric with preschool-aged children. The literature review shows that young children are capable of metacognitive awareness to determine what needs to be learned. Rubrics can be implemented to aid students in evaluating their progress toward a learning goal. One group of preschool-aged children, three- to five-years of age, used the name-writing rubric to monitor their progress toward independently writing their name and was compared ...


Social Emotional Learning And Its Effects On Behaviors In The Kindergarten Classroom, Nicole Bruce Apr 2020

Social Emotional Learning And Its Effects On Behaviors In The Kindergarten Classroom, Nicole Bruce

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this action research project is to determine the impact of explicit social emotional instruction in the kindergarten classroom. Quantitative data was collected through behavior reports to determine the effects that this instruction had on students' behavior. The kindergarten class consisted of 20 students, including eleven females and nine males. The research was done during winter of 2019-2020. Social emotional lessons were implemented over a four-week period to the kindergarten class. Data were collected to determine if negative behaviors decreased after implementing these lessons. It was concluded that implementing social emotional instruction for the four-week period did have ...


How Do Augmentative And Alternative Communication (Aac) Systems Impact Students, Melinda Rice Apr 2020

How Do Augmentative And Alternative Communication (Aac) Systems Impact Students, Melinda Rice

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This paper will focus on communication and why it is so important during literacy routines in the classroom. The research will serve as a gateway into understanding the world of how communication and literacy tie together and what the impact of using Augmentative and Alternative Communication devices could do for a student. The research will focus on emergent literacy routines for students with significant cognitive disabilities and complex communication needs and to what degree the communication systems help the students communicate and com-prehend the questions being asked of them.


Preparing Incoming Kindergarteners And Parents For The Transition Into Kindergarten, Jessica Kempema Apr 2020

Preparing Incoming Kindergarteners And Parents For The Transition Into Kindergarten, Jessica Kempema

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The move into kindergarten is a critical transition for kindergarten students and their parents as the transition can impact the child’s academics journey through school. It is essential that preschool and elementary schools prepare families for the transition. This action research project studies the question: how can schools make the transition into kindergarten smoother for both incoming kindergarteners and their parents? The researcher reviewed data from the Kindergarten Readiness Assessment of 26 kindergarten students and also conducted a parent survey to determine how schools can better prepare students and parents during the move into kindergarten. The study found the ...


Using Kinesthetic Motions And Visuals To Help Promote Sight Word Recognition Through Snap Words, Lisa Charbonneaux Apr 2020

Using Kinesthetic Motions And Visuals To Help Promote Sight Word Recognition Through Snap Words, Lisa Charbonneaux

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This action research project studied the impact kinesthetic motions and visuals had on sight word recognition in kindergarten students. Over the course of seven weeks, 28 students from two kindergarten classrooms were given sight word instruction. The experimental group included kinesthetic motions and visuals through the use of Snap Word cards with their sight word instruction. The control group received sight word instruction by presenting the sight word without added kinesthetic motions or visuals. The experimental group included 15 students and the control group consisted of 13 students. Students from both the control and experimental groups were given identical pre ...


Directed, Structured Fine Motor Activities And Handwriting Development, Maggie Rozenboom Apr 2020

Directed, Structured Fine Motor Activities And Handwriting Development, Maggie Rozenboom

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this actions research project was to determine if the Transitional Kindergarten students who participated in directed, structured fine motor development increased their handwriting skills compared to those who did not receive directed, structured fine motor skill assistance. The study consisted of assessing students handwriting skills using the Handwriting Without Tears - Beginning Print at the beginning of the year, mid-year, and the end of the year. The quantitative data revealed that students who participated in daily fine motor activities that are directed for specific fine motor needs, including: pincher grasp, pincer grasp, whole-hand, and letter/number formation saw ...


Guided Math: Best Practice For The General Education Classrooms, Kaylee Cloyed Apr 2020

Guided Math: Best Practice For The General Education Classrooms, Kaylee Cloyed

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

Flexible small grouping and Guided Math is becoming widely used in elementary mathematics instruction around the world. However, there are some different viewpoints on whether or not this is the most effective math instruction for students and teachers. Research proves that being successful in math is important in order for students to be successful later in life at their careers. Since mathematics is so important for a successful life, many teachers and researchers are studying new intervention strategies to help students be successful in math. This literature review will contain peer reviewed, scholarly journals researching the history of education, math ...


The Use Of Learning Centers In The Kindergarten Classroom, Debra J. Hamand Oct 2019

The Use Of Learning Centers In The Kindergarten Classroom, Debra J. Hamand

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

This literature review discusses the necessity of learning centers in the kindergarten curriculum. The review first looks at pioneers in the field of education and how they feel children learn best. Learning centers is defined and tells why it should be in the kindergarten classroom and the benefits it offers. The review will discuss the legislation of why some people feel that play-based learning should be taken away from the school system and schools should only focus on academics. Today with high stakes testing and meeting state standards there is no time for learning centers. There are many challenges that ...


Preschool Students Learning From Play Based Learning And Small Group Instruction, Molly Nicholson Oct 2019

Preschool Students Learning From Play Based Learning And Small Group Instruction, Molly Nicholson

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

The purpose of this study is to use two different types or learning and see which one is more effective for preschool students. It seeks to answer this question: Do preschool students learn more effectively from small group instruction or from play-based learning? Preschool is where learning really begins, it is important to have a solid foundation for an educational career, this foundation is built in the preschool setting. Students learn in a variety of ways, hopefully this study helps determine the most effective way for the majority of the students to learn. Play-based learning is a relatively newer concept ...


The Effects Of Early Technology Use On The Development Of Young Children, Kara E. Avis Oct 2019

The Effects Of Early Technology Use On The Development Of Young Children, Kara E. Avis

Master's Theses & Capstone Projects

With technology becoming a prevalent part of daily life, early childhood experts, teachers, and parents have concerns as to what is appropriate for young children to do and use. Research shows both benefits and potential risks associated with technology use. Benefits can include enhanced creativity and collaboration with peers and adults, literacy achievement gains, language and vocabulary development, and opportunities for independence. These benefits generally occur in purposeful situations with developmentally appropriate educational content alongside adult guidance and scaffolding. Risks include health factors, cognitive and behavioral challenges, displacement of traditional developmental activities, and fewer personal interactions. These risks are more ...