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Theses/Dissertations

Iowa State University

Economics

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Couples’ Financial Management And Marital Quality: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Emily Sorenson Jan 2016

Couples’ Financial Management And Marital Quality: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Emily Sorenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explores the link between couples’ financial management practices and their marital quality through qualitative inquiry. Six couples in their first marriage with at least one child age 18 or younger were interviewed to understand how their financial histories affect their current approach to financial management and how their financial management affects their relationships. Using Couples and Finances Theory as a conceptual framework, this phenomenological study investigates these linkages to offer implications for financial counselors and therapists. There was no one financial management technique that appeared to link consistently to quality of relationships. Rather, it appeared that underlying relationship ...


Educational Attainment, College Major Choice, The Gender Wage Gap, And Average Starting Salaries Of College Graduates In The United States, 1967-2011, Nicole Stefanie Caviris Jan 2014

Educational Attainment, College Major Choice, The Gender Wage Gap, And Average Starting Salaries Of College Graduates In The United States, 1967-2011, Nicole Stefanie Caviris

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wage gaps between men and women have narrowed since 1970. There have been many explanations offered for this decline, but the most common have been the increased likelihood that women complete college, a narrowing of gender differences in occupational choice, and a reduction in wage discrimination. This study estimates the contributions of college entry, choice of major, and wage differentials within occupations on the overall change in gender wage gaps from 1967 to 2011 using a Tornqvist approximation to a shift-share analysis of the factors affecting relative earnings for men and women and changes in relative wages between men and ...


Essays On Agricultural, Financial Economics And Education, Juan Manuel Murguia Baysse Jan 2013

Essays On Agricultural, Financial Economics And Education, Juan Manuel Murguia Baysse

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is devoted to the study of three different topics under the advice of three different mayor professors. The only thing these topics have in common is the interest and curiosity of the author to explain real life events, using applied econometric techniques. Chapter 2 applies financial tools to assess whether stock values reacted across world markets to the announcement of indexes that synthesize the environmental performance of the world's largest publicly-traded companies. The environmental index selected for this purpose is the "Global 100 Ranking" (G100), a ranking of the 100 largest public companies by market capitalization. The ...


An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette Jan 2008

An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Financial equity among school districts across the country has been studied for many years. Research has given mixed reviews that increased funding will equate to higher student achievement. As educators and legislators debate the adequacy and equity of funding for all schools across states and the country, having a strong foundation of research in which to base the discussion is crucial. School funding models must be studied to ensure that all students have an opportunity for an equitable and adequate educational experience.;The purpose of this study was to take a look at the Iowa school funding model and the ...


Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush Jan 2007

Program Theory Of A Usda Grants Program For Use In Evaluation Based On Quantitative Content Analysis And Oral History Narrative Analysis, Elena Yu Polush

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research was conceived on the premise that a good evaluation plan for a program begins with explicating the program's essential conceptual underpinnings, namely the program theory. Theory-based evaluation is generally recognized as enhancing the quality of evaluation. However, the theory-based approach remains underutilized in evaluation of federal competitive grants programs. The goal of the research was to depict a coherent description of program theory for the Higher Education Challenge (HEC) grants program grounded on core aspects of theories developed in two studies. The research used quantitative content analysis to systematically study the texts of Request for Application (RFA ...


Three Essays On Child Labor, Schooling Outcomes And Health, Chanyoung Lee Jan 2007

Three Essays On Child Labor, Schooling Outcomes And Health, Chanyoung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the interrelationships between child labor, schooling and health, using nationally representative data from the United States and from Brazil. In developing countries, child labor can begin at an early age. However, child labor can be found in developed countries as well, particularly in the teenage years. This dissertation examines (1) whether and how much current state child labor legislation affects the employment and schooling decisions of U.S. high school students; (2) whether there is a cumulative effect of teen work on schooling outcomes; and (3) whether adults who worked as children experience increased incidence of illness ...


A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell Jan 2007

A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although family systems theorists have long emphasized the family as an important influence on the individual's life choices, there is minimal qualitative research relating to Millennial college students and the impact of their families, particularly in the area of financial beliefs and behaviors. The purpose of this qualitative study was the exploration of the phenomenon of family influence on Millennial college students regarding how money messages from parents and grandparents have influenced their own money beliefs and behaviors. Seven college students between the ages of 21-23 were interviewed to gain insight into the perceived impact of family money messages ...


The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr. Jan 2007

The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Beginning in the 1970s, graduate assistants have organized labor unions. Presently, 36 universities have a graduate-student union. However, the effect graduate-student unions have on wages, wage variance, health benefits, and organizational structure is unknown. This study uses data from the Chronicle of Higher Education and government data to estimate the economic effects of unionization. By using a multilevel model is used to control for intra-university correlation of wages, this study concludes graduate unions are effective at raising stipends, but ineffective at lowering fees, providing health-care coverage, and lowering intra-university wage variance.


Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett Jan 2006

Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate unsecured debt and the practice of saving early for retirement by recent female college graduates. An electronic survey was conducted to assess graduates from the calendar years 1994--2004. An over-sampling of Family and Consumer Sciences majors was conducted for comparison. The amount of debt, amount of retirement savings, attitudes toward retirement, and expectations toward retirement were investigated. The study was grounded in the Theory of Reasoned Action and the findings supported the theoretical construct;The study revealed lower than national average amounts of student loan debt and a slightly larger than national ...


No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy Jan 2006

No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gain more understanding about the perceptions of school business officials' "adequacy of performance" in skill areas and "role consensus" regarding three theoretical role groups: executive, manager, and technician. From a new web-based survey, the perceptual data of 169 superintendents and 182 school business officials employed by Iowa public school districts during the 2005-2006 school year were analyzed using Role Theory as the theoretical framework and the 25 Association of School Business Officials (ASBO) International Professional Standards sub-skill set areas as the content framework. The response rate was 55.3% for school business officials ...


Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris Jan 2006

Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine if the graduation rates of students of color and majority students at public, research extensive and intensive institutions could be predicted by institutional resource allocation activities in the context of both the internal and external environments of universities. The independent variables for the internal environment were expenditures in regard to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional grants (scholarships, fellowships), research, public service, institutional support, plant operation and maintenance, and institutional selectivity. The independent variables for the external environment were geographical region and degree of urbanization. The independent variables for the internal environment were calculated in ...


Do Congressional Academic Earmarks At Public Research Institutions Encourage Research Productivity? , Matthew Lincoln Feldmann Jan 2005

Do Congressional Academic Earmarks At Public Research Institutions Encourage Research Productivity? , Matthew Lincoln Feldmann

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Academic earmarks identified by the U.S. Congress through attachments to funding bills have represented a sizeable and growing revenue stream to institutions of higher education, yet little has been determined about the impacts this funding has on these institutions or the products of these institutions. A study was defined to test the argument that academic earmarks provided support for institutions to build research and development (R&D) infrastructure necessary for competition with peers. The population of interest was all U.S. public research institutions, and the principal research question was whether academic earmarks provided these institutions with increased academic R&D infrastructure as indicated by changes in R&D expenditures between 1993 and 2002. Structural equation path analysis was used to test the relationships among institutional control variables, total academic earmarks received, change in R&D expenditures, and institutional peer rankings over ten years.;The study demonstrated evidence that the practice of congressional academic earmarking at public research institutions did not have an effect on change in R&D expenditures or an effect on peer rankings. Three ...


School Size And Educational Performance: An Analysis Of Itbs Scores Across Iowa School Districts, Ryan Sullivan Jan 2005

School Size And Educational Performance: An Analysis Of Itbs Scores Across Iowa School Districts, Ryan Sullivan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were two main goals this paper set out to accomplish. The first was to set up an econometric model that analyzed and predicted average ITBS test scores for school districts across Iowa. The ITBS test is a test which is mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act. It is used to judge how well schools are performing. The econometric model designed in this study predicted student achievement as a function of daily attendance rates, per pupil expenditures, dropout rates, student-to-teacher ratios, number of pupils per computer, average number of years experience for full-time teachers, average salary for full-time ...


Four Essays On Technology Adoption And Returns To Skill In The Us , Moohoun Song Jan 2005

Four Essays On Technology Adoption And Returns To Skill In The Us , Moohoun Song

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We investigate two plausible factors that may have affected changes in wage inequality: returns to higher education and returns to new technologies. The first two chapters examine the role of mathematics and verbal ability in estimating returns to advanced degrees. When average abilities within the major are treated as missing variables, we found that OLS estimates of returns to graduate education are underestimated. When average ability in the major is treated as part of an endogenous decision regarding whether to attend post-graduate degree programs, we find that students in majors with higher average mathematics skills are less likely to progress ...


Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp Jan 2004

Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The state of Iowa is currently faced with many budget difficulties. Due to the fact that education accounts for nearly half of all state appropriations and property taxes paid in the state, ways of decreasing educational costs may contribute to relieving the current fiscal stress. The aim of this paper is to develop a model from past analyses to test for the presence of economies of scale in Iowa School districts. The results reveal average benefits from a cross section of Iowa school districts that may be realized through administrative consolidation of districts with fewer than 600 students. It is ...


Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee Jan 2004

Antecedents And Consequences Of Satisfaction With A Mass Customized Internet Apparel Shopping Site , Hyun-Hwa Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The interactive nature of the Internet is the key to building a relationship with customers. Interactivity is primarily suited for increasing consumers' satisfaction with a business relationship. Mass customization web sites incorporate a high level of interactivity in the site design. This study was conducted due to the lack of research examining mass customization and satisfaction.;The expectancy disconfirmation model of satisfaction was used as the framework to examine consumer satisfaction. Among the interactivity characteristics, the concept of choice was applied to develop Internet mass customization shopping sites.;The purposes of this study were: (1) to investigate consumer satisfaction with ...


Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf Jan 2004

Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pressured by internal and external institutional stakeholders, institutions of higher education increasingly are challenged to demonstrate efficiency and productivity. One approach to illustrate productivity and efficiency is to examine how resources are allocated within the institution and the extent to which allocated resources meet institutional goals such as high first-year retention and 6-year graduation rates. Focusing on private Baccalaureate Liberal and General colleges and universities, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between institutional expenditures related to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, and institutional grants (i.e. student financial aid) and retention and graduation rates ...


Student Loan Debt: Insight Into Economic Well-Being Issues , Ann M. Perkins Jan 2003

Student Loan Debt: Insight Into Economic Well-Being Issues , Ann M. Perkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate economic well-being issues related to student loan debt. The sample used for this study was extracted from the Baccalaureate and Beyond survey. The focus of the study is the extent to which repayment of student loan debt is a financial hardship for graduates. Two debt-to-income ratios of (1) total monthly debt payments over total monthly household income and (2) total educational debt payments over total monthly household income are used as outcome variables. How students pay for a higher education is a critical component of family and public policy. The purpose is ...


Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee Jan 2003

Wage Disparity: A Comparison Of Residual Differences In Predicted And Actual Faculty Wages By Gender At Iowa State University , Harold Eddie Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research project outlines the rigorous and detailed methods used in conducting a gender-related salary equity study. Specifically, this study looks into the question of whether salaries received by female faculty members are significantly different from the salaries received by Caucasian-male faculty members. In this study, data for five academic years are analyzed to judge whether salary levels for female and Caucasian-male faculty members within selected disciplines, departments, and/or colleges at a major land-grant academic institution are impartial across gender after controlling and/or accounting for variations in individual faculty characteristics.;After assembling the data, the author uses a ...


Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton Jan 2003

Community College Finance: Current Funds Revenue Sources In 11 Midwest States In The Decade Of The 1990s , Carol Noel Piper Kenton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Twelve current funds revenue sources utilized by 212 community colleges in 11 Midwest states during the decade of the 1990s were analyzed, using data from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), available on the Internet. Comparisons were made by state as well as time, using the two-way analysis of variance. Of particular interest were trends in the proportions of student tuition and fees, and state and/or local appropriations from 1990 to 1995 to 2000. Also examined was the states' use of alternative funding sources to compensate for a possible reduction in government appropriations. Different funding models within the ...


An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to provide information and assistance to Iowa policy-makers as the July 2001 sunset date approaches for expiration of the current public school funding Law; This study addressed the support for preserving and continuing the current funding policies, or pursuing changes in those policies. Board of education members, superintendents, teachers, and business managers were the subjects of the study (n = 289) as these individuals are charged with the efficient delivery of public education in Iowa;A seven member panel of experts in Iowa school finance developed the survey as an appropriate established instrument was ...


Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim Jan 1998

Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are far lower than in countries facing similar economic circumstances. The problem is particularly severe for girls in poor families and rural areas;To address this problem, the Balochistan Education Foundation with technical support from World Bank launched the Urban Girls' Fellowship program in 1994, and the Community Support Program (CSP) in 1992. These programs were instituted in Balochistan Province, the poorest, the least populous, least educated province of Pakistan. The main object of the pilot programs was to increase the enrollment rate for girls;This study evaluates the two programs using experimental and ...


Individual And Aggregate Demand For Higher Education: The Role Of Strategic Scholarships , Darin Ray Wohlgemuth Jan 1997

Individual And Aggregate Demand For Higher Education: The Role Of Strategic Scholarships , Darin Ray Wohlgemuth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Undergraduate enrollment increased over 50 percent nationally from 1973 to 1994. The proportion of high school graduates enrolling in college increased from 46.6 to 61.9 percent. These increases occurred despite increases in real tuition prices since 1985, constant (nominal) levels of federal Pell grants per recipient, and declining numbers of high school graduates. This dissertation examines the admitted applicant's decision to enroll and aggregate (state/county) enrollment at a large public institution;The aggregate enrollment model investigates the extent to which national trends in enrollment can be captured within the context of a model of enrollment demand ...


The Impact Of Intergovernmental Grants-In-Aid On Public School Expenditure Under The Segregated School System , Se-Koo Rhee Jan 1996

The Impact Of Intergovernmental Grants-In-Aid On Public School Expenditure Under The Segregated School System , Se-Koo Rhee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigated the fiscal behavior of local public school districts under the segregated schools system in Maryland with the emphasis on the relative response of school expenditure to intergovernmental grants-in-aid between black and white schools. The median voter model was employed to derive theoretical demand specifications for both no-nonresidential-property-tax-shifting and partial-shifting assumptions. The theoretical model derived here is unique in the sense that inter-racial factors are included to determine the demand for education in black and white schools, since the provision of public education services was decided simultaneously by the median voter who was presumed to be white;A ...


A Study Of Quality Improvement And Its Relationship To Financial Characteristics Of Selected Iowa Public School Districts , Joseph Eric Kirchoff Jan 1996

A Study Of Quality Improvement And Its Relationship To Financial Characteristics Of Selected Iowa Public School Districts , Joseph Eric Kirchoff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to assess whether a relationship existed between the financial characteristics and the perceived quality of selected Iowa public schools for the 1992-93 school year;Following a comprehensive review of literature, an assessment instrument designed for educational organizations based on the Baldrige quality award criteria was utilized to assess the perception of current quality and ideal quality of selected schools. Financial characteristics were compiled from State of Iowa information;The population used in the survey for this study included responses from five teachers, three support personnel, two administrators, the superintendent, all board members, and two ...


Feasibility Study And Design Of A Merit Pay Plan For Principals , Lawrence Edward Sessions Jan 1996

Feasibility Study And Design Of A Merit Pay Plan For Principals , Lawrence Edward Sessions

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Merit pay has been around for almost a century in American education. Most school districts attempting merit pay have discontinued those plans after a few years. The apparent failures might be partially the result of poor design or implementation;The primary purpose of this study was to conduct a feasibility study and to design a model merit pay plan for principals that will be acceptable to principals, upper-level administrators, and school boards. The intent of this plan is to improve principal effectiveness in school leadership while indirectly increasing student performance;Qualitative research and case study methods were used to conduct ...


Sex And Earnings Differentials Among Home-Based Workers , Hyochung Kim Jan 1995

Sex And Earnings Differentials Among Home-Based Workers , Hyochung Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to examine the earnings differentials between men and women and to find the factors explaining the differentials among home-based workers with comparison to on-site workers. The overall hypotheses examined were: (a) sex is a significant factor in choosing simultaneously occupation and location of work, and (b) sex is a significant factor in determining the earnings, given the choice of occupation and location of work. The data from Census of Population and Housing, 1990 (United States): Public Use Microdata Sample: 1/10,000 Sample were used for this study. One of the major findings of ...


A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock Jan 1994

A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted at Northwest Iowa Community College (NCC), located in Sheldon, Iowa. Northwest Iowa Community College serves a 4 1/2 county rural area. In December of 1992 NCC placed a seven million dollar bond issue before the voters. This referendum which needed a 60% plus one voter approval received a 36.41% approval. Campaign strategies for the 1992 referendum included a targeting of possible affirmative voters. This research identified six subgroups of constituents--five subgroups affiliated with the college (college advisory committee members, credit students and alumni, employees, continuing education participants and senior citizens who had taken classes ...


Perceptions And Activities Of Agriculture Education Teachers In Us Institutions Of Higher Education Regarding Internationalization Of The Agricultural Education Curriculum , Michael Jackson Akpan Jan 1994

Perceptions And Activities Of Agriculture Education Teachers In Us Institutions Of Higher Education Regarding Internationalization Of The Agricultural Education Curriculum , Michael Jackson Akpan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the perceived distances from country to country and from continent to continent continue to diminish, the responsibility of U.S. institutions of higher education to prepare students for life in the future takes on added dimensions. The question is whether an ever-growing number of our agricultural education graduates are educated to a more thorough understanding of the international forces that are shaping their careers and their world;The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions held by agricultural education teachers in U.S. institutions of higher education regarding internationalization of the agricultural education curriculum;Two hundred and ...


The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga Jan 1994

The Impact Of Household Characteristics On Household Consumption Behavior: A Demand System Analysis On The Consumption Behavior Of Urban Households In The Province Of Central Java, Indonesia , Hamonangan Ritonga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Consumer demand theory has long dominated the study of household consumption behavior. This theory, however, incorporates only the effects of prices and income on consumer demand, with tastes as given. In addition, most previous empirical studies have been applying this theory to aggregate data and to an incomplete household expenditure/demand system;This study draws attention to the use of household characteristics in household demand analysis. The main goal of this study is to estimate a complete, theoretically plausible system of household demand to investigate the impact of household characteristics on household consumption behavior in the province of Central Java ...